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Raymond and Wilma Woidt Krueger 

Wilma Woidt Krueger was born in Effingham, Illinois, on 
December 22, 1924, to Ernest and Vida Prather Woidt. Grand- 
parents on her paternal side arrived here from Germany when on- 
ly a few months old. On her maternal side, ancestors came from 
England and Ireland. Her great-grandfather, Wm. Rowbotham, 
and two brothers, one named Thomas, came to this country as 
young men. Grandfather Rowbotham named his only son Thomas. 

She married Raymond Krueger, a Cumberland County native, 
in 1950. They have three daughters, Rae, Karen, and Cathy, and 
three granddaughters, Stephanie, Megan, and Bryn Printz. 

She basically taught herself to paint by studying her favorite 
masters. She feels it is very important to develop your own style, 
and study, study! She tries to convey the illusion of a watercolor 
with her oils, and draws on dreams and memories of the past. All 
the beauty she sees everywhere she goes, gives her an overwhelm- 
ing desire to capture it all on canvas. 

She feels painting has added an exciting dimension to her life, 
from a solo exhibition at the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis 
(Shaw's Garden), to exhibiting in Washington, D.C., across the 
street from the White House in 1987, 1988, and 1989, having won 
three national competitions, and her "Madonna of the Trail" will 
hang in the Illinois Governor's mansion. Currently her paintings 
are being featured in the governor's galleries in Springfield, 
Chicago, and Rend Lake. 

Mildred "Millie Lee" Gentry Lindsay 
History Book Editor 


"Madonna of the Trail" is a 24"x 30" oil painting commis- 
sioned by Ann Crooker, St. Clair Chapter of the DAR and painted 
by Wilma Woidt Krueger, placed first in the National American 
Heritage "We the People" Art competition and received Best of 

The painting was on exhibit April 17 through April 21, 1989, at 
the NSDAR Continental Congress Museum in Washington, D.C., 
along with "Let Freedom", the painting by Krueger that placed 
first in 1988. 

The statue, Madonna of the Trail, was dedicated by the NSDAR 
to pioneer mothers, and personifies the role those women played 
in the quest to cross, settle, and tame the wilderness. One of the 
12 statues which were erected across the country is located on the 
Vandalia, Illinois, courthouse lawn, at the end of the Old National 
Road (the Cumberland Trail), where, before moving the state 
capitol to Springfield, Vandalia had that honor. 

The four collages in the painting, surrounding the statue, each 
tells its own story. One of the scenes is of a cemetery located on 
the E. C. Ballard farm at Altamont. Some of the stones mark the 
graves of men who worked on the road, dying during the winter of 
1838, and of children who died on the journey westward. 

The stagecoach stop hotel depicted is the Barthelemy House in 
Jewett, also located on the Cumberland Trail. Though crumbling, 
it is still standing. 

The conestoga wagon scene, also on the Old National Road 
(Cumberland Trail), was painted with the large tree in the 
background. This beautiful old tree was chosen by the artist when 
she discovered it about a mile north of Jewett. She felt it was a 
perfect symbol of strength for the scene. 

The log cabin too, speaks for itself. It is the boyhood home of 
Abraham Lincoln in Indiana. 

All trails in the painting are heading west. 

Cumberland County 


1843 • 1993 

County History 3 

Churches 16 

Cemeteries 32 

Schools 49 

Greenup High School Alumni 82 

Neoga Township High School Graduates 87 

Toledo High School Alumni 91 

Cumberland Unit #77 94 

Agriculture 96 

Greenup 99 

Jewett 113 

Neoga 118 

Toledo 129 

Villages 141 

Hazel Dell 142 

Military 152 

Families 167 

Memorials 446 

Index 452 

Boosters 467 

^ wmi 

This book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the founding 
of Cumberland County (1843-1993) and to the men and women 
who down through the years have worked to transform a tractless 
wilderness into the modern and progressive place it is today. 

When a person with no first-hand knowledge of this county 
hears of this book, that person may ask, with some good reason, 
why there should ever be a book about such a small county in the 
huge State of Illinois? The answer to this will come quite naturally 
from the proud folks who have called this county their home, and 
among their number are quite a few who can trace their family 
residencies to before the county was organized. These are the 
core-type people who know best why the book is needed, for it is 
they who probably know and love the county best, who are the 
most aware of what it took to civilize it, and who cherish most 
fondly memories of the colorful personalities and lively events 
that enrich the county's long history. 

What a raw wilderness greeted those first white settlers who 
entered this Cumberland County area at about the time Virginia, 
in 1778, established the 'county of Illinois', an act which gave 
some semblance of government to the lonely cabins scattered far 
and wide across the prairie! Wild though it was it surely had 
something which attracted and held those first brave souls, for 
their eyes must have witnessed first-hand things which modern 
folk can only see through the mind's eye. The challenge of it all, 
the sense of being free from kings and clergy, the opportunity to 
forge one's own destiny through honest work, things like these 
must have sustained them through the deepest chasms the human 
spirit can endure. And there were other gifts bestowed upon them: 
the numerous Indians (over 100 village sites have been located by 
Mr. Paul Hills of Clark County) proved to be friendly and helpful; 
the clean, abundant creeks and the vital Embarrass River were 
full of game fish; some of the best timber-class wood was at hand 

for building purposes; the air was fresh, exhilarating, and 
therefore healthful; there were natural sounds to be enjoyed, and 
such an abundance and variety of wild game to make every meal 
fit for a king's palate. But there were also many dangers and 
obstacles to be overcome, and that hard labor required of the 
simplest tasks was often staggering. Poisonous snakes were 
everywhere and resentful of the intruders, the horse fly and dead- 
ly green fly tormented both farm animals and settlers, while that 
subtle killer, the disease-bearing mosquito, swarmed by the 
millions in the many sloughs along the Embarrass River. 

The trees to be felled and stumps to be cleared must have prov- 
en obstacles a Paul Bunyon would have worried over, e.g., it is 
claimed that the first county jail, located near present-day Diona, 
was kept in the hollow of a tree stump with an enormous rock 
placed across its top to serve as roof. This tree stump was so large, 
according to local legend, it took eight men with their arms out- 
stretched to reach around its enormous girth! Until recent times, 
stumps like this, trees and scrub brush had to be cleared without 
much help from machines, perhaps giving rise to the adage 
among folk here that their ancestors 'broke their backs' clearing 
Cumberland County's acreage. And yet they got the job done so 
that today there is a felt need on the part of its folk to tell the 
story, the story of a small county in a huge state, but still and all, a 
mighty proud one. 

To those fortunate enough to know about this county and to 
have a copy of this book a precious possession is theirs, for not 
only will they have many pleasant hours of recognizable reading 
before them, they will also have an heirloom worthy to be passed 
along to succeeding generations, one filled with living memories 
and loving thoughts. 

Submitted by J. D. Cowger, April of 1992 


The Cumberland County Historical Society was formed in 
November 1964. A group of people interested in the history of the 
county met at the Municipal Building with Frank Adams, then a 
teacher at the high school, as the leader and decided to become 
active in county study. The first few years meetings were held 
monthly at different parts of the county; Neoga, Toledo, Greenup, 
Jewett, Hazel Dell, and Union Center. Much information was 
gained from older residents of each section. Tours were made to 
different parts of the county, which resulted in the east and west 
becoming better acquainted (the county is 25 miles wide). One en- 
joyable day was a dinner and tour of the old Winnett Hotel before 
it was razed. 

The Historical Society collected items for a museum and has a 
very interesting museum in the basement of the city library. 

In 1973 the Society succeeded in buying the old depot and 
moved it to Haughton Park. In 1976 a Bicentennial Grant was 
secured to help with the expenses of restoring the old structure. 

There is also a museum at the depot. 

The following is a list of some of the charter members of the 
Cumberland County Historical Society: Elizabeth Bowman, Ber- 
die Bensley, Ellen Decker, Estaline Miller, Allen Cutright, Joan 
Easton, Bill and Shirley Easton, Alfrieda Kingery, Frank Adams, 
Grace Haven, Mary Holt, Mary Louise Walk, Grace Cutright, 
Blanche Icenogle, Violet McClandish, Martha Hayden, and Olive 
Holsapple. Other more recent members include Lela and Marion 
Underwood, Ina Dillier, Mary Holt, Leonora Sperry, Edith Glenn, 
Wayne Sidwell, Thursa Lyons, Dorothy Albert (current president), 
John D. Cowger, Vivian DeMoss, Bobbie Goodman, Helen 
Hayden, Pat Hayden, Millie Lee Gentry Lindsay, Marie Tiemann, 
Andrew Tiemann, Waneta Catey, Graciela Wison, Patsy Sanders, 
Laverna Thomas, Verna Titus, Judy Timm, Helen Orndorff, 
Leonora Sperry, Isa Winnett, Edith Allison, and Lena Sherrick 
were also charter members, as were Judy Wilson and probably 
Paul Carr. Lucille Carr is also a recent new member. 


The Part It Plays In Our Lives 

I always wondered how our river received the name EMBAR- 
RASS and then I was intrigued by the (quote) "degenerated" 
French pronunciation Ambraw. 

How did the French come in contact with the river? They used 
the Kaskaskia-Detroit Trace as they went from St. Louis to Dan- 
ville. This trace bisected the counties of Randolph, Washington, 
Effingham, Cumberland, Coles, Edgar and Vermillion — or could 
the French have used the Federal Trace along the east coast - or 
Nashville Trace? We find French names near the southern ex- 
tremity of Illinois, the Bonpas Creek (now called Bumpus) is in 
Edward County, also there is a Fort Massac. (Massac was the 
Minister of the Marine for France.) 

The Embarrass reals in eastern Illinois and flows in a general 
southerly direction. It is 185 miles long and enters the Wabash 
River about seven miles west of Vincennes. The stream rises three 
or four miles northeast of Tolono, Illinois, in Champaign County, 
about nine miles from the eastern line. From this point it flows, 
save one or two abrupt and somewhat extensive bends, directly to 
Greenup and then bearing to the southeast 12 miles from the 
eastern line. Its branches are Crooked Creek, Range Creek, Lost 
Creek and Hurricane Creek. Rivers of any considerable size seem 
to have been avoided by traffic although smaller streams were 
crossed. Salt Creek and the upper waters of the Embarrass were 
most important. 

The earlier sites chosen for the frontier cabins were among the 
high points of timber that skirted these streams. The timber was 
oak, hickory, beech, poplar, black and white walnut, maple, 
linden, cherry, locust and red birch, etc. The prairies at that time 
were covered with joint grass - sometimes reaching the height of 
ten or twelve feet. In 1817 there was a trace across the prairies but 
to ride that along was then thought to be a perilous affair. Two 
years later was still considered perilous to travel the route alone, 
the danger appeared then to have been less from Indians than 
from the white men. There were at that time some six or more 
road houses along the way between the Embarrass River on the 
east and the Kaskaskia on the west, the limit of settlements. 

1764-1774 — there seemed to be trickles of population to Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. After the War of 1812, pioneers used the 
Cumberland Road and traces and rivers to go west. In Illinois, 
people came from North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, 
Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, even some from New 
England. In 1818 steamboats provided faster contact with the 

world but were too expensive for most immigrants who usually 
floated down the Ohio to reach Illinois. For years keel boats car- 
ried the bulk of the heavy freight on the big rivers, and in high 
water season they navigated the lesser streams as the Embarrass, 
Little Wabash, and Big Muddy Rivers, as well as some creeks. 
Large flat boats were constructed, laden with grain and pork and 
then floated to New Orleans. The Embarrass River was available 
for this purpose. Along its lower length and under supposition 
that it could be used in Jasper County, and Coles County. The 
legislature passed an act in 1847 authorizing these counties to 
levy a tax for clearing out the driftwood and other obstructions 
from the channels and banks. The only important bridge in the 
county until 1860 was the bridge on the National Road. This was 
built across the Embarrass by the government about 1832 and was 
a "good specimen of workmanship, skill and patience." The 
constant wear of travel and weather reduced it to a wreck in about 
30 years. It's final destruction was about 1865. 

The river was often used as a boundary line. In 1818 Crawford, 
the largest county in Illinois, included the northeast part of the 
state, east of the third principal meridian and north of a line 
cutting across modern Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence 
County - 18 miles above the baseline, to the Embarrass River and 
downstream to the Wabash. In this area, of over 200,000 square 
miles, there was living 2,839 people according to the reported cen- 
sus of 1818 - the other censuses showed a larger population. 

Until about 1825 the Indians were in full possession of the 
territory of Cumberland County. In 1832 the Black Hawk War 
diminished their population. The Kickapoo tribes furnished the 
larger part of those who had homes in this region. They had 
villages on the " old Perry Place," according to Lenora Sperry 
this was west of Grandpa Pete Bowman's place, over the hill and 
north about one-fourth mile. That road is closed now - near Bright 
Cemetery. There were villages further up the Embarrass. In 1763 
this tribe occupied the county southwest of the south end of Lake 
Michigan (but on the removal of the lUini the Kickapoos went 
southward). They were more civilized, industrious, energetic and 
cleanly, more than neighboring tribes. They claimed relationship 
with the Pottawatomies and perhaps the Sacs, Fox and Shawnee. 
They maintained their hostihty to the whites and friendly tribes to 
the last. Father Jeusitis told me he had done research while living 
in Greenup and was amazed how many families in Greenup area 
could trace their ancestry to the Indians. 

Lena Sherrick told me that along the Embarrass, south of 
Greenup (Sherrick farm) was the Indian camping grounds. Many 
artifacts have been found there as well as north of Greenup. The 
late Paul Carr told me that north along this river seemed to be a 
war zone according to the Indian relics he had collected in the 
river bottom lands. As late as 1980 an Indian scraper was found 
on the Sherrick farm. 

In the 1700s Clark and his men were 12 days out of Kaskaskia. 
They had reached the swollen Embarrass River with the wide 
flood of the Wabash beyond it - probably four or five miles south 
of Lawrenceville. Nine miles away through wet woods, and over 
desolate waters rose the log walls of Fort Vincennes. Some days 
brought only driving rain and one deer provided the only food. A 
week was required to cross the remaining distance. They waded 
knee-deep, through the drowned Embarrass bottoms. They found 
a small swampy hillock in the middle of the flooding waters. Here 
amid a constant drizzle soaking them to the skin, they huddled 
closely together for the night, shivering from the cold - without 
food nor fire, and with all this these few men were victorious. 

The deposit of the alluvial bottoms of this river and the 
tributaries are gravely and hard pan which increases in depth 
northward, a bed of potter's clay of fair quality is found near the 
vicinity of Greenup - from four to six feet in thickness, from which 
some stoneware has been made. A record of a bore made just 
north of Greenup in 1866 for oil was as follows; I. Shale - 51 feet. 
2. Sandstone - 11 feet. 3. Sole - 102 feet. 4. Black Bituminous and 
gray shale - 17 feet. 5. Very hard rock (limestone shale) five feet. 6. 
Gray shale and sandstone - 69 feet. 7. White sandstone and shale - 
45 feet. 8. Sandstone - 35 feet. 

The best building stone within the county was south and 
southwest of Jewett station and the quarries in the vicinity of 
Greenup in the bluffs of the Embarrass. It is a hard gray 
micaleous, sandstone that stands exposure well, and may be relied 
upon for bridge abutments and culverts. Fusulina limestone fur- 
nishes fair quality for rough walls. 

It is probable that John Tully was the original pioneer in what 
is now Cumberland County. In 1828 he moved to the site of 
Johnstown. In the fall of 1829 a settlement was formed near the 
Embarrass near Sconce Bend. (The river flows north at this point.) 
In December of 1829 James Gill and wife erected a pole cabin 
near Ryan Ford. In 1830 there was a strong settlement on the up- 
per part of the Embarrass, and not a cabin along the projected 
National Road. Henson Bright was an early settler on the river, 
between Sconce Bend and Greenup. Henry Neese settled near a 
ford that bears his name. In 1833 Ira B. Rose secured land just 
west of the village of Greenup today, and in November 1833 laid 
out the village of Embarrass. It continued sometimes "jocosely" 
called Roseville or Natchez Under the Hill. At one time it had a 
store, saloon, and the first tavern "conducted" by a woman. In 
1834 Joseph Barbour caused the village of Greenup to be platted. 
Greenup and Jewett were considered a "smart village" in 1837. 

In 1866 the charter was granted to Reuben Mattox to establish 
a ferry at the point where the Cumberland Road crosses the river. 
It passed into the hands of Abe Parker, Samuel Cisney and Hen- 
son Bright. Charles Conzet Jr. and William Workman established 
a ferry at the point where the Charleston-Greenup road crossed 
the river in 1865. Then Sam Cisney and Charles Allen took over in 
1871. Cleghorn after Workman died in 1871. After that, John 
Hallett could make the boat "glide" with his physical power. A 
ferry was still used for two months in the year 1884, on the water 
which was between Greenup and Toledo. (1876 Brashor and A. 
Parker had a ferry north of Greenup). Lenora Sperry had a ruler 
made from wood taken from the bridge built in 1832. (Mark 
Sperry obtained it.) 

Harriett Chapman said she often heard her father, Dennis 
Hanks, speak of crossing the Embarrass River at Greenup, Il- 
linois, and that afterwards he worked on a bridge at that point. 
T.B. Shoaff said that Dennis Hanks, Thomas Lincoln and 
Abraham Lincoln worked on the National Road bridge across the 
Embarrass at Greenup in 1832. 

Harriett Chapman was 86 in 1929. Lucinda Chaney said there 
was a ford later - little to the east a ferry, and later a bridge where 
Toledo and Greenup bridge is now located. At this time, the 
Palestine Road made contact with the river. (Ohio Street in 
Greenup is part of that road). In later years when A. Lincoln was a 
lav^yer in Greenup to try the Luster case, Linder Nelson, Fricklin, 
Lincoln, Kitchell and S.A. Douglas and two others went swimming 
in the Embarrass, due to excessive heat. Some carved their initials 
in the shale that supported the bridge and A. Lincoln was one. 

In the 1920 and 30s many young men went swimming where the 
I.e. bridge was located. I remember hearing about a boy from 
Casey, Illinois, diving from the bridge and died. The depth of the 
water was unknown to many. The Bowman Ford north of the 
Toledo bridge was a "swimming hole" in the 1920s and 1930s. 
My family and friends took picnic lunches to the sandbar just west 
of the Greenup-Toledo bridge. 

Embarrass River flood waters under the river bridge north of 
Greenup • June , 1957. 

As told by Lena Sherrick, a Finn boy drowned at the Penn R.R. 
bridge. There was a place on the river called Haga Hole because a 
man by the name of Haga drowned there. At one time several girls 
from Hazel Dell would come to swim near Sherrick's farm and 
Connie Sherrick saved a life of one of them. Often there would be 
75 or more come from Casey and Jewett to swim. Lena and family 
took a boat trip down the Embarrass and it took three hours from 
Greenup to Sherrick's farm. Due to the trash in the river several 
portages were made. Often a community fish fry would be held on 
the Fourth of July by Walla Walla (originally Wapuck, Indian 
name). Many fished and camped in the river bottom and hunted 
Indian relics. The resources of sandbars and gravel were used for 
soil improvement. Gravel was used for local building purposes. 
The rich silt was taken to enrich flower beds. The valley soil at one 
time was premium in value. As we know the dam at Charleston 
was built to relieve the flooding situation and as an aid for 
Charleston's water supply. 

In 1986 through pressure from some Greenup citizens we had 
the chemical abuse removed and the Embarrass flowing past the 
"Fairground Hill," going south, was relieved of the unclean 

Quote: John Cowger 

"The Illinois Department of Conservation informed John 
several years ago that the Embarrass is the only river in Illinois to 
have flowed regularly down the same channel bed for the past one 
million years." 

Quote: Albert Wilson - June 1988 

"Embarrass River, not an incident name but is derived from 
the literal meaning of a word in French and indicates an em- 

barred stream that is one that was blocked by fallen and floating 

October 1987 when an oil company was replacing their pipeline 
some bones were found that were believed to be dinosaur bones. 
Digging began and oil line work was suspended until December of 
the "same year. 

Submitted by Elizabeth (Betty) Bowman 


Near Jewett, Cumberland County, Illinois 

The Derrickson (Derixson) families and the Robinson family 
have been written about in my coverage of this article and the 
Estell name was also prominent in this small community. In an ar- 
ticle published in the Greenup Press, dated January 16, 1898, 
says: "John W. Estrell (colored) had a child who died from in- 
juries received from scaulding." The spelling of the name is prob- 
ably a misprint since the ESTELL families were already in the 

Jake and Fannie Estell were residents of the small community 
southwest of Jewett. Jake bought ten acres of land and built a 
house there. Some of their children were born there and he 
formed the first Negro church. Services were held out in the open, 
in good weather, under a grove of trees adjoining his home. Many 
of his neighbors, both black and white, would attend these church 
services. Fannie Estell was born in 1851 and died in 1911. She is 
buried in the Bedford Cemetery in Jasper County. Other Estells 
were Charles, who at a later date moved about one mile southwest 
of Lerna. He worked for John Snowdon and lived to be quite old. 
He died in 1968. There were Bill and Laura Estell, Maude Estell, 
Bill's sister, and it seems that Jake Estell had been married before 
because Bertha and Carrie Estell were half sisters to Maude. 
There was Meg Estell who married first, a Ferguson, and had a 
daughter, Mary. Both her husband and daughter died and Mary 
is buried in the little cemetery in that settlement. Meg married 
again to James Brown. George and Jane Estell, whose son, 
Charlie, was one of the children also buried in the Ferguson 

There was also Ed Brown, a very able-bodied person whose love 
was horses, who moved from the Jewett area and settled in Cof- 
feyville, northwest of Janesville. He worked his lifetime with race 
horses and was well known in that profession among his peers. Ed 
never married and died in the late 1940s. He is buried in the 
Mount Tabor Cemetery near Charleston in Coles County. 

Mr. Ferguson was the last one to leave the community. He lived 
in a log cabin along Muddy Creek and was a familiar sight to 
many of the farmers in the area. He would often work for them 
and would visit with the Ben Shafer family regularly. As the years 
passed, he became ill and it is thought he moved to Indianapolis 
to be with his daughter. Some members of the family are buried in 
the Toledo Cemetery. 

The children in the settlement attended classes at the Jewett 
Grade School and Mrs. Ben Shafer had a picture of this school 
with two of the Derrickson sisters in it. 

The little cemetery was named the Ferguson Cemetery and for 
what reason, no one knows. Perhaps they were the first to settle 
here or perhaps little Mary Ferguson was the first one to be 
buried there. We could find no definite dates the children died, 
but it is located in Woodbury Township, one mile southwest of the 
Jewett Cemetery, and off on the left-hand side to the Muddy 
Creek hilltop. This was eventually the Alumbaugh land, but in 
1936, Will and Amy Hill purchased it from the Alumbaugh family. 
At that time, the graves were marked only with large boulders and 
located in a pasture where at one time a strong picket fence had 
been built around it, but that has either fallen down and rotted 
away or it had been taken down. 

Their cabins were thought to have been built fairly close 
together and in 1968, the remains of such dwellings which may 
have been their homes was located a little distance southwest of 
the cemetery on top of Muddy Hill. 

By 1910, all were gone from the little community except the six 
or seven children who are buried there, probably between 1880 
and 1905. Note: Some of the Derrickson/Derixson children are in 
a school picture in the school section of this book, after they 
moved to Jasper County. 

Submitted by Millie Gentry Lindsay 


In the beginning, the families of Derrickson, Derixson, Robin- 
son, Brown, Estel, and Ferguson were living in the states of 
Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky. They left their home for 
several different reasons, but all were looking for a better life for 
their families when they reached Cumberland County. 

In an interview with a granddaughter of Jeff Derrickson re- 
cently, I was given some information on that family and their 
journey through Kentucky, Indiana, and finally the Toledo-Jewett 
area in Cumberland County. 

Her great-grandfather, Elijah Jefferson Derrickson, and a 
brother, Charles, both "free-born" Africans, migrated from up- 
per New York state to Kentucky in the early 1800s. Elijah was over 
six feet tall, completely free of any body hair, and ebony black. 

After reaching Kentucky, they stopped on, or near, a plantation 
on the Ohio River. The plantation was named after its Scotch- 
Irish owner, whose name was Camdon*. He had red hair and was 
a kind-hearted man who treated his slaves well. He had a special 

interest in one of his slave girls and took her as his mistress. As a 
result, a little girl with beautiful red hair was born. She was a 
small built, delicate child and stood barely five feet tall when she 
was full grown. Even though she was the daughter of the planta- 
tion owner, she was still his slave and was treated as such. 

When Elijah saw this beautiful girl, he fell in love with her and 
asked Mr. Camdon if he could buy her for 8200 by working for 
him until the debt was paid. It was agreed, but it took a long time 
and meanwhile, the couple had three sons, Jobe, born July 24, 
1846; William Jefferson "Jeff," born September 9, 1854; and 
John, who were all born into slavery. When the time finally came 
that Elijah had worked off his debt for his wife, he took her out of 
slavery and moved to Indiana, leaving the boys behind. The 
mother never fully recovered from the separation away from her 
children, but she had no choice since the boys were still the slaves 
of Mr. Camdon. 

•Mr. Camdon was as near ihe right name as could be thought of as the name of 
the plantation owner. If it wasn't Camdon, it was something similar. 

The Sarvis Hill School, located nine miles northwest of Newton, 1909. Front 
row: Delia and Stella Derrickson (the twin daughters of Jeff and Anna Derrickson), 
Nellie Waltz, Etfic Foltz, Grace Clark, Hester Sappcnfield. 

Second row: Goldie Ridgeway, Goldie Kibler, Edgar McDaniel, Leo Gosnell, 
Vasco Clark, Rosco Derrickson (son of Jeff and Anna), Eddie Clark, John Brenn- 

Third row: Ruth Derrickson (daughter of Jeff and Anna), Frank McDaniel, Elza 

It was told to the families down through the generations that 
Elijah was a cruel man and treated his family badly. He was mean 
to his wife and didn't suffer the pain of not having his children 
nearly as much as she did. 

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Jobe, who was 15, and 
Jeff, age seven, ran away from the plantation to try to find their 
parents. John, the youngest, was too small for them to take with 
them and had to be left behind. The two boys found a herd of buf- 
falo migrating to the Ohio River and hid among them and trav- 
eled as the herd moved until they reached safety. 

Knowing their parents were in Indiana, but no more than that, 
they searched for a long time before they finally found them. The 
reunion was sadly a short-lived one, for soon after the boys found 
their mother, she died, leaving them with an abusive father. Their 
mother had never been happy after leaving her slave home and 
family and not knowing if she would ever see her baby again took 
away her will to live. 

Elijah remarried, but the second wife didn't live very long 
either. There had always been friction between the two boys and 
their father and when Jeff married Anna Walden, an Indian girl, 
Elijah was very much against the marriage. He didn't want an In- 
dian to be the mother of his grandchildren and treated Anna very 
badly. In an effort to defend his wife, Jeff, being a large man in 
stature like his father, but having the red hair of his mother, stood 
up to this abusive man which resulted in a terrible fight. Jeff was 
armed with a knife and cut his father quite seriously. He ran to 
the home of his brother-in-law and explained what had happened. 
His wife's family hid him in a haystack all winter, feeding him and 
keeping him warm. In the meantime, they were also helping Eli- 
jah nurse his injuries and as soon as he was well enough to travel, 
he left for the Crawfordsville, Indiana, area. 

As time passed, they came together again, but Elijah was so 
hateful and abusive to Anna, that the family "story" goes, she 
finally had to kill him in self defense by cutting his head off. 
Although this story was never confirmed, it wasn't long after this 
happened, Jeff, feeling kind of "skiddish" about the law, moved 
his family to Illinois and into Cumberland County near Toledo. 

They had two children when they came here, a daughter. 

Clark, Omer McDaniel, Oma Clark, Clarissa McDaniel, Eva Clark, Lissie Gosnell, 
Anna Ridgeway, Virgil Shumard, Sam Derixson (son of Jobe and Mary Derixson), 

Fourth row: Ralph McDaniel, "Lizzie" Elizabeth Derrickson (daughter of Jeff 
and Anna), Alva Foltz, Lucy Ridgeway, Ethel Clark, Lizzie Shumard (teacher), Iva 
Clark, Bessie Clark, Howard McDaniel. 

This picture is owned by Bessie Clark Allen. 

Agnes, and a son, Olin. Jeff worked as a caretaker at the court- 
house, planting trees and taking care of the lawn and also worked 
as janitor inside the building. He worked hard and was well liked 
and became friends with Pete Lovins, a local business man who 
owned a loan company, located behind the bank. 

Jeff, like so many other people had to use the services of Mr. 
Lovins' loan company one time and was unable to pay the loan 
when it was due, so to help him out of a difficult situation, Mr. 
Lovins hired him to clear some trees off the property belonging to 
Mr. Lineberry, west of Toledo, where Pete built a small house. 

Jeff and Anna stayed in the Toledo area for three or four years 
during which time more of their children were born. Besides 
Agnes and Olin, their daughter, Dora, was born March 13, 1885, 
and was married in Jewett, Illinois, on December 27, 1903, to 
William James Estel, born in Camargo, Illinois, on March 16, 
1882. Other children: William Jefferson (died at birth) and is 
buried in the Ferguson Cemetery, southwest of Jewett. Then Ber- 
tha, John, born 1890 and died 1912, Elza, died at age 94 on his 
birthday, Elizabeth, Ruth, Rosco, Stella and Delia (twins) who 
were only infants when their mother died at age 41. 

When Jeff moved his family to Jasper County, he had heard the 
government was offering "an acre for an acre" to anyone who 
would clear and work the land. He moved to the bottom land 
about five miles west of Falmouth, Illinois, built a house, dug a 
well and built a smoke house (which is still standing). He then 
moved about one-quarter mile up to the top of a hill where he 
built another house, a very large barn (which is still standing) put 
together with wooden pegs. He eventually owned several acres of 
land and lived out his life there making a living as a farmer. 
William Jefferson "Jeff Derrickson died at age 70, March 28, 
1928. His wife, Anna (Walden) Derrickson, born February 25, 
1861, and died July 2, 1902. They are both buried at the Redford 
Cemetery in Jasper County. As a footnote to Jeff and Anna's 
story, there were names of children buried in the Ferguson 
Cemetery and one name was "Derrickson, Jobe, son of Jefferson 
and Anna" which was not mentioned before. 

Jobe, the oldest of the two boys, left Indiana from the Terre 
Haute area after he married Mary E. "Moll" Roberts who was of 

This page sponsored by Eats and Treats - Toledo, Illinois 

white and black descent also. They settled in Cumberland County 
southwest of Jewett where they lived for a few years and were 
parents of several children, some of whom are Art, Nell, Jasper, 
Pearl, Cathrine (whose nickname was "Cad"), Fred, and Sam. 

Jobe and his brother, Jeff, were always competitive and seemed 
to bicker a lot. It wasn't surprising then when Jobe decided to 
change the spelling of his last name to "Derixson." He told his 
children they were of French nationality (which might have been 
partially true since their mother was half white). One version of 
the reason for the name change is he thought his brother, Jeff, 
was getting his mail and he didn't want him knowing his business. 
Neither Jobe nor Jeff could read or write and depended on their 
children to help them with correspondence. 

Jobe was a cantankerous old fellow and was known for his bad 
language. He tried to teach himself to read by trying to "cypher 
the Bible." His family would watch him and in his frustration 
would say things like, "By gad, I just don't think that's right." 
They thought he was kind of defeating his purpose, trying to read 
the Bible, then cussing it! 

After living southwest of Jewett for a few years and knowing his 
brother, Jeff, had moved to Jasper County, Jobe, too, made the 
move and settled on a farm close to his brother. Jobe lived out his 
life there, too, and was 85 years old when he died in October 1931. 
His wife, Mary "Moll," was 95 years old when she died in 
February 1941. They, along with some of their children, are 
buried in the Diel Cemetery near Gila, Illinois. Three of their 
children whose names were not mentioned before are buried there 
also. They are Carrie E., 1879-1880, Johnny A., 1891-1891, Flora 
A., 1874-1887. 

Their daughter, "Cad," was the last one to live on the old home 
place. After she left, the house burned as did the homes of several 
Negro families in that area. It seems as soon as the occupants 
would either move or die, the houses would mysteriously burn. 

Some of Jobe's descendants still live in Jasper and Coles coun- 


The grave of Jobe Derixson 
in the Gila Cemetery. 

S£t^<«iii.t& ■ 


The grave of Mary E. 
Derixson, wife of Jobe. 

ties. Sam, one of his sons, was 79 years old when he died, June 6, 
1966. While talking to one of Sam's children, William "Bill" 
Derixson, he gave his version of the reason for the changing of the 
spelling of the last name. He was told that a son of either Jeff or 
Jobe was getting a bad name for not paying his debts and that 
made the rest of the family look bad, so Jobe changed it. 

Jobe and Jeffs brother, John, who had to be left behind on the 
plantation in Kentucky, was kept there and raised by the "old 
master." John eventually married and was the father of two 
daughters which the "old master" took care of and made sure 
they received an education. They both became teachers and 
taught "among the blacks down there." Once, when they were 
young girls, they made a trip to IlHnois to see their Uncles Jobe 
and Jeff, but they never came back again. 

Submitted by Millie Gentry Lindsay 


The Mineral Well was discovered around 1866 by one of 
Greenup's early pioneer settlers, Lemuel Leggett. He was pros- 
pecting for oil at the time and contributed much time and money 
to the digging of the Mineral Well. In a century, the property 
came full circle back to his heirs. 

The site of the springs and its adjoining properties is due east 
of the Embarrass River bridge on Route 121 and runs parallel on 
the south of new 1-70. 

In 1890, Mr. Katzenbach, his son, Arthur, and a group of in- 
terested Terre Haute capitalists took charge and began making 
improvements. Within two months they were shipping 500 jugs 
daily and had several barrels sent in, filled, and shipped by 
railroad in all directions. 

By spring, upwards of 400 persons were visiting the site on Sun- 
day afternoons. On the last day of school a grand picnic was held 
by 260 pupils, teachers and parents. Excursions from Terre Haute 
and all points in between were being conducted on the Vandalia 
Railroad. Round trip fare to Greenup and back was 90 cents. 

In 1891, Mr. Katzenbach formed a company with Chicago 
capitalist and was named "Columbia Water." Analysis made by 
Professor William Noyes and R. W. Conzet of Greenup, con- 
sulting chemist, showed that it was valuable in the treatment of 

various disorders. 

George Dillier, whose father had purchased Leggett land sur- 
rounding the springs, married Lemuel Leggett's granddaughter, 
Lucille, in 1911. Mr. Dillier was employed by the company and the 
couple took up residence there. 

At one time the site was endorsed by the National American 
Legion as the location for a U. S. Government Veterans' Hospital. 
Testimony in letters dated betwen 1891 and 1915 as to the 
medicinal qualities and curative powers and purity was given by 
chemist and physicians from Indianapolis, Terre Haute, Casey, 
Effingham, and Greenup. Area physicians endorsed and used it in 
their practice. 

The hospital never materialized nor is the Mineral Well 
Springs known to have made any fortune for its owners, but leaves 
a wealth of unmatched memories by all who recall the days when 
carnivals were held, first balloon ascension held in Greenup as 
part of entertainment once common to the locals. 

The Mineral Well is no more, but memories remain for all of us 
who remember the water, the hillside flowers and swinging on the 
grapevine swings. Those were the "carefree" days of youth. How 
pleasant to recall — do you remember??? 

Submitted by Ina Dillier 


In the early history of Cumberland County, the prevailing fam- whiskey. Many families would have a jug containing this concoc 

ily remedy or cure-all for the shakes, ague, chills, fever, malaria, 
milk sickness and other ailments was roots, barks, berries and 

tion and all members of the family were given a swig each morn- 
ing, the old man usually partaking of a double swig. No doubt the 

This page sponsored by Stuarts IGA Store, Toledo, Illinois 

only benefit received was the stimulation the whiskey provided, 
but many believed in it. 

Physicians were few and located at distant points, but if this 
had not been the case, the settlers did not have the money to 
employ them for every recurrence of the familiar illnesses. For- 
tunately, along came the old-time doctor with his quinine, dovers 
powders, squills, paragaric, castor oil, blue mass pills and a vari- 
ety of poultices. There were also in all communities one or more 
women who practiced as mid-wives at childbirth and usually 
without receiving any pay for their services. 

The first doctor coming to Prairie City (Toledo) was Dr. Lewis 
Brookhart, who came in 1855. Other doctors in Toledo were John 
W. Lee, J. H. Yanaway, John Chapman, Mintor, Edward Miles, 
Joseph Eskridge, W. W. Park, A. J. Reeves, D. C. Chambers, R. G. 
Megath, Robert Bloomfield, G. E. Lyons, Virgil Carter, McCarthy, 
Hershel Donivan, Charles R. Bird, R. F. Stephens, William Smith, 
F. M. Brayshaw, M. M. Brayshaw, Supple, W. R. Rhodes, and 
David Boyce and Dr. Phillippi. The current doctors in Toledo are 
Dr. Lowell E. Massie, Dr. L. E. McNeill and Dr. Robert J. 

Two early doctors in Greenup were Dr. Harrison Rodebaugh 
and his wife, Mary Good Rodebaugh. Other doctors in Greenup 
were Jonathan ShuU, Lafayette Mintor, J. W. Goodwin, Samuel 

W. Quinn, N. G. James, W. L. Lechrone, W. Frank Wetty, An- 
thony Goodwin, James Ewart, Richard Colliver, C. J. Duncan, A. 
J. Peters, C. J. Hancock, C. G. Cochran, F. A. Fisher, Elver Gar- 
rison, C. M. Brown, N. J. Haughton, Joseph Miranti, N. J. Beck, 
and Laszlo Varju. Dr. Varju is still in Greenup. Some of the 
smaller towns had doctors in the earlier days of history. Hazel Dell 
had B. F. Little, Charles Cochran, J. F. Adams, W. E. Harris, and 
George Thoms. Diona had Franklin, Butler and O'Connor. Jewett 
had L. Downs, James, Myers, Mondy, Frisbie, Zobrist and Rawlins 
and his son, John Rawlins. 

The present doctor in Neoga is Dr. Robert F. Swengel. 

Roslyn had a doctor for maybe the shortest time and the most 
interesting history. See the article about Dr. John Bannerman on 
page 58 of the 1968 History Book. 

Some of the dentists in the county were Worthington, J. P. 
Jones, B. 0. Carlton, Meryn Ewart, Charles Goodwin, and Lewis 
Frazier. Current dentists are Dr. Gregory J. Dill, Dr. Kenneth L. 
Myracle, and Dr. Daniel J. Tylka. 

Early doctors are referred to in the 1968 History Book on the 
following pages: Hazel Dell, page four; Diona, page 13, Greenup, 
page 22; Jewett, page 32; Toledo (Prairie City), page 42 and 49; 
and Roslyn, page 58. There may be other references to them on 
other pages, also. 


The colloquial term "county farm" is the name which most 
people remember this farm. According to Mary Holt, 
"Cumberland County Old Folks Home" was written above the 
doorway. This land and what remains is located about four miles 
northeast of Toledo. This home was to keep the poor people of 
Cumberland County who could not survive on their own. 

Before the county farm came into existence the poor were cared 
for by a family in the neighborhood at the cost of the county com- 
missioners. In 1862, the board of supervisors bought 160 acres 
from George Moreland at the cost of 81900, situated in the nor- 
theast part of Sumpter Township, four miles from Toledo. On the 
land were a log barn and a house of part log and part frame which 
was used to house the tenants and paupers. In 1873, the log part 
of the house was abandoned and in 1873, a new seven-room 
building was erected at 81500 for the tenant and his family. In 
March of 1874, a frame building, two stories high, 40 by 18 feet 
with a wing 16 by 20 feet, was erected for the paupers. A frame 
structure replaced the log stable in 1875. In 1882 a house for the 
tenant was erected and the inmates lived in the old house of the 

The last poor house was erected in 1910 for both the paupers 
and tenants. It was a two-story red brick house about 30 by 60 
feet. The buildings at this time were a large frame barn, granary, 
hog barn, and storage building. A small building had been built to 
house a lady with tuberculosis. This farm consisted of 120 acres 
including tillable land, an apple orchard, and buildings. 

A tenant and his family lived on the poor farm caring for the 
paupers. The tenant furnished food for the paupers and the fuel 
for heating and cooking. The county furnished bedding, brooms, 
light fuel and washing powder. Before 1937 the tenant was paid 
by the month and farmed the ground with equipment furnished 
and the profit went to the county farm. After this time the tenant 
rented the land at 83.00 per acre, used his own equipment and 
kept the profit. In 1940 the tenant received 820 per month per 
pauper paid by the township which sent them. 

Each township sent its paupers, which were so declared in 
court, to this farm. The people might be physically handicapped, 
aged, left with no family, or unable to work. At this home they did 
small farm and household tasks according to their abilities. Living 

in this poor farm was looked down upon by other people so one 
would try to live by his own aid. 

This poor farm was of good usage until old age assistance and 
other aids came into existance. Now people were able to stay at 
home with the county's aid and the poor farm slowly lost its cause. 
On December 14, 1943, Clarence Oakley bought the 120 acres of 
the poor farm for 88400. The following year the house was 
destroyed because of the inability to rent, high taxes, and of no 
usage for the time. Now one can see some of the buildings left of 
the county farm but yet not see all the miseries which were felt by 
those who lived there. 

The above theme was written by Gail Carrell, February 5, 1971, 
for an English class. The county farm held special interest as her 
grandfather, Clarence Oakley, was the current owner. After his 
death, February 18, 1973, the county farm was left to his only 
child, Marjorie Louise Oakley Carrell, and her husband, Leo 
Edgar Carrell. The information in the theme was compiled from 
the Counties of Cumberland, Jasper, and Richland, Illinois, 
Historical and Biographical, II 1884 (see page 139) and personal 
interviews in 1971 by Gail Carrell with Estal Burton, Earl Gentry, 
Amy Gray, Mary Holt, Eva Lacy, Nora Clark, Chester Oakley, and 
Clarence Oakley. 

In 1992, Gail, now Gail Carrell Green, reviewed her 1971 inter- 
view notes and has additional information on the county farm 
history. Tenants of the farm were Joseph Cloud, 1893-1903; 
George and Mary Bennett Hurst; Sam and Luticia Snyder, 
1912-1918; Otis Carrell, 1920; Clemet Hill for one year; Jess H. 
Oakley, 1924 for about 12 years; Estal Burton, 1935-1940; Mortie 
and Amy Gray, 1940-1942; and Earl Gentry, 1943, the last tenant. 

Amy Gray, a tenant in 1940, recalled a lot about the life on the 
farm. There was no electricity but they had running water 
available by filling a large tank in the attic from the basement. 
The large house had 20 rooms, nine upstairs, nine downstairs, 
with one room off each porch, and a full basement. The basement 
had a kitchen, furnace room, coal room, pauper dining room, 
wash room, and storage for fruit, potatoes, and other food. The 
women slept on the main floor and the men upstairs. Each pauper 
had a separate room containing a bed, dresser, chair, rocking 
chair, and a window. The tenants' living room and bedrooms were 

This page sponsored by Toledo Pharmacy. William Nebel, R.P.H., owner 

"Cumberland County Farm" main house 

separate from the inmates on the first floor. Doctor Rhodes cared 
for the sick inmates. A large garden, grape harbor, berry patch, 
fruit trees, and livestock were cared for by the tenants to provide 
food for the inmates. The 1940 contract for the Gray's was for 120 
acres for 8360.00 rent. They were to take and board and care for 
all inmates for $20.00 per month per pauper. They cared for seven 
people at the most. 

Mrs. Eva Lacy recalled a brick m.ason from a Mattoon contrac- 
tor built the home in 1910. The dining hall had handmade log 
benches. The living room had a pot-belly stove, carpet on the 
floor, and few chairs. 

Earl Gentry recalled four inmates were left when they closed 
the home and they moved out the beginning of January. Forty 
tons of coal were used per year at $5.00 per ton to heat the home. 

Clarence and Chester Oakley recalled the house was torn down 
by hand to salvage materials which were in limited supply due to 
the war. DeKalb Seed Corn House bought the lumber and brick. 
The roof was slate. 

The cemetery is marked by a Potter's Field monument erected 
in 1965. There were approximately 40 buried there but no in- 
dividual stones or markers were placed as it was a disgrace to be 
buried as a pauper. A 1992 interview with Helen Gray, who lived 
as a neighbor to the farm, and Adelyn Oakley Titus, whose father, 
Jess Oakley, was a caretaker, recall Bill Jeffery, Jim Concanon, 
Basil Carrico, and "peg leg," a man with a wooden leg, were 
buried in the cemetery. 

A 1992 interview with Ruth Steed revealed more information. 
Her grandparent Joseph Cloud was caretaker in 1893-1903 and 
also her step-grandfather George Hurst was a caretaker. Ruth's 
mother used to tell stories of some fascinating people who resided 
there. One man was severely epileptic but had been a talented 
violinist, designer, and artist for a wall paper company in Ohio. 
There was a former school teacher who had mental problems but 
would help the children, both resident and pauper, with 

"Cumberland County Farm" barn 

homework. Some were ill, had mental problems, or severe 
disabilities, and had to have constant care. Other residents, who 
were able, helped look after those people. The women who could 
sew would knit stockings, mittens, and caps. Men, who were able, 
helped with farm chores, gardening, and with the livestock and 
chickens. It seemed to be quite a well managed facility. 

Mary Adelyn Oakley Titus was born at the poor farm while her 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Oakley, were caretakers. The follow- 
ing is from a copy of a newspaper. The Toledo Democrat, that 
Adelyn Titus had. "Page one, column four, critical, June 21, 1928, 
Jesse Oakley, county farm overseer, was injured by inmate of 
home. Jesse Oakley, overseer of county farm, is in critical condi- 
tion as the result of knife wounds inflicted by enraged inmate, Mr. 
Northway, Wednesday morning. Mrs. Oakley, wife of the overseer, 
went upstairs Wednesday morning to look after the bathroom 
which had been flooded for several days from the recent rains, 
due to a faulty roof. One of Mr. Northway's duties was to keep the 
bathroom scrubbed. Mrs. Oakley asked Northway if he had 
scrubbed it that morning and he replied that he had. She remark- 
ed it did not have the appearance of being scrubbed, whereupon 
he slapped her with such force that she fell over. Upon hearing his 
wife scream, Mr. Oakley rushed upstairs and he was seized by 
Northway when he entered the room. Taking Mr. Oakley by sur- 
prise, Northway stabbed him three times, once under the right 
arm, reaching the lung, in the thick shoulder muscle, and on the 
upper arm. Northway then returned to his room. Deputy Sheriff 
R. B. Oakley appeared upon the scene, took Northway into 
custody, and lodged him in the county jail. Mr. Oakley's condition 
is serious and for some time it seemed doubtful whether he would 
recover. At present he is suffering greatly from the wounds, but is 
doing as well as could be expected." 

For more information about the cemetery, see page 201 in the 
1968 book and another photo on page 256 of the 1968 book. 

Submitted by Gail Carrell Green 

My Uncle Mortie and Aunt Amy Gray, parents of my cousins 
and playmates, Marion and Raymond Gray, were one of the 
caretakers of the old county farm. My folks lived about one-half 
mile from there so it wasn't far for me to walk after school and my 
chores were done. I always enjoyed staying all night on Saturday, 
and in the summer. Uncle Mortie would always have a freezer of 
homemade ice cream along with Aunt Amy's blackberry cobbler. 
That in itself was enough to make a growing boy want to stick 
around, but it was a fun place to be for a youngster. 

Whatever Aunt Amy cooked for her family, everybody ate, in- 
cluding the ice cream and cobbler. One old fellow they called 




Frank, spoke with a German accent, and was usually happy but 
didn't talk much. At mealtime he would go to the basement where 
all the cooking and eating took place, and set the table for the 
meal with dishes kept in a cupboard near the dining area. Then 
he would go to the kitchen and carry all the big dishes of food to 
the table. After they all ate, he would clear the table, carry the ser- 
ving dishes to Aunt Amy, then fix a pan of dish water, wash, dry, 
and put the dishes back in the cupboard, then sweep up the area. 
His pleasure was keeping the yard mowed every week. He had an 
old reel-type push mower and kept the enormous yard looking like 
a golf course. He also kept the big horse watering tank pumped 

This page sponsored by Paul Huddleston 

full every day for the farm animals. He always seemed to keep 
busy but usually had time to spend with us boys. 

The third floor of the house was where the big old wooden 
water-holding tank was kept. It was connected to a gas operated 
pump, like they use on oil wells, to pump the water up to the 
holding tank from a deep well. They had a wooden measuring 
stick to keep track of the water level, and there was an old man by 
the name of Mr. Thornton, a resident there, who appointed 
himself the official water-tender! He was crippled with infantile 
paralysis on his left side, so his left hand was numb. When he 
would go to the basement to start the gas motor to start the pump, 
he would grab the spark plug with his left hand and we could see 
the sparks just fly. He would tease us boys by pretending to reach 
out to shock us, just to watch our reaction. When he wasn't tending 
to the water, his main interest was his collection of pocket wat- 
ches. He had two trunks in his room that held everything he own- 
ed, which wasn't much, except his watches. Right after lunch, 
which was around 11:30, he would hurry up to the second floor 
balcony and set there until he could hear the noon whistle blow in 
Toledo. He would check the time with the watch he always car- 
ried, then wait until the one o'clock whistle would blow in 
Greenup, then compare to see which one was fast or slow. Then he 
would go to his room and check the time on all his watches, wind 
them, and make any adjustments necessary. He enjoyed tinkering 
with his watches and was a good watch repair man too. He kept 
them in excellent running order. 

Uncle Mortie always had a big garden in the spring and took a 
lot of pride in it. One of the residents was a little old lady, I can't 
remember her name, but she asked Uncle Mortie if she could 
plant flowers around the garden. He said yes, and she spent a lot 
of time planting and caring for her flowers. When they were in 
bloom, they were just beautiful with all the different kinds and 
colors. She outlined that whole big garden and took a lot of pride 
in them too. She would go out every morning wearing a floppy old 
straw hat and work with her beautiful flowers. 

Every Saturday was shopping day and Uncle Mortie would go 
around to all the folks and take their order if they needed 
anything special from town. All the men would order tobacco in 
one form or another, chewing, smoking, or dipping, and enough 
to last all week. My uncle would go to Toledo to Smith and Con- 
nell grocery and buy enough of whatever was needed. Old Mr. 
Thornton, the water-tender man, always chewed tobacco, but 
every once in awhile he would order a sack of "North State" 
smoking tobacco. Uncle Mortie would question that, but Mr. 
Thornton would say he just liked to roll a smoke sometimes. We 
boys knew he was ordering it for us so we could sneak up there 
and have a smoke once in awhile. Just as soon as the tobacco was 
delivered, we would high-tail it upstairs to Mr. Thornton's room. 

Another thing I remember was that the men took care of their 
own rooms, so the ones that chewed usually put newspapers down 
under their spitoons to keep from making a mess on the floor. But 
there was one old fellow who was really odd. Even in the hottest 
weather, he would wear overshoes, coat, and cap with the earflaps 
down. He was not the cleanest man, and never bothered to do 
much to his room. He chewed tobacco but never put papers under 
his spitoon, and as he rocked in his chair, if he rocked in the right 
direction, he'd aim and spit. If he hit it, alright, and if he didn't, 
that was alright too. One day he was out in the yard with Uncle 
Mortie and said, "When is your wife going to come up and clean 
my room?" Uncle Mortie looked at him and said, "My wife ain't 
going to come up and clean your room, but when you decide to do 
it yourself, there's a scoop shovel and pitch fork out in the barn." 

From the first floor of the house to the second floor, there was a 
big winding stairway and when you got to the second floor it was 
like a junction, with a hall going to a wing on the east, one on the 
west, and one on the south. There was a big bathroom on each 
floor at one end of the hallway. From the big water holding tank 
in the attic, it was a free-flowing system to the lower floors. There 
was a hot water heater in each of the bathrooms that had to have a 
fire built in it to heat the water as it was needed. They used egg- 
size coal, wood, or cobs. 

On days the weather was bad, we boys would go visit from room 
to room with the guys. I think at the time there were four men up 
on the second floor. If the weather was good, we would go play 
around the barn or go fishing. There was a nice little creek 
running through the bottom ground. In the summertime two or 
three of the old men would go down there and catch some pretty 
nice bullheads. They would take them to the house and Aunt Amy 
would fry them up for supper. We just did things that boys did 
back then, we could get into plenty of trouble too. I remember this 
one old guy was smoking "Golden State" tobacco, or something 
like that so I asked for a smoke. I took a big puff of that stuff and 
nearly died! Man, that was wicked. I decided right then, I wasn't 
quite man enough for that brand! The old man got a big kick out 
of seeing me suffer. 

Uncle Mortie gave the haircuts around there. He even cut mine. 
Those old clippers sure would pull. He was self taught and did a 
good job. 

As a 14-year-old boy, I saw it as a comfortable way of life, with 
the freedom to do what they wanted in their old age. They had 
running water, a comfortable hot water heating system, and plen- 
ty of good food to eat. It seemed their living conditions were as 
good as anyone. I guess we will never know about that way of liv- 
ing again, but I sure enjoyed going there and visiting those peo- 

Submitted by Charles M. Gray 


The Sumpter Township Public Library is the oldest library in 
Cumberland County. The plans for the first library were drawn up 
in 1920 by a group of local citizens led by Mr. R. S. Mussett, 
former^rincipal of Toledo school. The library was maintained by 
donations of money, books and the help of Boy Scouts and the 
Parent Teachers Association. The first site of the library was in 
two rooms above what is now Gentry's Small Engine Repair, 
located on the north side of the Toledo square. It was operated by 
Joe Wisley. 

In the spring of 1923, a tax was voted by the people to maintain 
the library and the present site was purchased. The building was 
formerly the Missionary Baptist Church, but had been purchased 

by Mr. and Mrs. A. Armer for a millinery store. The first library 
board elected included Mrs. Florence Miller, president; Mrs. Nan- 
nie Rhodes, secretary; and Mrs. Edna Smith, Ben Willis, and B. C. 
Birdzell, directors. 

The first librarian was Miss Lura Parker. Delores Miller and 
Jezza Deppen also volunteered as librarians when there was no 
money for salaries. In 1933, Lura Parker passed away and was suc- 
ceeded by Marian Sligar, who resigned in 1936 and was succeeded 
by Eva Lacy, who resigned in 1942 and was succeeded by Bessie 
Johnson, present librarian. Mickie Carrell and Violet Stewart also 
worked in the library before Louise Shupe (Bessie's daughter) was 
hired as additional librarian in 1975. Since 1985, the library has 


This page sponsored by Parental Support Group of Cumberland County 

Built originally as a Baptist church in the 1890s, the pastor left town and the 
congregation disintegrated. Later it housed the millinery establishment of Mrs. A. 
Armer. It is now the Sumpter Township Public Library. 

been fortunate enough to have had the services of volunteer 
helpers: Tammy Stults, Cassandra Stewart, Violet Stewart, Chalis 
Fatten, and Bettie Magel. 

The library has seen many changes. In 1951, the east wing was 
added as a large reading room. Also, more books and better 
facilities were made possible. In 1954, the west room was remod- 
eled to maintain the library's holding of books which had grown 
considerably. In 1963, Sumpter library joined the Illinois State 
Library System and began service through Rolling Prairie In- 
terlibrary Service. In 1980, they purchased the lot directly south 
of the building and in 1985, they built a south wing onto the ex- 
isting structure to house the main office and increase shelf space 
for their holdings. 

Sumpter Township Library ■ 1992 

Presently, the Sumpter Township Library has holdings of more 
than 16,000 books, 75 periodicals annually, and is accumulating a 
collection of videotapes. Its board of directors include Elwin 
Miller (son of Mrs. Florence Miller, first board president), presi- 
dent; Victor Wilson, vice president; Tammy Stults, secretary- 
treasurer; and board members Violet Stewart, Mabel Collier, 
Nellie Massie, and Kenny Temple. Library services offered in- 
clude talking books, a literacy tutoring center, Rolling Prairie In- 
terlibrary loans, reference service, summer reading program for 
area children, once a month story hours, family literacy programs, 
a site for GED classes, and is genealogy center for the county. 


At one time the Illinois Central Railroad from Decatur, Illinois, 
to Evansville, Illinois, was the "way to travel." Trains would stop 
at Mattoon, Lerna, Janesville, Bradbury, Toledo, Greenup, 
Hidalgo, RoseHill, Newton and points south. When passenger ser- 
vice was discontinued only freight was shipped over this rail line, 
so three men, Dave Glenn of Greenup, Victor Burnett of Hazel 
Dell, and Charles Barkley of Yale, Illinois, got a charter and 
license to operate a bus line between Mattoon and Olney. The ser- 
vice began in 1938 and was known as the Cumberland Coaches. 

At first two charter buses ran daily from Mattoon to Olney, but 
when World War II broke out in 1941, due to gas rationing and 
no tires for their cars, people began to ride Cumberland Coaches 
in much greater numbers. The route was then extended to include 
Evansville, Indiana, with the cost of a round trip ticket set at 
81.65. A ticket could be bought in Toledo at the old Woollens 


A law was enacted in November 1942, in Cumberland County 
for care and treatment for persons afflicted with tuberculosis. 
Tuberculosis is a communicable disease and was widespread at 
the time. This board directed the program in hiring a county 
nurse and administering the tax funds provided by the Glackin 

According to past records, the first Cumberland County board 
meeting was held in Dr. L. E. Massie's office September 29, 1943. 
The next meeting was held in May 1945. The Sanatorium Board 
consisted of three members, one who was to be a licensed physi- 
cian and two county supervisors. 

Dr. L. E. Massie was appointed president and served as the 
medical director. R. W. Brooks, Greenup, and Victor Stewart, 
Toledo, were the first supervisors to serve. The supervisors alter- 

Drug Store or in Greenup at the Arnie Ozier Restaurant located 
on the south side of Main Street. 

W. E. Olmstead of Toledo First National Bank was treasurer of 
the line while in 1942, Lucille Cooley of the bank was named 
secretary. Joe Ghast, Wayne Moomaw, and Royal Burnett were 
the main drivers with Harry Tanner and Victor Burnett also driv- 
ing. In 1944, another charter bus was added because of rationing 
so that two or three-day trips out of state were offered by the line. 

After the war tires became plentiful and gas rationing ceased so 
there was a gradual decline in passengers until 1955 when the 
Cumberland Coaches were sold to Pat Thomas who ran a charter 
service. Later the buses were sold and the end of the small com- 
pany took place. 

Submitted by John "Bill" Mock 


nated terms on the board. They employed the first county nurse, 
Helen Bizik, May 1945. Patricia McCauley, R.N., was employed in 
October 1945 and resigned in 1946. The board was without a nurse 
until February 1947. Ila Wade (Bargamian), R.N., was employed 
in May 1947. She took a leave of absence to study. She returned in 
1948 and was employed until February 1951. Wilma Clark was 
employed as a secretary in 1948 and was secretary to the 
Sanatorium Board for 15 years. Dorothy Ware Massie Caramm 
was employed in January 1951, and retired in October 1951. Mrs. 
Vera Nickum, R.N., was employed in October 1951. The board 
allowed her to study public health at Peabody College, Nashville, 
Tennessee, for three months provided she stay as nurse for two 
years. At that time she wrote on a state board exam and became a 
certified public health nurse. She was the county nurse for 23 

This page sponsored by Sharon (Orndorfj) LeDuc 


years and resigned full-time September 1973. Then she worked 
eight to ten hours a week part-time with her daughter, Jean Ann 
Nickum Green, R.N., who was employed full-time September 
1973, and resigned September 1974. Rita Lepan was employed 
September 1974 to November 1975. In December 1975, Winona 
Saathoff, R.N., was employed as county nurse until the 
Sanatorium Board ceased to exist and a health department was 
formed. She then was employed at the Health Department for 15 
years. Alice Swim was secretary from 1963 and then was secretary 
in the Health Department when it was formed February 8, 1983. 
She was employed for 20 years total for both places. During the 
period from 1942 to 1960, tuberculosis was so widespread that as 
many as ten patients would be placed in T.B. Sanatorium at one 
time. These sanatoriums were in Springfield, Decatur, Danville, 
Urbana, and Mount Vernon, Illinois. The nurse visited these pa- 
tients about once a month and many times took some family 
members along to visit their relatives. All family members and all 
contacts had to be tested. The cost per day in a T.B. sanatorium 
then was 820 to 825 a day. The tax levy in the county was too low 
to pay for all the care so the board applied for state aid and the 
county received state aid for several years. Finally T.B. drugs 
were discovered and the nurse was able to give medicine to pa- 
tients in their homes and tuberculosis was getting under control. 

Polio was widespread during the '40s and '50s until the polio 
vaccine became available. There were 60 crippled children in the 
county at one time. These were due to polio. Birth defects and 
other clinics were held often for these and home calls and 
clinic appointments were necessary. These children's medical ex- 
penses were paid for through the state if the family financial state- 
ment was approved. 

Immunizations, school physicals, hearing and vision tests and 
other school health problems were carried on by the county nurse 
and secretary. In 1951, the nurse had 13 schools in the county. 

Later on the schools consolidated and there were five schools, 
Cumberland unit and Neoga unit. The nurse was paid and 
governed entirely by the Sanatorium Board. The tax money was 
earmarked only for tuberculosis. However, to work for schools and 
children, Cumberland School Board paid 8100 a month and 
Neoga School Board paid 875.00 a month into the Sanatorium 
Board for the service. The doctors helped with the school health 
for immunizations and usually 300 to 400 students received 
whatever. The doctors from Greenup were Dr. N. J. Haughton, 
Dr. Mirinti, Dr. Beck. Toledo area doctors were Dr. W. R. Rhodes, 
Dr. L. E. Massie, Dr. C. Supple, Dr. David Boyce and Dr. Leland 
McNeill, Doctors from the Neoga area were Dr. Bigler, Dr. J. Jem- 
sik. Dr. Dippold and Dr. Robert Swengel. 

In 1969, Phyllis Sowers, R.N., was employed as a full-time 
school nurse for Cumberland unit, also a nurse was employed for 
the Neoga unit. The T.B. nurse assisted these units until the 
mid-70s. After that the T.B. nurse mostly conducted T.B. testing 
for first-fifth-ninth grades and all school personnel. Also, follow- 
up on positive reactor with chest x-rays authorized and paid for by 
the T.B. tax. After the Health Department was formed, the T.B. 
nurse and the Sanatorium Board tax levy was terminated as of 
February 1983. 

During the '50s and '60s, many volunteers were needed to help 
the nurse and secretary with the programs. 

The Sanatorium Board with Dr. L. E. Massie, medical director, 
and alternating supervisors, governed the tax funds from 1942 un- 
til February 8, 1983, when the T.B. tax was discontinued and a 
county health department was formed at that time in February 
1983. 818,815.73 of Sanatorium Board tax was turned over to the 
county Public Health Department in Toledo. Dr. L. E. Massie 
served the Sanatorium Board 41 years volunteering his service 
and guidance as the medical director. 

Submitted by Vera Nickum, R. N. 


First row: Norris "Shorty" Ray, Kenneth Slarwalt, Ted Gray, Charlene Grose 
(Flood), Roy Starwalt, Isabelle "Izzy" Grose, Geraldine Starwall, Clema Starwalt, 
Walter Easton, Ervin Starwall. 

Second row: Mildred Gentry (Lindsay) a.k.a. Millie Lee, Alene Gentry (Pals- 

Gutmann), Wanda Gray (Dirks), Anita Sowers (Howard), Bob Ware, Frank 
Kingery, Sarah "Sissy" Carter, Lula Bersig, Clyde "Soupy" Reals, Glenn Gentry. 
Third row: Pauline Oakley (Galbreth), Verna Gentry, Louise Gentry, Joann Ray 
(Haney), Pete Strader, Thelma Ray, Myrtle Wilson (Strader). 


This page sponsored by John "Bill" Mock 

In the early 1940s, several Cumberland County residents 
formed an entertainment group called the "Cumberland County 
Barn Dance." They toured throughout Illinois to raise money for 
the Red Cross in an effort to help service men and women during 
World War II. The above group, plus many others, were together 
from 1942 until 1947. During this time, Verna and Glenn Gentry 
had four sons serving in the Pacific and Europe, Ted Gray had 

one son and Roy Starwalt had two sons. 

The group entertained at theatres, county fairs, festivals and 
benefits. At one of their shows, they shared the same stage with 
Patsy Montana, a very big star in the 1940s. They were always a 
hit wherever they played. 

Submitted by Millie Gentry Lindsay 


Cumberland County Life Center, Toledo, Illinois 

A "multi-purpose day facility for the well elderly" was the 
descriptive title of the Life Center of Cumberland County when it 
opened its doors to serve 2,175 eligible senior citizens on 
February 6, 1984. Designed to provide a variety of services for 
citizens 60 years and older, the Center has, without question, 
brightened the sunset years of hundreds of Cumberland County 

The original Peace Meal operation, which pre-dated the Life 
Center, was established in Cumberland County as a result of the 
federal Older Americans Act. For eight years, congregate Peace 
Meals were served at the First Christian Church in Toledo under 
the direction of Clara Speer. 

Then a dream evolved for expansion. A senior center was first 
researched and recommended by outreach personnel from Lake 
Land College who met with county community leaders at the 
Rainbow Cafe. A feasibility committee, chaired by Bill Mock, 
assessed the needs of seniors and sought assistance from the East 
Central Illinois Area Agency on Aging. A governing board, com- 
posed of representatives from all townships, was established. 
Under the enthusiastic leadership of Reverend William Lipp, 
pastor of the United Methodist Church in Toledo, this charter 
board spent many hours writing grants, selecting a site and ar- 
chitect Jim Upchurch and contractor Del Moncel, planning ser- 
vices, choosing staff and soliciting local funds. 

In the annals of the months of planning, names of several 
benefactors and volunteers appear over and over. At the risk of 
oversight, we should record some of these for recognition in this 

history book. Burnham Neal donated the grounds and his family 
home to be razed for the cause. Other visionaries were Vivian De 
Moss, Thelma Cutts, Richard Tinder, Bruce McCandlish, Olive 
Wilson, Wilma Thornton, James McKinney, Edsel Brown, Dan 
Boehmer, Dick Ebbert, Robert Carr, Mike Barkley, Lloyd and 
Mary St. John, Grace Miller, Robert Walters, Frank Rook, Lor- 
raine Neal, Carol Jo Fritts and many more who gave of 

The regional agency which administers the Older American Act 
has a high regard for the Life Center of Cumberland County. 
Among all the providers in its 16-county jurisdiction, this facility 
is one of the few "built from scratch" for services for the elderly. 
It has a history of efficiency and county-wide support that is 
remarkable. Under the leadership of administrators Jennifer Link 
Rutan and Mary Kuhn, the original mission has been sustained: 
to enrich the daily lives of older persons by providing activities 
which encourage independence, enhance dignity, maintain men- 
tal and physical health, social opportunities and continued in- 
volvement in the community. 

As speaker Agnes Voris pointed out at a commemorative dinner 
in 1987: "The total of all activities here in the Center has 
tenderized us. It has brought the people of Cumberland County 
together in a shared effort that has made us better people. We no 
longer need to fear growing old. Someone will be here to provide 
the support intended by those whose names appear on the bricks 
of our north wall. We are all beneficiaries." 

Submitted by Agnes Worland Voris 

The entrance marker at the Life Center was erected in honor of Fred R. and 
Violet (Butler) McCandlish by their children. 


A meeting was held in March 1982, by members of the 
Cumberland County Mental Health and Family Counseling 
Center. At this meeting, parents and others decided they wanted 
to help the developmentally handicapped and to do so by sharing 
experiences and providing whatever help they could to better the 
lives of the handicapped. 

In 1982, the group adopted by-laws and a constitution and the 
first board of directors were elected. They were Fred Pennington, 

president; Sandra Decker, vice president; Pat Hayden, treasurer; 
Evelyn Steele, secretary; Thelma Bline, Vivian Halett, Lou Ellen 
Connour, board members. In 1982, crafts were sold at the Toledo 
Fall Festival for our first fund-raising event and a Christmas party 
held for the handicpaped. 

In 1983, we went together with the Jaycees and held a Bike-a- 
thon to raise funds. We again raised money by selling grab bags 
and participated in the Fall Festival parade. We had an Easter 

This page sponsored by Birdie Bensley 

egg hunt at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Gentry at Neoga, Il- 
linois. We held our first Christmas bazaar and bake sale to raise 
funds for our Christmas party. 

In 1984, we sent our first athletes to the Special Olympics, held 
a raffle at the Fall Festival and had our first Halloween party. 

In 1985, we sent two residential campers to Camp New Hope for 
a week of camping fun. A pizza party was held and we had three 
weeks of Wednesday activities at the reservoir. 

In 1986, we finally became a not-for-profit organization. The 
group continued to hold bazaars and bake sales but moved them 
to the springtime. The group bought Special Olympic shirts for 
those who participated and the coaches. 

In 1988, the group bought T-shirts with our happy face logo on 

the front. 

The group has continued to give special holiday parties for the 
developmentally handicapped children and adults and their 
families. With the cooperation of other organizations and in- 
dividuals, we have raised funds to provide these continuing pro- 
grams. Our present officers and board members are Mary Lee 
Temple, president; Don Kimery, vice president; Evelyn Steele, 
treasurer; Nancy Lawhorn, temporary secretary; Homer Bahney, 
board member. 

Membership is open to everyone who is interested in the 
physically, mentally handicapped or learning disabled. Meetings 
are held monthly. New members are always welcome to come 
share experiences and to help with the many programs. 


The Tuberculosis Association formed in 1942 and was a 
volunteer association and worked by volunteers. They helped pay 
for the tuberculosis nurses to attend Illinois State Tuberculosis 
Association meetings. They helped buy educational materials and 
also helped support the x-ray screening by the state for the entire 
county. This association obtained their money through the sale of 
Christmas seals. The first Christmas seals were mailed out to 
county residents December 1, 1942. Martha Hayden, Greenup, Il- 
linois, was the first seal sale chairman. 

Luke A. Tippett was president of the association; Dr. John Jem- 
sik, vice president; Leroy Baker, second vice president; Geneva 
Neal, secretary; and C. M. Connour, treasurer. Lucille Cooley was 
appointed later on as treasurer and served for many years. Other 
seal sale chairmen over the years were Edith Glenn, Greenup, Il- 
linois; Jo Casstevens, Neoga, Illinois; Lora Ann Neal, Toledo, Il- 
linois; Rossine McFarling, Greenup, Illinois; Dorthy McDermott, 

Neoga, Illinois; Irma Kraft, Neoga. Most of the seal sale money 
collected went to the Illinois State Tuberculosis Association. The 
state association did the mobile x-ray bus screening which was 
held at many locations in the county. Usually 3,000 to 4,000 per- 
sons were x-rayed. 

A small amount of the seal sale money remained in the county 
to assist the Tuberculosis Sanitarium Board carry out the care 
and treatment for persons with tuberculosis. This program was 
carried out by Dr. L. E. Massie who served voluntarily with the 
T.B. nurses and secretaries until 1976 when the county associa- 
tion ceased to exist. 

Several county associations were grouped together and became 
the Area IV Cornbelt Association. At that time $1,400.35 was the 
balance left in the county association fund and this was turned 
over to the Area IV Cornbelt Association. 

Submitted by Vera Nickum, R.N., T.B. Nurse, 1970 


Returning to Cumberland County to become county nurse, one 
soon realized many needs were going unmet. Orientation to the 
job found seven tuberculosis patients in a variety of stages, so 
distribution of T.B. medication, transporting residents to T.B. 
clinic, scheduling annual chest x-rays and T.B. screening in the 
school system, made up the daily schedule. School immunization 
clinics took time and I'm certain many remember long lines of 
students awaiting the doctor to administer the shots. Vision and 
hearing screening in the schools took time also. 

Previous experience developing and directing a pilot program 
in Shelby and Moultrie counties to provide home health care for 
senior citizens and establishing screening clinics in remote rural 
areas allowed one to feel Cumberland County residents would 
benefit from similar programs. 

Consulting with the T.B. board, permission given to establish 
clinics in townships throughout the county, perhaps you, the 
reader, participated in the program. 

Lots of memories remain from crowding around the stove at 
Hickory Corner to keeping warm around the small heater at the 
Hazel Dell School and later moving to the grocery store there 
where benches at the front of the store had lots of fellows drinking 
coffee and always ready to carry in supplies and linger to chat for 
a while. 

Wherever I went throughout the county, friends were made and 
I soon learned we needed to provide more health care programs. 
Winter was never a problem, for a call to a road commissioner 
found them there to open the roads and keep them open. 

Soon flu vaccine was available through the Department of Ag- 
ing, allowing more people to benefit from vaccine, so we received 

more grants from the government. Home health began with many 
asking for assistance. Those days found me without the availabili- 
ty of a pharmacy in Toledo or Neoga, however, I will never forget 
all the wonderful people who made cancer pads and dressings, 
even special sizes, giving of their time and talents without a 
thought of being paid. Those were truly times of caring. 

Many hours of sharpening needles, washing syringes, wrapping 
in containers I created, and delivering them to Dr. Massie's office 
to place in the auto clave, a sterilization unit before the days of 
disposable syringes. 

State laws began to change, making it necessary for children to 
be immunized prior to entering school, so permission was given to 
allow me to administer the immunizations. I'll never forget the 
three-by-five cards I used to develop the first immunization 

Home health continued to grow, and I was able to learn, as well 
as serve, on the advisory board in Coles County, under direction 
of Fran Hurlbert, who developed Visiting Nurses Association. At 
this time there was no active T.B. in Cumberland County. 

Coles County Health Department wanted to expand W.I.C. 
(women, infant care) into Cumberland County, so another pro- 
gram was added to that small office located on the west end of the 
county courthouse. 

While volunteering at Crippled Children Clinic in Effingham, 
and conversation with Doctor Thiel, pediatrician at Link Clinic, 
the well child clinic became a reality in the office of Doctor Massie 
every Thursday. While programs began to develop, regional 
department of public health in Champaign, introduced the pro- 
spects of having a health department in Cumberland County. 


This page sponsored by Millard Everhart, States Attorney 

Challenges ahead the way were long and often times grim 
however. Support from county residents allowed one to realize the 
struggle was worth it. 

The vote to develop the county health department came 
February 15, 1983, with Mike Walk, county board chairman, ap- 
pointing the first board of health. Writing grants, developing pro- 
grams, fighting the worst toxic dump in Illinois, number 16 in the 
nation, a trip to Washington, D.C., to testify and meeting with 
government officials, Louis Gibbs, Ralph Nader, the Attorney 
General's office, etc., made the people in Greenup my second 
family. My thoughts remain with them yet. 

Running out of space at the courthouse, found B and M flower 
shop housing the W.I.C. program, and our family room held pre- 
natal classes, as well as a variety of meetings. 

The purchase of the Woolen building brought remodeling and 
developing more programs, expansion of clinics with the support 
of many volunteers. The clinics were very successful and Alice 
Swim retired after 20 years of dedicated service. 

Introduction of the computer, through Illinois Department of 
Public Health, allowed more expansion. At last my dream came 

true, a certified health department with ten programs established. 
Equally important was the time spent assisting in developing a 
mental health program in Cumberland County. Hospice became a 
reality when a family gave me a contribution, an account opened 
to be used to meet the needs of many in the county. Yet another 
contribution allowed the development of the Diabetic Support 

Working closely with other agencies allowed Dan Boehmer and 
myself to agree we needed an inter-agency, that is strong today. 
High risk parental support developed some great parents out 
there. Also, working closely with Cooperative Extension, allowed 
expansion of many great programs. 

Then a job change in 1990 found me winking away tears think- 
ing it was time to say good-bye to Cumberland County and mov- 
ing into a county without a health department, changing from 
home health to long-term care. Lots of memories remind me of the 
15 years spent providing care to those in need, but knowing the 
capable staff will continue. 

Submitted by Winona Carrell Saathoff, R.N., county 
nurse/public health administrator 


The Cumberland County Development Corporation (the first 
county-wide development group ever formed) held its first 
meeting on July 21, 1987, at the Toledo Kiwanis Club. The follow- 
ing was the slate of officers elected: President David L. Mc- 
Cullough, Neoga; Vice President Administration Bob Scott, 
Greenup; Vice President Membership Patricia Ehrhart, Neoga; 
Vice President Finance Harold Garner, Toledo; Vice President 
Public Relations Frank Rook, Greenup; and Vice President At 
Large William Nebel, Toledo. 

A membership drive was started with notices published and 
notices mailed to businesses and individuals for dues in an effort 
to get the organization up and running. 

The minutes of the October 29, 1987, meeting quote David L. 
McCullough as saying "if we all work together and promote the 
county, there is a good chance for success." 

During the past few years the Cumberland County Develop- 
ment Corporation board and officers have worked to pull 
Cumberland County closer together and have worked on com- 
munity and economic development. 

In 1991 the Cumberland County Development Corporation 
became the sponsoring organization for a group of volunteer 
workers who joined Rural Partners, a coalition put together for 
county development. This is a three-year program designed to 
educate individuals in the county about development and to help 
them to lead the county in a strategic plan for the county. We are 
in the second year of the program at this time. This program has 
already gotten more people than ever before involved in develop- 

ment and has indeed brought more people together to work for 
the good of the county. Cumberland County is one of only 12 
counties in the state chosen to participate in the Rural Partners 
program. The education received during the course of this pro- 
gram exceeds $150,000.00 in value. 

The following individuals are the coordinators for Rural Part- 
ners: Patricia Ehrhart, team leader, Neoga; Jim Short, Neoga; 
Carol Jo Fritts, Toledo; Dean Carlen, Toledo; Frank Rook, 
Greenup; Wayne Swim, Greenup; Bob Donsbach, Toledo (alter- 
nate); and Judge Robert Cochonour, liason, Casey. 

While this process with Rural Partners is continuing the 
Cumberland County Development Corporation is moving ahead 
on local and area development and recruitment of more in- 
dividuals into the organization. The officers of the Cumberland 
County Development Corporation at this time are as follows: 
President Gary Kuhns, Neoga; Vice President Administration 
Clifford Carrell, Greenup; Vice President Finance Judi Beau- 
mont, Toledo; Vice President Membership Scott E. Bland, 
Toledo; Vice President Public Relations Michele Carruthers, 
Neoga; and Vice President At Large Randy Callahan, Greenup. 

The Cumberland County Development Corporation board and 
officers, as well as the members of Rural Partners pledge to con- 
tinue work toward the development of Cumberland County. Also, 
they work to unite the county in an effort to control our county's 
future instead of letting some outside organization control it for 

Submitted by Carol Jo Fritts 

This page sponsored by Neal Foundation 



(United Brethren) 

Allen Chapel was originally planned to be built at the Paul 
Cemetery. However, plans were changed and it was built in 
Greenup Township, located southwest across the corner from the 
Wade School. Sunday School commenced at Allen Chapel Sun- 
day, March 22, 1909. 

Services were not held very long in this church. When they were 
discontinued, the congregation went to the Block (Mt. Zion) 

Charlie Allen gave land for this church. 


This church's history is found on page 91 of 1968 history book. 
The Antioch Church of Christ remains active and in good repair. 
Services are held regularly. Area preachers alternate conducting 

Churches compiled by Ina Green 

of truth as it is in Jesus Christ, they felt led by the Holy Ghost to 

Antioch Church of Christ, 
1991, Union Township. 


Around the year 1890, a plot of ground located one-fourth mile 
south of the Timothy Store was donated from the property of and 
by Isaac Stirewalt for the erection of a Methodist Church in this 
community. It was not to be sold or moved, and was deeded to the 
trustees and their successors whose names were recorded on the 
deed: William Stewart, James McCullough, James B. Wall, Isaac 
Stirewalt, and Marshall Stewart. 

Pioneer workers and members of this project were Ezra and 
Minerva Kemper, Coe and Sarah Jobe, Margaret Ann and Ezra 
Stirewalt, Jim and Sarah McCullough, Sarah and Jack Carr, Mary 
and Clabe Carr, Marion Williams and family, and the St. Johns 
family. Isaac Stirewalt and Jack Carr were the main carpenters. 
Logs were cut and hauled, lumber and labor were donated by 
many interested persons in the community. 

Asbury Church - 1991 

It was dedicated a Methodist Church in 1891, and records were 
made in the courthouse in July 1894. In the year 1912, W. E. and 
Grace Catey came to this community to make their home and set 
about to revive and reorganize the Sunday School work. 

As the church grew in love and grace of God and the knowledge 

organize a Pilgrim Holiness Class at Asbury. So in November 
1928, the church was organized with about 20 members and Rev. 
Burtle Evans was pastor. 

The church remains active at this time with Rev. Jeff Bladin 
serving as the present minister. The church celebrated its 100th 
year anniversary, September 1, 1991. 


(Cumberland Presbyterian) 

Johnny Hoseney owned the land and timber around this loca- 
tion, one-half mile south of Diona. He gave the land and furnished 
the lumber to build this church in 1856. It was sided in walnut and 
built sturdy, being the reason it still stands. 

The congregation disbanded in 1956. 


Calvary Tabernacle is located two blocks west and two blocks 
south of the courthouse in Toledo (see 1968 edition, page 93). 

The church, an affiliate of the United Pentecostal Church Inter- 
national, was pastored by its founder. Reverend Charles H. 
Seeley, and his faithful wife, Inez Hillard Seeley, until October of 

1970. At that time, due to ill health and advancing age, Reverend 
Seeley resigned the pastorate. 

Sister Seeley was called Home to be with the Lord in July of 

1971. In December of 1987, Brother Seeley was called to his 
reward. They were greatly loved and appreciated. 

In December of 1970, Reverend and Mrs. Jack L. Jenkins and 
young son, Kevin, became the pastoral family. Building on the 
strong foundation laid by Reverend and Mrs. Seeley, the con- 
gregation soon tripled in number under the able leadership of 
Reverend and Mrs. Jenkins. 




Calvary Tabernacle Church, Toledo, in the early years. 

[ 1 






■^- -*-. ■ 







Calvary Tabernacle Church in Toledo ■ 1992. 

The original sanctuary was remodeled in 1970 and in 1980 a 
new sanctuary was built onto the existing building, adding offices, 
nursery, restrooms, and additional classrooms. 

In October of 1987, the Golden Anniversary of Calvary Taber- 


This page sponsored by The First National Bank of Toledo 

nacle was celebrated by the church family with heartfelt thanks of 
gratitude for the untiring efforts of Reverend and Mrs. Seeley in 
establishing a strong and solid foundation, and for the continued 
and faithful leadership of Reverend and Mrs. Jenkins, who will 
have completed 22 years of selfless service to Calvary Tabernacle 
in December of this year. 

Submitted by Alberta Ward Brown 


The first Catholic church in Cumberland County was built in 
1871. It was located five and one-half miles east of Sigel on what 
was then the Wm. Meyer farm. 

The congregation numbered 12 or 14 families. Services were 
discontinued in 1881 and the building was taken down in 1883. 


The history of Christ the King parish began when Mr. Nicholas 
Ettelbrick Sr. approached Bishop James Griffen of Springfield 
asking that a parish be located in the town of Greenup. He offered 
to donate the land and a church building for this purpose. Mr. Et- 
telbrick owned and operated the Ettelbrick Shoe Company head- 
quartered in Greenup. 

The bishop gave his approval of the project and ground was 
broken for the new church on May 26, 1937, with Nicholas Et- 
telbrick Sr. doing the honors. The cornerstone was laid on August 
24 of that year with Reverend James Gramke of Effingham of- 

The building of the church continued through the fall and a 
pastor for the new parish, Reverend George Powell, arrived on Oc- 
tober 20. He said the first Mass for the parish on Sunday, October 
28, in the home of Nicholas Ettelbrick Sr. The church was finished 
and dedicated by Bishop Griffin on December 19, 1937. At the 
time there were 14 families in the new parish which was given the 
name of "Christ the King." 

Christ the King Catholic Church situated close to Old Trail Road (used by In- 
dians since the 15th century), ten miles from Thomas Lincoln's farm— parents of 
Abraham Lincoln. 

The parish witnessed a steady growth in the beginning years 
and in 1939 witnessed their first vocation celebrate his first 
solemn Mass in the Church of Christ the King. Reverend Rene Et- 
telbrick O.F.M., the son of Nicholas and Emma Ettelbrick, was or- 
dained on June 29, 11 days after the death of his mother. He 
celebrated his first solemn Mass here on August 27, 1939. His 
brother, Albert, was later ordained for the Diocese of Springfield 
on August 5, 1942, and also celebrated his first Mass in this 
church. Reverend Albert Ettelbrick died suddenly in an 
automobile accident on March 23, 1953. Over 60 priests attended 
his funeral Mass at Christ the King. Reverend Rene Ettelbrick 
worked for many years as a missionary in South America and is 
now retired living in Texas. 

In 50 years the parish has been served by ten priests. Reverend 
George Powell was replaced in 1939 by Reverend Frank Lawler 

who served until 1942. In that year. Reverend Lawrence Mattingly 
was assigned and he remained for ten years. He was followed by 
Reverend M. J. O'Reilly who was here for a brief time in 1952. He 
was followed by Reverend Charles Jerome Juzaitis who arrived in 
February 1953. During this time, the children began attending 
religion classes in an old church at the corner of Lincoln and Ken- 
tucky Streets. The building was owned and remodeled by 
Nicholas Ettelbrick Jr. for this purpose. It was about this time that 
two sisters from Teutopolis began coming on Saturdays to teach 
the classes. They have been coming ever since although classes 
are now held on Wednesday evenings. During the '50s there was 
talk and even a fund established to build a Catholic school in 
Greenup but the plans never materialized. 

Reverend Juzaitis celebrated his 25th year as a priest in 1960 
and died the following year on August 4. He was followed by 
Reverend George Nelis. During his pastorate the parish 
celebrated its 25th anniversary with a banquet at the Greenup 
municipal building. Also on October 14 of that same year (1962) 
ground was broken for a new rectory to be built adjacent to the 
old one. In 1964, the church was redecorated, new stations were 
added and the light fixtures were bronzed. In 1965, the old church 
used for C.C.D. was donated to the parish and remodeled. 

In 1970, Reverend Nelis was replaced by Reverend Joe 
Schmertman. Under his pastorate, plans were begun for a new 
parish hall to be built on the west side of the church property. 
Father Schmertman died suddenly on April 7, 1973, and for a 
time, the parish was administered by Reverend Larry Auda of 
Marshall. The Franciscans from Teutopolis would come to help on 
the weekends. The Parish Hall was finished and dedicated in 
1974. It was also in that year that Father Gilbert Burns, a 
Carmelite priest, came to live in residence at Greenup. In 1976, he 
was appointed administrator and remained at the parish until 
September of 1987. During his pastorate, the parish constructed a 
parking lot to the south of the parish hall. Also a statue of Christ 
the King was placed and dedicated in front of the parish hall. 
Reverend Jeff Grant arrived in September of 1987 to become the 
new pastor and remains in that capacity at this time. 


This story about the Church of Christ, located south of Union 
Center, is to update history on page 95 and 96 of Cumberland 
County History Book, 1968. As older members moved or passed 
away, the number became so few that the congregation went to 
the Casey Church. The building was eventually removed from the 


This story is to update history on page 96 of the Cumberland 
County 1968 History Book. 

On August 31, 1986, the 100th anniversary of the Jack Oak 
Church of God was celebrated. 

As of February 1990, another new addition, including a new 
church office, new rest rooms, and another Sunday School room. 

Jack Oak Church, Union Township -1991 

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was added. At the time of this history, church membership stood 
at 67. 

The church continues with morning and evening services each 
Sunday and mid-week prayer services. Rev. Kieth Brown is pastor. 


Old Concord Church was organized in 1830 or earlier, as it peti- 
tioned for membership in the Wabash District Association on Oc- 
tober 2, 1830. The church was listed as having 16 members, and 
David Moore was her messenger to the association that year. In 
May 1831, Concord Church went into the constitution of a new 
association called the Okaw Association, at which time the church 
messengers were Daniel Drake and Daniel Moore, who reported 
15 members. Later in the year, G. Gillstrap and George Cross were 
also messengers to another session. The early history of the 
church is unknown, except for what may be gleaned from associa- 
tion minutes, as the actual records of the church meetings have 
not been located. Fortunatly, many of the annual printed associa- 
tion minutes do exist, and are kept in The Primitive Baptist 
Library, 416 Main Street, Carthage, Illinois, 62321, (217) 
357-3723. These minutes have also been microfilmed, except for 
those which have been located in recent years. The minutes of the 
Okaw Association are also preserved in the above library. 

Old Concord Church became a member of the Wabash District 
Association once again in 1880. A building was built at the site of 
the Concord Cemetery, four and one-half or five miles northwest 
of Neoga, south of the pavilion on Lake Mattoon, in Neoga 
Township, Cumberland County, in 1884. A picture of this 
building has been located. The church apparently ceased to hold 
meetings about 1940. 

Submitted by Mrs. Vesta Brick 

NEGRO SETTLEMENT (South of Jewett) 

The only colored Sunday School reported in Cumberland 
County was south of Jewett, Illinois. In the late convention, they 
reported 20 scholars and many visitors. Not many citizens know of 
this school but it is a fact of usefulness. A brief account of this set- 
tlement appears in the 1968 history book on page 31 and an ex- 
tended account of some of the families in the 1993 history section. 

CLEAR CREEK (Separate Baptist) 

(History of this church found on pages 97 and 98 of 1968 
Cumberland County History.) 

This church is active and in good repair at the present time. 
Reverend Shaw is full-time pastor at this time. 






(To update history found in 1968 History Book, pages 100, 101, 
and 102.) 

Cottonwood United Methodist Church continues to have Sun- 
day School every week and worship services on the second and 
fourth Sundays. Average attendance is 12 with an enrollment of 
30. The decline in rural population and deaths of many older 

Cottonwood Church ■ 1991 

members have affected Cottonwood adversely. However, con- 
ference obligations are met and the church is in good standing. 
An ice cream social and soup supper are annual events at Cotton- 

In 1970, the Reverend W. J. Brown succeeded the Reverend 
James Whitkanack. The Reverend John Hires was pastor from 
1972-79. From 1979 to 1983, the Reverend Wm. 0. Lipp 
ministered; the Reverend Joseph Wartick succeeded him and 
serves at the present time. 

FAIRVIEW (United Brethren) 

To update information on page 124 of 1968 History Book, 
pages 95 and 96.) 

Fairview was located one mile east of Union Center on the cor- 
ner with the Fairview School. The land was donated by Joseph 
and Harriet Strockbine. Some family names who were early 
members were Yanaway, Strockbine, Kuhn, Luke, McMillan, and 

In later years, attendance was low and it was closed. In 1931, 
the building was moved from this location to one mile south of 
Union Center where the Church of Christ used it for service. 
(History of Church of Christ in 1968 History Book, pages 95 and 

After several years of Church of Christ members holding ser- 
vices south of Union Center in this building, the number became 
too few to continue and the building was removed. The remaining 
congregation went to Casey. 


(To update history in 1968 History Book, pages 119 and 120.) 
A centennial celebration was held in 1971 with Estaline Miller, 
Carrie Carson, Mary Holt, Mildred Brooks, Alberta Ewart, and 
Ina Dillier serving on the planning committee. Reverend John 
Johnson, the present minister, has served the church since 
September 1979. 

n Presbyterian Church, Greenup 

FRIENDS GROVE (Quaker Church) 

(To update history of pages 104-106 in 1968 Cumberland 
County History Book.) 

At present time, this church is in good repair, active, and 
holding regular services. Brother Dan Smith serves as pastor. 


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Friends Grove Church ■ 1991 


(To update history found on pages 110, 111, and 112 of 1968 
History Book.) 

As a result of a merger of Evangelical United Brethren 
Churches and Methodist Churches in 1968, the church now bears 
the name United Methodist Church of Greenup. Reverend Gene 
Guthrie has served the church for the past year and eight months 
preaching his last sermon in the pulpit March 8, 1992. He leaves 
for an appointment in the Danville Methodist Churches and 
Reverend Roger Kilzer will serve as interim pastor until July 


This church was founded in the year 1943. Ten people were 
present to work out details. The church joined the Palestine 
Association and two years later moved to the Westfield Associa- 
tion where we still belong. Reverend Gaylord Green was the 
church clerk at this time. 

The church did not have a regular meeting place until 1949 
when Arthur Heddins offered the use of an annex to his 
blacksmith shop to use for a revival. Reverend C. D. Newsome led 
the revival which resulted in 25 new people being added to the 
church rolls. By 1952, we were able to purchase the building 
which we now occupy. Much work was done to convert the 
building into a church. The auditorium was completely remodeled 
in 1975 and the new addition was added. A great deal of work was 
done on these by Brother Alva Wade, Brother DeMoss, and 
Brother Mark Speers. 

Past ministers include: C. D. Newsome, Jessie Gettings, W. A. 
Fuson, R. C. Fuson, Virgil DeVore, Harold Pyles, Eddie 
Lomeline, Clarence Patterson, Rick Emerick, John Alumbaugh, 
Evan Beasley, Jack Barton, and the present minister, Harold 

Ministers ordained through the church are Harry Raines in 
1962, John Alumbaugh in 1978, Evan Beasley in 1983, and Jack 
Barton in 1984. 

The debt for bonds sold for remodeling was paid off in full on 
April 1, 1991, leaving the church debt-free. We are looking for- 
ward to new growth and possibly a new church in the years to 


Harmony Friends Church is located three miles north of 
Greenup on Route 130 and west one-fourth mile. 

The church had its beginning in the Lost Creek log schoolhouse 
about 1870. In 1876, a new building was built with Isaac Stirewalt 
and Andrew Jackson Carr as carpenters. It was built one-half mile 
north of the schoolhouse by Peach Orchard Cemetery. The new 
building was used by Methodists and Quakers alike. 

A few years later, the two congregations together built the 
Asbury Church. The Methodists moved into the new building. 

The Harmony Friend Church was part of the Pleasant Grove 
Quarterly Meeting and the Plainsfield, Indiana, Western Yearly 

The first sermon preached was the funeral of Joel Williams who 
died November 29, 1876. Naming the church Harmony due to the 
harmony of the people at that time has been attributed to this 

We started a church bus ministry in 1978 buying a bus which 
we named "The Blue Goose." This was sold in 1984 when a van 
was purchased. This van was later donated to a sister church and 
the present van was purchased. 

Harmony Church 
September 1990 

In 1929, the old church was torn down and in June 1930, the 
present building was dedicated by Richard Newby, superinten- 
dent of Western Yearly Meetings (free of any debt). 

Some of the pastors of the church were Cyrus Moon, Elwood 
Lewis, Charles High, Danny Wykew, Earnest Kivett, George Jor- 
dan, Clarence Ozier, Edith Hill, and Lee Guyer. 

Unfortunately, the Quaker Church was "laid down" because of 
lack of membership. The cemetery is still a very popular resting 
place for many of the original members, families, and descen- 

The church is being cared for now by Hazel and Ted Hilsmeier 
and the Grace Believers. It is called the Harmony Grace Church. 


Near the year 1864, a group of interested citizens saw the need 
for a place of worship in Hazel Dell. There was a cemetery on the 
north side of the road since 1849. They chose an area near the 
cemetery and began to build the church. It was late in 1865 before 
it was completed and services could be held. Split logs were used 
for seats until 1867. 

Various denominations held services at this new building and it 
was known as the Union Church. In 1879, it became known as the 
Church of Christ and has remained the same for over 100 years. 

Among those serving as elders and deacons in the early years 

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were A. J. McCash, Peter Burnett, George Henshaw, Samuel 
Welker, John Lawson and James Pullen. 

In 1890, a group left the Church of Christ and built another 
church building on the opposite (south) side of the road. This 
became the Church of God. 

The Church of Christ grew and after World War II, it seemed 
the time had come to have a new building. One of the members. 
Milt Kelly, donated the framework from his woods. Cleone 
Markwell donated his bulldozer, operated by John Yelton, to 
prepare the basement. Numerous others from the community along 
with the church members donated help and by August 1949, the 
first services were held in the new building. The brick was laid by 
Walter Cox after being trucked by Harry Burnett and son Bill 
from the penal farm near Brazil, Indiana. Mildred Burnett 
refinished the communion table and pulpit stand which were 
made by Mort Sturts around 1900. She also refinished three 
chairs purchased from his store. 

Hazel Dell Church of Christ 

Harry Burnett, Vernie Mullen and Earl Spencer were elders at 
this time along with deacons Olin Burnett and Bruce Spencer. 
Later Ralph Chapman, Howard Hawker and Chester Sharp served 
as elders and Orville Yelton and Dean Sharp as deacons. 

The bell was made by C. S. Bell at Hillsboro, Ohio, in the late 
1800s. It was taken from the old church and stored in the base- 
ment until the early 1980s when it was mounted on a brick struc- 
ture in the front lawn of the church where it rings for each service. 


On October 3, 1890, a plot of ground, located on the south side 
of the street in Hazel Dell, was deeded from the property of James 
A. Kelly and his wife, Sarah A., for the erection of a Church of 
God in this community. Sunday School and preaching had been 
held much earlier than this in groves, residences, and 
schoolhouses. The trustees recorded on the deed were W. A. Ap- 
plegate, W. W. Shadley, and F. M. Kelly. 

The origin of the Hazel Dell Church of God dates back to when 
a religious service was held in an Army camp during the Civil 
War. Elder George Sandoe, an Army chaplain, conducted the ser- 
vice and W. A. Applegate of the Hazel Dell community was con- 
verted. In 1866, an organization was completed with probably ten 
or 12 members. In 1889, when things were going rather badly. 
Elder Mary Berkstresser was sent here part-time. She began to 
talk to members privately and publicly about building a church. 
The people did not think it possible, but the desire for a building 
was strong. Miss Berkstresser with a horse and buggy canvassed 
the countryside and found many people ready to help. 


The first Church of God building was completed and dedicated 
in 1890. It was a small white frame building and served the people 
many years. In April 1939, Miss Emma Laymon came before the 
congregation and offered to erect, free of charge, a new building 
if it would be accepted. Only one requirement was made — that the 
church should be named "The Laymon Memorial Bethel," as a 
memorial to Miss Laymon's parents, Joseph and Evaline Laymon, 
and her uncle and aunt, Daniel and Huldah Laymon. All were 
lifetime members of the church. 

On February 7, 1941, this church was destroyed by fire. With 
the help of the insurance and people willing to work, another 
building was immediately started. Miss Emma Laymon secured 
pews, light fixtures, chairs, and paid the balance to the contractor 
not covered by insurance. The piano was given by her brother and 
wife, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Laymon. Thus, on November 2, 1941, 
the second Laymon Memorial Bethel Church of God was 

A parsonage in Hazel Dell was purchased by the congregation 
in 1962. It is located second house north of the four-way stop in 
Hazel Dell on the west side of the street. 

The church observed its 100th anniversary April 25, 197L 

On July 11, 1971, a dedication was held for a new piano 
presented to the church by the Ray Chapman family. 

An addition to the parsonage was built in 1972. A large room 
was added to the front of the home. It was dedicated July 23, 

On November 17, 1974, a new organ was dedicated. 

Hazel Dell Church 
of God - 1992 

Five young men from this church have gone into the ministry. 
They are as follows: 

Allen Laymon is pastor of First Baptist Church in Charlotte, 
North Carolina. 

Richard is ministering in music at the Boiling Springs Church 
of God in Decatur, Illinois. 

Harold Taggart dedicated his life in 1957 and is serving the 
Open Bible Church in Apache Junction, Arizona, working among 
the Indians. 

Larry Hollensbee was ordained September 4, 1981, and is 
pastoring the Blue Grass Church of God near Martinsville, Il- 

Danny Harper was ordained July 22, 1988, and is pastor of the 
Moriah Church of God, southeast of Casey, Illinois. 

Joe Miller serves as pastor of the Hazel Dell Church of God at 
this time. 


The church, Greenup's youngest church, was organized in July 

1978, with 14 charter members meeting in a home located east of 
Greenup on York Road. That home served as the church's 
meeting place until September of that same year when the con- 
gregation moved into a rented store-front building located on 
Greenup's main street — 118 East Cumberland. The congregation 
soon outgrew those limited facilities so that in the summer of 

1979, the church once again relocated to 211 North Missouri, its 

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present location. At the time this history was written, membership 
stood at 34 with attendance averaging in the 40s. 

This church is a fundamental, nondenominational, evangelistic, 
missionary-minded church. Fundamental in its faith — standing 
for the old-time religion of salvation by faith in the death, burial 
and resurrection of Jesus Christ and believing in the absolute 
authority of the Bible as infallible, inerrant, and the only rule of 
faith and practice. Non-denominational in its charter — holding 
membership in no denomination, convention, or association, but 
fellowshipping with other churches of like fundamental faith. 
Evangelistic in its emphasis — preaching Christ as the answer to 
the need of the soul of man and teaching the believer's respon- 
sibility to be a witness to a lost and dying world. Missionary- 
minded in its practice — regularly supporting missionaries in 
foreign countries as well as in the United States. 

Independent Bible Believers Church ■ 1991 

This church is happy to be a part of the Greenup community. 
The pastor, Dr. Tom Meachum, and the congregation extend an 
invitation to the community to attend any and all of its services 
where you will find a warm welcome from folks who love the Lord 
and would love to have you worship with them. 


(History found on pages 107 and 108 of 1968 History Book.) 


The Jewett Christian Church was founded in 1902. It has been 
remodeled and a fellowship hall built on the west side and re- 
mains active today as the Jewett Community Church. 

Jewett Community Church founded February 1902 


(Evangelical United Brethren Church, page 102, 103 and 104 in 
1968 History Book.) 

This church was organized in 1887 by Reverend A. Rider of 
Westfield, Illinois. The group worshipped in a building owned by 
the Christian Church until 1899. In 1898, they decided to build a 
house and made it available to other denominations when they 
were not using it. This church grew and still stands. The 
denomination now is United Methodist due to the merge of 
E.U.B. churches with the Methodist Church. 

United Methodist formerly 
" United Brethren Church at 
Johnstown, Illinois -1992 


(To update history appearing in 1968 History Book, page 108.) 
This church was organized and controlled as the United 
Brethren in Christ. In 1946, the name was changed to Evangelical 
United Brethren. In 1968, the Evangelical and Methodist 
churches merged, so the name is now Liberty Hill United 
Methodist Church. Reverend Gene Guthrie served as minister for 
the past one year and eight months preaching his last sermon 
March 8, 1992. He has been appointed to Danville and Reverend 
Roger Kilzer will be interim pastor until July of this year. 

The Christian Church as it looked many years ago. It has been remodeled, but 

still stands in the same place with a fellowship hall built on to the west side. 

Liberty Hill Church around 1920 

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Liberty Hill United Methodist Church 


The Missionary Baptist Church in Toledo was built in 1890, but 
was short-lived as a church. In 1923, a tax was voted by the people 
to maintain a library and this building was purchased from Mr. 
and Mrs. A. Armer who were operating a millinery store in it. It 
continues to be used today as the Sumpter Township Library. 

Missionary Baptist Church, 

Toledo, Illinois, now 
Sumpter Township Library 


(Originally Longpoint) 

(To update history found on pages 94 and 95 of 1968 book.) 

On December 15, 1971, this church was totally destroyed by a 
tornado with only part of the furnishings being salvaged. 

On January 18, 1972, a contract for a new building was given to 
Sherlock Holmes and the first service in the new building was 
Easter sunrise service April 2, 1972. During the construction of 
the new church, both church and Sunday School services were 
held at the Liberty Hill Community Center. 

Dedication services were held September 24, 1972. This was ex- 
actly 80 years after the first dedication. Reverend Raymond Ren- 
nels was pastor at the time of the 1972 dedication. 

November 16, 1987, it was decided to start building a new addi- 
tion consisting of Sunday School room, two bathrooms, and a 
basement underneath. The addition was completed and com- 
pletely paid for in the spring of 1989 entirely by donations. 

Brother Dan Smith is pastor of the church at this present time 
with services held regularly. 


(Page 29 of Cumberland County 1968 book.) 

The stately old Methodist Church served the Jewett community 
for many years, not only as a church, but many other functions as 
well. At one time it had an enrollment of 240 with standing room 
only. It was a gathering place for "pie suppers," Christmas plays, 
practice hall for Cumberland County Barn Dance and many other 
activities. It stood where the food stand is built in the village park 


M f 1 I.,,.. 1. '■ ... '' 

The stately old Methodist Church served the Jewett community for many years, 
not only as a church, but many other functions as well. It was the gathering place 
for "pie suppers," Christmas plays, practice hall for the Cumberland County Barn 
Dance and many other activities. It stood where the food stand is built in the 
village park now. 


(History on page 113, Cumberland County 1968 book.) 
Some people believe the time of organization of this church 
goes back to the 1830s. Meetings were first held in the old 
Hogback schoolhouse, a mile south and on the southwest corner of 
the road from the later Hogback building. Actual records do not 
go back beyond 1890, but it is thought the old building goes back 
at least to 1845-48. The building at this time is in good repair and 
holding regular services. 

Nebo Church, 
Union Township - 1991 


Neoga Baptist Church began as a mission sometime in 1956 or 
a little before. A meeting was held in the home of Carl and Nellie 
Clark in Neoga after having been invited by Carl and Nellie and 
Mary Ballinger. 

Families represented in that meeting were the Leonard At- 
teberry family, the Leonard Hammonds, Willis Mays, Wayne 
Clarks, the Pauline Mefford family, and this writer. They organ- 
ized as a mission under the wing of The First Southern Baptist 
Church of Effingham, Illinois. They rented the Bigler theater 
building which is now a lodge, north of the Cumberland County 
Bank, in Neoga, Illinois. 

Kenneth Stewart of Effingham was their first pastor followed by 
Harold Neal of Watson. Neal was pastor when the mission was 
constituted as a church in 1957. There were 22 charter members. 
Later R. C. Fuson of Casey was pastor and under his ministry 
Neoga Baptist Church was built. 


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Prayer was made for a lot to build on. This writer wrote a letter 
to a lady in an eastern state about a lot south of what is now Car- 
ruthers I G A store. Even though no one else was ever successful 
in buying the lot, she graciously consented for our church for 
$360. A concrete block building was built by Wayne Andrews, 
contractor, but was finished by the men and the pastor for 86,500. 

The following is a list of pastors and supplies, with the pastors 
identified by years of service, starting in 1959: R. C. Fuson, two 
years; Joseph Clacomb, three months; Elvis Gregory, one year; 
Truman Johnston, two years plus; James Pool, three years; then 
came supplies: Mike Jackson, Joe Eaton, Sam Eaton, Charles 
Albin, Don Seifert, Terry Foreman, Bill Price, James Butler, 
Truman Johnston, James Pool, to April 1968, when James Butler 
pastored three months. More supplies: Brian Renshaw, Dale 
Mechling, Raymond Rankin, Tom Mathis, Ronald Garner, and 
Loren Lang. Loren Lang then pastored four years, followed by 
Tom Cosat, one year. David Gilley pastored one year. 

Tom Cosat pastored again four months, then Herman Painter, 
five months, Ivan Abbott, one year, then supplies, James Bunyard, 
Kent Conover, Babe Moritz, James Neese, Sam Eaton, George 
Samandorf, Eual Eaton, Larry Eaton, and Dale Rhyne. Dale 
Rhyne pastored three years plus — what a dedicated and patient 
man, he drove all the way from Oblong. Richard Emmeric then 
pastored some seven months plus and it was under his pastorate, 
Neoga Baptist withdrew from the convention. As we allowed him 
to preach other revivals, supplying for him was Charles Sturgil of 

Eventually, this writer, having been associate pastor under Dale 
Rhyne, assumed the pulpit for six months, ending up being here 
now the past ten years, from 1981. Through the years there have 
been a total of 124 baptized members. Neoga Baptist Church 
began a radio ministry over WLBH, Mattoon, during and through 
Loren Lang's pastorate, called "The Hour of Truth Broadcast." 
It was during this time that this writer was asked to fill in on the 
broadcast. Following that experience this writer started his own 
radio broadcast in 1971 called "The Blessed Hope Broadcast." It 
was a Bible science, Bible prophecy broadcast, now airing for 
nearly 21 years. Less than six times has this writer ever accepted 
anything personally for ministerial services and my radio 
ministry, on my part, has been entirely a gift of love. 

We are now seeking a young pastoral prospect to take my place 
as pastor of Neoga Baptist Church. 

Submitted by Charles Albin, pastor 


(Page 92 of 1968 History.) 

The last service was held in this church in the early 1950s, the 
building was torn down in 1973, and the land reverted back to the 
Lawrence Gabel family. 


(To update information on page 92 of 1968 History Book.) 
This property was deeded to the church by Israel and Effie 

Yanaway August 13, 1874. The congregation meets regularly with 

Reverend Gene Southard as minister. 


(To update history found on pages 115 and 116 of the 1968 
History Book.) 

Services continued in this building until Thursday, October 12, 
1978, when a severe hailstorm passed through the area; the 
building was struck by lightning and totally demolished. On that 
day, before leaving the scene of the fire, one resident made a 
donation for the purpose of rebuilding. Almost all residents of the 
community followed suit as did many from neighboring com- 
munities and churches. Donations came from eight different 

The first service in the new building was held on Mother's Day, 
May 13, 1979. The building was erected under the leadership of 
Reverend Hugh Smith who served the church for 17 consecutive 
years during this period of time. The dedication service was held 
June 1, 1980, when glory, praise and thanksgiving was offered to 
God for allowing the accomplishment of the miracle. The church 
was dedicated debt-free. 

When the Congregational Christian denomination merged with 
The United Church of Christ, the congregation, under the leader- 
ship of Reverend J. E. Spencer, voted to abstain. Consequently, at 
this time, it remains independent with services held each Sunday 
morning and evening. Reverend Roger James serves as pastor at 
the present time. 

The following account is from a newspaper article: 
Church Destroyed By Fire 

"The New Hope Congregational Christian Church southwest of 
Greenup was completely destroyed by fire Thursday, October 
12th, around noon. 

"Kenneth Walden, an area farmer, who farms and resides near 
the destroyed church was in the area checking damages which 
were sustained by an earlier hail storm and so happened to turn 
around in the church yard. He reported that no evidence of a fire 
was visible at that time. 

"A short time later, the rural mail carrier, Floyd "Podger" 
Carlen discovered the church completely enveloped in flames as 
he passed by. 

"It is thought the fire may have been started from an electrical 
short or possible lightning bolt during the violent storm which 
passed through the area some 30 to 40 minutes earlier. 

"The church was organized as the New Hope Christian Church 
February 12th, 1904, and met at various homes for worship until 
the church was constructed between that time of September 19th, 
1904, and July 30th, 1905, when the dedication services were held. 
Rev. H. D. Catte of Willow Hill was the pastor at the time. Rev. 
Hugh Smith of Casey is presently serving the church. 

"The Greenup Fire Department was called, but by the time 
they arrived on the scene the church was completely enveloped in 

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Located on Route 40, this church stands five miles east of 
Greenup. In 1883, Mr. Martin Ruffner gave the ground on which 
the church was built. It was dedicated September 23, 1883, and 
was named by Jesse Bond. Jake Tutewiler hauled the large stones 
for foundation from his farm three miles east of Greenup. He was 
the grandfather of the auctioneer, Jake Tutewiler. 

A revival was held at the Section House at Vevay Park where 18 
were converted. All joined the Pleasant Grove Church in 1897. 
The church grew to a good number, but by 1953, the number had 
grown small enough that they closed the doors. 

Family names who made Pleasant Grove were Coffel, Tutewiler, 
Waldrip, Daughertee, Johnson, Mercer, Shuey, Watts, Sweet, 
Delp, Ruffner, Hendrickson, Seymore, Durham, Lacey, Fox, 
Bond, Johns, and Devall. 

Pleasant Valley Church ■ 1968 

First row: Lowell Henderson, Kevin Sherwood, Dorothy Bland, Edna Moore, 
Maxine Hanners, Fay Nees, David Nees, Pearl Hurt, Dwight Henderson. 

Second row; Linda Henderson, Janet Sherwood, Martha Nees, Verretta Hender- 
son, Reverend Hugh Smith, Dorothy Lacey, Hazel Bland, Donna Nees, Don Nees. 

Third row: Bob Henderson, John Nees, Leo Nees, Frankie Hanners, Otis Lacey, 
Louis Henderson, Ernest Henderson, Bernard Bland, Harold Hurt. 

In 1968, the Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren con- 
ference merged and the name became United Methodist. This 
same year Pleasant Valley Church needed a building because In- 
terstate 70 was taking theirs. Conference sold the building to 
Pleasant Valley and services have been held in it since that time. 
(See below.) 

PLEASANT VALLEY (United Methodist) 

(To update history found in 1968 Cumberland County History 
Booh, pages 116-119.) 

When the state brought Interstate 70 through the location of 
the church in 1968, the congregation moved to the former Plea- 
sant Grove building. It is located east of Greenup along Route 40 
at the Oak Grove corner. 

At this time the Evangelical United Brethren and Methodist 
churches merged, changing the name to United Methodist. The 
congregation celebrated its 100th year in 1981 with some former 
older residents in attendance. It remains active today with ser- 
vices held regularly; Jim Hunter is the minister. 

(Evangelical United Brethren) 

(To update history found on pages 108 and 109 of 1968 
Cumberland County History Book.) 

In 1946, the name was changed to Evangelical United 
Brethren. This church remained active until during the 1960s. 
Due to lack of interest, it was closed April 1967. The building was 

Long Point E.U.B. Church, Union Township 

torn down and a stone memorial was placed on the site near the 

This is not to be confused with Long Point in Neoga Township. 


Plum Grove Church of Disciples of Christ met and organized 
Sunday, March 1, 1868, by election of officers. The following were 
elected: Wm. Cutright and Bartus Boots as elders, Wm. Elder and 
Isaac Starwalt as deacons. 

The church was to be known as Christian Church of God in 
Christ at Plum Grove in Cumberland County. 

In 1875, the members of the church met to elect another elder 
and deacon. After this business was conducted, Brother Rubin 
Coy preached. Others who preached at this church around this 
period of time were Brother Bartholamew White, Brother Ben- 
jamin Davee. These services were held at Lost Creek Schoolhouse. 

August 12, 1882, deacons and elders were elected. More 
members had joined and Brother James Tipsword, Brother Coy 
and Brother Davee preached at this time. William Coleman was 
elected clerk and the well-known names of Carr, Cutright, Price, 
Carrell, Hodge, Bemont, Speakman, Pearcy, Battye, Jones, 
Kemper, Cook, Enyart, Decker, Robey, Coleman and others ap- 
peared on the church roll. 

On May 13, 1899, the members met and elected John Enyart, 
Peter Kemper and P. 0. Battey as elders; Wm. Cook and Bart Bat- 
tey as deacons; Joshua Cutright as clerk and Dennis Bemont as 
treasurer. Preaching on that night was by Brother James Gathers. 
This is the last of the record on Plum Grove Church until 1935, 
but it has been learned that the church was still active in 1907. 

Later, the church was used for a hay barn and basketball was 
played there. The seats and bell were given to the Church of 
Christ at Union Center in 1931 or 1932. When the Plum Grove 
Church reopened, these were returned to the church. 

In 1935, two women from Terre Haute held a meeting here with 
large crowds. They returned in 1936. In 1941, Brother Dock 
Evans held a two-week revival after he was invited to come by 
Daisy Kemper, Wes Kemper, Lida Carver, and Jack Volk. 

After revival, Sunday School was organized with the following 
officers: Beulah Stewart, secretary and treasurer; Fay Kemper, 
class leader; Daisey Kemper and Fay Kemper, deaconesses; Jack 
Volk and M. Kemper, deacons. It is recorded that on February 21, 
1943, Mr. Martin preached. 


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Since the Plum Grove Church reopened in 1935, it is non- 
denominational. There have been many changes and im- 
provements since that time. More ground was given, the church 
has been completely remodeled, classrooms built, a ramp for 
wheel chairs was added, a new furnace was installed, central air 
was added, and a friendship building was constructed in 1984. 

The church's 100-year anniversary was celebrated on October 
13, 1991. Sunday School attendance on that day was 135 and 
there are a large number of members on roll. 

The ministers since 1935 are Mrs. Dunkin and Peggy, Brother 
Doc. Evans, Brother Zeke Haley, Mr. Martin, Brother Fred Tate, 
Brother Cleo Tipsword, Brother York, Brother Bob Sallee, 
Brother Marvin Oakley, Brother Eddie Holt, Brother Roy 
Lineberry, Reverend Al Smith. Brother Marvin Oakley is the 
preacher at this time. 

Submitted by Mrs. John E. (Cecil) Kemper 


Around 1875, John Will Sr. donated ten acres of land for 
church and school purposes. He had bought the land from Clem 
Uptmor II and a small log schoolhouse was already on the land. 
Also around this time, several families banded together and peti- 
tioned the bishop for a church. This land was located approx- 
imately nine miles northeast of Effingham. 

In the spring of 1877, when the number of Catholic families had 
increased to 27, Bishop Baltes authorized V. Rev. P. Mauritius 
Klosterman, Commissary of the Franciscans of Teutopolis, to 
organize these families into a special mission and to arrange for 
the building of a church at Lillyville. 

The selection of the popular, though unofficial name of the 
community, "Lillyville," is attributed to Clem Uptmor II of 
Teutopolis, a former teacher of the Lillyville School (October 
1865-1866). It is thought to have meant "Little Village." 

John Will Sr., Frank H. Schumacher Sr., Henry Helmink Sr., 
Bernard Buescher, and Henry Jansen were appointed as the 
building committee of the first church. The church was dedicated 
November 1, 1877, by Reverend P. Mauritius Klosterman 
O.F.M. and placed under the patronage of the Most Sacred Heart 
of Jesus. Thereon, the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass was offered up 
for the first time at Lillyville. 

The first step in building the new church in December 1889, 
was to select a building committee which consisted of Frank H. 
Schumacher Sr., Henry Jansen, Lawrence Will, Henry Wente, 
Henry Schumacher Sr., Fred F. Dasenbrock, and under the direc- 
tion of the pastor. Upon completion, only $1,945.00 unpaid 
indebtedness remained of the estimated cost of $16,000.00. 

In 1918, additional grounds were added to the parish cemetery 
and consecrated on April 21, 1918, by Father Fister. In the fall of 
1925, a steam-heating system was installed in the church. In 1930, 
the old church was remodeled into a practical parish and 
community hall. In 1931, before electric power lines went through 
the community, the church was revised and equipped with electric 
lights to be powered by a 32-volt "Fairbanks" Morse electric 
generator which cost $840.83. The late '30s and early '40s finally 
brought electricity to the rural farm areas and Father Mazir spent 
many long hours promoting the cause and getting farmers to 
sign up. 

Centennial monument of Sacred Heart 

Church of Lillyville, 1877-1977 

On September 18, 1892, Rt. Rev. Bishop James Ryan, D.D. of 
the Alton Diocese dedicated the new church to the Divine Mercies 
of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus in the presence of some 1,500 
people from far and near. 

For the official observance of the centennial of the Lillyville 
Church in 1977, a successful three-day celebration was held in 
September. Sunday, September 16, 1977, was the official public 
celebration starting with a private breakfast for the parish fol- 
lowed by a drawing for the centennial quilt with the Adolph 
Schumacher family as the winner. The quilt was originated by 
Mrs. Ray (Laura) Deters and Mrs. Isabel Helmink. It contained 
the name of each family in the parish. The day continued with 
music and entertainment for visitors' enjoyment. 

Now 15 years later, Lillyville continues active and thriving, 
serving the spiritual needs of approximately 70 parish families. 
The parish is under the pastorate of Father Emil Helfrich. 


This church started with a group of people with a common 
desire to obey God and serve Him. The group had services in the 
American Legion, Jennings Park, and the pastor's home. Then 
the Lord provided a building on Route 45 in the former 3B's 
Hardware Store. 

Classes for children were held in a couple's home right behind 
the church until classrooms were built. An office for the pastor 
was built and a Share and Care program started for those in need. 
The Boy Scouts helped out by supplying canned and dry food. 

Later, a small group of unchurched people approached Solid 
Rock and requested direction. Through prayer it was decided to 
start a new work in the Charleston area. 

In 1989, the former Farmington Faith Builders Church was ac- 
quired. It is located six miles southwest of Charleston across from 
the historical site of the Moore House. The Neoga Church moved 
to that location where regular services are held. Jim Hughes con- 
tinues to pastor the church there. 


The Toledo Christian Church was organized about I860. 
Leaders in this work were Josiah White and Dr. Goowin who was a 
brother of Mrs. Elizabeth Myers and an uncle of Mrs. Ada Myers 
Norton. Mrs. Norton was a former school teacher in this county. 
The first services were held in the courthouse. 

This page sponsored by The First National Bank of Toledo 


In November 1885, the courthouse burned. Church services 
were then held on the third floor of the Hanker building located 
on the north side of the square. 

Then the trustees purchased a building owned by Leon Sum- 
merlin and located on the present church lot. This was purchased 
in 1885 and used as a church until 1902 when the new church was 

In 1925, they purchased property in the south part of town to 
be used as a parsonage. In 1971, a new parsonage was built in the 
Massie addition. 

In 1948, Chester Groves was hired as the first full-time preacher 
and membership began to grow. 

Christian Church, Toledo 

An addition was made to the church in 1949 using lumber from 
the old Corinth Church. The Corinth Church was located on what 
is known as the Carl Light farm. All assets from it were transferred 
to the Toledo Christian Church. Some of the furnishings are still 
used in the educational building. The date that the Corinth 
Church was built is not known, but records go back to the 1870s. 

The Toledo Christian Church continues to be active at this time 
serving the spiritual needs of its members. It also supports mis- 
sionaries and ministries in both foreign and home fields. 

Reverend Jim Wolford is pastor of the church at this time. 


Toledo First Baptist Church, located at the corner of 
Washington and Meridian Streets, Toledo, Illinois, was organized 
October 8, 1956, with 18 charter members. Brother Preston Den- 
ton, the associational missionary, helped with the organizing. 
They held services in an old store building until they were able to 
build a small building of their own. Brother James Pool was the 
first pastor. 

In June 1964, they were able to buy the Presbyterian Church 
building which is now the present First Baptist Church. 

Baptist formerly Presbyterian Church, Toledo, Illinois - 1991 


(History on pages 122 and 123, 1968 History Book.) 
The Toledo Methodist Church remains active and in good 
repair at this time. Reverend Joseph Wartick serves as pastor. 

United Methodist 
Church, Toledo 


The Toledo United Brethren Church was organized in 1907 
with Wm. Shull, B. R. Sparks, R. Richardson, James Shupe, and 
H. M. Tipsword as trustees. The building was begun in 1908 with 
Charles Aikins as contractor and dedicated in 1909 by Bishop 
Matthews. The first minister was Reverend Charles Perkins. (He is 
now living, but retired from the active ministry.) In 1912, under 
the ministry of F. E. King, an addition was built on the east side. 
In 1954, membership was 60 with Reverend Frank Minton as 
minister. This church closed in 1968 when the E. U. B. churches 
merged with the Methodist and members joined the Toledo 
Methodist Church. The Masonic Lodge bought the building and 
uses it at the present time. 

United Brethren Church 
in Toledo - 1991 


Union Separate Baptist Church was built in 1880. The owner of 
the land previous to the church being built is unknown. The 
church has an active congregation at the time this history was ob- 
tained and the minister is Gene Sims. The following ministers 

have served the congregation: Alex Black, Thompson, 

Lewis Eaton, Berry Webb, Riley Ridgeway, Leslie Goleman, R. 0. 
Black, Scott Cooper, Murray Stone, Vern Cochran, Maurice Reed, 
Ray Galbreath, Jerry Sweeney, Melvin Shaw, and Gene Sims. 

This church is located north of Union Center. 

Union Church north of 
Union Center • 1991 


There was a strong Universalist church in Greenup between 
1880 and 1910. Member names were Robertson, Monohon, Ewart, 


This page sponsored by Ben Tire Distributors, Ltd./Neal Tire and Battery 

Lyons, and Dillon. Reverend J. K. Dillon served as minister as 
well as Miss Almira Cheney whose ordination is recorded as 
November 1908. 

This building stood empty for several years and then was 
bought and remodeled by Nicholas Ettelbrick Jr. It was used for 
religious instruction for Catholic children until the new parish 
hall was completed in 1974. The building is now a private 


This church was located about eight miles east of Greenup on 
the York Road. Washington Church was the result of a revival 
held in the Washington School. The church was built on land ob- 
tained from Mr. Winfield W. Quinn in 1886. This was an active 
church for many years, but due to declining membership was 
closed in 1965. The remaining members went to Olive Church. 
The building was used as a community building for several years, 
but was later removed from its location. 

Washington Church, 
Crooked Creek Township 


(In Woodbury) 

In a May 18, 1899, Greenup Press: 

"Bishop N. Castle of Elkhart, Indiana, will dedicate the United 
Brethren Church at Woodbury, Illinois, Sunday, May 28. 
Preaching by Rev. 0. F. Kirk and others commencing Friday 
night. May 26." 

(See below for resulting United Methodist Church of Wood- 


The Woodbury United Methodist Church was built in 1905 of 
local timber. It was originated by a division of the existing United 
Brethren Church. 

Mr. Wm. W. Parks turned over the first shovel of dirt for laying 
the cornerstone and was killed only a few hours later on the Van- 
dalia, St. Louis, and Terre Haute Railroad crossing. This railway 
is now known as the Penn Central Railroad. 

In 1934, the local Woodbury Grade School building burned and 
the church was used as a schoolroom for one full term (1934-35). 

The original church building has had a new foundation, new 
roof, and two new additions, one on each side for Sunday School 

Woodbury United Methodist Church and annex, Rural Route, Montrose, Il- 
linois - 1989 

One addition on the south was dedicated in 1958 with an all-day 
homecoming. In 1963, a second addition, on the north, was 
dedicated and in 1968, the main sanctuary was completely 

The church is active at this time holding services regularly with 
Dorothy Youngblood as minister. 


Wood's Chapel was founded by the Reverend John W. Wood in 
1867. He was known only as Chaplain Wood, so designated 
because of his service throughout the Civil War as chaplain to the 
5th Illinois Cavalry. He also founded the Mattoon First 
Presbyterian and Shiloh churches. 

The church was located on the east side of Route 121, one mile 
south of Route 45 on a triangle of land donated by Herman and 
Mary Briggerman. The building, a white frame structure, was 
austere in its simplicity. A prim little brick walk led to two front 
doors. Men and boys entered and sat on the south side and women 
sat on the north. There were tall windows with plain frosted glass 
in the north and south walls. 

The church and pews were built by James C. Dryden. The yard 
was large with fine old trees and across the front was a hitching 
post rack consisting of sturdy posts supporting a heavy chain. 

This church served three generations in this farming commun- 
ity. In 1928, it was dissolved and most of the membership became 
part of the Neoga Presbyterian Church. 

Eventually the building was sold and demolished, the tall trees 
were removed and the area soon reverted to prairie cropland. 
Only a granite marker bears evidence to the church's former ex- 
istence at the site. The marker was donated and placed by some of 
the third generation families and church friends in 1970. 

Site of Wood Chapel Church 


In the late 1880s, missionary bands were formed by the 
Reverend V. A. Dake to propagate the Christian gospel in central 
Illinois. It is a theory that a young lady by the name of Ida E. 
(Cox) Brown became a member of one of these bands and was in- 
strumental in arousing interest in organizing a church. The Free 


Methodist Church was subsequently organized in 1890 by the 
Reverend E. E. Shelhammer and a suitable building was erected 
in 1892. 

After erection, the church was dedicated by the Reverend T. J. 
Noland, assisted by the Reverend D. S. Moore and E. E. Robbins. 
Two years later, in 1894, Reverend Wallace McVey directed the 
building of a parsonage across the street from the church. 

In 1940, the church observed its golden anniversary while 
Reverend E. E. Wright was pastor. On August 13, 1944, the 
church was rededicated after extensive repairs were made possi- 
ble by a generous gift from Mrs. Leona Ellis. A new floor was laid, 
new pews and pulpit furniture installed in the sanctuary and rugs 
laid. Reverend J. Rolland Seybold was the pastor at this time. 

A foyer was added to the front of the church while Reverend 
Marvin Lawson was pastor in 1945-46. Indoor plumbing was in- 
stalled in the parsonage sometime during Reverend Joe Chit- 
wood's pastorate of 1949-52. 

New Sunday School rooms were added and the large pot-bellied 
stove in the sanctuary was dismantled while Reverend Dale 
Wolcott was pastor in 1954-58. Central heating was installed with 
the removal of the stove. 

Free Methodist Church 


During Reverend L. J. French's second pastorate in 1977-86, 
the parsonage was renovated and new carpet, drapes and padded 
seats were installed in the sanctuary. The ceiling in the sanctuary 
was lowered and new lights and ceiling fans were installed. A new 
communion table was purchased in memory of Thelma French at 
this time. 

Reverend Norman McCoy pastored the church from 1986-91 
when the congregation purchased one and one-half lots west of 
the parsonage and converted it into a parking lot. 

Although it is one of the smaller churches of Neoga, the good 
that the Free Methodist Church has accomplished is a favorable 
testimony to their members and to their present pastor, Steve 

Worship - 9:30 a.m.; Sunday School - 10:45 a.m.; Evening Wor- 
ship ■ 6:00 p.m.; Youth - 7:00 -p.m.; Mid-Week Service, Wednes- 
day - 7:00 p.m.; CLC - second and fourth Thursdays - 6:30 p.m. 


The demise of the Roslyn United Methodist Church in late 
1972 sounded the knell to a once thriving settlement. The com- 
munity as described by Mrs. Cyrus Tolch in the 1968 records 
served a large area well. Like other small communities in 
Cumberland County the need for the services provided are 
satisfied elsewhere. Roslyn has been dropped from the state maps. 
The memorial stone placed on the corner of the church yard is 
marker for Roslyn. 

In November, 1972, when Lulo Belle Tolch called James 
McKinney to the home of her daughter Vera, and returned to him 
the deed for the land that the Roslyn Church stood, she fulfilled a 
promise made to Esther Frederick McElhiney, wife of Charles 
McElhiney. The land for the church had been given by William 

McKinney with the provision that it be retutrned to the McKin- 
neys if the church was discontinued. Esther McElhiney held the 
deed which she gave to Lulo Tolch to hold. There was no ex- 
change of money. However, Warren McKinney, owner of the land 
paid the necessary legal fees to bring the title up-to-date. 

Roslyn Church, aruund 1910. Front row: 1-11 unknown, 12 Esther Frederick 
(Tolch), 13 unknown, 14 & 15 minister's sons. Second row: unknown. Third row: 1 
Stallings, 2 Charles Tolch, 3 Stallings, 4, 5, 6, 7 unknown, 8 John McElhiney, 9 
Mrs. McElhiney, 10, 11, 12, 13 unknown, 14 Charles McElhiney, 15 Esther 
McElhiney, 16 minister. Fourth row: 1, 2 unknown, 3 Nancy McClain, 4-12 
unknown, 13 Billy McGinnis. Fifth row: 1, 2, 3 unknown, 4 Fred McClain, 5-13 
unknown, 14 Zenia McGinnis. Horse and buggy belonged to John McElhiney. 

The Roslyn Quilt ■ 1900. Forty-two blocks with approximately ten names on 
each with the exception of the title block. Names were placed on the block at the 
cost of ten cents each. Quilt bought by Charley McElhiney, owned by Mabel Tolch 

- I SB . ^ 

Close-up of the title block of the Roslyn Church quilt. 


Treasured memories of the church include a remembrance 
quilt that was made in 1900. People made blocks using the fan 
design. Each spoke was embroidered with a different name and 
the finished block was embellished with fancy stitches. The center 
block gave this information, "Zion, Rev. T. H. Thompson, M. P. 
Church Lady's Christian Aid Society, Roslyn, 111. 1900." Forty- 
two blocks were used with approximately ten names on each 
block. The sum of ten cents was paid for each name. The quilt was 
bought by Charley McElhiney. The organ used in services graces 
the living room of Ellen Collier Shubert in Wilmington, Delaware. 
Ellen's father, Clarence, was a former pastor. She is also the 
granddaughter of Esther Tolch who was raised by the Charley 

There is no record of any special services at the close of the 
church. Reverend Robert Holmes from the Neoga United 
Methodist Church was the pastor. Members went to United 
Methodist Churches in the area, namely, Neoga, Toledo and 

The memorial stone was set by a committee of Ethel Brown, 
Walter Brown, James McKinney and Whitney McKinney. James 
is a grandson and Whitney is a great-grandson of the William 
McKinneys. The stone was purchased with money from donations. 

Today, the building is declining but it still stands a decade 
short of its one hundredth birthday. 

In the early 1970s the last services were held in the Roslyn 
Methodist Church. The building still stands and the ground has 
reverted back to the McKinney family. 


Seventy-six years ago, early in the year 1916, there was a tent 
revival meeting held in an open field near the little town of Brad- 
bury. Miss Clara McGiffen, the young evangelist holding the 
meeting, preached God's word with the convicting power of the 
Holy Spirit. Her efforts resulted in a sweeping revival that saw 
many area people saved and the birth of a brand new church. 

The new church was composed largely of people who were 
touched during the tent meeting. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Thompson 
attended the revival and were moved to donate ground for a 
church building. Other early laymen like Mr. S. J. Barger, helped 
move an abandoned church building to the site. This building 
once held the Pleasant Grove Church congregation, and was 
originally located two and a half miles north of the present site. 
Once moved, it was renamed the "Bradbury Free Methodist 
Church" and thus a new church was introduced into the Toledo 

The Bradbury Church is blessed today with a full time pastor, 
the Reverend Joe Latson. Along with weekly Sunday school, wor- 
ship services are held each Sunday morning and evening. A 
midweek prayer meeting is held each Wednesday evening and 
other active groups of the church include: Women's Bible Study, 
Christian Youth Crusaders, and Women's Missionary Fellowship 

From a humble tent meeting in 1916 to the present church, God 
continues to bless at Bradbury. 



The first church of the Presbyterian faith in Neoga originated 
in two parts. The first part was organized by the Reverend John 
H. Russ on April 5, 1851, at the home of John Morrison of Long 
Point. This spot, located about four miles southeast of Neoga, was 
central to the population and the center of business. The church 
body voted to be called the Presbyterian Church of Long Point. 

In Neoga, between 1854 and 1860, a church building was 
erected. It measured 55' x 36' and cost nearly 83,000.00 to con- 
struct. The building was dedicated on April 29, 1860, and the 
Presbytery changed the name from the Presbyterian Church of 
Long Point, to the First Presbyterian Church of Neoga. 

The second part of the Neoga Church, known as the "New 
School" Presbyterians, was organized on September 30, 1857. 
The two churches then merged and became one on June 9, 1866. 
The elders of both churches, by previous arrangement, resigned 
their positions and seven new elders were chosen for the new 
united church. 

In 1900, the cornerstone was laid for the present building at 7th 
and Locust streets. It was dedicated on July 7, 1901, having cost 
approximately $20,000.00. (The first church building was sold to 
the city at this time, moved and converted into a jail.) 

By January of 1929, the church had a membership of 304. A 
manse was purchased in April of 1951 for $8,500.00 and the 
church celebrated their Centennial that year. Progress was being 
made at this time by the five Protestant ministers of Neoga in 
banding together for the work of the Protestant churches in 

The church retained the name of First Presbyterian Church un- 
til January 4, 1959. At that time the Session voted to change the 
name to the United Presbyterian Church as a result of the merger 
of the previous two branches of the church. 

Beginning with ten members in 1851, the United Presbyterian 
Church of Neoga is proud of the part they have played in the up- 
building of this community throughout the years. The Church and 
her pastor, Kathryn J. Edwards, extend the following invitation to 

To all who mourn and need comfort, to all who are friendless 
and need friendship, to all who are homeless and need sheltering 
love, to all who pray and to all who do not, but should, to all who 
sin and need a Saviour; this church opens wide its doors and 
makes free a place, and in the name of Jesus, the Lord, says 

Clerk of Session: 
Music Director: 

James Mayhall 
Louis Buchanan 
Stanley Harris 


Session Members: Pat Williamson, Julie Williamson, 

Robert Coen, John Little, Linda Short, 
Doris McKay, Nancy Lawson, Lois 
Buchanan and Brad Short 
The Reverend Kathy Edwards has received a pastoral call to 

the Gulf Prairie Presbyterian Church in Jones Creek, Texas. The 

Reverend Edwards has accepted and will return to her home state. 

Neoga News, March 19, 1992. 


The beginning of Methodist Church history in Cumberland 
County took place in a hewn log structure built in Greenup in 
1840, known as the Salem Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1856 
classes were held in a little schoolhouse in Neoga just north of 
where the Christian Church is located today. Classes were then 
relocated to the Illinois Central Station building while a new 
church was constructed. 

The Neoga Methodist Episcopal Church was built at a cost of 
$5,000.00 and at the time of the dedication on June 28, 1868, the 
indebtedness was $2,728.00. The first parsonage was built in 1872 
and some time later the church property and this parsonage were 
sold to clear the indebtedness. The church was redeemed in 1878, 
but the parsonage was not. 

At the turn of the century, with the church growing so rapidly, 
the present building was constructed. A new parsonage was then 
built in 1917. The Grace United Methodist Church has been 
redecorated many times through the years. A full basement with 
kitchen and fellowship hall was added, more Sunday school 
classrooms, new carpeting and padded seats, lift station, bulletin 
board and video cassette player. Once again classroom and 
fellowship hall space is limited and the Administrative Council is 
seriously considering the possibility of expansion. 

Comments by Jim Whitaker, Lay Leader in 1992, on the quas- 
quicentennial of the church stated in part: "This year marks the 
125th anniversary of our church. Throughout the year we will 
honor the people and history which have made our church what it 
is today. The founders of this church were among those who 
helped carve this rural community from the Illinois prairie. The 
Neoga Methodists have seen the Gay Nineties, the turn of the cen- 
tury, the Roaring Twenties, and the Great Depression. They 
fought two world wars, the Korean Conflict and Vietnam. 

For 125 years they have been helping each other and their 
fellow men while worshipping the Lord they serve. It would be in- 
teresting to know how many lives have been changed, how many 
burdens have been lightened, how many days have been bright- 

Front row: Carrie Young, May Peters, Viola Haskett, Florence Albin and son 
Glenn, Letha Kapp and son Billy, Maude Ewing, Verda Clay and Miss Florence 

Back row: Floy Short, Mae Young, Bertha Wright, Mary Jane Condit, Jessie 
Lugar, Nell Pugh, Erma Coleman, Effie Albin, Bessie Crockett, Mrs. Glenn Corley, 
and Mrs. John Duddleston. 

Grace United Church, 
Neoga, Illinois. 

ened by a friendly word or smile. And how many people in need 
have been helped through our caring and sharing efforts? On a 
wider basis, how many children have been fed, housed, clothed, 
and educated through our association with the world-wide United 
Methodist Church? 

Forty, fifty or one hundred twenty five years from now, let's 
hope we will be seen as having carried on the great tradition of 
this church. Through the efforts of the members of the Grace 
United Methodist Church, and their present Pastor, Bob Skinner, 
let's hope we are remembered as people who placed their love of 
God uppermost and did their best to carry out His work and 
spread the Word." 


Many changes have been seen in the St. Mary of the Assump- 
tion Church during the last century. The parishioners in Neoga 
have adapted to the change cheerfully as they continue to cling to 
the hallmarks of Catholic Christianity. 

Ten pioneer families were responsible for the building and 
maintaining of the first frame church during the 1895-1897 
period. A bell tower was erected, interior of the church plastered, 
and pews and furnishings purchased. The church was then 
dedicated on August 15, 1897. 

The congregation increased from its humble beginning and the 
old St. Mary's Church was razed in 1960 to provide space for a 
contemporary brick and stone structure. The new church held its 
first Sunday service on June 3, 1963, with the dedication 
ceremonies taking place on June 7, 1964. The original bell from 
the old church was placed in the new bell tower and engineered to 
ring electronically. 

St. Mary's Rectory was built in 1955 by the Neoga St. Mary's 
and the Trowbridge St. Patrick's parishes. The statue in the foyer 
was imported from Italy. When the people of the Trowbridge com- 
munity were asked to close their beloved St. Patrick's Church, 
many of them joined St. Mary's. 

Fr. Jim Hartke, current pastor, implemented the dream of 
building a free-standing parish center, and in 1989, Assumption 
Hall was added to the parish property. It provides adequate room 
for parish and community functions. 

The present parishioners are accepting more of the respon- 
sibilities governing the functions of the church, filling roles 
formerly held by priests and sisters. As a result, the Knights of 


I^M d 

St. Mary of the Assumption 
Church, Neoga, Illinois. 


Columbus and the Altar Society have been established, and the 
congregation helps support a sister parish in Haiti. Many families 
are involved in area renewal movements and retreats and are 
actively involved with civic projects. 

It is the desire of the members of St. Mary's that their future be 
one of growth, unity and peace as they pledge to give witness to 
the joys of knowing, loving and serving God. 


It was in September, 1881, in the hall over a harness shop where 
Short's Furniture Store is presently located, that Elder Hampton 
established a new church. It was during a tent revival meeting 
that the church was fully organized and with a charter enrollment 
of fourteen families, the First Christian Church of Neoga was 

Land was donated by Mr. John Keller in 1898 and a new frame 
church was erected and used by the congregation until the erec- 
tion of the present brick building in 1925. 

The church was reorganized in June of 1917, and the first 
Ladies' Aid was started. The Etna Christian Church was struck by 
lightning sometime between 1915 and 1920, and many of their 
members transferred their membership to Neoga. Their support 
was a great help and inspiration to the Neoga congregation. 

As the church became stronger there arose a need for a new 
church building. Brother C. C. Perrin was the Pastor who was in- 
strumental in planning the present brick structure which was built 
in 1925. Mrs. J. S. Stroud turned the first shovel of dirt for the 
ground breaking ceremony on the new church site. The erection 
of the church moved forward and the cornerstone was laid on 
Thursday, April 23, 1925. Dedication services for the new 
$28,000.00 church were held on November 22, 1925. 

On July 14, 1940 there were few dry eyes and many happy faces 
when the church's extension note of 82,000.00 was burned. The 
past fifteen years had meant a great financial sacrifice on the part 
of many families. 

After the note burning, Mrs. John Stump gave the church a 
house on Sixth Street to be used as a parsonage. This house was 
later replaced by the present parsonage located at 772 East Sixth 

Over the years the church has grown and has been remodeled 
many times. The heating and air-conditioning systems were both 
replaced in 1979. The church office was remodeled and in 1980 
the men's and women's restrooms were completely rebuilt and up- 
dated. The balcony was closed in to make additional rooms for the 
Sunday school, and the kitchen was remodeled. The exterior of 
the church was re-tuckpointed and a new lighting and sound 
system was installed. The 'Building Committee' is presently work- 
ing on the prospects of a new addition to the present facilities. 

In addition to the remodeling of the building, several new pro- 
grams have been added to the church in the past few years: new 
Sunday school classes, an active youth program, primary worship. 

a van ministry, Bible-reading programs and a growing Mission 
Program, under the leadership of the present Pastor, Ron Lake. 

Service times: 

Sunday School - 9:00 a.m. Evening Service-6:00 p.m. 

Worship -10:00 a.m. Youth Groups - 6:00 p.m. 


(To update history appearing in 1968 History book| 

(Pages 120, 121, 122) 

From 1968 to present date, an outside light was put up, a base- 
ment entrance built, guttering purchased, basement screens 
added, and new hymnals purchased. Also drapes for the windows 
and a coat rack was added, flags were purchased by Mrs. Beulah 
Letner and a dehumidifier was purchased for the basement. 

In 1980 and 1981, the front porch was remodeled with a new 
block bannister, and cement floor. A new addition was added to 
the building for educational purposes with the dedication held 
March 29, 1981. Water and restrooms were also installed; and 
carpet for the new room, center isle and stage was purchased. New 
windows were installed and the church was insulated. 

Rev. Joseph Wartick serves the church as pastor at the present 
time with services held regularly. 


6 Miles East of Neoga, Illinois 

Established 1894 

A meeting was called to order at the house of Henry Thomas in 
Cumberland County for the purpose of consulting the propriety of 
constituting a Baptist Church. There being a number of Brethren 
and Sisters present holding letters of dismission from Baptist 
Churches, we agreed to organize into a constitution, by appoint- 
ing Elder Daniel Harbert, chairman, and Ezra Sparks, as 
secretary, August, 1853. 

Charter members: Ezra Sparks, Katharine Sparks, Emily 
Sparks, Henry Thomas, Elizabeth Thomas, Samuel G. Sparks, 
Jane Ann Sparks, Artemecry Hodges, Horace Thomas. 

In 1892, we met in the Church of Christ building at Neal the 
first and fourth Sundays; with the Church of Christ meeting the 
second and third Sundays. We built our church building in 1894 

Ml. Zion Baptist Church, built 1894. 


Old Church of Christ at Neal, 1992. 

which we still use for our sanctuary every Sunday. We have 
remodeled the main building and built on Sunday School rooms 
in 1973. 

Our Sunday school was organized at 4:00 p.m. on April 8, 1894. 

We have had fifty three Pastors thru the years. Since August, 
1967, Simpson McCullough; July, 1968, Ronald Hostettler; 
November, 1971, John Phillips; June, 1973, Virgil Baker; 
September, 1975, Scotty Chestnut; April, 1977, Herman Painter, 
Jr.; April, 1978, Archie King; March, 1985, Bill Angel; and our 
present Pastor, Jack Barton, September, 1988. 

At the present time we have 120 church members on our church 

The Church is located six miles east of Neoga, Illinois. (See 

Page 112, 1968 Cumberland County History). 

The land for the church was given by Ike McPherson. 


The Zion Church was located just west of the Zion Cemetery 
and about one half mile east of the Zion School. 

Sam Coen allowed the United Brethren to build a simple 
church on his land. In 1910 this was replaced by a more imposing 

This church was used by the United Brethren until the early 
194{)s. After this time they no longer had services. When the 
church was torn down in 1946 the land reverted to Sam Coen's 
grandson, Paul Lockhart, the present owner of the land. 

Submitted by Freda Rollings 


The land was donated for this church by the Lockhart family 
and returned to them when the church was no longer used. It was 
located in the extreme northwest corner of Cumberland County. 
The Zion Chapel United Brethren Church sat on the northwest 
corner of the intersection, with the older cemetery on the north- 
east corner and the newer cemetery on the southeast corner. 

The church was built in 1901 and the Etna, Illinois Methodist 
Church, still standing and in use, was built just like the Zion 

The church was abandoned for many years and in the 1930's 
was torn down by Fred South, who used the lumber to build a 
house in Ash Grove Township. The Zion School was west of the 

Cemeteries compiled by Lucille Carr, Evelyn Steele and Irene Hollensbe. 

Cumberland County has over 73 known cemeteries and burial 
grounds. Many of the cemeteries are overgrown and in terrible 
condition. Some have not been used in over 50 years. Many are on 
private property, always ask permission to visit them. 

There were several family cemeteries registered with the state 
that I was unable to locate or find anything out about. They were: 

1. Center Cemetery *1921E registered with State November 21, 
1949, in Sumpter Township. Family by the name of True are 
buried there. 

2. Copperas, *2433 registered September 12, 1950, Neoga 

3. Curns, Sumpter Township. The state archives list a veteran 
David Beals buried there. 

4. Downey, Neoga Township. 

5. Indian Hill, Sumpter Township. 

6. Kemper, Union Township, *787, registered March 16, 1948. 
I did not include the story of the County Farm Cemetery. It is 

located in the 1968 History Book on page 201. 

In the 1960s, an extraordinary group of volunteers spent untold 
hours walking through these cemeteries recording the names on 
the stones. They had the information printed. It is available at the 
Greenup Library, The State Archives, and many public and 
genealogical libraries throughout the state. 

A full listing of all veterans buried in the county is available 
from The State Archives in Springfield. I have tried to be as ac- 
curate as possible. I thank all the people who have helped me with 
this project. 


These graves are obscure evidence of one family's grief. This 
father and two daughters have been here since 1839. Even before 
the county was formed, and still settled by Indians. They were ly- 
ing there through the Civil War, peacefully oblivious to the terri- 
ble tragedy around them then, and through the years of World 
War that followed. They lie just off the highway, four miles west 
and about 100 yards south of Jewett. 

The mother's first name started with the letter "A." On the 
children' s stones it is "daughter of JW and A Allison." 

Grave site of Cumberland County pioneers. 


This little family graveyard is located on the Aleshire property 
west of Woodbury, Illinois. There were four or five stones at one 
time, they are all gone but three and they are all of one family. It's 
thought they died of Cholera. 

Agha Allison, daughter of J. W. and A., Died June 20, 1839, age 
1 year and 4 months. 

Mary Allison, daughter of J. W. and A., died July 7, 1839, age 

James W. Allison, died July 14, 1839, age 43. 


Bell Cemetery (Union Township) is located north of Greenup, 
Illinois, on Route 130. Go north approximately four miles to the 
Greenup Gravel Pit Road. Turn left, go to the Clear Creek 
Church, then right until you come to the cemetery. It's on the 
right side of the road. 

It is a large, well kept cemetery, strongly fenced and still in use. 

Bell Cemetery 

Elijah Walters came to north Cumberland County from the 
Oblong, Illinois area, and on March 18, 1850 bought 160 acres. 
The land office was still at Palestine, Illinois. 

On a gentle slope to the east, was a small pioneer burial ground. 
Mr. Walters gave this acre of ground for a burying place, and 
another acre for a school. Many years later the school was moved 
and the acre was assimilated into the cemetery site. 

Just to the south of the site lived a family by the name of Bell, 
and the name Bell became associated with the cemetery. Although 
it is an incorporated plat and officially the name is Walters, it has 
never been known by this name, and Bell it remains to this day. 

There are five Civil War Veterans buried here, also veterans of 
later wars. 


This cemetery is located about two miles west of Toledo, Il- 
linois, on the right (north) side of the highway. It's on a hill above 
the road and difficult to see coming from the east. 

I was told three of the Berry brothers gave the first land, Nelson 
and John. My informant could not remember the third. 

Colonel Oran Young extended the cemetery on the east side in 
the 1930s. There has never been a charge for burials however I'm 
told the cemetery is full. 

Early grave stones date back to the 1840s. In 1930 John Kelly 
donated a white wrought iron arch over the drive in memory of his 
wife, Sarah, laid to rest on August 10, 1929. 


The cemetery is located south of Greenup, Illinois. Take Route 
■*130 to the Hazel Dell road, turn left (east) until you come to the 
church and cemetery. 

In 1889 Jonathan and Rachel Eveland gave one half acre of 
land for a church. Trustees were William Wade, James Eveland 
and Joseph Eveland. 

Jonathan Eveland died in 1894 and was buried in the Paul 
Cemetery. There was no cemetery by the church at this time. 

Ulysses and Mary Jane Walden bought the surrounding land 
from the Eveland family on January 31, 1903. They realized the 
need for a cemetery and donated land behind the church for that 
purpose. The cemetery was platted August 25, 1905. 

George Henry Eveland passed away July 26, 1905 and was the 
first person buried in the new cemetery. 

In 1915 Robert Glenn left the sum of one hundred ($100.00) 
dollars in his will. "Said amount to be deposited at the Greenup 
National Bank in the name of the trustees. Said amount to be 
used in keeping fences and cemetery in repair." In those days 
there was no township care. 

Keith Walden donated more ground in 1963 enlarging the 
cemetery to about two acres. It is an attractive and well kept 

I have been told the name "Block" goes back to the early 
1800s, when a log block house was built just a little north of where 
the church is located now. In those days there were no roads, only 
trails. The old block house has been gone and forgotten for more 
than a hundred years, but the name Block is still with us. 

Berry Cemetery 

■ n or Block Cemetery 


This old family cemetery is located near Greenup on the David 
Cook Farm. Go east three miles from Greenup, north across 1-70, 
then west about three-fourths mile, and south to the woods. It's 
very difficult to find. It's on a hill along a ravine. 


It's an old burial ground, and it's thought there have been no 
new graves since 1900. Long ago there was a nice fence around 
the plot, but this has rusted away. Once there were 25 or 30 
graves, but not that many stones. Names were mainly Boots, 
Bootes, Northway, Gerard and Gross. The oldest inscription was 
Bartus G. Boots, Died December 17, 1853. Age 65 years. 


This cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois, on Route 
121, cross the river and go under 1-70. Turn right across the river 
bottom, north to the river hill over two ridges, then east on a field 
road to the woods. It's in the edge of the timber, on what at one 
time was the old Bright Farm. The last of the family was Bill 
Bright and a sister. They have both been dead many years. 

The cemetery is overgrown with brush and trees, most of the 
stones have fallen over and are broken. 

The grave of Cumberland County's only Revolutionary War 
Veteran, James Ryan is here, but the stone has been removed for 
safe keeping, and set in the Ryan Family Cemetery. 

Other stones tabulated in 1968 are: 

Olmsted, Adeline M. Wife of B. B. Olmsted, Died May 2, 1857; 

Garret, Susan, Daughter of G. W. & C. A. Garret, Died Oct. 2, 

Winngham, Thomas, Died Oct. 1851; 

William A., son of A. and E. J. Paul, Died November 10, 1854. 

No doubt there are many stones buried under the leaves and 
grass. This was a fair sized cemetery at one time. 

East from the cemetery through the woods is an Indian Burial 
Ground. The graves have all been desecrated. 


The Buchanan Cemetery is located two and one half miles 
north of Neoga, Illinois, on the Old Buchanan Farm. Access to the 
cemetery is by foot across a field that has several rows of pine 
trees leading east from the township road back to the cemetery. It 
sits upon a slight hill above Bush Creek. 

One of the earliest graves is that of Elizabeth J., wife of John B. 
Buchanan, died October 7, 1860. 

There are two Civil War veterans and a Veteran of the War of 
1812 buried here. All the soldiers' graves have government stones. 

Louis Buchanan told this story of Captain Buchanan's death: 

Captain W. W. Buchanan and a friend were leaving for Spring- 
field, Illinois, to receive their mustering out papers. Captain 
Buchanan was leading his horse out of the barn when the horse 
kicked, striking Captain Buchanan in the head killing him. 

The cemetery is surrounded by a good chain link fence with a 
lone cedar tree sitting in the middle among the stones. 


Located near Greenup, Illinois, south of the elevator, under the 
Pennsylvania Railroad underpass about one-fourth mile, make a 
right turn, about one-eighth mile. 

It's a family burial ground, on land purchased in 1837 by 
Daniel Carson. 

There are 15 stones, the first burial was the little daughter of 
David and Margarette Carson. The mother, Margarette, died soon 
after and was buried beside the little girl. 

The cemetery is still being used, with the last grave of Carrie 
Carson, February 2, 1975. 

State Archives list two Civil War Veterans. 


The cemetery is located seven miles west of Toledo, Illinois, on 
Route *121 to the curve. Turn left (south) two miles, then right 
(west) about one mile. Just as you come to the top of the hill, on 
the left (south) side of the road is a stone marker with the 
cemetery name. Turn left down a short lane. 

You come to the new section first. This is the James P. Baker 
addition. The old pioneer section is on the east side of the 
cemetery. The old graveyard has a very interesting shape, follow- 
ing the crest of the hill in a gentle curve. There are many unusual 
old tombstones. It's the largest collection of old stones I've seen in 
the many cemeteries that I have visited. One is a large boulder 
with the family names carved on the face. I found very few un- 
marked graves, which is also unusual in an old cemetery. 



Estes family grave stone 



I IB vt. 

The oldest stone I found was that of Philip Y. Estes, son of R. S. 
and R., died March 21, 1821, age seven years. 

The State Archives lists 16 Civil War as well as other veterans 
buried here. 


~ t' 







This is a small family burial ground, located two and one-fourth 
miles south of Jewett, Illinois, then one-half mile east and north in 
the woods. It would be hard to find without help. It's on the farm 
belonging to Mr. and Mrs. Lee Sowers. 

There are no stones left standing and it has almost disappeared 
in the brush and weeds. In the 1970s when the cemeteries were 
tabulated several stones could still be read. They were as follows: 

Chezem, John D., Born November 13, 1806 - Died November 
12, 1876; 

Chezem, John, Son of J.D. & Anna, Born June 4, 1830 - Died 
October 18, 1882; 

Chezem, Mary, Daughter of Henry & Mary, Born Febrary 28, 
1871 -Died September 9, 1884; 

Chezem, Rosanna, Daughter of Henry & Mary, Born December 
26, 1870 - Died July 12, 1871; 

Chezem, Charles II, Son of Henry & Mary, Born January 19, 
1875 - Died February 5, 1875. 

The Chezem family moved away from the farm after the death 
of George Chezem, Died April 14, 1924. He is buried in the 
Greenup Cemetery. His wife, Clarissa, moved to Terre Haute, In- 
diana and lived the rest of her life with a daughter, Nora. Other 
members of the family moved to Springfield, Greenup and Terre 
Haute, Indiana. I doubt that the descendants know there is an old 
family cemetery. 


Concord is located four and one-half miles northwest of Neoga, 
Illinois, just south of the pavilion on Lake Mattoon and north of 
the marina. 

It has a good fence surrounding it and a marker stating it was 
the "Former site of the Primitive Baptist Church built in 1884." 

There are many stones with the name of "Ellis or Grose." 

Five Civil War veterans are buried here. 



Crossing is located one mile north of Neoga, Illinois, on the 
Lake Road, then one-half mile east. It is about three-eighths mile 
west of the ICGRR track. 

Many years back a former land owner began to remove the 
stones so he could farm the land. He was stopped by concerned 
citizens and a small area was enclosed in a chain link fence. 

The Crossing School was just east of the cemetery. 

Louis Buchanan of Neoga, Illinois, attended school here in the 
early 1900s. He remembers being told Indians were buried in the 

Winifred Buchanan Bingaman of Neoga, Illinois, walked past 
the cemetery on her way to Crossing School in the early 1900s. 
Winifred said, "She always understood that Indians were buried 
there." She remembers some of the stones in the cemetery as be- 
ing about four feet high with an arch-like top sitting on a small 
base or the ground. 

Today inside the well-kept fenced area are a few stones still ly- 
ing in the southwest corner, the only reminder that this is the final 
resting place of so many who now lie in unmarked graves. 


The Cutright Cemetery is located in Union Township and has 
the distinction of having had three names, Redman, Herr and the 
present, Cutright. 

It's located north of Greenup, Illinois. Take Route 130 to the 
Union Center road, turn right to Union Center. At Union Center 
turn right and go one mile south, then left (east) for one-half mile, 
right again (south) one-fourth mile, to a crushed rock drive, turn 
right (west) and straight ahead to the cemetery. 

John Cutright came to this area from Ohio in 1838 buying 
1,000 acres of land south of Union Center. The old Cutright 
homestead sat southeast of the little Cutright burial ground. 

The first graves were of babies and small children buried on a 
hilltop in the woods. As time passed other settlers died and were 
buried here. 

Later the land came into the possession of the Redman family. 
The name Cutright faded away and it became known as the Red- 
man burial place. In 1880, the cemetery came into the hands of 
the Herr family and soon the fickle-minded community changed 
the name to Herr, though no Herr burials were ever made there. 

Mr. Hughes, a veteran of the War of 1812, lies buried in the 
northeast corner of the cemetery with nothing but a broken piece 
of stone to mark his grave. There are no Hughes stones in the 
cemetery, apparently the family moved away. 

This is a quiet and restful cemetery, certainly well worth 

There are three Civil War veterans buried here and one veteran 
of the War of 1812. 

Amos Cutright provided the information for this article. 


Davidson Cemetery (Union Township) is located east of 
Greenup, Illinois, on the farm of Leonard Robey. Take Route 40 
to the Pleasant Valley Church, turn left (north) one mile. Then left 
(west) to a T-road, turn right (north) one-fourth mile until you 
come to a field road. Left (west) it is about one-fourth mile to the 
woods on the north side of the lane. Do not attempt to drive the 
field road in wet weather. 

The cemetery was apparently established by the first land 
owner, James McKnight. In 1844, he buried a child here, later his 
wife and two more children. The community also used the burial 
ground, John Reed buried two children and there were other 

Davidson Cemetery 

Later McKnight sold the land and through the years the little 
cemetery had several owners and continued to be used by all. 

When Daniel Davidson bought the farm, he spread the word 
there would be no more burials in his cemetery. When a member 
of the community died and the neighboring men gathered to dig 
the grave, Davidson tried to use force to prevent them from dig- 
ging the grave. He was overpowered and the work continued. 

Next came a lawsuit by the commuity to prevent Davidson from 
disturbing the graves or interferring with further burials. They 
won. Davidson then appealed to the State Supreme Court of Il- 
linois, but was ruled against and the little cemetery remained. 

A few years later Mrs. Davidson passed away and was buried in 
the hated graveyard. 

One story told about Davidson was that he was so fearful of not 
having a tombstone for his grave that he bought one and kept it 
crated in his home for the time he would need it. In October 1899, 
Davidson died suddenly and his funeral was held in Pleasant 
Valley Church. He was buried in his cemetery. 

A few stones were found when the cemetery was tabulated in 
1968, but Daniel Davidson's stone was not among them. What 
happened to it, no one knows. 

One Civil War veteran lies buried here, just 18 years old. Chris- 
tian B. Rissler, D. April 1, 1864. His stone is still standing. Other 
names known buried here are Bryan, Fritts, McKnight, Reed and 
Collins. Many stones are gone - there were probably 15 to 20 at 
one time. 

Once the cemetery was on a road, but the road was closed long 
ago. The cemetery was never used after Davidson's death. His 
wish came true after all. 

Information from Marion Kuhn. 


This is a small family cemetery located north of Greenup, Il- 
linois. Take Route 130 to the Union Center Road. Turn right 
(east) and drive to the second road on your right. Go down this 
road about one-half mile until you cross a concrete bridge. The 
cemetery lane is on your left between the bridge and a hill. There 
are several large sycamore trees in the field by the lane. It is about 
one-fourth mile to the cemetery. I advise walking. 

Originally this was the old George Decker farm and belonged to 
the Decker family for several generations. It is now the John 
Graves farm. He continues to care for the cemetery and maintains 
the lane. Visitors are always welcome to the cemetery. 

Names on some of the stones are Decker, Bracken, Coleman, 
Edwards, Handley, Matheny, Michael and Warmon. The last 
burial was Ella Rodebough Decker 1969. 


Drummond Cemetery is located five miles west, then two and 
one-half miles north and one-half mile west of Toledo, Illinois. 

Ben Drummond was the founder of the cemetery. It is told that 
a Price family had a son die and Benjamin told the father to go to 
the knoll behind his house and step off a place and this would be 
used as a burying place. This was William Scott Price, two days 
old, January 23, 1853; his mother, Mary Price, was the second per- 
son on April 12, 1853. A new addition was added on the south side 
of the drive about 1926. In 1926, a monument was erected at the 
entrance to the old part with this wording, "Endowment to be in- 
vested in Federal or Municipal bonds, interest only to be used. 
Endowments: Ann Downey, S600; G. W. Miller, 8500; Isaac Croy, 
S300; J. W. Miller, $550; I. M. McPherson, $300; Small Gifts, 

Drummond Cemetery looking west from newest addition. 

There are many Civil War soldiers buried here. 

The cemetery is well maintained with a good rock road running 
through the older part. There are and were many trees throughout 
the old part, but these are slowly beginning to disappear. There 
are woods along the north and west side giving shade and lending 
a quiet, peaceful feeling while one is visiting the cemetery. The 
Mt. Zion Baptist Church is to the east of the newest addition. 


This cemetery is located east of Greenup, Illinois. Take Route 
40 to the Valley Church, turn south one mile, then right (west) on 
a private drive to the top of the hill. 

Originally this was land belonging to a pioneer, Walter Ruff- 
ner. At the bottom of the hill is low, bottom land, now well drained 
and farmed. But long ago this was under water the year around 
and a stopping place for wild ducks and geese that nested here. 
The area was called Duck Pond. 

Neighbors of the Ruffners were the Fancher family. One day 
Nehemiah Fancher was deer hunting when he happened to climb 
to the top of this hill. Imagine his surprise to find a clearing, bare 
of all trees and brush, surrounded by tall trees, overlooking the 
pond below. 

Soon after this in 1850, a Fancher son died and the father asked 
permission to bury him on top of the hill. Mr. Ruffner offered to 
deed the hilltop to the community as permanent burial ground 
and the Duck Pond Cemetery began. 

It isn't a very large cemetery, but it is fenced and well kept. 

The earliest stone reads: "Alvy Fancher, son of Nehemiah and 
Sarah. Died November 10, 1850, age 16 years, 1 month, 28 days." 

Although the lots have all been taken, there is an occasional 
burial here. The last was that of Jesse Denney, August 16, 1954. 

Information from Bill Brussell 


It is located in the northeast corner of Spring Point Township. 
The land was owned by a Thomas Elliott (1819-1898). The 
cemetery is located on a hill, the west side being very steep. It is 
off the township road to the southeast. A road now runs around 
and through the east side. The east side is a new addition being 
bought from Warren Croy for expansion. At one time it was com- 
pletely fenced, but now only has a fence on the farm land to the 
east and south. The earliest stones show the following: Peter W. 
Elliott, CO.B. 97 ILL. INF. (1829-1878) and Harriette M. Stier- 
walt, Dau. of K. and M. L. Stierwalt, Died July 2, 1873. 

There are six Civil War veterans with stones in this cemetery. 
There may be more buried here as many graves are without 
markers. Over the years many stones have become destroyed by 
livestock, vandalism and weather. 

As a child and adult I was with my Grandfather Decker when he 
would tell of the people buried here and would point out their 
graves. They did not have markers or only a rock or brick to mark 
their graves. He always worried about this. I now wish I had paid 
more attention and could remember the names. 


My Grandfather Decker always spoke of the ghost at Elliott 

When I was first married, we lived about one-half mile north of 
the cemetery and as I had heard the story many times, I again 
asked Grandpa about it. I had also heard older neighbors and 
family members talk about the ghost. 

One story was to have been told by Grandpap Hall. I am not 
sure when this was supposed to have taken place as he died in 

Grandpap Hall's brother was going past the Elliott Cemetery 
and saw the ghost. Grandpap's brother ran and ran and the ghost 
was right behind. They came to a fence and Grandpap's brother 
jumped upon the fence. The ghost jumped up beside him and 
said, "Pretty good race wasn't it." Grandpap Hall's brother 
answered, "Yes, and we'll have another just as soon as I catch my 

Grandpa Decker always told of the mysterious things that hap- 
pended in connection with Josh Elliott who was possessed by a 
ghost. He lived one-half mile north and one-fourth mile west of the 
cemetery. Grandpa Decker said stories were written up, but he 
didn't know by whom or where they were published. People came 
up from St. Louis to see the happenings. Josh Elliott's daughter 
and son-in-law were the victims of many of the incidents. They 
were married in 1918. The ghost apparently didn't like Josh's son- 
in-law, Johnny. A flat iron would follow him around just behind 
his head and he would duck and the iron would fly on by. Johnny 
once took the flat iron with him on his way to Montrose and threw 
it in a ditch. The iron was back home when he got back later. Most 
incidents seemed to take place after dark or after they had gone to 
bed. One night a buggy fifth wheel rolled across the bed Johnny 
and his wife were in. Objects would fly across the room hitting the 
walls. The lights would go out and the door would open and close. 
A rocking chair would rock when no one was sitting in it. Grandpa 
Decker was present at the death of Josh Elliott in 1920. He had 
shot himself and lived several days. Grandpa said Josh died a ter- 
rible death. Grandpa described the bed shaking and rattling. As 


Josh died, Grandpa Decker said, "The bed springs played a 
tune." I understood Grandpa as saying this was because the ghost 
didn't want to die and he would die when Josh did. Grandpa 
Decker believed this is what did happen upon the death of Josh as 
there were no more mysterious happenings after that. 

Another incident was of a man, I believe it was a friend or 
neighbor, staying overnight. After everyone had gone to bed, the 
noises began. It sounded like furniture being moved across the 
floor. He reached out and grabbed a hold of a chair that was by 
his bed determined that the chair would not be moved. Suddenly 
it sounded like a club hitting the head of his bed and he let go of 
that chair really quick. He had changed his mind and the ghost 
was welcome to the chair. 


Go west out of Toledo, Illinois, on Route 121 about two miles 
(just past the Berry Cemetery) and turn left (south). Continue on 
this road for three miles. When the blacktop turns right (west) 
continue south on the gravel road. Just past a sub-station, look for 
a lane on the right side of the road. The lane is graveled and isn't 
safe in wet weather. 


„ d^ 

Farmer Cemetery 

The cemetery is fenced and there was supposed to be a gate. 
There have been no burials for several yers, but is still open for 
use. I found three Civil War stones. 

There are many unmarked graves including a little gypsy girl 
buried in the southeast corner by the gate. 

The oldest burials seem to be those of: Russells; Seelys; 

Mary, Daughter of C. B. and Susan Redfern, Died - October 19, 

Susan Redfern, Wife of C. B., Died - September 13, 1859, age 
16 years, 9 months, and child. 

The frontier was not a healthful place, ague, cholera, millsick 
and fevers took a heavy toll and women and children suffered 


The cemetery is located west and north of Montrose, Illinois. 
Take the road north out of town to the Montrose and St. Rose 
cemeteries. Turn left (west) on an oiled road, go to a corner, turn 
right. The cemetery is about one-fourth mile on the left side of the 

The cemetery was donated by Noah and Sarah Faunce, October 
12, 1866. The trustees were W. Spitler (chairman), N. W. Faunce 
(secretary), Thomas Gibbons and A. H. Faunce. 

Wayne Printz has the original deed written on a piece of brown 
wrapping paper. 

The only other addition was made about 1960 when three feet 
was bought on the west side from Bernard Haskenharm. A chain 
link fence was built around the cemetery at this time. 

Just to the right, as you go through the gate, is an area reserved 
for indigent families. There are no stones here and it is believed 

that mostly babies, small children and young mothers are buried 
here. The area is full and has been for many years. 

There are four very large granite tombstones in the cemetery. 
One is on the gravesite of Newton Gibbons family plot. Mr. Gib- 
bons was the first provost marshal of this area in 1878. I was told 
his stone required three teams of horses to haul it from the 
railroad to the graveyard and place on the base. 

Another large stone is on the grave of Senator Lawrence Gates 
Sherman 1855-1939. He was appointed United States senator in 
1913 by Governor Charles Deneen to replace the late Senator 
Wm. Larimer. Sherman was elected one term, 1915-1921. His 
wife, Mary Estelle Spitler, preceded him in death and was buried 
here in 1910. 

I was told of one man, back in the early days of the cemetery, 
who bartered enough hedge fence posts to build a fence around 
the cemetery in exchange for burial space for himself and his 

There are many open places in the cemetery which are un- 
marked graves. The graveyard is full with no lots for sale. 


The first record of this graveyard reads as follows on page one 
of the meeting book. "At a meeting held at the school house in 
district No 3 Twp. 9 Range 7 Cumberland County and State of Il- 
linois on Saturday Oct 12th, 1876 for the purpose of electing 
trustee's of grave yard known as The Faunce Grave Yard. W. 
Spitler was chosen chairman and N. W. Faunce Secretary of 
meeting. Thomas D. Gibbons, A. H. Faunce and W. Spitler duly 
elected trustees." 

The trustees measured off the ground in company with N. W. 
Faunce and others. 

"Beginning at the N.E. corner of the S.E. quarter of Section 34, 
and running West 12 rods, thence South 13 rods, thence East 12 
with the section line North 13 rods to place of beginning. N. W. 
Faunce Sec. and W. Spitler chairman. 

"Subscribe and sworn before me May 12, 1877 W. L. Bruster" 

"In April of 1879, the trustees had the above named graveyard 
enclosed with a good board fence by David Spitler for the sum of 
$38.00 and then laid the ground off in lots and sold them at $2.00 
dollars a lot, out of which the said Spitler is to receive his pay. 
There is an alley on the North East and West of five feet, on the 
South 25 feet and Alleys five feet wide between the lots except 50, 
51, 57, 58, 66 and 67. The deed to the foregoing named grave yard 
is on record in volume 29 page 420 in Prairie City, Cumb. Co., 

In with the records was a piece of brown paper bag which they 
had had a meeting recorded on. It read as follows: "August 19th, 
1895 at an election held at the Faunce Grave Yard. George 
Wilkens was duly elected, motion made by T. D. Gibbons that 
there be a tax of 25 cents levy on every person holding a lot." 

Current trustees are Everett Scott, Wayne Printz and Milton 

Noah W. Faunce and Sarah Faunce gave Warranty Deed dated 
Oct. 23, 1866, to trustees of Grave Yard. Noah W. Faunce and 
Sarah Faunce were Milton McKinney's great-grandparents. 



The Feltner Cemetery is located near Greenup, Illinois. Go west 
on Lincoln Street until the street turns south at the elevator, con- 
tinue south under 1-70 and the Penn Railroad. Turn right at the 
first road, drive about three miles. The cemetery is on the right 
side of the road. 

It has an iron fence around it and is fairly well kept. It is the 
only family cemetery owned by the Greenup Township. 

Some of the stones are three infants of L. C. and L. B. Feltner; 
Harriet, wife of J. Feltner, Died May 9, 1866 (same stone); John 
Feltner Died October 6, 1876; Lieut. J. A. Rawlings CO. A. 97th 
Inf. (Civil War). 

Several small stones are broken or without inscriptions. 


1: . ■' 



Feltner Cemetery 


This little burial ground was located one mile southwest of the 
Jewett Cemetery and off on the left side to the Muddy Creek 

In the early 1880s, a small group of Negros settled in this area. 
The family names were Derrickson, Derixson, Brown, Estel and 
Ferguson. The graves are all believed to be babies and children, 
probably buried in the years between 1880 and 1905, and few in 
number. They were all marked with large field stones. The 
families have moved away long ago and the exact cemetery site 
has been lost. 

There is another article in this book about these people. Look 
in the index for Derrickson. 


This old family cemetery is located west out of Greenup, Il- 
linois, on Route 121, turn right (north) about one-fourth mile past 
the high school and drive six miles. Make a jog left (west) and 
right (back north) again for one mile. You will come to a T-road, 
turn right (east) one-half mile and one-fourth mile south. The 
cemetery is on private property belonging to Glena Tippit Mullen. 
Go in dry weather, preferably with a guide. It is hard to find and 
some walking will be necessary. 

At one time there were several Fox families living in the area. 
The cemetery was on the farm of Nicholas Fox. After Mr. Heath 
bought the land, he refused to allow any more burials in the 
cemetery. Mr. Fox is supposed to have asked permission to be 
buried here and was denied. 

Much later a Fox family member had a fence built around the 
little burial ground, but with time it has completely rusted away. 

At one time there may have been two dozen graves, many with 
stones. Now it's condensed to about 20 square feet. Some stones 
were supposed to have been carried away and thrown in an old 
well. A few are still propped against a fence or tree. 

I was told the first burial was William Waldroop in 1837, 
although his stone was not found when the cemetery was 
tabulated in 1968. Possibly the Waldroop family were here first or 
else were related to the Fox family. The name Waldroop is also 
spelled Waldrop. Information from Ralph McCormick. 


This cemetery is located west of Greenup, Illinois, on Route 121 
to the high school, turn right (north) and drive about one and one- 
half miles. 

This is a well-kept cemetery beside the church. The burial 
ground was given to Friends Grove by William and Mary A. 
Munger-Hubbert, the deed was signed January 26, 1875. 

The first recorded burial was little Eva G. Sincox, March 14, 
1875 - age 12 years and ten months. 

There are several unmarked graves and about the same number 
of old and new stones. 

7..- ,-'ii-ii'i"^i'^ 

Friends Grove Cemetery 


Garrett Cemetery (Union Township) is located east of Greenup, 
Illinois, on Route 40 to Vevay Park, turn left (north) one-half mile, 
then left (west) one-fourth mile. 

In the middle 1800s, George Garrett drove a team of burros 
from Ohio to the eastern side of Cumberland County bringing his 
family and possessions. He bought 100 acres of land, setting aside 
one-half acre for a family burial ground. There are 25 stones and 
a few unmarked graves. The last burial was that of Louis Garrett 
in the 1950s, a World War II veteran. 

Thanks to Dale Lacey for this information. 

Garrett Cemetery 


To find this little cemetery, go west out of Toledo, Illinois, on 
Route 121 for three miles. Turn right (north) for two miles, then 
east one-fourth mile. It's on the left side of the road back in a 
pasture about 500 feet. There is no road, walking will be 
necessary. It's on land owned by Clark Gardner and Genetta 

This was once a nice community cemetery fenced and cared for. 
Now it's overgrown with brush and large trees. Most of the stones 
are gone or else broken into bits. There may be two or three still 
standing. It's said that the burial ground is filled to capacity and 
the last grave was dug on both sides of the fence because there 
was no room for another full-sized grave inside the fence. 

In 1968, when the cemeteries were tabulated, names on stones 
were Barger, Brewster, Cooter, Cowan, Crogg, Pickering and Prit- 
chard, early dates are 1851 and 1852. There have been no burials 
in this century. 



The early history of the Greenup Cemetery seems to be lost in 
the mist of time. It is the oldest one in the county and was prob- 
ably started as a family graveyard by the Decius or Jackson fam- 
ily. The oldest tombstones are those of babies, Emmau Jackson 
September 8, 1812, age eight months, and Emma Jackson, 
September 12, 18 months. Catherine Decius, wife of Abraham, 
died November 20, 1816. Two infant daughters preceded her in 
death, 1814 and 1815. There were many burials in the early 1820s. 
By 1860, our local newspaper described the Greenup Cemetery as 
being heavily populated. 

The first owner of the graveyard may have been Joseph Bar- 
bour. We know he bought land in this vicinity although I could 
find no confirming record. 

It is known the Ewart family moved to Greenup between 1850 
and 1855 and bought land in this area including the old cemetery. 
John P. Ewart sold cemetery plots for several years. His large 
tombstone is in the old south part. Donald Ewart, youngest son of 
John P., sold lots until the 1960s. 

June 7, 1989, Beulah Ewart Brower and daughters. Sue Peters 
and Mabel Lynn Benson, sold the remaining four acres of Ewart 
land to the township trustees. This ground is on the west side of 
the cemetery and is now in the process of being cleared and filled 
for cemetery use. There will be a circle drive built here in the near 

The Emmett Havens addition was north of the Ewart land be- 
tween the middle square and the north circle drive. There are 
about 12 acres and it was obtained November 9, 1921. 

The land on the far north end, where the circle is now, was pur- 
chased from Elizabeth Mullens Oakley and Ora Mullens, June 15, 

The cemetery contains approximately 25 acres and an 
estimated 2,000 graves. The trustees (1992) are John Roberts Jr., 
Richard Button, Reece Wakefield and Raymond James. 

The Memorial Park was donated by Nick Ettlebrick I to the 
ladies of the Bi-Weekly Club with the stipulation it could never be 
used for any other purpose. An impressive new memorial stone 
honoring all veterans was set in the northeast corner in the sum- 
mer of 1991. There are 137 Civil War, two Spanish-American and 
many veterans from later wars buried in the cemetery. 

The cemetery is cared for by the township, but this hasn't 
always been so. In the early 1900s, Mr. Conzet gave the present 
I.O.O.F. building and the west building of the D & M Hardware 
store to the I.O.O.F. Lodge in return for the assurance that the 
family grave sites would always be maintained. 

Other notes out of old Greenup newspapers are the 16-foot 
monument described "as the highest in the cemetery," erected in 
1895 by Mrs. D. L. Peters for her late husband, David Peters. 

March 1908, the town was letting bids to complete the sidewalks 
leading to the cemetery. 

1895 was the first year veterans were furnished free tombstones. 
The only expense to the family was receiving the stone at the 
depot and placing in the cemetery. 


This old family graveyard is located south of Toledo on the Clif- 
ford Sherwood farm. Go south on Route 121 to the second curve, 
continue south on the blacktop and turn on the first road to the 
right (west). The little cemetery is on the north side of the road, 
around a pond, in the edge of the woods. Some walking will be 

I have been told there were six or seven stones here several 
years ago. Now there are only broken pieces with possibly one still 
standing. In 1968, when the cemeteries were tabulated, this stone 

could still be read: Elizabeth Armer, Wife of John, Died February 
23, 1844, age 47 years, with this verse: 

"Sleep on now and take your rest. God called you home, 

He tho't it best. It's hard indeed to understand thee, But 

Christ's strong arm supported me." 

John and Elizabeth bought their land from the Palestine Land 

Office and moved to the area about 1840. They lived near here 

with their little family until Elizabeth's death. 

Several years later Reuben Greeson bought the farm and the 
graveyard has been called the Greeson ever since. 


It is located north of Toledo, Illinois, to the Bradbury Road. 
Turn left (west) about one and one-half miles until you come to the 
cemetery sign, on the right (north) side of the road. Turn down 
this graveled drive to the hilltop. 

It is well fenced and mowed by the township several times a 

This land was bought by Henry Smith on November 11, 1836. 
He came to Cumberland County with his wife, Mary Haggin 
Smith, and stepson John Haggin, from Kentucky. Mary was a doc- 
tor, growing and gathering herbs and preparing her own 
medicines. She rode many miles to care for the settlers in the area. 

By 1868, apparently John Haggin had inherited the farm which 
he promptly lost in a card game to Joseph Berry. This included 
the Haggin Cemetery. 

Henry Smith died soon after settling here and it is thought his 
was the first burial. Other members of the Haggin family died and 
were buried here although no stones were ever set at their graves. 
After a few years the road was changed and no longer passed the 
graveyard although the burying continued. The way in was by a 
lane. The last burial was that of Woodrow Gaines, 1876 to 1941. 

There are many burials here with stones in good condition as 
well as some marked with field stones. 

Here are a few of the names, Harvey, Berry, Fulfer, James, 
Blakely, Carwells, Haggins, Struevs, Browns and Furrys. 


Harmony Cemetery is located two miles north of Greenup, Il- 
linois, on Route 130. Turn left at the second road and go around 
the hill about one-fourth mile. 

There was an Indian burial ground on the top of the hill. When 
the early settlers began to bury their dead, they used the slope of 
the hill and the Indian graves were not disturbed. This cemetery 
was called the Free Indian Graveyard. 

The adjoining land was first owned by John Elder and later H. 
J. Hickle. On April 2, 1909, H. J. Hickle sold to L. A. and Harriet 

The Stewarts made a drive along the north side of the old 
graveyard and added a second section to the cemetery. It was 
called Peach Blossom or Peach Tree Cemetery. It was named for 
the many peach trees scattered on the hillside. 

The third section was added by Luther Fred Stewart who later 
sold to the township. 

The Friends Harmony Church was built adjacent to the 
cemetery in 1876. As time passed, the cemetery was called Har- 
mony and associated with the church. 

It's a beautiful well-kept cemetery. For many years, Buddy 
Shelton and later Bill Decker cultivated a flower garden on the old 
Indian burial ground and no burials have ever been allowed on 
the hilltop. There were many peony plants and cedar trees scat- 
tered throughout the cemetery. The trees are gone now and most 
of the peonies and the name, Peach Tree, has been forgotten. 

Information from Louise Williams and Eleanor Outright. 



The year was 1848. Rachel White and her husband, Alexander, 
walked out from their pioneer home to a knoll where their cattle 
grazed. No fence to speak of confined the animals and Rachel and 
Alex were rounding them up for evening milking. They paused on 
the gentle slope overlooking Crooked Creek and rested for a while 
under the big pines. Rachel, who hadn't been feeling too well of 
late, said to Alex, "If I do not get over this sick spell, I want you to 
lay me to rest here under these beautiful old trees." And so, in 
January of the year 1849, it was done. Her grave was the begin- 
ning of a cemetery holding scores of our early settlers, neighbors, 
friends and our war veterans. 

In 1866, a warranty deed was issued to the trustees of the 
graveyard surrounding the Union Church, situated on the north 
side of the road at the west edge of Hazel Dell consisting of one 
and one-half acres by John B. Kelly and his wife, Celina Kelly. 

In time all available lots were reserved and when Charles 
Barkley, son of Will Henry Barkley, early settler of our commu- 
nity, was taken sick and died in early manhood, in the year 1892, he 
was laid to rest across the roadway in a new plot provided then for 
the future. These two cemeteries, the Old North and newer South, 
are situated in the west edge of Hazel Dell, on the high ground 
above Crooked Creek and close by the two churches. A monument 
to our World War I veterans stands at the entrance to South 
Cemetery. The monument was erected around the year 1920 by 
local men and boys and serves as a memorial to earlier and later 
heroes as well and is a focal point for Decoration Day services 
every year. 

Hazel Dell Cemeteries 

Some 68 soldiers lie in the Old North Cemetery. More than 80 
veterans rest in South Cemetery. According to information from 
the State Archives in Springfield, there are 35 Civil War veterans 
and one from the War of 1812. ..and to date some 15 other 
veterans of later conflicts: Spanish and Philippine wars. World 
War I and World War II. More than 150 soldiers' graves are 
decorated each Memorial Day in the Hazel Dell cemeteries. 

No abandoned cemeteries these — the new occupants arrive 
unceasingly and the boundaries are pushed farther out as the 
years go on. The grounds are beautifully well kept so the wish of 
any and all who cherish a claim to old Hazel Dell village, through 
ancestry or previous residences, seems to be for a final resting 
place in either of these two spots. 

The "Rachel" of this account was the wife of Alexander White 
who was granted land in 1846 from the United States Land Office, 
much of the land on which Hazel Dell was later plotted. 

Today, 1992, the headstones of Rachel White, her husband, 
Alexander, and others of the White family can be found on the hill 
overlooking the same creek and meadow. A few of the "old pine 
trees" grown in the cemetery are left, but they are pretty well 
destroyed by wind and ice storms. 


In the middle or early 1920s after World War I, citizens of the 
Hazel Dell community decided they wanted a memorial set up to 
commemorate those of the Hazel Dell area who gave their lives 
and whose fate remains unknown. Perhaps other communities 
were setting monuments at that time and since Hazel Dell was a 
thriving and up-to-date village, they became interested in erecting 

First a decision was made where the monument would be 
placed. On the south side of the road at the entrance of the new 
cemetery was a place visible to all passersby. 

Holly Timmons and other interested persons canvassed the 
neighborhood for funds and with the help of his son Ike, Bruce 
Kelly and son Wayne, and Milt Kelly, work began. The boys, Ike 
and Wayne, and their teams of horses moved the necessary soil 
from the roadside bank north of the proposed monument site. 
Clone Markwell of Casey gave the monument at cost and donated 
the cement for the concrete form and sidewalk on all four sides of 
the monument. 

Soldiers' monument, Memorial Day Services at Hazel Dell Cemetery. 

After the monument was finished. Holly and Ike decided a 
background was needed as a finishing touch. So about 20 feet 
south of the monument a trellis of wood and woven wire was 
made. Honeysuckle vines were set out and soon a dense screen 
was formed. This honeysuckle-covered trellis remained until the 
ground breaking for the new Church of God in 1939 made it 
necessary to destroy it. 


The Hill Cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois, to the 
Union Center Road then two miles east. At the second crossroad, 
it's on the farm of Gary McMechan. The burial ground is south 
about one-fourth mile on top of a steep hill. I understand there is 
no path up to the cemetery and it has been neglected. It's a small 
family burial ground with only a few stones although there may be 
some unmarked graves. The oldest stone reads 1869 and there 
have been no new burials since the early 1900s. 


This cemetery is located north of Toledo, Illinois, to Bradbury, 
then right (east) about four miles, then south one-fourth mile 
across the field. It may be hard to find without help. Go in dry 

It's a very old burial ground, located in the Sconce Bend area. 
At one time there were probably 15 cabins here, rivaling Greenup 
in size, and was even considered for the county seat. It's all gone 
now except the cemetery. 

Cumberland County's first sheriff, Thomas Sconce, lived here 
and the area was named for his family. He was sheriff from 1843 
to 1848 and is buried here. His original stone was only a small 
white slab. In the late 1930s, Clint Walters, township supervisor, 


Hutton Cemetery 

and 0. K. Carrell decided our first sheriff should have a more 
pretentious stone. One was bought and set on the grave. It reads: 
Thomas Sconce, Born October 28, 1796; Died July 10, 1848. 

Other names on stones are Heddins, Hutton, Kirkling, McMor- 
ris, Black, Teets and Brown. 

This cemetery is mowed and cared for by the township. 

Another interesting bit of history about this community is the 
sheriff also furnished his own jail. It was a huge, hollow, sweet 
gum log. A prisoner climbed a ladder and was let down the inside 
with a rope. A large flat rock was then placed on top to prevent a 
jail break. 

Information from Aleen Ryan and Charles Hutton. 


This cemetery is located about one and three-fourths miles 
north of Neoga, Illinois, with the Illinois Central Gulf tracks on 
the west and the township road on the east and just south of Bush 
Creek, now a finger of Lake Mattoon. The Illinois Central 
Railroad "inherited" the cemetery when it obtained the right of 
way. The ICRR received its charter on February 10, 1851, to con- 
struct its lines in Illinois. The 1853 land deed of sale of the right 
of way to the ICRR specifically excludes a portion of the land 
"opposite to two graves." The official right-of-way map shows the 
tiny rectangle near milepost 182 as a "Burial Ground." 

In the early days Illinois was not healthful and cholera, fever 
and milk sickness took many lives and the children especially suf- 
fered. Two of these pioneer children were buried here on a knoll 
among the cedar and fir trees. They are the children of Stephen 
and Pricilla Wait. A daughter, Mariah, died on October 27, 1852, 
at the age of seven, and a son, Luther, who died on November 5, 
1852, age 11. Later another child followed, Harvey, son of S. D. 
and P. A. Parks, who died on August 15, 1854, at the age of one 

The children's graves could have been forgotten and neglected, 
but throughout the years ICRR section forces have cared for the 
graves, cutting weeds and in 1951, plantings were made and a 
small fence added to outline the final resting place. Former sec- 
tion foreman Lon E. Bishop in 1967 recalled this incident. 

"Water running off the right of way toward the creek was 
threatening to wash out the little graveyard. In 1918, Division 
Superintendent H. Battisfore told Foreman W. Roby, 'I don't 
care how much it costs or what it takes, keep the water off the 
graves.' " Bishop remembers helping unload three or four 
carloads of riprap stone to shore up the graveyard and to divert 
the water flow around it. 

Illinois Central Pioneer Cemetery 

Another time he recalled was when the trees had grown tall and 
bushy. Linemen had topped the trees so they would not interfere 
with the power lines and left branches and limbs covering the 

In the early 1950s the railroad dug a deep ditch along the 
tracks and a dragline operator working there called attention to 
the headstones and the ditch went around the knoll. 

For 140 years the children have slept their eternal sleep in this 
peaceful setting. The headstones are still legible with a marker at 
the foot of each grave. The cedar and fir trees that once marked 
the graves are now gone and work is needed to clear back the 
small brush that is beginning to overtake the site. 


The Jack Oak Cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois, on 
Route 130. Take the Union Center Road east one-fourth mile to 
the Jack Oak Church. 

About 1976, Everett and Maurine Decker gave two acres of 
land for a community cemetery. It is not a township cemetery and 
is taken care of by the trustees. 

It's an attractive cemetery with a custom-made name plate arch 
at the entrance. 

The first burial was that of Clifford Kuhn in 1976. 

There are now 25 graves. 

Jack Oak Cemetery 


The cemetery is west of the town of Jewett, Illinois, and can be 
reached by either Main Street Road (which is part of the old 
Cumberland Trail) or Route 40. A black wrought iron cemetery 
nameplate faces Route 40. It's owned by the township and con- 
sists of about three acres. 

I could find out very little about the old (east) part. The family 
names of Beals, Boggs, Browning, Goldsby and House have 
gravestones dating back to 1845 and early 1850s. The new part 
was donated by the Glasner family. 

The state archives list 14 Civil War, nine World War I, and two 
World War II veterans. 

It is an attractive, well-kept cemetery with many beautiful old 
evergreen trees in the east part. 



Jewett Cemetery 


This old pioneer cemetery is located east of Greenup, Illinois, 
to the Pleasant Valley Church, turn left (north), drive seven miles 
until you come to the Union Church. Across the road from the 
church is the land leading to the cemetery. 

The cemetery is pleasantly located on a bluff overlooking Hur- 
ricane Creek. There is one very large old cedar tree and several 
smaller ones. 

It's supposed the old north half of the cemetery was donated by 
George and Mary Ann Johnson. They came to Illinois from In- 
diana about 1840. A few years later William Johnson, age 19 
years, was buried here on September 21, 1843. He was too old to 
be their son, but was surely a relative. It is certain that Mary Ann 
gave the south half of the cemetery after her husband died in 

There are seven Civil War veterans buried here, also veterans 
of later wars. 

The cemetery is still being used and is well kept although many 
stones in the old section have fallen down and some are broken. 


This little family cemetery is located near Montrose, Illinois. 
Take the service road east about one-fourth mile to a lane going 
north (right). The lane ends at an old house site. The cemetery is 
north and west on the slope of a hill. The lane is not in good con- 
dition, walking is advised. 

Samuel Kingery migrated from Madison, Ohio, to what was 
then Coles County in 1834. He bought 80 acres from the govern- 
ment and built a log cabin. He returned to Ohio for his family, 
bringing them back the next year. He was the father of eight sons 
and three daughters. 

His son, Elias Elvert Kingery, also bought 80 acres from the 
government August 4, 1838. The cemetery site is on this land. 
The next year Elias sold this land to his father in August 1839. 

Samuel Kingery died April 5, 1843, and was the first to be 
buried in the family graveyard. There are at least 40 graves in the 
cemetery, many without stones. 

The Kingery is the second oldest cemetery in the county. 
Needham has the honor of being the first. 

The last burials were Emma Jane Ritz, 1884-1946, and Flora 
Randolph, 1876-1939. 


This is an old family graveyard located north of Greenup, Il- 
linois. Take Route 130 to the Union Center Road, turn right (east) 
to the Jack Oak Church. It is about one mile south (right) on a hill- 
top overlooking Hurricane Creek bottom on land now owned by 
Everett Decker. It would be hard to find the exact location 
without help. 

The cemetery was first established by W. Kirkling. He bought 
the land on April 15, 1839. Tradition has it that an Indian burial 
ground was located here. 

According to Forest Hampsten, the stones are all gone and the 

field has been plowed and planted. He also told of attending the 
last burial there, about 80 years ago. 

Andy Vantassel was teaching at the Jack Oak School, Forest 
was one of the pupils. Mr. Vantassel dismissed the children and 
teacher and pupils followed the procession to the graveyard. 

Guy Carrell gave information about his relatives who are buried 
in the cemetery: 

Jane Brewer, died May 23, 1845, 52 years; 

Winfred Scott, died March 27, 1848, eight months; 

Angela Kirkling, died September 18, 1846, 21 years; 

Mary McCollough, died August 10, 1846, ten months; 

Micky Branson, died August 5, 1853, five years; 

William A. Brewer, died April 18, 1848, two years. 

At one time there were several Kirkling stones, also graves 
marked with field stones. 


This cemetery is located three miles south of Greenup, Illinois, 
on Route 130 to the Liberty Hill Community Center, then one- 
fourth mile east to the church. 

It is a rather small cemetery with a beautiful old tree overlook- 
ing the graves. 

It's thought that the burial ground was donated by J. L. Wright 
at about the same time the church was built. 

The first funeral in the church and the first burial was that of 
the little daughter of J. L. and Missouri Wright on February 17, 
1888. Later the same year the mother, Missouri Wright, was laid 
to rest by her little daughter on August 6, 1888. Also on the same 
day little Dellie Strader was buried at the age of three months. 

The state archives list two Civil War veterans buried here, but I 
could only find one stone. 

In the spring of 1990, Carl Paden donated 81,000 to the 
cemetery fund for the purpose of repairing the old tombstones. 
Many have been reset or repaired. 


Lockhart is located one and one-half miles north of Neoga, Il- 
linois, on the now Lake Mattoon road, then west three-eighths 
mile, then north one-fourth mile on the short subdivision road, 
then west following the road around to the southwest corner of the 
subdivision overlooking Lake Mattoon. 

The cemetery is fenced in, but should include 100 feet south of 
the fenced area where old wooden box graves and wooden 
markers were at one time. 

There are three Civil War veterans here. 

This cemetery is no longer used; the last burial was around 

The fence is in poor condition and many of the old stones are 
beginning to fall over. 


Long Point Cemetery is located three miles west and north one 
and one-half miles of Casey, Illinois. 

,' .*1i 



About the year 1849, David Fancher moved with his family to 
this area. With the help of a few neighbors he started a church 
and burial ground. 

This cemetery was probably the only one in the county to have 
its own oil field. Starting in July 1906, there were seven oil wells 
drilled on church and cemetery property. One well paid a small 
royalty check monthly for many years. 

The church is gone now and so are the oil wells. 

The cemetery is mowed and cared for by the township. 


Long Point is located about four miles southeast of Neoga, Il- 
linois. The official name is Kingman-Cline as there is another 
Long Point Cemetery on the east side of the county near Casey, Il- 
linois, and they are often confused. The cemetery is all that re- 
mains of the once prosperous community of Long Point. Long 
Point was one of five polling places listed when Cumberland 
County separated from Coles County in 1843. The town and old 
cemetery were located a little northwest of the present cemetery. 

H. C. Cline deeded land for the present cemetery in 1862 when 
his father-in-law died. 

In 1895, John Morrison, a Methodist minister who owned adja- 
cent land, gave additional land to build the first church. 

Sometime in 1895, John Henry Kimery, William Cline, Joe 
Cline and others moved the graves to the new cemetery. The John 
Gilpin grave (February 2, 1858, age 56 years) was the only grave 
not moved. His family refused to let his be moved. 

The cemetery has expanded over the years west of the original 
church and churchyard site and into the new part, the last church 
being torn down in 1966. There are 21 Civil War, one Mexican 
War and two Spanish-American War veterans buried here. There 
were six stones that had weathered so badly that in 1970 when the 
cemetery was read, they were unreadable. 

Today the cemetery is well kept and a large cedar tree shades 
the old part of the cemetery. The lane runs from east to west 
almost in the center with the township road running along the 
north and west sides. A small grove of trees stands on the far 
northwest corner. 

It has a very old and interesting section of pioneer stones on the 
east side of the drive with new and more modern stones on the 

James Mullen was the first land owner, buying from the govern- 
ment January 11, 1840. The cemetery was probably started as a 
family burial ground with the death of James Mullen. He passed 
away July 13, 1846, age 71 years. Five members of his family were 
buried here in the next 11 years. It apparently became a com- 
munity cemetery with many burials between the death of James 
Mullen and September 1889, when Levi C. Hall and Sarah Ann 
Hall sold one acre to the Mullen Cemetery trustees. 

More land was needed by July 2, 1908, when Andrew Hall sold 
another acre to the cemetery trustees, H. G. Thayer, W. W. 
Grissom and G. Kingery. 


Mullen Cemetery 

The most recent addition was January 8, 1975, when Mary Tan- 
ner granted more ground in consideration of 810.00 making it 
possible to build a circle drive from the north around the south 
end. There are now approximately three acres. 

The cemetery is cared for by the township and is neat and well 

There are six Civil War and one Spanish-American veterans, 
also veterans from later wars buried here. 


The Yanaway Cemetery had probably been a family burial 
ground for many years when Isreal W. Yanaway gave land for a 
community cemetery. The earliest burials were the wife of Henry 
Yanaway, born November 1, 1786, died April 13, 1864. Her name 
can no longer be read on the stone and Charles Yanaway, son of 
S. S. and M. E., died December 23, 1869. 

After the Macedonia Baptist Church was built, the name 
Yanaway faded away and the cemetery was known as the 

More land was needed and on April 9, 1889, Melissa Harmason 
sold one-half acre of land for $20.00 to the cemetery. A few years 
later on October 25, 1902, W. S. and OUie Emrick were paid 
$50.00 for another acre of cemetery land. 

A few years ago the fence was taken down between the church 
and the graveyard. It's an attractive and well-cared-for cemetery. 

It's located about two miles north of Casey, Illinois. Go on 
Route 49 until you see the church sign, turn left (west) two miles 
until you come to a T. Turn left about one-fourth mile. 


This cemetery is located east and north of Montrose, Illinois. 
Take Route *40 east two miles, turn left (north), go to the Mullen 
Baptist Church. The cemetery is west about one-eighth mile. 


Neal Cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois, on Route 
130. Turn right on Gravel Pit Road. Go to the top of the river hill 
and continue due south to the Bill Reeder farm. The cemetery is 
east of the road across a pasture. At one time there was a road 
south of the Clear Creek Church, but it has gone back to the 

It has a fence around it and is mowed by the township. Many of 
the stones are broken or fallen over. There are several stones still 
intact, also one grave with an iron cover. 

I will list only a few of the names: Woodrow, Wall, Carells, 
Franklin, Dowden, Neal and Brewer. There are many broken 
stones that could not be read. 


This cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois. Go north on 
Route 130 to the Union Center Road, two miles east and one mile 
back north. 

The community was given a warranty deed for the cemetery 
plat April 7, 1891. The grantors were Sarah and George Jobe and 
Hannah Cook. At this time the cemetery was already very old and 
may have been a family burial ground belonging to the Cook 

The earliest stone seems to be that of a baby, Mary E. Darter, 
daughter of G. L. and M. A., died February 22, 1832, age 28 days. 


Mt. Zion or Nebo Cemetery 

About 1845 to 1848, the Mt. Zion Separate Baptist Church was 
built close by the south side of the cemetery. 

Both church and cemetery are commonly called Nebo. No one 
seems to know where the nickname came from, but this is a 
neighborhood of nicknames. The cemetery is still used and is 
fenced and well cared for. 


The old pioneer cemetery is located west and north of Mont- 
rose, Illinois. Take the road out of town to the Montrose and St. 
Rose cemeteries. Turn left (west) on an oiled road, make a right 
(north) when you come to a corner. About one-fourth mile north 
you will come to the Faunce Cemetery, curve around to the left 
(west) to a T-road, turn right about one-half mile. The little 
cemetery is on the right (east) side of the road, overgrown with 
many old cedar trees. 

I could not find anyone who knew the early history, but assume 
it started as the Needham family cemetery or else was a 
neighborhood cemetery on the Needham land. It is apparently the 
oldest cemetery in the community. Many of the tombstones are 
down, others weathered away and can no longer be read. When 

Needham Cemetery 

the cemeteries were tabulated in 1969, the oldest stone was Wiley 
C. Vales, died October 11, 1801, age 1 1 years, also, Mary D. Vales, 
daughter of W. 0. and L. J., died April 18, 1826, two years. 

I was told of two incidents that happened many years ago and 
the victims were buried here in the Needham graveyard. One, a 
horse thief, was caught in Montrose and was executed at sunrise. 
Some sly he was hung, others say he was shot. Justice was swift on 
the frontier. 

The other was an Indian that came into town on the train, stay- 
ing at the hotel or rooming house in Montrose. Every day he 
would take a pick and shovel and go out into the woods. Several 
times he was followed, but always managed to elude the men. Un- 
fortunately, he became ill with influenza and died. What he was 
looking for remains a mystery to this day. Their graves are pro- 
bably two of the unmarked burial places in the cemetery. 


The Neoga Memorial Cemetery is located one-half mile south of 
the town of Neoga, Illinois, and then west across the Illinois Cen- 
tral Gulf track. 

At the time Neoga Memorial Cemetery was founded, many 
rural churches had adjoining cemeteries that were still used. 
Many other churches and their cemeteries had been abandoned 
or neglected. Therefore, Neoga Memorial was founded as a cen- 
tral burying ground. 

The first lot was sold to Robert E. McAllister in the year of 
1872. It is located north of the entrance and is noted for its round 
headstone. During the first three years, lots sold for 815. 

In 1924, the Voris heirs deeded three-fourths of an acre in the 
northeast section with the stipulation that money from the sale of 
lots be added to an endowment fund, the interest to be used for 
perpetual care of the cemetery. An endowment fund was sought 
and mainly due to the efforts of Mrs. Ambler (Duluth) Wilson, one 
of the originators of the plan, S9,000 was raised. 

In 1938, an addition of six and one-half acres was presented to 
the city by Mr. Frank Kendall and Mrs. Mary Stewart. A bronze 
tablet was placed at the cemetery to commemorate this act. It is 
located toward the northwest corner of the cemetery. 

In 1948, a township cemetery board was created and a tax 
levied to maintain all the cemeteries in the township. Those 
cemeteries include Buchanan, Crossing, Zion, Long Point, Neoga 
Memorial, Concord, Lockhart and Drummond. 

The center drive leads to the G.A.R. Memorial in the center of 
the cemetery. The memorial was moved from its original place in 
the old East Park. The school children purchased it with pennies 
they had collected. 

In 1929, a flag pole was erected just north of the entrance gate 
by the Neoga Votaw-Swank Post. Each Memorial day the 
American Legion decorates the graves of comrades and holds ser- 
vices on the American Legion plot. 

Citizens were wanting a walk constructed and led by Lyman 
Votaw, $800 was raised by subscription to build the walk. After 
the walk was completed, 860 remained and this was used to main- 
tain the walk in the years to follow. 

The sidewalk is still usable along the east side of south Route 45 
from Neoga to Sudkamp Plumbing, Heating and Electric business 
across the highway from the entrance. 

Over the years many of the beautiful trees and shrubs have had 
to be removed as well as the brick pillars and the fence at the en- 


The Paul Cemetery (Greenup Township) is located south of 
Greenup, Illinois, on Route 130 to the Hazel Dell Road, turn east, 
drive to the Mt. Zion Church, then north to the second road, turn 
right, go about one-fourth mile, and you are there. 

It's an old cemetery, located on the Old Palestine Road. This 
road angled cross country from Palestine to Greenup. 

The cemetery has been hard to date. James Paul and his family 
were in this area in the mid-1840s. His eldest son, Allen, set aside 
an acre of ground, probably in the 1860s, to be used as a 

I believe there was already a burial ground here when he 
bought the land as the oldest graves are of children from the 
Black, Smith and Newburn families. There are also many un- 
marked graves. 

About 1880, James Tharp donated an acre of ground on the 
east side of the ravine. For many years there was a fence down the 
ravine overgrown with brush, briars, and rattlesnakes. Eventually 
this was all cleared away, making one big cemetery. 


Paul Cemetery 

At one time there was talk of building a church here. A better 
location was chosen a mile east on the corner of S. Allen's farm 
(now the Bill Hallet farm). This church was called the Allen 
Chapel and was disbanded and torn down about 1915. 

The state archives list eight Civil War veterans buried here. I 
have never been able to find that many stones. They may have 
been too weathered to read or else broken. 

My roots go very deep in this cemetery. James and Sarah Tharp 
are my great-grandparents and Druzella Gilbert was my great- 

Alvie Wade helped me reconstruct this bit of history. 


The Prentice Cemetery is located near Greenup, Illinois. Go 
south on Route 130 to the high line, turn right, go to first road 
and make another right. It's behind the first house on the right on 
the Pauline Sutherland farm. There is a drive back to the 
cemetery. It was cleaned up in the summer of 1991 and the stones 

James P. Prentice came to America in 1839 with a cousin, John 
Shields. They walked to Greenup from the east coast carrying 
their tools and everything they owned. James was a stonemason 
and worked on the Pennsylvania Railroad. 

He married and raised a family. This was a family burial 

Prentice Cemetery 


This cemetery is located five miles east of Greenup, Illinois, on 
Route 40. 

The original graveyard was located on the south side of the 
railroad. Rumors began to circulate in the community that the 
Pennsylvania Railroad was going to lay a second track on the 
south side of the existing one. If they did, it would go right 
through the graveyard. The community was so concerned that a 
new cemetery site was situated on the high ground between the 
railroad and the National Road. In 1901, the new cemetery was 
completed and the first burial was Rachel Tutewiler, wife of Jacob 

Several years passed before the new track was finally built. 
Meanwhile all burials were in the new cemetery. 

About 1926, a work crew of Irishmen arrived in the area to move 
all the old graves to the new cemetery. There are very few really 
old stones, probably many graves had no markers and were not 

This cemetery is a very well kept and attractive place. I under- 
stand it's on the township line and the care is shared by both 
Crooked Creek and Union townships. 

I found six Civil War veterans buried here as well as those of 
later wars. Dale Lacy provided information for this article. 


This old family burial ground is located north of Greenup, Il- 
linois, on Rt. 130 to the Lincoln Log Cabin Road, turn right (west) 
about two miles and cross the river. The little cemetery is on the 
hill behind the first house. 

It is located on what was originally the farm of pioneer William 
Ryan. The first burial seems to be that of his daughter Maneriva, 
died December 26, 1840, at the age of 17 years, ten months, and 
two days. 

This little burial ground is well cared for. The monuments are 
still standing and there is a good fence around it. I understand the 
township takes care of the mowing. 

Ryan Cemetery 

Recently the stone of Revolutionary War veteran James Ryan 
was moved to this little cemetery, for safe keeping, by a direct 

Some of the names on the stones are Rogers, Taylor, Gill, and 
Phipps. There has not been a burial here for many years. 

Thanks to Aleen Ryan for this information. 


The Parish Cemetery is located two miles east and two miles 
south of Sigel, Illinois, in Springpoint Township, Cumberland 
County. The cemetery is within walking distance of Sacred Heart 
Church. There is also a school located nearby. 

John Will donated ten acres of land he had bought from Clem 
Uptmor II for church and school purposes about 1875. John Will 
Sr. and his wife, Elizabeth, deeded ten acres of their farm on April 
21, 1877, to be used for church and school purposes. The original 
plot was consecrated in the autumn of 1877 by V. Rev. P. 
Mauritus Klostermann O.F.M. In 1918, Rev. P. Herman Joseph 
Fister O.F.M. enlarged the cemetery with additional ground and 
it was consecrated by him April 21, 1918. 

The earliest stone found is of Gucker-Anna E.: Geb. 22 Feb. 
1836~Gest 2 Maz 1857. Some lettering on the stones are in Ger- 
man. Some of the Lillyville area was settled in 1843 by the Ger- 
man Land Company from Cincinnati, Ohio. Most of the early 
Catholic settlers settled in the western and central part of the 
Lillyville area. They came from the early 1850s to 1860s. 



This cemetery is located west of Greenup, Illinois, on Route 121 
to the curve. Turn left about one mile (south) or until you see the 
church and cemetery about one-eighth mile on the right (west). 

In 1844, \H'. E. Smith gave a tract of land near the southwest 
corner of his land large enough to build the meeting house and 
also for a graveyard. Soon after the church was built, a day was set 
aside and all the settlers came together for a day of clearing and 
preparing the ground for the cemetery. There has never been a 
charge for burial plots as the graveyard had been donated to the 

The first death in the community and burial was George Smith 
about 1845. 

The cemetery is well kept although many of the old stones are 
black with age, leaning and some have fallen on the ground. 

The Lyons tombstones at Salem Cemetery 

In the far corner is an interesting bit of whimsy. On the Lyons 
family plot are a stone lion and lioness marking the graves of Mr. 
and Mrs. Lyons. 

In 1992, John (Bill) and Dorsa Mock donated land adjoining the 
existing cemetery. It will be known as the John H. Mock addition 
to the Salem Cemetery. 


In 1851 during a cholera epidemic in this area, a Mrs. Shaner 
died of this terrible plague. There were several members of the 
family and all were sent away for safety. 

So great was the fear of this disease that the body was im- 
mediately taken by two neighbors, Uriah and David Walling, 
about one and one-half miles west of the homestead and buried in 
the woods. No stone was ever set at the grave, but a stout rail 
fence was built around it. In later years, when the roads were 
surveyed and straightened, the Timothy Road was built through 
the field, but angled on either side around the grave. As the years 
passed, brush and trees grew in the enclosure. For many years 
there was a large tree in the middle of the road over the grave. 
Finally the tree was removed, the road straightened and so passed 
directly over the grave. Amos Cutright, who provided the informa- 
tion for this article believes the grave was located about one-half 
mile east of the Plum Grove Church. 


St. Rose Cemetery is located on the north edge of Montrose, Il- 
linois, just inside the Cumberland County line. It is believed the 
cemetery was established about 1879 or later as the St. Rose of 
Lima Catholic Church was built November 9, 1879. 

The earliest dated stone is Joseph Koeing, 1843-1881. 

The road ran along the east side until 1944 when the road was 

changed and now a good blacktop road runs along the west side. 
An acre of land was added onto the west. In November 1977, an 
additional one and one-half acres was purchased for expansion on 
the north side. 

The cemetery has a row of evergreen trees across the west and 
south side. Many graves on the west part of the original cemetery, 
facing the blacktop road, are marked with white crosses, thus giv- 
ing it a well-kept, restful appearance. 


This is an old cemetery located three and one-half miles east of 
Bradbury, Illinois. It is an attractive, well-kept place with many in- 
teresting tombstones both old and new. 

The original pioneer burial ground may have been donated by 
the Glosser-Sherman families in the 1840s or 1850s. 

The first ground was purchased July 9, 1904, from Arthur and 
Symantha Brewer. They were paid 850.00 for one acre. Trustees 
were John Tippitt, Alec Carrell and David Butler. In 1963 an addi- 
tional two acres was bought from Kent and Peggy Ryan. In 1991 
three-fourths of an acre was purchased from Mildred Titus, filling 
out the rectangular shape of the cemetery. 

Recently Owen and Aleen Ryan donated a wrought-iron arch 

over the west entrance. 

Just across the road from the cemetery are two tombstones 
wired to a fence. The names on the stones are Samuel Jones, 
March 11, 1856, 53 years; and Lucinda Jones, daughter of S. E. 
and Mary, died December 21, 1854, 18 years. I was told that years 
ago there were several more stones, and other members of the 
Jones family perished on one of the many cholera epidemics that 
swept the country in frontier times. So great was the fear of this 
disease, no one came near the family to help care for the sick. The 
strongest, a young man, cared for and buried his family as one by 
one they died. When he became too ill to care for himself, he 
came outside the cabin, sat down on the ground and, leaning 
against a stump, died. Two neighboring men buried him in the lit- 
tle family graveyard. A sad story, but one that was far too common 
in pioneer days. 


The cemetery is located one-fourth of a mile south of the court- 
house then left about one-fourth of a mile. It's a very well- kept 
cemetery consisting of approximately 15 acres. 

On June 16, 1886, Thomas and Mary Brewer gave to the Village 
of Toledo a tract of land containing approximately three acres. 
This included "the Toledo Grave Yard as now laid out and 
fenced." He reserved a strip of ground containing his family 
graves, and for the use of his remaining family. 


His first two wives are buried here, Mary, 1865, and Sarah, 
1872, and several children. The third wife, Mary, survived at his 
death November 11, 1886. 

Several years later when more land was needed the Edger Neal 
Addition extended the cemetery to the road on the north. Later 
Edger Lashmet added several acres on the south side. 


This was a small family burial ground, once owned by Bill 
Troxel. It's located east of Greenup, Illinois, on the north side of 
Rt. 40, where Gary Shobe now lives. The stones are gone and a 
pond is there now. Two of the stones were: Harriet Troxel, died 
February 20, 1918, age 83, and Nicholas Troxel, died May 1, 1904, 
age 73. There were other stones, no names. Information from 
Edith Troxel Biggs. 


This small family burial ground is located one mile west of 
Toledo, Illinois, on Rt. 121. Turn right (north) about one and 
three-fourths mile. This is mostly a dirt road and should only be 
attempted in dry weather. It's on a hill on the left side of the road, 
on the farm belonging to Bill Robinson. It may be hard to find. 

The Berry family came to what was then Coles County from 
Tennessee, northwest of the site where Toledo was later platted. 

During a cholera epidemic, probably 1851, Joe Berry and his 
wife died of this disease and were supposed to be the first burials 
in this little burial ground. No stones were set at their graves. 

There are only seven stones standing at this time, some have 
been destroyed. It's overgrown with weeds and grass, and has 
been abandoned for many years. Names on the stones are Berry 
and Dobbs. The state archive states there is one Civil War veteran 
buried here, N. C. Dobbs, Co. I, 5th Illinois Cavalry. 

Information from Louise Shupe. 

Upper Berry 


On the farm of Laverle Shepherd, southwest of Greenup, Il- 
linois, is a broken tombstone leaning against a large oak tree. 

The inscription reads: Franklin 0., son of S. and L. Greeson. 
Age two years and 28 days. There is a foot marker with the initials 

The name Shephard has been scratched into the headstone and 
the name Daniel Noah Sherrick scratched into the foot marker, 
probably by children. 

I have been told that the stone was there, broken and fallen 
over, as long as can be remembered. Mr. Shephard later moved it 
to a nearby tree. 


This cemetery is located about six miles east of Greenup, Il- 
linois, on the York Road. 

It's a very old cemetery, consisting of two acres. It was started 
in the early 1800s when Eli Bower recognized a need for a burial 

ground in the community and gave half an acre for that purpose. 

Several years later Eli's daughter Lily Brown gave another half 
an acre. Then sometime in the 1970s Lily's son Theron Brown 
sold the cemetery another acre. 

It's a well-kept cemetery in an attractive setting. 

There are 18 Civil War veterans and also veterans of later wars. 

Thelma Bishop told about the Memorial Day celebrations they 
had several years ago. Mrs. Susie Starks and Daisy Sharp always 
made bouquets for every grave. Then the children would all per- 
form recitations or little skits. After the program was over the 
children would be handed flags and with John Sharp leading the 
parade they marched around the graveyard placing a flag on each 
veteran's grave. 

I want to thank Lurene Ramsey for this information. 


This old pioneer cemetery is located north of Greenup, Illinois, 
on Rt. 121 past the high school about one-fourth of a mile, turn 
right (north), drive seven miles, make a jog left, then continue 
north one mile, until you come to a T-road. Turn right (east) about 
one-half of a mile. It is on the hill north of the road (left side). 
Walking will be necessary. The cemetery is on Ralph 
McCormick's farm. Go in dry weather, preferably with a guide. 

Webster or McCormick Cemetery 

I understand the cemetery has some care and the brush is 
cleared away. Rows of graves can still be seen, many with field 
stones for markers, and a few broken stones. 

The Boy Scouts from Effingham started to build a fence around 
the little burial ground last summer. We hope they finish it this 
summer of 1992. 

One interesting person buried here is Cumberland County's 
legendary strong man, "Big Jim Eaton". It is said he could lifi a 
barrel of whiskey and drink from the bung hole. Once when help- 
ing with a cabin raising, he uncovered a large stone. He lifted the 
stone in his arms and started up the hill to the cemetery. Telling 
his friends that when he died to bury him where he dropped the 
stone. The big stone is still there and "Big Jim" is buried beside 

Other families buried here are Grimes, Strickland, Taylor, Nor- 
ris, Stewart, Pinksard Lane, Grafton, Best, Eaton, and Thomas. 

Information from Ralph McCormick. 


This cemetery is located west of Jewett, Illinois, across the 
muddy creek bridge to the top of the hill. Turn left (south) down a 
private lane to a farm home. This is the Robinson farm. I under- 
stand there is no road back to the cemetery. It's overgrown with 
many stones down and others carried away and used for other 


Mrs. Mary A. Plummer by the tombstone of her parents at 
the Woodbury Cemetery, 1915. 

During W.P.A. days the graveyard was cleaned up and enclosed 
with a strong wire fence and gate. These are all gone now. 

I'm told Charles Garrett gave the land for a burial ground 
although there were graves here before he bought the land. 

In 1968, when the cemeteries were tabulated, names on tomb- 
stones still standing were: Garrett, Glasener, Ricker, Walker, 

Welk, and Wisner. Some of these people were buried in this cen- 
tury; William G. Walker - 1912, Mary Welk - 1909. Older stones go 
back to 1855 with the grave of John Glasener. 


Zion is located about three and one-half miles west of the in- 
tersection of Routes 121 and 45, across Brush Creek, a finger of 
Lake Mattoon. 

The Zion Chapel United Brethren Church sat on the northwest 
corner of the intersection, with the older cemetery on the north- 
east corner and the newer cemetery on the southeast corner. The 
Zion School was west of the church. 

The older cemetery on the north side of the road has many 
stones falling over and many graves no longer have markers. It is 
enclosed in a good fence. In front of the fence a stone marker has 
been erected stating "Zion Chapel Cemeteries". 

The earliest stone found in the older cemetery is dated 1833. 

The new part, on the south side, is enclosed in a good fence and 
is being used today for burials. 

There are 1 1 Civil War veterans buried here. 


Son of Lincoln's Stepsister Dies 

at Home in Pleasant Grove 

This Morning 

Mattoon Journal-Gazette, Monday, April 5th 
April 8, 1909, Toledo Democrat 

John J. Hall, a first cousin of Abraham Lincoln's mother and a 
son of Mrs. Matilda Hall, stepsister of Abraham Lincoln and one 
of the pioneer residents of Coles County, died at one o'clock this 
morning at his home in Pleasant Grove Township, the old 
homestead of Thomas Lincoln, father of the martyred president. 
Demise was due to pneumonia, from which he had suffered for 
two weeks. 

The funeral services will be held from the Shiloh Church on 
Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock, conducted by Rev. G. H. Brown, 
pastor of the Christian Church of Charleston. The burial will then 
be made in the Gordon Cemetery, where rest the mortal remains 
of Thomas Lincoln. 

John J. Hall, a son of Squire and Matilda Hall, was born in 
Spencer County, Indiana, on April 12, 1929, so if he had lived un- 
til the 12th day of this month he would have been 80 years of age. 
The following year the Hall and Lincoln families moved from 
Spencer County, Indiana, to Macon County, Illinois, going 
overland in the same wagon which was driven by Abraham Lin- 
coln. It was during this memorable trip that Lincoln split the rails 
which afterward proved to be one of the most important epochs in 
the life of the great statesman. The following year, in 1831, both 
families, with the exception of Abe, who since had struck out in 
the world for himself, returned and settled in Coles County, select- 
ing farms in Pleasant Grove Township. This township ever after- 
ward continued to be their home, and after the death of Thomas 
Lincoln Mr. Hall bought the old Lincoln homestead, and there he 
passed his declining years. 

On April 10, 1866, John J. Hall became the husband of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Gaston, widow of Oliver B. Gaston. Mrs. Hall died 
several years ago. Six children were born to the couple— Mrs. 
Harriet Martin, Janesville; Joseph Hall, living on a farm three 
miles east of Charleston; Abraham Lincoln Hall, living near the 
old homestead; and Squire Hall and Miss Nancy Hall, both at 
home. Another daughter, Matilda, died some years ago. 

It was in 1851 that Mr. Hall bought the Thomas Lincoln 
homestead, and to this he added a large tract, the farm at the 
present time comprising 325 acres. In 1893 the Lincoln log cabin 
was sold and exhibited at the world's fair in Chicago. It was in 

that year that Mr. Hall constructed an up-to-date residence, mak- 
ing one of the prettiest farm dwellings in Pleasant Grove 

Mr. Hall cast his first presidential vote for John C. Fremont in 
1856. He was always a Republican in politics. 

During the Sunday revival at Charleston last spring Mr. Hall 
was a frequent attendant at the services, and before the close 
became one of the many converts. About two weeks later he 
became a member of the Christian Church of Charleston. 

The hand-written copy on the back of the picture reads: I, Nancy A. Hall, who is 
standing in the door of this cabin, was born in it October 18, 1869, and I lived in it 
*til on Friday, March 14, 1891. It was built by Thomas Lincoln and his son ABE 
Lincoln in 1831. Sarah Bush Lincoln lived and made her home in this cabin with 
her grandson John J. Hall and his family 18 years until her death December 14, 
1869. Abraham Lincoln lived and made his home in this cabin until his 2Ist birth- 

A footnote to this copy: Mabel Lovins Rominger, a daughter of Pete and Zetta 
Lovins, who is 99 years old now, said her grandfather Reverend Aaron Lovins of 
Toledo walked 16 miles to preach the funeral of Sarah Bush Lincoln. He related 
that the cabin was so overflowing with the family and friends, that he had to stand 
on the outside with several other neighbors to preach the eulogy and funeral ser- 
''ice. Photo courtesy of James Keller, Jewett, Illinois 




SPFi:iGHAl'i CC| 

.•r6'^ V/aterOak discontinued early 


Compiled by 

In the earliest pioneer day we had no schools or teachers in 
Cumberland County. Finally E. H. Starkweather had school in his 
cabin for years. Then the need of education was realized and log 
buildings were built all over the county. 

These pioneer schools were crude but served the purpose well. 
A teacher in one room with a group of nearly 40 independent 
thinking scholars, from six to 21 years old, was surely a challenge. 
The typical teacher of that day was a person seemingly moved by 
the same spirit or call, that sent the missionary of the church 
about their work. They served as janitor, nurse, supervisor, and 

The one- and two-room schools are memories to our older 
generation today. In rural areas the country school not only pro- 
vided a good solid education with the three R's (readin, ritin, 
rithmetic) but it served as a center for social activities such as 
church services, debates, and in later years Parent Teacher 
Association, which brought the student, parent, and teacher closer 

This account includes the former country schools of 
Cumberland County. Some schools are old enough there was no 
district number, some no location nor history, some have probably 
been completely lost in history. 

The absence of our ancestors and the destruction of many of 
the old school buildings result in relying on records and "word of 
mouth" to bring them under one cover. 

The county was divided into districts with an area of approx- 
imately four square miles each and supported by school land tax. 


Martha Nees 

During the first half of the century it was typical for a pioneer to 
give an acre of land for a school building. 

Children and teachers coped with muddy overshoes, heavy 
winter clothing, dinner pails, and books but they made their way 
across pastures, creeks, fences, and roadside footpaths to reach 
their day's work all eager to learn. During the 1800s there were 
three terms, spring, summer, and winter, later a nine-month term 
from September to June. 

Those days are gone to our consolidated schools, namely: 
Neoga Community *3 and Cumberland Consolidated Unit 77 
Elementary and High which are also included in this account. 

We want to thank each person who helped with the school 
histories. We appreciate every bit of information and the pictures 
loaned for this purpose. Thanks to each one. 

Neoga, fourth grade year ?, Nanny Hall, teacher 


One room country schools have long been gone, 
But many remember the sound 
Of the big iron bell on top of the house 
That was heard for miles around. 

None of us kids had watches, 
But when we heard the first bell ring, 
Knew we had half hour to get there, 
Be seated and ready to sing. 

Teacher would arrive before us. 
Unsaddle and tie up her mare, 
Little hat up on top of her head 
Held by a pin thru her hair. 

Big poker rattled in cast iron stove. 
As she stirred up overnight coals; 
A big sheet of zinc lay underneath, 
So clinkers wouldn't burn holes. 


Teaching requirements have changed during the last several 
years. In the early 1900s, a teacher could obtain a teacher's cer- 
tificate by writing on a state examination after completing the 
eighth grade. This was usually done at Toledo. Many went to 
Eastern University for a 12-week summer term where they ob- 
served staff teachers teaching children in a model school. 

A week's institute was held every August at the courthouse in 
Toledo for the teachers of Cumberland County. Teachers also at- 
tended Reading Circle meetings at which various books were 

The accompanying picture was taken at the courthouse prob- 
ably in the 1920s. The teachers identified were Dale and George 
Lacey, Coen Holsapple, Harvey Edwards, Mac Dodds, Scott 
Sutherland, Carl Gordon, Harry Callahan, Euris Greeson, Marion 
Underwood, Willis Wright, Ray Nichols, Jim Paden, Bertha Cox, 
Ivy Sperry, Maggie Callahan, Elsie Sherrick, Lilly Roberts, 
Blanche Strain, Isa Winnett, Grace Aldrich, Sylvia Greeson, Ellen 
Decker, Elva Carrell. Others are unidentfied. 

Submitted by Martha Nees 

Cumberland County Teachers Institute on the front steps of the courthouse, 
Toledo, Illinois, around 1920. 


She rang the big bell again at nine. 

Not so long this time as before. 

Tin lunch buckets clinked on shelves in back; 

Heavy shoes scuffed on the floor. 

Recitation bench 'cross front of the room, 
And all the classes used it; 
Her little bell, tapped three times, 
Meant rise, come forward and sit. 

The click of chaulk on the blackboard. 
Woodpeckers hammerin' on trees; 
Bumblebees flying thru windows up 
On warm days to let in the breeze. 

She taught us how to prepare for life. 

To think fast and to stand up tall. 

When those one room schools were dead, 

my friends. 

It was a sad, sad day for us all. 

by Wayman Presley 


Judson R. Holley came to Cumberland County from Connec- 
ticut in the late 1830s as a teacher. 

His son, Walter Daniel Holley, became a teacher at the age of 
15 years. He taught from 1851-1861 in Cumberland County. 

Benjamin Aleshire taught ten years in Cumberland County. 

Charles C. Baker was born May 9, 1843, in Carey, Kansas, the 
son of Benoni and Mahala Blackburn Baker. Charles came to 
Greenup in 1871, also teaching at Woodbury, Mullen, Faunce and 

A. J. Busiek was another old teacher, no information. 

E. H. Starkwether, a native of Vermont, came to Greenup. 

Zeptha Owen or Owing taught singing school in the old Court 
of Justice in Greenup, mid-1800s. 

Jonathan Wilson Shull taught at Greenup 1860-61. 

James L. Ryan was a teacher in the early 1860-70s in 
Cumberland County. 

Margaret Mcllhaney taught in Springpoint Township October 
1865. The above teachers have been located in various places but 
not mentioned in the following schools. It is only fair to mention 
them since they are the background of our schools. 

During this period in time we find the township treasurer kept 
splendid reports of each school within a township with neat and 
well-kept records. The school district numbers were one, two, 
three, etc. School age ranged from six to 21 years. Attendance was 
good, maybe averaging 600 per township in a year's time. 

Around 1900-1903, this all changed. A county superintendent 
was elected over all the county. At this time the district numbers 
changed with no two districts in the county the same. 

Former superintendents of schools are Louis Markwell, Euris 
Greeson, W. M. Birdzell, Joe Greeson, J. Leroy Baker, Wayne 
Hance, Ralph White. At the present Rose Mary Shepard is the 
superintendent of education for Cumberland and Coles counties. 


Isa Spesard Winnett started teaching in 1918 at Bushy Grove 
School. In 1920, Isa moved to Montana and taught at Cat Creek 
School the winter of 1920-21. She returned to Greenup and during 
her teaching career, taught at Lost Creek, Plum Grove, Hog Back, 
Butterfly, Jack Oak, Hickory, Hard Scrabble and Ruffner. Isa 
finished teaching after 40 years at Jewett, Illinois. 

Submitted by son, Steve Winnett 


It was the first of September 1924, after completing a year of 
college in Terre Haute, Indiana, and six weeks at Eastern that I 
signed a contract to teach at the Little Brown School a few miles 
west of Hazel Dell. Aaron Hawker, Charles Glenn, and Charles 
Glosser were very kind board members when I taught. That little 
building is still standing in 1992. 

Thelma Collins, who lived across the road, had taught there. 
Her children, Charles and Beulah, went to school when I taught. 
Thelma bought the building and the small spot of land it stood on 
after the country schools closed. 

Walter VanDyke, a young man about my age, had been hired to 
teach Baumgarner. I rode with him in his one-seated Ford both 
years we taught there except when the rain and snow made dirt 
roads impossible. 

We appreciated the homes we found with kind people who 
would give us room and board. I would stay in the home of Guy 
and Josie Inskeep. They were friends. I had visited often with 
Guy's half brother and sister, John and Hazel Inskeep. Walter 
would drive from south of Greenup to my home, three miles east 
of Greenup, morning and evening when the roads were good. We 
were young and didn't mind the cold. When it was muddy or deep 
snow, Paul Inskeep, 17, would hitch a team of horses to a wagon 
and take his two sisters and me to school about one-half mile from 
his home. The rain made the black clay, black waxy they called it, 
roll up on the wagon wheels. It was all two horses could do to pull 
us through. Paul was not attending school, but Lois was in the 
seventh grade and Virginia, fourth grade. The first year at Little 
Brown was good weather except two months. 

I agreed to stay for a second year and Walter stayed at 
Baumgarner another year. I was paid 870 a month for seven 
months the first year and $75 for seven and one-half months the 
next year, but a loaf of bread was five cents and 15 cents 
would buy meat for three peoples' lunch, 50 cents bought enough 
gas to travel many miles, so dollars went farther in the 1920s. 

Evenings were spent visiting, eating popcorn, apples, and 
homemade candy. The old collie dog sleeping by the stove would 
lift his head to snap at a grain of corn or a piece of candy tossed to 
him by one of the children. 

Earl Parker, a musician in Greenup, was selling radios, the first 
radio Greenup people had seen or heard. I talked with Earl and 
suggested that he might sell one to the Inskeeps if we could try it 
out for a week. We could hardly wait for the evening meal to be 
over to gather around the fire and listen to any program we could 
get. Guy bought it at the end of the week and later I bought one 
for my family. 

Near the end of the second year at Little Brown, Harry Jenuine 
called to tell me Montrose was in need of a teacher for the first, 
second and third grade room, would I like to change? They would 
pay 890 a month for nine months. Mr. Jenuine felt sure I would 
get the job if I would go and talk to Mr. Young, president of the 
Montrose School Board. I went, dressed in my best, including hat, 
scarf and gloves. I was hired before I left to begin teaching the 
first of September 1926. Mr. Young advised me to go see Mr. and 
Mrs. Harry Ebbert, who lived south of the school ground, if I 
wanted a good room and excellent food. 

The Ebberts seemed happy I had come to them and told me I 
could have room and board for $5.00 a week. I would go home Fri- 
day after school and return Sunday night or Monday morning. 

Cora Ebbert was one of the best cooks I had ever known. 
Parents and friends of the children were great. A teacher was 
special to them and they helped the school and teachers in any 
way they could. Anything I needed for the children for class work, 
costumes for the annual carnival or help with the Christmas pro- 

gram, they were there to help. A teacher was treated as a very 
special person. 

I probably would have stayed another year, but my parents 
were moving into Greenup from the farm and would live across 
the street from the Greenup school. Harry Jenuine, a Greenup 
school board member, came to see me and said he was looking for 
a first grade teacher. I would be happy to be in Greenup, but 
wouldn't leave Montrose without a teacher. I talked with the presi- 
dent of the Montrose School Board and he told me his daughter 
had completed her college and would like to teach where I was 
teaching, but wouldn't consider asking me to leave. It worked out 
perfect for both of us. 

Eslaline Miller, Greenup Grade 
School third grade teacher. 

At Greenup I was in the first grade five years and third grade 
35 years, then two years at Cumberland Elementary and five years 
substituting after retirement in May 1969. 

It was a happy life for me even though I didn't receive much 
money. I'm still reaping rewards from former students, grand- 
parents and great-grandparents. Their letters and visits are worth 
more than money. 

I'm sitting in the Cumberland Nursing Center waiting for a 
broken ankle and injured knee and arm to heal. God be willing, I 
will be back in my home March 31, 1992. 

Submitted by Estaline Miller 


In 1840, the people west of Greenup, east of the Cottonwood 
Creek with children, decided they needed a schoolhouse. Wm. E. 
Smith gave ground and all necessary timber for a building. 

The cabin measured 12' x 16' made of round logs, chinked and 
daubed, and covered with clapboards. Logs were placed on top to 
hold them in place. It had a puncheon floor and benches. The 
door was hung with wooden hinges. This was all built in a day by 
all interested people. 

The only teacher known was the donor of the land, Wm. E. 
Smith for 1840-41-42. He was paid whatever the people could 
spare. He used noon and recesses for riving clapboards from 
nearby timber for his own outbuildings so he was satisfied with 
the pay. 

In 1841, the Methodist congregation used the schoolhouse for 
religious meetings. 

By 1844, the schoolhouse was too small for the above purposes. 
Population had increased, therefore, more children desired to at- 
tend school and church. 

Wm. E. Smith again gave a larger tract of land for a meeting 
house and cemetery. This is now known as Salem Church which is 
located about 15 rods west from where the log school stood. 


Around 1900, Cumberland County had a colored settlement 
located south of Jewett. They had their own school. There isn't 
any other information. Some family names were Brown, Ferguson 
and Derrickson. 

We did find in September 1907, Mary Ferguson, a colored girl, 
attended Shull School, maybe visiting or they may have come 
across the river and settled. 

(See Derrickson/Derixson family in new section of this book.) 


All the schools submitted by Martha Nees 


EHstrict 59 (Formerly *19| 

Aleshire was located two miles east of Roslyn. In 1856, W. D. 
Holley taught in a little old log house one mile west of the Muddy 
Creek bridge, one-quarter mile north in the woods at ten dollars a 
month. A list of teachers who taught Aleshire include: 

Mollie Lovins, 1874; Mrs. Ola Bloomfield, 1891; Miss Ada 
Peters, A. B. Phelps, 1900; Justin Brewer, Ernest Foraker, 1901; 
Roy Schooley, Ben Willan and Bertha St. John, 1903; Art 
Schooley, Prof. Gilpin and Mona Russell, 1906; Art Schooley, 
1907; Miss Millie Jones, 1907-08; Wm. Gather, Marion Walker, 
1911; Sadie Wisner, 1913; Frank Tate, 1914-15; Gertie Kingery, 
1916-17; Roe Neal, 1917-18; Grace Simerley, 1918-19; Wm. 
Gather, 1919-20; Florence Brown, 1922-23; Garl Gordon, 1923-24; 
Vernon Greeson, 1924-25; Minnie Jones, 1927-28; Vora Stierwah, 
1928-29; Donna Connor, 1930-31; Geo. R. White, 1932-33; Clema 
Stirewah, 1933-34; Genevieve Hall, 1934-35; Clema Stierwah, 
1935-36; Rex Haskett, 1937-38; Olive Reals, 1938-39; Lyle Mar- 
shall, 1939-41; George Hutton, Lillie Roberts, 1941-42; Virginia 
Kingery, 1942-43; Mrs. Lula C. Browning, 1943-45; Ernest 
Deuever, 1945-46; James R. Fletcher, 1946-47; Gladys Haack, 
1947-50; Mary M. Smith, 1951-52. 

Aleshire - 1920 

First row: Grace Warner, Olive Wisner, Dorsa Wisner, Myrna Walker, boy-Lyle 
Pinitard, Lois Litchenwalter, Ralph Bartlett, Rufus Ingram. 

Second row; Vivian Tate, Alice Brown, Ben Ingram, Ivan Dittamore, Austin 
Tays, Wayne Wisner, Chester Brown, Everett Litchenwalter. 

Third row: Irene Ingram, Stella Houser, Iva Kincaid, Gladys Wisner, Fern 

Fourth row: Sadie Ingram, Ethel Brown, Mary Talbot, Ethel Grissom, Beulah 
Houser, Clara Dittamore, Virgil Tays, Charles Houser, Roscoe Warner, Minor 
Bartlett, Clayton Ingram, teacher Wm. Gather. 


Antioch was located south of Greenup, one-half mile north of 
Liberty Hill. It was destroyed by fire in 1892. 

Trustees were Marion Stanberry, H. F. Sperry, Jack Welbaum. 

Teachers known were Ella Payne, Willard Lawrence, Sarah 
Hopper- 1891, D. A. Ryan. 


District *38 

Apperson was located northwest of Neoga and one mile south of 
the Coles-Cumberland county line. 

The first record available is October 1868, District *'8 at that 

time. In November, the voters assembled at the house of J. A. Ap- 
person for the purpose of electing three directors for the newly 
organized District *8, also the schoolhouse site. J. W. Woolery was 
elected director for one year, Robert Hunter was elected director 
for two years, J. A. Apperson was elected director for three years. 

South side of SW Section 27, Til R7 E was chosen as the 
schoolhouse site November 25, 1867. On January 1, 1869, $25 
was paid to Robert Anderson for the building site. At this time A. 
Y. Hart started building the schoolhouse. Robert R. Mitchell was 
hired to teach Apperson School for 842.50 a month. A partial 
listing of teachers is: 

Miss F. McNutt, 1869; John R. Mitchell, 1870-72; Mrs. F. 
Buchanan, 1872-73; John R. Mitchell, Miss Carr, 1873; Millard 
Carr, Addie Turner and Susie Hunter, 1877; Gertrude Farris, 
1878; John A. Gardner, 1878-79; Ella Henderson, Sallie Kelley, 
1879-80; Lida Robe, 1880-81, also building fires; Ella Henderson, 
Maggie Hart, 1881-82, $16 a month; Ella Henderson, OUie 
Templeton, 1882; Ella Henderson, Katie Buchanan, 1883; Emma 
Gibson, 1884; Edward Cross, 1885-86; Katie Caldwell, F. M. 
Swengel, 1886-87; Katie Caldwell, 1887, for cleaning school; 
William Coen, G. W. Capps, 1889-1890; R. M. Bingamen, 1890; 
Gertrude Carruthers, 1891; Minnie Kelley, 1894; Ethel Wilson, 
1897, $31.50 janitor work; Edna Rodgers, Maude O'Day, Bertha 
St. John, 1901; Lucy Lacy, Chas. Smith, 1902-03; Rena O'Day, 
Fausta Birch, Edna Dalton, 1904; Ethel Coen, 1906-07; Mary 
Donohoe, 1907-08; Grace Price, Roscoe Coen, 1909-10; Stanley 
Coen, Lloyd R. Swengel, 1912; Mary Buchanan, 1913; Alice 
Young, Helen Buchanan, 1914-17; Winifred Shaffer, 1917-18; 
Edith Buchanan, Dollie M. Steger, 1918-20; Mildred Swengel, 
1920-21; Orville Young, Mabel Huff, 1921-22; Lula Marguerite 
Clark, 1922-23; Orville Young, Stanley Coen, 1924-28; Mabel 
Huff, 1928-31; Ralph White, 1936-41; Philomena Greuel, 1943-45. 

District *83 

Baumgarner was located one mile south of Hazel Dell and one 
mile west. The first record of it was around 1861 as District *4. An 
old fellow by the name of Baumgarner gave the land for this 

The students went to Hazel Dell in 1947-48. The school 
building and site sold May 1948. The building still stands. 
Teachers' names available are: 

George W. Kelly, John Rue, Jno Welker, 1861; Ed Baumgarner, 
1861; James McBride, Arvilla E. Canfield, 1862; R. B. Meeker, 
Anna Meeker, A. E. Canfield, 1863; F. Davison, John Yingst, 
Mary Pearce, 1864; H. B. Hartman, Julia S. Allenbaugh, J. W. 
Green, 1865; Anna Meeker, R. Brindkerhoff Meeker, 1866; Anna 
Meeker, Lottie Young, 1867; J. W. Latta, J. C. Hume, 1868; Lu- 
cinda Bailey, Wallace Young, 1869; John H. Poe, 1877; Ella Kelly, 
1878; Percilla Davis, Laura Short, 1879; Wm. McGahan, A. Rader, 
1880; Wm. McGahan, L. L. Meeker, 1881; L. L. Meeker, G. W. 
Bliss, Elma Kelly, 1883; Elma Kelly, May McFee, 1884; J. D. Hart, 
L. L. Meeker, 1885; S. C. Miller, G. W. Sartor, Adeline Losier, 
1886; Lola Green, 1900; Ardie Grove, H. L. Welker, Staley S. 
Smith, 1901; Blanche Shadley, Edyth Myers, 1913-14; Cora Sher- 
wood, Ivy Sperry, 1914-15; Chas. Krouse, Delia McFadden, 
1915-16; Thelma Fitch, 1916-17; Blanche Shadley, 1917-18; Annie 
Myers, 1918-19; Pearl Groves, 1919-20; Blanche Shadley, 1920-21; 
Ralph Fitch, 1921-22; Ernest L. Finney, 1922-24; WaUer Van- 
Dyke, 1924-26; Forrest Arnold, 1927-28; Faye Kemper, 1928-29; 
Flossie Shotts, 1930-32; Gladys Yehon, ? ; Rupert Barkley, ? ; 
Robertine Keller, 1934-36; Esther Timmons, 1936-38; The base- 


merit was built in the summer of 1936; Thelma Collins, 1941-44; 
Esther Timmons, 1944-47. 

District *35 

Bean was located west of Toledo five miles on Route 121. While 
we could not find a definite date, we did learn there was a log 
cabin prior to the last building. The log cabin burned, no dates. 
The building we remember was thought to have been about 100 
years old. 

Reatha Raymer owns the building site, the building being torn 
down in 1991. At this time a drawing of an owl was found on one 
of the walls, a very good piece of art, but the artist and date re- 
mains unknown. 

I ,i -t 


Bean School • 1933 

Front row: Marion Hetzer, Harold Hetzer, Lillian Hetzer, Reatha Miller, Norma 
Hetzer, Victor Hetzer, Billy Shafer, Howard Vanderventer. 

Back row: Ray Miller, Fay Brown, Doris McGowan, teacher Ralph White, 
Leland Starwalt, Jr. Fletcher. 

Bean School closed and students went to Pioneer in 1949. 
Teachers known are: 

Otis Bailey, 1887; Ed Stayton, 1889; William Lindsay 
Shepherd, 1890; Don Gordon, 1891; William Lindsay Shepherd, 
1892; Florence Grissom (in the old house), 1893; Florence Grissom 
(in the new house), 1898; Musetta Cooter, 1899; Prof. W. M. Pugh, 
Miss Olive Coon, 1901; Luther Barger, 1903; Mr. Anderson, 1906; 
Walter Nash, 1908; James Russell, Valvery Cluff, 1911; Maude 
Pinkard, 1917; Lois E. Haga, 1919; Delia Lawrence, 1920-21; Lois 
E. Haga, 1922; Opal Brewer, 1922-23; John Huffman, 1923-25; 
Florence Brown, 1925-26; Ralph White, 1932-33; Leslie Drum, 
1936; George Hutton, 1940; Clyde Hutton, 1941; Irene Miller, ? ; 
Birdie Bensley, 1943-45; Eleanor Lyons, 1945-46; Lloyd Lee, 


District *42 

Beehive School is located on the west side of Route 121, north 
of Zike's corner. The school closed in 1948 and went to Pioneer in 
1949. Tom Howell Body Shop is on the site today— 1992. Names 
of teachers available are: 

P. A. Stirewalt, 1901; Jessie Walden, 1903; Frank Tate, 1911; 
Helen Buchanan, 1915; Stella Oakley, 1916-17; Otto Ballinger, 
1917-18; Ursala Pugsby, 1918-20; H. R. Sparks, 1920; Opal Coble, 
1923-24; Donald Gordon, 1924-25; Alice Frank, 1925-26; Evelyn 
Wente, 1936; Mary Heath, 1941; Rex Haskett, 1943-44; Sylvia 
Swinehart, 1944-46; Louise McClellan, 1946-47; Betty Shafer, 

District *37 

Berry School was located west of Toledo, one mile south of 
Berry Cemetery. This is one of our older schools in the county. 

The building burned and the site was sold to Elmer Burley in 
1950. He built a home on it. A partial list of teachers: 

Isaac Johnson, 1852-54; Daniel Ransdell, 1854-55; Lewis 
Harvey, 1855-56; Miss Jennie Owings, 1900. 

October 1901, J. G. Tomlinson had a contract for building the 
Berry School west of Toledo by November 28, 1901. The building 
was completed for Miss Laura Cooter to start her first school in 
November. (Evidently the old school was rebuilt.) 

John Castelo, Miss Laura Cooter, 1901; Victor Dalton, Ora 
Flannery, Gertrude Freeman, 1903; Miss Susan Gentry, 1910-11, 
in 1992, still living at age 102; Chauncy Kingery taught three 
years ?; Vernie Beaumont, 1915; Inez Hillard, 1915-16; Grace 
Simerly, 1917-18; Frank Clevenger, 1920-21; David Shupe, 
1923-24; L. Logan Huffman, 1925; Mrs. Maude Huffman, 1936; 
Eleanor Ohmen, 1940; Maude Huffman, 1941; John Huffman, 
1943-45, Maude Huffman, 1945-46. 

District *3 

There is little information on this school except teachers who 
taught the Block School from 1861-1882. Apparently the school 
closed at this time. According to an old map dating around 1880, 
there was a school directly north of the Block Church. We assume 
this was the Block School. Records show the following teachers: 

John Black, Jas. Eveland, Thos. C. Smith, Ann Harding, 
Solomon Smith, 1861; A. Q. Ewart, 1862; S. M. Black, Annie Hard- 
ing, Mrs. Allaman, 1863; Richard Welbaum, 1864; Eliza T. Conzet, 
1865; Lydia Conzet, Mary Esther Canfield, Nathaniel Eveland, 
1866; Jackson Welbaum, Margaret V. Canfield, 1867; Jackson 
Welbaum, Mary E. Canfield, Kate Jenkins, 1868; G. W. Kelly, 
1869; Eunice Griffing, 1870; Lizzie Yelton, 1878; C. S. Stevenson, 
Ethel Sedgwick, 1879; Clarinda Sedgwick, Ethel Sedgwick, D. K. 
Stevenson, 1880; Jacob Lemis, 1881; No more reports, 1882. 

District ^54 

Bluebird was four miles north of Montrose on the blacktop in 
Springpoint Township. John Cox helped rebuild Bluebird in 1928 
after it had burned on December 2, 1927. 

After it had closed and ceased to be used for school purposes, it 
was used for a store, now a residence. 

Some teachers were: 

Prof. B. F. Willan, Emma Burry, 1901; F. B. Cox, 1903-04; 
Katherine Niccum, Thomas Gather, 1905-06; William Gather, 
1907-08; Frank Clevenger, Peter Sehi, 1908-10; Clara Deppen, 

Bluebird School • 1928 

First row: Robert McKinney, Margaret Czerwonka, Geneive Sehi, Edith Czer- 
wonka, Margie Bushue, Ralph Warner, Robert Sehi, Ellen Czerwonka, Raymond 
Sehi, Clyde Warner, Virgil Tays, teacher. 

Second row; Marie Lustig, James McKinney, Warren McKinney, Pauline Sehi, 
Helen Czerwonka, Iris Niccum. 


1910-11; Myra Niccum, 1911-12; Lena Meyer, 1912-13; Ben 
Willan, 1913-14; Frank Clevenger, 1915-16; Ola M. Patrick, 
1916-17; Sadie McClain, 1917-18; Ruth Pinkard, Lora Stierwalt, 
1918-19; Minnie Callahan, 1920; Ralph White, W. R. Johnson, 
1927-28; Virgil Tays, 1928-30; Geo. White, 1930-32; Kenneth 
Gabel, 1932-33; Ethel Brown, 1933-34; Virgil Tays, 1934-35; An- 
thony Deters, 1935-36; Lenora Freeman, ? ; Anthony Deters, 
1941-42; Carrie Carson, 1942-43; Lois Lashmet, 1944-46; Doris 
Carrell, 1948-50. 

District *27 

The Brown School was located one and one-fourth miles west of 
Johnstown or one mile south of the Coles-Cumberland county line. 
The building and site was sold to Simpson Fuller in 1950. Some 
teachers were: 

Francis Marion Johnston, 1882-86; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 
1892-93; Francis Marion Johnston, 1895-96; Miss Stella Beals, 
1900; Carrie A. Clark, T. G. McAllister, 1901; Alice (Hill) Frank, 
Alfred Cooler, 1903; Edward L. Myers, 1915; Byron Mitchell, 
1917; Helen Shull, 1918-19; Alburn Rhodes, 1920-22; Jessie P. 
Jones, 1921-22; Quentin Morgan, 1922-23; Flossie Lockhart, 
1923-24; Emma Morgan, Quentin Ellsworth Morgan, 1924-25; 
Otto Ballinger, 1925; Ida (Shoots) Boruff, 1926-28; Sylvia Starwalt 
Jenkins, 1928-30; Pearl Connell, 1930-31; Hollys (Rhodes) Cutts, ?; 
Lenora Sperry, ? ; Olive Beals, 1936; Berlin Flake, 1941; Ida 
Boruff, 1943-45; Helen Randolph, 1945-46; Audrey Tate, 1946-47; 
Edith Kelso, 1947-48. 

District *14 

Brushy Ridge was located in the east part of Greenup 
Township, Cumberland County. 

The first Brushy Ridge School was located near the Boots- 
Warman Cemetery. It was built of unhewn logs, about 16 feet by 
18 feet, a large fireplace in one end for heat. A thick coat of clay 
mud was plastered on the inside. The roof was clapboards of white 
oak— no windows, just a log cut out. Seats were white oak slabs 
with legs to hold them up. For a writing desk, an extra smooth 
slab was fastened to the wall. There was no teacher's desk. He or 
she moved around the room wherever needed. Penmanship was 
important in this school. 

Brushy Ridge School - 1940 

First row: Hazel Denney, Wanda Washburn, Vern Bland, Kenneth Washburn, 
Martha Havens, Phyllis Duvall, Rachel Sue Tutewiler, Gordon McElwain. 

Second row: Keith McElwain, Lyie and Wayne Hooker, Bob Adamson, Don 
Bland, Lela Nees, Betty Duvall, Kenneth Hawes, Jerry Bland, Leiand Hawes. 

Third row: Bill Bland, Max Ward, Charles Ward, John Nees, Peggy McElwain, 
Helen Henderson, Letha McElwain, teacher Opal Nichols. 

We know this building was used for church purposes from 1867 
through 1872, probably longer. 

The next building was a white frame building before 1880. The 
site was a half mile east and a half mile north. This building 
burned, was replaced with a brick building one-fourth mile west at 
the last location, about 1886. It was one room heated with a stove 
in the middle of the room, double school seal and desk with an ink 
well. This was replaced in 1936 with the adjustable seat and desk, 
also new books, maps, globe, and library books. Blackboards were 
installed and a furnace placed in the corner of the room. 

Outside there was a nice playground with plenty of shade and a 
merry-go-round was installed. 

In 1950, this school was sold to Ernest Denney who lived in it 
for several years. In 1989, Arnold Tatge bought it and cleared the 
lot. Teachers were: 

Joel Williams, 1860-65; Francis Marion Williams, 1865-66; Mr. 
Dobbins, 1887; Will Rhue, 1887-1891; Taylor Ryan, John 
Williams, 1894; George Woodburn, 1895; Staley Smith, 1896-97; 
Douglas Ryan, 1898; Lewis Reynolds, 1898-99; Tom Murray, 
1899-1900; Musetta Cooler, 1900; William Lindsay Shepherd, 
1902-03; Forrest (Carr) Stewart, 1903-05; Alice Stifal, 1905-07; 
Dessie (Carr) Enyart, 1907-08; Hallie (Reed) Stump, 1908-09; Mae 
(Ormsby) Baker, 1909; Cora Denney, Bess Ruffner, 1909-10; Pearl 
(Williams) Ruffner, 1910-12; Harvey Edwards, 1912-13; Arlar 
Walling, 1913-14; Victor Gabel, 1914-15; Sylvester Perisho, 
1915-16; Lucinda Reed, 1916; Isa (Spesard) Winnett, 1916-17; 
Mae (Cutright) Carrell, 1918; Kenneth Shade, 1918-19; Fred 
Tutewiler, Mabel Huff, 1919; Hazel (Edwards) Nott, 1919-20; Ber- 
nice (Phillipi) Waters, 1922-23; Leian (Rodebaugh) Cummins, 
1923-25; Opal Nichols, 1925; Aha Yago, 1926-27; Marie (Arney) 
Carruthers, 1926-28; Birdie (Cutright) Bensley, 1928-29; Dale 
Lacey, 1929-32; Fred Tutewiler, 1932-33; Opal Nichols, 1933-43; 
Peter Grubb, 1943-44; Evelyn Tatge, 1944-47. 


Buchanan School, District 53, was located in Spring Point 
Township about a mile north of Roslyn and between the Blue Bird 
School on the south and the White Hall School on the north. 
Records were not found to show the exact time of its beginning, 
but it is known to have been in service well before the turn of the 

It was the typical frame one-room school with a well and the 
shared drinking cup, two outhouses, and a building which housed 
coal, kindling, and the teacher's method of transportation. That 
varied with the passing of time. Two beautiful silver leaf maples 
provided shade for the playground. 

In earlier years there was a winter term and a summer term. This 
allowed the older boys to be free to help with farming and also 
avoided some of the most inclement weather. In later years there 
was a seven-month term and then an eight-month term with the 
day starting at nine in the morning and ending at four in the 
afternoon. There were two 15-minute recesses and at times the 
younger children were allowed to go out and play at other times 
during the day while the older ones continued with their recita- 
tions. Friday afternoons were a special time of games, contests of 
spelling or math, and sometimes art work. 

It was a special time when the school was "modernized" by 
partitioning off a cloak room, giving the children a place to hang 
coats and put boots, and with shelves for lunch boxes or dinner 
buckets as they were called. 

The library was very limited and the addition of wall maps, a 
globe, and a set of encyclopedias were among the greatest im- 
provements. These extras were financed by pie suppers which also 
provided community entertainment. The curriculum started 


Buchanan School, Springpoint Township 

Buchanan School - 1897 

Teacher, Gala Wells. First row: Cyrus Tolch, (2-7) unknown. 

Second row: unknown. 

Third row: (1-4) unknown, (5) Emma Tolch, (6-9) unknown, (10) Hallie Stewart, 
(1 1) unknown. 

Fourth row: Unknown, (2) Lydia Tolch, (3-9) unknown, (10) Charles Tolch, (11) 

beginning pupils with reading, writing, arithmetic and spelling. 
As they advanced, language (grammar and literature), history, 
geography, civics, Illinois history, physiology, and orthography 
were added. 

Teachers known to have served at Buchanan from 1900 to 1949 
are as follows: 

1900, Mr. Anderson; 1901, Oscar Pugh; 1905, Wm. J. White; 
1905-06, Edna Prather and Thomas Gather; 1906-07, Ernest 
Stanberry and Art Schooley; 1907-08, Merle Haskett; 1908-09, 
James Russell; 1909-10, James Russell and Z. A. Gould; 1910-11, 
Walter Seidler; 1911-12, George W. Russell; 1912-13, E. G. Strohl; 
1913-14, Anna Werth Snodgrass; 1915-16, Maude Pinkard; 
1916-17, William Gather; 1917-19, Frank Tate and Dona Tate; 
1919-20, Frank Tate; 1920-21, Lora Stirewalt and Florence Brown; 
1922-23, Florence Brown; 1923-24, George Huffman; 1924-25, 
Juanita Williams Warner; 1925-26, Ghester Peters; 1926-27, Jen- 
nie Kenworthy; 1927-28, Luke A. Tippett; 1928-29, Marion 
Walker; 1929-30, Thurman Wallisa; 1930-32, Ethel Brown; 
1932-33, John McGlellan; 1933-35; George White; 1935-36, 
Glarence G. Gollier; 1936-37, Gladys Stirewalt; 1937-38, Helen 
Huff Bridges; 1938-41, Rex Haskett; 1941-43, Lyle Marshall 
1943-48, Ethel Brown; 1948-49, Loyd Lee. 

After the districts were consolidated to form Gumberland Com- 
munity District 77, Buchanan School was sold and some of the 
lumber used to build a home in the community. Nothing is left to 
mark the spot except a lone tree which was never part of the 
school yard, but grew in the fence row on the neighboring farm. 

Submitted by Mabel Tolch Collier 


District *46 

Buck Branch School was approximately one-half mile south of 
Zikes Corner and east one-half mile. Students went to Pioneer in 
1949. A partial list of teachers include: 

Francis Marion Johnston, 1877-78; Alfred Cooter, ? ; Omer 
Rhoades, 1901; Grover Icenogle, 1907; C. M. Lawrence, 1915-17; 
0. M. Pugh of Trilla, 1920; Walter Graham, 1922-23; Ivan Van- 
Tassel, 1923-24; Frank Clevenger, 1925-26; Maye L. Reals, 
1927-30; Carl Gordon, 1930-36; Rex Haskett, 1938-41; Lyle Mar- 
shall, 1941-42; Harry Hall, 1943-44; Doris Coen, 1944-47; Pauhne 
Anthony, 1947-48; Fred Hash, ? . 


Burge was an old school in the mid-1800s located somewhere in 
the Bean district. The only teachers available include: 
John W. Miller, 1860; Francis Marion Johnston, 1861. 

District *51 

Butterfly was a brick school in Springpoint Township, one mile 
east of the Shelby County line or two and one-half miles north of 
Lillyville. Some teachers were: 

John W. Miller, 1860; Francis Marion Johnston, 1861; Anna 
Schwerdt, 1901; Ethel Coen, 1904-05; Nellie Vollmer, 1905-06; 
Clara Platz, 1906-07; Florence Reed, 1907-08; Hugo Walk, 
1908-09; Nettie Kline, 1909-10; Nettie Kline, Nettie Donohue, 
1910-13; Lena Myers, 1913-16; Marie Vaughn, 1916-17; Edith 
Kelso, 1917-18; Marie Gabel, 1918-19; Ethel Holt, 1919-20; Lenora 
Freeman, 1920-21; Delia Lawrence, ? ; Minnie Salzman, 1922-23; 
Ruth Grisamore, 1923-24; Ivy Edith Canary, 1924-25; Blanche 

Lockhart, 1925-26; Schroeder, ? ; Marion Walker, George 

Miller, ? ; Lowell Gordon, 1936; Isa Winnett, 1941; Mrs. C. M. 
Boling, 1943-46; Mrs. Carl White, 1946-48. 

Butterfly School 


District *120 

The first Buttermilk School was about one-half mile north of 
the Jasper County line. In the early 1900s, a new building was 
built three miles south of Jewett and one mile west on the north 
side of the county Ine. 

The school closed and students went to Greenup. The building 
sold in 1950 to Lew Darling. Teachers were: 

Lizzie Jay, Emma Wilson, 1897; Wm. M. Trimble, 1898; Millie 
Jones, Donald McCash, 1899; W. L. Russell, Millie Jones and 
Flora Moudy, 1900; W. L. Russell, Flora Moudy, 1901; Erie 
White, Jennie Owings, 1902-03; Susie Grissom, Jennie Owings, 
Sadie Glasener, 1904; Susie Grissom, 1905; Susie Grissom, 1906; 
Susie Grissom, Bertha Ebbert, 1907; Bertha Ebbert, 1908; Susie 
Trimble, Nella Ebbert, 1909; Cora Hutton, Nella Ebbert, 1910-11; 


q — ■^- 

Buttermilk School ■ 1948-49 
First row: Carl Wellbaum, Neil Foltz, Dale Shupe, Larry Wilson, ? boy staying 
with grandparents, Lenora Wellbaum. 

Second row: Belle Clark, teacher, Charlie Clark, George Wellbaum. 

Belva Remer, Nella Ebbert, 1912-13; Cora (Spesard) Hutton, 
1913-14; Marie (Vaughn) Armor, 1914-15; Thurman Wailisa, Nella 
Ebbert, 1915-16; Nella Ebbert, 1916-17; Thelma Fitch, 1917-18; 
Nella Ebbert, 1918-19; Andrew VanTassel, 1919-20; Raymond 
Perrott, 1920-21; James L. Paden, 1921-22; Ivan VanTassel, 
1922-23; Mabel Alice Willian, Roy Hutchison, 1923-24; Roy E. 
Hutchison, Mabel Wilson Shafer, 1924-25; Roy E. Hutchison, 
David E. Shupe, 1925-26; Goldie Gharst, 1926-28; Raymond Per- 
rott, 1928-29; Coral (Anderson) Mitchell, 1932-33; Clara (Milam) 
McGahey, 1933-35; Cora Hutton, 1935-36; Olive Wilson, 1936-38; 
Maxine Oakley, 1938-40; Albert Clark, 1940-41; Ralph Fitch, 
1941-42; Belle Clark, 1942-43; Norine Tucker, 1943-44; Aaron L. 
Funk, 1944-45; Belle Clark, 1945-48. 


District *33 

Center is located northwest of Toledo or southwest of Hickory 

Names of teachers which are available are: 

Francis Marion Johnston, 1873-74; William Lindsay Shepherd, 
1889-91; Miss Lora Davis, Newton Smith, 1900; Lora Barger, Car- 
rie (Stanberry) Elrod, 1901; Ola Mae Padrick, 1915-16; Ruth V. 
Whitacre, 1917-18; Audrey Stanberry, 1918-19; Earl Sparks, 
1920-24; W. H. Seeley, 1924-26; Pearl Connell, 1928-29; Olive 
Holsapple, 1936-37; Clema Stierwalt, 1937-39; Pearl Connell, 
1941; Mary Blaisedell, 1943-44; Martha Smith, 1944-45; Mrs. Joan 
Titus, 1945-46. 


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Center School 1936-39 
Front: Keith Myers, James Shupe, David Harris, Phyllis Cordes, Buddy Hite. 
Back: Junior Harris, John Hanley, Clema Stierwalt, teacher, Virginia Gardner, 
Francis Hanley, Lois Shupe. 

District *79 

There was another school by the name of Center in the eastern 
part of the county, formerly *8. 

When the building was no longer used for school, the students 
went to Hazel Dell. The school and plot was sold to Ivan Smith in 
1950. The building stood until 1991 when it was torn down. 

^ 0>^ ^ f^ 

Center School 1938-41 

First row: Clark Burnett, Richard Laymon, Allen Laymon, Billy Laymon, War- 
ren Laymon, Loretta Henderson, Hershella Fitch. 

Second row: Raymond Henderson, Paul Huddleston, Lowell Henderson, 
Marianne Burnett, Ruth Fitch, Dale Lacey, teacher. 


Jno Welker, David Baughman, 1862; W. W. Wade, 0. B. 
Knowlton, 1863; Olive B. Knowlton, Emma Knowlton, 1864-65 
John W. Tatham, Lottie Young, 1866; S. W. Kelly, Mary E. Can 
field, 1867; J. Challen Kelley, Dan B. Kelly, 1868; Olive Rice 
1870; J. T. Griffings, 1877; Emily Young, 1878; Charlotte Kelly 
Eveline Morris, 1879; Will Card, Ida James, 1880; W. Young, 
Eveline Morris, 1881; R. B. Meeker, W. Young, 1882; Juletta 
Ashby, L. E. Rader, 1883; M. H. Sample, George Roan, 1884: 
George Roan, 1885; G. W. Sartor, Elma Kelly, 1886; Thomas Mur 
ray, 1901; Ardie Groves, 1903; Maude Meeker, 1911; Edyth Myers, 
Chloe Sherrick, 1913-14; Blanche Shadley, 1914-17; Pearl Groves 
1917-19; Cora Campbell, 1919-20; Ronald Barger, 1920-21; Fern 
Shoot, 1921-22; Laverne Kelly, 1922-23; Walter Graham, 1923-24: 
Blanche Nichols, 1924-25; Geraldine Kelly, 1925-26; Robertine 
Keller, 1928-29; Dale Lacey, 1938-41; Bernice Lawson, 1941-42: 
Rupert Barkley, ? ; Eunice Walters, 1943-44; Ruth Laymon 
1944-45; Ralph Fitch, 1945-46; Robertine Keller, 1946-48. 

District *66 

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Christian Run School - Circa 1927 

Front: Byron Brewer, Bob Brown, Donald Evans, Dorothy Tinsman, Leatha 

Second: Donald Tinsman, Edna Fogleman. 

Third: Opal Brown, Mildred Evans, Nellie Dolan. 

Fourth: Hazel Janes, Ellen Calvert, Mrs. Opal Brewer, teacher, Edsel Brown, 
Elmer Fogleman, Raymond Tinsman. 


Christian Run was one mile north of the Salem Church. A par- 
tial list of teachers names are: 

Mr. Philip Welshimer, 1855-56. 

Students' names were: W. D. HoUey, Mrs. A. M. Green, Bill 
Green, a Peters boy and Armer children. 

Reuben Atkins, 1900; Miss Myra Elder, 1901; Philip 
Welshimer, Bertha Grissom, 1903; John Mock, 1907; Sheila 
Greeson, Claude Greeson, 1908; Claude Greeson, 1910; Lou Gray, 
1911; Gertie M. Kingery, 1915; Jap B. Schooley, 1917; Sylvia Dar- 
ling Gaines, 1918-19; Lawrence Philippi, Emma Simerly, 1919-20; 
Lenora Freeman, 1921-22; Flossie Bean, 1922-23; Alice Frank, 
1923-24; Closed, gone to nearby school, 1925; Mary Hill, 1927-28; 
Mrs. Opal Brewer, 1928-38; Charles Litchenwalter, 1938-40; Irene 
Kingery, ? ; Wm. Scott, 1941-43; Bernice Waters, 1943-44; Delia 
Cline, Irene Kingery, 1944-45. 


District *85 

Copeland was located in the southeast corner of Cumberland 
County, formerly District *6. 

Tradition is that James Alonzo Copeland owned the land and 
gave it for this school, therefore, it was named after him. The 
school closed in 1947. Students went to Hazel Dell. The building 
was sold to Dr. Harris in 1948. He moved it to his farm nearby. 
Teachers were: 

Eliza Howe, Israel Morris, 1867; J. W. Latta, C. M. Parks, 1868; 
N. R. Duer, 1869; R. B. Meeker, 1876; Eunice Griffing, 1878; 
Wallace Young, Elma Kelly, 1879; R. B. Meeker, Mollie J. Arm- 
strong, 1880; Hugh Kelly, Mollie J. Armstrong, 1881; L. L. 
Meeker, 1882; Miss Ella Kelly, 1883; John Sample, 1884; John 
Sample, Alice Copeland, 1885; A. J. Lee, L. B. Sanford, 1886; 
Clara Brooks, 1899; Mildred Richeson, 1900; Bessie Meeker, 
1903; Maude Meeker, 1909; Miss Opal Carlin, 1911; Delia McFad- 
den, 1913-16; Chas. Krouse, 1916-17; Rupert Barkley, 1917-18; Iva 
Holsapple, 1918-19; Vernice Pruitt, 1919-20; Mae Higgins, 
1920-21; Earl Davis, 1921-22; Arthur McDaniels, 1922-23; Lester 
Matheny, 1923-24; Ernestine Bancroft, 1924-26; Fern Meeker, 
Bernice Pruitt, ? ; Van Buckley, Harvey Edwards, ? ; Ernest 
Cramer, ? ; Bernice Lawson, 1936; Robertine Keller, ? ; No school 
in 1941. 

Copeland School 1913-14 

Front: Jack Hollensbe, Pauline Hollensbe, Ralph Ragon. Max Hollensbe, Dean 
Harper, Audrey Kemper, Oral Brooks, Mildred Reed. 

Second: Ethel Finney, Lodema Kemper, Opal Reed. Floyd Reed, Elmer 
Hollensbe, Lloyd Reed, Warren Finney. 

Third: Delia McFadden, teacher, Arthur Barkley, Ray Finney, Garrett Ragon, 
Clell Kelly, Blanche Reed, Gladys Kemper, Jose Reed, Dave Reed. 

District *41 

Crossing is located north of Neoga in Neoga Township. School 
closed in the 1940s when schools consolidated. Students then went 
to Neoga. All that is left to mark the school site is a red pump. 

Teachers' names available are: 

Lucy Lacy, 1901; Lois Carruthers, 1903; Miss Gertrude Wilson, 
1906-07; Mary (Buchanan) Coen, 1913; Mabel Shores, 1915-16; 
Alice Cora Dove, 1916-17; Mary Buchanan, 1917-18; X. B. 
Doughtery, ? ; Florence Sutton, 1918-19; Sylvia Buchanan, 
1921-22; Susie Grimes, 1922-23; Harry Ewing, 1923-24; Geneva 
Eleanor Lacy, 1924-25; Ora Mathilda Bigler, 1925-26; Mrs. 
Mildred Bassett, 1936; Doris Wilson, 1941; Vera Kite, 1943-44; 
Grace Dresback, 1944-47. 

Other teachers without a date are Harve Cross, Stanley Cross, 
Minnie Young, Mary Donahue, Alice Dove, Ellen Peters, Mildred 

EHstrict *76 

Delno School was located four miles east of Greenup on the 
York Road. It has had two buildings, the first a brick, the next was 
a frame building. In 1911, Virg Shelton and Jeff Walters dug a 
well at Delno. In 1948, the students went to Hazel Dell, the site 
and school was sold to Leland Devall. Teachers' names available 

Wm. Rodebaugh, 1891; Anna Tracy, 1901; A. C. Mabee, 1903; 
Elsie Wade, 1904; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 1911-13; Ardie Groves, 
1913-14; Elsie Sherrick, 1914-15; Pearl Groves, Relly Wade, 
1915-16; J. Scott Sutherland, 1916-17; J. S. Sutherland, 1917-18; 
Minor Kingery, 1918-19; Delno Underwood, Pearl Groves, 
1919-20; Harvey Edwards, 1920-22; Blanche Nichols, 1922-24; 
Gladys Williams, 1924-25; Lorene Neeley, 1925-26; Harvey Ed- 
wards, 1926-27; Cecil Stiff, 1927-28; Ralph Fitch, 1928-31; Elsie 
Sherrick, 1936; Mrs. Marie Carruthers, 1941; Betty Sturts, 
1944-45; Mary Ann Reed, Ethelyn Pumphrey, 1945-46. 

Other teachers who taught but no date was available were: Fay 
Bower, Eunice Carson, Eunice Walters, Opal Nichols, Erma Jean 

Delno School ■ 1904 

First: Pearl Duvall, Pearl Finney, Ruby Patrick, .Anna Daugherty, Elsie Bower, 
Madge Patrick, Lillie Shelton, Fred Wood, Ernest Ruffner, Frank Tharp, Hattie 

Second: Bill Ruffner, Alva Daugherty, Elsie Stark, Elsie Devall, Beulah Neva 
Patrick, Irene Duvall, Julie Shelton, Marjorie Bower, Edna Dougherty, Mildred 
Bower, Ira Wilcox, Mort Ruffner, Clarence Wood. 

Third: Sam Finney, Edgar Dougherty, Tom Patrick, Dimpel Parker, Pearl Han- 
ners, Luther Hurt, Ethel Dillier, Goldie Jacobs, Florence Wood, George Dillier. 

Fourth: Gabe Miller. Virg Shelton, Clara Shelton, Elsie Wilcox, Elsie Wade, 
teacher, Lester Devall, Alva Hurt, Ruby Hurt, Edgar Jacobs, Bill Miller. 


District *74 
Dewey school district was organized by Joseph Walden and 
Henry McSadden (?McFadden). The ground was donated by Jack 
Miller and the above Henry McSadden, located southeast of 
Liberty Hill. In later years it was a white frame building with a 
garage, first built to house the teacher's horse and later her car. 

Dewey School - June 1, 1916 

First: Joe Walden, Bertha (Myers) Glidewell, Bonnie Brown, Agnes Hunt, Opal 
Wetherholt, Dorothy Walden, unknown, Ernest Haynes, Cleta Haynes. 

Second: Walter Brown, Wayne Allison, Eileen Wetherholt, Beulah Haynes, 
Hazel Walden, Glady Reynolds, Lowell Dunn. 

Third: Cosy Brown, Sylvia Haynes, Fern (Pritchard) Walden, Ivy Sperry, 
teacher, Maude Walden, Blanche Reynolds, Opal (Glenn) Tanner. 

The buildings and site were sold to John Peters in 1950. They 
were later moved to Lowell Dunn's residence for storage. 
Teachers' names available were: 

Willis Wright, 1903; R. C. Bowman, 1908; Lillie Roberts, James 
Paden, 1908; Myrtle Sperry, 1912; Ivy Sperry, 1912; Lala E. 
Miller, 1917; Ivy Perkins, 1919-20; Elbert L Martin, 1920-21; 
Samuel Strader, 1921-22; Sarah Edna Hayes, 1923-24; Samuel 
Strader, 1924-26; Jim Paden, 1926-27; Samuel Strader, 1930-31; 
Louise (Paul) Brewer, 1936-38; Elva Carrell, 1941; Emily Shiels, 
1944-45; Lillie Roberts, 1945-48; Bertha Postlewaite, 1948-49. 


District *22 

East White Oak is located three miles east of Toledo and one- 
half mile north. 

East White Oak School • 1922-23 

Front: Raymond Bruns, Guy Fogleman, Harold Bowman, Lloyd Bruns, John 

Second: Ellen Wisner, Mary McElravy, Luke Holsapple, William Cutright, 
Albert Cutright, Naomi Starbuck. 

Third: Ernest Bruns, Tom Bradshaw, Edgar Cutright, Olive Holsapple, Lenora 
Freeman, Bessie Bruns, Flo Foglernan, Dorothy Cutright. 

This school was in session in 1865. The first house was log 
which also served as a church with Reverend Samuel Greeson as 
minister. Later a new frame house was built southwest across the 
road from the old one. 

This building was sold to Wilton Carr in 1950. 

Average attendance in 1874 was 43. Family names were: Hub- 
bard, Reynolds, Freeman, Williams, Starbuck, Baumgarner, 
Cluff, Ingle, Greeson, Thomas, Green, Carroll, Cleghorn, and 

The teachers who taught in the old log house were: Allen Busic, 
Dillen Talbott, Peter Shade, Mr. Wohlers, Mark Sperry, Alvira 
Tossey, Wm. Wylde, Thos. Moore, Thomas Stephenson and 
Charles W. Freeman. Later teachers were: 

Miles Martin, 1901; Miss Lilah Votah, 1906-07; James Paden, 
C. R. Bowman, 1908-09; Miss Pearl Williams, 1909-10; Willis 
Wright, 1913; Elsie Bowman, 1913-14; Elva Stockbarger, 1915-16; 
W. Marie Tippett, 1916-17; Irene Ray, 1917-18; Lloyd Lee, 
1918-19; Grace Browning, 1919-20; Marie Shoot, 1920-21; Mabel 
Williams, 1921-22; Nora Freeman, 1922-24; Lloyd Lee, 1924-26; 
Vora Stierwalt, 1929-30; Lloyd Lee, 1935-36; Henry Seeley, 
1936-39; Olive Holsapple, 1939-40; Eunice Carson, 1940-41; Glo 
Darling, 1941-45; Louise Roberts, 1945-46; Betty Seeley, 1946-47; 
R. A. Scott, 1947-48; W. H. Seeley, 1948-49. 

District *30 

Fairplay was located three miles west of Bradbury and north. It 
sold in 1950 to L. D. Cordes. Later Harold and Barbara Icenogle 
bought it and built on the site. They live there today. 

In 1874, average attendance was 43. Family names were Hill, 
Lacy, Miller, Davis, Mock, Duensing, Sparks, Green, Brewster, 
Lake, Randolph, Goodwin, Brant, and Croy. Directors for this 
year were Francis Hill and Thos. Lacy. Teachers were: 

Charles Jack, 1874; Manda Young, 1894; H. P. Brashares, 1900; 
G. C. Duensing, 1901-03; L. R. Atkins, 1906; Waher Nash, 1907; 
C. M. Pugh, 1908; Merrill Haskett, 1911; Ada 0. Myers, 1915-16; 
Edward L. Myers, 1917; Zelma Haskett, 1919-20; Erma Kingery, 
1920-21; Helen Huff, 1921-22; Lloyd Lee, 1922-23; Opal Huffman, 
1923-24; Opal (Coble) Tanner, 1924-25; Pearl Connell, 1926-27; 
Ida Boruff, 1930-33; Hazel Edwards, 1933-35; Bernice Knight, 
1935-37; Joseph Carrell, 1937-38; Twila Barger Painter, 1939-41; 
Ruby Jones, 1941-42; PauUne Anthony, 1944-45; Florence Mar- 
shall, 1945-47; Lyle Marshall, 1947-48; Florence Marshall, 

Fairplay School ■ 1940 
First row: Frankie Winnett, David Bland, Joe Kent Winnett. 
Second row: Norma Bland, Doris Icenogle, Joyce Winnett, David Winnett. 
Third row: Evelyn Icenogle, Mary Ruth Cooter, Twila Barger-Painter, teacher, 
Lona Marie Barger, Anita Bland. 



District *6 

Fairview East was a mile east of Union Center on the northwest 
corner of the crossroads. The land was given by Joseph and Har- 
riett Strockbine for a school and church. The first school was a 
frame building probably started between 1874-1880. Here Oliver 
Outright started to school about 1880-81 to Mr. Capps. In 1901, 
Sunday School and church were held in the school. This building 
was replaced later with a frame building as we see in the picture 
taken in 1982. Fairview was sold June 2, 1956. Students went to 
Casey when the school closed. Teachers were: 

Mr. Capps, 1880-81; George Lacey, 1898; H. M. Tipsword, Miss 
Smith, 1901-02; Anna Tracey, 1903; Ralph Cook, 1908; Bert 
Miller, 1909; Chelsie Walling, 1917-18; Minnie Salzman, 1918-19; 
Hula Church, 1922-24; Vernon Shoot, 1924-25; Clinton Cutright, 
1925-26; A. J. VanTassel, 1936; Bess Yanaway, 1941; Ellen 
Decker, 1941-45; Peter Grubb, 1945-47; Marguerite McDade, 
1947-48; Birdie Bensley, 1948-52. 


mt "■ ■ '»!i !' « [ " i » i nu ■m i mi 

East Fairview - 1982 

District *52 

Fairview West was located southeast of Neoga or west of 
Toledo, second district from the west side of the county. Edward 
Beard lives on the site now. 

Teachers' names available: 

Florence Fretts, 1903; Gertrude Wilson, 1905-06; Hallie 
Stewart, Clara Platz, 1906-07; Palmer Carrell, Lula J. Cox, 
1907-08; Miss Iva Haskett, 1908-09; Marion Walker, Chas. L. 
Walker, 1909-10; Frank Clevenger, H. Mens, 1910-11; Miss Lou 
Gray, 1911-12; Zoe Deppen, Ethel Tolch, 1912-13; Myra Niccum, 
Clara E. Bishop, 1913-14; Orin L. Jay, 1914-15; Walter Seidler, 
1915-16; Sadie Wisner, Frank Clevenger, 1916-17; Sadie Hill, 
1917-18; Roe A. Neal, 1918-20; Minnie Salzman, 1920-21; Inez 
Farr, 1923-24; John McClellan, 1924-25; Ronald Barger, 1925-26; 
Vernon Greeson, 1927-30; Virgil Tays, 1931-32; Ethel Brown of 
Neoga, 1936; Ellen Decker, 1941; Minnie Farr, 1944-46; Helen 
Bridges, 1946-47; Mabel Mason, 1947-48. 

District *28 

Faunce School was located in the south part of Springpoint 
Township. This seems to be an old school. 


Miss Cora Cooter, 1900; B. F. Willan, 1901; Miss Laura Cooter, 
Miss Daisy Reynolds, Miss Mae Mclntyre, 1903; Mattie Young, 
1904-05; Robt. Pinkard, 1905-06; Jennie Scott, 1906-07; Nella 
McCollough, 1907-08; Beulah McCollough, 1908-09. 

Students' names in 1904-05: 

Clayton Plummer, Frank Miller, Frank Harris, Vannah Harris, 
Marion Banning, Perry Banning, Lennie Lanus, Willie Lanus, 

Josie Lanus, Jessie Lanus, Merna Plummer, Zella Plummer, Velah 
Harris, Argola Banning, Gusta Needham, Delia Miller, Stella 

District *29 

Folly School was two miles north of Neal or three miles south of 

It was built in 1903. This was most likely the second building. 
Students went to Pioneer School in 1949. A partial list of teachers 

Samuel Beadle of Centralia, 1900; Austin Gilpin, new school 
completed 1903; Bert Birdzell, 1906-07; Chester A. Goodwin, 
Ernest Smith, Oscar Pugh, 1911; Coen Holsapple, 1915-16; Nellie 
Rose O'Day, 1917-18; Pauline Gordon, Alburn Rhodes, 1920-21; 
Cooper Groves, 1921-22; Inez Farr, 1922-23; Jessie Flora Jones, 
1923-24; Helen May Sheehan, 1925-26; 0. M. Pugh, 1936; Preston 
Painter, 1939; Bernice Waters, 1941; Ruby Hash, 1944-45; Norma 
Wente, 1945-46; Mrs. Don Miller, 1946-48; Mary White, 1948-49. 

District *116 

The first school was located on an acre of ground at the south 
side of the Bell Cemetery. It was used for the early settlers' 
children and erected near the cemetery. Later the school was 
moved, the site being absorbed in the cemetery. 

Ivan Stanberry tells of his grandfather, the Reverend John 
William Stanberry, born 1844 and died 1926, whose parents had 
migrated here from Chillicothe, Ohio. He was raised one-half mile 
west of Diona and attended this small log school. Times were hard 
and winters snowy, but he would trudge barefoot through the 
snow as most children did at that time. 

About 1930, Ivan witnessed the last of that old log foundation 
being removed. The next building was one mile north and one- 
half mile east of the former school. It was situated on the Haddock 
farm along the Coles-Cumberland line west of Diona. 

It is presumed it was named for the Haddock family. At the 
time of consolidation the building and land was sold to Harold 
and Nora Lawyer. It still stands in 1992. Teachers known were: 

Bige Phillips, Otto Goodman, 1901; Clayton McMorris, Otto 
Goodman, 1903; Miss Lois Williams, 1903; C. W. McMorris, 1906; 
Gertie Walters, 1907; Clayton McMorris, 1908; Melvin Carlen, 
1909; Mel Williams, 1910; Martha Titus, 1911; Ralph Webber, 
1915-16; Harvey Edwards, 1916-17; Grace Simerly, 1920-21; 
Walter Cougill, 1923-24; Albert Closson, 1924-25; Walter Cougill, 
1925-28; Mack Dodds, 1928-29; Mrs. Norine Rogers, 1941; 
Mildred Dodds, 1943-45; Norine Rogers, 1945-46; Louise Jones, 
1946-48; Gladys Fitzpatrick, 1948-49. 

Other teachers but no dates: Vivian Poe, Ross McMorris, 
Elwood Carrell, Porter Dodds, Glo Neeley. 


District *67 

The first Hamilton School was located about three and one-half 
miles west of the fairground on the north side of the present 
Route 40. It was then district *3, as the picture denotes. 

A new brick building was voted on in 1901 and was built in 
1902, one-half mile east of the original school. The building you 
see today is the second. A partial list of teachers are: 

F. L. Marrs, 1895; Miss Mollie Brewer, Mr. Lawrence, 1900; 
Mrs. Wallace of Neoga, Miss Cora Bean, 1901; W. D. Holley, a 
former Hamilton student, W. L. Russell, Mrs. Stella Reals, 1903; 
Fred Cox, 1906; Mrs. Elsie Sherrick, 1908; Euris Greeson, 1909; 
Miss Maude Cox, 1911; Gertie Kingery, 1914; Relly Wade, 1915; 
W. R. Birzell, 1917; Virginia Goodman, 1921-22; W. H. Seeley, 


1923-24; Mrs. Isa Winnett, 1924-25; Ada Myers, 1925-30; Thur- 
man Wallisa, 1931-32; Henry Seeley, 1932-33; Eugene Darling, 
1933-34; Olive Wilson, ? ; Esther (Sidwell) Rickard, 1935-38; Vera 
Tolch, ? ; Vera Queen, 1939-41; Esther (Sidwell) Rickard, 1943-48; 
Minnie E. Bolin, 1948-50; Went to Jewett, 1950-51. 

The Original Hamilton School - District *3 
(Possibly around 1895) 
First row: (Unknown). 

Second row: Delia Outright (married Woody Freeman), 
, Harrison Ward (wide-ruffled collar). 

Third row: Child next to teacher ■ Nellie Outright (married Frank Middleton), 

Ethel Keller (married Bill Ourtner), , Mamie Ward (married George Light), 

, , , Lulu Oox, 

Fourth row: Second girl from left in checkered dress - Dora Holsapple (married 
George Holsapple). Others unknown. 

Known to have attended at that time were several Cox children, Kellers, Buseys, 
Whites, Kline, Longs, and Leonards, also Frank Middleton. 

Teacher ■ F. L. Marrs. 

Hamilton School 

First row: Marjorie Wood, a visitor, Max Couch, Ralph Holsapple, Evelyn 
Freeman, Eileen Wood, Olive Freeman, Alberta Ward, Alcne Ward. 

Second row: Ellen Calvert, Everett Freeman, Irma Hubbart, Lucille Ward, 
teacher • Miss Ada Myers, Maxine Stirewalt, Lyie Ward, Ruby Mock, Bill Mock. 


District *84 

Hazel Dell is located seven or eight miles east of Route 130 on 
the Hazel Dell Road in Crooked Creek Township. 

The original school building in Hazel Dell was log. At this time 
the district number was ten. In 1877, a one-room brick building 
was built by Adam Rader, serving the community well until 1948. 

Hazel Dell School taken 1948. The old brick school and the new school before 
the old one was torn down in 1948. 

At this time, it was torn down and a new building 104' x 52' was 
constructed. This building consisted of four 20' x 30' classrooms, 
two restrooms, a modern kitchen, and an auditorium 52' x 32' 
with a sub-basement for the furnace. 

The auditorium was used for a gym and a meeting room. It was 
equipped with a piano, locker rooms and a stage, an ideal place 
for visual aid class. A ten-foot corridor divides the classrooms 
leading to the auditorium. From the kitchen in 1950, hot lunches 
were served by Kate Curry, cook. This was the first cafeteria in 
the school district. Paul Luke was custodian. 

School was in session here for one year at which time nine rural 
schools consolidated with Hazel Dell in the Casey Unit. They were 
Delno, Washington, Center, Rader, Little Brown, Baumgarner, 
Copeland, West Union and Wade. 

Six of the schools acted as school centers. They operated in this 
manner for a few years at which time Wade and West Union peti- 
tioned back into the Cumberland District. The upper four grades 
were bused into Casey. The four room structure then housed the 
lower four grades. 

In 1972 Hazel Dell school closed and the lower grades went into 
Casey. The building was sold to the community for community af- 
fairs. It now houses a local library and serves as polling place and 
special meeting place for the Hazel Dell community. Teachers 
were as follows; 

Eliza Howe, Israel Morris, 1867; J. W. Latta, C. M. Parks, 1868; 
N. R. Duer, 1869; R. B. Meeker, 1876; Eunice Griffing, 1878; 
Wallace Young, Elma Kelly, 1879; R. B. Meeker, Mollie J. Arm- 
strong, 1880; Hugh Kelly, Mollie J. Armstrong, 1881; Hugh Kelly, 
L. L. Meeker, 1882; Hugh Kelly, Miss Ella Kelly, 1883; John Sam- 
ple, 1884; Alice Copeland, 1885; L. B. Sanford, A. J. Lee, 1886; 
Jacob Phillips, Ardie Groves, ?; Miss Alice Gross, 1901; Mrs. Kate 
Smith, W. W. Collins, 1903; Cal Finney, 1909; Miss Blanche 
Shadley, 1910; Miss Viva Kelly, 1911; Opal Carlin, 1912-13; C. J. 
Finney, Blanche Shadley, 1913-14; C. J. Finney, 1914-15; Opal 
Carlin, 1915-16; M. L. Madden, 1916-18; Blanche Shadley, 
1918-20; Lillie Barger, 1920-21; Muriel Roberts, 1921-22; Audrey 
Tate, 1922-23; Lola Walling, 1923-24; Helen Carson, 1924-25; 
Leola Kuhn, 1925-26; Robertine Keller, 1929-31; Ralph Fitch, 
1935-36; Robertine Keller, 1941-42; Eugenia Tedrick, 1943-44; 
Ralph Fitch, 1944-45; Dale Lacey, 1945-62; In the new school 
building teachers were: 

Supt. Dale Lacey 
Grade 1-2 Robertine Keller 
Grade 3-4 Bernice Lawson 
Grade 5-6 Genevieve Hickox 



Supt. Mr. Garvey 
Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 
Grade 3-4 Bernice Lawson 
Grade 5-6 Wanda Miller 
Supt. Mr. O'Rourke 
Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 
Grade 3-4 Damon London 
Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brovv-n 

Supt. Mr. 

Grade 1-2 Donna Beeson 
Grade 3-4 Damon London 
Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 

Supt. Mr. 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 

Grade 3-4 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 

Supt. Mr. 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 
Grade 3-4 Ellen Decker 
Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 
Supt. Mr. 






Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 1967-68 

Grade 3-4 1967-68 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 1967-68 

Supt. Mr. Phillips 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 1968-69 

Grade 3-4 Shirley Cole, Janet Dibril 1968-69 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 1968-69 

Supt. Mr. Connelly 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox on sick leave, 

Zola Wolf 1969-70 

Grade 3-4 Shirley Cole, Janet Dibril 1969-70 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 1969-70 
Supt. Mr. Connelly 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 1970-71 

Grade 3-4 Algury Swisher 1970-71 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 1970-71 
Supt. Mr. Shoot 

Grade 1-2 Genevieve Hickox 1971-72 
Grade 3-4 Nancy Cumrin, Algury Swisher 1971-72 

Grade 5-6 Rosalie Brown 1971-72 

Moved to Casey in 1972-73 


This is an old school without a location. Very little information 
was available. Report for February 1874: 

Teacher was Oscar Hancock. 

Average attendance 31, enrollment 44. 

Students: James Lawrence, John Coen, Henry Orr, Frank 
Bruce, Mark Allison, Thomas Roby, Willie Trigg, George Bruce, 
Jacob Lawrence, Nanny Curry, Angle Higgins, Eliza Higgins, 
Mary Higgins, Ida Lawrence, Mary Curry, Ed Curry, Sarah Coen, 
Nora Coen, Indian Hall, Eliza Wharton, Lizzie Lawrence, Jane 
Lawrence, Clara Hall. 


District *121 

It is thought Hickory first started southeast of Walla Walla in 
the 1800s. Nathaniel Nees taught here soon after migrating to 
Cumberland County in 1860. Frank Greeson attended this school 
with him as teacher. No other record. It is thought this school 
burned about 1872. 

Around 1900 Hickory School was on the northwest corner, one- 
half mile south of Walla Walla. This building was torn down and 
rebuilt a half mile west on the corner. 

Hickory - 1948-49. 
First row: Gene Brown, David Lee Kimble, Richard Lee Green, Ronald Gene 
Shull. Second row: Toad Shepard, Shirley Carrico, Janice Darling, Mary Kimble, 
Clara Sue Johnson, Mary Lee Huddleston, Jerry Johnson, Larry Green, Jerry 
Green. Third row: Charles Paul, Walter James, Patsy Shull, Carolyn Carrico, 
Becky Shull, Darlene Spitz. Fourth row: John Shull, Clara Jo Sherrick. Irene Kim- 
ble, Teacher Mrs. Edith Smith, Dot Kimble. Fifth row: Mary Brown, Irma Jean 

Lightning struck the belfry of this building on August 29, 1912 
and burned it to the ground. It was soon rebuilt. 

School closed in 1949 and students went to Greenup. The 
building stood until 1991, when it was torn down. 

Teachers known to teach here were: Guy Morrison, 1901; Nora 
Stark, Willis Wright, 1903; W. L. Russell, 1906-07; W. L. Russell, 
Lon White of Janesville, 1908; Elsie Wade, Lillie Spesard, 1909; 
W. L. Russell, Carrie Greeson, 1911; Sylvia Greeson, 1915-16; 
William Lindsay Shepherd, 1916-18; Anna Mitchell, 1918-19; Jim 
Paden ?; Glo (Neely) Darling, 1922-24; Lenora Sperry, 1924-25; 
Cora (Spesard) Hutton, 1925-26; Glo Darling, 1926-27; Merle 
Nees, 1929; Louise (Paul) Brewer, 1932-36; Eunice Walters, 1936; 
George Hutton, ?; Shelby Shepherd, 1941-45; Glo Darling, 
1945-48; Edith Smith, 1948-49. 

Liberty Hill and Shull came to Hickory for the 1948-49 term. 
They went to Greenup 1949-50. 


IMstrict *26 

This school is located four and one half miles north of Toledo 
on the Burma Road. Mattie Coble sold an acre of land for the 
school. It was named for the groves of Hickory trees on this corner 
where the school was built. 

In 1951 the Hickory Corner school closed and by 1953 it was 
remodeled for a grocery store, later an auction house. It was torn 
down and the lot cleared in 1991. 

Some teachers were: Ollie Randolph, 1903; Robert Pinkard, 
1906; Lola Barger, 1907; L. A. McCandlish, 1908; Hallie Tinsman, 
Clara Deppen, 1911; Wilma Hoover, 1915-16; Gladvs Price, 
1917-18; Hollys (Rhodes) Cutts. ?; W. R. Birdzell, 1920; Mrs. Lillie 
Barger, 1923-25; Ada 0. Myers, 1925-26; Lester Drum, 1929-31; 
Pearl Connell, 1931-40; Ralph McCormick, 1941; Mary Heath, 
1943-44; Minnie Bolin, 1944-45; Edith Kelso, 1945-47; Lois 
Lashmet, Nola Douglas, 1947-48; Nola Douglas, 1948-49; Vora 
Stierwalt, 1949-51. 

District *7 

The first school was a log house located one mile west of Union 
Center at the crossroads. The log house was built on the southwest 
corner by the local farmers. Upon completion they were standing 


The picture was brought to Mary Holt by Mrs. Doyle Beeman, 
who is a close friend of Mrs. Bartimus. Mrs. Beeman said her hus- 
band's parents knew most of the children's parents. 

Hogback School 1931-32. 
First row: Bill Rodebaugh, Leroy Kuhn, Zeeda May Grissom, RoseMary Melton, 
Virginia Kuhn, Norma Kuhn, Corlista Fort, George Fort, Gene Cougill, Nadine 
Darling, Helta Kuhn. Second row: Irma Rodebaugh, Dema Darling, Irene 
Grissom, Wayune Melton, Isa Winnett ■ teacher. Bus Edwards, Bill Darling, 
Wayne Melton, Florence Melton, Betty Rodebaugh. 

around talking about it. Someone said , "What shall we name it." 
John Milton Roberts says "Hogback" so it was. 

In later years Hogback was replaced by a frame building on the 
northwest corner of this same crossroads. It still stands today as a 
residence. Teachers were: W. H. Rodebaugh, Myrtle Williams, 
1900; Miss Estelle Michaels, 1901; Bert Miller, Myrtle Williams, 
1903. Students in 1903 were Calvin Decker, Caleb Decker, Eaton 
Paxton, Webster Marshall, Aimer Coble, Coral McMehan, Pearl 
Cutright, Chloe Wall, Eliza Edwards, Cora Kuhn, Nora Hill, Edna 
Hill, Pearl Edwards, Will Decker, Willie Hill, Harvey Edwards, 
Frank Hodge, Edith Grissom. 

Andrew VanTassel, Musetta Cooler, 1906-07; Mel Williams, 
1909; Mary Miller, Geo. Lippincott, 1910; Wren Decker, Mary 
Miller, 1911; Nora Cutright, 1915; Ernest Foraker, 1916; R. C. 
Decker, 1917; Mae Cutright, 1918-19; Kathryn Bland, 1919-20; 
Mrs. M. S. Underwood, 1922-23; Ronald Barger, 1923-24; H. A. 
Edwards, 1925-26; Ellen Decker, 1929-31; Isa Winnett, 1931-32; 
Hazel Knott, 1940-41; George Miller, 1941; Isa Winnett, 1943-44; 
Eleanor Cutright, 1944-46; Mrs. C. D. Cobble, 1946-47; Birdie 
Bensley, 1947-48; Mrs. Louise Jones, 1948-49; Jack Oak and 
Hogback went together in 1948-49. 

Teachers with no years were: Chelsie Walling, Ralph 
Carpenter, Marion Underwood, Sadie Hill, Lela Walling, Albert 
Closson, Winifred Roberts, Blanche Heath, Donna Connor, 
Lucinda and Mary Ann Reed. 


Hopper was a forerunner of Liberty Hill located just north of the 
present Liberty Hill building. Teachers: Ella Payne, 1891-92; D. 
A. Ryan, 1892-93; Zelda Goodman, 1893-94; Emma Robinson, 
1894; Jennie Owings, D. A. Ryan, 1901. 

Enrollment in 1901 was 50, average attendance 39. Pupils with 
a perfect attendance: Nellie Matteson, Elsie Wright, Vernie 
Snearley, Ivy Sperry, Goldie Prichard, Linnie VanOver, Alva 
Miller, Shelby Sperry, Frank VanDyke, Arlie Coble, Gertie Mat- 
teson, Gracie Brown, Nettie Eveland, Grover Pritchard, Edgar 
VanDyke, Bennie Shoe, Etta Eveland, Essie Shoe. 

D. A. Ryan, 1901-02; Willis Wright, 1902; Staley S. Smith, 
1902-03; Alice Sherwood, 1903; William Lindsay Shepherd, 1904. 


This is an item printed in the Greenup Press in 1972, and we 
will quote the article as it was printed then. 

The picture is the property of, and identified by Mrs. John Bar- 
timus (Esta Eveland) who now lives 12 St., Mattoon, Illinois. The 
picture was taken in 1916, and is of the Hunt City Grade School. A 
special boy in the picture is the famous folk singer. Burl Ives. 

Burl Ives, folk singer, movie and television actor, with his classmates at Hunt Ci- 
ty, Illinois Grade School, class of 1916. 

First row: Willie Snyder, Silby Snyder, Burl Ives, Burr Thomas, Marvin Tur- 
nipseed, Milo Laymon, Walter Wright, Dilno Eveland, Lewis Ragon, and Floyd 
White. Second row: Naomi Wright, Artella Turnipseed, George Turnipseed, Ray- 
mond Eveland, Clinton James, Howard Ruthcman, Clyde Watt, Clarence Ives, 
Lowell Wade, Everett Knicley. Third row: Catherine Ruthcman, Bess Thomas, 
Esta Eveland, Clella Osborn, Mable Ragon, Laura Snyder, Sylvia Tharp, Opal 
Snyder, Pauline Wright, Verdie Carrell, Argola Ives, Blanche Laymon, Ruth 
Snyder. Fourth row: (Teacher) Emma James, Lucille Tharp, Alice Rulheman, Fern 
(Biggs) Harrison, Golda Knicley, Anna Alexander, Pearl Turheman, Perry 
Eveland, Arden Snyder, (Teacher) Emery Giffors, Sr., Amy Martin, Lenora Hurst, 
Opal Turnipseed. Fifth row: Willard Eveland, Reese Johnson, Lydia Rutheman, 
Artie Ives, Donald Johnson, Arlie Parr. 

District *8 

Jack Oak school was located one-half mile east of Route 121 or 
west of Union Center. After the school was closed, it was used for 
a community center. With much renovation, a very nice communi- 
ty building stands on the school site in 1992. 

Teachers were: Wm. H. Edwards, Lilly Cochonour, 1900; Bert 
Miller, George Lacey, 1901; W. H. Edwards, Cleghorn Rhue, 
1903; Nellie Buckley, 1904; Maude Carr, 1905; Will Closson, 
1906-07; Andrew VanTassel, 1908; Ethel Closson, 1909; Ren 
Decker, 1910; Isaac Decker, Pearl Carpenter, 1911; Lucinda 
Reed, 1915-16; C. M. Peters, 1916-17; Kern Shade, Ruby Beeman, 
1917-18; Euritte E. Ralston, 1918-19; Dallas Shore, 1919-20; Glo 
Neeley, Chloe Edwards, 1921-23; Ovie Sims, 1923-24; Hazel Marie 
Edwards, Glo DarUng, 1924-26; Helen Lorene Neeley, 1926-27; 
Harvey Edwards, 1927-28; Donna Connor, 1928-30; Blanche 

Jack Oak School, June 10, 1898, Miles Tipsword, Teacher. 


Heath, 1930-32; Andrew VanTassel, 1932-33; Hazel Edwards, 
1935-36; Walter Cougill, 1936-37; H. S. Shepherd, 1937-39; Fred 
Tutewiler, 1939-41; Dale Kirk, 1941-42; Peter Grubb, 1942-43; 
Irene Spurlock, 1943-44; Donna Connor, 1944-45; Fred Tutewiler, 
1945-46; Cora Hutton, 1946-48; Louise Jones, 1948-50; Glo Darl- 
ing, 1950-51. 

District *114 
Janesville is located on the Coles-Cumberland County line, 
north of Toledo. The building was a two-story brick building 
located south of Main Street. The first floor grades were 
downstairs and the 5th, 6th, 7th were upstairs. Students went to 
Toledo when schools were consolidated in Cumberland County. 
Some teachers were: L. H. Reynolds of Jewett - principal; Miss 
Reba Grisamore of Toledo - Primary 1901; Prof. Stirewalt, Oma 
Phipps, Mr. Anderson, 1903; Alburn Rhodes, principal, 1915-30; 
Ruth V. Whitacre, 1918-21; Lagreeta Gabel Shuey, 1919-20; Ber- 
tha Brewer Snodgrass, 1921-22; Eula (Stanberry) Grafton, 
1922-23; Opal (Coble) Tanner, 1923-24; Mildred (Phipps) Dodds, 
1924-25; Minnie Hedden, 1925-26; Beulah Hopper Leach, Jessie 
Post Jones, 1926-27; Dorothy (Rhodes) Higgins, 1927-28; Hollys 
(Rhodes) Cutts, 1928-29; Virginia (Carwell) Leonards, 1929-31; 
Homer Moats, Virginia Carwell, 1936; Leslie Drumm, Virginia 
Carwell, 1937; Leslie Drumm, Virginia Carwell, 1941; Dorothy 
(Sidwell) Worden, 1942-43; Berlin Flake, 1943-45; Madge Waltrip, 
1945-46; Madge Waltrip, Alice Gerard, 1946-47; Carrie Carson, 
1947-48; Audrey Tate, 1948-49. 

Janesville High, October 5, 1899. 
First row: OIlie Hardwick, Neva Stanza, Cassie Martin, Dessie Morris, Nora 
Gaines, Mabel Rodgers, Albert Claybaugh, Joe Snodgrass. Second row: Mortie 
Snodgrass, Fred Snodgrass, Bill Pinkard, Willard Martin, Bob Pinkard, Albert 
Sexton, Max Gordon. Third row: Geo. Woodburn, Teacher, Net Furry, Minnie 
Martin, Dell Gordon, ?, Bluford Morris, Saton Paxton, Lillie Dallas, Lew Wallace, 
Ida Kemper, John Taylor, Ray Brashares. Fourth row: Emma Kemper, Nell Gor- 
don, Art Rodgers, OIlie Coon. 

District ^65 

Jewett School started with a small school, located two blocks 
west of the last one. The last school was built in 1881 with the 
help of Alfred Williams, grandfather of Bess Laughter. It was a 
red brick building, later a basement and furnace were added. 

In 1920 the inside burned out and was rebuilt. A one, then two 
years of high school work was added. 

A front hall was added to the entrance in 1926. A frame room 
was added to the north side and three year high school work was 
made available. 

In 1928 an outside stairway was added to the basement to meet 
state fire codes. Later a small two story gymnasium was built of 








Jewett School 
First row: Marty Yaw, Billy Casey, Caria Brummer, Carol Shafer, Terri Phillip- 
pi, Jeffry McElravy, Marsha Gray, David Cox, Duniphan, Jack Pitcher. 

Second row: , Mary Walker, Patsy Casey, Sally Niccum, Linda Aleshire, 

Rosemary Ray, Jane Barkley, Rae Lynn Kruger, Marie Kingery, Sonny Oakley. 
Third row: Miss Olive Holsapple • teacher, Gail Gentry, Mark Trostle, Stanley Cox, 

Rickie Warfield, Brad Welbaum, Aleshire, Allen Kingery, Robert Ray, 

Linda McGinnis. 

a '^ 

'h '^^ 

Jewett Grade School - 1947-49 
First row: Bill Niccum, Leroy Powell, Earnie Barnes, Stanley "Buck" Shafer, 
Kay Roberts, Evelyn Ingram. Second row: Opal Nichols (teacher), Sharon Cooper, 
Lanora Wellbaum, Winnie Niccum, Margie Elliott, Bob Shafer Jr., Eddie Bean. 
Third row: Merle Walker, Jim Powell Frank Cox, Mac Hill, Darell Star- 

block construction. The school was completely modernized, and a 
cafeteria set up in the basement of the gym. Hot lunches were 

With progress the three-year high school was discontinued 
about 1959 with the consolidation of Jewett, Toledo, and 

Jewett High School 
Junior graduation class of 1927-28 
The students had the choice of going to Toledo or Greenup for their senior year. 
Gertrude Greeson Kingery, Sybil Gharst, Dessie Anrett Enyart. Raymond Fogle, 
Irene Cox Baker, Merle Trimble and Golden Cox. 


This left four rooms with two grades in each and a room for 
music, films and etc. There were four teachers: W. J. Jones, Mrs. 
Edna Clark, Mrs. Rosalie Chancellor and Miss Olive Holsapple. 
Verna Gentry was cook and Richard Niccum janitor. The last year 
ended May 26, 1967. 

The building was sold to be used as a civic center and polling 
place for the village of Jewett and Woodbury Township. 

Partial list of teachers: Prof. Bonham, 1898; Miss Mae Cox, 
1900; Principal W. H. Brewer, teachers Miss Mae Cox, Miss Stella 
Heals, 1901; Prin. L. H. Reynolds, Omar Rhodes, Maude Cox, 
1903; Prof. Brewer, Lillie Spesard, Nora Greeson, 1907; Miss 
Lillie Spesard, Nora Greeson, 1908; L. M. Barger, Stella Beals, 
Carrie Ray, 1915-16; Marie Vaughn, Irl Neal, 1916-17; Stella 
Beals, Marie Vaughn, Irl Neal, 1922; Maude Ray, Marie Vaughn, 
Irl Neal, 1923; Supt. C. A. Stickler, Carrie Ray, Stella Beals, Opal 
(Christian) Coen, 1925; Carrie Ray, Maude Vaughn, Irl Neal, 
1926; Supt. Wm. I. Birdzell, Carrie Ray, Irl Neal, Marie Vaughn, 
1927; Prin. Mr. Connor, Birdie Bensley, Olive Holsapple, 1930-31; 
Prin. Mr. Davis, Vera Ray, Birdie Bensley, Roy Hutchison, Thur- 
man Wallisa, 1931-32; Supt. N. A. Goldsmith, Helen Phillips, Roy 
Hutchison, Velma Rodebaugh, 1936; Pearl Connell, 1942-43; Opal 
Nichols, 1944-45; Prin. Everett A. Underkofler, Vera Ray, Pearl 
Connell, Opal Nichols, 1945-46; Pearl Connell, Opal Nichols, Vera 
Ray, 1946-47; Pearl Connell, Opal Nichols, Vera Ray, 1947-48; 
Bland Henderson, Opal Nichols, Olive Holsapple, 1948-49; Opal 
Nichols, Elva Carrell, 1949-50; Opal Nichols, Olive Holsapple, Isa 
Winnett, Opal Cougill, 1954-55; Opal Cougill, Isa Winnett, Olive 
Holsapple, Walter L. Scott, 1956-57; Prin. Wm. Jones, Opal 
Cougill, 1958; Wm. J. Jones, Prin., 1967. 

District *112 

Johnstown School started with a log cabin built about 1850, 
one-half mile east of the present building. 

Between 1861-65 a new school was located on North Main 
Street to replace the log cabin. 

In 1900-01 a new building was built by Jordan Haddock and 
Lewis Landrus. Lena Hill was hired for teacher with 65 students. 
The previous school was used for a store building. 

Johnstown has always been a community center with quite a 
number of students in attendance at Christmas programs, school 
elections, civic meetings and the most interesting debates, each 
with a talented speaker. 

In 1954, the Johnstown students went to Toledo School. In May 
1955, the building was sold to the Johnstown Community Club, 
which kept the town alive with their annual cornbread and bean 

Some of the teachers who taught Johnstown were: James Drum, 
Henderson Whisenand, 1872; Prof. Barr, Bill Whisenand, ?; 
Harve Davis, John D. Hill, Bill Lake, ?; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 
1884-85; Mr. Deweese, 1899; A. T. White, Mrs. Deweese, Sarah 
Croake, 1900; Mrs. Lora White, A. T. White, Jack Lee, 1901; Lena 
and Alice Hill, ?; F. A. Whitacre, Lon White, 1903; Ed Myers, 
1909; Willie Hill, Otto Ballinger, Harve Trent, ?; Nellie Oakley, 
1911-14; Stella Cooper, Rachel Sutton, ?; Grover Icenogle, 
1915-16; Laurell Scranton, 1917-18; Charles Lawrence, Chester 
Peters, ?; Jessie P. Jones, 1922-23; Sylvia Starwalt Jenkins, 
1923-25; Martha Starwalt of Lerna, 1925-26; Doc Russell, Zelma 
Russell, ?; Sadie and Alice Hill, ?; Pearl Connell, 1929-30; Helen 
Shull, 1930-31; Blanche Morgan, 1936-45; Martha Smith, 1945-51; 
Elva Carrell, 1951-52. 

District *16 

Jones School was located one-half mile east of the Cottonwood 
Church or two and one-half miles east of Bradbury. This was a 
well kept and equipped school. 

It was discontinued in 1949 and consolidated into District *77. 
The building was sold to Dale Pennington. Some teachers who 
taught Jones School were: Mary Dewees, 1901; Mrs. Emma Simer- 
ly, L. A. McCandlish, 1903; Alburn Rhodes, 1911; Ida Norviel, 
1915; Willis Wright, 1917; Waher Cougill, 1920; W. C. Graham, 
1923-24; Audrey Tate, 1925-26; Floyd Clark, 1926-27; Eva Lacy, 
1927-28; Walter Cougill, 1928-32; Mildred Phipps, 1932-33; Ralph 
McCormick, 1933-34; Leo Shoot, 1934-35; Wm. Scott, 1935-39; 
Joseph Carrell, 1940-44; W. H. Seeley, 1944-45; Berlin Flake, 
1945-48; Martha Smith, 1949-50; Mary Craig, 1950-51; Elva Car- 
rell, 1951-52. 


District *31 

King was located one mile west of Bradbury and one-half mile 
north. The first King School was about a mile south of the above 
school in the 1890s. Teachers were: Francis Marion Johnston, 
1887-88; Henry Sparks, 1900; Henry Sparks, Cora Cooter, F. 
Young, 1901; Henry Sparks, 1903; Harve Davis, Ed Davis, ?; Alon- 
zo Grafton, Harve Trent, ?; Cassie Lacey, Vada Bloomfield, ?; 
Henry Tippett, 1907-08; Claude Butler, 1915; Audry Beals, Earl 
Sparks, 1916-17; Helen Shull, Earl Sparks, 1917-18; Lloyd Lee, 
Earl Sparks, 1919-21; Chester Peters, 1921-24; Merrill Haskett, 
1924-26; Lloyd Lee, 1928-31; Olive Holsapple, 1932-34; Ralph Mc- 
Cormick, 1934-35; Vora Stierwalt, 1935-38; Opal Brewer, 1938-43; 
Joseph Carrell, 1943-44; W. H. Seeley, 1944-45; Minnie Bolin, 

Jol,ri»l.iv,ri S.I I, IW2. 

King School - 1939 
Front row: Unknown, unknown, Robert Scott, Donavon Gardner, Raymer girl, 
Marge Raymer. Back row: Teacher, Mrs. Glen Brewer, Armila Carrell, unknown, 
unknown, Betty Raymer, Nina Anderson, Harold Raymer, Raymer girl. 



EMstrict *11 

The first Lacey school was a log house located northwest across 
from the northwest corner of the Longpoint Cemetery in Union 

Later it was replaced with a frame house one mile north on the 
east side of the road. This building was sold and is a residence in 
1992. Teachers were: W. H. Edwards, S. Bowman and George 
Cochonour, 1901; J. C. McCracken, George Lacey, 1902-03; 
Thomas Murray, J. C. McCracken, 1903-04; J. A. Phillips, Nellie 
Buckley, 1904-05; George Lacey, Pearl Carpenter, 1905-06; Mrs. 
Mary Miller, Alice Stifal and Andrew VanTassel, 1908-09; George 
Lacey, 1914-16; Glenna Strong, 1916-17; Mamie O'Rourk, 
1917-19; Joel Kemper, 1920-22; Mack Dodds, 1923-25; Everett Do- 
ty, 1925-26; Fred Tutewiler, 1926-28; Landis Diehl, 1930-31; Bess 
Yanaway, 1936; Ellen Decker, 1945-46. 

Students went to Casey when the school closed. 

Lacey School - 1914 
Ruth Lacey, Velma Agler, Maurine Agler, Dale Lacey, Walter Lacey, Kenneth 
Tracy, unknown, Victor Edgett, unknown, unknown, Cordelia Burson, Mildred 
Lacey, Golden Burson, Reba Lacey. Three little girls in front - unknown, Naomi 
Queen, Arlene Edgett, Vera Baird, Ruth Tracy, Cecil Brummett, Bessie Hayworth, 
Forrest Brummett, Pete Sprague, Gerald Tracy, unknown, (far right rear) Arthur 
(Tod) Middleton, Raymond Burson, and George Lacey, Teacher. 


District *5 
LaFever was located one mile west of Casey and one-fourth mile 
south on the east side of the road. This school closed in 1945. The 
building stood until a few years ago. A new home is on the site to- 
day, 1992. Teachers names available: Ollie Emerich, 1901; Miss 
May Black, 1903; Forrest Carr, 1905; Pearl Carpenter, 1909; 

Florence Reed, ?; Zula Durham, 1915-16; Chelsie Walling, 
1916-17; Opal Reed, 1917-18; Louie Groves, 1918-19; Fay Neeley, 
1919-20; Bess Yanaway, 1920-21; Bernice Philippi, 1921-22; Marie 
Arney, 1922-23; Edith (Nichols) Glenn, Florilla Susan Card, 
1923-24; No school, went to nearby school (less than 6 pupils) 
1924-25; Evelyn Cutright, 1930-31; Pearl (Groves) Brown, ?; Lou 
Chrysler, ?; Mrs. Rhea Wickiser, 1936-38; Corine Shick, ?; Mrs. 
Ruth Gilbert, 1941; Ethelyn (Fitch), 1943-44. 


District *40 

Lambert was located at Junction Route 45/121, east side of the 

In 1871, Lambert school was known as Frog Pond. The com- 
munity was Lambert Prairie. The school was along the old Clover 
Leaf and Nickelplate Railroad, which came down from Trilla. Its 
whistle can well be remembered by students of that day. 

When the school closed in 1949, students went to Pioneer. 
Teachers were: Austin Gilpin, 1901; Roby E. Thayer, 1903; Leslie 
Haskett, Ethel McClain, ?; Dorothy Hite, Jennie Major, ?; Adam 
Brick, 1914-15; Daisy Jones, 1915-16; Lois Whitacre, 1917-18; 
Ethel Hackley, 1918-19; Leah Dove, 1919-20; Cecelia Sands, 
1920-21; Winifred Buchanan, 1921-22; Sylvia Buchanan, 1922-23; 
Emma Francis Moran, 1923-24; Russell Hovey, 1924-25; Ethel 
Bickle, 1925-26; Nina (O'Day) McMuUen, ?; Thelma Noyes, 
1936-41; Lois Lashmet, 1942-43; Philomena Greuel, 1943-47. 

District *72 

Liberty Hill School is located 3 miles south of Greenup, east 
side of Route 130. It stands today, 1992, in good condition, being 
used for community affairs. 

For the history see pages 127-129 in the 1968 Cumberland 
County History Book. 

Since Hopper School was a forerunner of Liberty Hill, see Hop- 
per School for the earliest teachers. It seems there was an overlap 
of a few years. 

Following is an incomplete list of teachers: L. C. Markwell, 
1903; W. Lindsay Shepherd, 1906-07; Willis Wright, Ernest 
Fisher, Pearl Fehner, 1907-08; Mrs. Spears, 1909; Myrtle Sperry, 
1910; Elsie Sherrick, 1911; Ursel McKinley, 1912-13; James L. 
Paden, 1915-16; Lola Shepherd, 1916-17; W. L. Russell, 1917-18; 

Le Fever School • 1919 
Thelma Freeman, Laura Arnold, Hortense LaFever, Keith Black, Vera Shelton, 
Berniece Bradford, Doyle Freeman. Fay Neeley, teacher. 

Liberty Hill School 
First row: Edgar Markwell, Dorris Wright, Clifford Paul, Detroit Wright, John 
Light, Dean Sutherland. Second row: Lowell Markwell, Fred Paden, Lottie 
Strader, Harold Howard, Lois Light, Bessie Eveland, Juineta Sexson, Helen 
Richardson, Edith Paden, Bonnie Paul, Leeta Strader, Mabel Gable. Third row: 
Herbert Eveland, Dale Richardson, Opal Light, Mildred Paden - teacher, Jim 
Paden, Treva Snearley, Lucille Richardson, Aha Paul, Leon Sutherland. 


Ivy Sperry, 1918-19; Lala Miller, 1919-20; James L. Paden, 
1920-21; Euris Greeson, 1921-22; W. C. Graham, 1922-23; James 
L. Paden, 1923-25; Glo Darling, 1925-26; Lenora Sperry, 1926-28; 
Louise Brewer, Elva Carrell, 1928-30; Glo Darling, 1930-31; 
Samuel Strader, 1931-32; James L. Paden, 1932-34; Louise 
Brewer, 1934-36; Lester Ward, 1936-37; Mollis Wright, 1941-45; 
Shelby Shepherd, 1945-46; Peter Grubb, 1947-48. 

Liberty Hill went to Hickory with teacher Edith Smith, 1948-49. 

District *123 

Lillyville is the district in the southwest corner of Cumberland 
County, a German settlement with strong belief in education. It 
started in 1862, in a log cabin on the Frank H. Schumacher farm 
with G. H. Willenborg as teacher. Four years later a larger, more 
modern building was erected on land donated by John Will. 

As years went by this proved to be too small and the new brick 
church was erected. The school moved into the old church. 

In the 1930s the present school was built. Lillyville had a 
teacher, Herman B. Hotze who served 50 years. 

Upon consolidation of schools in 1948, Lillyville became part of 
Teutopolis Community Unit *50 of Effingham County. 

Teachers were: Herman Hotze taught 50 years; Sr. M. 
Hermengeld Moss of Sigel, 1936; Sisters Hermengeld and 
Georgette, 1941. 

Family names in attendance in 1907 were: Schumacher, 
Ruholl, Wente, Willenborg, Holkenbrink, Feldhake, Thoele, 
Krampe, Unkraut, Dasenbrock and Hotze. 


My first day at the Little Brown School was May 18, 1916, at 
age one year and thirteen days. I don't remember it but Ethel 
Underwood was teacher. She had 20 pupils. Grace Kitchen took 

My first grade teacher was Lala Glidewell and some days it was 
only she and I. We had a good time and lots of reading. After a 
heavy rain the water was so deep south of the school or west of the 
school, the children couldn't get there. Many times the kids had 
wet feet and the teacher dried the wet things by hanging them on 
the jacket around the old "gassy, smoky" coal furnace which sat 
in the northwest corner at that time. There was a water bucket 
with one dipper from which we all drank. Heavy wire screens 
covered the school windows. 

All schools had two little houses (out back) with a Sears or Mont- 
gomery Ward catalog. The coal house was just behind the school. 

Some years all eight grades were taught. The teacher did it all, 
teach, clean, fire the furnace, nurse, doctor, supervise the play 
ground, entertain and fixer of all. 

Our playground equipment consisted of a rope, some balls, a 
bridge plank teeter totter on two cement blocks, a baseball bat 
and our imagination. The teacher read short stories or a page or 
two from a continued story each morning and noon as school 
took up. We played learning games after the last recess of each 
Friday. We ciphered, had spelling bees, hunted cities on the map 
and blackboard games. 

Santa Claus came at Christmas. We always had a Christmas 
program and invited our parents and friends. 

The Little Brown School was closed in February, 1949. The 
pupils went to Hazel Dell to the new consolidated school. 

Submitted by Mrs. Irene HoUensbe 


District *82 

The original "Little Brown School" could possibly have been a 
log building, but it is remembered in 1979, as a one-room building 
with brown siding. It also probably had hewn benches made from 
logs with the top side flat for seats. But our oldest member 
remembers it as having old double seats handmade but with the 
shape of a desk and seats as we see today in our museums. It was 
a small one-room building with a door facing east and two win- 
dows on the north and two windows on the south. The building 
was low to the ground so there was no need for steps. It had a 
wood-shingle roof and weather board siding. 

_, Dale Richardson. Sec- 

Front row: Max Barkley, Russell Miller, , _ 

ond row: Irene Hollensbe (baby), Grace Kitchen, Rupert Barkley, Loreen Glenn, 

Letner, Nina Kelly, Doyle Richardson, , Lois Lansbery, 

Third row: Willis Glenn, Alvin Kitchen, Daniel Laymon, Audrey Glenn, Zola 
Letner, Ethel Underwood, Eva Miller. 

First Little Brown School ■ 1870s-1903. 

The original structure was built in the early 1870s. Etta 
(Freeland) Fitch was born in 1872, and she went to the Little 
Brown School, probably starting in 1878. Records from these 
early years were impossible to ascertain today, but from family 
records Clara Leamon (later Freeland) was teaching there in 1887. 
Laura Travis (McElwee) was ninety-two years old August 20, 1979, 
which probably makes her birth date 1887. She went to school all 
eight grades in the old building 1895 to 1903. She received a 
teacher's certificate and taught the Little Brown School in the 
new building around 1904 or 1905. The new building was a larger 
one-room building with the door still facing east, but had three 
windows on the north and three windows on the south. It was built 
higher off the ground, there were three concrete steps into a tiny 
porch leading into the building. The roof had wood-shingles and 
the weather board siding painted light gray with white trim 


'^'^^^V?'~'~ "^ W^^M 


^' "^^Hmmi 

■ ^ lii'" "^^^^^^^^^ 

Second Little Brown School still standing in 1992. 

around door and windows. In later years the building was all 

Florence Stading tells us her grandfather built the new building 
with Jake Phillips, her father, helping. Myrna (Travis) Greeson 
went to school there in 1905, and her teacher was Daisy Yelton. 
Sylvia (Shull) Markwell started teaching in the fall of 1911, and 
also taught the summer term of 1912. In the fall of 1912, she 
returned and taught winter and summer terms of seven con- 
tinuous months. Perhaps about this time was the starting of seven 
months continuous term rather than the divided fall and summer 

Sylvia Markwell says in her report at the 1979 reunion that 
when she taught in 1911 and 1912 the room was small and faced 
the east. Only one door in the east with shelves on both sides just 
inside. The shelf on the south was for the water bucket (with one 
dipper) and dinner buckets. The shelf on north side of door was 
for caps, mittens, etc. A heating stove sat in the center of the 
room. The teacher's desk, recitation bench, blackboards, dic- 
tionary and maps were located in the west end. The desks facing 
west at that time. Three windows in the north and three in the 
south. Much later a door was put in the south near the west end. 

Sylvia and her students papered the school house one spring. 
The ceiling was very high. She had nineteen students in all eight 
grades. When the weather was nice she drove a horse and buggy 
and put the horse in Sam Miller's barn across the road on the 
north from the school. In bad weather she boarded with Craig 
Kelly's. The women of the district pieced quilt blocks for her and 
she and Mrs. Kelly quilted the quilt during the winter. Delia 
Laymon baked three pies for her two daughters. Opal and Eva, 
and for Sylvia to take to a pie supper at the West Union School. 

Directors of the school at that time were Bert Travis, Charles 
Glenn and Clair Laymon. 

Estaline Miller taught two years 1924-25 and 1925-26. She had 
twenty-six students ages five through fourteen in six grades. 
When she taught, a furnace with a big jacket sat in the north west 
corner of the room. The jacket made a good place to dry wet 
clothing. Walking in rain, mud or snow made wet children. Direc- 
tors were Charles Glenn, Aaron Hawker and Rush Applegate. 

Thelma Collins was probably the first to serve a hot lunch to the 
country school children. At this time the stove was back in the 
center of the room. It made a great place to cook a big pot of 
beans or hot soup. She taught ten years between 1934-1948, then 
moved with the Little Brown School to Casey Unit District '"C-l at 
Hazel Dell when consolidation came along. 

The Little Brown School is one of only two country schools still 
standing in Crooked Creek Township. The remains of the 
Bumgarner School can still be found among the many trees sur- 
rounding it. 

Submitted by Irene Hollensbe 



Early in the spring of 1979, Herman Glenn, Faye Kemper, 
Thelma Collins and Gladys Payne began thinking "Little Brown 
Reunion." Sunday, August 26, 1979, became "the day", with the 
help of Mrs. Herman Glenn, Gladys Nash, Lela Smith, Neva 
Lacey, Mr. and Mrs. Lester Glenn, Irene Hollensbe and Carolyn 
Lansbery the day was planned. 

After a bountiful dinner, Thelma Collins called the group to 
order by ringing the old hand school bell used by Edna (Kelly) 
Hawker when she taught at the Rader School about 1907. Carl 
Collins acted as master of ceremonies and Thelma Collins led in 
several appropriate songs from a special little, yellow "souvenir" 
song booklet prepared by Beulah (Collins) Aide. Thelma read the 
history of Little Brown District *82, dating from the early 1870s 
to February, 1948, when the school moved to Hazel Dell because 
of consolidation. Letters were read from Robertine Keller (teacher 
1927-28) now in Arkansas and Inez (Titus) Spessard of Strasburg, 
Illinois. Thelma also read Sylvia (Shull) Markwell's memories of 
her teaching days at the Little Brown. Aaron Hawker, age 93, the 
only living past school director, was introduced. 

Eighty-six people signed the register with Holly Lewis from 
Baltimore, Maryland coming the farthest. Nine were from In- 
diana, fifty-four from Casey, Greenup and Hazel Dell and twenty- 
one from other Illinois cities. Nine teachers were present: Sylvia 
(Shull) Markwell, Dorothy (Shull) Ewart, Estaline Miller, Juanita 
(Chapman) Wattleworth, Lala (Miller) Glidewell, Faye (Bower) 
Kemper, Thelma (Fitch) Collins, Gladys (Davis) Payne and Helen 
(Herrell) Lemen. 

The second Little Brown Reunion was held at the bank of Casey 
community room, August 24, 1980. Officers elected were: Herman 
Glenn, president; Clarence Roan, vice president; Neva Lacey, sec- 
ond vice president, and Irene Hollensbe, secretary and treasurer. 
Aaron Hawker, age 94, school board director, was again present. 
Teachers attending were Thelma Collins, Faye Kemper, Gladys 
Payne, Mrs. Helen Lemen and Juanita Wattleworth. Thirty-five 
people attended. 

The next reunion date was the third Sunday in September, 
1981 at the Hazel Dell communitiy building. Four teachers, 
Gladys Payne, Thelma Collins, Faye Kemper and Louise Brewer 
were present, but due to illness Aaron Hawker, school director, 
was unable to attend. Thirty people came to enjoy a good dinner, 
visiting with old friends and taking pictures. 

September 19, 1982, we met again at the Hazel Dell Community 
Building. Again four teachers, Thelma Collins, Faye Kemper, 
Lala Glidewell and Louise Brewer were present. Mr. Hawker, 
school board director, had passed away in February. Audrey 
Hawker was the oldest pupil attending and Arthur Glenn the 
youngest. Forty friends enjoyed the day together. 

September 28, 1983, again we had four teachers present, 
Juanita, Gladys, Louise and Thelma. This year we had lost a 
faithful friend and teacher, Faye Kemper. Helen Lemen reported 
she had been ill, but was improving. 

Reunions were held each year at the Hazel Dell community 
building. Our last reunion was held September 13, 1987. Each 
year a delicious meal was served at noon and our little school bell 
was rung. After 63 years of Little Brown history, five teachers 
were still living but only Juanita Wattleworth was able to attend 
that day. Thelma Collins became very ill that morning and 
couldn't attend. The weather was beautiful and another reunion 
was enjoyed. Plans were made for 1988 reunion, however, due to 
the death of Herman Glenn and illness of others the planning 
committee was dissolved. No reunion was held in 1988, nor since. 
Still the "Little Brown" days are fondly remembered by many. 


Back row: Lester Glenn, George Lewis, Arthur Glenn, Pauline (Lewis) Howard, 
Wanda (Whitworth) Hedges, Betty (Brown) Thomas, Carl Collins, Josephine (Whit- 
worth) Cox, Norval Chapman, Lela (Chapman) Smith, Grace (Hawker) McFarling, 
Clarence Roan, Zola (Letner) Hurt, Lowell Henderson. Third row: Richard Whit- 
worth, Holly Lewis, Hollie Dillier, Pearl Diller, Elwood Hawes, Dorothy (Payne) 
Stewart, Herman Glenn, Lois (Inskeep) Kelly, Audrey (Glenn) Hawker. Second row: 
Howard Stevens, Neva (Huddlestun) Lacey, Beulah (Collins) Aide, Lois (Laymon) 


District *3 

Lockwain was located a mile southwest of Diona. This school 
started in a log building. It burned and a frame school was 
erected. After a few years it was sold to a Jones family for a home. 

The next building was built in 1910. School was held here until 
consolidation, then sold to Jerry Hopkins in 1950. This building 
burned in 1968. Teachers as known were: Prof. Wm. H. Edwards, 
Alburn Rhodes, 1901; Lizzie Edwards, 1901-02; Wm. H. 
Rodebaugh, 1902-03; Otto Goodman, 1903; Alburn Rhodes, 1906; 
Ren Decker, 1909-10; Melvin Carlen, 1910-11; Bertha Brewer, 
1911-12; Walter Cougill, Pearl Carpenter, 1912-13; Irl Neal, Mack 
Dodds, 1913-14; Walter Cougill, Mack Dodds, 1914-15; Opal 
Ryan, 1915-17; Harry Callahan, 1917-18; Albert Closson, 1918-19; 
Mack Dodds, 1919-20; Glo Neeley, 1920-21; Ovie Sims, 1921-22; 
Pearl Cougill, 1922-23; Charles Askew, 1923-24; Ovie Sims, 
1924-26; Don Haddock, 1926-27; Joseph Carrell, 1929-30; Andrew 
VanTassel, 1930-31; Kenneth Sims, 1931-32; Don Haddock, 
1932-36; Leland Yanaway, 1936-39; Don Haddock, 1939-41; 
Eleanor Wade, 1941-44; Iris Garner, 1944-47; Norine Rogers, Iris 
Garner, 1947-48; Gladys Fitzpatrick, 1948-49; Gladys taught Had- 
dock and Lockwain together in 1948-49. 

District *50 

Lone Elm was located 4 miles south of Neoga. Teachers were: 
Miss Bessie Sheehan, 1900; Mary Fellows, 1901; Irma Fancher, 
1903; Ina Bassett, Ella Reid, 1905-06; Maye Lindley, 1906-07; 
Lucia Ragon, 1907-08; Grace E. Baker, 1908-09; Grace Hand, An- 
na Werth, Fred Fellows, 1911; Anna Werth, Nettie Kline, 191 1-12; 
Gertie Kingery, 1912-13; Christine Neal, Marie Vaughn, 1913-14; 
Anna Davidson, 1915-16; Verona E. Kline, 1916-18; Walter 
Seidler, 1918-19; Minnie Salzman, Wm. Gather, 1919-20; Leah 
Dove, 1920-21; Frank Clevenger, 1922-25; Helen G. Baker, 1925; 
Flossie Lockhart, 1928-29; Florence Brown, 1929-31; Florence 
Brown, 1936-41; Ethel Brown, ?; Florence Brown, 1945-49. 

Lansbery, Inez (Carson) St. John, Irene (Hawker) Hollensbe, Mildred (Neimeyer) 
Slusser, Catherine (Neimeyer) Frietsch, Mary (Miller) Hume. Front row: Director 
■Aaron E. Hawker, Teachers - Thelma (Fitch) Collins, Faye (Bower) Kemper, 
Gladys (Davis) Payne, Helen (Harrell) Lemen, Lala (Miller) Glidewell, Juanita 
(Chapman) Wattleworth, Estaline Miller, Dorothy (Shull) Ewart, Sylvia (Shull) 

District #45 

Long Point was southwest of Neoga. For a brief history see 
Page 33 of the 1968 Cumberland County History Book. Teachers 
as I found them were: Lillian Burchfield, 1894; P. A. Stierwalt, 
1900; Wm. Pugh, W. H. Edwards, 1901; Bertha Bingaman, 1903; 
Allie Handley, 1915-16; Lois Whitacre, 1916-17; Maude Ray, 
1917-18; Zelma Haskett, 1918-19; Minnie Ewing, Dona Tate, 
1919-20; James Carwell, 1920-21; Ellen Peters, 1921-22; Flossie 
Lockart, 1922-23; Beulah Swengel, 1923-24; Mary Edna Farr, 
1924-25; Marion Walker, 1925-26; Mrs. Sylvia Swinehart, 1929-44; 
Mildred Albin, 1944-45; Norma J. Huff, 1945-46; Mary M. 
Blaisdell, 1946-47. 

District *58 

Look Out was 5 miles west and 2 miles south of Toledo. 
Teachers were: Roy Baker, 1901; Millicent Jones, Jennie Scott, 
1903; Iva Starwalt, Chester Peters, 1913-14; Chester M. Peters, 
1914-15; Erma I. Kingery, 1915-16; Frank Tate, 1916-17; Stella 
Oakley, 1917-19; Florence Brown, 1919-20; Chester Peters, 
1920-21; Helen Huff, 1921-22; Ovie Sims, 1922-23; Chester Peters, 
1923-24; Vora Stierwalt, 1924-26; Ethel Brown, 1926-27; Kermit 
Black, 1927-29; Luke Tippett, 1929-30; Eugene White, 1930-32; 
Wm. Gather, 1932-33; J. M. McClellan, Dolita Janes, 1933-34; 
Dolita Janes, 1934-35; Lester Drumm, 1935-36; Audrey Tate, 
1936-38; Wm. Gather, 1938-41; George Hutton, 1941-42; Carl Gor- 
don, 1943-44; Mrs. Don Miller, 1944-45; Mrs. Don Miller, Norma 
Huff, 1945-46; Mary Blaisdell, 1946-47. 

District n\ 

Lost Creek was just one-half mile south of the Harmony 
Church, south side of a hill and along Lost Creek. In the 1870s 
Lost Creek was a log building used also for church purposes at 
that time. 


Later a frame building was built and had school until consolida- 
tion. It was sold and removed in 1950. Teachers: Cora Cooler, 
1901; Lillian Cochonour, 1903; Edith Myers, 1910; Miss Stella 
Greeson, 191 1; Elsie Bowman, ?; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 1915-16; 
Louisa Boots, 1917-18; Isa Winnett, 1918-21; Letha Carrell, 
1922-23; Mary Shoot, 1923-24; Mrs. Gladys Williams, 1924-25; 
Doris Van Valley, 1925-26; Isa Winnett, 1926-27; Esther (Sidwell) 
Rickard, 1928-29; Esther (Sidwell) Rickard, 1930-31; Fred 
Tutewiler, 1936; Corine Shick, 1941. 

McMillan school 

District *2 

This school is located 2 miles north of Union Center. Elia and 
Alice Delp sold ground to the school trustees on April 17, 1884. A 
nice brick building was built and named McMillan. 

In 1948, it consolidated with Tadpole School 2 miles east of it. 
Later both went to Casey. 

Joe and Laura Melton purchased the property January, 1964, 
and converted it into a country home. 

Later it was sold to Gary Grissom, John Bailey owns the pro- 
perty at the present time and resides there. The following teachers 
taught at McMillan: M. A. Tipsword, 1900; Walter Hill, 1901; W. 
H. Rodebaugh, Bert Miller, Nellie Buckley, 1903-06; Gertie 
Walters, 1907; Grover Carpenter, 1908; Miss Nellie Woodford, 
Clara Woodford, 1909; Marion Underwood, Harvey Edwards, 
1910-11; Ruth Lippincott, Bertha Snodgrass, ?; Albert Closson, 
Glenna Strong, ?; Porter Dodds, 1915-16; Bess Yanaway, 1916-17; 
Glo Neeley, ?; Mae Loser, 1921-22; Rosie Fox, 1923-24; Leiand 
Yanaway, Myrtle Walters, ?; Charles Askew, 1924-26; Mack 
Dodds, 1936; Mary Ann Reed, ?; Audrey Reed, 1941-48. 

Submitted by Ruby Coleman 

Midway School is on the southeast corner of the crossroads at 
Neal. The school closed in 1948, children went to Pioneer School. 
After this, Jona Miller bought the building and an acre of land it 
sits on for 8700. The building still stands today, 1992, as a land- 
mark on the Neal Crossroads. 

A partial list of teachers include: Francis Marion Johnson, 
1875-76; Prof. Clint Miller, G. E. Duensing, 1900; Prof. James 
Anderson, G. E. Duensing, 1901; C. H. Beck, 1903; Miss Maude 
O'Day, 1906; Geo. L. Ewing, Ernest Stewart, 1907; Jap Schooley, 
Frank Tate, 1911; Harry Sparks, 1915; May L. Beals, 1917; May L. 
Beals, 1920-22; Mrs. Maude Hufman, 1923-25; Maye L. Beals, 
1925-27; Maye L. Beals, 1930-31; George White, 1936; Mrs. Cora 
Button, 1941; Minnie Bolin, 1943-44; Mary Blaisdell, 1944-46; 
Gladys Knipmeyer, 1946-47; Mary White, 1947-48. 

District *63 

Morton is located 2 miles east of the Radley School. Morton 
burned in the late 1940s. In 1950 the land was sold to Jennie 
Owings. Some teachers were: A. D. Morton, 1874; William Lind- 
say Shepherd, 1886-87; William Lindsay Shepherd, 1893-95; 
Harvey Gross, Lola Green, Millie Jones, 1901; Justin Brewer, 
1902-03; W. D. Holley, a scholar in the 1800s, 1903; John Mock, 
Elsie Wade, 1906; Elsie Wade, Euris Greeson, 1908; Mrs. Norma 
Farmer, 1909; Relly Wade, 1911; Lue Gray, 1915-16; Erma 
Kingery, 1917; Ruth E. Pinkard, 1920-21; Roy E. Hutchison, 
1921-22; Geo. R. White, 1923-25; Zelma A. Huffman, 1925-26; 
Florence Brown, 1927-28; Lloyd Lee, 1936; Birdie Bensley, 
1941-43; Bernice Lawson, 1943-46; Nola Douglas, 1946-47; Irene 
Kingery, 1947-48. 


District *43 

Maple Grove was located west of the Beehive School one and 
one-half miles. School closed and went to Pioneer in 1949. Some 
teachers were: Miss Fulstone, 1900; Geo. Ewing, Alice Gross, 
1901; Zella Roberts, 1903; W. R. Birdzell, 1915; Walter Seidler, 
1917; Ruth E. Pinkard, 1918-20; Orville Young, 1920-21; Stella 
Carruthers, 1921-22; Orville Young, 1922-24; Thelma Farr of 
Neoga, 1925-26; Helen Huff, 1927-28; Orville Young, 1928-39; 
Louise Hodge, 1941; Rex Haskett, 1943-44; Doris Doehring, 

District ^U 

First 1 

Midway School, October 1, 1928 
. Wicki, Johnson, Don Miller 

. John 

Billy Perry, Mildred Gentry, Nelda Stone. Second row: Harold Gentry, Alice Mar- 
tin, Millard Goodwin, Frieda Wright, Howard Johnson, Eleanor Layton, Gladys 
Kimery, David Johnson, Josie Perry, Georg Miller. Third row: Reba Gentry, 

Wilburn Stone, Johnson, Carl Gordon - teacher, Viola Hall, George 

Kimery, Margaret Miller, Wilma Stone. 

Morton School - October 18, 1944 
Front row: Roy Croy, Paul Starwalt, Bob Starwalt, Carl Starwalt. Second row: 
Marjoric Cooley, Norma Ross, Roberta Starwalt, Norma Easter, Phyllis Blair, 
Marjorie Blair, Katie Starwalt, Elinor Croy. Third row: Eugene Croy, Herbert 
Ross, Jimmy Easter, Miss Bernice Lawson, teacher, and Jean Atkins. 

District *57 

Located four miles north and two miles east of Montrose. This 
school burned in 1928, but was soon rebuilt. After consolidation 
the building sold to John Haufman. Teachers' names available: 
Mr. Dillen Tolbert, 1860; Will Brewer, 1891; Hala Wells, 1899; 
Prof. Willan, 1900; Prof. Phillips, John McClellan, 1901. 

This summer the school gets a complete overhaul, new roof, 
paint, plaster and etc. 

Iva Gabel, Roy Baker, Harry Core, 1903; Art Schooley, 1906; 
Ben Willan, 1906-08; Miss Mona Russell, 1908; Myra Niccum, 
1911; Marion Walker, 1915-17; Marjorie Flood, 1919-22; A. B. 
Gephart, 1922-23; A. J. VanTassel, 1923-24; John McClellan, 


Mullen School ■ 1916 
Teacher, Marion Walker. First row holding sign • Albert Kingery, fourth from 
left, Verna (Gentry) Kingery, Second row between the two • John Kingery. 

1924-25; Virgil Tays, 1926-27; Virgil lays, new school, 1929; Min- 
nie Rude, 1936-39; Maude L. Brown, 1939-40; Edith Honn, 
1940-42; Esther Sidwell, 1942-44; Carrie Carson, 1944-45; Lula 
Browning, 1945-49. 

District *23 

Mumford School was located two miles east of the courthouse in 

In the early 1860s school was held in the "Old Distill House" 
with Mr. Dillen Tolbert as teacher. Jacob Green was one of the 
first pupils. This was located west of the last building down over 
the hill. 

The next teacher was Jeff Latta in 1869. In the spring of 1870, 
Mrs. Louisa (Tippett) Barger was teacher. School opened in the 
fall of 1870 on the Haddock farm with Miss Vira Tossey and the 
second term with Miss Millie Richardson. Summer, 1871, a 
modern building was built at the latest location. This land was 
owned by Mr. and Mrs. Ance Fogleman. The deed was made to 
District No. 23. Miss Louisa Tippett was teacher, G. E. Ranch 
taught in 1873, C. W. Freeman in 1879. 

In 1891, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson Dorr Mumford owned the land 
and deeded additional land to School *2 (changed from *23) and 
the building was enlarged. In 1901, Lizzie Edwards taught. In 
1903 was Bertha Grissom. 

In 1906, this building sold and a new modern building erected. 
In 1915, the name was changed to Mumford. 

After consolidation the site sold and at present, Vince Light has 
a home on the old school site. 

Other teachers with no dates are: Doc Hilton, Anslem Armer, 
Sidney Bakley, Nell Bloomfield, Marion Moore, Jack Lee, Nancy 
Bowman, John Hall, Herb Piper, John Hill, Doug Ryan, Billy Rue, 

Mumford School - Shelby Shepherd, Teacher, 1939-40. 

Albert Skidmore, Martha Long, Sadie Britton, Etta Gray, Mary 
Moore, Will Houser, Maggie Mumford, Herb Sperry, Fanny Han- 
cock, Flora Roberts, Mary Warner, Mary Heath, Angie (Holsap- 
ple) Norviel, Lizzie (Latta) Kincaid, Mrs. Elmer Gross, Ella Perry, 
Susan Trimble, W. L. Russell, Edward L. Myers, Mrs. Monnie 
Green, Ralph Perry, Mrs. Harry Huffman, Mrs. Frank Kingery, 
Mrs. Harold Lawyer, Oran Young, Edith Myers. 

Teachers we do have dates for are: A. C. Cowan, 1907; Anna 

Tracey, 1907-08; Reiter, W. S. Russell, 1908-09; Elsie 

Bowman, 1909-11; Annis Arends, 1911-12; Monnie Shull, 1912-13; 
Lena Myers, 1913-14; Ray Nichols, 1914-15; Grace B. Woodard, 
1915-16; Stacey Bowman, Vivian Poe, 1916-17; Grace Bowman, 
1917-18; Maude Pinkard, Mabel Shoots, 1918-20; Emma F. Simer- 
ly, Mabel Shoots, 1920-21; Lenora Freeman, 1921; Martha Titus, 
1921-22; Mary Shoot, 1922-23; Lloyd Lee, 1923-24; Bernice Moses, 
1924-26; Minnie Hedden, 1926-29; Shelby Shepherd, 1929-31; 
Dolita Janes, 1931-32; Euris Greeson, 1932-35; Shelby Shepherd, 
1935-37; Euris Greeson, 1937-38; Elsie Sherrick, 1938-39; Shelby 
Shepherd, 1939-41; Olive Wilson, 1941-42; Cora Hutton, 1942-44; 
Berniece Stierwalt, 1944-46; Vora Stierwalt, 1946-49; Louise 
Wheatley, 1949-50; Jean Winkler, 1950-51. 

Submitted by Berniece Stierwalt 


District *15 

Neal school today is located east of the Ryan Bridge and the 
Clear Creek Church in Union Township, sometimes referred to as 
Clear Creek. 

Neal District was formed about 1865, originally taking most of 
the Sconce Bend area. 

The first school was held in a log house in the northern part of 
the district. The location was later changed to near the Ryan 
Ford. This building was log with crude homemade furniture and a 
large fireplace in one end for heat. 

In a few years William Neal donated ground on the south side 
of the road about a mile east of the river, for a new school house. 
Elihu Stanberry built this frame building and furniture which was 
a great improvement. 

In about 1888, this building was moved back to be used for 
storage and etc. Clinton Schofield built a new frame building. It 
was equipped with modern furniture, heat and ventilation. 

In 1911, the same tornado which destroyed Clear Creek Church 
moved the school off its foundation and twisted it. The building 
was repaired. 

In 1915, it was classed as standard. It was located in a beautiful 
spot with plenty shade and a nice playground. This school stands 
today in 1992. Some teachers were: Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 
1891-92; G. A. Walling, Bertha Aldrich, W. H. Rodebaugh, 1900; 
Ada Holsapple, 1901; Grace Grantham, 0. A. Phipps, Clayton 
McMorris, 1903; C. W. McMorris, Ralph McMorris, 1906; Miss 
Myrtle Walters, 1907; Oral Carlen, 1908; Ross McMorris, 1910; 
Lawrence Conrad, 1911; R. C. Decker, 1915-16; Edith Myers, 
1917; Bertha Snodgrass, 1920-21; Guy Whicker, 1921-22; Hazel 
Edwards, Ernest Freeland, 1922-23; Edith (Nichols) Glenn, 
1923-24; James Walter Cougill, 1924-26; Hazel Edwards, 1928-30; 
Don Haddock, 1930-32; Minnie Hedden, 1932-33; Mack Dodds, 
1933-35; Ralph McCormick, 1935-40; Blanche Heath, 1940-42; 
Eleanor Cutright, 1943-44; Audrey Reed, 1948-52. 

District *69 

Oak Chapel is located over the river hill northwest of Greenup, 
south of Route 121. 

This frame building is being used as a dwelling today. Some of 


Oak Chapel School ■ 1938-39 
First row: Billy Bauguss, James Allen, Donald Allen, John Bland, Ralph Scales. 
Second row: Harve Sherwood, Rex Brandenburg, Don Sherwood, Eunice Carson - 
teacher, Vern Scales, Dean Brandenburg, Gene Brandenburg. 

the teachers who taught this school were: Miss Musetta Cooler, 
1900; Ollie Randolph, 1901; Cora Bean, 1903; Bessie Chapman, 
1904; Miss Goldie Quinn, 1907; Pearl Carpenter, 1908; Miss 
Sylvia Greeson, 1911; Chloe Sherrick, 1913; Mary Carr, 1915-16; 
Ella Jones, 1916-17; Blanche Strain, 1916-18; Mary Price, Dorothy 
Strain, 1919-21; Edith (Nichols) Glenn, 1922-23; David Shupe, 
1924-25; Blanche Nichols, 1925-26; Bernice Moses, 1926-28. 

A basement was built under the school this summer, 1936. 

Eunice Carson, 1935-41; Maudeline Huffman, 1941; Eunice 
Carson, 1943-45; Lenora Sperry, 1945-47; Mary Adams, 1947-48; 
Fred Tutewiler, 1948-49. 


Owens School is thought to have been Owings, nevertheless it 
was named after Zeptha Owens or Owings, who taught singing 
lessons around 1840 in this small log school, located one-half mile 
south of Janesville. 

The building burned and it was replaced with a frame building. 
This was later moved into Janesville to be used in their school 

District ^S 

In Cumberland County, a country school was located about 
every three miles in the forties. School consolidation were be- 
ginning to occur and twelve schools joined to build Pioneer 
School four miles east of Neoga on Route 121 in 1948. Buck 
Branch (one-half mile southeast of Pioneer), Silver Lake 
(southeast of Trilla), Bean (four miles west of Toledo), White Hall 
(at the seven mile curve). West Union, Maple Grove, Beehive (one 
mile north of Pioneer), Folley Grove (near Harold Icenogle's), Ap- 
person, Lambert (south of Neoga), Fairview (between Pioneer and 
Neoga, south of the blacktop), and Midway at Neal, Illinois, con- 
solidated and bought seven acres from Arthur Zike, father of 
Ruby Sparling. Members of the Board of Education were: Chester 
Brown, Richard Peters, W. L. Andrews, Chester Baker, Eddie 
Schroder, Chester Smith and Arthur Smith. 

The voters approved a 8110,000.00 Bond Issue for the purpose 
of building an eight room school. Six rooms were built with a full 
lower floor three and a half feet underground. The men of the 
community did much of the work. 

Over two hundred people gathered in the new building at the 
East Attendance Center of the School Unit for a covered dish din- 
ner and to conduct a regular monthly meeting of the Buck Branch 
Parent Teacher's Association. Glen Albin called the meeting to 
order and called for a vote on the name of the school. "Pioneer 
Attendance Center" was the chosen name submitted to the Board 
of Education and was later approved by the school board of the 
Neoga Community Unit District Number three, which was formed 
in 1948 and included Etna, Trowbridge, and Pioneer schools. 

Pioneer School 

The first day of school in Pioneer Attendance Center was 
January 20, 1949 with about 169 students enrolled in grades one 
through eight. Harold Mendenhall, the building principal, taught 
sixth and part of seventh grades. Doris Coen taught eighth and 
part of seventh, Edna McKinney taught fifth grade, Lue Whitacre 
taught fourth and part of third grade, and Mary White taught the 
first grade class. Albert Sparling was custodian and drove a bus. 
Marie Morgan and Kathryn Farris served 169 students the first 
hot lunch on February 14, 1949. The menu was hamburger gravy, 
mashed potatoes, green beans, peaches, bread and milk. 

The next fall Lyle Marshall taught a class, became principal. 
Florence Brown taught second grade and Ethyl Brown taught the 
third grade class. Pearl Connell taught first grade soon thereafter 
and Mabel Morgan taught first grade from 1959 for several years, 
then fourth grade until 1975. 

In 1968 the students at Pioneer joined with the students of 
Neoga and all kindergarten, third and fourth graders attended 
the Pioneer Attendance Center. 

This continued until 1975 when the third and fourth graders at- 
tended in Neoga and the first and second graders attended at 
Pioneer. The east half of the lower level was converted into two 
kindergarten classrooms in 1968 and are now a first grade 
classroom and the library for the building. Two kindergarten 
rooms on the lower level and a new office, nurse's room, and two 
special rooms on the upper level were built on in 1974. 

In 1989 the kindergarten classes became all-day sessions; 
therefore, they moved to the elementary building in Neoga where 
there could be four classrooms, and the third graders came once 
again to Pioneer for classes. 



Pioneer School Faculty - 1992 
Front row: Kay Starwalt, Connie Scott, Sharon Burgess, Marian Lindley, Kim 
Eubank, Melinda White, Carol Walk. Back row: John Lowey, Pat Sutherland, 
Diane Brick, Candy Tate, Judy Peters, Marilyn Rennels, Pam Johnson, Pam Sut- 
ton, Robert Schwindt. 

Teachers for the 1991-92 school term include: Judy Peters, 
Marian Lindley, and Diane Brick, first grade; Sharon Burgess, 
Pam Johnson, and Candy Tate, second grade; Pat Sutherland, 
Connie Scott, and Melinda White, third grade; Pat Sutton, 
Speech, Kim Eubank, Learning Resource, James Maroon, P.E., 
Joni McClure, Music and Marilyn Rennels, Chapter I Reading. 


Carol Walk is her aide, Christine Price, secretary, Donna Lacy 
and Ruth Deadmond, cooks, Kay Starwalt, librarian, and Robert 
McMuilen as the custodian. Robert Schwindt is the principal and 
John Lowey is the superintendent of the district. Attendance was 
just over 200 students in 1990, and remains near that number at 
the present time. 
Submitted by Kay Starwalt 


District *17 

Pleasant Grove was located one-half mile east of the Burma 
Road, first road north of Bradbury. 

This was a one-room frame building, and a coal house. A nice 
playground with lots of shade from Maple trees. In the 1910s and 
20s there was no playground equipment but plenty of room for a 
ball diamond. Other games were tag, shinny and blackman. In 
winter Fox and Goose or snow balling. 

The well provided plenty of water, drank from a tin cup, later 
equipped with a fountain for sanitary purposes. At this time they 
had few library books, atlas or maps. The room was furnished with 
a long recitation bench in front of the room. 

In 1917, single seats were bought and other modern fur- 
nishings, also a large coal furnace type stove for heat. 

Pleasant Grove School - 1929-30 
Front row: Dick Lee, Ralph Craig, Roger Clark, Marvin Lee. Second row: Ray- 
mond Seeley, Jane Titus, Evelyn Funkhouser, Clara Closson, Catherine Wilson, 
Evelyn Brady, Bessie Wilson, Sarah Funkhauser, Walter Hanley (?). Third row: 
Teacher, William Scott, William Beaumont, John Clark, Evelyn Barger, Evelyn 
Titus, Irma Spessard, Eleanor Swickard, Erma Titus, Max Lee, Harold Decker. 

Ralph Hill bought the building in 1950. It no longer stands. 

Some teachers were: Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 1896-1900; Donna 
Flannery, 1901; G. C. Duensing, Sam Thompson was janitor, 
1903; Miss Cleo Logan, Lola Barger, 1907; J. T. Simerly, 1908; Joe 
Heath, Anna Balch, ?; Jim King, Atlanta Matthews, ?; Irl Neal, 
1915; Maye Cutright, 1916-17; Don Carrell, 1917-18; Hollys 
(Rhodes) Cutts, ?; Iva Holsapple, 1920-23; Ralph Greeson, 
1923-25; Edward L. Myers, 1925-26; Vernon Shoot, 1926-28; Mary 
Shoot, 1929-30; Bill Scott, 1930; Bill Scott, 1935-40; Dolita Janes, 
1936; Berlin Glake, 1937-41; Vora Stierwalt, 1941-46; Bill Scott, 
1946-47; Minnie Bolin, 1947-48. 

District *9 

The first school was a log house located about one-fourth mile 
east of the Timothy store. 

The story was told long ago by an old resident of that district, 
that the old school location was in a grove of wild plum trees, so it 

was named Plum Grove. Later a frame building was constructed a 
quarter mile east, which is the present location. 

At the time of consolidation it was sold, students went to 
Greenup. It serves as a residence today. 

Teachers available: Mike Tipsword, Stella Michaels, 1898-1900; 
Bill Rodebaugh, George Lacey, 1901; Lois Williams, John Mc- 
Cracken, 1903; Abijah Neal, 1906; Bert Lacey, 1908; Miss Cora 
Jobe, Mrs. Eunice Carson, 1909; G. A. Woodburn, Mae Ward, 
1911; Elsie Bowman, Mae Speakman, 1911; Alice Titus, 1915; 
Virgil McCullough, 1916; Marion Underwood, 1916-17; Glo 
Neeley, 1917-18; Kathryn Bland, 1918-19; Frieda Kamper, 
1921-22; Helen Harrell Lemen, 1923-24; Glo Darling, 1924-25; 
Sylvia Gaines, 1925-26; Miss Daugherty, ?; Isa winnett, 1928-30; 
Ellen Cutright, Maye Cutright, ?; Evelyn Cutright, 1932-33; Mary 
Ann Reed, 1936; Bud Walters, Paul Carr, ?; Glo Darling, 1940-41; 
Mack Dodds, 1941-42; Donna Connor, 1943-44; Isa Winnett, 
1944-49; Fred Tutewiler, 1949-50; Thomas H. Craig, 1950-51; 
Phyllis Reed, 1951-52. 

Plum Grove - 1924 
Glo Darling, Teacher. First row: Faye Carlen, unknown, Edith Carr, Lois Win- 
nett, Dema Darling, Ilene Strong, George William Decker. Second row: John Win- 
nett, Franklin Brown, Ellen Kemper, Arietta Jobe, Phyllis Darling, Burnetta Jobe, 
Joe Cutright. Third row: Doreen Darling, Norris Darling, Kenneth Volk, Clint 
Winnett, Delmer Carver, Thomas Williams, Dale Carlen, Carl Kemper, Edna 
Cutright, Margaret McCollough, Margaret Wade. Fourth row: Thelma Darling, 
Annis Burson, Susie Winnett, Mildred Wade, Nona Decker, Doyle Decker, 
Margaret Williams, Nina Wade, Merle Carlen. 


District *75 

Prairie is located two miles east of Greenup on the York Road. 
The first building was brick, built about 1868 or 1869 with 
Michael Stockbarger and Silas Paul as directors. The District 
number was 2 at that time. This building was condemned and torn 
down about 1924. 

A nice new frame building was constructed with a fuel room, a 
cloak room and a library room. This, like other schools, had three 
terms. During the winter term several older boys attended after 
harvest and fall work was done. 

The school was a successful institution for learning until con- 
solidation. At this time the building was sold and moved to 
Greenup for a residence. Students went to Greenup school in 
1948. Teachers names available were: A. D. Weaver, N. Fancher, 
1861; Laura Holly, A. W. Rundle, 1862-63; John Soverns, A. W. 
Rundle, 1864; John Soverns, Eliza Conzet, 1865; N. Fancher, Ra- 
chael Wharton, 1866; W. H. Rissler, Julie Allenbaugh, 1867; C. W. 


Van Treese, Izura Ozier, 1868; John Hoover, Izura Ozier, 1869; 
Henry Griffy, 1870; Alice Strockbine, 1878; Clarinda Sedgwick, 
Ida James, 1879; Edwin Mattoon, H. Park, F. Northway, 1880; 
Elma Kelly, 1881; Lucy Waldrip, W. E. Stipp, 1882; Annie Fritts, 
W. H. Trent, 1883; Mark Wilson, Shannon Wilson, 1884; Emma 
Boone, Shannon Wilson, 1885; Emma Boone, G. D. Finney, 1886; 
Ollie Randolph, 1893; Pearl Black, ?; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 
1900-06; Miss Mayme Lynes, 1903-04; Willis Wright, 1906; Excell 

Thomas, 1908; Gamron, 1910; Elsie Sherrick, 1913-14; 

M. T. Williams, 1914-15; Cora Spesard, 1915-16; Sylvia Sedgwick, 
Cora Spesard, 1916-17; Emma Greeson, 1917; Delia McFadden, 
Mayme Bowers, 1917-18; Mamie O'Rourk, 1918-19; Elva 
Stockbarger, Isa Spesard, 1919-20; Elva Stockbarger, 1920-21; 
Fay Neeley, 1921-22 Feb.; Frieda Kemper, 1922 Feb.-Apr.; 
Logreeta Shuey, 1922-23; Reva Holsapple, 1923-25; Elva Carrell, 
1925-26; Lillie Roberts, ?; Roy Hutchison, 1927-28; Gladys M. 
Davis, 1929-30; Fred Tutewiler, 1930-32; Esther Sidwell, 1932-35; 
Lester Ward, 1935-36; Paul Carr, 1936-39; Esther (Sidwell) 
Rickard, 1939-43; Dorothy (Sidwell) Worden, 1943-44; Eunice 
Walters, 1944-49; Brushy Ridge went to Prairie, 1948-49. 

Prairie School ■ 1897 
First row: Frank Hayden, Ernest Sedgwick, Alice Lind, Johnny Conkle, Earnie 
Sharchet, Dovie Caylor, Grover Boots. Second row: Hiram Troxil. Elza Hayden, 
Roy Williams, Chester Sedgwick, Bill Stewart, Maude Murray, Lebert Morrison. 
Third row: Ed Hayden, Parker Sedgwick, Myrtle Hayden, Pearl Light, Clarence 
Morrison, Grace McFarling, Bessie Lind, Jenny Lind, Harry Lind. Fourth row: 
Ollie Randolph, teacher, Mona Butler, Ethel Morrison, Lidia Ann (Stewart) Duvall. 

District *78 

Rader was formerly *7 located about seven miles south of 
Casey, north of the old filling station, which is east of Hazel Dell 
on the curve. 

Rader was small but easy to heat with a pot-belly stove in the 
middle of the room. The school ground was small with a maple 
tree for shade, coal house and a good well for drinking water. 

Attendance in 1925 was about 23. School closed and the 
children went into Hazel Dell. The building and site were sold for 
a residence in 1948. 

Teachers were: Silas M. Kelly, Eliza Sanford, 1861; W. H. 
Leigh, 1862; S. M. Black, 0. B. Knowlton, 1863; Eliza Sanford, 
Mary Arnold, 1864; M. E. Stephens, 1865; Jas. K. Knowlton, 1866; 
1. W. Allenbaugh, J. B. Quinn, 1867; Georgia Devall, L. E. Rice, 
1868; Jas. Sansberry, 1870; Ida James, 1878; Lou S. Meeker, 1879; 
C. M. Carruthers, S. S. Meeker, 1880; Lora Short, Alice Copeland, 
1881; C. C. Copeland, Alice Copeland, 1882; Josie Higgins, 

Rader School, Teacher, Dale Lacey, 1925-1927. 

1883-84; Adeline Losier, Addie Copeland, 1885; Addie Copeland, 
1886; Uda Kelly, 1887; Edna Kelly, 1888; Ora Card, 1903; Miss 
Ruth Kelly, 1911; Nora Stark, ?; Viva Kelly, 1913-14; Lillian 
Green, 1914-15; Alonzo Phillips, Irene Morgan, 1915-16; Lagreeta 
Gabel, 1917-18; L. M. Barger, Frieda Dillier, 1920-21; Julian 
House, 1921-22; Eunice Comer, 1922-23; Eliza Partlow, 1923-24; 
Mary Hubbart, 1924-25; Dale Lacey, 1925-27; Lillie Roberts, 1936; 
no school in session, 1941. 


District ^62 

Radley School was located southwest of Toledo or north of 

This school closed in 1949 and sold to Lester Huff in 1950. It 
was then moved to the Kenneth Flood farm one-half mile east, to 
be used for farm storage. It later burned. 

Teachers available: Mr. Pugh, McClen, 1900; Miss 

Agnes Connor, Morton Brewer, 1901; Miss Erie White, Mr. 
Gilpin, 1903; Wm. Pinkard, 1907-08; Robert Pinkard, 1907-08; W. 
L. Russell, 1911; Joe Carrell, Morey Starwalt, ?; Thurman Wallisa, 
1915; Wm. E. Hill, Ola M. Padrick, 1916-17; John Huffman, Min- 
nie Evans Bolin, 1917-18; Orpha White, Marjorie Flood, 1918-19; 
Erma Robertson, 1919-20; Frank Tate, 1920-21; Lora (Starwalt) 
Callahan, 1921-22; Emma F. Simerly, 1922-23; Minnie Callahan, 

Radley School - 1948-49 
First row: Phyllis McMahan, standing, Farrell Smith, Jesse Starwalt, Freddie 
Blazedale, Larry Shafer/dog, Leon Ray, Eugene Starwalt, Donald Byrnes. Second 
row: Louise Wilson, Beverly Shaffer, Pat Wilson, Beverly Tinsman, Evelyn 
Decker, Pauline Hall/Marion Wilson in front of her, Vivian Starwalt, Jeanette or 
Claudette Starwalt, Carol Smith, Sheryl Smith, Shirley Wilson. Third row: Rose 
Wilson, Jean Tinsman, Mildred Tinsman, Beverly Eggers, Irma Knupp-teacher, 
Kenneth Flood, Charles Ray, Betty Hall, Alberta Ray. 


Erma J. Robertson, 1923-24; Ivan VanTassel, 1924-26; Vora Stier- 
wait, 1926-28; Velma Smith, 1928-29; R. A. Perrott, 1929-30; 
Gladys Stirewalt, 1930-33; Thurman Wallisa, 1933-34; R. A. Per- 
rott, 1934-35; John Huffman, 1935-38; Vora Stierwalt, 1938-39; 
Joseph Carrell, 1939-40; Maxine Oakley, 1940-43; Clema Stier- 
walt, 1943-44; Merle McCash, 1944-45; Mary P. Adams, ?; Mrs. 
Blaisdell, 1947-48; Irma Knupp, 1948-49. 
In 1950 children went to Woodbury School. 


District *10 

The Reed School is located two miles north of the Oak Grove 
Lodge or Pleasant Valley Church east of Greenup on Route 40. 

The first Reed School was a log cabin. Later a frame building 
was erected. The building and site were sold in 1956. Students 
went to Casey to school at the closing of the school. 

Reed School, 1921, Fay Neeley, teacher. 

Teachers names available are: J. W. Lacy, 1901; George Lacey, 
Gertrude Delp, 1903-04; Hattie Reed, 1906-07; Ralph Cook, 
1907-08; Pearl Carpenter, 1908-09; Hattie Reed, George Lacey, 
1909-10; Pearl Carpenter, Harvey Edwards, 1910-11; Laurell 
Scranton, 1915-16; Walter Cougill, 1916-17; Mary Ann Reed, 
1917-18; Grace Bowman, 1918-19; Mary Ann Reed, 1920-21; Fay 
Neeley, Glo Neeley, 1921-22; Joel Kemper, 1922-23; Audrey Reed, 
1923-25; Forrest Fisher, Forrest Arnold, 1925-27; Mary Ann Reed, 
1927-29; Carr Kemper, 1930-31; Ellen Decker, 1931-32; Donald 
Kirk, 1936; Sophia L. Wright, 1941; Esther Ault, 1943-46; Eleanor 
Outright, 1946-48; Fred Tutewiler, 1948-49. 

District *13 

Ruffner was located four miles east of Greenup on south side of 
Route 40, across from the former Oak Grove Lodge. 

This was a brick building, has been gone for years. Vic Ormsby 
has a home on the site today. 

Teachers were: Wm. Outright, 1868-69; W. H. Rissler, 1869; 
Thomas Murray, 1900; J. A. Phillips, 1901; Nora Stark, ?; S. A. 
Beadle, 1903; Marion Underwood, 1915; Mack Dodds, Kathryn 
Bland, 1917-18; Lawrence Phillippi, 1918-19; Glo Neeley, 1919-20; 
Fred Tutewiler, 1925-30; Isa Winnett, 1936; Mary Ann Reed, 
1941-47; Erma Jean Fitch, 1947-48. 

Ruffner School ■ January 27, 1909 
First row: Forrest Delp, Lester Stump, Harold Stump, Joe Tutewiler, Grace 
Miller, Mildred Neeley, Letha Neeley, Lilly Ruffner, Lois Stump, Sanford Miller. 
Second row: Clabe Stump, Glen Bond, Orrell Ruffner, Edgar Bidwell w/cap, Olive 
Neeley. Third row: Merle Stump, Curtis Bidwell w/hat, Mae Ormsby teacher, Bill 
Brussell w/hat, Zula Durham. 


District *71 
See pages 131-145 of the 1968 Cumberland County History 
Book for history. Teachers available were: Mr. Shiels, 1874; Sadie 
C. Long, 1890-91; W. R. Stateler, 1892; Mary E. Moses, 1894; 
Harry L. Welker, D. A. Ryan, 1896; Bertha Aldrich, Donna Flan- 
nery, 1899; Ivy Gabel, 1900; Lewis Markwell, 1901; 0. R. Bowman, 
1908; Mamie Lyons, John Castello, 1910; Elsie Fogleman, 1911; 
W. L. Shepherd, 1912-13; W. L. Russell, 1915; Ray Nichols, 1917; 
Edyth Myers, 1918-19; Violet Mounts, 1919-20; Grace Bowman, 
1920-21; Lenora Freeman, ?; Elva Carrell, 1923-25; Lillie Roberts, 
1925-26; Dale Kirk, Lillie Roberts, 1936; Gladys Payne, 1941; 
Lillie Roberts, 1943-45; Emily Shiels, 1945-48; Glo Darling 
(Wetherholt came to Scotch Chapel), 1948-49; Edith Smith, 

-^ m f.% 

Scotch Chapel School - 1917 
First row: David Dooley, Ray Hull, Homer Spesard, Ruth Ward, Neva Brown, 
Lala Brown, Helen Brown, John Ozier, Wayne Dooley, Myrna Ware, Ardith Ware. 
Second row: Beulah Ware, Bertha Ward, Ruth Ray, Roy Nees, OHn Dooley, Belva 
Gabel, Raymond Brown, Vernon Ozier, Charles Ware. Third row: Teacher, Ray 
Nichols, Walter Graham, Lowell Ward, Harold Gabel, Aleen Ware, Ferd Brown, 
Rufus Ware, Harry Vaultonburg, Emil Brown, Leo Nees. Fourth row: Hugh Dar- 
ling, Edith Nees, Clarence Ward, Marie Gabel, Lawrence Gabel, Sylvia Nees, 
Gladys Myers, Iva Ward. 

EHstrict *73 
This school was located southwest of Liberty Hill one and one- 
half mile. This school was in District 8 of Greenup Township dur- 
ing the 1800s. This accounts for its other name. 

This building and site sold in 1950. Children went to Hickory 
for the 1948-49 year, then to Greenup. 


Shull School - 1914 
First row: Unknown, Carl Shull, rest of row unknown. Second row: all unknown. 
Third row: Dorothy Shull, Zelma Wood, Euris Greeson, Irene Shull, rest of row 
unknown. Fourth row: Isadore Shepherd, unknown, unknown, Laverl Shepherd, 
Shelby Shull, Verlie Wood, Delbert Johnson, Harry Wood, Noble Spesard, 
Spesard, Spesard. 

Teachers names available were: Mr. Bailey, 1891; Ivy Gabel, 
1901; Ivy Gabel, 1906-07; William Lindsay Shepherd, 1907-10; 
Euris Greeson, 1910-16; Eva (Wellbaum) Kuhn, 1916-17; Edith 
(Nees) Timmons, 1918-20; Irene Shull, 1920-21; Lorene Neeley, 
1922-24; Sylvia (Shull) Markwell, ?; Dorothy (Shull) Ewart, 1925; 
Paul Carr, 1928-30; Dorothy Sidwell, ?; Lena Sherrick, 1935-36; 
Hollis Wright, 1936-37; Fred Tutewiler, 1941-45; Lois James, 
1945-46; Fred Tutewiler, 1946-49; Shull went to Hickory with 
Edith Smith as teacher, 1948-49. 

District *28 

Silver Lake was located one mile south of Trilla. Students went 
to Pioneer in 1949. Some teachers were: Alice Bean, 1874; Jacob 
Marion Johnston, 1876-77; Jacob Marion Johnston, 1880-81; 
Grace Grantham, 1901; Ruth Needham, James Dunn, ?; James 
Anderson, T. G. McAllister, 1903; Nell Brown, ?; Marie Young, 
Ralph Weber, ?; Orville Young, 1915-17; Marie Buchanan, 
1917-18; Beulah Hopper, Mabel Russell, 1919-20; Merrill Haskett, 
1920-23; Mae Lindley Reals, 1923-25; Jessie Flora Jones, 1925-26; 
Sylvia Starwalt Jenkins, 1930-31; Mrs. Blanche Coverstone, 1936; 
Maurice Wilson, 1941; Cecelia Hackley, 1943-44; Marie B. Young, 
1944-45; Ida Boruff, 1945-48; Doris Coen, 1948-49. 

District *19 

Silver Leaf is located two miles east of the courthouse in Toledo 
and two miles north. 

The school was moved from its first location in order to find a 
good water well. This building was sold to Arthur Hedden in 1950. 
Students went to Toledo. 

Teachers were: Elva Stockbarger, 1913; George Neal, 1914; 
Bertha Brewer, Vernon Shoot, 1916-17; Edith Vernon, Beulah 
Hopper, 1917-18; Opal Tinsman, 1918-20; Mabel Shoots, 1920-21; 
Mary Shoot, 1921-22; Mary E. Reed, 1922-23; J. S. Sutherland, 
1923-24; Martha Titus, 1924-25; Lenora Sperry, 1925-26; Lloyd 
Lee, 1926-28; Luke Tippett, Martha Kanitz, ?; Opal Titus, Leo 
Shoot, ?; Mabel Shoot, 1930-31; Joe Carrell, 1935-37; Dale Kirk, 
1939-41; LaVera Coleman, 1941-43; George Hutton, 1943-45; 
Clema Stierwalt, Jr., 1945-46; Erma Jean Fitch, 1946-47; Doris 
Carrell, 1947-48. 

District *55 

Springpoint was a brick one-room school built in 1886. The 
township building was built this same year. The school was 
located four miles east and one mile south of Sigel. 

Springpoint was torn down about 1985. Keith Deters built a 
home here. 

Everett Fearday says he went eight years to this school. During 
this time he spent two years as janitor. He swept, carried in the 
wood, coal and water, also built the fire for \0t a day. At this time 
there were 15-20 students in his class. Directors were William 
Fearday, Martin Dohnhe, McClellan Kingery at this time. 

Apparently Dubrock was the forerunner of Springpoint. There 
were residents by this name around 1860-70. 

Teachers known at this school were: Durbrock *55: Miss Ethel 
Brewer, 1900; Jennie Scott, 1901; Art Schooley, 1905; A. C. Gor- 
don, 1906-07; Springpoint: Marion Walker, 1907-08; Beulah 
Capps, 1908-09; Fred Fellows, 1909-10; Mercy Hand, Nettie Kline, 
1910-11; Ethel Tolch, 1911-12; Nettie Kline, 1912-13; Thurman 
Wallisa, 1913-14; Emma Meyer, 1915-16; Gertie Kingery, 1916-17; 
Ruth E. Pinkard, 1917-18; Elizabeth Pennington, Minnie Heath, 
1918-19; Blanche Tanner, 1919-20; Mary Carter, 1920-21; Merl 
Hilton, 1921-22; Edith Boggs, 1922-23; Gladys Pearl Kingery, 
1923-24; Ora Mathilda Bigler, 1924-25; Minnie E. Bolin, 1925-26; 
Florence Brown, 1928-29; Ethel Brown, Olive Bolin, ?; Eunice 
Tharp, Philomena Greule, ?; Marion Walker, 1936; Mrs. Rose 
Will, 1941; E. H. Duever, 1943-45. 

District *18 

Stitt was formerly known as No. 9, located one-fourth mile 
north of the County Farm. In 1899, a group of people organized 
Connett Chapel Church and used this school for their meetings. 

The building sold in 1953 to Rosa Stitt. Teachers names 
available are: Becky Grisamore at No. 9, 1896-97; L. R. Atkins, 

Silver Leaf School 

First row: Lloyd Light, Luke Tippett, Raymond Shoot, Halsey Judson, Dorothy 
Bidle, Carl Light, Eunice Bidle, Rosamond Bidle. 

Second row: Vernon Shoot, Otis Titus, Joe Titus, Clara Bidle, Edith Vernon, 
Teacher, Mary Shoot, Myra Frisbie, Safrona Bidle. 

Stitt School ■ 194546 - Joe Carrell, Teacher 
Front row: Lowell Stewart, Alan Arthur. Keith Stierwalt, Evelyn Sue Padrick, 

Mary Stitt, Walden, Walden, Carl Shoot. Back row: Jim 

Shoot, Joann Stewart, Marilyn Brewster. Tom Stitt, Richard Shoot. 


1901; Miss Minnie Martin, Wm. Pugh, 1903; Lizzie Edwards, 
1903-04; Luke McCandlish, 1904-05; E. Stewart, Charles Hill, 
1905-06; Sadie Hill, 1906-07; C. 0. Young, 1907-11; Edith B. Ver- 
non, 1911-12; Edward Myers, Dolly Hurst, 1912-13; Chloe Ward, 
1913-14; Gladys Stitt, 1914-15; Garvey Letner, 1915-16; Ralph 
Greeson, 1916-17; Leora Stitt, 1917-21; W. R. Birdzell, 1921-22; 
Martha Titus, 1922-23; Edith Boggs, 1923-26; Eva Lacey, 1930-33; 
Eugene White, 1933-35; Leo Shoot, 1935-45; Joseph Carrell, 
1945-46; Clema Stierwalt, 1946-48. 


District *1 

Tadpole is located in the northeast part of Union Township. At 
the closing in 1948, the students went to Casey. The building sold 
in 1956. Teachers available: Sumner Bowman, 1896; Bert Lacey, 
1901; Laura Cooter, 1903; Bert Miller, 1911; Mary Miller, 1915-16; 
Hazel Ewing, 1916-17; Minor Kingery, 1917-18; Mack Dodds, 
Miss Teachner, ?;Florence Gillespie, 1920-21; Kathryn (Bland) 
Brandenburg, 1921-22; Grace (Davis) Hutton, 1922-23; Clinton 
Green, 1923-25; Vernon Shoot, 1925-26; David Shupe, 1926-30; 
Bess Yanaway, Evelyn Hillard, ?; Leland Yanaway, 1941; Rober- 
tine Keller, 1943-45; Mary Henderson, 1945-46; Esther Rickard, 
1946-47; Mrs. Chas. Coartney, Mary Ann Reed, 1947-48; Audrey 
Reed, 1948-49; Mary Henderson, 1951-52; Birdie Bensley, 

District #20 

Titus School was located north of Greenup and west at the Hur- 
ricane bridge. Upon consolidation, students went to Greenup and 
sold the building and site to W. E. Catey in 1950. A partial list of 
teachers: Myrtle Williams, 1900; Luke McCandlish, Willis Wright, 
1901; Charlie Carrell, George Woodburn, 1903; Cora Denney, 
1910-11; Alice Titus, Nellie (Titus) Wood, 1911-12; Scott 
Sutherland, 1912-13; A. M. Closson, 1915-16; Marion Underwood, 
1916-17; Sylvia Darling, 1917-18; Ruth Darling, 1918-19; Sylvia 
(Darling) Gaines, 1919-20; Hazel M. Edwards, 1920-21; Minnie 
Salzman, 1921-22; Marie Roberts, 1922-23; Isa Winnett, 1923-24; 
Lorene Neeley, 1924-25; Dorothy Rhodes, 1925-26; Don Haddock, 
1929-30; Paul Carr, 1930-31; Blanche Heath, 1932-34; Olive 
Thompson, 1934-36; Ruth Catey, 1936-39; Edith Smith, 1939-44; 
Isa Winnett, 1948-49. 

Plum Grove and Titus were together at this time. 

Titus School ■ May 11, 1911 
First row; Ethel Coleman, Iva Humphrey, John Inskeep, Ivan Cougill, Wm. 
Stewart, Florence Butler. Second row: Lester Cougill, Glen Cougill, Edith Henson, 
Lillian Stewart. Third row: Nellie Wood, Teacher, Roy C. Stewart, Alice Cougill, 
Elcie Humphrey, Roy B. Stewart, Maggie Williams, Belvie Hensen. 


The village of Trilla was in the Anderson School District and 
the schoolhouse stood three-quarters of a mile north and nearly a 
mile east of the village on the east side of the road just north of 
Harry Reals' farm. The children walked up the railroad to school, 
quite a large number, from five years old to 20 years. 

Soon several houses were being built in town, and, as most of 
the pupils lived in town, it was decided to move the school to town. 
So, in 1886, the school board purchased three lots in the new 
Fickes Addition and the building was moved to the spot where it 
stood for many years. Minnie Buchanan, Mrs. Mike Ozee, James 
Walker, Francis Johnson and Sig Beals were some of the earliest 

Trilla School, 1953-54 - Bottom row: Linda Kelley, Sandra Hurst, Delia Mae 
Redfern, Bill Morgan, Billy Lee, Robert Smith and Pat Elson. 

Second row: Mike Heath, Steve Sharp, Elinor Ruth Dees, Susie Post, Frank 
Beals, Fred Beals, Ray Smith, Cheryl Randolph, Carolyn Nichols and Jim Wright. 

Third row: Linda Hurst, Nancy Sharp, Buddy Post, Lotus Morgan, Eddie Dole, 
Bill Hendren, Jimmee Jean Sullender, Velma Kelley and Ralph Ingram. 

Fourth row: Wanda Landrus, Rebecca Heath, Gary Ingram and Wayne Smith. 

Back row: Mrs. Blanche Coverstone, Juanita Janes, Dollena Thompson, Sue 
Beals, Judy Thompson, David Morgan, Jim Smith and Mr. Joseph Carrell. 

District *32 

Union was located three miles northwest of Toledo. The 
building was sold to W. A. Carr in 1950. Teachers as I have found 
them: Francis Marion Johnson, 1874-75; Francis Marion Johnson, 
1879-80; Wm. Lindsay Shepherd, 1895-97; Mrs. L. Simerly, Justin 
Brewer, 1901; Bertha St. John, Oscar Pugh, 1903; 0. M. Pugh, 
1911; John D. Hill, ?; Carl Gordon, 1915; Chester Peters, 1917; 
Ophelia Jones, 1918-20; Dorothy Ingram, 1920-21; Jennie Gam- 
mill, 1921-22; Lois E. Haga, 1922-23; Minnie Salzman, 1923-24; 
Ruth Janes, 1925; Luke Tippett, 1931-32; Maxine Oakley, 1936; 
Hollys Cutts, 1941; Lloyd Lee, 1945-46; Dorothy Gallgher, 
1946-47; Harold Mendenhall, 1947-48; Harry Hall, 1948-49. 

Boys at Union School - About 1944 
Bennie Sowers, Gerald Dalrymple, Lee Shaw, Jim Sowers, Victor Stewart, 
Harold Dalrymple and Jack Shepard. 


District *12 

The first red brick two-room school sat just east of the church, 
north side of the railroad, six miles east of Greenup. This building 
was condemned in 1918 by the State. 

At this time school was moved into a vacant store building, due 
to no tax money for rebuilding. This lasted two years. Finally a 
new building was built which was a modern one-room school. It 
burned in the 1930s and was replaced once more in the same loca- 

Vevay School - 1935-36 
First row: Pauline Philippi, Dale Robey, Donald Arney. Leona Fletcher, Loistel 
Delp, Marie Johnson, Thelma Weir, Bobby Fletcher, Ruth Johnson. Second row: 
Billy Arney, Max Fletcher, Paul Philippi, Leonard Robey, Charles Weir, Jimmy 
Fletcher. Third row; Paul Weir, Dale Lacey, teacher. 

School closed about 1948, the building was sold to Everett 
Short. He operated a grocery store in it for years. It is presently 
used as a dwelling. Some teachers were: A. C. Beamer, Ella Payne, 
1893; A. A. Grubbs, 1896; A. A. Grubbs, Mayme Murray, 1897-98; 
Lois Williams, J. W. McCracken, 1900-01; Mona E. Miller, 1903; 
Alice Stifal, 1906; Lulu Cox, 1911; Mack Dodds, 1915; George 
Lacey, 1916-17; Tressie Gagen, 1917-20; George Lacey, 1920-22; 
Cora Campbell, 1922-23; Rupert Barklev, 1923-25; Mrs. Connor, 
1927; Birdie Bensley, 1929-30; Dale Lacey, 1934-37; Dorothy 
Sidwell, 1941-42; Florence Stading, 1942-45; Carrie Carson, 
1945-46; Elsie Sherrick, 1946-48. 


District *80 

The first school house was originally known as No. 5, erected in 
Greenup Township on the southeast corner of property later 
owned by Frank Thomas in Greenup Township. There is no exact 
date it was built. It is thought to be about 1843. 

In the year 1861, Molly Ruffner taught the school for three 
months at $10 per month. 53 pupils attended. 

In 1876, it was found that the district did not have a deed for 
the property where the school stood. Mr. Al Dorsey, owner of the 
land requested the school be moved. It was moved east across the 
road in Crooked Creek Township. This was a log building. 

The first record of directors was in 1869, John Allen, Allen 
Paul, and F. M. Allen. Some early teachers were Molly Ruffner, H. 
C. Black, Jane Parr, and Mary Pearce. 

On May 12, 1883, an election was held to choose a site for a new 
school house. The present one was chosen being one-half mile 
south of the former site in Crooked Creek Township. In 
November, 1883, Phillip Floyd was contracted to build a new 
school for $575. It was completed by December 29. New furniture 
was bought also. 

In March, 1884, school started in this building with Sadie 
Copeland as teacher for $25 a month. W. T. Paul, Charley Allen 
and John Wade were directors. In June, the first blackboards were 

In 1903 the District number was changed from 5 to 80. In 1904 
new seats and equipment were purchased. 

During the 1920s and '30s, directors were Ranee Packer, Frank 
Thomas and Frank Tharp. In 1931 Frank Tharp was hired to dig 
a new well, the old one was filled. In 1932 a coal house and garage 
were built. In 1936 more playground was bought and shade trees 
set out. 

Wade School • 1933 
First row: Betty Sturts, Dorothy Roan, Danny Tharp, Bill Roan, Dale Tharp, 
Jesse Tharp, Oscar Paul, Kenneth Roan. Second row: Olive Edwards, Virginia 
(Tharp) Quinter, John Stout, Marion Paul, Ernest Stout, Harry Mortim Sturts, 
Kenneth Sturts, Ralph Fitch, Teacher. Third row: Charles Packer, .Mary Paul, Glen 
Stout, Lucille (Thomas) Carr. Charles Carr, Logretta Packer, Margaret Sturts, 
Clarence Edwards. 

In 1940 Eunice Walters was the teacher and the first PTA was 
organized with Grace Tharp as president. In 1943 electricity was 
installed. The garage was remodeled for a lunch room and Edna 
Graham was hired for cook. 

Compiled by Grace Tharp and Eunice Walters, 1940-43 with 
some additions by Martha Nees, 1992. 

Teachers for the Wade School: William Lindsay Shepherd, 
1885-86; Relly Wade, 1901; Miss Cora Bean, 1903; Nellie Wood, 
1909; Nora Stark, 1912-13; Relly Wade, Roy Nichols, 1913-14; 
Monnie Shull, 1914-16; Ethel Underwood, 1916-17; Ethel Krouse, 
Blanche Drew, 1917-18; Inez Gray, Lagreeta Gabel, 1918-19; Irene 
Ray, Lagreeta Gabel, 1919-29;' Iw Perkins, W. G. Wright, 
1920-21; Willis Wright, 1921-22; James Paden, 1922-23; Ray 
Nichols, 1923-24; Joe Greeson, Jr., 1924-25; Edith (Nichols) Glenn, 
1925-26; Fay Bower, Ivan VanTassel, 1926-27; Ralph Fitch, 
1927-28; James L. Paden, 1929-30; Hollis Wright, 1930-31; Ralph 
Fitch, 1932-33; Sylvia (Shull) Markwell, ?; James Paden, 1935-37; 
Eunice Walters, 1937-39; Paul Carr, 1939-40; Eunice Walters, 
1940-43; Elsie Sherrick, 1943-44; Lucille Willan, 1944-45; 
Florence Stading, 1945-49; West Union and Wade were together, 


District *49 

Walk School was located two miles south of Neoga. Martin 
Walk, Sr., grandfather of Victor Walk, gave the land for this 
school, therefore it was named Walk. 

Upon closing students went to Neoga. The building was located 
on the Victor Walk farm, and has been torn down now. 


A portion of teachers who taught: George Ewing, 1900; Verna 
Good, 1901; Miss Isa Bassett, 1908; Mrs. Hands, 1910; Mrs. 
Blanche Buchanan, ?; Verona Kline, Mrs. Don Swengel - Music, 
1915; Edythe Peters, 1916-17; Agnes Huff, 1918-20; Dollie Steger, 
1920-21; Margaret Roy, 1921-22; Dorothy Moran, 1922-23; Mary 
Edna Farr, 1923-24; Grace Fearday, 1925-26; Elizabeth Checkley, 
?; Mrs. Rose Botkin, 1936; Ethel A. Brown, 1941; Ellen Roy, 
1943-44; Helen Bridges, 1944-46; Minnie Farr, 1946-47. 


District *77 

The first school was a wooden frame house one-half mile west of 
the present building known as District *1. 

Later it was replaced by a two-story brick building located 
about two and one-half miles east of Greenup on the York Road. 
The second story was used for years, finally was only used for the 
older students who repeated the eighth grade. This was common 
in that day. 

In 1917, the second story was removed leaving a nice building 
with several windows, two large cloak rooms, a large porch on the 
south and a large bell in the belfry. 

Students went to Hazel Dell when this school was closed. It is 
now being used as a dwelling. Teachers: Joseph Kellogg, Samuel 
Young, Gideon Sedgwick, Louisa Nettleton, 1861; Thos. Kelly, 
Jno. Welker, Mary Arnold, John Pearce, 1862; Mary Young, 
Adelaide Barbour, 1863; John Ferrill, Maggie Wagoner, 1864; 
David Rothrock, Adelia Marring, 1865; Louisa Nettleton, J. B. 
Quinn, 1866; Samuel A. Allenbaugh, 1867; T. C. Kille, 1868; 
Henry Griffy, 1870; Emily Kelly, M. Allenbaugh, 1876; F. M. 
Lathrop, 1878; Hugh Kelly, R. F. Ruffner, 1879; Will Gard, Jacob 
Gard, 1880; Lola Young, N. A. Harvey, 1881; Rosa Gard, S. F. 
Gordon, 1882; Ben Packer, 1883; Annie Foster, Elma Kelly, Belle 
Monford, 1884; Ella Kelly, Lola Young, 1885; C. Meeker, Lola 
Young, 1886; Fred Voyles, 1898; Julie Allenbaugh, George Wood- 
burn, G. W. Lawrence, 1900; Jennie Shoemaker, Willard 
Lawrence, 1901; Bert Lacey, 1903; Jake Phillips, 1909; Susan Fer- 
ris, ?; J. A. Phillips, 1913-14; Sylvester Perisho, Zula Durham, 
1914-15; Frank Sewell, Blanche Reed, 1915-16; Victor Gabel, 
1916-17; George Lacey, Pearl Groves, 1917-18; George Lacey, 
Blanche Reed, 1918-19; George Lacey, 1919-20; L. M. Barger, E. 
E. Mills, 1920-21; E. E. Mills, 1921-22; E. E. Mills, Rupert 
Barkley, 1922-23; Fred Tutewiler, 1923-25; Pearl Brown, 1925-26; 
Forrest Arnold, 1928-31; Rupert Barkley, 1931-32; Joel Kemper, 
Carr Kemper, ?; Iva Miller, Bert Miller, ?; Anna Tracey, Ernest 
Foraker, ?; Ardie Groves, ?; Thelma Collins, 1936; Dale Lacey, 
1941-45; Ruth Laymon, Rosemary, Doris Williams, 1945-46; Ber- 
nice Lawson, 1946-48. 

Washington School ■ 1991 

District *64 

Water Oak was located northwest of Jewett on the present 
Roscoe Barnes farm in the woods, only a well left. 

The children enjoyed sliding down the big hill behind the 
school, so it was nicknamed "Slideoff '. 

Water Oak "Slideoff School. 

The school burned in December 1900, with Charles Good as 
teacher. John Bickle let the contract to rebuild and it was in ses- 
sion by April, 1901, with MoUie Jones as teacher. 

Other teachers were: Miss Bertha Grissom, 1901-02; Lizzie Ed- 
wards, 1902-03; Miss Elsie Wade, Walter Nash, 1906; Lillie 
Spesard, 1907; Miss Maye Maxwell, 1907-08; Nellie Wood, 
1908-09; Carrie Greeson, Sylvia Greeson, 1909-11; Dorsie Good- 
win, 1914-15; Inez Whitacre, 1915-16; Maude Ray, 1916-17; Minnie 
(Evans) Bolin, 1917-18; Mary Shoot, 1919-20; Lou Gray, ?; Minnie 
Bolin, Jennie Gammill, 1921-22; Marie Barger, 1922-23. 

No teacher listed in 1925, school was probably closed. 


EHstrict *25 

Webster is located two miles south of the Lincoln Log Cabin 
State Park, formerly called No. 10 School. The first school was a 
log building. 

A family named Webster lived nearby so we assume it was 
named after them. 

Ralph Closson bought the school at closing. It is being used as a 
residence at this time. 

Teachers known are: W. L. Shepherd, 1890-91; Becky 
Grisamore, Mr. Phipps, 1900-01; John Whitacre, C. 0. Young, 
1903; Clarence Harwood, Edna Prather, 1906; Miss Maude Hill, 
1907; Alburn Rhodes, 1908; Belvia Hill, Miss Stitt, Stanley 
Glosser, 1911; Belvia Hill, Elsie Bowman, 1915; W. H. Seeley, 
1915-18; E. A. Carrell, Opal Ryan, 1918-20; Otto Ballinger, 
1923-24; Claude Butler, 1924-25; Mildred Phipps, 1925-28; Luke 
Tippett, 1928-29; Ralph McCormick, 1929-32; Hollys Rhodes, 
1932-35; Blanche Heath, 1935-39; Merlene Crail, 1935-42; Ralph 
McCormick, 1942-43; Mrs. Fern Hill, 1943-45; Lucy Bartlett, 
1945-47; Ruth Litchenwalter, 1947-48. 

District H8 

This West Union School is located southeast of Neoga on the 
Center Line Road, three miles east of the Shelby County line. 
Students went to Pioneer in 1949. Some of their teachers were: 

Reynolds, 1901; Faustia Birch, Iva Gabel, 1903; Nettie 

Kline, 1915; Emma Birch, 1916-17; Leah Dove, 1917-18; Delia 
Lawrence, 1918-19; Dollie Steger, 1919-20; Ellen Peters, 1920-21; 
Leah Dove, 1921-22; Helen Estes, 1922-23; Helen Huff, 1923-24; 
Flossie Lockhart, Minnie Salzman, 1924-27; Lillie Roberts, Luke 
Tippett, ?; Carl Gordon, 1933-34; Clema Stierwalt, 1934-35; Euris 
Greeson, Ellen Roy, 1935-37; Hollis Wright, 1937-38; W. H. 
Seeley, 1938-40; Carl Gordon, Minnie Farr, 1940-42; Maude Huff- 
man, 1942-46; Edward Myers, ?; John Huffman, 1946-47; Lue 
Whitacre, 1947; Lucy Bartlett, 1947-48; Ethel Brown, 1948-49. 

District *81 

West Union was formerly District No. 9 located one mile south 
of the Block Church in Greenup Township. 


West Union School - 1914 
First row: Bert Banners, Wayne Roan, Madge Timmons, Chiora Walden, Rual 
Warfel, Bill Hanners/slate, Raymond Roan, Fred Manners, Edna Torbitt, Ewhling 
Warfel, Courtland Coleman. Second row: Lorraine "Cap" Roan, Fred Shepherd, 
Enah McKinley, Lavera Coleman, Cora Manners, Juanita Roan, Opal Glenn, Lou 
Walden, Teacher, Lindsay Shepherd. Third row: Claude Coleman, Leonard Tor- 
bitt, Neva Ward, Lizzie Glenn, Mae Walden, Bertha Houston, Ruth Manners, Hyla 

Teachers: H. G. Ewart, 1861; Mrs. Anne Harding, 1862; Lisa 
Consert, 1864; S. M. Black, 1865; Josephine Goodwin, 1866; Lewis 
Rader, A. J. Caldwell, William Dunlap, 1867; Taylor Forrester, J. 
C. Hume, Nancy McCandlish, 1868; Israel Morris, 1869-70; M. 
Allenbaugh, 1876; Mary Armstrong, 1877; J. J. Smith, Lizzie 
Yelton, 1878; Essie Tutewiler, 1879; Lizzie Yelton, 1880; J. N. 
Rothrock, Eveline Morris, 1881; Will Gard, S. B. Shockey, 1882; 
Anna Wetterstrom, Lizzie Shockey, 1883; J. J. Smith, Lizzie 
Shockey, 1884; A. W. Campbell, Edward Carr, 1885; Adeline 
Losier, Edward Carr, 1886; R. Welbaum, Frank Hunt, 1896; 
Mildred Richeson, 1901; Daisy Yelton, 1903; Ida (Glosser) Nor- 
viel, ?; Iva Kelly, Iva Gabel, ?; Willis Wright, Van Buckley, 1908; 
Mrs. Bessie Leas, 1909; Jim Paden, 1910; Jim Torbutt, ?; Sylvia 
Shull, 1912-13; W. L. Shepherd, 1913-15; Harvey Edwards, Willis 
Wright, 1915-16; LilHe Spesard, Willis Wright, 1916-17; Violet 
(Mounts) Miller, Emma Greeson, 1917-18; Iva Perkins, 1918-19; J 
S. Sutherland, 1919-21; Mary Dillier. 1921-22; Leroy Cowger 
1922-23; Harvey Edwards, 1923-24; Ida (Shoots) Boruff, 1924-25 
Delbert Tharp, 1925-26; Ernest Finney, 1926-27; James Paden 
1927-29; Esther Timmons, 1930-33; Shelby Shepherd, 1933-35 
Lenora Sperry, 1935-41; Louise Brewer, 1941-42; Lenora Sperry 
1942-45; Robertine Keller, 1945-46; Ralph Fitch, 1946-48 
Florence Stading, 1948-52. West Union and Wade were together 

District *36 

West White Oak School ■ 1928 

Front row: Leiand Beaumont, Maxine, Ralph and Delores Eggers, Georgia 
Keller, Marjorie Roberts, Marry Eggers, James Sullender. 

Back row: Geraldine Redfern, Leonard Walden, Lorraine Keller, Dorothy 
Oakley, John Muffman, Teacher, Carrie Walden, Catherine Sullender, Ruby 
Walden, Mildred Oakley. 

West White Oak was located three miles west of Toledo, south 
side of Route 121. The school and site sold in 1950 to Dewey 
Quinn. It has been a store and a home for years, now Arnold Nees 

Some teachers were: Lindsay Shepherd, 1883-84; D. H. 
Reynolds, 1900; Jennie Owings, 1901; Miss Pearl Rhodes, A. M. 
Lawrence, 1903; Miss Zelma Russell, 1906; James Paden, Clara 
Starwalt, ?; Thelma Gather, 1907-09; Orpha White, 1913-14; Otto 
Ballinger, 1915; Ada Myers, 1917; Madge Holt, 1919-20; Lora 
Starwalt, 1920-21; Lora Starwalt, 1922-24; Emma Simerly, 
1924-25; John Huffman, 1925-28; Eugene White, 1932-34; E. E. 
Greeson, 1936; Hollis Wright, 1938-39; Henry Seeley, 1939-40; 
Carl Gordon, 1940-43; Maude Huffman, 1943-46; John Huffman, 
1946-47; Lucy Bartlett, 1947-49. 


District *70 

Wetherholt was located southeast of Greenup, site was sold to 
Willie Markwell in 1950. Some who taught were: Lewis Markwell, 
1898; Miss Birdie Crane, 1901-03; Pearl Williams, 1903-04; Dessie 
(Carr) Enyart, 1904-05; Fay (Aldrich) Freeland, 1905-06; Myrtle 
Sperry, 1906-08; Miss Pearl Feltner, 1908; J. L. Paden, 1911; Nora 
Starks, Delia McFadden, ?; Scott Sutherland, 1915; Russell Van- 
Dyke, 1915-17; Lola Shepherd, Ivy Sperry, 1917-18; Glo Neeley, 
1918-19; Maye Cutright, 1919-20; Edith Nichols, 1921-22; Mary 
Dillier, 1922-23; Willis Wright, 1923-24; James L. Paden, 1925-26; 
Merlie Nees, 1928-29; Louise (Paul) Brewer, 1929-33; Bernice 
Waters, 1935-36; Cora Button, 1936-37; Inez Albert, 1937-38; 
Maudeline Huffman, 1938-41; Wm. J. McMorris, 1941-42; Elva 
Carrell, 1942-45; Thelma Harrison, 1945-47; Ruth Brewer, 
1947-48; Wetherholt went to Scotch Chapel, 1948-49. 

District H7 
Whitehall is located west of Toledo on the southeast corner, as 
you cross the Montrose blacktop going west. The school is gone. 
Some teachers names available are: Rufus Gilpin, 1901; Gertrude 
Head, 1903; Miss Hallie Stewart, 1906; Miss Fay Hancock, Beulah 
Capps, 1906-07; Anna Werth, 1915; Wm. Gather, 1917; Dona 
Tate, 1920-21; Pauline Gordon, 1921-22; Harry Ewing, 1922-23; 

Whitehall School - 1948-49 
First row: Ruth Burton, Evelyn Cooper, Virgil White, Carl Clough, 

Armer. Second row: Donald White, Patty Pickering, Gladys Raymer, Bob Batten, 
Mary Armer, Naomi Trigg, Josephine Raymer. Third row: Marie Cooper, Sherry 

White, Trigg, Delbert Trigg, Shirley Armer. Fourth row: Donald 

Johnson, Blanche White, Teacher, Edna McKinncy, Josie Batten, David Badcrt- 
cher, Vernon White, Joan Miller, Stella Clough, Jimmy Kingcry. 


Marion Walker, 1923-25; Mrs. Alice Frank, 1925-26; Frank 
Clevenger, 1926-31; Otto Ballinger, 1931-32; Mrs. Evelyn Walden, 
1936; Clema Stierwalt, 1940-41; Pearl Connell, 1943-44; Cora Hut- 
ton, 1944-45; Ruth Brewer, 1945-47; W. H. Seeley, 1947-48; Edna 
McKinney, 1948-49. 

No information was available on this school except it was 
located three to four miles east of Neoga in 1860. 


District *60 

In 1901 a proposal to build a new two-room brick building to 
house approximately 80 students and replace the former building. 

Directors at this time were Samuel Bowman, Grant Wallisa, and 
C. H. Callahan. After much dispute and an election, a unanimous 
vote carried to build. 

In 1903 the building was completed at the sum of $2290 and 
was being used by January, 1904. New seats were purchased. 
Brick masons were Mr. Castello and Owen Decius, carpenter was 
Mr. Atkins. 

Woodbury - 1919 
First row: Hope Kingery, Alice Kingery, Elmer Wallisa, Dorothy Plutnmer, 
Loraine Plummer, Clara McClelland, Viola Garrett, Geneva Willisa. Second row: 
Ivan Aleshire, Bernard Wallace, Dclbert McClelland, Irene Cox, Joe Bishop, 
Naomi Wallace, Grace Wallisa. Third row: Teacher. Carrie Ray, Gene Wallace, 
Kenneth Plummer, Glen Wallisa, Leonard Bolin, Thomas Brewer, Earl Flood, Lyie 

In 1934, this building burned, school resumed in the church 
just north of the former school. This school was replaced by 1935. 

After consolidation, this building was sold at auction to Dave 
Glenn, Victor Burnett and Wilton Carr for $3275. Later the site 
was sold to Clarence Aleshire for a home. An incomplete list of 
teachers as follows: Doc Russell, Hala Wells, 1900; Miss Cora 
Bowman, Miss OIlie Bowman, 1901; Ben Willan, Miss Agnes Con- 
nor, 1903; Lyman Mathena, Miss Sidona Flannery, ?; Miss Agnes 
Connor, L. M. Barger, 1906-07; Miss Gertie Kingery, Miss Lillie 
Spesard, 1907-08; Miss Gertie Kingery, Euris Greeson, 1911; Joel 
Kemper, Lillie Roberts, 1919-20; Carrie Ray, A. J. VanTassel, 
1920-21; Blanche Tanner, Butler Russell, 1921-22; Catherine 
(Gabel) Benson, Donna Connor, 1923-24; Thurman Wallisa, Prin., 
Helen Harrell, 1924-25; Lora (Starwalt) Callahan, Raymond Per- 
rott, 1925-26; Louise (Paul) Brewer, Raymond Perrott, 1926-30; 
Roy E. Hutchison, 1930-31; Elva Carrell, Velma Rodebaugh, 
1934-35; Elva Carrell, Mrs. Mildred Dodds, 1935-36; Louise (Paul) 
Brewer, 1938-41; Olive Holsapple, Mildred Dodds, 1941-42; Olive 
Holsapple, Mildred Dodds, 1944-45; Edith Smith, Elva Carrell, 
1945-49; Mary Wilson, Lloyd Lee, 1950-51; Elva Carrell, 1951-52. 

This picture was taken in 1935 while school was being held in the Church 
awaiting the rebuilding of the new school. 

Front row: Max Bolin, Roy Plummer, Richard Flood, Bob Gentry, Don Gentry, 
Albert Wilson, Jim Dryden. Second row: Albert Wilson, Virgil Gentry, Tommy 
Conner, Junior Oakley, Carl Gentry, Willard Oakley, Frank Livingston, Wayne 
Cox, Richard Kingery, Virgil Bolin. Third row: Five little girls, starting with the 
one peeking around Junior Oakley: Norma Jean Bishop, Imogene Cox, Edith 
Bishop, Blanche Livingston, Edith Cox. Fourth row: Hazel Parrot, Imogene Yaw, 
Dorothy Gentry, Mary Plummer, Lucille Plummber, Ruby Cox, Delores Kingery, 
Ella Wilson, Bertha Slickenmyer, Lula Gregor, Beulah McClellan, Geraldine 
Sheehan. Top row: Teacher, Mrs. Elva Carrell, John Oakley, Gilbert Bishop, Lyle 
McClellan, Martha Slickenmyer, Mary Plummer, OlaBelle Yaw, Ruth Plummer, 
Opal Cox, Dale Yaw, Ray Bishop, Ollie Kingery and Teacher, Miss Velma 


District *4 

Yanaway School was located northwest of Casey in Union 
Township, Cumberland County near the woods, a short distance 
from the road, in a quiet location with oil wells pumping all 

The school was started by the name of Goodhope. Goodhope 
Church was located near the school. This school was equipped 
with a stove in the middle of the room for heat, a coal bin outside 
behind the building. 

In 1912, Yanaway School was built and located just in front of 
the former school. In about 1914-15 a well was dug, so they had 

\'ana\sa\ - 1932 
Front row: Ivan Sidwell, S. G. Myers, Harold Comer, Kenneth Garrett, Howard 
Wright, Dale Chrysler, William Myers, Dale Myers, Victor Orrell, Thomas Comer, 
Donald Brandenburg, Gene Brewer. Second row: Max Black, Wanda Brewer, Nor- 
ma Swearington, Mary Orrell, Lois Swearington, Marie Brandenburg, Wanda 
Kuhn, Verleigh Myers, Erma Jean Bowers, Hazel Wright, Iris Sidwell, Ruth 
Chrysler, June Comer. Third row: Effie Sidwell, Laverne Henderson, Lavon 
Chrysler, Morris Paden, David Kuhn, Dale Lacey, teacher, Sophia Wright, Ursa 
Sidwell, Virginia Wright, Phyllis Comer. 


their own water without carrying it. Yanaway met the standards of 
the county school system. It was equipped with cloak rooms, a 
library, a furnace with a coal room nearby. 

After consolidation, it was sold to Clyde Staley, who made a 
nice home of it. A partial list of teachers: Dr. Lee, 1899-1900; 
George Lacey, 1901-02; Glenna Strong, 1913-15; Mary Miller, 
1917-18; Cecelia Sands, 1918-19; Mack Dodds, 1919-20; Henry A. 
Green, 1923-25; Donna Connor, 1925-26; Bess Yanaway, Bert 
Miller, ?; Fred Tutewiler, 1928-29; Euris Greeson. ?; Dale Lacey,' 
1932-34; Ernest Cramer, 1936-37; Ethelyn Pumphrey, 1943-44; 
Mary K. Brown, 1944-46; Esther Ault, 1946-49. 


District *39 

Zion is located in the northwest corner of the county, in Neoga 
Township. Teachers names that were available are: R. M. 
Bingaman, 1901; Verinda Mosbarger, 1903; Mamie Birdzell, 
1915-16; Flossie Lockhart, 1916-17; Portia Ewing, 1917-18; 
Winifred Buchanan, 1918-21; Dollie Steger, 1921-22; Ellen Peters, 
1922-23; Carl Carruthers, 1923-24; Helen May Sheehan, 1924-25; 
Doris Carruthers, 1925-26; Helen Huff, 1928-30; Mary Edna Farr, 
1930-31; Evelyn McGinnis, ?; Nina McMullen, 1936; Mrs. Ernest 
Fox, 1941; Florence Marshall, 1943-45; Mildred Albin, 1945-48. 


District *68 

History says Greenup had a school building in 1840. In 1855, 
Gershom Monohon was responsible for the building of a brick 
school. At this time the school was district *1, later changed to 

The earliest records available show on April 13, 1874, Mark 
Sperry was hired to teach at Greenup. He taught seven years. Mrs. 
Rash Jones was also hired at this time. 

In May 1876, a school meeting was held at the depot to vote 
whether to build a frame school or a two-story brick building. The 
two-story brick carried by 20 votes. Mattie Day was hired for 835 a 
month and Hallie Collins for $30 as teachers at this time. 

On June 10, 1876, Levi McCash had the lowest bid for the new 
building at a sum of $3,478. It was accepted. The building was 
completed by 1879. In July 1880, the board agreed to dig a well on 
the premises to be walled with a good stone wall, ten inches thick. 
In September, D. Mitchell dug the well for $21.75. 

Other teachers during the period 1876-1881 were D. W. 
Dorans, Nellie C. Lewis, Abbie Chrisman - 835 a month, Emma 
Chrisman - $25 a month, W. H. Ward, Henry Tippett, Mary Carr, 
Louisa Tippett, Mary Watkins, William Trent, and Minnie 
Franklin. Frank Welshimer was janitor. Board members at this 
time consisted of Jas. L. Ryan, N. G. James, A. K. Bosworth, L. 
Leggett, E. L. Meeker and A. J. Ewart. 

The building burned in 1896, being replaced by the brick, 
eight-classroom, two-story school we all know. 

In August 1908, ground was broken for a two-story annex on the 
south side of the school. It should have accommodated 100 

In 1927, the gymnasium was built and an assembly and 
classrooms on the second floor to match the old building. The first 
basketball game played in the new gym was played with Montrose 
in 1927. Players for this game were Leo Strain, Percy Ogden, Joe 
Nichols, John Waldrip, Delbert Hutchison, Berlin Kline, Ed Ben- 
son, Harland Titus, Donnie Ewart, and Coach Les Ogden. 

An annex was built to the southeast for a band room, later a 
cafeteria. The old school accommodated all eight grades and high 
school at one time. 

The class of 1890 was the first high school graduating class, the 
class of 1949 was the last senior class to graduate from Greenup 
High School. 

On May 8, 1948, the county voted to consolidate forming 
Cumberland Unit '''77. It was built and ready for occupancy 
September 1952. Elementary classes continued in Greenup until 
Cumberland Elementary School was built in 1967. 

Soon the building was sold to Wilton Carr and torn down. 
Memories are still vivid to those who attended, in many cases two 
or three generations. 

Superintendents, teachers and coaches are too numerous to 
name at this time. 


Story by Bobbie Claire Goodman 

From Daily Times, Charleston, Illinois 

February 19, 1968 

Razing of the old Greenup School is progressing at a rapid pace 
and the walls will come tumbling down this week, according to 
William (Bill) Carr of Greenup who is supervising the work along 
with Robert Carr of Toledo, son of Attorney Wilton Carr, pur- 
chaser of the property. 

Bill Carr has found, while at work, many old memories linger in 
the building to remind him of his school days at Greenup High. 
This reporter searched in vain for her name on the old school bell 
as it was lowered to the ground prior to being taken to the 
municipal building where it will be stored until such time as it is 
fashioned into a historical monument to be covered with students' 
names. It was a time-honored custom for anyone who had the 
nerve to climb up into the belfry to autograph the bell in chalk 
upon his/her graduation. 

Wind and weather have erased the chalk inscriptions, however, 
the lead pencil signatures written on the belfry door still remain, 
some dating back to 1909. The autographed door has become 
quite a conversation piece and may be seen at Dilliers Feed Store. 

Many of the village residents were unaware, until recently, that 
a public alley used to run north and south through the school 
property where the gymnasium now stands. The alley was vacated 
in 1926, prior to constructing this latest addition to the 71-year- 
old school. The gymnasium will be left standing on the property 
until this summer and will be used for storage purposes. 

The Greenup Presbyterian Church and Manse are located on 
the northeast corner of the block. The church has purchased two 
half lots to the west and will use this space for building expansion 
and parking facilities. 

Wilton Carr's plans call for dividing the remaining property 
into nine or more triangular or wedge-shaped lots with a diagonal 
driveway going through the block from the southeast to near the 
northwest corner. Lots will be of varied sizes and will face either 
the new driveway or the existing village streets, depending upon 
frontage allowance. 

Several building plans are under consideration by Carr at this 
time, the foremost of which includes one or more two-story apart- 
ment buildings. The good and usable brick and stone salvaged 
from the school buildings will be utilized in construction. Also 
under consideration for one of the smaller lots on the northwest 
corner is a carport of auto housing structure to be used by the 
apartment dwellers. Footing has already been dug for a new home 
on the southwest corner of the block. The home will be built by 
the Construction and Home Improvement company, a division of 
Toledo Builders Supply, and construction is scheduled to begin 
late this month. 



Jessie Haight 
Myrtle Ryan 
Gladys Cook 
J. L. Leggett 
A. R. Seaman 
P. H. Conzet 
Hershel Talbott 
Stella Davee 
Stella Harmon 


Lincoln Bancroft 
Net Wylde 
Austin Ambrose 
Lottie Button 
Emma Robertson 
Piatt Lemon 


Daisy Denman 
Harry Jenuine 
Ida Ewart 
Bertha Hampton 
John Humphry 
Delia Hampton 
Inez Ambrose 
Delia Nichols 


Miss Amy Lee 
George Robertson 


Jessie Conzet 
Mattie Mack 
Beatrice Yago 
Flora Smith 
Charles Eckard 
Staley Smith 


Harold Bright 
Maud Rowe 


Gar Borden 
May Travis 
H. B. Lowe 
D. C. Carson 
L. C. Markwell 
Sadie Havens 
Pearl Sandefer 


Daisy Ward 
Ernest Bancroft 
Daisy Summer 
D. C. Robertson 
Lenora Henley 
Bessie Button 
Fred Templeton 
Bertha Haight 
Nell Ewart 


Winnie Winslow 
Bessie Jenuine 
Ophia Fisher 
Gertrude Crouch 
Dortha Fisher 
Lena Peters 
Jessie Stewart 
Sadie Dillon 
Birdie Crane 
Sylvester Hopper 
Claude Robertson 


Lillie Ewart 
Hattie E. Wilkins 
Alice Fogleman 
Nina Janes 
Eliza Dill 
Jessie Brown 


Homer Runkle 
Cora Brubb 
Tom Wickiser 
Gertrude Winslow 
Goldie VanDyke 


Myrtle Castella 
Ray Crouch 
Gladys Fisher 


Sadie Botts 
W. E. Sovings 
Luke Aldrich 
Katherine Hopper 
Charles Carrell 


Elsie Stanberry 
Victoria Thomen 
Forrest Fisher 
Lela Mae Ormsby 
Alice Cash 
Dawn Leggett 
Edna Denman 


Hollie Botts 
Ernest Fisher 
Cora Denny 


Alva Garrison 
Alta Wilson 
Rita Lee Cash 
Annis Arends 
Grace Hopper 
Anna Thomen 
Connie Robertson 
Leo Ratcliff 



Myrna Green 
Glenn Ratcliff 
Dr. Arthur Peters 
Chester Fitch 
Kenova Winslow 
Irene Denman 
Roy B. Lyons 
Lawrence Williams 


Erma Fitch 
Charles Hutsel 
Zula Williams 
Geneva Peters 
Will Thomas 
Georgia Dillon 
Ruby Stafford 


Lela Nunamaker 
Zona Wilson 
John Ratcliff 
Carrie Fay Lyons 


Nora Hubbard 
Delia Cutright 


Ila Monahon 
Hattie Ewart 
Thelma Cook 
Clara Hopper 
John Dees 
Lyle Ward 
Maggie Williams 
Charles Aldrich 
Wayne Bancroft 


Pearl Travis 
Dewey VanDyke 
Kern Shade 
Wayne Travis 
Maurice Cook 
Hugh Fitch 
Oscar Myers 
W. Stacey Bowman 
Reba Crouch 
Winnie Mattison 
. Bonnie Beeman 


Charles Goodman 
Helen Allentharp 
Opal Allenbaugh 
Mary D. Waldrip 


Grace Green 
Ruby Beeman 
Sylvia Darling 
Anna Mitchell 
Lloyd Lee 
Juanita Kelly 
Raymond Meyers 
Emily McFadden 
Ralph Ramey 
Lagreeta Gable 
Nellie Holt 
Dr. Wesley Bancroft 
Lola Miller 
Claude Carrell 
Frank Carson 
Grace Bowman 
Ralph Havens 
Lala Miller 
Louisa Boots 


Vaca Brown 
Isa Spesard 
Dallas Shores 
Kenneth Shade 
Alora Ward 
Genevieve Brenton 
Virginia Goodman 
Eloise Allenbaugh 
Lawrence Philippi 
Lyle Fogle 
Earl Goldsmith 
Arnie Meyers 


Peter Shade 
Bernard Cash 
Edith Conger 
William Carrell 
Herman Ewart 
Merwyn Ewart 
Audrey Rowe 
Delno Underwood 
Mary Price 
Roland Loving 


Wilton Carr 
Robert Allentharp 
Mary Dillier 
Victor Rodebaugh 
Eb Benson 
Nina Loving 
Edward Grissom 
Irene Shull 
Arthur Benson 
Lowell Ozier 
Marshall Coleman 


Clyde Benson 
Freda Cash 
Sarah Dora 
Edith Nichols 
Oliver Goldsmith 
Roy Hutchison 
Hazel Inskeep 
Clara Rodebaugh 
Park Shade 
Bernice Phillipi 


Edith Boggs 
Helen Lemen 
John Underwood 
George Holt 
Lavern Kelly 
Ernest Hayden 
Virgil Bancroft 
Catherine Gabel 
Lawrence Patrick 
Joe Boone 
Emil Brown 
Dortha Shull 
Reba Griffith 
Jack Luke 
Lorene Neeley 
Blanche Nichols 
Mildred James 
Mary Holt 
Walter Graham 
Letha Carrell 
Maurice McCormick 


Cleo Benson 
Carolyn Campbell 
Helen Carson 
Opal Coen 
Ray Cook 
Millard Eckard 
Alberta Jenuine 
Doris VanValley 
Ruth Holt 
Marshall Holt 
Reva Holsapple 
Mary Hubbard 
Merna Ewart 
Verna Ewart 
Estaline Miller 
Bud Nunamaker 
Wallace Orndorff 
Clella Ozier 
Mildred Phipps 
Ray Remer 
Lelan Rodebaugh 
Ruth Sullivan 
Thelma Travis 


Kenneth Holsapple 
Ethel Mitchell 
Vernon Ozier 
Delbert Tharp 
Charles Westall 
Joe Greeson 
Everett Chancellor 
Roland Wickiser 
Thelma Tharp 
John Inskeep 
Lawrence Simeral 
Carl Benson 
Mildred Brooks 
Walter Atkins 
Cosy Brown 
Ila Button 
Ernestine Bancroft 
Walter VanDyke 
Bonnie Greeson 
Glen Speakman 
Raymond Kline 


Grace Broom 
Dean Ware 
Belva Gabel 
Herbert Husinga 
Vernon Shaffer 
Beulah Ware 
John Ozier 
Edna Byers 
Hazel Harrell 
Norman Goldsmith 
Ruth Ward 
Paul Luke 
Glen Rodebaugh 
Lawrence Price 
Reginald McCormick 
Forrest Carrell 
Morris Cook 
Morris Connor 
Redith Wickiser 
Morris Whittaker 


Charles Tracey 
Delbert Husinga 
Clyde Hays 
Wayne Allison 
Bernice Hayes 
Lewis Houser 
Ivan Steed 
Hugh Holsapple 
Raymond Freeman 
Olive Perisho 
Jessie Shepherd 
Bloomfield Rogers 
Howard McCormick 
Don Luke 
Noel Ozier 
Foster Jobe 
Doyle Brooks 


Arthur Bailey 
Helen Ozier 
Lela Jobe Benson 
Bernice Holsapple 
Violet Easton 
Doris Carrell 
Alice Husinga 
Ernestine Fogleman 

Clara Chezem 
Evelyn Benson 
Opal Benson 
Dale Brown 
Ernest Bruns 
Berlin Kline 
Louise Paul 
Ruth Shadley 
Shelby Shepherd 
Paul Carr 
Ed Benson 
Alaka Brown 
Olive Holsapple 
lola Loving 
Dale Ozier 
Malora Rodebaugh 
Athus Stewart 
Kenova Price 
Cortland Coleman 
Raymond Cox 
Donald Ewart 
Donatta Bishop 
Bessie Bruns 
Flossie Carr 


Bernice Bean 

Helen Enyart 

Opal Wetherholt 

Eleanor Wood 

Elsie Waterford 

Harlan Titus 

Vera Stewart 

Oneita Perisho 

Arnold Ozier 

Philip Eubank 

John Waltrip 

Ralph Wickiser 

Lucille Richardson 

Aha Paul 

Arnold Richardson 

Inez Mattison 

Paul Morton 

Evelyn Wiley 

Alma Jones 

Cleta Mills 

Merle Carlen 

Leonard Sterling 

Harold Floyd 

Elizabeth Gabel 

Kenneth Gabel 

Omar Elliott 

Lyle Jester 

Beatrice Milan 

Delmas Hayes 

Edgar Jobe 


Leo Bancroft 
Ellen Fogleman 
Homer Mitchell 
Tressa Packer 
Maxine Stockbarger 
Charles Whitaker 
Dale Bishop 
Ruby Shadley 
John Haughton 
Waneta Sedgwick 
Eunice Tharp 
Leah Reynolds 
Irene Cox 
Albert Hetzer 
Golden Cox 
Raymond Fogle 


Joe Nichols 
Lena Sherrick 
Mary Whitaker 
Margaret Williams 
Lester Ward 
Inez Titus 
Viola Carey 
William Coleman 
James Robertson 
Kenneth Kirk 
Rossine Ruffner 
Mildred Hayden 
Homer Spesard 
Leo Strain 
Gerald Wade 
Nina Wade 
Fred Paden 
Joe Carrell 
Leona Mills 
Ralph Stewart 
Roberta Button 
Edythe Hayden 
John Roberts 
Alice Wickiser 
Velma Rodebaugh 
Iverna Bowman 
William Hunsaker 
Minnie Ward 
Edgar Ray 
Arthur Shoot 
Mildred Wade 
Kenneth Plummer 
Carroll Schlueter 


Hollis Wright 
Maxine Button 
Maxine Brown 
Clarence Underwood 
Wayne Perisho 
Charles Neese 
Carl ShuU 
John Catey 
Carl Roberts 
Juanita Wade 

Greenup High and Elementary School 

Fred Shields 
Charles Ware 
Thelma Hayes 
Evelyn Sims 
Nona Decker 
Gladys Neese 
Lloyd Ingram 
Arthur Cox 
Nellie Garrett 
Doyle Jackson 
Edna Sherrick 
Helen Richardson 
Dale Kirk 
Charles Button 
Walter Garrett 


Ralph Eubank 
Cecil Fults 
John Fogleman 
James Greeson 
Ruby Shull 
Thelma James 
Sylvia Thomas 
Agnes Latta 
Kathryn Tracy 
Ralph Travis 
Mary McElravy 
Ernest Rogers 
Irene Wade 
Mary Sherrick 
Leonard Mills 
Earl Neese 
Walter Garrett 
Wandalee Havens 

Elnora Ray 
Hollis Wright 
Fern Aleshire 
Lorene Brewer 
Allen Cox 
Reba Fogle 
Gephart Husinga 
Mildred Shoot 
Margaret Carrell 
Mac Waldrip 
Harold Bishop 
Edith Troxel 
Berlyn Wetherhoh 
John Snedeker 
Roy Curtner 
Gordon Sims 


Gertrude Aleshire 
Doyle Beeman 
Bernetta Benson 
Vera Pearl Bishop 
Doris Bowman 
Dallas Brown 
Beulah Carr 
Herbert Carr 
Rochelle Carey 
Vance Dittamore 
Lillie Dooley 
Mary Dye 
Lenora Eubank 
Russell Gust 
Ruth Hallett 
Richard Hayden 
Iva Kuhn 
Aline McCormick 

Greenup Public School - early 1930s 


Bernard Miller 
Lorene Plummer 
Rosebud Price 
Martha Reeder 
Cleo Sedgwick 
Walter Stewart 
Iva Thomas 
Myrtle Trent 
Estella Mae Underwood 
Leone Wetherholt 
Marietta Wheat 
Irene Whitacre 
Thomas Williams 
John William Wylde 
Glee Nees 


Helen Chezem 
Derell Carrell 
Leland Coble 
Ruth Catey 
Dale Carey 
Clyde Dooley 
Max Dettro 
Clifford Duvall 
Warren Faith 
Arch Feltner 
Victor Good 
Donald Glidewell 
Pauline Graham 
Mary Greeson 
Luke Holsapple 
George Hutton 
Clifford LeMay 
Sam Loomis 
John Milam 
Lorraine Mitchell 
Evangeline Mowrer 
Maxine Ozier 
Colonel Rodgers 
Mildred Rothrock 
Franklin Sappington 
Lawrence Shadley 
Inez Sheppard 
James Sherrick 
Sherwood Shofner 
Joe Shull 
Wood Spurlock 
William Stephens 
Roy Vanetta 
Lucille Ward 
Lyle Ward 
James Wylde 


Jeanette Price 
Julia Brooks 
Ray Hunt 
Juanita Brown 
Ralph Tracy 
Dorothy Sidwell 
Don Peters 
Alta O'Donnell 
Cecil Franklin 

Charley Wade 
Lloyd Dooley 
Paul Waterford 
Leland McDowell 
Rogene Ozier 
Glen Buss 
Louise Lawyer 
John Aten 
Edna Shepherd 
Richard Shadley 
Mary Wickiser 
Joe Connely 
Maxine Mitchell 
Herbert Brown 
Hattie Stewart 


Margaret Greeson 
Ted Shull 
Delia Brussell 
Harold Wood 
B. J. Wood 
Coralee Stewart 
Alene Ward 
John McElravy 


Lowell Carpenter 
Naomi Carr 
Helen Ware 
Lois Winnett 
William Sedgwick 
Florence Rooney 
Elmer Fogleman 
Maurine Brussell 
Wendell Dettro 
Bill Hedrick 
Carolyn Carrell 
Ralph Holsapple 
Juanita Hundley 
Harold Waterford 
Jennie Borden 
Charles Shoot 
Lucille Rhoades 
Glenn Ruffner Jr. 
Mae Carrell 
Lloyd Ozier 
Marion Freeman 
Bill Waldrip 
Ellen Calvert 
Clyde Hutton 
Marjorie Miller 
Clifford Sherwood 
Leon Matteson 
Elwood Hawes 


John Barger 
Helen Benson 
Raymond Bruns 
Bud Carrell 
Ina Dillier 
Delbert Easton 
Jane Greeson 

Helen Greeson 
Loretta Greeson 
Charles Goodman 
Bob Hedrick 
Burnetta Jobe 
Arietta Jobe 
Arnetta Jones 
Glenivere Jones 
Virginia Kingery 
Lena Lawyer 
Max Lee 

Mildred McDowell 
James Mitchell 
Melvin Mattison 
Reba Matteson 
Annalee Peters 
Coral Reisner 
Ruby Stewart 
Reba Stewart 
Louise Stewart 
Wayne Shelton 
Charles Williams 
Robert Wilcox 
Bob McDowell 


Donald Aleshire 
George Aleshire 
Gene Bright 
Bud Brussell 
Kieth Carrell 
Rossine Carrell 
Wilma Catey 
Wayne Cowger 
Nellie Dillier 
Robert Dillier 
Freida Dunn 
Harold Greeson 
Edward Hill 
Kathryn Hill 
Jeanette Kuhn 
Eugene McElravy 
Dale Mitchell 
Evelyn Ray 
Emma Rodebaugh 
Grace Shadley 
Ruby Shofner 
Harold Stirewalt 
Deloris Sutherland 
Louise Waldrip 
Alberta Ward 
Iris Wheat 
Billy Winnett 
Helen Wickiser 
Eileen Wood 


James Peters 
Mary Dora Bancroft 
Dorothy Shiels 
Florence Cox 
Helen Markwell 
Dorothy Ware 
Martena Snearley 

James Brickey 
Evelyn Bright 
Harold Catey 
John Hampsten 
Eleanor Kingery 
James Kuhn 
Bill McMorris 
Christine McCormick 
Norma Matheny 
Wilma Nichols 
Bill Rominger 
Irma Rothrock 
Bill Sherrick 
Bob Smith 
Betty Stewart 
Ila Stewart 
Eleanor Wade 
Reese Wakefield 
Lucille Parker 


Neda Bell Draper 
Marlon Owen 
Bill Ray 

Kenneth Williams 
Philip Smith 
Bette Sherrick 
Frank Bauguss 
Marjorie Sedgwick 
Marilyn Shields 
Wayne Owen 
Rogene Hutton 
Doris Carrell 
Weller Sedgwick 
Mary Ann Trent 
Margaret Sturts 
Robert Shull 
Freda Patrick 
Kathryn Clark 
Louise Bell 
Agatha Oakley 
Hazel Parrott 
Wandalee Stewart 


Imogene Greeson 
Harold Waters 
Betty Brussell 
Alma Greeson 
Modena Dettro 
Zelma Stewart 
Vernon Brickey 
Norma Hardy 
Marjorie Reynolds 
Jean Markwell 
Ina Hubbard 
Opal Dillier 
Bud McMorris 
David Carlen 
Lyle Greeson 
Dave Reisner 
Lucille Roan 
Pauline Paden 
Lavon Green 

Marjorie Shadley 
Lucille Plummer 
Ernie Cox 
Betty Durham 
Cloyce Hutson 
Doris Button 
Henrietta Baker 


Kenneth Hesler 
Alberta Hampsten 
James Stateler 
Dorothy Clark 
Robert Ray 
Shirley Stockbarger 
Helen Martin 
Olive Miller 
Joe Kuhn 
Leona Hardy 
Billy Stewart 
Florine Faulkner 
Betty Cutright 


Betty Goodman 
Lloyd Shadley 
Deloris Sherwood 
Buddy Matteson 
Earl Snearley 
Lila Ware 
Betty Hayden 
Virginia Dunn 
Robert Green 
Leona Stewart 
Kenneth Chezem 
Lawrence Gable 
Mary Day 
Lee Sherrick 
Mary Lou Holsapple 
Dorothy Jean Bean 
Arthur Mitchell 
Eileen Faulkner 
Helen Sutherland 
Fred Dooley 
Muriel Croy 
Kenneth Walden 
Kathleen Mitchell 
Leavitta Brewer 
William Brussell 
Beulah McClellan 


Eloise Shull 
Jean Stockbarger 
Emogene Roan 
Helen Draper 
Bob Matteson 
Phyllis Button 
Catherine Raydon 
Betty Sturts 
Catherine McElravy 
Clara Fogleman 
Charlene Crose 
Blye Cox 
Norma Brussell 

Gene Oakley 
Reba Cox 
Darrell Owens 


Kenneth Fritts 
Richard Miller 
Victor Craig 
Betty VanDyke 
Dean Swim 
Jack Carr 
Lowell Rhoades 
Lendon Darling 
Lois Darling 
Ruth Brewer 
lula Peters 
Dorothy Roan 
Rosemary Eubank 
Jack Cutright 
Bobbie C. Bowman 
David Winnett 
Rosalee Smith 


Marie Gressell 
Naoma Snyder 
Clara Biggs 
Roy Lyons Jr. 
Lee Markwell 
Ruth Brown 
Mildred Shupe 
Robert Holsapple 
Marie Easton 
Alberta Freeman 
Jean Winnett 
Martha Callahan 
Ewell Winnett 
Marie Fogleman 
Virginia Edwards 
Margie Kingery 
Barbara Carson 
Charles Connelly 
Lavada Brown 
Bob Phillipi 
Kathryn Rominger 
Bud Mitchell 
Helen Dooley 
Barbara Barger 
Loren Markwell 
Mary Carr 
Wanda Statler 
Frank Cherry 
Donna Marie Green 


Thomas Mills 
Barbara Wensloff 
Frankie Titus 
Philip Rowe 
Kenneth Dooley 
Robert Crane 
Valma Ward 
Kenneth Miller 
Kenneth Sedgwick 


Tressa Keller 
Clara Ruth Carlen 
Richard Flood 
Rosemary Stockbarger 
Lila Cutright 
Merwyn Green 
Betty Black 
Olive Cox 
Margaret Phillipi 
Norma Stateler 
Harvey Williams 
Rosalie Benson 
Dale Dillier 
Ramona Button 
Jess Chezem 
Dean Callahan 
Marcella Draper 
Charles Mitchell 
Mary Lou Carrico 
Dean Matteson 
Betty Dillier 
John Klaus 
Harriet Carlen 
Edward Bell 
Edith Cox 
Lloyd Darling 
Jerold Bland 


Betty Jean Curtner 
Mary Louise Klaus 
David Carr 
Thelma Reeder 
Delores Miller 
Norma Joan Dillier 
Raymond Chancellor 
Mary Lou Gray 
Ernestine Wood 
Christine Robbins 
Dana Starwalt 
Mary Dee Carr 
Warren Theron Kingery 
Daphne Kemper 
Donald Holsapple 
Nora Roan 
Don Cook 
Norma Bishop 
Donald Clark 
Daniel Sherrick 
Joan Brown 
Floyd Feltner 
Floyd Cody 
Patricia McCormick 
Edward Lee Titus 
Rosemary VanDenEnde 
Doyle Stirewalt 
Naomi Kingery 
Edward Wilson 
Nadine Ryder 
Nellie Ruth Carr 
Wm Elmer Yocum 
Ida Bright 
Lowell Welbaum 
Lendon Darling 

Alva Hampsten 
John T. Matteson 
Richard Rominger 
Robert Stewart 
Jack Carr 
William Carr 
Donald Stewart 
Theo Swim 
Kenneth Sowers 
Lyle Markwell 
Ila Mae Fogle 


Coen Bright 
Glenn Brussell 
James Brussell 
Vance Chancellor 
Dean Carter 
Barbara Cox 
Marilyn Dooley 
Alberta Dunn 
Franklin Freeman 
Emma Jean Haga 
Rosemary Jobe 
Ted Latta 
Adah Lyons 
Carolyn McCormick 
Marie Neese 
David Owens 
Geraldine Price 
Lorene Rickard 
Jeane Robey 
Chas Rominger 
Mildred Ryder 
Randall Shepard 
Harvey Sherwood 
Joan Shore 
John Stewart 
Fred Thomas 
Wanda VanDyke 
Robert Winnett 
Betty Underwood 
Evelyn Yaw 

(!^ GR£ENUP 
III 19^9 

l:^; a^^ f^li 

(oa MM euxr Lb0>& VlOOD 

Greenup High School ■ 1949 

First row: Loren Grissom, Eulah Brown, Paul Igoe, Pat Eubank, Kent Kingery, 
Randy Coleman, Evelyn Ann Bishop, Lloyd Flood. 

Second row: Bob Dooley, Peggy Cutright, 0. D. Alcorn, superintendent-sponsor, 
Marjorie Burgess, president, Coen Holsapple, sponsor, Nina Feltner, Charles Win- 

Third row: Wm. Roy McElravy, Evelyn Chezem, John Nees, Erma Hardy, 
Martha Havens, Dean VanTassell. 

Fourth row: Don E. Freeman, Phillip Cutright, Carroll Ward, Pauline Lewis, 
Robert Ozier, Lela Nees, Ruth Brandenburg, Charles Carpenter. 


Randall Coleman 
Ruth Brandenburg 
Ella Bridges 
Eulah Brown 
Charles Carpenter 
Evelyn Chezem 
Bill Cox 
Peggy Cutright 
PhiUp Cutright 
Robert Dooley 
Nina Feltner 

Patricia Eubank 
Lloyd Flood 
Donald Freeman 
Wanda Gray 
Loren Grissom 
Martha Havens 
Erma Hardy 
Burl Holsapple 
Paul Igou 
Kent Kingery 
Evelyn Bishop 

Pauline Lewis 
Bill McElravy 
John Nees 
Robert Ozier 
Jim Robey 
Bill Thomas 
Leroy Tipsword 
Dean VanTassel 
Carroll Ward 
Charles Winnett 
Lela Nees 


The Neoga Grade School housed both the elementary and high 
from 1884-1905. The Neoga Grade School was organized and the 
first school was in 1857. The first teacher, Miss Mary Ewing, 
helped in the organization and eight pupils were enrolled. It was a 
small one room building. 

This one room building was in use until 1867 when a two story 
frame building was erected on the corner of Seventh and Elm 
Streets. The school was regraded in 1884 to include a three-year 
high school curriculum. The first Commencement Programme 
was from the Methodist Church on April 14, 1887. 

The distinction of being the first graduating class of Neoga as 
well as first graduating class from a high school in Cumberland 


County was in 1887. The class included: Alice Bradman, Elsie Hus- 
band, Carrie Hancock, Ada Wright, Minnie Smith and Cora Han- 

The building burned in 1896 and an eight-room school brick 
building was built. 


In 1909, a high school was organized and a suitable building 
erected at a site on the east edge of Neoga. This site has remained 
throughout the years. This marked the beginning of Neoga 
Township High School. The first graduating class from the new 
building was in 1911. 

On October 28, 1922, the building was destroyed by fire. 
Students were housed in churches and other locations until 
replaced by a larger three story brick building. 






^ ilJ 'IMS '- 



i. J.. „ 

1 tw r_^ KU r . .^., 


-■" i' iiimlMM— ■■MmlMMIMi 


Neoga High School 

Transportation to school was by horseback or horse and buggy. 
A building housing the animals was behind the school. This 
building holds many memories for the boys who sought to prove 
their skill at fisticuffs during the noon hour. Later transportation 
was by car and students from out-lying areas formed car pools. 

In 1929, the juniors and seniors chose a design for a ring, uni- 
que to NTHS. This practice continued for 17 classes and was 
discontinued in 1946. 

The school colors were purple and gold until 1935, when they 
were changed to red and gray. The tradition of exchanging the 
wooden shoe with Teutopolis at basketball games preceding 
Thanksgiving and Christmas vacations began some time between 

School code changes brought about many changes beginning 
in 1948. The school became known as Neoga Community District 
No. 3 and included territories in Cumberland, Coles and Shelby 
Counties. One-room schools in the area were being eliminated. 

At a dedication on November 1, 1953, the following changes 
were included: 4 additional classrooms from the old study hall to 
house the junior high; a community room, cafeteria, music rooms 
and a farm shop revamped from the old gymnasium; and a new 
modern physical education plant. There were 32 on the faculty 
and a fleet of 11 school buses transported the students. 

In 1960, the junior high moved to the new elementary school 
located on West Sixth Street. 


The dedication of the new school was Sunday September 24, 
1961. The Supervisory personnel was as follows: Louis K. Voris, 
Unit Superintendent, Jean H. Manuel, Principal, Mrs. Vera T. 
Queen, Assistant Principal and Mrs. Dortha Greeson, Secretary 
and Lunch Supervisor. There were twelve teachers on the elemen- 
tary staff and eight teachers listed on the junior high faculty. 

Many changes and innovations were made in schools. Busing 
and food served in the cafeteria became common practices. Addi- 
tional changes are given in this time-line. 

1973-Beginning of the pre-school DIAL screening of Neoga 
Elementary. Children three years or older are tested for school 

1976-Mrs. Vera Tolch Queen retired from Neoga Elementary 
after 47 years as an educator. Robert Schwindt was named as her 

1979-1980-R.I.F. (Reading is Fundamental) This program was 
financed by both Federal and local funds to provide all elemen- 
tary children with free books. Students receive books three times 
per year. This program is continuing today and is directed by 
Mrs. Marilyn Rennels. 

1981-Gifted program begins for Neoga .udents, elementary 
students attend computer classes at Eastern Illinois University. 

1986-Preschool testing became the Brigance Pre-School Screen- 

1986-Project HELP program begins. Children age three to five 
are eligible students. Teacher is Donna Nelson with instructional 
aide Carla Sylvester. 

1987-Beginning age for school children changes to September 

1989-Neoga Elementary school begins all-day kindergarten pro- 
gram. Teachers for the program are Mary Sur, Mary Lou Mat- 
thews, Carolyn Hayden and Lisa Sutherland. 

1990-Computers purchased for the Pioneer attendance center 
and the Neoga Elementary. Kindergarten through sixth grade 
learn basics of computers as well as computer aided instruction. 

The education of exceptional children is an integral part of 
our total school program and several special education programs 
are available. The Neoga Community Unit School District offers 
the following programs: speech therapy, learning disabilities, pro- 
grams for the educable mentally handicapped, trainable 
mentally handicapped, and early childhood education for ages 3 
to 5. It is necessary to have help outside our district. This help is 
available through the Eastern Illinois Area of Special Education 

Mr. Richard Greene, Superintendent of Schools in 1985, in 
keeping with the School Reform Act, and with the aid of the 
teaching staff developed "OUR MISSION" a statement, "Neoga 
Community Unit School District *3 is committed to educating all 
students to be responsible, competent, and confident citizens who 
will make a positive contribution in our changing world." A pla- 
que with the statement and goals for all students is posted in the 

Beginning in 1977 the elementary school has an ECO (ecology) 
team that competes with area teams. Awards are given by the U.S. 
Corps of Engineers. 

In 1991 the high school maintains a consistent graduation of 
above 90% — well above the State average of 78.0% and the 
national rate of a lower amount. 

Information supplied by Mr. Robert Schwindt, Elementary 
Principal with certain facts recorded in previous accounts. 

NEOGA SCHOOLS - 1960-1992 

The Neoga Community Unit School District *3 was created in 
1948 by uniting several one room elementary schools and the 
Neoga Township High School. By 1968 the Pioneer School, four 
miles east of Neoga on Route 121, served grades one through 
five on two floors. Elementary students grades also grades one 
through five, then six through eight were educated at the in-town 
facilty two blocks east of the Jennings Park. Secondary students 


worked toward their diploma at the three-story Township High 
School bulding on the east side of town. 

School building changes for Neoga students began in the Six- 
ties and continued into the Seventies. The new Neoga Elementary 
School, on West Sixth Street, opened in 1960. In 1978, the 
seventh and eighth grade students began attending a new one- 
floor junior-senior high school which was constructed on the site 
of the old Township High School. 

Social and technological changes significantly influenced both 
curricular and extra-curricular activities in the Seventies and 
Eighties. More students began driving to and from school. Both 
parents in many families were working, and many older students 
were holding down part-time jobs. The teachers association 
negotiated their first written contract with the Neoga Board of 

Education. The Girl's Athletic Association was replaced by girls' 
teams in volleyball, basketball and track. The addition of 
calculators, electronic equipment and personal computers in 
classrooms, labs and school offices resulted in new coursework 
and record keeping procedures. 

Legislative reforms dictated changes ranging from consolida- 
tion talks to higher graduation and college admission standards to 
formalized school improvement planning. The schools struggled 
to video presentations by installing satellite and cable television 
systems offering educational programming via the popular 

Submitted by Dave Carpenter, Principal Neoga Community 
High School 



Alice Bradman 
Carrie Hancock 
Cora Hancock 
Elsie Husband 
Ada Wright 
Minnie Smith 


Loretta Joseph 
Leni Kelley 
Oliver McKay 
Blanche Mitchell 
Samuel Ragan 


Maude Black 
Eva Estes 
Gertrude Hancock 
Robert Ragan 
Minnie Wallace 
Fairelendar White 
Mattie White 


Charles Comstock 
Florence Ewing 
Maude Hancock 
Alice Jones 
Maude Mitchell 
Belle Ragan 
Dollie Singer 


George Dodge 
Charles Ewing 
Meville Fisher 
Minnie Good 
Mae Head 
James McKinney 
Ellen Morrison 
Herbert Packer 


George Clark 
Edna CuUum 

Thomas DeVore 
Walter Gibson 
Charles Good 
Charles Hancock 


Ulva Holloway 
Lucy Jones 
William Leffler 
Walter Lindley 
Carroll Ragan 
Henry Voris 
Irene Wilson 
Robert Wright 


Charles Clark 
Duff Dryden 
Emily Fulstone 
Lilly Keller 
Lee Kenworthy 
Maude Lacy 
Clarence Osborne 
Anna Phelps 
Eva Phelps 
Fred Swengel B. 


Bertha Bingaman 
Verna Good 
Lulu Kenworthy 
Maurice Leffler 
Clarence Neighbor 


Mary Cullum 
Grace Good 
Adolph Husband 
Jennie Lindley 
Fairy McCormick 
Zella Roberts 
Louis Kirkham Voris 
Inez Votaw 


Fausta Birch 

Florence Fretts 
Irma Fancher 
Gertrude Head 
Stella McMunn 
Clifford Short 


Ethel Carey 

Clarence Edwin Swengel 


Ina Bassett 
Blanche Good 
Faye Hancock 
Nettie McCartney 
Bertha Peters 
Ella Reid 
Lilah Votah 
Gertrude Wilson 


Lulu Burton 
Beulah Capps 
Grace Champion 
Nellie Clay 
Belva Dodds 
Maye Lindley 
Lockie McMunn 
Leon Short 


Nellie Burton 
Edith Brant 
Menzo Cline 
Leota Crookshank 
Edith Curry 
Nelson Good 
George Dougherty 
Floy Neighbor 
Irene Harden 
Lucia Ragan 
Edna Roberts 


Lucille Burton 
Grace Baker 

Cora Capps 
Grace Hand 
Robert Lacy 
Fred Lawson 
Katherine Voris 
Howard Votaw 
Lola Wilson 


Richard Baker 
Roscoe Coen 
Xenophen Dougherty 
Portia Ewing 
Eva Fancher 
Leslie Garrett 
Horace Kimery 
Florence Lacy 
Verna Wakefield 

1910 - First class 
to graduate from 
M.E. Church 

Pearl Bosley 
Lloyd Caldwell 
Elizabeth Curry 
Clara McMannigel 
William McMannigel 
Blanche Swengel 

1911 - First class 
to graduate from 
the new high 
school building 

Blanche Buchanan 
Lelia Buchanan 
Stanley Coen 
Julien Dow 
Philip Everhart 
Dorothy Ewing 
Everett Ewing 
Mabel McAllister 
Leslie Whitten 
Jennie Wilson 
Feme Young 
Minnie Young 


Wallace Barrett 
Leslie Dougherty 
Pearl Ewing 
Leslie Haskett 
Bessie McKinney 
Leonard Nichols 
Zulu Owen 
Lloyd Swengel 
Marie Woolery 


Cordelia Birch 
Helen Buchanan 
Marguerite Buchanan 
Mary Buchanan 
Floyd Crockett 
Verona Kline 
Ethelyn Lindley 
Ethel McClean 
Earl Mills 
Madge Morris 
Christine Neal 
Maye Steger 
Anna White 
Lester Wilson 
Beulah Wishart 


Goldie Bosley 
Marie Buchanan 
Ella Burton 
Earl Chronic 
Anna Davidson 
Zola Eryse 
Goldie Garrett 
George Heath 
Lowell Mills 
Pearl Nichols 
Helen Richardson 
Dorothy Shaffer 
Maurine Stayton 
Faye Steger 
Alice Young 
Max Young 
Orville Young 


Maude Brown 
Agnes Kline 
Raymond Philip Coen 
Hazel Colbert 
Recter Cornwell 
Ruth Davidson 
Mary Dow 
Ruth Harris 
Zelma Haskett 
Neva Higgins 
Nellie O'Day 
Laurine Richardson 
Guy Storm 
Wilson Ward 
Elsie Wilson 
Hazel Young 


Jennie Buchanan 
Stella Carruthers 
Alice Dove 
John Hackley 
Anna Kenworthy 
Mabel Lockhart 
Ruby Martin 
Richard McMunn 
Edith Peters 
Elizabeth Richardson 
Selma Shaffer 
Winefred Shaffer 
Mabel Snyder 
Jake Steger 


Mabel Engle 
Edwin Graham 
Edna Greaves 
Lois Greaves 
Agnes Huff 
Neva Latimer 
Pearl Lockhart 
Florinne McMunn 
Wilma Pease 
Harold Phelps 
Clara Plummer 
Everett Walk 



Carl Barrett 
Edith Buchanan 
Daisy Chiselhall 
Ross Cornwell 
Ethel Hackley 
Delia Lawrence 
Ursula Pugsley 
Katherine Shaffer 
Dewey South 
Wade Steele 
Forence Sutton 
Edith Votaw 
Opal Young 


Dorothy Albin 
Winifred Buchanan 
John Comstock 
Christine Dugan 
Julia Knupp 
Minnie Salzman 
Ada Smith 
Carl Snyder 
Dollie Steger 
Irene Swanson 
Hazel Votaw 
Ina Young 


DeWitt Albin 
Sylvia Buchanan 
Marguerite Clark 
Lulu Dryden 
Harry Ewing 
James M. Ewing 
Myrtle Fritter 
Pauline Gordon 
Mabel Huff 
Ruth Latimer 
Henry McManigel 
Ellen Peters 
Blanche Randolph 
Beulah Shaffer 
Lela Swansen 
Mildred Swengel 
Noah Tolch 
Max Voris 
Pauline Votaw 
Mildred Ward 


Earl Crookshank 
Higdon Comstock 
Dorsey Ewing 
Ransom Harris 
Flossie Lockhart 
Marguerite Roy 
Lauren Sargent 
Maye Schoby 
Mary Snyder 
Mamie Smith 
Philip V. Welshimer, 
Madonna Walk 


Irma Bigler 
Vernon Bigler 
Charles Chappelear 
Edna Farr 
Inez Farr 
Sarah Figenbaum 
Donald Gordon 
Susie Grimes 
Ethel Higgins 
Ruth Kimery 
Lenora Lockhart 
Emma Moran 
Mary Smith 
Lucille Swank 
Vane Swengel 
George Wilson 


Helen Baker 
Mabel Baker 
Frank Bassett 
Lucille Bates 
Virgil Brimberry 
Carl Carruthers 
Kermit Clayton 
Ernest Coons 
Thelma Farr 
Pauline Hopper 
Beulah Morse 
Russell Peters 
Mary Plummer 
Stella Powell 
Celeste Pugsley 
Kenneth Schneiderjon 
Gerald Seidler 
Thelma Tomlinson 
Marjorie Wallace 
Margaret Wilson 
Mary Edith Witwer 
Frances Woolery 
Winifred Weshimer 


Lloyd Allison 
Ina Marie Reals 
John H. Bigler 
Norma Bigler 
Ora Bigler 
Victor Bigler 
Robert Roy Burrell 
Iva Canary 
Doris Carruthers 
Roy Clawson 
Elsie Coen 
Frances Coen 
Walter Curry 
Jennie Dove 
Lloyd Elson 
Irene Fleming 
Bernice Gordon 
Daisy Belle Gordon 
Sr. Edward Huffman 
Leah May Hull 

Walter Roe Johnson 
Dorothy Kline 
Geneva Lacy 
Clark Latimer 
Blanche Lockhart 
Kenneth McGinnis 
Lockie McMannigel 
Nina O'Day 
John Powell 
Guy L. Rhodes 
Helen May Sheehan 
Margaret Sheehan 
Jesse Steger 
Dallas Storm 
Carroll Swank 
Alice Warner 
William White 
Emma Wilson 
Eleanor Young 


Frances Blake 
Isabelle Blake 
Vella Brick 
Daisy Davis 
Grace Fearday 
Harriet Figenbaum 
Inez Figenbaum 
Martha Higgins 
Waldo Higgins 
Velma Johnson 
Ellis Kepp 
Winifred Lindley 
Vivian McCartney 
Dorothy Rhodes 
Edwin Simpson 
Irma Snyder 
Maurice Springer 
Bessie Steger 
Ruth Strickler 
Donald Swengel 
Nelson Zimmer 


Goldie Baker 
Mary Elizabeth Bassett 
Kermit L. Beals 
Robert Bigler 
Louis Buchanan 
Mary Jane Comstock 
Edna Fern Cowan 
Dwight Elson 
Roscoe A. Hash 
Henry Hoffman 
Clara E. Hunk 
Mary Vincent Hunk 
Beulah May Knupp 
Elsie Irene Nichols 
Ruby McKinney 
Margaret Quinn 
Edna Faye Simpson 
Elizabeth Mary Strickler 
Franklin D. Voris 
Ralph Wallace 

Walter Wattles 
Blanche Wilson 


William Bushur 
Ruth Canary 
Robert Claybaugh 
Margaret Condit 
Effie Copeland 
Frank Dove 
Helen Elson 
Elizabeth Engelke 
Logan Farr 
Duranda Frank 
Bertha Figenbaum 
Fred Frede 
Lois Greeson 
Mary Hoffman 
Frieda Johnson 
Mary Lindley 
Dorothy Mayhall 
Mary Murry 
Maurine Reynolds 
Arthur Salzman 
Frank Sargent 
Testy Schoby 
Elizabeth Short 
Edna Smith 
Hazel Floy Swengel 
Helen Mabel Swengel 
George F. Welshimer 
Fausta Wilson 
Lucille Wilson 
Roy Wilson 


Marjorie Alexander 
Chester Baker 
Mary Bigler 
George Brown 
Naomi Burry 
John Carruthers 
Violet Cochran 
Carroll Coen 
Earl Curry 
Edna Curry 
Katherine Fearday 
Leora Frank 
Frank Fromme 
Dwight Harris 
Glavis Hull 
Helen Kepp 
Edna Kimery 
Philomena Moran 
Dorothy Nichols 
Bernice Patterson 
Wilda Patterson 
Mary Lois Quiett 
George Reid 
Kermit Reid 
Emily Sargent 
Vivian Seidler 
Lucille Soliday 
William Steger 

Bernice Wilson 
Nellie Wilson 
Robert Woolery 
Vera Tolch 

Mildred Baker 
Virginia Bigler 
Alice Birch 
Elizabeth Claybaugh 
Stanley Claybaugh 
Paul Coen 
Sarah Copeland 
Elnora Condit 
Mary Alice Crockett 
Alice Davis 
Nellie Greeson 
Rex Haskett 
Dudley Kingman 
Dorothy Lindley 
Evelyn McGinnis 
Charles Meyers 
Cecilia Milbachler 
Bernice Peters 
Esther Strickler 
Bernard Sehi 
Fred Steger 
Harriett Springer 
Florence Thompson 
Russell Thompson 
Carol Jane Voris 
Robert D. Welshimer 
Donald Whitaker 
Margaret Wilson 
Wallace Witwer 


Glenn Albin 
Mildred Blake 
Robert Lewis Brick 
Alice Elmira Brown 
Gladys Burgess 
Lowell Burry 
Gertrude Carruthers 
Lloyd Carruthers 
Gabrella Clem 
Mary Elizabeth Cleve 
Paul Curry 
Deloris Daugherty 
Mary Fisher 
Morris Frede 
Deloris Kern 
Opal McKinney 
Mabel McMunn 
Maxine Nichols 
Edgar Nichols 
Bernard Peters 
Lou Pridemore 
Elsie Sewell 
Alfred Snyder 
Vivian Swengel 
Beulah Tolch 
Lloyd Walk 
Eloise Warren 
Marjorie Wilson 


Helen Albin 
Bruce Alexander 
Bernice Andrews 
Warren Bigler 
Dale Brown 
Oren Currier 
Hartley Clayton 
John Coen 
Robert Dean Coen 
Laura Dornblazer 
Maxine Duddleston 
Beulah Elson 
Julia Ewing 
Dorsey Gordon 
Alberta Grills 
Dexter Greeson 
Raymond Hackley 
Dillard Hawkins 
William Holloday 
Richard Johnson 
Blanche Layton 
Paul Lugar 
Grace McGinnis 
Jennie McGinnis 
Edna Fern Montgomery 
Dorothy Peters 
Foster Roy 
Russell Schneiderjon 
Frieda Schoby 
Olive Short 
Dean M. Swengel 
Franklin M. Swengel 
Gertrude Wente 
Philip Woolery 
John Young 
Margaret Zimmer 
Nellie Zimmer 


Harold Baker 
Harry Beals 
Lawrence Beals 
Nellie Mae Beals 
Elizabeth Bigler 
Dorothy Marie Bingaman 
Mary Virginia Brick 
Maxine Mildred Brown 
Walter Vernon Brown 
Naoma Gladys Canary 
Virginia Carruthers 
Eloise Cheeley 
Virginia Coen 
Carroll Cross 
Marvin Davis 
Donald Robert Ewing 
Mary Eva Fearday 
Frances Jane Fisher 
Alice Higgins 
Florence Huffman 
Woodrow Janes 
Weldon Kennedy 
Ella Faye Latch 
Carl Mason 

Mildred McClory 

Elizabeth Milbachler 

Mildred Meyers 

Dorothy Ellen McKinney 

Dorothy Price 

Frank Ralston 

Susan Sexton 

William Short 

Eugene South 

Dean Storm 

Guy Storm 

Glaysa Storm 

Geraldine Strohm 

Foster Walk 

Evelyn Wente 


Eleanor Albin 

Foster Ballinger 

Mildred Elizabeth Bassett 

Catherine Muriel Bigler 

Richard Arthur Bigler 

Annette Blomquist 

Charles Thomas Carson 

Genevieve Elizabeth Condit 

Joseph Clark Dryden 

Marjorie Fearday 

Gail Ferguson 

Harry Lewis Figenbaum 

Louise Lillie Grills 

Donovan Haskett 

Frances Clesta Johnson 

Vivian Mae Keplinger 

Alfred Kimery 

Margaret Mayhall 

Robert Mayhall 

Lois Marie McGinnis 

Virgil Johnson Meyers 

Clessen Keith Scoles 

Evelyn Scott 

Marjorie Steel 

Margaret Walk 

Rotha Walker 

Charles Williams 


Mildred Ruth Bingaman 
Edith Juanita Brick 
Frances Wanda Brimberry 
Vera Evelyn Carruthers 
Ralph David Claybaugh 
William D. Coen 
Denzel P. Ferguson 
Harriett Ruth Fisher 
Marion Franklin Greeson 
Wendell L. Gruenwald 
Frank Leslie Haskett 
Madonna Ruth Jackson 
Nona Alene Lindley 
Edna Maude Linkhart 
Adam McClain 
Marie Rose Miller 
Beulah Mildred Price 
Harold E. Ramert 
Alice Roberta Rhodes 

Millard Rhodes 
Emily Elizabeth Storm 
George S. Strohm 
Edwin McMunn Swengel 
William Harlan Tate 
Louis K. Voris 
Maurice A. Walk 
Alice Evelyn Wilson 
Agnes Worland 
Charles Woolery 

Virginia LaVaughn Baker 
Gladys Ballinger 
Clarence Baumgarten 
Fairy Ellen Best 
Gladys Maxine Clevenger 
Robert Wm. Coen 
Maxine Elliott Condit 
Faye Curry 
Jesse Davis 
Eilene Dougherty 
Robert Drennan 
Wilbur Fearday 
Elizabeth Dougherty 
Fred Hash 
Gordon Hayton 
George Justice 
Rex Donald Kimery 
Vera Maude Kimery 
Howard Louthan 
Carl Wilson Morton 
George Miller 
Frances Milbachler 
Robert Peters 
Donald Richardson 
Edith Schoby 
Melvin Scott 
Harriett Shields 
James A. Short 
Sarah Stewart 
Robert J. Stretch 
John Wallace 
Maurice Wilson 
Maurice Van Scyoc 


Joseph Stanley Albin 
Robert Maurice Baker 
John Philip Bassett 
Glenn Ernest Braden 
Amos Claybaugh 
Virginia Caroline Condit 
Robert Earl Ellis 
John Turner Elson 
Donald Clarence England 
Raymond Albert Fearday 
Alyce Irene Ferguson 
Eula Jane Gordon 
Gerald Hays 
Bernard Quintin Hayton 
Martha Elizabeth Holladay 
Hazel Lou King 
Mary Margaret Niemeyer 
John Marion Patterson 

Class of 1936 Neoga Township High School 
First row: Feme Mayhall, Cletus Reed, Heloise Reed, Robert Baker, Caroline 
Condit, Ray Fearday, Mary Niemeyer, Joseph Albin, Ann Worland, Philip Bassett. 
Second row: Clinton Powell, Eula Jane Gordon, Forrest McDermott, Hazel Lou 
King, Doris Wilson, Emily Walk, Bernard Hayton, Josie Perry, Robert Ellis, 
Beulah Tolch (class advisor). Third row: Don England, Myrtle Shields, Gerald 
Haves, Martha Holladay, Glen Braden, Irene Ferguson, John Elson, Violet Justice, 
John Patterson, Pearl Justice. 

Josie Elizabeth Perry 
Isaac Clinton Powell 
Cletus L. Reed 
Heloise Pearl Reed 
Myrtle Shield 
Pearl Thelma Justice 
Violet Edna Justice 
Martha Fern Mayhall 
Forrest McDermott 
Emily Walk 
Doris Wilson 
Anne Worland 


Neva Abercrombie 
Theodore Roosevelt Albin 
Hope Elizabeth Bauer 
Melvin Bickel 
Donald Leroy Borror 
Carl Avis Braden 
Dean Bridges 
Juanita Brown 
Richard Roscoe Coen 
Vernon Glen Doll 
George William Dougherty 
Emily Marie Ellis 
Mary Elizabeth Ewing 
Wayne Graves 
Ernest Alva Greeson 
Freeman Gruenwald 
Fredda Mae Lowe 
Helen Mae Meyers 
Dale DeLong Miller 
Newell Montgomery 
Clara Niemeyer 
Katherine Eloise Rhodes 

Florienne Shields 
Alice Clara Snodgrass 
Mildred Caroline Snodgrass 
Charles Templeton 
Manford Wesendorf 
Charles Wayne Whitaker 
Loren Pershing Whitaker 
Wallace Neil Wilson 
John David Worland 


Burl Louis Bauer 

John Robert Blomquist 

Edwin Pere Brown 

Grant Buchanan Capps 

Warren Carruthers 

Dorothy Lee Claybaugh 

Ruby Coen 

Mildred Evelyn Curry 

Hubert George Curry 

Vera Erwin 

Helen Louise Fosbinder 

Freeman Leonard Grisamori 

Dorothy Marie Jensen 

Warren Kepp 

John Fulton Lowe 

Florienne McClean 

Ray Edward Miller 

Betty Moyer 

Deloris Patterson 

William Payton 

Kenneth Scoles 

Ruth Short 

Foster Soliday 

John Swanson 

Verda Swinehart 
Theta Swingler 
Esther Van Scyoc 
Ruth Wallisa 
Victor Wallisa 
Harry H. Wells 
Alice Wright 
Redith White 
Herschel White 


Earl Roy Barker 
John Buchanan Bingaman 
Gladys Alice Bishop 
Mary Eleanor Brimberry 
Lulu Marjorie Coen 
Leland S. Collins 
Doris Jean Condit 
Cora Eloise Cornell 
Belva Curry 
Evelyn Alice Fearday 
Rose Marie Fearday 
Ruth Ann Fearday 
Doris Ann Hayton 
David Glenwood Hill 
Maxine Coen Kimery 
Kathyrn Esther Lawson 
Perry Ermal Lewellen 
Jerry Lustig 

Frederick M. Mendenhall 
Louis George Mettendorf 
Mary Agnes Meyers 
Margaret Osaline Morgan 
Mary Elizabeth Robey 
Lowell Rutan 
Dorothy Ann Templeton 


Mabel Marie Tolch 
Norma True 
Marie Alice Walk 
Ruth Marie Wente 
Mary Julia Young 


Charles DeWitt Albin 
Eugene James Albin 
Margaret Jane Anderson 
Charles Eugene Barber 
Mary Alice Brown 
Marcella Boldt 
Elizabeth Aileen Burge 
Thomas Burgess 
Lewis Harriott Claybaugh 
Elwanda June Drennan 
William Allen Drennan 
Nelle Eileen Ferris 
Daisy Belle Greeson 
Addison Edward Hill 
Thomas Leslie Holladay 
John Edward Jacobsen 
Dean Leonard McAllister 
Robert William McKinney 
Donald Albert Miller 
Margaret Morgan 
Norman Warren Payton 
Mary Alice Ralston 
Helen Ruth Snodgrass 
Robert Edward Swanson 
Joseph George Swinehart 
Wandalee Taylor 
Harold Walk 
Virginia Nelle Wagner 
Harvey Watkins 
Margaret Mary Wente 
Chloe Helen White 
Dennis Dorcey Young 
Marjorie Ellen Young 
Lloyd Philip Zimmer 


Bobby Baker 
Gwendolyn Faye Baker 
Mary Elizabeth Baker 
Beverly Alberta Barber 
John Miles Bingaman 
John Brimberry 
Joseph George Bushur 
Kermit Anthony Bushur 
Florence Grace Coen 
Herald Dean Crockett 
Warren Calvin Elson 
Carol Virginia Ewing 
George Frederick Fuller 
Steward George Gaddis 
Howard Gordon 
Martha Evelyn Gordon 
Treva Harper 
Ralph Franklin Havichorst 
Donald Raymond King 
Annette Ruth Kingery 


Ann Marie Kingman 
Marjorie LaDon Long 
Jack Edward Martindale 
Patricia June McCauley 
Alice Perry 
Carroll P. Post 
Robert Virgil Stephens 
Norma Wente 
Imogene Winkler 
Stephen Theodore Worland 


Rita Jo Anderson 
William Thomas Antrim 
Charles Evan Baker 
Norma Jean Ballinger 
Marilyn Lee Carruthers 
Doris Maurine Coen 
Harry Donald Cross 
Wanda Louis Fosbinder 
Philip Dean Gaddis 
Annabelle Juanita Gaddis 
Isaac Franklin Justice 
Beatrice Evelyn Lane 
Eugene Lawrence 
Lottie Louise Lawrence 
Rita Veronia Meek 
Marjorie Mary Mettendorf 
Ruth Eileen Meyers 
Dean M. Roy 
Saml Homer Saegessor 
Alice Jeanette Short 
Charles John Tolch 
Rex Walden 
Edith Cecelia Walk 
Vivian Ramonda Walk 
Ray Adolph Wente 
Frances Jean Wiley 
Herman Alfred Wolf 
Lucille Zimmer 


Leo Janes Aldridge 
Hedrick Marion Baker 
Betty June Bingaman 
James Wallace Bingaman 
William Donald Bishop 
Warren Ralph Capps 
Julian Clay 

Charles Monroe Crawford 
Kenneth Eugene Crockett 
Doris Dollar 
Lenora Vivian Douglas 
Mary Jane Drennan 
Rowena Mary Elson 
Jack Burton Ewing 
Roger Lincoln Ewing 
Mildred Alice Gammill 
George Harris 
Paul Jacobsen 
Bruno Lohrmann 
Patricia Ann Martindale 
John Charles McDonald 

Betty Lou Schroeder 
Ruggles Dale Sell 
Philip V. Welshimer, Jr. 
Leona Wente 
Arnold Wm. Wolf 
Philip Francis Worland 
Robert Lyle Young 
Dallas Norman Young 


Dorothy Ann Bingaman 
Lawrence Herman Brady 
Robert Lee Burry 
Fidelis John Bushur 
Wesley Green Gulp 
Clyde Eugene Drennan 
Caroline Amelia Fearday 
Ann Gordon 
Marilyn Louise Green 
Sidney Vernon Greeson 
Dorothy Lodge Jacobsen 
Helen Marjorie Junken 
Carol Edward Kastl 
Francis Philip Luedke 
Francis Eugene Mayhall 
Lloyd Carlen McKay 
Delores Virginia Mechling 
Phyllis Eileen Ralston 
Floyd Arthur Thomas 
Wanda Oletia Walk 
LaVerne Anthony Wente 
Warren Richard Young 

Francis Anderson 
Betty Jean Antrim 
Lucille Sara Baker 
Gail Marion Barber 
Marjorie Charlene Blake 
Wanda Burton 
Wilma Jean Clark 
Marion Louise Claybaugh 
Florence Evelyn Crockett 
Ruth Alice Cross 
Shirley Ann Doll 
Norma Helen Ferris 
Marvin Dale Fosbinder 
Paul Clinton Harding 
Pauline Margaret Hartke 
Norma Jean Huff 
Alice Catherine Jacobsen 
John Harold Kenworthy 
Mary Katherine Kraft 
Norman Howard Lane 
Robert Glenn Lawrence 
Letha Marie Lindley 
Norris Albert Mettendorf 
Harvey Mechlig 
Norma Jean Parker 
Marjorie Lorinne Sell 
Gwendolyne Louise Storm 
Kathryn Wallace 
Delores Elizabeth Wente 
Nona Mae White 


Theresa Eileen Abel 

Dorothy Mae Baker 

Robert Joseph Benefiel 

Marcella Amy Boldt 

Alice Louise Brady 

Rose Ann Bushur 

Wayne Eugene Clark 

Mary Ruth Cooter 

Robert Louis Crawford 

Ruth Dearman 

Roy David Ellis 

June Ardith Harding 

Delmer Hatten 

Joanna Hayes 

Norma Jean Lawson 

Dean Mechling 

Diane Elizabeth Miller 

John Lee Montgomery 

Juanita Robey 

Roberta Ruth Storm Floyd Bernard Wente 

Katherine Elizabeth W John Henry Wente 

Rita Antonette Worlanc Elizabeth Katherine Worland 

Philip Allen Young Marjorie Ellen Zimmer 


Frederick Joseph Abel 
Lorna Joan Brown 
Arthur John Ellis 
Lucile Mae Fox 
Esther Lu Kastl 
William Richard Kritz 
Lola Evelyn Lawrence 
Noble Dean Lawrence 
Doris Rosalie Lindley 
Lenora Evelyn Overmyt 
Doris Jean Snyder 
Dorothy Maxine Storm 
Donald Richard Van Sc 
Virgil Walk 
Thelma Louise Walk 
Robert Lee Wente 
Luella White 


Ruth Lillian Anderson 
Bonnie Baker 
Warren Perl Baker 
Lloyd Herman Blair 
Carl Ralph Brady 
James N. Buchanan 
John Otis Dollar 
Lawrence Ingram Fox 
Julia Ann Green 
James Bernard Hartke 
Earl Hatten 
Betty Louise Huff 
Lloyd Nathan Kingery 
Donald Edward Kraft 
James Meek 
Wanda South 
Morris Eugene Strohl 
Elizabeth Jean Walk 
Francis Wassom 


Betty Laurene Baker 
Dorothy Louise Beals 
Hazel Marie Beaks 
Donald Bell 
Jeanine Brown 
Pauline Janet Burton 
Raymond Bushur 
Ruth Aileen Drennan 
William Farr 
Eugene Edward Fox 
Darlene June Gaddis 
Janet Leah Green 
Claudia Goad 
Cleo Goad 
Dean Lyle Gordon 
Doris Irene Icenogle 
Louise Vera Jones 
Richard Ellis Kepp 
Julien Millard Kimery 
Gilbert Duane Kingery 
Marjorie Louise Lindley 
Eleanor M. Louthan 
Sylvia Catherine Michlig 
Wilson Maxwell Montgomery 
Mary Morton 
Mary Patrick 
Dixon Wayne Rawlings 
John Arthur Shuemaker 
Carl Otis Scoles 
Raymond Paul Stretch 
Madonna Stuckey 
Mary Lou Wente 
Helen Rose White 
William E. Wilson 
Kenneth Werth Wolf 
Norma Jean Wolke 
Lulu Belle Zimmer 


District *24 

Toledo School was located at the Cumberland County Seat, ap- 
proximately in the center of the County. 

In the beginning about 1861, students occupied a two-story 
frame building located in the middle of the block south of today's 
Neal Tire Service. 

In 1881, there had been four classrooms built on the original 
two. In 1924, the gymnasium was built, which was a great im- 
provement since the P.E. and Sports classes had been using other 
buildings around town for this. Later a building out behind the 
school was built they called the "Sheep Shed". This was used by 
the 7th and 8th grades taught by Bert Birdzell at one time. Next 
was the cafeteria and two classrooms upstairs over it, which made 
a very nice school with the elementary grades downstairs and the 
high school upstairs. 

The first graduation to be held in Toledo was 1890. Those who 
graduated were Mary Shull, Ura Chapman, Bertha Hanker, Nora 
Bloomfield, and Ivy Connor with only one teacher. 

In 1906, Prof. McCabe and the pupils gave a performance, 
"The Corner Store" which was a comedy drama of four acts. Ad- 
mission was 20 cents for the benefit of the school, which desired 
securing a piano. The cast consisted of E. L. McCabe, Warren 
Brewer, Paul Brewer, Earl Woolen, Joe Reese, James Grissom, 
Blanche Harper, Elsie Ray, Edna Prather. 

After consolidation of Cumberland County schools in 1948, and 
completion of Cumberland High building in 1952, the Toledo 
High School students went to Cumberland High. Elementary 
students continued here until 1967. At this time they also went to 
Cumberland in their new building. 

Toledo High and Elementary School 

After Toledo was closed it was sold to Burnham Neal who 
started Neal Tire Service, using the gym for storage and a portion 
of the school for office space. 

Down through the years we have had graduates from Toledo 
High school who have become doctors, lawyers, ministers and 
teachers and etc. who have greatly improved our county as a place 
to live. We appreciate the influence of each of them upon our lives 
and our families who live in the countv in 1991. 


Nora Bloomfield Trimble 
Iva Connor Strevey 
Ura Chapman 
Bertha Hanker Sparks 
Mary Shull Richardson 


Morton Brewer 


Henry D. Sparks 
Nannie Hall Rhodes 
Kate Connor Smith 
Leila Summerlin Saylor 
Mary Warner Willis 


Suma Hall 

Mary Snyder Casstevens 

Ethel Brewer Albin 


Walter Brewer 
Robert Hall 


R. C. Willis Jr. 
Nell Bloomfield Cahill 
Laura Cooter Burton 
Flora Mondy Hanson 



Ethel McPherson Rhoads 
Daisy Reynolds Queen 
Effie Deppen Prather 


Ivan Smith 
Anny Young White 
Mattie Young Ward 
Louise Everhart Brewer 


Susie Everhart Castelo 

Guy Castelo 

Walter Reeves 

Walter Bruns 

Cora Hughes McMorris 

Grace Clark Wells 


Lenora Dow 

Stella Greeson Gardner 

Mat Bloomfield 


Barlow Harper 
Clifford Young 
May Maxwell Hurst 
Josephine Greene 
Lottie Bloomfield Unger 


Zola Reed Baker 
Blanche Harper Janes 
Elsie Ray Davis 
Warren Brewer 
Artie White 
Ross Richardson 


Geo. S. Morris 
Will Niccum 
Grover Baichley 
Roxy K. Green Smith 
Pearl Davis Huffman 
Mae Woollen Ross 


Geo. S. Morris 
Minnie Everhart 
Irene Decius Smith 
Inez Grisamore Edwards 
Samuel Walker 
Thurman Holt 
Harley Shaw 
Raymond Ashwill 


Clara Ariens Snodgrass 
Mabel Prather Nunamaker 
Effie Richardson Rhoads 

Estella Grissom 
Elizabeth Wilson Gordon 
Lela Rhoads Ruffner 
Beulah Davis Green 
Irene Grisamore Bean 
Harley Ruffner 
Glenn Ruffner 
Orville Reals 
Ivan Moore 


Esther Bussard Trenton 
Guy Davis 
Ben Eggleston 
Oscar Grisamore 
Elwood Hughes 
Guy Moore 
Rena McAnally 
Mamie Tipsword 
Earl Wood 
Fred Woodard 
Stanley Glosser 
Phillip Everhart 
Susie Gentry 


Jennie Dow 
Charley Eggleston 
Lucille Jones 
Marie Keeran 

Madge Kelly 
Madeline Perry 
Fern Richardson 
Helen Streiff 
Allen Walker 
Hampton White 
Cecil Yanaway 


Grace Dow- 
Blanche Young 
Coen Holsapple 
Alvan Smith 
Goldie Russell 
Don Stephens 
George White 
Elwood Freeman 
Geraldine Jones 


Freide Streiff 
Minnie Heath 
Francis Ariens 
Virgil Armer 
Claud Butler 


Gladys Green 
Emma Mever 


Vivian Poe 
Mollie Shaw 
Wilma Simerly 


Lena Farr 
Ethel Russell 
Lucile Prather 
Hilda Simerly 
Grace Simerly 


Grace Wheeler 
Dorsa Duensing 
Inez Hillard 
Myra Richardson 
Minor Kingery 
Lawrence Russell 
Ophelia Jones 
Marinda Richardson 


Bernice Greathouse 
Carroll Willis 
John Wisley 
Guy Whicker 
Thelma Harris 


Paul Willis 
Jezza Deppen 
Madge Connor 
Flossie Elliott 
Lloyd Grisamore 
Charles Scott 
Madeline Rominger 
Ross Bracewell 


Ruth Clark 
Opal Fulfer 
Dessa Willis 
Dean Duensing 
Ronald Barger 
Delores Miller 
Opal Bussard 
Maudeline Scott 
Thursa Richardson 


Mabel Williams 
Butler Russell 
Forest Greathouse 
Beatrice White 
Kathryn Webb 
Naomi Mallinson 
Ella McGinnis 


Seybert Rominger 
Madge Thompson 
Pearl Cougill 
Opal Huffman 
John VanDyke 

Flossie Bean 
Hazel McGinnis 
Raymond Eggers 
Pearl Titus 
Marie Barger 


David Shupe 
Fred Greeson 
Forrest Ryan 
Gladys Ashwill 
Thelma Starks 
Esther Clark 
Wilma Heddin 
Grace Fern Tinsman 
Colonel Ray Southern 
Rankin Willis 


Ruth Connor 
Floyd Clark 
Logan Huffman 
Ruth Janes 
Bernice Moses 
Hazel Oakley 
Guy Oakley 
Kenneth Pennington 
Vora Stirewalt 
Vernon Shoot 
Gladys Stirewalt 
Grace Shupe 
Violet Willoughby 
Zelma Andrus 
Glen Neal 

Goldie Seeley 
Ruth Beals 
Harold Bean 
Ethel Brown 
Russell Cougill 
Millie Doyle 
Willard Johnson 
George Lovins 
Lee Ryan 
Mary Sparks 
Ernest Starks 
Kenneth Stewart 
John Schooley 
Alton Barker 
Charles Callahan 
Violet Butler 
Janette Neher 


Maria Barton 
Joseph Carrell 
Geraldine Croy 
Hester Croy 
Ruth Drum 
Edith Fogleman 
Howard Evans 
Mahlon Hillard 
Dorothy Jones 
Myrtle Johnson 

Irvin Keller 
Lloyd Light 
Thelma Martin 
Earl Oakley 
Bernice Park 
Chauncey Perry 
Fern Pinkard 
Clifford Queen 
Walter Rhodes 
Theodore Richardson 
Donald Whicker 
Ralph White 
Newell Willis 
Lucile Tanner 


Carl Grisamore 
Lloyd Pugh 
Earl Willoughby 
Raymond McElhiney 
Delores Stirewalt 
Ralph McCormick 
Luke Tippett 
Bessie Brown 
Eleanor Templeton 
Grace Sparks 
Garland Oakley 
Dora Lyster 
Nita Best 
Delores Oakley 
Clinton Keller 
Raymond Shoot 
Russell Brewer 
Golda King 
Mildred Ball 
Charles Baker 
Inez Hunsaker 
Donald Birdzell 
Eula Best 

Chauncey Kingery 
Christine Jones 
Richard Jayne 
Cecil Hall 
Paul St. John 
Harold Walker 
Blanche Jones 
Maudeline Stirewalt 
Leslie Drum 
May Cowan 
Dale Huffman 
Kathryn Connor 
Lester Oakley 
Eugene White 
Charley Marshall 
Raymond Gardner 
Dolita Janes 
Golda Hite 
Marie Easton 
Bernice Shafer 
Royal Van Tassel 
Lance Van Tassel 
Ruth Padrick 
Cleo Price 


Hamp Rodgers 
Hollys Rhodes 
William Scott 
Blanche Heath 
Leland Smith 
Claudia Hill 
Abner Scott 
Ermal Birdzell 
Wayne Light 
Louise Dobbs 
Olive Thompson 
Lewis Dobbs 
Eva Good 
Golden Flake 
Minnie Shupe 
Mildred Barger 
James Queen 
Delores Easton 


Charles Campbell 
Myrna Cougill 
Lowell Gordon 
Florence Rice 
Dale Grissom 
Ora Marshall 
Wayne Peters 
Hazel Carrell 
Donald Cutts 
Esther McCandlish 
Garold Keller 
Irene Ault 
Frieda Stirewalt 
Russell Walden 
Dessa Croy 
Elwin Miller 
Olive Greathouse 
Harry Hall 
Leo Shoot 
Lawrence Carrell 


Clema Stirewalt 
Esther Stark 
Scott Padrick 
Ralph Pennington 
Donald Icenogle 
Palmer Easton 
Millard Moses 
Maurine Reed 
Marion Sligar 
Maerene Oakley 
Hazel Icenogle 
Beulah Scott 
Chleo Phipps 
Mayme Florey 
Mildred McMorris 
Maudeline White 
Opal Rhodes 
Eleanor Janes 
Irene Woodard 


Lois Olmstead 
Marguerite Titus 
Viola Modrell 
Rena Oakley 
Mary Park 
Harlan Roberts 
Eldon Grissom 
Junior King 
Glenn Tippett 
Joe Janes 
Lois Light 
Theodore Swickard 
Berdina Easton 
Grace Wilson 
Vernon Keller 
Harold Hardwick 
Marjorie Huffman 
Mildred Cowan 
Everett Lichtenwalter 
Olive Beals 
Etheline Mills 
Ruby Hill 
Maxine Burge 
Mary Heath 
Wilma Birdzell 
Nellie Hardwick 


Dorothy Huffman 
Raymond Cutts 
Samuel Birdzell 
Norma Easton 
Juanita Brown 
Wanetta Templeton 
Mary Martha Grisam 
Lyle Marshall 
Lowell Massie 
Hazel Haskett 
Inez Hemingway 
Kenneth Neal 
Dorothy Scott 
Don Mills 
Harold Bowman 
Berlin Flake 
Aptha Flake 
Robert Titus 
Gaylon Seeley 
Robert Shaw 
Leona Rice 
Mack Johns 
Marjorie Harper 


Clara Johnson 
Emil Weellen 
Mildred Oakley 
Paul Ryan 
Genevieve Clark 
Walter Bowman 
Frances Weaver 
Rono Barger 
Eugene Stirewalt 
Ruby Mock 

Lora Figgins 

Harold Storm 

Helen Pattison 

Doomas Easton 

Lois Burton 

Nola Massie 

Irene Keller 

John Lichtenwalter 

Alma Olmstead Roberts 

Chester Russell 

Maxine Oakley 

Ivan Birdzell 

Lucille Cooley 

Donald Waldrip 


Charles Eggers 
Evelyn Arien 
Kenneth Strole 
Retha Elliott 
Henry Woolen 
Maida Heath 
Helen Parse 
Raymond Oakley 
Euris Roberts 
Alma Schnorf 
Fred Price 
Ralph Swickard 
Delores Eggers 
Cedric Storm 
Delbert Judson 
Carl Oakley 
Max Seeley 


Dorothy Mae Croy 
Jesse Easton 
Hazel Jaynes 
Thomas Brewer 
Aileen Oakley 
Harold Beaumont 
Mildred Gordon 
Richard Grissom 
Martha Kuhn 
Raymond Bean 
Dale Hetzer 
Twila Barger 
Esther Postlewaite 
Emerson Clark 
Norman Oakley 
Dorothy Titus 
Chalis Lichtenwalter 
John Olmstead 
Wilma White 
Kermit Easton 
Opal Brown 
John Clark 
Bonnie Oakley 


Evelyn Stark 
Lester Evans 
Merlene Barger 
John Mock 


Jean Eggleston 
Edsel Brown 
June Grissom 
Harold Shoot 
Bonnadell Bruster 
Fred St. John 
Marjorie Oakley 
Wayne Letner 
Mildred Evans 
Orval Rice 
Rex Storm 
William Shupe 
Eleanor Furry 
Harold Massie 
Ruby Andrus 
Dale Cline 
Betty Baker 
Letha Hetzer 
Billy Baker 
Leland Scott 
Lois Ariens 
Hershel Ariens 
Helen Holsapple 
Eloise Stark 
Lela Fay Gardner 
Norma Templeton 
Dorothy Ohmen 
Don Vermillion 


Byron Shields 
Evelyn Titus 
Guy Storm 
Paul Strater 
Edith Eggers 
Carolyn Sue Egglestc 
Grace Ingram 
Warren Holsapple 
Kenneth Quinn 
George Janes 
L. Dee Vanderhoof 
Mac Huffman 
Mary Greeson 
Hazel Coats 
Vera Thompson 
Harlan Dobbs 
Warren Pennington 
Walter Brewer 
Eloise Clark 
Parker Shields 
Doris Elaine Willis 
Juanita Letner 
Eleanor Titus 


Roy Birdzell 
Anna Mae Stewart 
Charles Treadway 
Maw Pennington 
Marjorie Gardner 
Vera Park 
Ivan Ingram 
Frida Heath 
Leland Ariens 

Catherine Pauline Huffman 
Eugene Hutchison 
Eleanor Icenogle 
Betty Jewel Miller 
Jean Mock 
Helen E. Reynolds 
Vill B. Snodgrass 
Helen L. Stanza 
Geraldine June Stewart 
Eleanor Jane Warner 
Alice L. Weemer 
William Olmstead 
Lloyd Steen 


Ruth St. John 
Harold Dobbs 
Virginia Gardner 
Wanda Lou Burton 
Robert Briggs 
Wanda Titus 
Jim Elder 
Madge Huffman 
Junior Knupp 
Louise Roberts 
Dorothy Zike 
Eleanor Ohmen 
Jack Bowles 
Doris Jean Huffman 
Wanda Brewster 
Onda Easton 
Ina Ruth Miller 
Joan Olmstead 

Mildred Olmstead 
Jean Ohmen 
Charles Luthe 
Lorraine Evans 
Jack Hall 
Pauline Strader 
Harold Barcus 
Scott Everhart 


Leo Carrell 
Lester Carrell 
Barbara Easton 
Jack Alexander 
Erma Titus 
Harry Hutton 
Iris Jenkins 
Jim Anderson 
Eleanor Gleming 
Ruth Birdzell 
Lela Miller 
Eugene Roberts 
Bill Elder 
Keith Bruster 
Jim Brewster 
Rosemary Ray 
Dora Lichtenwalter 
Helen Hallett 
Francis Kelso 

Margie Abel 
Junior Kinnaman 
Virginia Bowman 
Nola Douglas 
Kenneth Rice 
Burnham Neal 
Thelma Eggers 
Samuel Huskinson 


Herbert Hutchison 
Kathryn Shupe 
Max Phipps 
Dolores Kingery 
Carroll Cook 
Jane Titus 
Lloyd Hall 
Vera Massie 
Byron Brewer 
Dick White 
Tom Bean 
Golden Greeson 
Carl Willan 
Jean Ryan 

Martha Slickenmeyer 
Lualla Huisinga 
Norman White 
Donald Phipps 
Frank Greeson 

Winifred Lacy 
Bill Furry 
Norma Letner 
William Lichtenwalter 
Kathryn Shields 
Kenneth Connell 


Paul Hartman 
Mary Scott 
Lois Bowman 
Clarence Woods 
Donald Shoot 
Donald Stark 
Dollie Mumford 
Evelyn Stevenson 
Norma Titus 
John Cass Grissom 
Estella R. Grissom 
Charles Tinsman 
Leo Reals 
Betty McMahan 
Marion Gray 
Mildred Roberts 
Mary A. Oakley 
Berdina Scott 
Kenneth Carrell 
Evelyn Search 
Richard Lyons 

Lois Mock 
Ted Mullen 
Kenneth Van Scyoc 
George Campbell 
Doris Olmstead 


Blanche Wilkin 
Jean Rexer 
James Fletcher 
Maxine Gardner 
Catherine Cordes 
Ruth Lichtenwalter 
Betty Jean Seeley 
Lenna Bradshaw 
Jayne Duty 
Barbara Shields 
Rosemary Neal 
Max Bolin 
Geraldine Moses 
Charles Bartimus 
Donald Evans 


LaVearle Clark 
Robert Cutts 
Charlotte Drakeford 
Eloise Eggers 
Mary Grissom 


Lona Barger 
Max Gordon 
Margaret Furry 
Harry Titus 
Vera Jackson 
Dave Lichtenwalter 
Retha Titus 
Bill Grissom 
Louise McClellan 
Junior Clark 
Frances Greeson 
Bruce Janes 
Jo Anne Cutts 
Billy Greeson 
Armilla Carrell 
Dick Olmstead 
Norma Huffman 
Gene Snodgrass 
Evelyn Greeson 
Donald Greeson 
Irma Reynolds 
Kathleen Strong 
Bill Shepherd 
Evelyn Elliott 
Susan Shepherd 



Dorothy McCandlish 
Galen Lichtenwalter 
Carolyn Easton 
Madge Mock 
Donald Burton 
Aileen Moses 
John Elder 
Lois Eggers 
Don Kelly Clark 
Betty Starwalt 
Kenneth Stewart 
Ruth Ingram 
Ray Sowers 
Naomi Lee 
Marilyn Cordes 
Edna Carrell 
Nellie Jennings 
Betty Olmstead 
Brona White 
Hazel Soliday 
David Litchenwalter 
Pat Hill 

Dorothy Goodwin 
Joyce Clark 
Anita Bland 
Irma Bartlett 


Victor Stewart 
Bernard Elder 
Evelyn Hutton 
Phyllis Cordes 
Charlene Brown 
Roger Icenogle 
Harold Oakley 
Ralph Reed 
Elvia Tarble 
Susan Shepherd 
Thomas Elliott 
Kathryn Pattison 
Ruth Scholz 
Esther Titus 
Joe Roberts 
James Brewster 
Lorene Eggers 
Wanda Olmstead 
Gene Shoot 
Evelyn Icenogle 
Wilma Mitchell 
Chloris Roberts 


Merna Smith 
Pat Sherman 
Norma Clark 
Loretta Stierwalt 
Lola Titus 
Eddie French 
Waneta Armer 
Wanda Gray 
Gerald Holsapple 
Velma Tucker 
Hazel Harris 
Bill LaMasters 
Robert Stewart 
Marilyn Ferguson 
Ada Grissom 
James Easton 
Wayne Carrell 
Oma Ellen Oakley 
Pauline Whitaker 
Benny Sowers 
Robert Layton 
Mary Carpenter 
Carol Anthony 
Doyle Shupe 
Cecil Mooday 
Betty Stubblefield 
Dorothy Grissom 
Marion Burton 

Faculty ■ Toledo Elementary School - 1952-53 
Front row: Mrs. Pearl Connell, 1st grade; Mrs. Smith, Jr. High; Mrs. Bolin, 2nd- 
3rd grade; Mrs, Huffman, 2nd grade; Mrs. Thursa Lyons, 6th grade; Mrs. Lois 
Lashmet, 4th. Back row: Mrs. Craig, 5th grade; Mrs. Parretl, 6th grade; Clema 
Stierwalt, Jr., Jr. High; Mr. Glen VanBlaricum, Principal; Mr. Kenneth Winkler, 
Jr. High; Mrs. Wheatley, 3rd grade; Mrs. Karnes, 1st grade. 


Vote for consolidation of Cumberland County schools carried 
during 1948. The district was organized in 1949 with Theodore 
Cutright as president of the Board of Directors and Leroy Baker 
as superintendent. They were ready to name the school and de- 
cided on Cumberland, but what district number? Theodore sug- 
gested *77. He said this was Red Grange the Galloping Ghost 
football player's number. Red Grange played at the University of 
Illinois in the 1920s when Theodore attended. So it was named 
Cumberland Unit *77. 

A new high school building was occupied in December 1952, 
located on a 39-acre site along Route 121 between Greenup and 
Toledo. The estimated enrollment was 343 high school students. 
In 1992, the enrollment is 315. 

In May 1953, the first citizenship award was presented to a 
graduating senior from the Mae 0. Baker trust fund. This fund 
was established from the estate of the late Mae 0. Baker to be 
awarded yearly based on kindness, personality, cooperativeness, 
integrity and industry. 

The gymnasium was not completed until January 1953, allow- 
ing only one game to be played that year. On December 7, 1974, 
the gymnasium was dedicated to Coach Wm. Waldrip and named 
Waldrip Gymnasium. He had been a basketball coach and teacher 
for several years in the Greenup High School. 

Sports offered in 1992 are football, volleyball, cross-country, 
boys and girls basketball, wrestling, boys and girls track, baseball 
and Softball. 


In 1967, an elementary building was completed west of the high 
school building on the same 39-acre site. 

All the students at the elementary centers were bused to this 
point for their 1967-68 school year in the new building with enroll- 
ment of 888 students. 

It is equipped with a library, cafeteria, gymnasium and plenty 
of classrooms to accommodate kindergarten through junior high. 

In 1992, band, chorus and special education are offered. 
Baseball, Softball, basketball, volleyball, boys and girls track are 
offered as sports. Enrollment at this time is 839. 

Cumberland HikI, bcliuul - 1992 

Cumberland Elementary School • 1992 



Front: John Ewarl and Terry Strain. Second: Howard McClain, Howard Ewart, 
Lloyd Eggers, Charles Ingram, Jim Strain and Coach Wm. Waldrip. Third: Dick 
Bancroft, Charles Cordes and Dick Redfern. 

This team were E.I. League champs, E.I. Tourney, Cumberland Holiday 
Tourney, Mattoon Regional and Olney Sectional champions, representing Eastern 
Illinois in the Illinois State Finals. They won 30 and lost three. 

On October 9, 1978, the Raiderettes took second place honors in the state soft- 
ball tournament. Members of the team pictured are, top row: Mrs. Robbins, 
Michelle Sedgwick, Anita Button, Lori Blade, Wendy Tippett, Julia Green, Lisa 
Houser. Bottom row: Dinah Holsapple, Micky Biggs, Amy Carpenter, Shelley 
Houser, Bobbin James and Julia Croy. 

^j Mio liK M* ^' 

Cumberland High School Band - 1954; First row: Nancy McCormick, Lois 
Goldsmith, Patty Baker, Tommy McMillan, Rita Fay Morgan, Bart Alumbaugh, 
Patty Kelly, Camelia Shofner, Elaine Kirk, Evelyn Padrick, Susan Brandenburg, 
Donna McCandlish; Second row: Martha Arnett, Donna Mosier, Shirley Titus, Bar- 
bara Markwell, Leah Abendroth, Russell Carlen, Larry McKinley, Kathleen 

Sowers, Linda Peters. Joanne Huffman. Gary Peters, Bob Olmstead. Lynn Miller. 
Terry Rhodes, Eddie Bean, Clark Flake, Gary Grissom, Jim Carpenter; Standing: 
Jewell Davidson, Judy Roberts, Larry Hatfield, Jim Rominger, Carl Bowman, 
Peter Barth, Jay Hayden, Jo Ozier, Mr. Vic Wilson (instructor); Back row-: Bob Hill 
and Jay Wilson. 


In the early 1930s, Charles Barkley and Victor Burnett ran a 
bus line to serve the area to Casey High School. Their route 
started at Hazel Dell going west to sometimes as far as Mt. Zion 
(Block) Church and going down at Little Brown School to Point 
Pleasant Corner, then east on Advance Road to Route 49 and 
south to Yale, then all the way north on Route 49, picking up 
students all the way with several riding from the six-mile curve 
south of Casey. This bus was in operation until the mid-40s. 

Students paid by the week $1.25 for each. At first they ran it 
themselves, later incorporated as part of Cumberland Coaches. 
Submitted by Patricia Calvert 

Bus served area south of Casey to Casey High School. Taken in 1940 on the last 
day of school at Twin Lakes, Paris, Illinois. 



In 1900, the principal source of income for Cumberland County 
was agriculture, and, believe it or not, it is still the principal 
source of income in 1990. Cumberland County is one of seven 
counties in Illinois where this is so. The changes that have occur- 
red in the 90-plus year period are not only technologically related, 
but culturally as well. 

According to data acquired from the Illinois Agricultural 
Statistic Service, there were roughly 49,000 acres of corn 
harvested in 1910. And amazingly enough, only 59,000 in 1990. At 
first one would think this has to be a gross error, especially when 
one realized that the majority of the corn harvested in 1910 was 
done so by hand into horse-drawn wagons. However, upon further 
review of the statistics, one sees that no estimate for soybean pro- 
duction can be found for 1910 whereas 67,000 acres of soybeans 
were harvested in 1990. The wheat crop in 1910 in Cumberland 
County was estimated at 9,000 acres showing a growth over the 90 
years to an estimated 14,000 in 1990. The crops mentioned so far 
have shown a substantial increase in the amount of acres pro- 
duced during the 90-year period. The two exceptions to the above 
are oats and hay. In 1910, a total of 13,000 acres of oats were 
harvested and only 300 acres in 1990. 38,000 acres of hay were 
harvested in 1910 while only 5,400 acres of hay were harvested in 

For those who do not have an understanding of agriculture, a 
brief explanation of the above should be given. Corn was and is a 
primary crop for Cumberland County. Although the number of 
acres is not drastically different between 1910 and 1990, the 
amount of grain produced would be quite dramatic. The statistics 
available for yields only go back to 1945. The Cumberland County 
average for corn in 1945 was 33 bushels whereas the average for 
1990 was 129 bushels per acre. Much of this increase in yield can 
be attributed to improved seed varieties, better fertilizer 
materials and understanding of such and improved cultural prac- 

Soybeans was a non-existent crop in the early 1900s in 
Cumberland County. However, in 1990, the acreage dedicated to 
soybeans exceeded those acres planted to corn. The average yield 
for soybeans in 1945 was 16 bushels per acre and increased to 39 
bushels in 1990. As with corn, much of this increase in yield can 
be attributed to improved varieties, better fertilizer materials and 
understanding of such, improved cultural practices, and the 
development of markets and products. 

The average yield for wheat in 1945 was 19 bushels per acre 
compared to 56 bushels per acre in 1990. Once again the increase 
in yield is due to the facts mentioned above with the previous two 

While there were 13,000-plus acres of oats produced in 1910, 
there were only 300 acres produced in 1990. The average yield for 
oats in 1945 was 23 bushels per acre while the most recent re- 
corded average for oats is 1981 at 52 bushels per acre. Hay 
acreage went from 38,000 in 1910 to 5,400 in 1990, with an 
average yield in 1945 of 1.25 ton per acre and a 3.5 ton per acre 
average yield in 1990. 

One can readily see that oats and hay production dropped in 
popularity during the past 90 years even though the farmer's 
ability to produce more per acre increased. The principal reason 
for this fact is that the primary source of power at the beginning 
of the century for the industry of agriculture was horses and 
mules. Thus the primary source of energy was oats and hay. As 
most are aware, the primary source of power in agriculture today 
is the diesel or gasoline engine. Therefore, the need for oat and 
hay production no longer exists. 

Some crops that I have not mentioned above that have been of 
significant importance to Cumberland County in the past are 
broom corn and red top. Statistical data for these two crops is 
almost non-existent. Broom corn and red top both were of signifi- 
cant importance to the farmers of Cumberland County and sur- 
rounding areas due to their ability to generate substantial profit. 
Broom corn, of course, was used in its finished state for the con- 
struction of natural brooms. As the cost of labor increased from 
1940 on, the margin of profit involved in broom corn drastically 
decreased. Thus, broom corn is now non-existent as a cash crop in 
the midwest. Red top was raised primarily for the seed which was 
sold to be processed to create red dye. The remaining residue, red 
top hay, was then fed to the tremendous amount of 
livestock — horses, cows, and sheep — that existed during the first 
half of the 20th century. 

Now that one has an understanding of the major changes that 
occurred in the crops areas over the past 100 years, information 
regarding livestock numbers of that same span of time seems 
necessary. An estimated 35.5 thousand head of hogs and pigs ex- 
isted in Cumberland County in 1990, compared to 19,000 in 1910. 
The highest population of swine in Cumberland County existed in 
1980 at 54.5 thousand head. 

The Adam Sehi farm in the Roslyn area around 1900 ■ Alice (McElhiney) and Adam Sehi 


HP"' ^M^B^F^M 

^HI^^Hi '^^k, i^^^Kf^^ 

Cattle numbers are basically unchanged from 1910 up till 1990. 
An estimate of 10,800 head was made for 1910 and 11,400 for 
1990. It is difficult to know just what ratio of beef cattle to dairy 
cattle the above figures represent. As one can see, the numbers of 
hogs and cattle have either increased or stayed stable through the 
past 100 years, whereas, numbers for sheep, horses and mules 
have seen some drastic declines. In 1910, an estimated population 
of 4,000 head of sheep existed in Cumberland County. The most 
recent estimate for sheep populations in 1980, indicating 600 

The specie of livestock that changed the most drastically in 
numbers is, of course, horses and mules. In 1925, there was 
roughly 7,000 head of such animals in Cumberland County, 
whereas in 1987, only 325 head of horses and mules existed. A 
very marked change in horse population occurred shortly after 
World War II. In 1945, the estimated population of horses and 
mules in Cumberland County was 2,800 head. Just ten years later 
that population had been reduced to 500 head. This was promp- 
ted, of course, by the mechanization of the agricultural industry. 
The internal combustion engine, whether stationary or on wheels, 
replaced the horse and mule as the principal source of power on 
the farm. As horses, mules and sheep declined in great numbers, the 
need for large acreages of hay and oats disappeared. Those acres 
once utilized to produce hay and oats and pasture were converted 
to producing soybeans, winter wheat and additional corn. 

Regretfully, complete information regarding number of farms 
and the approximate size of such during the last 100 years was 
unavailable. However, data available during the mid-70s is fairly 
indicative of the trend that occurred during the past 100 years. Of 
all farms in Cumberland County in 1974, there were no farms over 
2,000 acres in size. There were seven farms ranging from 1,000 to 
1,999 acres and these represented one percent of the total farms 
in the county. Four years later, that number had risen to 1 1 farms. 
Farms ranging in size from 500 to 999 acres were recorded at 80 
for 1974 and increasing to 89 in 1978. These represented ten per- 
cent of the total farms in the county. Farm sizes ranging from 180 
to 499 acres were recorded at 293 in 1974 and diminishing to 279 
four years later in 1978, representing 31 percent of the total 
farms. 365 farmsteads ranging from 50 to 179 acres were recorded 
in 1974 reducing to 286 four years later representing 32 percent 
of the total farms. Those farms ranging from 10 to 49 acres chang- 
ed insignificantly in the four-year span of time and represented 24 
percent of the total farms in the county. Farmsteads under ten 

acres in size represented three percent of the total number of 
farms and changed insignificantly from 1974 to 1978. One can see 
from observing the above data that farms grew larger in size with 
the number of total farmsteads becoming less as the years progress- 
ed. This trend began as early as 1920 and has continued to pro- 
gress through the years. 

The current estimated U. S. population places total farmers a 
mere two and one-half to three percent of the entire population. 
The changes that have occurred and that have been noted here 
are typical for most of the crop producing counties in Illinois. As 
stated earlier, Cumberland County is one of seven counties that is 
considered reliant upon agriculture production of the total 102 
counties in the state. 

The eastern and western sections of the county are mainly 
prairie while the central part, the Embarrass River valley, con- 
tains the county's principal timberland. The productivity of the 
prairie land, estimated at 65 percent of the county farmland, has 
been drastically increased over the past 100 years. Soil conserva- 
tion, improved farm management practices, technological and 
mechanical improvements are the primary reasons for the ad- 
vances in productivity. Soybeans, corn and wheat are now the 
principal crops being grown. As mentioned previously, crops of 
past importance, hay, red top and broom corn, are now a thing of 
the past. At one time, Neoga was known as the "Hay Capitol of 
the World" because of the large quantities of hay raised and ship- 
ped from there and Greenup was once recognized as one of the 
largest broom corn centers in the country. 

Though the changes that have occurred in agriculture have 
been dramatic, the old adage that states, "The more things 
change, the more they stay the same," holds true in Cumberland 
County's case. J. H. Battle wrote as follows, "Cumberland County 
is strictly an agricultural county though possessed of good water, 
power, and timber and is situated within the region of the cold 
measures. Manufacturing interests have not yet assumed any par- 
ticular importance here and beyond the few mills that local 
necessity demands, manufacturing enterprises have received little 
encouragement. The chief resource of the county is its soil." 
These statements were made in the History of Cumberland 
County published in 1884. Mr. Battle's statement was true when it 
was written and seems to be still true yet today, over 100 years 

Submitted by Don 0. Frederick, Grain Elevator Manager, Eff- 
ingham - Clay F. S. 


That Cumberland County, though small, has a great oil field is 
not generally known to the world. It is a fact, nevertheless, that 
within the borders of Union Township, the northeastern corner 
township of this county, there is an oil pool whose area is about 
four by four and one-half miles square and which territory has 
now 233 producing wells and more are being brought in every 
week and it would not be surprising should there be a total of 
1,000 oil wells in this pool within the next year. 

The apparent reason for this county's failure to be credited 
with oil seems to be because the field is located not far from the 
eastern line of the county, only a few miles from Casey, which 
town is about one and one-half miles east of the Cumberland 
County line and a pipe line has been laid to Casey and the Union 
Township oil is pumped to near that place and thus Clark County- 
and Casey are credited with the oil production. Casey, from its 
location near the Union and Westfield pools and upon the Van- 
dalia Railroad, has reaped enormous benefits from the finds and 
has quite a boom, but the finding of oil in Union Township is that 
which made Casey the established center. 


We do not envy our neighbor's good fortune, but only hope the 
next few months may place us in an oil field. Casey, before the oil 
boom, was a dead one, but she has a new life now. We do not seek 
to take any of the laurels from her brow, but are only insisting that 
the world know that Cumberland County has one of the greatest 
oil pools in the world. The Beaumont, Texas, oil field has only 225 
acres while Union Township has over four square miles. Union 
Township farmers who are in the oil pool are getting rich quick, 
cashing their monthly checks for several hundred dollars and 
their prosperity is making people oil crazy. 

In order that all may know the extent of the development of the 
field in this county, we secured from our Vevay Park correspon- 
dent, who is very reliable person, statistics of the producing wells. 
The field is located just north of Vevay and the gentleman who 
sends the information has opportunities for knowing and his in- 
vestigations are given below (listed first are names and then 
number of wells): 

Clark Cochonour - 19, Scott Emrich ■ 19, L. Dunn - 17, Taylor 
Emrich - 29, Hays - 6, Will Miller - 4, L. Larue - 5, Otis Collins - 1, 


Suffle - 2, Smoyer - 4, Sam Black - 1, Wyat Woods - 2, Will Black - 
2, D. Chrysler - 4, 0. Owens - 3, Wm. Chrysler - 9, A. L. Chrysler - 
9, Mrs. Kite - 3, Mrs. Sanford - 3, Charlie Queen - 9, H. Middleton 
- 12, Clark Lacey - 6, Amos Lacey - 2, Wm. Jacobs - 2, Goodman 
Bros. - 16, Frank Walker - 6, Chrysler Bros. - 5, Frank Lacey - 3, 
Amos Redman - 4, Hayworth Bros. - 18, Mrs. Underwood - 8, J. 
Gardner - 17, W. M. Woodburn - 12, Mrs. Sidwell - 10, I. 
Strockbine - 2, Mrs. Miller - 1, Munsey - 1, M. S. Stultz - 21, Eli 
Hann - 1, H. Middleton - 9, Mr. Hayworth - 1 1, Mrs. Rimmerman - 
2, H. Howe - 3, S. Rooks - 3, Gossett - 2, Mrs. Kilburn - 2, Long 

Point Chapel - 3, Total number of wells - 233. 

As my time was limited, it was impossible to obtain anything ac- 
curate about the production. It is thought that a tank a week is a 
fair estimate. 

Last month L. Dunn received 81,500; Charley Queen, $435; 
Clark Lacey, 8484; Eli Haun, $85; he has only one well. Taylor 
Emrich has the most productive farm. 

This list only includes wells that are completed. There are a 
number more to come in this week. 

From July 1906 newspaper clipping 

Eff-nKham CO. '^v 


These small villages and post offices have existed, but their 
locations are unknown. 

Bowen P.O. established February 14, 1841, discontinued 
August 1, 1841; Cedron Post Office established October 21, 1852, 
discontinued April 25, 1856; Onward Post Office established Oc- 
tober 24, 1887, discontinued December 5, 1887; Paoli Post Office 
established September 6, 1892, discontinued June 20, 1895; 
Towertown Post Office established Mar. 24, 1852, discontinued 
October 21, 1856.; Norviel RFD Toledo - southeast of Toledo. 

Ref: "Counties of Illinois - Their Origins and Evolution," com- 
piled and published by Paul Powell, Secretary of State. 

Postmaster Rufus Carrell, Paul Carr, Dick Hayden and Gene Matteson the last 
day at the Old Greenup Post Office on South Kentucky St., 1969 




(Originally established in Coles County) 


Alexander H. Lathrop Postmaster II/05/I834 

James Ewart Postmaster 05/03/1836 

(Changed to Cumberland County on July 19, 1845) 

Daniel C. Decius 
Sylvester W. Huffent 
Allison C. Poorman 
Charles Nisewanger 
Charles McKnight 
Charles Nisewanger 
Reuben Bloomfield 
Clark C. Starkweather 
Gesham Monohan 
Mrs. Lucy LaDow 
Charles Nisewanger 
Adoniram J. Ewart 
Dewitt C. Robertson 
James M. King 
R. T. Coliver 
William H. McDonald 
William 0. Denman 
Shannon Wilson 
Dewitt C. Robertson 
Miss Ida M. Robertson 
Jesse B. Bell 
George G. Monohon 
Joseph G. Greeson 
James N. Nunamaker 
William H. Rodebaugh 
Peter H. Conzet 
Loren C. Bowman 
Charles W. Sampson 
Lawrence L. McMorris 
Lawrence L. McMorris 
Carl H. Bland 
Rufus A. Carrell 
Loren C. Bowman 
Loren C. Bowman 
Dean F. Fasig 
Richard C. Hayden 
Dean F. Fasig 
David L. Owen 
Keith A. Fear 
Ronald D. Kesterson 



Acting Postmaster 06/15/1932 
Postmaster 05/29/1935 

Acting Postmaster 12/18/1936 
Postmaster 05/07/1937 

Acting Postmaster 06/15/1941 
Postmaster 05/28/1942 

Acting Postmaster 04/30/1958 
Postmaster 05/31/1960 

Officer-In-Charge 05/28/1971 
Postmaster 07/31/1971 

Officer-In-Charge 05/18/1979 
Postmaster 03/08/1980 

Officer-In-Charge 11/30/1990 
Postmaster 04/20/1991 


The village of Greenup established its town around the old Bar- 
bour Inn. With its demise Monday, October 30, 1972, many 
citizens interested in historical lore were reluctant to see the 
141-year-old landmark go. 

Viewers reminisced about the days when Concord Coaches, 
drawn by six horses covering ten miles per hour, stopped to pick 
up passengers at the old roadside tavern and inn. 

Many fascinating stories are told concerning the celebrated 
stagecoach stop on the old Cumberland Trail. According to tradi- 
tion, when Tom and Sarah Bush Lincoln's 13-member family 
group left their Indiana home in 1830, the caravan traveled via 
the Palestine Road and made their overnight encampment near- 
by. At one time 21-year-old Abe offered his services to assist a 

group of men building a well of native rock on the northeast cor- 
ner of the premises. 


Conzet House • Historical Hotel, Cumberland and Mill Streets 

Lee and Isa Winnett standing in front of the famous landmark, now torn down 
to make way for a parking lot. 

According to an old guest registry, Lincoln was a visitor at the 
hotel on several occasions. He gave a campaign speech, when run- 
ning for state office, under a poplar tree on the old Ely place 
which adjoins the hotel site on the south. 

Hitching posts along the street, as well as a horse watering 
trough under the pump at the historic well, were a necessity. 


Lee Winnett standing beside one of the beds that furnished a good night's rest. 
Legend has it that Abraham Lincoln slept here. 

Antiques displayed in the old hotel dining room 

An old rocker that once was part of the furnishings of one of the rooms 

Old wallpaper in room four, removed in redecorating, turned 
up the Crayola markings of an autograph reading: "Hall — 1857," 
thought to be a relative of Lincoln's. 

Old-timers claim it was a stage stop as early as 1815. The 
destruction of the building, felled by the machinery of modern 
man, is called progress. The memory left of the old Barbour Inn 
within its walls is called history. 


In 1853 a group of Master Masons in and around Greenup saw 
the opportunity and necessity of forming a Masonic Lodge in this 
area. They petitioned the Grand Lodge of Illinois and on October 
3, 1853, a group of nine received the charter for Greenup Lodge 
#125 A.F. & A.M. These charter members were as follows: Thomas 
Coulson, S. W. Huffcut, Charles Nisewanger, A. K. Bosworth, S. 
W. Quinn, E. Talbott, M. Ruffner, John Grayson and John Arm- 
strong. Little is known now of these men. At least three were from 
Ohio as were many of the area's early settlers. Whatever lodges 
these Master Masons were originally from, their desire to meet 
and hold Masonic fellowship resulted in the formation of Greenup 
Lodge #125. The number 125 signifies that it was the 125th lodge 
chartered in the state of Illinois. As a result of merger and con- 
solidation, Greenup Lodge is now the 95th oldest of almost 700 
lodges in the state. 

Being the first lodge chartered in the county, Greenup Lodge 
has furthered Masonry by recommending and helping institute 
Prairie City Lodge #578, Hazel Dell Lodge #580 and Toledo 
Lodge #834. Records show that the lodge contributed not only to 
the George Washington Memorial, but the Chicago Relief Fund 
from the fire of 1871 and the Pennsylvania flood victims in 1889. 
The lodge has over the years greatly contributed to the relief of 
many distressed brother Master Masons, their widows and or- 
phans. Some of the recent projects of the lodge have been the 
sponsorship of a Scholastic Bowl team, the annual blood drive, 
assistance to the Desert Storm support group and to the P.A.T. 
group for community preservation and improvement. 


Around the year 1866, Lemuel Leggett, one of Greenup's 
pioneer settlers, in prospecting for oil four blocks north of the 
public square, struck an artesian well at a depth of 670 feet in 
solid ledges of pure white sandstone, 80 feet thick. 

This spring continued to flow from its underground cavern for 
80 years, until the late 1940s. 

The site of the springs and its adjoining properties is due east 
of the Embarrass River bridge on Route 121 and runs parallel, on 
the south, of new 1-70. 

In addition to being shipped to distilleries in barrels, the 
mineral water was sold in one-gallon bottles and five-gallon jugs, 
called demi-johns. Many householders had these wicker, swivel 
frames which held the bottles and would tilt for easy pouring into 
a glass. Some of the larger wooden shipping casings were con- 
structed in this manner. The water was delivered in spring wagons 
and regular home-delivery routes were established. Downtown 
stores stocked the "soda water" which could be purchased plain 
or charged with gas. 

Mineral Water Bottling Factory 


Greenup became known for a second mineral well springs, 
discovered in much the same manner in the late 1900s. Though it 
did not receive the nation-wide attention of the first, it was pro- 
moted and sold by local owners and known as Lyon's Mineral 
Water Company. A concrete block building was constructed and 
featured tubs in which patrons could take health baths. 

Most agreed its taste was saltier than that of the first springs, 
but it quenched the thirst of many weary travelers as its location 
was on the Old National Trail (or old Route 40) across from the 
Cumberland County Fairgrounds. 

Greenup Log Cabin Inn 

A tourist lodge and log cabins were established, a wishing well 
style fountain erected around the mineral water pipe, and it was 
the motel of its day. Known later as the Casa Loma, it became a 
popular nightclub in the early 1930s. 


Preparing the National Road for paving through Greenup. Bob Wade, John 
Benson and Harve Brooks. 


Before I returned to Florida prior to our retirement in Arkan- 
sas, Mr. Cutright was very courteous in allowing me to "pick his 
brain" regarding Old Route 130 between Charleston and 
Greenup. Mr. Cutright traversed Old Route 130 many a time via 
horseback in order to visit his sister while they were attending 
Eastern Illinois State Teachers College (now Eastern Illinois 

The original Route 130, prior to being paved, went due south 
from Route 16 at Charleston, Illinois, and on due south past 
Wrightsville to a "T" road. Then, turn east to just north of 
present-day Route 130 where the old Route 130 curved, crossed 
the bridge, and came up over the hill to the Five-Mile House. You 
can still turn off today's Route 130 and travel a fraction of the old 
road. Watch though as it surely does have some "square" curves. 

Note: Per the research of Ruth Tippett the Five-Mile House was at 
one time a stagecoach stop. 

Old Route 130 again continued due south to the Hurricane 
Church, then on due west to Diona and again due south from the 
center of Diona (Dogtown) past where Nancy and Tad Hutton cur- 
rently reside. 

Now, go back east to Bill Jones' place — I reckon, about a 
quarter of a mile. Here you will pick up today's Route 130. Go 
south to the Union Center Road, then east to Jack Oak Church 
and again south for about one mile to where Caleb Decker lived. 
From there go west to where Everett Decker lives now. (This is 
across today's 130 to the road that runs by Everett Decker.) 

Go due south to the Timothy Road, then east to Timothy, then 
south to the first road west, and then west past where Susie 
Callahan lives. Originally, Cliff Carr lived there plus — at one 
time — a sawmill was there. Continue on for about another one- 
quarter of a mile (total of about one-half mile) to Molasses Mill 
corner. (This is Sportsman's Club Road today.) 

Proceed south about one-quarter of a mile then section line jogs 
for about five rod toward the west and then south past the white 
house the west side of today's 130 until you are about half-way 
down the hill. This is where the Hard Scrabble Schoolhouse was. 
The old bridge over Lost Creek is just west of the current bridge 
across Lost Creek. 

Continue across the bottom land to where today you go up over 
the hill. The old road angled around the hill past where Bill Jobe 
lives now. (This is another part of the old road that you can still 
drive.) Continue due south to the Cutright Hatchery where the 
horse barn and trailer are now. 

Start anglin' southwest to about where Marietta Street in 
Greenup is today. This is also near the present-day nursing home. 

Today's Route 130 was built between 1933 and 1936, using 
horses. Per Mr. Cutright, the hard work killed a lot of horses. 

Submitted by Glenna Ruth Tippett Mullen after interviewing 
A. B. Cutright on June 3, 1991 


Greenup held an "Electric Light Jubilee" on November 16, 
1899. It was hailed as a "howling success with a tin horn accom- 
paniment!" Over 3,000 people gathered to witness the turning on 
of the lights. 

Lights came to Greenup in the summer of 1899. Village employees set poles and 

strung wire. Note the wooden water tower. 



There's a pretty little village with its hills and mineral wells 
And the river running 'round the lower rim 
And to me 'tis dearer far than the cities grand and great 
It's my birthplace and the home of friends and kin. 

Greenup on the Ambraw, I love you 
You're a grand old town and I'm for you, 
I've been in many towns but they're not like you 
Greenup on the Ambraw — I love you. 

There's the city park so handy with its benches, trees and flowers 
Where old friends can gather at the close of day 
And the school so very near where the children go each day 
And the highway with tourists on their way. 

Greenup on the Ambraw, I love you 
You're the only home I ever knew 
Childhood friends and schoolmates all so true, 
Greenup on the Ambraw — I love you. 

Let me sing again the praise of the town I love so well 
Where old friends I meet all greet me with a smile, 
The dear faces that I meet and the cheery words they speak 
Are the things that make this living worth the while. 

Greenup on the Ambraw, I love you 

Anywhere I roam, I long for you 

I will sing your praise 

My whole life through, 

Greenup on the Ambraw — I love you. 

—Written by Gladys (Cook) Walker of Greenup, 1942 

Gladys Cook, a Greenup resident 


In 1903 Andrew Carnegie made the offer to give absolutely free 
the building for a public library to any city, town or village fur- 
nishing a suitable site for the building and voting an adequate tax 
to maintain the library. 

Librarians: Stella Underwood, Dawn Leggett Ormsby, Mattie 
Freeman, Bonnie Kelly, Lydia Hiles, Reva Holsapple and Lena 

The library presently houses nearly 14,000 books, plus a thou- 
sand or more paperbacks. 

Public Library, 
Greenup, Illinois 


Frank James^ G)ntract. 

Tliia a>:iofment made and eutcicd iiuo l)y ;ind l)et\vL>on Tlie 
('.iiMMUip Cuinliijiluud County Fuir A?!soci;Uion, (Jreeiui)>. 111., 
i):iily of the lii--it, pail, and Frank .fames, of tlieCity of St,. Louis, 
Nlisdonri, party of U\e second part. 

Witnosseth: That fur and in c.onsideralion of the sum of 
Ono Tlundrod and Twenty (*120| Dollars, said party of tin- second 
l>art hnrchy covenants to -jive his sorvicos unto the party of the 
liist part as a Kaoe Horse Startor upon the race course ouiiccj, 
and operated liy the paity of the first part at Grceuni>, (.•^lm^/er- 
lanil County, Illinois, upon the foUowinij davs, to-wil: Sopleni- 
hor .3, (i, 7, S, (Tifih. Si.'ith. Seventh and i:i^iith) I'iOl). t'arty of 
the lirst part hinds itself lier(d)y to pay unto party of the soonnd 
part, innncdiatoly at the close of said ftacc Mecthi-j, the aminint 
before niRalidiied. without discount oi- deductions of any ua- 
lurn whatsoever. 

Witness our hands and seals this l-"ithday of .Tune, l!ii«>. We. 
the undcrsi^fnod ollicers of the (Ireeuup Cumberland Cnniln'rland 
Countv Fail- .\s?-ociatiou. 


.f. H. WAKII. 
rresidout The Ciccnup Cumbei laud County Fair Association. 

" H. R CASH. 
Secretary The (_lroenup Cumberland County Fair Association. 

F.H SlMOWAirr. 
Treasurer The (ireenup Cumberland Counly Fair Association. 

S. H. KAllinKN, 

( . c. i,ix:(;ktt. 

.1. A. [J. KWAIVr, 
.K)H.\ (JARSON, 
.1. I'. IN'SKFFP, 
Directors The Creenup Cumberland County Fair As.soci,ition. 
\Ve >,'uarantee the payment of the above mentioned $l:I(i.(iO: 

PF,(nn.i;s hank of .tab. s. tl'un'ku .*c sons. 


A contract between Frank James and the Cumberland County Fair Association. 
He was to be the starter for the horse races there. 

little old lady in a fur-collared coat, who was found abandoned 
Sunday night in the Oak Forest infirmary for the indigent aged, 
was identified yesterday, through the persistence of a Tribune 
reporter, as a woman who had been missing 24 years and has been 
declared legally dead. 

Supt. Frank Venecek found the woman, about 80 years old, 
mumbling in a washroom more than two hours after visitors left. 
He reported to the county police at Homewood that she had been 
abandoned by persons who visited the institution Sunday. Italian, 
Polish and French interpreters attempted to talk to her, but she 
could not understand them. 

Her clothes were clean but stripped of labels and other possible 
means of identification. In her purse was a pair of black gloves, 35 
cents, two packages of tobacco and some cigarette papers. 

DECLARED DEAD BY COURT - William S. Bennett, a 
reporter for the Tribune, attended the questioning by police. The 
name she gave them sounded like Dorothy Irons or Dorothy 
Ahrens, and the only other words that were intelligble were farm, 
chickens and Greenup! 

The reporter called Greenup and talked with Deputy Sheriff 
Thomas Callahan who examined county records of missing per- 
sons and said that a Miss Dora Allen of that county disappeared 
September 10, 1920, from the Illinois state hospital at Kankakee. 
State police said she afterwards was declared dead by court order. 
Bennett found that Miss Allen had been 52 years old when she 
had been taken to Kankakee January 9, 1918, by her brother-in- 
law Michael Dillier of Greenup. The hospital had not heard from 
her since she had escaped. Records disclosed that her right ankle 

was injured and that she was pigeon-toed as a result of meningitis 
when she was one year old. 

Bennett and Supt. Venecek found the woman was pigeon-toed 
and her right ankle had been injured. The woman was sleeping 
lightly when the reporter knelt beside her bed and touched her 
arm. "Don't you remember me?" he asked. She shook her head. 
"Remember your sisters, Mrs. Bert Travis, Mrs. Mike Dillier and 
Mrs. Kelly who live in Greenup?" Bennett said. "You used to live 
there too, Dora. Remember?" 

The woman's face brightened and she clasped Bennett's two 
wrists and sobbed as if she had found a friend from home. 

Members of the missing Miss Allen's family were notified. "If 
this is Miss Allen," said Supt. Venecek, "where has she been 

since 1920, and who brought her so secretly to Oak Forest?" 


This article was found in Louisa Holsapple's scrapbook. It was 

dated 1944 and presumably was in the Chicago Tribune. 


Greenup Press, June 1, 1950, Dora Allen, daughter of Charles 
and Rachael Allen, born August 27, 1866, near Greenup, passed 
away at Kankakee, Illinois, May 25, 1950, at the age of 83 years. 
She leaves three sisters: Mrs. Laura Dillier and Mrs. Nora Kelly of 
Greenup, and Mrs. OUie Wade of Carlyle, Illinois; one brother, 
Charley Allen of East St. Louis, Illinois; a number of other 
relatives and a host of friends. Services were held Saturday, May 
27, at 2:30 p.m. at Bishop Funeral Home by the Rev. W. E. Catey. 
Burial was in the Hazel Dell Cemetery. 

Submitted by Jacqueline S. Carver 


Denver Darling, the son of Luel and Nora Jill Jones (Wellbaum) 
Darling, was born in Waupock, Illinois, a small settlement south 
of Greenup, on April 6, 1909. His mother was a widow with two 
children, Iva Wellbaum (Mrs. Raymond Kuhn, Jewett) and Oscar 
Wellbaum, when she married Luel on October 6, 1907, and 
Denver was the only child born to them. 

Oscar Wellbaum, Denver sitting on his father Luel's lap, Iva Wellbaum (Kuhn) 
and Denver's mother, Nora Jill Darling 

Shortly after World War I the family moved to Jewett, Illinois, 
and it was there that the boy's interest in music was aroused. In 
1929 he landed his first professional job as a performer on 
WBOW, Terre Haute, Indiana. Also employed by the same station 
was another young singer by the name of Burl Ives who was born 

and raised south of Greenup in Hunt City, Jasper County. Burl 
and Denver did not perform together, but they did compete for 
the affections of a young lady — and Denver won. In 1931, two 
years after coming to Terre Huate, on October 6, Darling married 
Garnett Tucker who was born in Cory, Indiana. This union proved 
to be a lasting one that ended only with Denver's death 50 years 

Garnett and Denver 
answering fan 

Throughout the 1930s Denver spent time at a number of sta- 
tions, mostly in the Midwest. After leaving Terre Haute, he moved 
to WSBT, South Bend, Indiana, then to WDZ, Tuscola, Illinois, 
where his singing partner was Lester Alvin "Smiley" Bumette who 
was from Champaign, Illinois, before eventually accepting an of- 
fer from Gene Autry to go to Hollywood to play the role of his 
sidekick in many western movies. 

Denver Darling, radio and Decca 
recording artist, gets mustache 
removed by Smiley Burnette, star of 
Columbia pictures. This was the 
payoff on a bet concerning who could 
eat the most flapjacks (pancakes). 
Denver lost the bet and had to grow 
the brush, but Smiley had to shave it 
off on his return to New York. 

The exact date of Darling's move to New York is uncertain, but 
it was definitely by September 1937 because the following brief 
comment appeared in the September 18, 1937, issue of the Long 
Island Daily Star: "Rural revels opened at the Village Barn on 
Thursday night, with Larry McMahon, starring and (sic) ever- 
popular emcee, and the others playing to a full and appreciative 
house. Laura Dean drew plenty applause for her song numbers. 
The Village Barn Cowboys — Denver Darling and his Gang — come 
from all parts of the West and Southwest. 

Darling initially moved to New York to appear on WOR and at 
the "Village Barn." During this same time he appeared frequent- 
ly on WEEV, Reading, Pennsylvania, with the Newman Brothers 
(Hank, Slim and Bob) who were billed as The Georgia Crackers. 
Darling became the emcee at the "Village Barn" and later got his 
own radio show on WNEW, as well as a tongue-in-cheek daily pro- 
gram on the same station. In an undated review, radio critic Paul 
Denis gleefully attacks this show: "Are you tired of 'John's Other 
Happiness' or 'Portia Loses Face?' You are? Then switch to 
Denver Darling's one-minute serials on WNEW (Monday to Fri- 
day, 4 p.m.)" 

At some point during his stay in New York, Darling took time 
off to appear in two Hollywood movies. He also started his record- 
ing career on Decca and later cut some sides for DeLuxe and 
MGM. Most of the DeLuxe sides were released under the 


pseudonym of Tex Grande. At his first recording session for Dac- 
ca on November 6, 1941, Denver Darling and His Texas 
Cowhands (Slim Duncan, Vaughn Horton and Eddie Smith) 
recorded three sides— a Zeke Manners-Clarke Van Ness song 
popular at the time. Don't Let Your Sweet Love Die, and two 
other long-forgotten songs, It's Your Worry Now and Silver 
Dollar. The next day, November 7, 1941, the group returned to 
cut a song usually associated with the Carter Family, I'm Think- 
ing Tonight of My Blue Eyes. By the time Darling made it back to 
the recording studio on December 22, 1941, the Japanese had at- 
tacked Pearl Harbor and World War II was on. 

During the last years of the war, DarUng made some of his most 
important recordings. Two such sides are Juke Joint Mama and 
Deep Delta Blues. It is commonly believed that the former song 
was the primary source of Jerry Lieber and Mike StoUer's 1952 
song Kansas City, a big hit for Wilbert Harrison in 1959. On both 
songs Darling is backed up by famed jazz cornetist Wild Bill 
Davidson. About the same time he produced, in collaboration with 
Vaughn Horton and Milton Gabler, his most famous song Choo 
Choo Ch' Boogie. Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five had the 
biggest hit with it on Decca (23610) in 1945 and Bill Haley also 
made a successful recording in 1950. In the 1980s the western 
swing band Asleep At the Wheel revived the song and played it at 
numerous performances. 

The year 1945 was important in Darling's career for a variety of 
reasons. At least two of his songs were hits that year — Choo Choo 
Ch' Boogie and Address Unknown, the latter a minor success for 
Gene Autry. Just as significant, though, was an appearance at 
Carnegie Hall on September 28, 1945, at the First Annual Clef 
Award Presentation. This appearance made Darling the first 
country artist to perform in Carnegie Hall. Evidently the Clef 
Award Committee, which consisted of composer Sigmund 
Romberg and George Goodwin, among others, didn't want to be 
"tainted" by any overt signs of informality and insisted that all 
performers appear in formal dress. Therefore, Darling was re- 
quired to wear a suit and tie rather than the "western clothes" he 
usually wore when performing. The program, which also included 
Eileen Barton, Johnny Desmond and the Golden Gate Quartet, 
Marion Hutton and 13 other acts besides Darling, was very suc- 

Darling's most lucrative and lengthy commercial deal was a 
three-year contract with the Mennen Company to record a shav- 
ing cream theme song. By the time he entered into this associa- 
tion in 1945, Darling's singing career was very near its end. 

In 1947 Darling began having trouble with his throat. That and 
the desire to raise his family of two boys and one girl somewhere 
other than New York City (where he paid the then-exhorbitant 
price of $75 a month for an apartment), led him to move back to 
Jewett, Illinois. There he and his wife raised their children, Ron- 
nie, Susan and Tim, and Denver lived the life of a gentleman 
farmer. Ronnie is now the father of three daughters, Sheri, Rhon- 
da and Kala. Susan married Henry Ives (no relation to Burl Ives) 
and is the mother of two children, David and Sharon. Tim mar- 
ried Gail Moses and has one son, Teil Kye. Although he never 
resumed his career as a singer. Darling continued to write songs 
and to give occasional interviews to fans and broadcasters. He 
also enjoyed frequent visits from friends such as Smiley Burnette, 
Vaughn Horton, Chet Atkins and Tex Ritter. 

While he had some songwriting successes after his retirement 
as a performer, Darling's work never again reached the level of 
popularity achieved during the 1940s when he was headquartered 
in New York City and leading bands such as the Trail Blazers, the 
Texas Cowhands and the Georgie Porgie Boys. While he 
sometimes regretted forsaking his singing career, Darling never 

Denver Darling's Trail Blazers • Tommy (guitar), Johnnie (accordian). Bill 
(bass), Willie (fiddle) and Denver (guitar) 

seriously considered resuming it. Instead he remained in Jewett 
until his death on April 27, 1981, three weeks past his 72nd birth- 
day. During the last few years of his life he was plagued by health 
problems but he remained active as a songwriter almost to the 
very end. Perhaps only a few of his neighbors in 1981 knew that 
Denver Darling had once been one of the bright stars of country 

Editor's note: We would like to express a special thank you to 
Mr. W. K. McNeil for giving this committee his permission to use 
portions of the material used in this article. Mr. McNeil is editor 
of Old Time Country magazine, the University of Mississippi, 
Sam Hall Room 206, University, Mississippi, 38677, and his 
diligent research proved very helpful to us. 

Submitted by Millie Gentry Lindsay 


The Bi-weekly Club of Greenup was organized in March of 1907 
and is believed to be the oldest active in the village. The object of 
this club was to organize the women of Greenup for advancement 
along intellectual, social and civic lines. There were 12 ladies who 
became members at that time, and Nett Hibbons was its first 
president. In May of the same year they joined the State Federa- 
tion and in May of 1946 joined the General Federation. 

In 1937 they sponsored the club now known as the Greenup 
Women's Civic Club. Alberta Ewart became its first president. 
Five charter members are still active and it is still part of the 
General Federation of Women's Clubs. 

Early in 1947, during the presidency of Edith Glen, the idea of 
forming a young women's club was born. Each member of the 
Civic Club sponsored a "so-called" daughter. Modena Woods was 
their first president. Through the years these clubs have taken an 
active part in community affairs. In 1991 the Young Women's 
Club became members of the Greenup Women's Civic Club. May 
they continue doing their many good works. 


The Entre Nous Club of Greenup, formed in the early 1920s or 
before, still meets on a regular basis and is still active in social 
and civic affairs. 


Members of the Entre Nous Club from yesteryear - Seated: Marie Dora, Bessie 
Sims and Agnes Campbell. Standing: Estelle Greeson, Flossie Eubank, Elizabeth 
Brooks, unidentified. Star Miller, Daisey Travis and Nell Sublett. 


Early in the fall of 1945 Mr. Erwin Everson, an organizer of 
new posts of the Department of Illinois VFW, came to Greenup to 
see if it was possible to organize a VFW post in Greenup. He con- 
tacted a few veterans and they met on the benches in the city park 
for their first meeting. They soon made application for a charter 
and on December 10, 1945, a charter was issued under the name 
of Cumberland County Post #4598. That charter has 101 names 
listed; however, the membership grew quickly as many were still 
serving on active duty when the first organizational meetings were 
held. Soon after being chartered, the post was selected by the War 
Department to represent them and conduct military rites for ser- 
vicemen killed in action that were being returned home for burial. 
This the post did, for which the War Department sent a letter of 

The first meeting place was the recreation hall owned by the Et- 
telbrick Shoe Co. at the corner of Lincoln Dr. and Kentucky St. 
After holding a few meetings in the recreation hall and some 
bingo games, the hall was needed by the shoe company for 
storage. We then rented the I.O.O.F. hall for bingo games and 
made arrangements to meet over the old town house. The upstairs 
of the town house was in such poor condition we were two months 
working before we could meet there. Many members donated 
much time and labor in repairing the town house and the post 
spent over $400 for paint and materials. In 1949 an auxiliary to 
our post was chartered. In need of funds, we decided to have a 
stand at the fair; however, this did not prove to be a moneymaker 
and after two years was given up as a bad cause. 

While the material progress of the post is easy to observe and 
record, other activities of the post are often taken for granted. We 
have conducted and assisted in the performance of military rites 
for many deceased veterans. Each year we conduct or assist in 
Memorial Day services along with the auxiliary. The post and the 
auxiliary each year place markers at the graves of veterans in the 
Greenup Cemetery and furnish markers for other local 
cemeteries. For many years our service officers helped veterans in 
need of medical care by transporting them to VA hospitals and 
helping them be admitted. More recently, post members Millard 
Kingery and Mike McElravy were selected as our representatives 
to the CCVA which now transports veterans. The post supports 
this endeavor and has donated funds for help in the purchase and 
operating cost of a vehicle. With the aid of our auxiliary and the 
American Legion we each year donate and distribute food baskets 
to the needy in the area at Christmas time. Through the years, the 
post has been an active and generous contributor to worthy pro- 

jects for youth activities, school organizations, community ac- 
tivities and volunteer services. 


This picture was taken in 1958. These ladies are celebrating the 
75th birthday of Eleanor (Nell) Broom, the mother of Betty 

Greenup Ladies in 1958 - Seated: Valley Jenuine, Betty (Broom) Bowman, 
Eleanor (Nell) Broom, Grace (Broom) DeLaurenti, Maude Rodgers, OIlie Boots, 
Mrs. Agnes Campbell, Lelia Borden, Eunice Carson, Ethel Bowman and OIlie 

Standing: Gertie Reeder, Margaret Carrell, Luna Ewart, Jess Wylde, Ada 
Perisho, Doris (Bowman) Peters, Mary Rodgers, Helen (Boots) Hall, Sylvia McMor- 
ris. Star Miller, Estaline Miller, Linda (Peters) Schrieber, Grace Peters, Leia Ruff- 
ner, Hattie Goodman, Bertha Hayden and Flossie Eubank. 

Valley Jenuine and husband Harry owned the Broom Factory. 
They were the parents of Alberta, Press and John. Alberta's hus- 
band Herman Ewart was a cashier in the bank, Alberta was a 
teacher, and Press and John were active in the racing world. Press 
is in the Racing Hall of Fame. 

Betty (Broom) Bowman was a teacher in the Greenup school 
system. She was married to Loren who was the postmaster. 

Eleanor (Nell) Broom and husband L. H. Broom operated the 
Broom's Drug Store. 

Grace DeLaurenti was the sister of Betty Broom. 

Maude Rodgers and husband are the parents of Colonel, 
Ernest, Ross and Rodger. 

OIlie Boots, mother of Helen and Dorsey, was a good fisherman 
and cook. 

Agnes Campbell was a piano teacher and her husband, Al, was 
bank president. 

Lela Bordon was married to Gar, bookkeeper for the town and 
shoe factory. 

Eunice Carson was married to D. C. (Code) Carson and besides 
teaching she started the Young Women's Club which was 
federated and became the Bi-weekly when they organized in April 
1937. Code was mail clerk on the railroad. 

Ethel Bowman was a floorlady (foreman) at the Ettlebrick Shoe 

OIlie Tracy's husband, John (Pete), was a horse trader. 

Gertie Reeder and her husband, William, were proprietors of 
the Greenup Jewelry Store. 

Margaret (Carrell) Baldridge was a teacher in the Greenup 
School for many years. 

Luna Ewart, called "Aunti Eoff," was married to Fess who was 
employed by the State Highway Department. 

Jess Wylde and husband Fred founded Fred Wylde Insurance 

Ada Perisho was a telephone operator and husband Vess was a 
mail carrier. 


Doris (Bowman) Peters and husband Don originated D. and D. 
Flower Shop. 

Mary Rodgers' husband Ernest was a mail carrier. 

Helen (Boots) Hall assisted her brother in the insurance 
business and married Coleman Hall. He was cashier in the bank. 

Sylvia McMorris and her husband, Brian (Beans), ran the 
Greenup Press after purchasing it from Mark Carruthers in 1935. 

Star Miller and husband Walt are the parents of Estaline and 
Marge (Miller) Tracy. 

Estaline Miller started teaching in the Little Brown School near 
Hazel Dell in 1924. She taught one year in Montrose, then 
Brushey Ridge. She taught in the Greenup School until the new 
Cumberland School was built, then taught two years in the new 
grade school. She was substitute for five years before retiring. 
Estaline taught three generations. 

Linda Peters Schreiber was a member of a dancing group 
called the Dancing Dolls. 

Grace Peters' husband, John, was a barber. 

Lela Ruffner and husband Glen operated the Chevrolet garage. 

Hattie Goodman and husband Charles ran the local dry goods 
store, and Charles was a dentist in Greenup. 

Bertha Hayden and husband Ed ran a grocery store in 

Flossie Eubank and husband Jake owned and operated the 
Greenup Ford garage. She was very active in Eastern Star. 

Most Cumberland County residents will recognize these 28 
civic-minded ladies. The picture is represented by two genera- 
tions who paved the way for generations coming after to make 
Cumberland County a better place for each of us to live. These 
ladies, as do we, had their problems in their day. Now the ball is in 
our court, and hopefully we will keep the world as good as these 
women left it to us. 

Submitted by Ernestine Robey 


During the 1890s, Dewitt Lineberry operated a huckster route 
from Hulman and Co., South 18th, Mattoon, Hlinois, to many 
stores, including Trilla, Lerna, Johnstown, Neal and ending at 
Croake, a settlement five miles west and one mile south of Toledo. 
Mr. Lineberry's farm was a few miles west of there. 

Mr. Lineberry would make the trip one day, returning the next, 
delivering wire, pots, pans, feed, rope, etc., picking up chickens, 
eggs, cream, etc. His vehicle was a hay rack covered with woven 
wire and canvas with a tin roof, sometimes pulled by four mules. 
In 1897 he moved his family to a home near the Folly Grove 
School, some three miles north of Neal so he would be living 
halfway of his work route. 

Several years after he moved to Mattoon where he became a 
millwright at the Big Four Railroad roundhouse. 

Submitted by Martha Nees 

Showhouse Becomes Showroom 

By Bobbie Claire Goodman 

Another one of Greenup's landmarks has been erased by the 
march (A modernization. The canopy of the former Old Trails 
Theatre announced the grand opening of a new business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jim Highfill purchased the building, completely 
remodeled the interior and moved their Western Auto Store to the 

The doors were closed from 1956-61 when Mr. and Mrs. Phil 
Harlan redecorated and reopened the business until television 
took its toll and in 1972 the building was sold and used for a 
public auction house by Linus McFarlin. 

Old Trails Theatre 


The oldest restaurant in the village of Greenup and one which 
in all respects is up-to-date, is that of W. H. Green, formerly Allen- 
tharp's, on West Cumberland Street. There is no doubt but what 
Mr. Green is conducting it in first-class style; furthermore he is 
giving his customers entire satisfaction in quality and value. The 
restaurant is spacious, excellently appointed and a place where 
one can get a good square meal for a quarter. Short orders are 
served, and those who feel in an eating mood can always be served 
at a moment's notice, as W. H. Green's resources in the feeding 
line are comparatively unlimited. From his own bakery on the 
premises he produces the choicest of pies and daintiest of confec- 
tionery, not to mention the "kind of bread that mother made" 
you know. By the way, have you tried one of Mrs. Green's 
lemonades? If you haven't you should get outside of one and see 
how exquisite it feels. Don't forget Green's; it is a delightful place 
to patronize. 

— Clipping from Greenup Free Lance, June 1908 


W. H. Allenbaugh owned and operated a feed mill on West 
Railroad Street in Greenup, Illinois. Here corn was shelled and 
feed ground. Allenbaugh also had a meal mill. This was in opera- 
tion in 1912, possibly earlier. 

Ross Greeson bought it and started the Greeson Elevator in 
1919 as a coal dealer and later added feed. He retired in 1940, 
leaving the business to his son Dorsa and grandson Harold Dean. 
It stayed in the Greeson family until July 19, 1966. 

In 1937 fire completely destroyed the business but was built 

In March 1959 the business was leased by Federal North Iowa 
Grain Co. with Wes Calhoun as manager. They were dealing in 
fertilizers, feed, grain marketing and farm supplies. In July 1966 
Kenneth Hall of Casey and Marshall Taggart of Hazel Dell 
bought the business from Harold Dean Greeson, owner, of 
Abilene, Texas. 

Kenneth Hall sold his part out later. Sherwood was a partner 
for a while. Marshall Taggart operated the elevator until 1990. 

Effingham Clay Farm Supply bought it in 1990 and operates it 
today with Don Frederick as manager. 


William Emmett Havens owned and operated a hardware and 
implement business for about 20 years on the north side of 
Cumberland Street in Greenup, Illinois. 

In 1908 Otterbein Cougill and Emmett Havens succeeded the 
Greenup Hardware Co. in a large stocked general hardware store. 
They handled kitchen supplies, cook stoves, sewing machines, 
harness, saddlery, buggies and other hardware needs. 



The Best Machinery | 
obtainable i 

i Is what you want. We have it, the l 
I best there is on the .market ^ 

I ^^ Car loads of McCormick emd I 
t Deering Mowers, Binders, Pull and | 
I Sulkey rakes, in facta full line of l 
5 Machinery which we have on Dis- ^ 
I play in our large Avare-rooms ready I 
I for your inspection. I 


I We also just icccivod 5 car load of llio s 
^ standard McC'oniiitk Binder wine. | 

W. E. Havens! 




In addition to this they had a separate warehouse in which they 
had a fine display of farm wagons, agricultural implements, 
binders, mowers, including McCormick Deering and John Deere. 

In 1910 W. E. Havens bought Cougill out and was in business 
alone for several years afterward. 

Submitted by Martha (Havens) Nees 


Oak Grove Lodge, located four miles east of Greenup on the 
north side of Rt. 40, was started in 1921, consisting of a series of 
log cabins in a hickory and oak grove. They were rented to 
tourists. Each was named after a president. 

Oak Grove Lodge ■ Victor Ormsby, Ed and Lena (Neeley) Ormsby in front of 
their filling station about 1923. 

There were also a filling station and dining room and a pottery 
house. This lodge was a popular tourist court and the first of this 
kind found between Indianapolis and Kansas City, Missouri. It 
was operated by Ed and Lena (Neeley) Ormsby until their deaths, 
then their daughter Mae Baker and later their grandson Vic 
Ormsby. In 1956 a new motel was built on this site but it burned 
in 1964. 


It must have been 80 years ago my grandmother and I first 
visited Aunt Hester's little candy shop. The two elderly ladies sat 
behind the coal-burning stove and visited while I quietly moved 
about, looking but not touching. I had been warned before leav- 
ing home that good children did not handle things in a store. 

There were writing tablets, Double Q and Golden Rule, for five 
cents and a pencil for one cent. The pencil that really caught my 
eye was special. It had a beautiful ruby, sapphire, topaz, pink or 
any color stone where an eraser might have been. I knew it would 
cost too much for me, maybe a quarter. There was a shelf holding 
little cups and saucers, mugs for baby and small plates. 


Aunt Hester died many years ago 
Her little shop is no more; 
Never again the tinkle 
Of that bell on her old front door. 
To many of you this bit of news 
May seem rather out of place 
To others it means the passing 
Of those lovely "Years of Grace." 
Aunt Hester's store was a little shop 
Not far from the Greenup School 
Close it sat by the sidewalk. 
With trees behind so shady and cool. 
Down the street the Greenup School 
All friends of Aunt Hester, you can see. 
She was busy most of the livelong day 
Yes, as busy as ever could be. 
How many thousands of little feet 
Eddying evermore. 
It must have taken to make that dip 
In the old wooden step to her door. 
Tinkle, tinkle, the little bell 
Floated out on the summer breeze 
From early morning 'til fall of night 
It played bright little symphonies. 
And there stood Aunt Hester ladling out 
Candy and pencil and pen, 
"How many of these for a penny, please?" 
With the next batch it started again. 
What an infinite fountain of patience 
Must have welled from that good woman's heart. 
Watching for us to decide between 
A chocolate star or a dart. 
Yes, Aunt Hester's litUe store is gone 
I passed through there the other day. 
Now strange it seems with no little shop 
But a parking lot for the I.G.A. 
Submitted by Estaline Miller 

Aunt Hester Norman's 
penny candy store, present 
location, Greenup IGA store 


I saved the best for the last— the glass case full of sweets— some 
suckers shaped like a hand, strips of bacon candy with pink, 
brown and white stripes, so good and sweet, a marshmallow with a 
slit down the middle to hold a "gold" ring with a sparkling col- 
ored stone. A stick of lemon, orange or peppermint candy with a 
"gold" ring and colored stone might have cost five cents each. A 
tin skillet about the size of a silver dollar held brown sugar maple- 
flavored candy. I bought one for my mother, five cents I think. 
Licorice babies, several for one penny, or a long twist of licorice, 
either red or black, and tiny parafin bottle holding sweet, colored 
juice. Bite off the top and drink your favorite flavor. Many young 
children stood on tiptoe to see through the glass case and select as 
much as their pennies would buy. 

At times in her last days, there was a streak of coal dust on Aunt 
Hester's forehead and a piece of candy might have a dark spot or 
two. Children didn't care as they were happy because she often 
added an extra piece or slipped a choice bite to the child hanging 
back because she or he had no penny. Many have said she was a 
very homely woman, but the young ones saw only love and candy. 

Last, as the sun was sinking in the west, Aunt Hester Norman 
would lock the shop doors and find her way up the grassy path to 
her house. This house, shop and all were located where Hayden 
IGA parking lot is today. No one ever dreamed her quiet corner 
would someday be a busy one. The shop faced west about two 
steps from the sidewalk. 

One day the doors were locked and friends found Aunt Hester 
very ill. She was taken to St. Anthony Hospital in Effingham 
where she lived for the rest of her life which wasn't long. 

She left behind in the minds of her children customers, now 
elderly, wonderful memories of a patient, loving friend as well as 
the smile that is in our hearts and minds as we recall standing on 
tiptoe and telling Aunt Hester, one sucker, five licorice babies, a 
peppermint stick with a ring on it, and on. Bless her for the hap- 
piness she gave so many. 


On Monday, October 4th, at 2:00 p.m., 1926, the contract was 
let for the erection of a building to house the shoe factory. 

A committee composed of Harry Jenuine, Fred Wylde, J. D. 
Green, Arthur Jobe, Charles and Ross Greeson and Charles Staf- 
ford worked with untiring efforts to raise the amount of money 
necessary to finance the factory and then went out and raised 
money to build a building to house the factory. These men were 
backed by Gar Borden, E. J. Bancroft and others who were the 
committee to get the factory in Greenup. 

On November 26, 1976, the Ettelbrick Shoe Company 
celebrated its 50th anniversary. 

Through the years many people around Greenup have had a 
working career at the shoe factory. 

On January 1, 1984, the factory was closed indefinitely, partly 
due to the impact of imports and partly due to difficult times for 
small businesses. About 150 people were employed at the time of 

Nicholas Ettelbrick 
Greenup Shoe Factory 




Ken's Auto Service opened September 19, 1983. It is owned 
and operated by Ken and Joy Roley. Ken has ten years experience 
as a mechanic. 

They offer 24-hour wrecker service and 24-hour service for on- 
the-road repairs. 

The establishment is located on East Cumberland, across from 
the Greenup Bank. 


Charles Mitchell purchased the Chevrolet dealership from Glen 
Ruffner Jr. and John McFarling; the garage was on Cumberland 
Street west of the library. He opened for business on September 
17, 1971. He remained in this location until he built the new 
building in 1978 on the corner of Cumberland Street and Route 
130. They moved into this new building in 1979, one of the most 
modern and beautiful garages in this area. It has a large glass- 
sided showroom and a large outside area for used cars. This is a 
family business. 

Before buying the Chevrolet Garage, Mr. Mitchell had a used 
car lot on this same corner since 1959. 


Greenup Liquid Fertilizer and Spray Company was started in 
January 1968 by Dillard Wilson of Greenup and Doan Wade of 
Dietrich. The plant was located just north of 1-70 on the Wade 
farm. Mike Miller joined the business as a partner in the fall of 
1972. In January of 1974 Mike Miller bought out Mr. Wilson and 
Mr. Wade. In January of 1980 Mike Miller purchased the M & B 
Fertilizer Company owned by Bob McMechan Sr. and Bob 
Brandenburg and combined the two businesses. The name was 
changed to Greenup Fertilizer Company and is now located at 903 
East Cumberland at the east edge of Greenup. 

"Progress" was the decision Bob Scott, owner of Scott's 
Building Center, had to make in 1978. Bob had purchased the 
downtown lumberyard, located on Main Street, 304 West 
Cumberland, from the Peter Cook Kuntz Lumber Company in 
1964. A warehouse behind the old lumberyard was built in 1974 to 
try to handle more needed merchandise, but as the year 1979 
rolled around, even our small community demanded more. The 
days of just a lumberyard selling 2x4s were slipping away. The 
new lumber and home center concept was built on the frontage 
road of Route 40 at the east edge of town in 1979. January 20, 
1980, was opening day in the new building which is located on five 
acres with a little more than one acre under roof. The 
17,000-square-foot floor displays reveal hardware, paint, elec- 
trical, plumbing, carpet, wallpaper, baths, vanities, kitchen 
cabinets and, of course, still lumber. There are 14 full-time 
employees and three or four part-time employes hired at the 
building time of the year. Even the new yard has had to give in to 
progress since 1979 with the installation of a computer in partial 
use in 1982 and going into full use in 1984. 

The Dutch Pantry opened September 20, 1971, on Interstate 70 
and Route 130. Wayne and Neda Cowger took over the manage- 
ment October 1, 1971. The Keller Oil Company of Effingham 
built the building and leased it to the Cowgers. It has Dutch decor 
and some Dutch foods along with many other selections. It con- 
sists of a coffee shop, fireside dining room, private dining room 
plus a cocktail lounge and a Shell Service Station plus a gift shop. 

The Greenup Dairy Queen opened in June of 1976. Larry and 

Marianna Ethridge are the owners of the Dairy Queen and Cheryl 
Thomas is the manager. The community has responded to the 
Dairy Queen very well and we all appreciate it very much. So we 
do hope that we can continue to serve all the people as we have in 
the past. 


Colonial Liquors is a package liquor store located on 130 North 
on the east side of the road. 


Platolene 500 Inc., Route 130 North, east side of street; Ronnie 
Warfel manager. 

Smyser's Standard Service, Route 130 North, east side of street. 

Dutch Pantry Shell, Route 130 North, west side of street at 
Dutch Pantry. 


Ernestine's Klip and Kurl Beauty Salon, Ernestine Wood. 

Peg's Beauty Shop, Peggy Strain. 

Ray Ette Beauty Salon. 

Susan's Hair Station, Susan Buchanan. 

Stan-By Hairstyling Shop, Pauline Kinser. 

Lyle Dunn George Bancroft 


The Bowling Alley was built by Albert Isley in 1961. James 
Russell bought it in 1970. There are eight lanes and people come 
from surrounding towns to bowl. 


Fritts Fertilizer was started in the spring of 1975 by Kim and 
Carol Jo Fritts. Kim began with a pickup truck and tank, spraying 
chemicals and water, pumping most of the water that year from 
his parents' pond, Kenneth and Rosemary Fritts. His brother 
Kerry helped some and his other brother Kenny later went to 
work for him and worked for several years at the plant. 

In 1979 Kim and Carol purchased land located on 130 north of 
Interstate 70, and they built a new building and Fritts Fertilizer 
began to expand. They offer not only all types of farm chemicals, 
Uquid fertilizer and liquid lime but also custom combining. At one 
point in time they also did custom farming and hay and straw bal- 

Fritts Fertilizer is one of only two remaining independent fer- 
tilizer plants serving farmers in Cumberland County, and Kim 
continually works toward improvement of the plant and keeping 
up with the EPA rules and regulations. 


Drive north out of Greenup, through the woodsy smell of the 
honeysuckle, then on up the road to where the smell of fresh 
peaches lingers in the crisp fall air. There, nestled against the roll- 
ing hills overlooking the Embarass River Valley and surrounded 
by thousands of apple and peach trees, is the orchard market of 
Gary and Patricia Grissom. 


Gary holds several college degrees and worked as a chemist for 
Pabst Brewing Company and taught school while the orchard was 
coming into production. He and Patricia planted their first apple 
orchard of 16 acres in 1964. They have continued planting since 
and presently have several thousand apple and peach trees, 
located at several sites. The firm operated as Grissom Orchards 
for 26 years, then in 1991 the name was changed to Lost Creek Or- 

Gary has served 12 years on the county board and is a precinct 
committeeman and chairman of the Democratic party in 
Cumberland County. 

Patricia holds a real estate license, has served on extension 
boards, advisory boards and for many years was a 4-H leader for 
the Hurricane Hustlers 4-H club which she and Gary helped 
organize in 1967. 

Gary Thomas Grissom, son of Elwood and Evelyn Volk 
Grissom, and Patricia Joan Easton, daughter of Glen and 
Meredith Light Easton, were married in 1961. The couple has 
four children: 

Gary Thomas Grissom II is a computer analyst, married Gail 
Denise Lake in 1982 and has two children, Thomas Calvin and 
Nicole Denise. 

Christina Marie is a teacher, married Aaron Dale Eggers in 
1982 and has two children, Aaron Christopher and Amanada 
Danielle. They were divorced in 1990. Christina married Wayne 
Swim in 1991. 

Geffry Trever is a sergeant in the Air Force and married Tracy 
Lynn Allgood of Omaha, Nebraska, in 1990. 

Tracy Michelle lives at home and works in child care and also 
helps in the orchard. 


MB Contract Telephone Company is a telephone construction 
business first started September 1, 1979, by Michael L. Bauguss. 
The first building was put up in 1980 for truck repair, washing, 
storage, etc. The second building was put up in 1986 for storage, 
and the office was finished inside part of the building in March 
1987. MB Contract is located east of Greenup one-quarter mile on 
Route 40. The telephone construction consists of cable splicing, 
installation, aerial and buried cable and fiber optic splicing. 

Submitted by Mike Bauguss 


:s 0^ 


The building was built by Squire Holt in 1885 (see page 74 in 
1968 history book and page 117 in 1948 Greenup Jubilee book). 
Judy purchased the business and buildings in October 1982 from 
George Holt. George continued making daily visits and helping in 
the store until his death, July 1987 (two months after the untimely 


Hoh's Store in the 1930s - Maudaline Cox near post and Max Dettro on left 

Just Judy's Store, 1988 

death of his only son, LeRoy). It was after this that Judy changed 
the name of the 100-year-old family-named business to Just 
Judy's. Judy and her husband, Webb Timm, are currently living 
upstairs and doing much-needed remodeling and repairs. Judy 
plans to continue selling paint and wallpaper to the community 
and surrounding area for many years. She was also very in- 
strumental in getting the building listed on the National Register 
of Historic Buildings in 1991. We believe this is the only two- 
family-owned business in the village still operating at this time in 

Submitted by Judy Timm 


i-nt (l;n piiotit ol < ;;iri ullirrs Stuir - Neoga 


Several years ago the people of Greenup wished to celebrate 
Dr. Haughton's 50th year in Greenup with a "Dr. Haughton's 
Day" as so many other towns had done. The Dr. refused, saying 
he wanted no praise or honor bestowed upon him. He was just do- 
ing his work as any other man who had worked that long. Again 
on his 60th year the town would have honored him but again he 

When Interstate 70 was constructed along the north edge of 
town the ball diamond had to be moved. The town obtained an 
area at the north edge of town for a new ball diamond. The area 
south of the diamond has been cleared for a park. Many people 
thought "Haughton Park" would be an appropriate name for the 
park. A committee went to consult the doctor about that name. 
They reported that the doctor said, "I'd think you could find an 
important person to name the park after." They said, "We think 
we have," so he graciously permitted them to use his name and 
caU the park, HAUGHTON PARK. 

A gateway was constructed which reads, HAUGHTON PARK 
"Dedicated to the memory of Dr. N. J. Haughton who faithfully 
served the community from 1910-1972" presented by the 
Greenup Kiwanis Club. 

A pavilion was constructed, playground equipment, a tennis 
court and two ball diamonds. The Greenup Depot stands on the 
north side serving as the museum. The park is a beautiful shady 
place to picnic and a place to spend leisure hours at rest or watch 
a game during the evenings or Sunday. 

We want this park to be worthy of its name - HAUGHTON 


Apparently, Fred Wylde coached a basketball team for Greenup 
High School students in 1905 which must have failed. 

In 1907 or '08 Charles Thompson, Greenup High superinten- 
dent, tried very hard to organize the game in the high school. He 
nailed up boards for a backboard on a large oak tree in the school 
yard. He fastened a barrel hoop to this at a right angle, then went 
out and bought a basketball. 

He presented the new game, basketball, to the boys, explaining, 
"There are five boys on each side and they try to throw the ball 
through the hoop for scores while the other side tries to prevent 
this." This sounded good and they worked hard, but upon hear- 
ing a rumor that this was a girls' game, before long the boys were 
over at the baseball diamond. Thompson, who really would have 
made a good coach, gave up in disgust. 

On the afternoon of Thanksgiving Day 1911, Greenup High 
School played its first basketball game. The game was played in 
Casey in a second floor hall on Main Street, which at that time was 
called St. Charles Opera House. The team was composed of Abe 
Bowman, captain and center; John Bowman and Joe Nunamaker 
as forwards; Oscar Meyers and "Bod" Cook as guards; John 
Ratcliff and Hugh Fitch were guards. 

Their score during the first half was one point made from a free 
throw by Abe Bowman. At the half, Casey's boys talked to them 
and gave them some pointers which really helped. Both teams 
scored 15 points the last half. 

The team had no place to practice indoors. By fall of 1912 the 
team realized they needed more knowledge of the game, so they 
bought a book How to Play Basketball and worked very hard at 
practice. Three people in Greenup had seen games and helped 
them also. They were Fred Wylde, "Cap" Peters and Roy Hadley. 

During the first game at Casey, their uniforms were black, 
quarter sleeves knit cotton shirt with regular street pants and ten- 
nis shoes. After this, they raised some money and bought black sa- 
teen. Mrs. Gar Herr made their shorts. 


Next they played Martinsville in a warehouse, Neoga in the 
basement of their school and Casey again. Apparently others did 
not have good places to play either. 

They finally manufactured a place for practice on the second 
floor of the old town house which was not ideal. There were four 
wooden posts in the middle of the floor and some grandstand 
seats in the back. With no place for a goal, they took a chair and 
put it upside down between the grandstand seats, the place be- 
tween the rungs was the basket. Later on, games were held various 
places in Greenup, the old Baptist Church, stage of the Opera 
House and in a building owned by Arch Snyder adjoining the old 
Squire Holt Furniture Store. Home games were played in a hall 
over what used to be Hayden Grocery Store. 

During the years 1914-15, Greenup won half of their games. 
During these formative years much was accomplished. Greenup 
built their gymnasium in 1927 and continued to have a basketball 
team, advancing from that time to the end of Greenup High 
School days. 

Information from letters from Bod Cook and Dr. A. J. Peters 

Greenup Football Team, 1928 - Front: Charles Button, Zeke Roberts, Leo Ban- 
croft, Charles Whitaker and Joe Nichols. 

Middle: Coach Doc Suffield, Donnie Morton, Bill Coleman, Joe Carrell, Homer 
Mitchell, Charles "Bud" Ware, Leo "Shorty" Strain and Ralph Travis. 

Back: John Jenuine, unidentified, John Roberts, Jim Robertson, George 
Loomis, John Haughton and Ross Rodgers. 

This football team is thought to be the only one in the history of Greenup High 
School. Their games were played at the fairground. 


Greenup High School Basketball Team, 1929 - Front; Bud Ware, Charles But- 
ton, Carl Roberts, Jim Robertson and Leo Strain. 

Back: Coach "Doc" Suffield, Ernest Rodgers, Bill Coleman, Clarence Under, 
wood, Edgar Ray, Joe Carrell and Ross Rodgers. 


Pres Jenuine, a former Milliken athlete who is bringing 
Greenup out of the athletic doldrums this season, pulled a stunt 
that was slightly on the order of the tricks Joe Kilpatrick used to 
have at Witt, during the district tournament at Casey last week. 
The Greenup team faced a difficult situation. It was behind one 
point with two minutes to play and Oblong in possession of the 
ball. Greenup had little luck in breaking Oblong's stalling attack. 
At this point Jenuine ran out on the floor and tugged the offical 
by the arm. He was calling the offical's attention to the fact that 
he had committed a technical foul by coming onto the floor, and 
the violation should be penalized. 

Jenuine had three six-footers on his team, and he was confident 
that if Oblong missed the free throw his boys could grab the re- 
bound or that on a center jump his team would gain possession of 
the ball. Seeing what his coach was trying to do, the Greenup cap- 
tain stepped off the floor, another violation, but the referee mere- 
ly waved Pres off the floor and continued the game. It was good 
strategy but it didn't work. Oblong won 23-22. 

Taken from a March 1932 Decatur Herald 


William "Bill" Waldrip began his life-long involvement in 
athletics while attending Greenup grade and high schools. During 
these formative years he had many good coaches like Pres Jenuine 
who recognized his fine natural athletic ability, and the result was 
that he participated in basketball, track and baseball, being a 
member of the 1936 GHS basketball team his senior year which 
won 34 games, losing only six. He then went on to play basketball 
for Eastern Illinois State Teachers' College at Charleston. 

Greenup Basketball Champs, 1934 - Casey District, won sectional games with 
Mattoon and Catlin. 

Front: Dale Carlen, Max Dettro, Randall Dettro, Bill Stephens, Ralph Burnell, 
Joe Shull, Colonel Rodgers and Gilbert Bancroft. 

Back: Ralph Tracey, Ray Hunt, Jim Wylde, Don Peters, Victor Good, Buss Ben- 
nett, Warren Faith, Bill Waldrip, Royal Burnell, Dale Carey and Coach Preston 

His coaching career began in 1940 when he returned home to 
Greenup to coach the grade school basketball team. When war 
was declared after Pearl Harbor, Bill was drafted but then de- 
ferred until school was out in June of 1942. He spent the next four 
years in the service of his country. 

Waldrip took over the reins of a 1946-47 GHS squad decimated 
by the previous year's graduation and began at once to introduce 
his mostly raw players to fundamentals, including stress placed on 
good physical preparedness before the game was ever played. His 
players responded with respectable records and by 1949 Greenup 
enjoyed a 20-win season. 


In 1949 Greenup and Toledo schools consolidated to form 
Cumberland Unit #77, and Waldrip was chosen head basketball 
coach. Coach Waldrip's best team was 1954, the state tournament 
team, which won 30 and lost only three. Waldrip-coached teams 
won the E.I. League eight consecutive times, and in 1974 Coach 
Waldrip received the highest honor bestowed on Illinois coaches 
when he was officially inducted into the Coaches Hall of Fame, 
capping a career that had seen his teams score 507 victories. 

Submitted by John Cowger 

Greenup Grade School Basketball "Champs" ride atop Greenup fire trucks in a 
parade down Greenup's main street in 1961. The smaller white truck was 
Greenup's first fire truck, purchased in 1939. Front: Roy Looney and Robert 
Crane (coach). Second; Buck Brewer and Terry Morris. Back: Steve Shafer, G. 
Carr, Gary McCullough and Joe Preston. 

Won 10, Lost 4 

Front; Tim Finley (assistant coach), Elliott Stanberry, Justin Harper, Jimmy Pat- 
tenaude and Kristopher Finley. 

Back: Daniel Cisney, Matt Scales, Matt Woolever, Jonathan Morgan and Jon 

Absent were player Brock Stewart, Virgil Cisney (coach) and Jim Pattenaude 
(assistant coach). 

Greenup Basketball Team and Cheerleaders, 1965-66 • Front: Glenda Lewis, 
Shanna Owens, Darice Goodman, Teresa Latta, Janet Woolever and Belinda 

Second: Shawn Swim, Charles Harlen, Steve Chancellor, Clark Markwell, Bret 
Edwars, Stan Haga, Richard McMechan, Dick Kuhn and Bob Crane (coach). 

Third: Terry Brandenburg, Jim Stanberry, John Waldrip, Kirby Darling, Loren 
Shobe, Dennis Rowe, Rick Brandenburg and Billy Yocum. 

Fourth; Roger James, Alan Green and Mike Black. 


This was the first elementary school basketball team from Cumberland Unit #77 
to gain state finals. The season record was 20-2!! They were the Big 8 Conference 
tournament champs, Casey District winners. Sweet Sixteen, third place, and the 
Areola Sectional winners. Team members were Steve Shafer, Terry Thompson, Joe 
Preston, Jim Waldrip, Steve Martin, Buck Brewer, Gary McCullough, Terry Mor- 
ris, Bob Brandenburg, Jim Carlen, Donnie Gabel and Scott Sutherland. Jerry Cox 
and Gene Carr were team managers, and Robert Crane was the coach. It was the 
1960-61 school year. 

From row: Roy Looney (grade school principal), Lena Sherrick (cheerleader 
coach), Terry Young, Beverly Sedgwick, Janice McNeel, Connie McMorris (all 
cheerleaders with Cumberland Unit #77), Robert Crane (coach), Susan Zei, Dianne 
Neal, Susie Stewart, Susie Grissom (all cheerleaders) and Merill Moore 

Back row: Jerry Cox (manager), Steve Shafer, Terry Thompson, Joe Preston, 
Scott Sutherland, Buck Brewer, Gary McCullough, Terry Morris, Donnie Gabel, 
Jim Waldrip, Steve Martin, Bob Brandenburg, Jim Carlen and Gene Carr 




From the National Archives of Jewett, Cumberland County, Il- 
linois Post Office, it was established on January 24, 1844, in Coles 
County. Located in Cumberland County on August 22, 1849. 

Name changed to Ogden on August 22, 1849. On May 1, 1850, 
the name was changed to Woodbury, and again on January 25, 
1871, the name was changed to Jewett. 

The postmasters and their date of appointment are as follows: 
David T. Wisner, January 24, 1844; Meredith B. Ross, August 22, 
1849; James W. Wisner, May 1, 1850; David T. Wisner, June 30, 
1853; William L. Trostle, December 3, 1862; William H. Wells, 
April 6, 1863; D. T. Wisner, March 8, 1867; Benjamin R. Russell, 
October 29, 1869; Benjamin R. Russell, January 25, 1871; Fernan- 
do S. Gray, July 8, 1873; Brasil Brown, April 9, 1875; James W. 
Booth, February 7, 1876; Brasil Brown, May 31, 1877; Henry A. 
Dodd, August 27, 1879; Frank F. Vanderhoof, April 26, 1880; Co- 
lumbus W. Oliver, October 27, 1885; William W. 0. Goldsmith, 
July 21, 1897; Samuel H. Moudy, April 11, 1898; Orson C. 
Morgan, February 21, 1901; Orin L. Jay, August 10, 1914; Fred B. 
Cox, March 14, 1916; Lyda Alumbaugh, March 10, 1920; Herbert 
F. Morgan, July 22, 1926; Lancelot E. Vantassel, April 10, 1935; 
Alfrieda D. Kingery, December 18, 1942; Phyllis Yaw, 1973; and 
Carolyn J. Young, 1986. 

Over the years the post office was housed in several locations 
before the present building was constructed. 

The Old National Road Post Office at Jewett, Illinois 

In the history of the first woman postmaster in the country, 
Maryland held that record in 1775 before the rest of the country 
had been settled outside the 13 colonies. However, as history 
shows, an ancestor of the Gentrys of Cumberland County, Ann 
Hawkins Gentry, the widow of Colonel Richard Gentry, of Colum- 
bia, Missouri, has the distinction of being the first woman to hold 

Ann Hawkins Gentry, first woman 
postmaster in the United States 

the office of postmaster in the United States and while in Colum- 
bia, Missouri, served in that capacity from 1838-1867. She was 
commissioned following the death of her husband who had been 
appointed that office in 1830 by President Jackson. 


Jewett, lU 


Copy of a check on the Jewett Slate Bank pre-printed for 192 . The Jewett 

bank was located on the north side of Main Street across from the present-day post 
office on the corner lot next to the Ronnie Barnes residence. The bank also had 
another location, possibly in the old grocery store building owned by Jackie (Gen- 
try) Henley, but that is not confirmed. A short article was printed in the 1968 
history book about the Jewett bank. 


i M= I 

The old Jewett Village Town House where meetings and voting took place. 


The Jewett Band was formed in the mid-1920s and for several 
years played at nearly all social functions in Cumberland County, 
plus held open air concerts in their own bandstand which was 
located ten to 15 feet west of the metal building now standing on 
the Lacey property next to the block building Charlie Gray built 
for his pool hall and barbershop. The bandstand was designed 
like the one still standing in the courtyard in Toledo. 

Submitted by Millie Lindsay 

Jewett Band, 1927 • Front row: Doc Beals, Delbert Hutchison, Oscar Bean, Nor- 
ris Ray, Arin Tutwiler, Byrum Morgan, Doc Vantassell, Raymond Hutchison and 
Hap Trimble (with drum). 

Second row: Peanut Brewer, Raymond Cox, Dale Bishop, Denver Darling, Don 
Kingery, Joe Warden, Ted Gray, Oscar Wellbaum, Chris Meislam, Orval Trimble, 
Kenneth Gable, Virgil Armer, Harold Beals, Lloyd "Doc" Ingram and Otis Ray 
(band leader). 

Third row: Howard Myers, Earl Lafferty, Roy "Gabe" Ray, Bun Ray, Golden 
Vanderhoof, Roy Hutchison, Russell Stirewalt, Lloyd Bean, Merle Printz, Arthur 
Cox, Royal Vantassell and Alan Cox. 

Fourth row: Raymond Fogle, Clyde Selby, Guy Ray, Edgar Ray, Joe Ray, Otto 
Cox, Glenn Bersig, Arthur Shoots and Merle Trimble. 



Our P.T.A. was a community organization, almost 100% of the 
people became involved. Our yearly fee was ten cents. One month 
the teachers and their pupils put on the program. The intervening 
month the people of the community put on the show. All ages were 
included in acting. 

Every school child learned to get up before the public to act 
and recite or sing. 

There was a different committee for each program. There cer- 
tainly was a wide field of performances. Sometimes the show was 
put on by the men, sometimes just women, but more often it was 
both men and women. The Starwalt family gave us very good 

There was a refreshment committee, everyone enjoyed that part 
of the event. It was actually a fellowship action. 

One program was such fun to put on we decided to keep it go- 
ing. This was during the war years; we called the show "The 
Cumberland Barn Dance Show." 

Submitted by Alfrieda Kingery 


Seated: June Shafer Nelson, Cheri Trostle (little girl), Estella Greeson, Ruth 
Wellbaum and Maggie Renter. 

Standing: Pat Trostle holding Terry Trostle, Florence Anderson, Ruth Louise 
Walker, Charlotte Nelson, Zelma Adamson, Sandy Shafer holding Jeffrey Scott 
Shafer, and Iva Kuhn. 

This photo was taken June 1, 1960, at the home of Ruth Wellbaum for her birth- 
day party. The Ladies Aid Society met every week to quilt for anyone who had a 
quilt they wanted done. They charged a small fee which was then donated to the 
Christian Church in Jewett. Although the membership changed over the years, the 
quilting parties kept very active until just recently. When Oscar Wellbaum, Ruth's 
husband, became ill, she had to stop to care for him. 

Compiled by Mary Alfrieda Kingery 
Fred and Esther Cox — Fred was one of the postmasters in 
Jewett, then transferred to Rural Route Number 2 carrier, from 
which he retired in 1940. Fred had two sons from his first mar- 
riage to an Alumbaugh lady. They were Allen and Arthur. Allen 
married Catherine Cox and later died of a heart attack, and Ar- 
thur married Reba Fogle and later died of cancer. 

Fred and Esther (Ingle) Cox 


George Trostle married Vine Nutt and had one daughter, 
May. His second marriage was to Ida Vanderhoof, and they had 
1 1 children. George lived to be 90 years old and could be seen cut- 
ting the tall grass with a hand scythe on Saturday afternoon, 
along the street where people had to walk to church on Sunday. 
He liked to use the phrase "that teakettled him pink" about 
something that made him laugh. 

George Trostle 

Rose Peterson lived in a house near the school and raised her 
grandson Eugene Peterson. She had three daughters and a son. 
Eugene enlisted in the Navy and died while in service and is 
buried in Arlington Cemetery. One of her daughters was Edith 

tsJifev^^ ;•$" 

Rose Peterson 

Opal Nichols and Olive Holsapple 

Opal Nichols and OUve Holsapple were two of the teachers 
who taught at Jewett School for a number of years. 

Artie Oakley was a widow and had several daughters. 
Pauline, her youngest, stayed with her mother until her marriage 
to Ray Galbraith. 

Artie Oakley - Nule the "Old Trails" Theatre poster advertising "coming at- 
tractions" in the glass-front box. This box is still in use outside the post office in 
Jewett. Local people use it to advertise or post notices. 

Kate Sowers lived to be 90 years old and rented rooms to 
school teachers. She cooked a noon meal for anyone who wanted 
to eat. She had several regular customers and served as a "down 
home style" restaurant. One of her sons came from Arkansas and 
took her back there to live with him. 

Kate Sowers and 

Emma (Em| Rawlins was the widow of Doctor Rawlins of 
Jewett. She was the granddaughter of Bill LeMasters, a Civil War 

Emma Rawlins 

Pauline Oakley and Ray Galbraith — Ray was a beekeeper 
and when some kind of disease killed off his bees, the couple 
moved to Hazel, South Dakota, where the honey bee business was 





Pauline and Ray Galbraith 

Ham Bean 

Hanibal (Ham) Bean, a long-time general storekeeper, 
bought eggs and cream from local farmers. While he was in semi- 
retirement, the store building burned in 1936 along with the 
Bowman grain grinding mill. 

Bert and Edith Stull 

Bert and Edith (Peterson) Stull were good people, parents 
of two sons. Jack and John. One time Bert got a little "miffed" at 
Edith and went to Springfield to stay with a daughter from his 
first marriage. He sent postcards back to Edith and Alfrieda 
Kingery (the postmaster) and when Alfrieda told Edith she had 
received a card, Edith remarked, "Was yours of a cemetery too?" 
They both had a good laugh. Bert didn't stay away very long and 
was a strong Democrat. 

Back in the late 1940s and early 1950s, a switch light on the 
Pennsylvania Central Railroad was lit by hand. Evidently there 
was an oil pipeline leak near the light switch, and an explosion 
resulted which sprayed oil and flames on the home of George and 
Maggie Remer. Roy Barnes, Jewett storekeeper, said he was able 
to get upstairs and throw a few items out of the window, but it 
soon became too hot for him to do much. The explosion and fire 
made national news since the pipeline was interstate. Maggie was 
a sister of Otis Ray, Jewett barber. 

School Picnic 

jewett boys waiting for the school bus, 1946-47 • Kent Kingery, Charles Jones, 
Theron Kingery, Don Clark and Ervin Starwall. 

Cumberland High School students waiting for the school bus - Girls: Alene Gen- 
try, Barbara Cox, Butonne Kingery, Wanda Gray, Mary Lou Gray and Anita 
Sowers. Boys: Charles Jones, Kent Kingery, Theron Kingery, Don Clark and Ervin 

School picnic 


Lyde Alumbaugh was a former Jewett postmaster. She mar- 
ried a man named Graham and lived in Indianapolis. One time 
when she came to visit at Jewett she made her main stopping 
place in the post office lobby. Each person that came into the post 
office, she would tell them that they looked "ten years younger." 
No one but the postmaster knew she was telling that to everyone. 

Charlie Ross, who could forget Charlie, on election day. He 
was a Democrat and Les Vanderhoof was a Republican. They 
would go around and around arguing politics. Election day used 
to be a big thing. People came to town and stayed all day visiting. 
But Charles made the most noise. We all loved him and Les. 

Roy and Helen Barnes ran a grocery store in Jewett for five 
and a half years after the war. The store was sold to Marge and 
Ed Roark from Mattoon, Illinois. They lived above the store. 
The Roarks kept the store until both lost their health. We all dear- 
ly loved the Roarks and were sorry to lose them. 

Elmer (Butchf Carey came to Jewett from Terre Haute, In- 
diana, after his wife had died, walking and carrying little Butch 
on his back. A pleasant person, always. He cleaned snow off walks 
from his home to the Roark Store and to the post office. 

Al Cox retired to Jewett from Woodbury. He had a team and 
plowed people's gardens and cleaned all the streets of snow. He 
was a kind and gentle person. Two of his daughters are Opal 
Myers and Barbara Bauguss. 

Bessie Laughter was mail messenger for the Jewett Post Of- 
fice. She had to go to the depot at 2:30 a.m. and trundle mail, 
thrown off by a train, to the post office. Other times she met a 
train around 11:30 a.m. that stopped and put off mail and took 
mail. Then at 7:00 p.m. she had to hang a pouch on a catcher 
crane that a fast passenger train grabbed off with a hook. 

Lewis Merriwether was mail messenger before Bessie. 
Sometimes Butch Carey would handle the mail as a substitute. 

Clyde (Soupy Bealsj Selby, a bachelor, was a lifelong resi- 
dent of Jewett. He died of emphysema. His cousin, with whom he 
made his home, Stella Beals, taught school at Jewett for years. 

Grace Barnes Fogle and her husband, Raymond Fogle, 
had a store for a while, grocery and sundry. 

Alfrieda Kingery had a store that carried yard goods, nylons, 
some ready-made dresses and blouses and shoes. 

I (Alfrieda Kingery) became postmaster November 1942. The 
people said, "Get us a bus station." I said, "I will try." The 
Greyhound would not put in the bus stop. My husband, the late 
Warren Kingery, and I went to John Fribley, the state senator, 
and through the Illinois Transportation Department got the bus 
station established at the Jewett Post Office. People needed it dur- 
ing the war years. 

Submitted by Alfrieda Kingery 

Loraine Keller had a piece goods store for a long period dur- 
ing the post-war years. 

Mrs. Pete (Myrtle) Strader and 
Sissy (Sarah Jane Ingram) Carter. 
Sissy is dressed in the costume she 
wore when performing in the 
Cumberland County Barn Dance 
Group. Myrtle was also one of the 


Lester Flood, Joe Cox, Otto Cox, Sherman Ingram, Fern Aleshire, Glen Bersig, 
Don Kingery, Hope Kingery, Nat Perry (bartender) and Lloyd Bean. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jim Niccum — Mrs. Niccum lived to be past 
100 years old and they are the parents of the late Fred Niccum, 
Richard Niccum, Woodrow Niccum, Delia and one other 

Mr. and Mrs. Jim Niccum 

Rex Walker lived on a farm south of Jewett and drove a team 
and wagon most of the time. He and Ruth Louise Walker were 
the parents of four boys and four girls, Sidney, Rex, Max, Merle, 
Ruth, Betty, Judy and Mary Ellen. Rex Sr. retired from the Jewett 
Elevator and moved into Jewett from the farm. 

Rex Walker 

John Ingram lived to be 90 years old. His son John was cap- 
tured in Germany during World War II. Several years later, a very 
thin, sad John Jr. finally made it home. 

John Ingram 

Clarence and Stell (Drum) Glasener — Clarence was a 
dealer in used furniture, and they always had a big garden and 
flowers planted among the vegetables. They lived where Ruth 
Wellbaum lives now. ;--,-=7r:: — — :-,— 

Clarence and Steil Glasener 



Clyde and Lizzie (Carrico) Plummer — Lizzie's mother 
died when she was very small and her grandparents were Richard 
and Eliza Clemens Carrico. The Plummers are the parents of 
Ruth Hardy and Dorothy Brewer of Jewett. 

Clyde and Lizzie Plummer 



Bill Bishop (Uncle Billy is what we called him) lived to be 90 
years old and always walked a lot. He was the father of Joe, Ray, 
Edith and a daughter who married a Trimble. 

Bill Bishop 

Rufus Decker, WWI veteran, lived to be 97 years old. If there 
was a person that lived a simple life, it was Rufus. He tended 
strictly to his own business, argued with no man. He received a 
veteran's pension and lived solely on it. 

He and his half brother Aaron Tutewiler often cooked outdoors 
in an iron kettle. Aaron spoke of making a pudding in the kettle. 
Early, often of a morning, Rufus could be seen walking along the 
street carrying a big turtle by the tail that he had caught in Cot- 
tonwood or Muddy Creek. 

I don't believe they ever had a modern toilet but they did have 
water in their home, which was a shack of an affair. 

Sometimes some person, thinking Rufus was simple-minded, 
tried to get the best of him. Rufus incessantly ended up making 
fools over the ones that were needling him. Rufus didn't realize 
the person or persons were putting him on, so he, in his naivety, 
got the best of the smart alecks that were belittling Rufus. 

The Jewett people were good to see that Rufus had plenty of 
clothes to wear. My husband asked, "Rufus, could you use some 
of my clothes I no longer want?" Rufus said, "I don't know 
where I would put them, people bring me so much of their old 
clothes." I never saw Rufus wear anything but faded overalls. He 
was buried in the Jewett Cemetery with a military funeral. 

Isa Winnett of Greenup grew up in the Jewett area. She was 
one of the later teachers in the Jewett School. She was a teacher 
who saw that all her young pupils were well wrapped warmly when 
they went home from school. 





r ♦ 


The Cumberland County Historical Society on a tour of Cumberland County, 
seen here at the foundation of the stagecoach stop in Jewett. They also visited the 
route of the stagecoach that ran south to northeast, they visited Daniel Needham's 
grave (an elected congressman) and Holkenbrink's Clock Repair Shop in Sigel. 

Jewett Baseball Team - Front: Oscar Bean, Earl Fogleman, Harold Greeson, 
Dana Brown and Ray Reemer. 

Back: Jock Bowman, Emil Shull, Lubert Huisinga (team manager), Herbert 
Huisinga and Guy Ray. 

The two men in the care are W. J, Huisinga, father of the two on the team, in the 
front seat and Ott Cox sitting in the back. 

Joann Shafer, Lavona Gray 
and Clara Kingery 



The frontier began moving across Cumberland County 150 
years ago. It is humbling to think about what that meant to the 
land and the people. Represented by a small dot at 39° north 
latitude and 88° west longitude, Neoga, Illinois, was spotted on 
the big globe in 1825. Kickapoo Indians were in possession of this 
territory until the Black Hawk War drove them west. 

To grasp a better meaning of this great development read the 
early development of this part of Illinois in the 1884 book includ- 
ed in the first part of this book. Pages 219-222 relate to Neoga. 
Also, pages 35 and 36 in the 1968 book furnish more history. Two 
more publications, a 1940 issue of the Neoga News and a 1956 
centennial book by Agnes Voris can be found in the Neoga 
District Library and they give more information than can be given 
in this space. 

The establishment of the Illinois Central Railroad shifted the 
development of Cumberland County along the National Trail to 
include the Neoga area. The early town straddled the railroad 
with ten blocks on the east land grant property of the Illinois Cen- 
tral and the ten blocks on the west the first Bacon and Jennings 
Addition. The official plat was recorded at the Cumberland Coun- 
ty Courthouse on June 16, 1856. The railroad expected to make 
Neoga a major terminal and division point. 

Today, only one line of track remains, the control tower and the 
station are gone. One must go to Mattoon to make use of Amtrack, 
the present owner of the line. The Nickel Plate line still exists as 
one line of track. 

In 1864 three Amish men left their home states in search of 
land suitable to begin a new settlement. Their travels took them to 
Missouri and Wisconsin. Returning from Missouri they arrived in 



George W. Albin 
James H. Orr 
George W. Albin 
Nathaniel C. Green 
James H. Orr 
Samuel F. Wilson 
Milton A. Ewing 
Francis M. Bradman 
Bazil Clements 
Stephen D. Taylor 
Philip Welshimer 
Jonathan Higgins 
Thomas R. Hancock 
Franklin P. McMunn 
Milton A. Ewing 
Edmund E. Dow 
J. C. Neal 
Foster Swengel 
Tilson V. Worland 
Ray W. Birch 
Arthur T. Ellis 
Edward Floyd Crockett 
Edward Floyd Crockett 
Mrs. Helen C. Meyers 
James V. Worland 
Morris A. Mettendorf 
Morris A. Mettendorf 
Gay Hutson 
Stanley Warren Cravens 



















Acting Postmaster 




Acting Postmaster 


Acting Postmaster 


Acting Postmaster 






Pana, 40 miles west of Neoga. On Sunday they "strolled" to 
Neoga because they heard the Illinois Central still had land for 
sale. They left Neoga by train to Mattoon and walked 16 miles 
north to Areola and decided on making a settlement there. This 
would have made a difference in the community of Neoga if they 
had decided to settle around Neoga. 

The "town hog" must have existed since the hog was encircled 
within the official seal adopted by the first city fathers. Between 
1856 and 1869, the residents governed themselves. The roving 
animals, particularly swine, and arguments over "spiritous li- 
quors" and other problems brought on by closer living caused the 
city fathers to seek a charter. This was granted in 1869. Nearly a 
year was spent preparing for the local political basis for the Neoga 
town. The first elected officials took office May 1, 1870. The 
oldest ordinance dates back to 1870. Neoga was organized as a 
village in 1871. 

Gone are the dirt streets which were either muddy or dusty 
depending on the weather. Gone are the planks for sidewalks. In 
many instances the bricks that replaced the planks are gone. Cats 
and dogs have replaced the animals. Horses are used mainly for 
pleasurable riding or the development of specific breeds. Gone is 
the hand-drawn cart with glass milk bottles. Swine and cattle 
operations are farm businesses with well developed housing that 
controls everything but the odor that saturates the air, crowding 
out more desirable odors. Gone is the wood cutter occupation, the 
hoople industry, the great fruit center that was known interna- 
tionally and the great hay industry. Gone is the wolf who had her 
den northeast of Neoga for many years. Gone is the coal mine west 
of Neoga where Ed Beals lost his life in 1932. His son-in-law 
George Dollars pulled him from the mine. 

Three established churches, the Presbyterian in 1854, the 
Methodist in 1868 and the Baptist in 1872, are in existence today. 
The Neoga Masonic Order No. 279, the Order of Eastern Star No. 
96 and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows are meeting 
regularly today. All businesses listed in the 1884 book no longer 

Submitted by Beulah Walker 

NEOGA - 1992 

The Village of Neoga became a city when they became a com- 
mission form of municipal government in 1933. They published 
their revised ordinance book of the City of Neoga on July 1, 1933. 
The city is one of the few commission forms of municipal govern- 
ment remaining in existence today. Mayor Robert L. Shaffer was 
commissioner of public affairs. Other commissioners were Chester 
A. Bigler, accounts and finances; Clarence E. Swengel, public 
health and safety; Leo H. Wente, streets and public im- 
provements; and Omer C. Husband, public property. 

In 1986 a $375,000 Community Action Development Program 
Grant was written and received by the city. Those funds were 
loaned to Kern Manufacturing Company to retain 150 jobs and 
create 50 new jobs. Kerns built a new plant on Trowbridge Road 
which improved the working conditions of their employees. 

The 8375,000 is paid back to the city. In turn, the city loans this 
money with a low rate of interest to new or existing businesses to 
help create jobs. At the present time two loans have been made 
from these funds, with one pending. 

The city provided incentives to help attract Heartland Chris- 
tian Village to Neoga. This nursing home construction will be 
completed in July of 1992, bringing approximately 70 new jobs. 
Three levels of nursing care, skilled, intermediate and con- 
gregate, will be provided by the home. 


The 1992 City Council of Neoga is very active in working for 
community and economic development. The present city council 
includes James W. Short, mayor, and the following commis- 
sioners, Gary Mercer, public works; Michele Carruthers, public 
health and safety; Richard Kepp, finance; and George Warner, 
streets and alleys. Patricia D. Ehrhart is city clerk, and Cheryl 
Eastin is city treasurer. 

Submitted by Patsy Ehrhart 


Chester A. and Sherman E. Bigler were sons of Albert 
(1854-1951) and Susie Butcher (1866-1952) Bigler. A daughter 
Alma (1888-1951), married to Albert Springer, was a nurse. They 
were born near Sigel where they grew up. At one time all the 
children lived in Neoga. 

Dr. Sherman E. Bigler 

. ^ 









Sherman (1883-1951) became a physician and surgeon. He prac- 
ticed in Neoga for 41 years. He attended Austin College in Effing- 
ham and Northwestern Medical School, graduating in 1907. He 
interned at Chicago Polyclinic and Henrotin hospitals where he 
met a nurse Margaret McArthur (1884-1959) from Toronto, 
Canada. They married in 1910. 

When Dr. Sherman began his Neoga practice in 1909, he had 
an office in the Dow Building above Swengel Brothers Furniture 
Store. Later he had his practice in connection with his home. He 
was an active community worker. He served on the N.T.H.S. 
school board. The family attended the Presbyterian Church. 

Sherman and Margaret's children are Virginia (1911) married 
to Giles McGinley (1902-1979) and living in Benton Harbor, 
Michigan; Catherine (1915-1976); and Warren McArthur. Warren 
(1913-) is married to Myrtle Shields (1918-) and they have four 
sons, David, Gregory, Douglas and Donald (1958-1965). 

Chester (1889-1969) became a dentist and practiced in Neoga 
until his death. He married Ruth Devore (1890-1986). Dr. Bigler 
had his office in his home on the corner of 7th and Oak. They had 
two children, Elizabeth (1914) married to Charles Swank 
(1914-1986), Ret. Lt. Col. Army, and Richard who is married to 

The following Biglers are buried in the Neoga Cemtery: Albert 
and Susan, Chester and Ruth, Sherman and Margaret, Catherine 
and Donald. 


John James Jemsek resides at 3009 Western Avenue, Mattoon. 
He was born October 8, 1918, to Gregory and Feodosia Jemsek in 
Argo-Summit, Illinois. His parents were married in a village near 
Minsk in the Ukraine in 1903. They came to the United States 
with their oldest daughter in 1912 before the Bolshevik Revolu- 

Dr. John J. Jemsek 

Dr. Jemsek was the fifth of eight children. He was salutatorian 
of his high school class. He graduated from the University of Il- 
linois Medical School in 1942. He was a member of the Phi Chi 
Fraternity and Alpha Omega Epsilon Honorary Fraternity. He 
had a rotating internship at West Suburban Hospital in Oak Park. 
During World War II he served overseas as a captain and bat- 
talion surgeon with the Engineer Combat Battalion in the Third 
Army from 1943-1946. He received the Bronze Star. 

After returning to the United States Dr. Jemsek started his 
general practice of medicine in Neoga. He opened his first office 
January 21, 1947, on 6th Street across from Kern Mfg. In 1950 he 
bought a building from Earl Ellis and moved north of Short Fur- 
niture Co. on Chestnut Street. 

On May 1, 1948, he married Marijane Robertson in Mattoon, Il- 
linois. She was a graduate of St. Catharine Academy, Springfield, 
and Siena College, Memphis, Tennessee, with a B.A. degree. She 
was the first woman's program director of radio station WLBH. 

Dr. and Mrs. Jemsek lived in Neoga five years where two 
children were born. Joseph Gregory and Mary Caria resided with 
their parents in a home on east 6th Street. 

At the present time Dr. Joseph and his wife Annette and two 
children reside in Charlotte, North Carolina. Mary CarIa Cho- 
quette, husband William and children Katherine, Peter and Marie 
reside in Seattle, Washington. The other members of the family 
are Gina Jemsek, a music education teacher in Charlotte, North 
Carolina; Angela Ballas and husband John D. and children Jen- 
nette, Elizabeth, John IV and Daniel reside in Yorba Linda, 
California; and John Paul, Ph.D., a hydro-geologist, and wife Liv 
reside in Enfield, New Hampshire. 


In 1954 Doctor Anton Dippold came to Neoga from Chicago 
with his wife, Eva, and four-year-old daughter, Bianca. This was 
his first prctice after serving in Weiss Memorial Hospital in 
Chicago. He established his first office in the Earl Ellis building, a 
former grocery store. 

Later he built a new home accommodating his office. This 
home was on East Sixth Street across the street from William and 
Helen Short. While living in Neoga, two more daughters were 
born, Evelyn in 1955 and Susie in 1958. Christine was born after 
moving to Mattoon. 

The Dippolds enjoyed Neoga and Eva Dippold has fond 
memories of their neighbors, the Shorts and the Daughterys. An- 
ton and Eva were from Austria and Yugoslavia. One day Eva 
needed to go to Casstevens Grocery Store and since they had only 
one car, Eva hopped on her bicycle and quickly made her pur- 
chase. The Neogans not used to bicycling as a means of transpor- 
tation questioned the doctor about his wife's sanity. 

At one time the doctor had a call for duty for the Korean War. 
He was worried how his family would have income so he decided 
to raise nutrias. He built a large tank for the animals. Caroline 
and George with their son Bill and the Dippolds went to St. Louis 
to the zoo. On the way back, Eva remembered she had failed to 
shut off the water. They called back to Helen Short to take care of 


the water problems. They raised seven animals but the quality of 
the fur was poor. The doctor was not called to duty and the nutria 
business was given up. The friendship with the Shorts brings back 
many happy times to Eva. The Shorts shared their rock hound 
adventures and taught Eva how to polish stones. 

Dr. Dippold left Neoga in 1960 to establish a practice in Mat- 
toon. For a year and a half he traveled back to Neoga four times a 
week. With special arrangement he used the office attached to his 
former home. 

Dr. Dippold died in 1982 in Mattoon, Illinois. 


In the spring of 1986 Ron Lake, minister of the First Christian 
Church, Neoga, contacted Christian Homes of Lincoln, Illinois, on 
behalf of the community of Neoga concerning building a nursing 
home in Neoga. Christian Homes, a Christian Church-sponsored 
ministry, administered nine nursing homes and retirement 
centers in Illinois and two outside of Illinois in 1986. 

After meeting together with Ron Lake, mayor David Mc- 
CuUough and other Neoga officials, the Christian Homes 
Development Committee recommended to the Board of Christian 
Homes that the project be developed. 

A steering committee was formed, made up of area Christian 
Church representatives, Roger Bridges, Windsor; Marvin Under- 
wood, Stewardson; Robert Luse, Altamont; Paul Berthold, Effing- 
ham; Robert Young, Mattoon; Jim McDaniel, Effingham; and 
Ron Lake, Neoga; and mayor David McCuUough from the Neoga 
community. Later Paul Montgomery of Windsor replaced Roger 
Bridges and mayor James Short replaced former mayor David Mc- 

The committee began to meet monthly with Willard Evans of 
the Christian Homes Board of Directors as chairman. Plans were 
made to purchase 18 acres on West Trowbridge Road, and the 
committee began to work to develop a plan for a retirement 
center. The city government of Neoga pledged $70,000 of gifts in 
kind toward the project. Christian Homes began a program of in- 
forming the Christian churches of the area and raising financial 
support. The community appointed a fund-raising committee of 
Richard Kepp, chairman, Phyllis Krueger, Connie Albin, Tommy 
Himes and Sandra Swengel. This committee, working with 
various community leaders and citizens with a number of pro- 
grams, raised $67,000 over a three year period. This check was 
presented in September 1991 at an appreciation dinner at Neoga. 
At this dinner Ron Lake mentioned that Mrs. Dorothy Oakley had 
long had a vision of having a nursing home in Neoga. 

During 1989 four duplex apartments and a maintenance 
building were erected on the site. The 69-bed nursing home and 
assisted living building were started in the spring of 1991 with the 
completion date of July 1992. McElwee & Associates of Joplin, 
Missouri, were the architects and AAA Construction Managers of 
Crawfordsville, Indiana, were the construction supervisors. 

The great interest and cooperation of the community of Neoga 
and their city government made this project possible. 


Neoga's first Children's Christmas Shopping Spree was held 
December 15, 1990, at the Neoga Municipal Building. The pur- 
pose of the shopping spree was to help children from ages three 
through ten to make gift selections for family members without 
their parents present. More than 70 volunteers helped some 300 
children select and wrap the children's gifts. The items for sale 
ranged in price from 25t to $3.00 and were either donated by in- 
dividuals or at reduced prices by the local merchants. Profit made 

Children's Christmas Shopping Spree 

by the sales is used to purchase the Christmas wrapping, ribbon 
and Scotch tape. 

The Cumberland County National Bank was the primary spon- 
sor of this event and provided the 500 fliers that were given out to 
the students through the fifth grade at the Neoga Elementary and 
St. Michael School at Sigel, Illinois. Dortha Greeson organized 
the shopping spree. 

This event was so well received that it was repeated again on 
December 7, 1991, and was termed even more successful. 


Camp New Hope is located on the original Henry Parker farm 
three miles north of Neoga and provides camping experiences for 
children and adults with developmental disabilities. The camp is 
open to people over ten years of age and able to take care of 
his/her normal bodily functions. A mental age of five is desirable. 
Campers are accepted on a first-registered basis, regardless of 
race, ethnic origin, religion or sex. The camping season runs ap- 
proximately ten weeks and will provide overnight camping from 
June through mid-August. 

They are helped physically through supervised outdoor living, 
mentally through the stimulation of exposure to adults who care 
about them and emotionally through the discovery of their ability 
to adjust happily to a world outside their immediate family circle. 

An experienced full-time director with a complete office staff is 
coordinated with a certified school psychologist as program direc- 
tor. Doctor's Group is on call from Sarah Bush Health Center. A 
camp nurse is on duty 24 hours a day. There is a full-time 
maintenance department on call 24 hours a day. The meals are 
state approved. A water-safety instructor is on the staff. Eastern Il- 
linois University and Lakeland College provide competent 
counseling and give input to special projects. A favorable 
camper/staff ratio of three to one is essential for a successful 
camping experience. 

Special activities include riding the camp train, jumping in the 
moon walk, hay riding and enjoying regularly scheduled dances 
with live bands. Wheelchair participants enjoy rafting and lake 
fishing on a specially designed raft. 

The main building seats over 100 people and houses the dining 
hall, restrooms, game room and program offices. Six comfortable 
cabins accomodate up to six campers and two staff members. An 
arts and crafts pavilion, outdoor theater, large floating dock and 
fishing pier, pioneer cabin, maintenance building and ad- 
ministrative center complete the physical facilities. The swimming 
pool is fenced in. The campgrounds are fully accessible with 
asphalt pathways throughout the 40 acres. 

Don McDowell, camp director since 1977, provides insight to 
the many efforts that have been made to achieve the present 
facility. In 1972 the Parent Group for the Retarded, Inc., leased 


Camp New Hope 

15 acres from the City of Mattoon. The first activities were limited 
to a period of time prior to ten o'clock before the "normal" peo- 
ple came. This was to the first marina that existed on Lake Mat- 
toon. Later Mattoon deeded 40 acres to Camp New Hope which is 
their present permanent location. Camp New Hope began day 
camping in 1973 and residential programming in 1977. In 1976 
the Parent Group for the Retarded made a written agreement for 
Illinois Jaycees to purchase services from Camp New Hope. 

Camp New Hope receives donations of money and items. A 
"beat-up" truck gave much service in its lifetime. The $12,345 
the Coles County Fire Fighters Association received from raffling 
a steer was used to construct the main dining hall. A Mattoon 
group of quilters has donated quilts for raffling. Business and 
Professional Women's Club, Charleston Kiwanis, V.F.W. Post 
4325, the Youth ARC and unnamed individuals are a few of the 


The Evergreen Chapter #96 observed the 100th anniversary of 
its founding in December 1986. Following is a history of the 
organization. The Order of the Eastern Star, in the fall of 1886, 
was undergoing a season of mushroom growth, chapters springing 
up rapidly. Several from Neoga had become members of Elect 
Lady Chapter of Mattoon and at once were interested in a chapter 
in Neoga. By December of that year Evergreen Chapter #96 was 
instituted here, largely through the efforts of Mrs. Maggie Wilson, 
Mrs. Mary Singer and H. A. Aldrich who later became the first 
worthy matron, associate matron and worthy patron of the new 

An efficient corps of officers of Elect Lady Chapter #40 of Mat- 
toon came and instituted the chapter with a special dispensation 
to initiate 19 charter members the same evening. The first public 
installation was in December of 1887, a very elaborate affair. 
Three and four-course dinners were served in the homes of 
members who would accommodate the people. 

In 1960 the Masonic Hall located over the Neoga Locker Plant 
was damaged by fire and several places were used to hold 
meetings. After a few months the theatre building was procured 
by the Masons and it has been the meeting place for the O.E.S. for 
many years. 

As of 1991 there are 49 paying members of the Eastern Star. 
There are eight 50-year members: Verda Clay, Lockie Kepp, Viv- 
ian Fromme, Jennie Brown, Evelyn Walden, Beulah Walker, 
Mary Mills Payne and Elizabeth Stewart. Verda Clay, who is now 
100 years old, was worthy matron in 1925. As of this writing there 
are 23 past matrons and eight past patrons living. 

Submitted by Gertrude Greeson 


Neoga Independent Order of Odd Fellows was chartered April 
17, 1867, being the first such lodge in Cumberland County. 
Charter members were John S. Nonsez, Mahlon Votaw, Thomas 
D. Sampson, Benjamin R. Spencer and David Neal. 

The location of the building where the lodge was instituted is 
unknown; however, it is believed the lodge has since had two 
previous buildings. At present meetings are held in the Municipal 
Building in Neoga. 

Present members are David H. Brumleve, Fred Campbell, 
Lewis H. (Bud) Claybaugh, Warren Claybaugh, Robert Craig, 
Earl Fosender, Wayne Hutton, Donald Johnson, James Mayhall 
Sr., James Mayhall Jr., Gerald L. Mattern, Forrest McDermott, 
Charlie H. Meyers, Joe O'Dell, Clifford Potts, Clyde Potts, 
Howard Reichart, Harold Russell, Irl Schuyler, Donald L. Scoles, 
Foster Soliday, William (Max) Storm and Gary Wheeler. 

In the 21st century the long-lasting name of Odd Fellows will be 
known as the Three Link Fraternity relating to the links of friend- 
ship, love and truth. Odd Fellows strive to elevate the character of 
man by relieving the distressed, educating the orphan and dignity 
in the burial of the dead. 


On November 19, 1891, 16 good citizens of Neoga saw the need 
in the community for help in the relief of the distressed, education 
of the orphans and assistance in the burying of the dead. Charter 
members were Sisters Cora Crookshank, Sarah Abercrombie, 
Mary Peters, Jane Hanks, Alice Crookshank, Jennie Brandt and 
Alice Brandt and Brothers P. C. Abercrombie, J. W. Peters, 
Thomas Hanks, George Brant, L. D. Roberts, N. Crookshank, 
James Keller, James Hicks and P. L. Devour. 

As a result of the interest of the above-named citizens, the 
organization was chartered and named Azure Rebekah Lodge 

After 100 years of good work currently there are 48 members: 
Kathy Ballinger, Winifred Bingaman, Judy Claybaugh, Laura 
Coen, Mildred Coen, Mary Cordes, Pauline Cordes, Arline 
Crockett, Sybil Daubs, Patricia Ehrhart, Rowena Finley, Letty 
Gillman, Vivian F. Gordon, Hazel Graham, Dortha Greeson, 
Margaret Fosbinder Hamilton, Mary James, Delores Johnson, 
Evelyn Keck, Lela Kuster, Mildred Lane, Gail Lenkner, LaDon 
Louthan, Lois Luallen, James E. Mayhall, Marilyn Mayhall, 
Dorothy McDermott, Agnes O'Dell, Judy Sue O'Dell, Lora Perry, 
Mary Ann Preece, Phyllis Scoles, Rose Smith, Agnes Soliday, 
Foster Soliday, Norma Stewart, Lorene Storm, William (Max) 
Storm, Sylvia Swinehart, Leonore Tabbert, Jeralyn Watkins, 
Grace West, Gary Wheeler, Janet Wheeler, Beulah White, Donna 
Wills and Maxine Wright. Associate members are Howard 
Reichart and Iva Reichart. 


The Neoga BPW was chartered on March 11, 1967, sponsored 
by the Cumberland BPW organization and has for the last 25 
years been many things: community supporter, political activist, 
charitable donor and stable institution. The Neoga BPW current- 
ly has 37 members of which nine are charter members: Ruby 
Braden, Dortha Greeson, Dorothy Kimery, Nancy Lawson, 
Marilyn Mayhall, Dorothy Oakley, Lorraine White and Dorothy 


The Neoga club participates in BPW activities on the local, 
district, state and national levels. Its members and representatives 
attend meetings and conventions at every level. The club yearly 
establishes goals in line with national federation objectives and 
supplements the national objectives with specific local determina- 
tions. BPW/USA federation objectives are to elevate the stan- 
dards for women in business and the professions; to promote the 
interests of business and professional women of the United States; 
to extend opportunities to business and professional women 
through education along lines of industrial, scientific and voca- 
tional activities. 

The Neoga club has been instrumental in the establishment of 
the Rolling Prairie Library System in this area. It has worked 
toward the foundation of the Neoga District Library. 

BPW members were active in the securing and development of 
the Municipal Building. They assumed the debt of the piano until 
final payment could be made. They have donated chairs and 

As annual accomplishments are reviewed, we take pride in our 
local efforts. Countless dedications of monies, equipment or 
volunteer help have been made to Heartland Christian Village 
Nursing Home, AFS, DARE, RIF, Presidential Classroom for 
Young People, Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Cumberland 
Life Center, Children's Shopping Spree, and Helping Hands for 
the Disabled. Neoga BPW has awarded a college scholarship each 
year for more than a decade, planned a youth leadership con- 
ference for high school students at Lakeland College, held 
"Career-Shadow Day" and sponsored a baby "Loan-A-Seat" pro- 
gram. These and other projects have been financed through fund- 
raisers such as the BPW Holiday Boutique, raffles, cookbook and 
utensil sales, Jonah Fish Fry and quilting on National Quilt Day. 
Neoga BPW is active in the political arena by holding "Can- 
didates' Forums" during the election years and participating in 
the State Legislative Conference. 

For 25 years Neoga BPW has been a positive group of women 
helping women, making our community a better place to live. 
Membership in BPW is open to all employed individuals who sup- 
port the objectives of the federation. Neoga BPW meets on the 
third Thursday of each month at the Neoga Municipal Building. 
Meetings begin at 7:30 p.m. Refreshments are served beginning 
at 7:00 p.m. during a social interim by the host committee. Mary 
Cowger is the 1992 president. 

Submitted by Judy Brownback, Michele Carruthers and Agnes 


The Neoga Arts and Craft Club held its first meeting in the 
Neoga Municipal Building on January 20, 1983. Officers elected 
for the first year were Arlene Crockett, president; Dorothy 
Kimery, vice president; Vera Queen, treasurer; and Alice Otto, 
secretary. Dues of one dollar were set and 27 women paid their 
dues and became charter members. 

The purpose of the club was to meet in fellowship and share the 
skills possessed by the members or to find instructors who could 
teach a desired craft. At the next meeting Arlene Crockett taught 
crocheting and Jo Casstevens taught knitting. 

Over Jhe years many beautiful things have been made. 
Members come and either work on the craft being taught that day 
or "do their own thing." Originally, the meeting scheduled for 
the fourth Thursday in the month was to begin at 9:30 and last un- 
til 3:00 with a covered dish dinner at noon. The starting time and 
the covered dish dinner are still the same but the closing time is 
now determined by how long it takes to finish the craft of the 
month. Also members come and go as their personal schedules 

To offer an outlet for the beautiful things being made, to make 
it possible for the members to get back some of the money spent 
on materials and also to finance some community service projects, 
a yearly bazaar was started. It was decided that each member 
could make things to sell at her own table but that she would also 
make something for the club to sell at its table and/or provide 
some of the food for the lunch and snacks served bazaar day. Raf- 
fle tickets are also sold and each year some lucky winner takes 
away a beautiful quilt, doll, stuffed toy or some other craft. 

Over the years, using the money made on bazaar day, the club 
has been able to provide the Municipal Building with a microwave 
and stand, a step stool and card table and to give the Neoga 
Library money for craft books. Donations have been made to the 
Cumberland County Life Center, Camp New Hope, the Diabetes 
Foundation, the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts and other community 
projects. Also lap robes were made for nursing homes. 

At this time the club still has 27 members. Members come and 
go as work or family responsibilities draw them away but some of 
the faithful who have kept the club active are Helen Bridges, 
Arlene Crockett, Opal Zimmer and Dorothy Kimery. Before her 
death Vera Queen not only served as treasurer for several years 
but encouraged and nurtured the club's every effort. In recent 
years Carolyn Williamson has been a real inspiration. 

Officers for 1991 are Carolyn Williamson, president; Helen 
Bridges, vice president; Mae Britt, secretary; and Opal Zimmer, 

Submitted by Frieda Rollings 


Each year since 1948 the Neoga area has set aside a period of 
time for a celebration. The first Neoga Community Day was held 
August 11, 1948. It was advertised as providing free entertain- 
ment, the crowning of a queen, races and games for the children, 
a half and half dance and a good Softball game. The idea was a 
brainchild of the late George Burrell and was sponsored by the 
Chamber of Commerce and Neoga American Legion Post #458. 

The second year Carl Snyder, editor of the Neoga News, termed 
the event successful despite the polio scare. Walt Chappelear and 
Howard Louthan dipped nearly 1,000 cones and Bill Elson lost 
count of the number of hamburgers served. Herman Wolfs 
agriculture exhibit drew many visitors. The Neoga Chamber of 
Commerce planned to make the celebration next year better. 

The commemoration of Neoga's Centennial Year in 1951 was 
combined with Neoga Day and celebrated for two days, August 14 
and 15. There was a centennial parade, costume and beard judg- 
ing, a centennial pageant, an amateur contest and dancing. 

The celebration reverted back to one day until 1969 when ac- 
tivities were scheduled beginning Friday and lasting through 
Saturday. It was first termed "Neoga Days" in 1974. 

In 1981 Neoga's quasquicentennial year, the clebration was 
held on July 4, involving the American Legion fireworks display. 
From then on until 1986 August was the designated month. 

The celebration of Neoga Days has shifted to June. This year, 
1992, the theme will be "Saving the Environment." 

At first the talent was from the local community but soon attrac- 
tions from out-of-town were included. This year will include a 
parade and floats which have been popular for several years. 
There will be a kiddy tractor pull, 5-K and Fun and Run Race, ex- 
hibits. Miss Neoga Pageant, a raffle sponsored by the Chamber of 
Commerce and bands on stage. 

The BPW will have a Jonah Fish Fry and the fire department 
will have a chicken fry. Women's organizations from four church- 
es. Catholic, Christian, Presbyterian and United Methodist, serve 
ice cream, pie and cake on pre-arranged nights. 


The Neoga Township High School class of 1936 will have a re- 
union on Saturday night. 

Jane Miller is the chairman, a job she has held for the last three 


The Neoga District Public Library is the realization of efforts 
made by the Business and Professional Women's Club. In 1967 
the superintendent of schools called Jo Casstevens, then presi- 
dent, and threw out the challenge. March 13, 1968, the library 
began as a bookmobile, visiting Neoga two hours every other 
week, offering art prints, recordings, films and 4,000 books to all 
ages. In 1992 it is a premanent building housing 17,000 books, 99 
records, 57 periodicals, six cassettes, two newspapers, 39 video 
tapes and 21 software programs. 

Jo Casstevens made the contact with the Rolling Prairie 
Libraries System, solicited funds from other clubs and individuals 
and welcomed the mobile on its initial visit. Ralph White, high 
school principal, and Vera T. Queen, grade school principal, 
scheduled time for each teacher and classroom to visit the mobile. 

A public referendum established the Neoga Township Library 
April 6, 1971. Newly elected trustees were Marilyn Mayhall, 
Blanche Riser, Lloyd Carruthers, Gary Mercer, Jo Casstevens, 
Louis Buchanan and Agnes Voris. Jo Casstevens was first library 
board president. 

The bookmobile service continued until July 3, 1976, at which 
time the F. D. Voris building, built in 1908, was dedicated as the 
home of the Neoga Township Library. At the ribbon cutting 
ceremony. Mayor Don Claybaugh awarded the new library $3,000 
taken from the city revenue sharing funds. 

Rolling Prairie Library seeded the library with 4,000 books. 

Vera T. Queen served as library board president during the 
1977-1987 term. Other people that have been elected to serve on 
the library board are Lorraine White, Jennie Brown, Carol 
Swengel, Sharna Schwindt, Glenn Braden, Bill Hardesty, Michele 
Carruthers and Marian Lindley. After 1987 Lorraine White served 
as president of the board. Marian Lindley succeeded Lorraine 
White. During the 1977-1987 interim, the library board worked 
diligently toward securing grants and were successful. 

1977 marked the beginning of a pre-school story hour offered 
each Tuesday. Sandy Swengel, affectionately known as Miss San- 
dy, has remained resident storyteller. 

In 1983 Michele Carruthers became librarian. 

Neoga District Library 

The library became a district library by a board resolution in 

The Neoga Area Librarians Association was formed August 
1989. Charter members are Barbara Sheehan, Neoga Elementary; 
Kay Starwalt, Pioneer; Patricia Andrews, Neoga Senior High; and 
Mary Alice Cowger. 

The library works in cooperation with the Heart of Illinois Talk- 
ing Book Center, participates in the Reciprocal Borrowing Cove- 
nant and is a member of the Rolling Prairie Library System. 


The development of Lake Mattoon gave Mattoon a source of 
water but to many people it provided opportunity for a type of liv- 
ing not common to prairie land inhabitants. Its 56 miles of 
shoreline border Cumberland, Coles and Shelby counties. Before 
the man-made lake began filling in July of 1958, people began 
moving to plots of land that would be touched by the lake waters. 
In 1992 36 subdivisions are clustered around the lake with over 
700 lots, developed or for development. 

There was considerable discussion about naming the lake. The 
majority of property owners have a Neoga mailing address and a 
name with some reference to Neoga would be less confusing. Lake 
Matoga was suggested but Mattoon insisted the lake was built for 
their water supply and not for recreational or residential pur- 
poses. It is the owners of the residential plots who assume the care 
of the shoreline. Three hundred twenty-nine acres of the lake are 
in Cumberland County. Shelby County claims the largest acreage 
with 371 acres and Coles County has 65 acres. 

By 1979 meters were installed for 233 original signers. Seventy- 
two signed as the meters were installed. The F.H.A. application 
was for 16 miles of pipeline in the three counties. In 1992 there 
are 384 customers, 113 full-time and 118 seasonal residents are in 
Cumberland County. Shelby County has 66 full time and 79 
seasonal residents while Coles has only two full-time and six part- 
time. Water is purchased from the Clearwater Service Corpora- 

Map of Lake Mattoon 


tion. Gertie and Stanley Randolph have read meters, cared for ac- 
counts and been troubleshooters the entire time. 

Lake Mattoon resulted from the damming of a portion of the 
Little Wabash River which flows through the northwest corner of 
the county. Lake Mattoon is the largest lake in Cumberland Coun- 
ty. Fishing is popular as a sport. 

Some of the family names associated with the development of 
the lake are Parker, Morgan, Lane, Phillip Woolery, Northcutt, 
Abel, Delong, Bartlett, Prahl, Short, McCabe, Erwin, Caudill, 
Robert Woolery, Coen and Lockhart. 


The Neoga Municipal Building, dedicated in 1980, is a result of 
community effort. It is the location of the city clerk's office and a 
voting place for the township. It provides people in the area a 
meeting place for organizations, family and class reunions, an- 
niversary and birthday parties, quilting and quilt shows, rum- 
mage sales and other group activities. 

Neoga Municipal Building - to the left is the auxiliary building for police and 

Until 1988 it was the location of the police office, water depart- 
ment and ambulance service. A new building on the south side of 
the Municipal Building alleviated crowded conditions and the 
police department and ambulance department are now located 

In 1974-75 a committee for aiding the construction of a com- 
munity center was formed. Dorothy Greeson, Blanche Riser, 
Robert Stortzum and Mr. and Mrs. Ken Jackie instigated a survey 
for a civic building. 

A workshop at Lakeland College was attended by Dorothy 
Woolery, Dortha Greeson and Vera T. Queen. The civic participa- 
tion committee attended the meeting where discussion included 
Federal Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, eligi- 
ble applicants and accepted activities. The Community Develop- 
ment Task Force applied for a grant early in 1975. 

Dortha Greeson, Vera Queen and Dorothy Woolery made trips 
to investigate possibilities for the building. Dortha reported back 
to the various city organizations supporting a civic building. It 
was decided by the city council to build a Stran Steel building. 
Don Claybaugh was mayor at the beginning. 

Revenue sharing funds, in addition to donations, were used. 


One of the latest and most intriguing community projects, the 
Suey Fest, supports a very worthy cause. Neoga needed a fall 
festival of some sort but those planning the celebration felt Neoga 
had a greater need when they faced up to the fact that five Neoga 
youths had diabetes and were insulin users. Insulin is a derivative 
of the lowly pig and the pig industry is big in Cumberland Coun- 

Jane Miller, 1992 chairman of 
Neoga Days and Suey Fest, and Lin- 
da Gentry, owner of Linda's Shop 

The "Kiss the Pig" jars located in the various businesses bring 
in money that is given to the Eastern Illinois Juvenile Diabetes 

On the second weekend in September the Suey Fest provides 
space along Chestnut Street for venders. In 1991 the United 
Methodist Women, under the guidance of Nila Elgin, held a 
homemade ice cream and cake social and a quilt show in the 
Municipal Building. Egg rolls were featured by the Presbyterian 
Women's Society in their vending booth. BPW sold knives and 
spatulas. The City of Neoga vended their recently designed tee 
shirts printed with the new corporate seal of the City of Neoga 
and the words "Neoga Naturally." 

There were contests. The girl with the longest pigtail was 
crowned "Little Miss Pigtail." People entered dressed up as pigs 
for the Prettiest Pig Contest. The winner of the "Kiss the Pig" 
contest got to kiss the pig. Also there was a pig calling contest. A 
band was engaged and a street dance was held that night. 

The idea was brainstormed in the shops of Linda Gentry and 
Vickie Erwin's Klip and Kurl. Jane Miller, Linda and Vickie can 
be credited with calling the public's attention to the worthwhile 
celebration that should be in the history book of the year 2017. 


After serving in the Civil War, Mahlon Votaw returned in June 
of 1865 to Greenup where his family had been residing. Mahlon 
moved his young family to Neoga and was named president when 
the town was granted a charter in 1865. 

On December 26, 1865, Mahlon constructed a 20-foot frontage 
building on what is now known as Chestnut Avenue. This lot is 
now the site of the city fire hall. 

The exact date that the furniture and undertaking business 
began is not known. Early tax lists are incomplete, but a list for 
1869 taxes due would indicate a building on lot 4. In 1870 the cen- 
sus for Neoga listed Mahlon as a furniture dealer. The earliest 
known undertaking entry was for a coffin sold for $14 in July of 
1871. Mahlon used his carpentry skills to make the coffins for his 
undertaking business. 

A January 1890 ad in the Neoga News advertised, "Coffins, 
burial robes, hearse free, constantly on hands - a nominal charge 
for team and driver except on high priced goods, in which case no 
charge for the driver." 

In the depression following the panic of 1893, Mahlon's 
business developed financial problems. Mahlon sold the store in 
1894 to his son Oren Votaw, then employed in Indian schools in 
what is now Oklahoma. Oren worked in the furniture store until 
returning to Indian territory in 1896. 


About this time Lyman T. Votaw, another son of Mahlon, 
started managing the store. After several years of apprenticeship, 
Lyman became the owner of the business in 1898. The name of 
the store changed to L. T. Votaw Furniture & Undertaking. 

In 1900 lot 4, with the original store building, was sold for $500. 
The store was relocated a half block south in the north half of lot 
9, purchased in 1901 for $900. In 1904 the north eight feet of the 
south half of lot 9 were purchased. This area was the site of the 
store for many years and is part of the present store. 

Lyman Votaw discontinued the undertaking part of the 
business at the end of 1919. About this time, Lyman's son-in-law 
William Leon Short became associated with the furniture store. 
William Leon Short had married Lilah Votaw in 1909. About 1923 
William Leon became manager and in 1929 the store name was 
changed to W. L. Short Furniture Company. 

In 1940 William Leon's son William Votaw Short became 
associated with the store. Another son James Avery Short joined 
in 1941. After both men served in World War II, they returned to 
work at the furniture store in Neoga. William Leon's son-in-law 
George Burrell joined the business in 1946. George was married 
to Jeannette Short. Also in 1946 the store building was enlarged to 
the north. 

William Leon Short retired in 1947 and the name of the store 
was changed to Short Furniture Store. The two sons and one son- 
in-law operated the Neoga store until 1956. At that time a partner- 
ship of William Votaw and Helen Short, James Avery and Frances 
Short and George and Jeannette Burrell was formed. A second 
store was purchased in Shelbyville, Illinois, from Garold and Olive 
(Short) Woodard. William V. Short and James A. Short then 
operated the Neoga store; George and Jeannette Burrell operated 
the Shelbyville store. 

In July of 1959 a fire started at the Neoga store, threatening to 
burn the entire city block. The blaze was contained in the store, 
but substantial damage was sustained. The store used the Legion 
Hall for a display room until restoration of the building could be 
made. The Neoga store reopened in September. 

In 1971 the Neoga store was expanded to the south when the 
company purchased the Carruthers building. William V. Short 
retired in January of 1978 and James A. Short in January of 1980. 
George Burrell died in April of 1980. 

Short Furniture Store, 1979 - Front: George L. Burrell, James A. Short and 
William Votaw Short. Back: Stephen George Burrell, John Willis Burrell, James 
William Short and William Walter Short. 

Fifth-generation family members presently operate the Short 
Furniture Company. James William Short, son of James Avery 
and Fran Short, operates the Neoga store. Stephen and John Bur- 
rell, sons of George and Jeannette Burrell, operate the Shelbyville 
store. William Walter Short, son of William Votaw and Helen 
Short, was associated with the Neoga store until the company pur- 
chased a third store in 1982. Located in Litchfield, Illinois, the 
store is operated by William Walter and wife Jane Short. 

Short Furniture Company, Neoga, Illinois, 1992 

Originating shortly after the Civil War, the family-operated fur- 
niture store has been in existence for more than 120 years. 
Submitted by Margaret L. (Short) Stuntz 


The funeral home in Neoga was established in 1894 by two 
brothers, Frank M. and Kay Swengel. At that time it was known as 
the Swengel Brothers and was located at the corner of 6th and 
Chestnut. Frank and Kay operated the funeral home for several 
years, and later Frank's son Fred B. Swengel came into the 
business. In June of 1929 the funeral home was moved to the pres- 
ent location on Oak Street (Route 45), and at that time the 
business was known as the Swengel Funeral Home. 


First Hearse of Swengel Brothers - Purchased from H. C. Fancher. Kay is driv- 
ing and Frank is standing at rear. Young buck Fred is watching with typical 
teenage indolence. His turn came later. Hearse when new cost 81,300, was sold by 
Swengels at auction for $5.00. 

After Frank's death, the business was continued by Fred B. 
Swengel and his wife, Susie. Fred B. and Susie's son Dean M. 
Swengel came into the business around 1932, and they operated 
the business as partners until the death of Fred B. Swengel in 
April of 1959. 

Dean continued the business, and in July of 1959 he hired Joe 
E. O'Dell of Mattoon. In December of 1969 Dean and Joe entered 
into a partnership and the business was known as the 
Swengel-O'Dell Funeral Home. 

In January 1970 Joe and Judy Swengel O'Dell purchased the 
remaining interest in the funeral home from Dean and Carol 
Swengel. At that time Dean retired and later passed away in 
August 1989. The business was continued by Joe and Judy O'Dell. 
The building was remodeled and a new addition was added to the 
funeral home in 1972, and in 1973 a new three-car garage was 
added to the building. 


In 1978 William D. O'Dell, son of Joe and Judy, came into the 
business, and in 1984 Tim J. O'Dell, also a son of Joe and Judy, 
came into the business. At the present time (1992) the business is 
known as the Swengel-O'Dell Funeral Home of Neoga, Illinois, 
and continues in the same location since 1929. 

Submitted by Joe O'Dell 


Clarence E. Wright and daughter Alice Elizabeth Wright Parker, 1924. 
Wright's Grocery was located in Neoga in the building that is now known as 
Braden's Paint Store. 


James P. Soward graduated from Northwestern Pharmacy 
School in Chicago, Illinois. He lived in Fithian where he and his 
brother owned and operated a drug store. When he left Fithian he 
worked for St. Moffet Druggist until 1912 when he purchased a 
pharmacy in Philo, Illinois. The family lived in Philo until about 
1928, and at that time they moved to California where Jim applied 
for his California pharmaceutical license. He worked and lived in 
the Los Angeles, Giendale area. 

During the Depression, in 1930, Jim bought the drug store in 
Neoga, Illinois, from Mr. Kreke who lived in Effingham, Illinois. 
Prior to Mr. Kreke owning it, the pharmacy was owned by Amber 
Wilson. After they moved back to Neoga, Jim's daughter Lorene 
took over operation of the drug store after she learned the 

James P. Soward married Nellie Elizabeth Shutt, and they were 
the parents of two daughters, Princess Vera Soward, born 1899, 
died 1952, and May Lorene Soward, born May 12, 1909, and mar- 
ried William Max Storm. 

Whitney McKinney and James 
Soward, owner of Soward Drug 


Bernie Peters has been a barber since 1931. Bernie graduated 
from Neoga Township High School in 1930 and didn't settle down 
immediately. Charles M. Peters, Bernie's father, closed Peter's 
Restaurant on Oak Street and offered long-time barber Fulton 
Lowe (Shorty) $50 and six months free rent to teach his son the 
barber trade. This career Bernie pursued except for service as a 
medical technician in the United States Army from 1942-1945. 

Bernie bought his barber shop equipment from Homer 
Crookshank in 1937. To visit Bernie in his present shop on 
downtown 6th Street is a visit back to the year 1900. He bought 
the 40' X 18' building in 1946. It is a building between two other 
buildings. On the east the structure shares a common wall with 
the present Kruger Insurance Office. On the west the wall is 
shared with a vacant building. (Many will remember the vacant 
building as Niemeyer Meat Market.) 

Mary Ruth McKinney, sons Whitney and Bill and Lorene Soward Storm in the 
Soward Drug Store. 

Bernie's Barber Shop ■ Bernie 
Peters, barber, with customer Paul 

In the interior of the building the high ceiling is tin embossed 
in a pretty design. The sinks and high splashbacks are of marble. 
The tops of the wall vanities are marble. Unless replaced the fix- 
tures are brass. The wood frame around the three large plate glass 
mirrors has a design from the Eastlake period. A large tank is con- 
cealed above the ceiling. This dates back to the days when Neoga 
did not have a water works. Water was pumped from an outside 
pump up to the tank to supply running water to the faucets. The 
tank remains in the ceiling because it was placed there before the 
ceiling was added and it is too large to be removed. The original 
red-cushioned chairs have been sold, however, the present chairs 
are not new. 

Bernard M., son of Charles and Annie J. Miller Peters, was born 
in Neoga May 4, 1911. His siblings were a twin sister Berneice 
Moore, sisters Ellen Roy and Edith McCormick and brothers 
James Russell, Lloyd and Charles M. 


While in service in Abilene, Texas, he married Doris Leota 
Johnson from Effingham on March 9, 1945. The planned mar- 
riage and honeymoon, to coincide with his discharge, were 
delayed because the discharge was extended four months and 
Bernie was sent to Denver, Colorado. His new bride had to return 
to Effingham. Four months later he was discharged. 

The Peters children are Gloria Platz (1948), twins Judy Davison 
and Jane Slaughter (1950) and Mary Wakefield (1954). 

Bernie Peters Day was declared on May 4, 1987, to com- 
memorate his 50th anniversary as a Neoga barber. 6th Street was 
closed. Balloons clustered to resemble huge barber poles 
decorated the building. Venders lined the sidewalks. Antique cars 
were part of the decor. 


Martha Wright has been a hairdresser in Neoga since 1945. She 
began working in Mary Lou Upmor's Shop on 6th Street east of 
Mercer's Pharmacy. This area is now a parking lot. At one time 
Mary Ballinger had a dress shop in the same location. 

Martha moved to rooms over Braden's Paint Store where she 
began her own shop. In 1949 Martha and her husband, Walter, 
built a house on 7th Street. They incorporated a beauty shop in 
the floor plan. This became their home and Martha's Beauty 
Shop and has been ever since. 

Martha attended Vacula's Beauty College in Paris, Illinois. 
Martha has seen many changes in the method of caring for hair 
and in the products used. Cold waves were developed which 
eliminated time and heat. Previously, spiral rods and heat were 
used. She recalls a customer relating how she traveled to Chicago 
for her permanent and using one rod at a time was so time con- 
suming it took all day to give the permanent. 

Martha was born to Frank and Anna Niebrugge on January 18, 
1927, in Sigel. She attended St. Michael's for three years of high 
school. Her senior year was at Effingham where she graduated. 
On September 3, 1949, she married Walter Wright, son of Walter 
Sr. and Erna Wright of Neoga. Walter was born September 24, 
1921, and died June 2, 1987. 

Martha and Walter adopted a daughter, Sandra Marie, when 
she was three days old. She was born December 19, 1965. 

Sandy grew up in Neoga and attended Neoga schools. She 
graduated from Neoga Community High School. She is very effi- 
cient in the computer field and in accounting. She works for 
Trailmobile, Inc. Sandy married Keith Dryden, son of James and 
Leoma Dryden, on May 5, 1986. Keith was born January 21, 1965, 
and he is employed by Walk Farms. They have two children, 
Steven, born September 23, 1987, and Emma, born November 18, 
1989. They live on Route 121 near the curve. 

After Walter's death, Martha continued to operate her shop. 
She had health problems in 1987, but since then she has resumed 
operating her shop and caring for her grandchildren during the 


Sue's Hair Hutch - The beauty shop is through the door on the far !eft, at 649 
Walnut, Neoga. 

^ n 


Sue's Hair Hutch, 649 Walnut, Neoga, Illinois, was started by 
Sonya Sue Baker in March 1978. Sue's business for cosmetology 
is in a house that was bought in 1966 from Mary Edith Trigg. 
Mary had bought the house at auction from the Grayson family. 
In 1978 the back porch was remodeled for the salon. Since then 
the inside of the house has been remodeled and the outside had 
vinyl siding put on in 1988. 

Submitted by Sonya Sue Baker 


I started Dave Sudkamp Plumbing, Heating and Electric on 
January 1, 1978. Prior to that time, I had been in the same line of 
business with my father and brother in Sigel. I grew up with a 
pipe wrench in one hand and a lineman's pliers in the other, so 
the work wasn't anything new. 

However, striking out on my own was a big step and I spent 
more than one sleepless night wondering if I had made the right 
decision. After talking it over with my wife, Linda, and with her 
help and encouragement, that's what we decided to do. 

I started working out of my garage in the house we owned on 
Willow Drive in Neoga on January 1, 1978. At first I worked by 
myself, but by September of '78 I hired my first full-time 
employee. Later that same year I added a second employee. I con- 
tinued with two employees for several years and moved the 
business to a bigger house on Hickory Drive. 

In the fall of 1988 the ground occupied by the former Neoga 
Sale Barn south of Neoga on Route 45 was put up for sale. (The 
original building was erected for an International Harvester 
dealership operated by Marion and Dexter Greeson.) After several 
months of negotiations we were able to purchase the ground in 
March of 1989. The old sale barn had burned to the ground and 
no attempts had been made to clean up the debris. So — we had a 
massive clean-up on our hands. We hauled 18 tons of tin to Mat- 
toon to be recycled and also hauled off many, many tons of old 
concrete blocks and various other trash. 

During the summer of 1989 we erected a 40 x 100-foot metal 
building on the site of the former sale barn. It is now the official 
homesite of Dave Sudkamp Plumbing, Heating and Electric. I 
presently employ three men plus myself. We do residential and 
commercial plumbing, wiring, heating and air conditioning. New 
construction, repair and remodeling work are all done by our com- 

The poeple of Neoga and Cumberland County have been very 
supportive of our business and we hope to continue here for many 
more years. 

Submitted by Dave Sudkamp 

Neoga Basketball Team, 1904 ■ Fausta Birch, Mary Cullum, Gertrude Head, 
Lissie Lowmaster, Inez Votaw, Zella Roberts, Irma Fancher, Grace Goode and 
Lois Carruthers 


1935 Championship Basketball Team, Neoga - First row: Ralph Sharp, mascot. 
Second row: James Short, Robert Coen, Bernard Hayton, John Wallace, Leiand 
Scott and Gordon Hayton. Third row: Charles Colin (coach), Doris Wilson, Robert 
Ellis, John Elson, Wilber Fearday and Freeman Gruenwald (manager). 



Won National Trail Conference Tournament; won the Oblong 
Tournament; won the Stewardson-Strasburg Regional; season 
record: 21 wins, seven losses. 

Submitted by Beulah Walker 

ii' .»i^» m 

Neoga High School 1990 Girls Volleyball Team ■ First row: Shari Swank, 
Yvonne Goodson, Valerie Schutte, Rhonda Goodson and Chastity Alexander. 

Second row: Coach Lori Berger, Sarah Titus, Mindy Krabel, Chris Roy, Stacy 
Sudkamp, Cara Carpenter and Heather Dodson. 



This is like a TV re-run. This program was given to the Kiwanis 
Club in 1953 and I hope this slightly revised version will be in- 
teresting to you now. In 1953 the first statement was — Next year 
the citizens of Toledo will celebrate the 100th anniversary of our 
village. It is with the thought in mind that our club should take a 
leading part in arranging a centennial celebration that I have 
prepared this paper concerning the early history and founding of 
our fine community. In this bi-centennial year of 1976 we should 
again look back on the beginnings of our community. 

Originally the territory comprising Cumberland County was in 
Crawford County and then in Clark County. In 1831 Coles County 
was formed and included the territory which we now know as 
Douglas, Coles and Cumberland counties. 

The first settlement in what is now Cumberland County was at 
Johnstown. As far back as 1827 John Tully operated a water mill 
and distillery above Johnstown on the Muddy. Early history ac- 
counts that the whiskey of the early distilleries of the county had 
at least ten fights to the gallon. 

Greenup is much older than Toledo. The first settlement in the 
vicinity of Greenup was a town platted in 1833 as Embarrass on 
land just west Greenup, apparently on what we know as the 
fairgrounds of today. This settlement was also known as Roseville 
and Nachez Under the Hill and was never destined to develop as 
Joseph Barbour platted the original town of Greenup in 1834. 

The people of the oversized county of Coles were dissatisfied, 
for in those days of primitive travel, the county was much too 
large. The people of Charleston particularly worked toward a divi- 
sion into three counties so as to leave Charleston as the central 
location of the shrunken boundaries of Coles County. This effort 
culminated in an act of the Legislature approved March 2, 1843, 
and thus Cumberland County was born. It is interesting to note 
that at the time of the formation of Cumberland County our 
population was about 2,000. 

The act of Legislature forming the county provided that the 
town of Greenup was to be the de-facto or temporary county seat 
and that an election be called in order to locate a permanent 
county seat. Had the citizens of Greenup promptly called an elec- 
tion we can be assured that there would be no Toledo, Illinois. As 
it was, Greenup was the only settlement of any size in the county, 
and there seemed little need to rush the matter of the election. 
During the first year as an independent county, the northern sec- 
tion of the county developed rather rapidly and in 1844, when the 
election was finally called, a point on the Embarrass River in what 
is now Cottonwood Township, known as Sconce's Bend but plat- 
ted as DeKalb, was the victor over Greenup for the county seat by 
a vote of 219 to 212. The seat of justice was never removed to 
Sconce's Bend or DeKalb for it was said that the title to the 
premises was encumbered and it was feared that the county would 
be placed in a poor financial condition by removal of the county 
seat to that location. 

It was decided to again submit the matter to the people and in 
February 1849 an act of the Legislature authorized another elec- 
tion. In this election there were numerous choices for the voters as 
the ballot included Greenup, Pleasantville, which we now know as 
Jewett, Jerome, Buck's Noll, Bill Dad at the mouth of Muddy and 
a site of 40 acres offered by Nelson Berry. The Berry site, which 
was located upon part of the land we now know as Toledo, was the 
winner and if it hadn't been for another mixup we would have 
celebrated our centennial in 1949. As it turned out, the act of 
Legislature under which the election was held provided that the 
fact of the election and its result should be certified to by the 
county clerk of Cumberland County and delivered to the speaker 

of the House of Representatives at the next session of the 
Legislature, which certificate shall be full evidence of the fact, 
and which certificate shall be laid before the said House of 
Representatives and the point so selected shall be established and 
be and remain the permanent county seat of Cumberland County, 
in such manner as may be provided for by a law to be passed by 
the Legislature at their next session and not otherwise. The cer- 
tificate of the facts was, it was said, to be sent to the member of 
the House representing this county, but from design or accident it 
did not reach him, and Greenup, although defeated for a second 
time, continued as the temporary county seat of Cumberland 

Following the first victory in 1849, which bore no fruit, four 
landowners caused the original town of Prairie City to be platted, 
evidentally in preparation for the conclusive election in 1855. The 
town was officially platted on June 10, 1854, on part of sections 30 
and 31 in township 10 north, range 9 east of the third p.m. by 
Nelson Berry, John Berry, Lewis Harvey and William P. Rush. 

A third election was held in 1855, a year following the official 
platting of the original town of Prairie City, and the vote was 616 
to 518 in favor of Prairie City over Greenup. In all this protracted 
struggle covering the period from 1843 to 1855, Greenup was 
forced to take the defensive attitude and while continually 
defeated still enjoyed the advantages of success. 

Following this third election the county commissioners ordered 
the building of the courthouse on the public square in Prairie 
City. If you wonder about the phrase "county commissioners," be 
advised that the government of the county was by the commis- 
sioner system at the outset, and it was not until 1859 that steps 
were taken to divide the county into townships. The present eight 
townships came into being on January 27, 1861. 

Bennett Beals and Wiley Ross took a contract in December of 
1855 to erect a courthouse at a cost of $10,500. The contract pro- 
vided that the building should be 40 feet square, that the founda- 
tion should be a good, thick, heavy limestone three and one-half 
feet high, 20 inches below the ground and 22 inches above. The 
walls were to be 27 feet high, the first story walls 15 feet high and 
21 inches thick, and the second 12 feet high and 17 inches thick, 
to be constructed of brick. Other specifications called for three 
outside doors, 19 24" light windows, a cupola and a bell that 
could be heard five miles. Following the fire which destroyed this 
building and all public records, a new building was begun in 
1887, following another election over the location of the county 

It was 1857 before the county records were removed to the new 
courthouse erected in that year in Prairie City. At this time 
wagons were sent to Greenup to haul the records, and it was in- 
deed a fearfully exciting time which very nearly resulted in a bat- 
tle. A. K. Bosworth, who was the county clerk at that time, refused 
to remove the records of his office and entertained the idea that 
they could not be legally removed. Following a lawsuit concerning 
removal of the records, Mr. Bosworth refused to come to Prairie 
City to act as clerk, although he was willing to serve in Greenup, 
and it was necessary to remove him from office and appoint a suc- 
cessor, A. G. Caldwell, to fill out the term. At the time of the next 
election Mr. Bosworth's passions had subsided and he was again 
elected as county clerk and this time served in Prairie City. 

You may wonder why we have dwelt on the courthouse fight so 
much, but since Toledo is located at the geographical center of 
the county and was originated solely for the purpose of being the 
county seat, any history of Toledo necessarily must emphasize the 
courthouse elections. 


In 1866 an election was called to incorporate the town of Prairie 
City and all votes were cast in favor of incorporation, the incor- 
poration being effective as of June 10, 1866. 

The original name of the town was found to conflict at the Post 
Office Department with another Prairie City in the state, and the 
Post Office Department, in establishing an office here, hit upon 
the name of Majority Point as its designation. To outsiders this 
became the name of the village for several years, but it was never 
an official name. An election was had and Toledo received 39 
votes to 17 for Majority Point, and thus Toledo was the third 
name for our town in a little over 20 years. In 1881, on August 
27th to be exact, an ordinance was presented and adopted chang- 
ing the name of the Village of Prairie City to that of Village of 
Toledo, Illinois. 

In 1877, when the Mattoon and Grayville, later the P.D. & E. 
and now the Illinis Central Gulf Railroad, commenced operations 
the material for our station was printed Majority Point and con- 
fused the issue for some time. An old book, printed in 1884, states 
that the three names of Prairie City, Majority Point and Toledo 
vex the citizen and confuse the stranger. 

To the surprise of no one may I say that an early history states 
that the site of the public square was originally very unpromising 
and that a large pond of water covered the most of it. 

On the night of November 4, 1885, the courthouse was 
destroyed by fire. Following another election relative to the loca- 
tion of the county seat, a new courthouse, the present structure, 
was built in 1887. 

The first schoolhouse was a one-story, frame structure that was 
also used for church services. 

This covers the founding and early days of our town. I hope you 
have enjoyed hearing about it as much as I have enjoyed bringing 
this presentation to you. 

This was presented by Scott Everhart in 1976. This story is 
sponsored by his son Millard Everhart. 


(Originally established as Majority Point) 



Joseph Bloxom 
Wiley Ross 
Joseph Bloxom 
Thomas T. Boles 
Joseph Bloxom 
Alexander G. Caldwell 



Miss Rebecca G. Mumford Postmaster 

Alexander G. Caldwell Postmaster 

James N. Beacon Postmaster 

Henry T. Woolen Postmaster 

Andrew J. Lee Postmaster 

(Changed to Toledo on September 1, 1881) 

Andrew J. Lee Postmaster 09/01/1881 

Postmaster 04/24/1885 

Postmaster 04/25/1889 

Postmaster 04/10/1893 

Postmaster 07/29/1897 

Postmaster 12/14/1904 

Postmaster 07/21/1913 

Postmaster 07/01/1922 

Rufus Sumerlin 
John T. Connor 
Richard Norfolk 
John T. Connor 
John F. Ashwill 
Benjamin F. Neal 
John E. Hughes 
Edgar A. Neal 
Rufus B. Grissom 
Rufus B. Grissom 
Gilbert Redfern 

Acting Postmaster 03/02/1934 
Acting Postmaster 12/12/1935 
Postmaster 06/01/1936 

Acting Postmaster 02/21/1956 

Hugh H. Holsapple 
Hugh H. Holsapple 
Mrs. Mabel M. Collier 
Mrs. Mabel M. Collier 
Sherry A. Poe 
Robert A. Donsbach 

Acting Postmaster 09/21/1956 
Postmaster 09/06/1957 

Officer-In-Charge 06/29/1973 
Postmaster 12/08/1973 

Officer-In-Charge 09/26/1986 
Postmaster 02/28/1987 






D. S. WALL. Floor Manager. 

Supper at "masonic house.'' Music by loyd k easton. 


This 106 year old Invitation 
was found by Scott Everhart In 
looking through belongings 

He was aJso kind enough to go 
through old abstracts to get the 
lollow.'lng information. 

Morcland's Hall could have 
been In one of two locations. 
George Moreland acquired Lot 2 
In Block 6 of the original town of 
Prairie City April 12, 1864 This 
would bewhereLashmet Marshal! 
Funeral Home Is now located on 

the north side of Courthouse 
square. He sold this lot to Steph- 
en D. Tossey In March of 1865. 

George Moreland acquired Lot 
1 in Block 10 In the original town, 
of Prairie City on Oct. 3, 18651 
and owned It until April 21, 1868. 
This lot Is the location of the pre- 
sent Caiter BuU'ling on the south, 
side of the square. 

The name, of Piairle City was' 
changed to Toledo by an ordln 
ance -adopted August 27, 1881. 

A New Year's invitation, found in 1971 by Scott Everhart 

5^^ ^xS ^5^ ?55£5 ^£ ^ 5^' ^ i^H 



I S pecials for Two Weeks f 

Eartborn ware at coat. Tbis ware is the fiiieKt made 
A and cannot be dupticalcd: 

Umbrella Stands, north 83.00; miiatgo 'U S^' OD 
2.50; ■' '• ■■ J :•'. 

,. .. ,. 3 2,1; " " " 1 (HI 

Jardtuieree, with pedoalale, Sil (Kl; must go at 82 UU 
2 BO; ■■"••) -r, 

2 00; * l.fiO 

2 25; " " ' l.BI) 
JnrdiniereH, worth TBo ; nuiHt go nt ftOr. 
" " (10c.; mn at so at 40r. 

" " -^Oo.; [unct CO ot SSr. 

j« ROCKERS— all prices, from $1.00 to $10.00 .* 

8oe our Silk Flosn MattreeneH. Wo bnvo a few mnre Mflllionsre 
ot t3 00 up L<i grt 00. Jiiet received -Int of Irnn Rods -nil priiT" 
Buy your WiqiIow Hbadei from ua Bie linn of Wimlow Olofli - n'l 
pizBB. Bring your riotiireo and have thfin frorned If j on wbdI 
Wall Paper cheap, come to see us. YoufB to I'leaef. 


'Northeast Corner Square, Tlie Fiiriiitiiic Man 


;L Phones: Store, 39 — 2 Ringe; Uesidpnce, n3--3 Rings Jj: 

November 1910, an ad in the Toledo Democrat. Note the phone numbers at the 



Plans were started during the year 1900 for a water and light 
plant in Toledo. 

In late 1901 the electric light plant was installed and water from 
the reservoir was used to run the light plant. 

The first electric light plant in Toledo, John Rhodes, left; John's son; John 
Pfister; David F. White, right. 

The powerhouse was erected by Chas. Atkins and was made of 
brick, 24x40 feet, concrete floor and steel roof. Foundations were 
laid by Aaron Wisely for the engine and dynamo. Wells were dug 
for the water supply. 

Charles Pfister was the first village electrician, formerly from 
Greenup. Leonard Rhodes assisted him and later took it over. 

In 1928 the plant was badly in need of repair and was sold to 

Later Dewey S. Quinn moved his broom works in this building. 
At this time the building is all gone. 


The Toledo Reservoir was opened in July 1901 by Messrs. 
Spencer and Roberts, with refreshments, fireworks and a perfor- 
mance by a man walking across a wire 160 feet in length across 
the reservoir. The Toledo Band played music for the occasion. A 
crowd of 300-400 people from all around Greenup and Casey at- 
tended in the heat. 

Toledo Reservoir, 1992 

Boating and bathing were the attractions along with picnicking 
and each Thursday evening a summer band concert was held. 

The reservoir is a very attractive place today to the fisherman, 
picnickers and hikers. A playground and tennis court adjoin the 
reservoir in 1992. 


The accompanying illustration is that of a 75-barrel mill located 
at Toledo, Illinois, the county seat of Cumberland County which is 
a beautiful little town of 2,000 inhabitants, good schools and 
churches and a splendid farming country around it. 

The mill is located on a switch of the Illinois Central Railway 
but the tracks are not shown in the illustration. There are shown 
in the illustration three wind spouts projecting through the walls. 
During the summer of 1906 dust collectors were put on the wheat 
cleaners and these wind trunks removed from the walls and the 
holes neatly bricked in. 

The Starger Mill, located two blocks north of the depot and west across railroad 
tracks in Toledo. 

The foundation walls are two feet thick and the mill house walls 
are 17 inches thick to the third floor. The elevator or wheat 
storage part of the building has 17-inch walls. The walls are all 
sound and free from cracks. 

The land with the mill consists of something over one acre, 
bounded on the east by the Illinois Central Railway and on the 
south by one of the principal streets of the town and has located 
on it a water pond of ample capacity for use in steam making. 

On the west side of the building shown is the wheat receiving 
and corn receiving department. It is arranged to drive in on the 
first floor at the arched door. In the west end of the building there 
is a large wheat sink under this driveway, with conveyor that 
discharges into a stand of elevators having 12 inches wide by six- 
inch projections. Storage capacity is 20,000 bushels. 

In the basement of this part of the building is located one Little 
Victor corn sheller and cleaner combined. There is one cob 
elevator with 9"x5" cups by which the cobs are elevated and 
thence conveyed to where they will drop into the front of the 
boiler room. There is also, in the basement of this department, a 
conveyor that delivers the clean shelled corn to the corn elevator 
in the flour mill. There are three portable scales in the mill. 

The power plant is in a brick boiler and engine room adjoining 
the mill and there is a brick stack which is but slightly shown in 
the cut. 

The boiler is about 54" x 16'. There is a boiler shell put up in 
good shape for feed water heater, the engine exhausting into this 

The Atlas engine is directly connected on the end of the 
machine shaft. 

The mill was in operation and doing a good business up to Oc- 
tober 20, 1906, at which time Mr. Starger died. 

The nearest competition mills for local business are more than 
ten miles distant and altogether it is a good milling property. 


Mr. Starger, a miller who was born February 1845 in Germany, 
built this mill in 1884 in Harvey's second addition of Toledo. This 
mill was a monument to Mr. Starger's industry and thrift. It is one 
of the best mills in the state. Mr. Starger was a great benefit to 
Toledo and was well known for miles around. 

Following Mr. Starger's death, the mill was operated by Mr. 
Singer of Neoga and by the Mallinsons. Later Edgar and Burn- 
ham Neal used it as an oil and gas bulk plant. It was torn down in 
the 1950s. 


Bryan's Speech at Toledo 

Wm. J. Bryan spoke at Toledo Thursday morning, his 

^^^ train stopping for about ten minutes. A large crowd, 

estimated at a couple of thousand, was present to greet him. That 
the special stopped here was due to the energetic efforts of Chair- 
man Yanaway and Secretary Smith, of the county committee and 
also to F. Jeff Tossey, who went to Mattoon the evening before 
and personally looked after the matter of a stop. 


■iaj-' PR.ESJDENT 

Mr. Bryan, being in Speaker Cannon's district, directed the 
greater portion of his remarks to the speaker's record and showed 
that if Roosevelt is right, then Cannon is wrong. 

Mr. Bryan, speaking in behalf of H. C. Bell, democratic can- 
didate for congress in this district, charged that Mr. Cannon, with 
the support of James S. Sherman, strangled house legislation in 
spite of the recommendations of the president. 

Mr. Bryan said, "Now, a public servant is a hired man, and a 
hired man is employed to do what those who employ him want 
done. If Mr. Cannon has done what you want done in the manner 
in which he has discharged the duties of the office, he has a claim 
on you for re-election, but if he has not done the work as you want 
it done, if Mr. Bell's plan suits you better than his, then Mr. Bell 
has a right to expect your support in the carrying out of the doc- 
trines for which he stands." 

September 17, 1908, Toledo Democrat (portion of article) 

Election, Tuesday, November 3, 1908 


John W. Kern Vice President 

Adlai E. Stevenson Governor 

Elmer A. Perry Lieutenant Governor 

Xelpho F. Beidler Secretary of State 

Ralph Jeffris State Auditor 

John B. Mount State Treasurer 

Ross C. Hall Attorney General 

John L. Pickering Clerk of Supreme Court 

John H. Baker Cl'k of Appellate C'rt, 3rd Dis 

H. C. Bell Member Congress, 18th Dis 

F. Jeff Tossey State Senator, 40th Dis 

J. C. Richardson Representatives 40th Dis 

Joseph S. Clark 

Charles Cox Circuit Clerk 

W. C. Greathouse State's Attorney 

Huston Clawson Surveyor 

J. D. Eveland Coroner 

September 17, 1908, Toledo Democrat 


The Toledo Democrat, February 3, 1910 

Formento Cuba, Santa Clara Province, January 12, 1910 

Barton and Wood: 

I was raised in old Cumberland and spent many a happy day 
there. Am a son of Thornton A. Ward. Left there about 26 years 
ago. Lived in Arkansas, Indian Territory, and Alabama, and am 
now living in Cuba - the finest winter climate in all the world. No 
day what you are pleasant in your shirt sleeves and no day that 
you can't go to some of the Cuban shacks, or what they term 
houses and find some of the small kids naked. Never frosts. We 
have a wet season and a dry season. From the first of November to 
about the middle of May is the dry season. They work in their 
cane and raise their tobacco in the winter time. In the rainy 
season they raise their corn and rice. It hardly ever rains all day - 
generally in the afternoons. Sep. and Oct. are the wettest months, 
generally rains some every day. 

The majority of the Cubans don't try to raise anything to sell. 
Only a little tobacco, an acre of corn, 1/2 acre of rice and a little 
patch of eucharis and sweet potatoes are about the average of 
their crops. They eat only two meals a day, drink coffee in the 
morning, eat at 9 and at 3, put in a good deal of time in the winter 
rooster fighting. 

It is very hot in the summer time in the sun, but from 9 a.m. a 
good breeze, but always cool and pleasant in the shade and nights 
always cool. Can sleep under a blanket in the hottest weather. 

They are 10,000 years behind the times here. Still plow with the 
forked stick or crooked stick. Work bulls that pull by the head or 
horns. Roads very bad through the country - impassable for 
wagons through this part. Nearly everything is carried on pack 
mule. Never works the roads and don't have to pay taxes. 

We have bananas the year round and fine pineapples. There 
are lots of Cuban wild fruits. The alligator pears are fine. Some 
kind of wild fruit nearly the year round. All kinds of vegetables do 
well. My tomatoes are blooming. I am in the cattle business in a 
small way, raising them. Have over 300 all told. The grass is fine 
the year round. 

We have two drawbacks on cattle raising here - the ticks and 
screw worms. Have to wash the cattle sometimes to kill the ticks. 
They don't bother the Cuban cattle much, their hide is too thick. 
My cattle are American cattle, or raised from American cattle - 
black and red, Pole and Hereford. All young calves will get worms 
at from one to three days old if not doctored with creoline and any 
cattle getting a scratched place will get worms, so it takes close at- 
tention for success. There are 1400 acres in my ranch. I tend all 
the cattle myself and raise about three acres of corn and 1/4 acre 
of tobacco. I plant my corn at different seasons so as to have 
roasting ears most of the time. I have roasting ears now on my Oc- 
tober patch, November patch waist high, January patch up nicely. 
My first setting out of tobacco will do to cut in about ten days - 
generally cut from 3 to 5 times according to the length of the dry 
season. I got 2 1/20 a pound more for my tobacco than any 


Cuban around here, and raised nearly twice as much to the plant. 
I plow mine, they pretend to hoe. I have about a 1/2 acre of coffee 
bearing. Got 600 pounds this year. Can raise everything to live on 
here but wheat. The Cubans don't feed corn to anything. Their 
hogs live on Pam berries and fruit. They are the hazel splitter 
type. I have an American Dorsey pig, 7 months old, that is a 
wonder to them. I am 35 miles from a railroad. Only two other 
Americans in this part of Cuba, from Ohio. Opening up a copper 
mine two miles from here. Very rich ore. It is hard for a man of my 
age to learn this language. They can hardly understand 
themselves, each word has so many different meanings. 

Repectfully, Allison H. Ward 
Submitted by G. Franklyn Ward 

Dated June 26, 1930 - taken from the Toledo Democrat 

A 50-mile chase of the four bandits who held up and robbed the 
First National Bank of Noble, Illinois, ended a few miles north of 
Toledo with the fatal wounding of one of the bandits and capture 
of the other three. 

Everett Woolen, one of the bank guards of Toledo, was shot 
through the leg, but was not serious. About $775 in cash and 
$30,000 in negotiable securities were recovered by Sheriff Glenn. 
The names of the bandits are Harry Adams, 24, Cincinnati, Ohio; 
Eddie Myers, Ohio; and Jack Dunkin, Ohio; and Carl Robert 
Beese, 25, Ohio, was slain. The bandits used a Buick for the first 
six miles of their journey, and for the rest they used a high- 
powered Chrysler. It is believed they were headed for Champaign 
where the wife of the slain man lived. 

Harry Adams and Eddie Myers were the first to be captured 
when they abandoned their car at Scott woods about four miles 
north of Toledo and a quarter mile west of Bradbury. The fatal 
wounding of the third and capture of the fourth occurred about 
four miles northwest of Toledo. 

Sheriff Glenn received a message from Richland County about 
10:15 o'clock a.m. and he pressed into service three cars of 
deputies. The sheriff went to Greenup and called all local officers 
at such points as Hidalgo, Casey and warned them to be on guard. 
Deputies were stationed at the road going south from Jewett and 
the road from Montrose south. The bandits were reported to be 
traveling the back roads coming north. 

The bandit car was first spotted about one o'clock in the after- 
noon coming up the hill into Jewett at a high rate of speed. The 
bandits eluded the police at that point by taking a side road to the 
east and crossing Route 11 at the John Bowman place. Soon the 
car tore through Toledo, around the square and sped to the east 
with three cars on the trail. After circling around northeast of 
Toledo the car was abandoned at the creek in the Scott woods just 
west of Bradbury. At this point two of the bandits were captured 
without gun shot. 

At the jail Harry Adams, driver of the bandit car, complimented 
Harry Tanner on his driving, declaring it was a mistake of theirs 
in not having a light, fast car for the country. Harry Tanner tells 
of the exciting events of the day: "After receiving the message of 
the robbery at Noble, we piled into my car, Everett Woolen, Bill 
Olmstead, Floyd Cutts and myself. We first went to the hard road 
over to Casey, down to Hazel Dell and back to Greenup. From 
there we went to Jewett, stopped there and got lunch. Returning 
east we met Jake Yanaway, Dr. Rhodes and Wayne Hance. They 
told us the bandits had crossed the hard road at Wheeler. We 
turned back, knowing they would have to cross number 11 be- 
tween Jewett and Montrose. 

"Just as we got to Jewett we saw a car coming up over the hill 
from the south. The bandits saw they were in a trap and took a 

side road. They were not being followed closely at the time 
although several cars were following at a distance. When the ban- 
dits came through Toledo, Jake Yanaway's car was leading in the 
chase, and he turned north at Miller corner just over the creek 
and realized he had taken the wrong road, motioned for us to 
keep on going. The bandits turned north at Mumford corner. We 
followed, being the second car. Roy Goodwin and Mr. Hunsaker 
went past the corner so we got in the lead. The bandits turned 
west past the Dick Hines farm and turned north by the county 
farm, then north on the old Bradbury road where they turned west 
in to the Scott woods. They stopped at the bottom of the hill and 
we stopped at the top. The other fellows in my car went out into 
the woods to search, and I stayed with the car. Shortly after they 
had searched, one of the bandits, the driver of the car, jumped out 
in the road near our car and surrendered to me. He did not have a 
gun on him, however, we did find quite a collection of artillery in 
the car. After several hours of searching we couldn't find the re- 
maining bandits, so it was decided to procure bloodhounds and 
these were put on the scene about seven o'clock in the evening. 
The hounds had barely started to work when word was received 
that the other robbers had been located northeast of Toledo. 
Orlando Stitt had phoned in to the jail stating that two strangers 
were in the vicinity of his house and asking that deputies be sent 
at once. Mrs. Glenn, wife of the sheriff, phoned the pharmacy in- 
forming Everett Woolen of the message. Apparently the two had 
gotten out of the car while it was being pursued and had gone to 
the Stitt house about dusk for a drink of water. 

"Roy Johnson, Tom Tanner, Everett Woolen and Fred 
Grissamore piled into Roy Johnson's car and in a short time 
reached the Stitt place where Orlando got in the car. They drove 
down the road to Sam Snyder's place and asked about whether he 
had seen them. He said no so the men decided they had driven 
past the bandits. Turning around, they retraced their course and 
ran into the bandits about 100 yards from the Snyder residence. 

"One of the bandits opened fire on the occupants of the car. 
Everett Woolen jumped out of the car, fired a shot at the gunman 
and was shot in the leg. At the same instant, the other occupants 
of the car opened fire on the gunman and he soon slumped to the 
ground. The bandit fired five shots at the car, emptying one of his 
revolvers. The right side of the car was riddled with bullet holes, 
the bandit aiming low. The gunman was shot in the forehead. The 
other bandit gave up without firing a shot after Roy Johnson 
jumped out and had him covered." 

Paul Vernon, Floyd Cutts and Donald Cutts received word the 
bandits had been caught and arrived on the scene shortly after 
the shooting was over. The captured man and Everett Woolen 
were loaded into the Cutts car and taken to town. The bandit was 
placed in jail and Everett was treated for his leg wound. The cor- 
oner went for the wounded man and he was placed in the hospital, 
dying about 11 o'clock Tuesday night. The name and address of 
the dead man's wife were obtained and she was notified. She was 
a bride of about six weeks and was shocked to find her husband 
was a bank robber. The father of the dead man, who lived in Ken- 
tucky, was also informed and he came to get the body. 

By John "Bill" Mock 


A tragic train-car crash at about 8:45 Sunday night, April 1, 
1945, near Charleston, Illinois, resulted in the deaths of five 
young people and the serious injury of a sixth one, all residents 
well known in this community. The auto in which the young peo- 
ple were riding was struck by a westbound passenger train at the 
Big Four crossing just north of the skating rink and west of the 
fairgrounds at the west edge of Charleston. 


Those killed were James Michael, 18, of Mattoon; Miss Im- 
ogene Cox, 16, of Woodbury; Garland Redfern, 18, Toledo; Miss 
Letha Tinsman, 15, of Toledo; Mrs. Lulu Jane (Harris) Gaston, 15, 
of Toledo; Max Tinsman, 18, of Toledo is in critical condition at 
an Army hospital in Rantoul, Illinois. He is the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles Tinsman of Toledo and was home on furlough from 
Fort Knox, Kentucky. 

The automobile carrying the six occupants had just left the 
skating rink to return the young people to their homes at the time 
of the accident. The car was driven by Max Tinsman who, it is 
believed, failed to see the coming train due to heavy rainfall and 
drove onto the crossing directly in the path of the speeding train. 

The bodies of the dead persons and that of the injured person 
were first identified by occupants of a second carload of young 
people from Toledo who had gone to the skating rink that evening 
and would have been ahead of the Tinsman car if one of the girls 
had not forgotten her coat and gone back to get it. The driver of 
the second car, Bobby Gentry, Dorothy (Gentry) Hannah (brother 
and sister), Mildred Bowman and another girl were directly 
behind the Tinsman car and the first on the scene. Bobby and 
Dorothy (Gentry) Hannah are first cousins to Lulu Jane (Harris) 
Gaston and Imogene Cox. Their mothers are all sisters. 

Mrs. Lulu Jane Harris Gaston, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar 
Harris of Toledo, was born October 27, 1928. She leaves her hus- 
band, who is with the armed forces in Italy, a daughter born 
November 24, 1944, and several brothers and sisters, all at home. 

Taken from a news article submitted by Opal (Cox) Myers, 
sister of Imogene Cox 


It all started on March 8, 1954, when three persons escaped 
from the Clay County jail in West Virginia. Two were being held 
for breaking and entering and one for forgery and parole viola- 
tion. They were Lawrence Carr, 35, Cecil Summers, 31, and 
Russell King, 31. 

Sheriff John "Bill" Mock, shown 
here pointing lo the window where 
the prisoners dug and pried their way 
to freedom. 

One block from the jail in West Virginia they stole a Chevrolet 
panel ruck and headed west. When they reached Casey, Illinois, 
they stopped to fill up with gas and drove off without paying. The 
alert attendant copied the license number and make of the 
automobile and alerted the state police at Effingham. 

The Effingham police then called Sheriff John (Bill) Mock in 
Toledo, state policeman John Roberts from Greenup and state 
policeman John Elson from Neoga. Both of the state troopers 
were riding together on patrol that Tuesday evening and were 
near JeweM when they spotted the stolen truck. They turned 
around and gave chase when at Woodbury Lake the truck tried to 
turn into a drive just west of the lake and turned over on its side. 

Cecil Summers was apprehended still in the truck about 10:30 
p.m. After an all-night manhunt, by morning one more fugitive, 
Lawrence Carr, was found near the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks, 
hiding. With help from adjoining counties, the search continued 
for the third man, Russell King. The state police, along with coun- 
ty officials, investigated a report that a dog on the Flood farm was 
barking in their barn. A search was made and the third escapee 
was uncovered from hay in the barn loft and taken to the 
Cumberland County jail where the other two were being kept. 

Sheriff Mock notified the Clay County, West Virginia, sheriffs 
office that he had them in custody, but the three fugitives had 
other plans on the night of March 13, 1954. About 11 p.m. they 
broke out of jail, taking another prisoner with them who had been 
in jail on an unrelated charge. The four men had to leave without 
their coats but took a blanket with them. After walking for a few 
blocks the four men stole a State Soil and Water Conservation 
truck parked in front of what is now the Sarah Bush Clinic. 

Sheriff Mock was awakened by another prisoner and im- 
mediately notified the state police. Another all-night ground 
search began until about noon Sunday when the state conserva- 
tion truck was reported stolen, and the search was called off. 

The sheriff had arrived from West Virginia that same Saturday 
afternoon and was to take the prisoners back the next day but had 
to go back without them. Eight days later, on March 1, two of the 
escapees were apprehended in Toole, Utah. Shortly after that the 
stolen truck was found in Paducah, Kentucky, and the remaining 
two were caught in Valparaiso, Indiana. The prisoner who was in 
the Cumberland County jail and went with the three from West 
Virginia was one of the ones caught in Utah, so Sheriff Mock 
made the trip to bring him back, and the other three were re- 
turned to West Virginia. 

Submitted by John "Bill" Mock 


In 1890 Robert C. Willis and James E. Willis, who operated a 
bank at Enfield, Illinois, established a bank in Toledo known as 
the Willis Brothers' Bank and subsequently built a two-story 
building located on the northwest corner of the square to house 
their bank. 

A charter was granted in 1900 to organize the First National 
Bank of Toledo (which was the first national bank in Cumberland 
County) with a capital stock of $40,000. R. C. Willis, B. W. 
McPherson, John W. Miller, Levi Holsapple and Dr. Charles R. 
Bird were directors; R. C. Willis, president; J. W. Miller, vice 
president; Charles Willis, cashier; and Perry Midkiff, bookkeeper. 

By 1902 the capital of the bank had been increased to $50,000 
and J. A. Campbell, who would later become president of the 
Greenup Bank, replaced Midkiff as assistant cashier and con- 
tinued as such for four years. In 1906 the bank building was sold 
and another building leased on the north side of the square until 
1933 when it was purchased by the bank. Following the death of 
R. C. Willis in 1920 Charles Willis became president, W. C. 
Greathouse vice president, Ben C. Willis cashier, and in October 
1920 W. E. Olmstead became an employee of the bank. 

In 1933, in compliance with the national bank moratorium, the 
Toledo bank was placed in voluntary liquidation while steps were 
immediately taken to organize a new bank. The First National 
Bank was granted a charter to operate in Toledo with 95 
stockholders, a capital of $25,000 and a surplus of $5,000. Its 
directors were Ben C. Willis, A. F. Bussard and Chas. M. Connor; 
Edgar A. Neal, vice president; and Wm. C. Olmstead, cashier. At a 
re-organizational meeting in 1935 Ben C. Willis was elected presi- 
dent, Edgar Neal vice president, Wm. E. Olmstead cashier, and 
Millard Moses assistant cashier. In 1942 Miss Lucille Cooley was 


hired to replace Moses upon his entry into the armed services that 
same year. 

In June of 1948 the First National Bank in Toledo purchased 
the assets of the Farmer's State Bank in Toledo. C. S. Rominger 
was the vice president of the Farmer's State Bank. He was now 
hired as a vice president at the new Toledo First National Bank. 
At the death of Ben C. Willis on New Year's Day of 1951, C. S. 
Rominger became president of the bank and held that office until 
his death in September of 1972. 

In 1951 bank assets totaled $1,750,000. Madge Willis was 
elected to the board of directors to replace her late husband. She 
continued as a director until 1978 when she became director 
emeritus due to ill health. She passed away in January 1980. 
Other directors in the bank during this period were C. S. Rom- 
inger, who was president and who came onto the board in 1948 
and remained as a director and bank president until his death in 
1972; Wm. (Pete) Lovins came on board in 1933 and retired 
an active director in 1965. He was an honorary director until he 
passed away in 1969 at the age of 99; Edgar Neal, a businessman, 
came on the board in 1933 and was its chairman for over 30 years 
until he passed away in May 1966, just before the bank opened in 
its new location. 

J. M. Drakeford was owner and printer of the Toledo Democrat 
newspaper. He was a bank director for over 35 years, from 1933 
until his death in 1968; W. E. Olmstead was hired as janitor and 
bookkeeper in 1920. He retired on December 31, 1968, after work- 
ing at the bank for 49 years, staying on as a director until 1971; 
Wilton A. Carr, an attorney, was a director from 1933 until his 
death in 1985. Mr. Carr was also the bank's attorney for many 
years. He became chairman of the board in May of 1966, upon the 
death of Edgar Neal, and was chairman until October of 1980 
when he resigned due to ill health. He was director emeritus until 
his death on Febraury 13, 1985. 

Mr. L. D. Taggart, a businessman dealing in implements and 
an auto dealer and farmer, came on the board at an organiza- 
tional meeting in 1962. He became chairman of the board in Oc- 
tober of 1980 and served as chairman until his sudden death at 
age 68, February 3, 1985. (Note: in 1962 the bank had seven 

In 1964, with the bank's assets at four million dollars, these 
eight directors decided to build a new facility since the old loca- 
tion was no longer able to accommodate future expansion. Three 
lots on North Meridian were purchased with the permission of the 
comptroller of the currency and the new facility was underway. It 
was completed in June of 1966. 

John H. Mock came to work at the bank February 1, 1965, after 
a career as an elected county official that included eight years as 
sheriff and eight years as county treasurer. He became a director 
at the organizational meeting in January of 1967 and later 
became bank president in September of 1972 on the death of C. S. 
Rominger, and he continued in that capacity for 14 years. 

In 1974 the bank was remodeled, a new addition being built so 
that there are three drive-up facilities, new computers and an 
automatic teller machine in service so customers can do their 
banking 24 hours a day. In 1987 John Mock stepped down as 
president but stayed on as advisory for investments and appraisals 
and remained as a director until 1990 when at age 72 he became 
director emeritus, a post he retains at present. 

Burnham E. Neal, son of Edgar Neal and owner of B.E.N. Tire 
Dist. Ltd. Inc., became a director in January of 1967 and was 
elected chairman of the board in February of 1985 upon the death 
of L. D. Taggart. 

In 1971 a stock split was declared to raise capital from $50,000 
to $100,000, at this time surplus being $450,000, undivided profits 

being $191,000, making a total capital of $741,000. Larry Stults, 
just out of the military, was hired in 1969 upon the retirement of 
W. E. Olmstead. Stultz became a director and was appointed vice 
president in 1972. In 1984 he was elected executive vice president 
and chief executive officer and remained in that capacity until 

1987 when he was elected president, but he resigned in February 
of 1988 and left the bank. Robert C. Carr, son of Wilton A. Carr, 
became a director in February of 1974. At the time he became 
director he was employed at Scott's Building Center in Greenup; 
today he owns and manages Carr's Ford Tractor and Radio Shack 
in Greenup. 

By 1972 assets had grown to nine million dollars so the above 
directors decided to remodel. By 1974 a new addition was com- 
pleted, including a basement, office space and storage plus three 
drive-up windows to expedite customer service. At the end of 1974 
bank assets were over $14,600,000.00 and there were 14 

In 1976 a stock split was declared to raise capital to $200,000 
from $100,000, creating 20,000 shares of stock from 1,000 shares 
of stock. Par value went from $100 per share to $10 per share. 

In 1976 Ina Plummer was made assistant cashier. She left the 
bank in 1980. Carolyn S. Swearingen was also made assistant 
cashier in 1976. Mrs. Swearingin was first employed by Toledo 
Bank in 1964; she remained in capacity of assistant cashier until 
1986 when she resigned to accept a position with a bank in Ten- 

In 1977 the bank sold 5,000 shares of common stock at $70 per 
share which added $350,000 to its capital. This created 25,000 
shares of common stock with a par value of $10 per share, making 
capital $250,000, surplus $750,000 and at the close of business in 
1977 the total of all capital accounts was $1,813,000, with total 
assets of $23 million. 

Carroll Ervin, a businessman and farmer, became a director in 
October 1977 and remains one today. In 1978 Mike Black came to 
work at the bank as assistant loan officer. He left the bank in 1979 
to work at the Greenup Bank where he is now first vice president. 
In 1980 Lucille Cooley retired during February with 38 years of 
service to the bank. She had come to the bank in 1942 and was a 
cashier for ten years. Upon her retirement Albert Jansen was ap- 
pointed cashier; he had come to the bank in 1979, leaving in June 
of 1985 to take a position at the Mendota, Illinois, National Bank. 

Carol Jo Fritts came to the bank in December of 1974 and was 
made an officer in 1982. In 1983 she became vice president and 
has served as executive secretary to the board and a loan officer. 
She was appointed cashier in June of 1985. In 1987 she was ap- 
pointed president and director of the bank and remains in that 
capacity today. 

Donna Croy was employed by the bank in 1973 and has served 
in the savings department for many years. She was appointed 
assistant cashier and savings officer in 1983, a position she holds 
today. David E. Robards came to the bank in 1979 and was ap- 
pointed a loan officer in 1980. He was later made second vice 
president in 1983 and handles the installment loan department. In 

1988 he was made senior vice president and holds that position to- 
day. Bradley D. Fitch came to the bank in 1981 and was ap- 
pointed farm loan officer in 1982, working primarily in the area of 
agricultural lending. Bradley left the bank in 1986 and is now at 
the Greenup Bank. Peggy Darling came to the bank in 1974 and 
has served in many different areas of the bank. She was appointed 
assistant cashier in June of 1985 and was made cashier in 1987 
and vice president and cashier in 1988. She remains in that 
capacity today. Paul Tylka (Chris) came to the bank as a part-time 
employee in 1979, was later appointed full time and subsequently 
appointed internal auditor and assistant cashier. Mr. Tylka left 
the bank in October of 1985 to take a position at the Robinson Na- 
tional Bank. 135 

Mr. David Lashmet, an insurance agent with Country Com- 
panies in Toledo, Illinois, was elected to the board of directors at 
the stockholders' meeting in February of 1981 and remains in 
that capacity today. The assets at the close of business in 1981 
were 833 million. David Thompson came to the bank in 1982 and 
serves as an assitant loan officer and has been instrumental in the 
collection department since his employment. He left the bank in 
1987. Tom Webb, a graduate of the University of Illinois with an 
agriculture degree, came to the bank in 1987 and remains as a 
loan officer today. Charlotte Delp became a director in 1987. She 
is the daughter of former director J. M. Drakeford. Charlotte is 
part owner and publisher of the Toledo Democrat, a weekly paper 
here in Toledo. In 1987, also, John Widdershiem of Strasburg, a 
graduate of the University of Illinois with a degree in agriculture, 
came to the bank as a loan officer and remains at the bank today. 
Judi Fogleman Beaumont came on board of directors; Judi is at 
Ben Tire, Inc. here in Toledo. Julie Gray, who came to work at the 
bank in 1976, became an assistant cashier in 1988. She is in the 
computer room. In 1982 Linda Simpson came to the bank, worked 
in most departments and in 1985 became a secretary and in 1987 
became an assistant cashier and secretary to the president. Kathy 
Peters worked at the bank since 1980 and in 1986 she was made 
internal auditor. Kathy Darling came to the bank in 1988 from the 
Greenup Bank where she had worked the past 15 years; she serves 
as loan officer at Toledo Bank. Scott Bland came to the bank in 
1985; he is in the computer department and he became an officer 
in 1990. Employees of the bank as of November 1991 are as 

Carol Jo Fritts, president; David Robards, vice president; 
Peggy Darling, vice president and cashier; Donna Croy, assistant 
cashier and savings department officer; Linda Simpson, assistant 
cashier; Julie Gray, assistant cashier; Scott Bland, assistant 
cashier; John Widdershiem, loan officer; Tom Webb, loan officer; 
Kathy Darling, loan officer; secretaries are Kim Panky, Alice 
Sherwood and Teresa Talley; new accounts, Jenny Leyden; book- 
keeping, Vickie Carrico, Christopher Light and Garrie Carlen; in- 
ternal auditor, Kathy Peters; savings department, Julie Morgan; 
tellers, Patty Fryman, Nancy McElravy, Francie Trostle, Janet 
Yocum; part-time teller, Gini Switzer; custodians, Berlin and 
Freda Stallings. At this time assets of the bank total 48 million 
dollars and it has become a bank holding company this year. 

First Neighborhood Bancshares, Inc., the holding company for 
the First National Bank in Toledo, announced Thursday, 
February 13, 1992, that it had purchased the Greenup National 
Bank. Glen Warfel, president of the Greenup National Bank, 
stated: "After 15 years the bank has once again been returned to 
community ownership." Carol Jo Fritts, president of First 
Neighborhood Bancshares, Inc., added, "The directors, officers 
and employees of both banks take great pride in this transaction 
and what it can mean for the banks and the area." The staffs of 
both banks will remain the same with the following individuals 
serving as directors of First Neighborhood Bancshares, Inc.: 
Burnham E. Neal, chairman; Carroll Ervin, secretary; Carol Jo 
Fritts, president and CEO; Judi Beamont, Robert C. Carr, 
Charlotte Delp, David Lashmet, David E. Robards, advisory direc- 
tor and John H. Mock, director emeritus. The following in- 
dividuals will serve as directors of the Greenup Bank: Judi Beau- 
mont, Robert C. Carr, Charlotte Delp, Carroll Ervin, Carol Jo 
Fritts, David Lashmet, Burnham E. Neal and Glenn Warfel; 
Michael E. Black, advisory director; David E. Robards, advisory 
director; and John H. Mock, director emeritus. The following in- 
dividuals will serve as officers of the Greenup National Bank: 
Glenn Warfel, president; Michael E. Black, senior vice president; 
Bradley D. Fitch, vice president; Beverly C. Howard, cashier; 

Bank Directors and Advisory, The First National Bank in Toledo, Toledo, Il- 
linois - Front row; Charlotte Delp, Carol Jo Fritts and Judi Beaumont. Back row: 
David Lashmet, David Robards, Burnham E. Neal, John H. Mock, Robert C. Carr 
and Carroll Ervin. 

Opal Darling, assistant cashier; and Carol Jo Fritts, investment of- 

The stockholders of First National Bancshares, Inc., are the 
same as the former stockholders of the Toledo First National 
Bank prior to their exchange last April of their bank stock for 
First Neighborhood Bancshares, Inc., stock. These same in- 
dividuals are now the owners of the Greenup National Bank. 


The Toledo Fall Festival started in the fall of 1948 as a celebra- 
tion to honor Dr. Walter R. Rhodes, M.D., of Toledo. In conjunc- 
tion with the celebration, buttons were sold stating, "I'm a Dr. 
Rhodes Baby." Everyone who was delivered at birth by Dr. 
Rhodes was invited to walk in a parade honoring the doctor. Peo- 
ple came from several states and surrounding communities to 
walk in the parade. The celebration was such a success that the 
community decided to hold an annual event in the fall. 

Dr. Rhodes Day, October 2, 1948, Fall Festival 1948, Toledo, 


This car belonged to Beryl Dalrymple, but was like one that Dr. 
Rhodes had. Gerald Dalrymple, in the car, was dressed up like Dr. 
Rhodes, cigar and all. This sure beat the transportation Dr. 
Rhodes had in 1909. 

In 1949 and 1950 a theme for the festivals was to honor the soy- 
bean. Those two years, in conjunction with the festival, was a Soya 
Queen pageant. 

In 1951 the parade theme was "Nursery Rhymes and Fairy 
Tales," and each year thereafter a different theme was selected. 


In 1954 the theme for the festival was the celebration of 
Toledo's centennial. There were no festivals in 1956 and 1957 
bcause the village was installing a sewer project, and the streets in 
Toledo were torn up. In 1958 the festival location moved from the 
north side of the square to the present-day location on the festival 
ground adjoining the square at the northwest corner. That year 
Luehrs' Ideal Rides were booked to bring their carnival to 
Toledo, and every year since they have come back to Toledo. A 
few years later the Luehr family— Hub, his wife, Winnie, and 
children Bill, Jon, Jean and Lorelei— were given a key to the 
village and made honorary citizens of Toledo. 

In 1987 the festival and community honored Dr. Lowell E. 
Massie, MD. The celebration was honoring Dr. Massie's 50 years 
of medical practice in the area and being selected as family practi- 
tioner of the year in Illinois. The festival sold buttons stating, 
"I'm a Dr. Massie Baby," and many people walked in the parade 
honoring the doctor. 

1989 brought a major change to the Fall Festival. The change 
was the month the festival was celebrated. Originally the festival 
was held in the fall, first in October, then settled to the weekend 
after Labor Day. that date was firm for many years. The month 
selected was May, the weekend preceding Memorial Day. The 
name was changed to the Toledo Spring Festival. Moving the car- 
nival, which passed close to Toledo on 1-70 in the spring from St. 
Louis to Terre Haute and then in the fall moved from the St. 
Louis area to Toledo and then back to the St. Louis area, was a 
major expense to the carnival. Hub Luehr and his family decided 
in the fall of 1988 that the next year would be the first Spring 
Festival. In 1992 the Toledo community celebrated with a theme 
of "Carnival Fun" to honor Luehrs' Ideal Rides 35 years in 

Each non-profit organization or club in Toledo elects two in- 
dividuals to be on the festival board. The festival committee 
selects a theme for the parade and appoints committees to work 
the different parts of the festival. One of the biggest projects of 
the festival is a free BBQ. The BBQ was started in 1958 to pro- 
mote and encourage people to attend the festival. It still continues 
each year with approximately 4,000 BBQ sandwiches served free 
to everyone on Thursday evening, kicking off the festival. Another 
popular event with the festival is a queen pageant. Each evening 
free entertainment is offered, and when the festival moved to the 
spring date, Sunday was added to the festival date. 

With support of the community of Toledo, the Toledo Spring 
Festival will continue to be a success for years to come. 


The Toledo Kiwanis Club was formed in 1935 and was spon- 
sored by the Mattoon Kiwanis. It was given a charter, and the first 
club president was the Honorable Judge Charles Conner. 

A new president, vice president and board of directors are all 
elected each year. The secretary and treasurer are appointed by 
the board of directors, and the club has by-laws to go by. 

They are an organization which has agreed to meet weekly, and 
the Toledo Club meets each Monday night. The first meeting 
place was the Methodist Church and the evening meal cost 35^. 
Then they changed to the United Brethren Church's basement. 
Later, the meetings were held at the Rainbow Cafe, the American 
Legion building on the square, and now, after purchasing the old 
Illinois Central Railroad Depot, the meetings are held there every 

When the club was first organized, it boasted 35 members, and, 
even though members have come and gone, it still has a member- 
ship of around 30 people. Since it has been active beginning in 
1935, only one of the charter members has celebrated 50 years of 

membership. He was the late Glen D. Neal who was given his 
50-year pin in October 1985, and was still a member until his 
death in 1988. 

Mr. Eddie Lashmet joined the club two years after it was 
formed and was also a 50-year member in 1987 and continued un- 
til his death in 1989. 

The Kiwanis Club is an organization dedicated to work and 
help in its community, much like the Chamber of Commerce and 
United Way in larger areas. It supports its area churches and 
defends the Constitution. It is very active with the youth in any 
way it can be of help. The Kiwanis devote a lot of time to the Boy 
and Girl Scouts, Little League, 4-H club, youth counseling, help- 
ing with the necessary needs for the underprivileged children. 

They are active in soil and water conservation, local activities 
such as Spring Festival, Farmers Night, Ladies Night, children's 
Halloween party, Christmas party and decorations, parades, 
Easter Egg Hunt and Fishing Derby, and they furnish prizes for 
all the above. They are active in supporting our Life Center and 
basically help in any way they can. 

When Greenup formed its Kiwanis Club, Toledo was the spon- 
sor for them. Since Kiwanis is an international organization, they 
have an inter-club program where four members from each club 
visit another Kiwanis club and sit in on their meetings once a 
month. All records of members, meetings and monies spent are 
reported to the district and state offices each month. 
Submitted by John "Bill" Mock 

Article from Toledo Democrat , 1961 

Zetta M. and Pete Lovins observed their 73rd wedding anniver- 
sary on April 4 with a family dinner. Zeta May McCandlish Lovins 
was born October 19, 1870, to Melcenia Johnston and Jas. A. Mc- 
Candlish. Her father was Republican sheriff elected in 1878, and 
the Johnston family were pioneer settlers in Cottonwood 
Township. Mrs. Lovins had a millinery and ladies furnishing store 
in Toledo for 52 years and retired about 20 years ago. W. M. 
Lovins was born January 7, 1871, to Nancy George and Aaron 
Lovins. He was one of ten children. His father was Democratic 
county clerk in 1869. Zeta and Pete were married April 4, 1888, at 
Greenup by Harlo Park, justice of the peace. One witness to the 
wedding is still living, Mrs. Aline Shriver of Greenup who was a 
small child at the time. They have three children, Fred of Bell- 
ingham, Washington, Mabel Rominger of Toledo and George Ted 
of Jerseyville, Illinois; four grandchildren, seven great- 
grandchildren and five great-great-grandchildren. Zeta and Pete 
have made their home continuously in Toledo. Both are still ac- 

Zetta M. Lovins & Wm. M. Lovins 
73rd Wedding Anniversary 

Mr. Lovins is still active in the business world and Masonic 
orders of Illinois. He has not missed a Masonic Grand Lodge ses- 


sion for 52 years and at present is grand standard bearer of the 
Grand Masonic Lodge of Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Levins wish to 
thank their friends for the lovely cards, flowers and gifts they have 


Tuesday morning, near L. N. Brewer's residence just south of 
Toledo, Dr. W. R. Rhodes' team became frightened and ran away. 
One of the axles broke and threw out the doctor, who lost control 
of the team and the horses ran a couple of miles before being cap- 
tured. The buggy was pretty badly used up, but the doctor 
escaped with slight injuries. 

December 16, 1909, Toledo Democrat 


As I am going to move, I will sell at public sale, at my farm 2V2 
miles northwest of Roslyn, and 6 miles southeast of Neoga, on 

commencing at 10 o'clock a.m., the following described personal 
property, to wit: 

Horses: — One bay mare, ten year old, in foal by jack; 1 sorrel 
mare, four year old, in foal by jack; 1 draft filly, two year old; 1 
draft horse, two year old. 

Cows: — One six year old cow, fresh in December; 1 five year 
old cow, giving milk; 1 roan bull, 7 months old. 

Farming Implements: — One good two horse wagon with new 
bed, 1 surrey, 1 Deering binder, 1 McCormick mower, 1 bull rake, 
1 sulky rake, 1 corn planter with broomcorn attachment — good as 
new, 1 new disc, 1 new John Deere gang plow, 2 breading plows, 1 
good riding cultivator, 2 steel harrows, 1 oat seeder with cart, 1 set 
of work harness, 1 set of light harness. 

Household and Kitchen Furniture: — One good range cook 
stove, 1 oil stove, 1 heating stove, 1 cabinet, 1 bed room suit, one 
set of chairs, 1 dining table, I iron bedstead with springs, I sofa, 1 
divan, 1 stand, carpets and linoleum, 1 Edison graphophone and 
28 records — good as new, 1 guitar, \V2 dozen thoroughbred Buff 
Rock roosters, also several Dorben red tom Turkeys and other ar- 
ticles too numerous to mention. 

Terms of Sale: — All sums under 85, cash in hand; on all sums 
of $5 and over, a credit of 9 months will be given. Purchaser to 
give note with approved personal security. Notes to draw 7 per 
cent interest from date if not paid at maturity. No property to be 
removed until terms of sale are complied with. Five percent off for 
cash. B. F. Hilton, Auctioneer WALTER McGINNIS, 

November 10, 1910, Toledo Democrat 


V. S. Elliott Meal Market, east side of Toledo square about 1927. Location - 
Rainbow Cafe. Pictured: Goldie (Evans) (Mrs. Viquain) Elliott, Dick Hines, Vi- 
quain Elliott (owner of the store), Halsey Judson, unidentified, Matt Evans 
(Goldie's brother), unidentified and Harold Walker (cousin of Goldie). 


Cumberland Associates, Inc., 100 N. Meridian St., P. 0. Box 
385, Toledo, Illinois, provides mental health services, in-home ser- 
vices for senior citizens and elder abuse intervention services. It is 
a private not-for-profit agency started in July 1976. 

This agency was founded and started providing mental health 
service as the Cumberland County Mental Health and Family 
Counseling Center in July 1976. It was located in the Rhodes 
Medical Clinic on the square. The agency provides individual and 
family counseling services to the general public and support ser- 
vices for chronically mentally ill and mentally retarded residents. 
In 1983 the agency was awarded the contract to provide linkage 
and case management services to low-income senior citizens in 
Shelby, Moultrie, Coles and Cumberland counties. This program 
arranged in-house care for seniors in order that they not be 
prematurely forced to live in nursing homes. Because of space 
limitations in the Rhodes Clinic, the senior citizens program 
operated out of the Life Center, Toledo. In 1986, the agency was 
asked if they would assume responsibility for the in-house care 
services in Edgar and Clark counties. 

Because of the growing service being provided by the center, 
the agency purchased and renovated the old Toledo Bank 
building on the north side of the courthouse square in 1988. 
Recognizing that the agency had expanded its role beyond pro- 
viding mental health services, the board of directors changed the 
corporate name of the agency to Cumberland Associates, Inc., and 
moved into the new building in March 1989. The senior citizens 
program was named "Quincos Senior Services," and the mental 
health program was designated as the "Cumberland Counseling 

In 1990 Cumberland Associates, Inc., purchased the old Marge 
Croy clothing store from Lendon Darling and opened a resale 
shop. The resale shop was developed to provide training and 
employment opportunities for people with disabilities and to pro- 
vide county residents with reasonably priced clothes. 

The Counseling Center started this county's first drug and 
alcohol treatment program in 1990. Also, Quincos Senior Services 
was awarded the contract to provide abuse intervention services 
for senior citizens in 1990. 


In the late 1960s Dean Taggart constructed a two-bay car wash 
on the corner of Adams and Indiana Street in Toledo. In 1976 
Charles Clark and Charles Morgan, owners of Toledo Plumbing 
and Heating, bought the equipment and rented the lot and 
building from Dean Taggart. 

In 1985 Clark bought Morgan's part of the business. In 1989 
Clark purchased the lot and building from Mrs. Taggart and at 
this time remodeled and updated the car wash. 

Toledo Car Wash, owner Charles Clark 

„ _»l I* 


Charles Clark, a licensed plumber, started a plumbing and 
heating business from his home west of Toledo. In 1972 he pur- 
chased two empty buildings on the southeast corner of the square. 
Years ago there had been a livery stable on this corner run by 
John Tracy. Later, a mechanic by the name of Don Stevenson 
operated an auto repair shop and then a new and used car dealer- 
ship run by Herb Croy. Later, a John Deere implement dealership 
was run by Clarence and Chester Oakley, Dean Taggart and Burl 

After Clark purchased the building from Dean Taggart, he 
waited until 1973 to move his plumbing and heating business to 
town on the square. At this time he took a friend, Charles Morgan, 
as a partner in the business and it opened in the south building as 
Toledo Plumbing & Heating. The north building was remodeled 
and rented to Sherrie Walk as a beauty shop. In 1977 it was 
remodeled again and rented to attorney Bobby Sanders for his of- 

Toledo Plumbing & Heating, owner Charles Clark 

In 1981 the buildings were sold to Link Alexander and he 
opened a Napa store using the south building. Toledo Plumbing 
& Heating was then moved to the north building. Clark and 
Morgan were in business together for 12 years. In 1985, due to 
Morgan's health, Clark bought back from Morgan his part in the 
business. Clark's wife, Clara Jo, came in to work in the business 
and they ran it together. Toledo Plumbing & Heating was also an 
LP dealer in the area. 


After thinking about starting a restaurant for several years, 
finally in the spring of 1989 three couples put their heads together 
and started some serious planning. A nice-sized lot was available 
on the square in Toledo that was very convenient for most 
businesses and was within walking distance for town people. Since 
this was something completely new for Toledo, a drive-up window 
was also included in the planning. After a few minor changes were 
made to previous plans drawn by Mike and Priscilla Schrock, con- 
struction was started in late September of 1989. Besides the con- 
struction, there were many phone calls, meetings with salesmen 
and food shows to attend. We tasted and sampled lots of food and 
made our decisions on what we would serve. We tried to choose a 
menu that would appeal to everyone of all ages. Naming the 
restaurant was also another decision to make. John and Lucille's 
only grandson, Landon Schrock, had already suggested Eats & 
Treats, and we all agreed it was a perfect name. 

By January everything was going together well so we set March 
1, 1990, as our opening day. After many late nights putting the 
finishing touches on things, we were ready to open. We were 
much busier than we anticipated being but somehow we managed 
to make it through the first few days. Now we are getting to 
celebrate our second anniversary. 

JSatjt 6* Treats 

Eats & Treats Grand Opt rung, May 1990 

There have been many changes and will continue to be as we 
are all learning new and better ways to serve our customers as 
quickly and efficiently as possible. We have recently added mini- 
meals for children that come with a special surprise. Also, we have 
added chocolate soft-serve ice cream. 

The owners are Jeff and Robin Schrock, Mike and Tammy 
Walker, and John and Lucille Schrock. 

It has been an interesting and enjoyable two years and we all 
want to say thank you to our employees and to the people of 
Toledo, Greenup and surrounding areas for their continued sup- 
port in us. For those of you that have never been in our establish- 
ment, we are not a fast-food restaurant. We prepare everything 
when ordered so the food is fresh. As always, we welcome new and 
old faces. 

February 27, 1992, Greenup Press 




Front: Raymond McElhaney, Walter Rhodes, Ervin Keller, Cliff Queen and 
Garland Oakley. 

Second: Harry Tanner, Theo Richardson, George Moses, Lloyd Pugh, Earl 
Willoughby, Ziba Tinsman and Russell Brewer. 

Back; Chauncey Perry, Leland Smith, Clint Keller, Lloyd Light and Coach 
Wayne Hance. 


Front: Ervin Keller, Russell Cougill, Dick Thornton, Lee Ryan, Ted Lovins and 
Ted Bean. 

Back row: Russell Brewer, Kenneth Stewart, Newell Willis, Clint Keller, Chaun- 
cy Perry and Coach Charles Scott. 

Submitted by Bill Mock 

/^^ ]^^ 


y f 



Front: Ervin Keller, Walter Rhodes, Lloyd Light, Leland Smith and Chauncey 

Back: Superintendent Mitchell, Earl Willoughby, Newell Willis, Clint Keller, 
Cliff Zueen, Ziba Tinsman, Russell Brewer and Coach Wayne Hance. 


Winners of second place in Effingham District Tournament 
Front: Harlan Roberts, Sam Birdzell, Vernon Keller, Eldon Grissom, Raymond 
Cutis, Lowell E. Massie, Rex Ballinger and Robert Shaw. 

Second: Logan Huffman (coach). Junior King, Carl Oakley, Don Waldrip, Ray- 
mond Oakley, Euris Roberts and C. L. Brewer (principal). 


Front: Harold Massie, Jack Hall, Scott Everhart and Kenneth (Duke) Quinn. 
Back: Edsel Brown (manager), John (Bill) Mock, Orville Rice and Maurice 
Foreman (coach). 


Front: Scott Everhart, Leland Airens, Jack Hall, Lester Carrell, Bill Furry and 
Leo Carrell. 

Back: Kenneth Connell (manager), Burnham Neal, Roy Birdzell, Harry Hutton, 
Harold Barcus and Maurice Foreman (coach). 


Front: Lloyd Hall, Bill Elder, Burnham Neal and Bill Furry. Back: Maurice 
Foreman (coach), Lester Carrell, Leo Carrell and Kenneth Connell (manager). 


Front: Ernie Kingery, Jerry Woolever, Joe Mock, Millard Everhart and Phil 

Back: Bill Mock (manager), Jimmie Poole, Larry Sappington, Steve Buchanan, 
Curtis Pennington, Charles Sparks and LeRoy Buchanan (coach). 

Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Grades 

Front: Danny Carlen, Bill Seeley, Tom Sanders, Jim Anderson, Alvin Kingery, 
Burl Shoots and H. A. Wilson. 

Second: Terry Fritts (manager), Jim Poole, Richard King, Curtis Pennington, 
Richard Moses, Chuck Padrick, Mike McElravy, Jerry Hurley and Coach Terry 

Third: David Croy, Joe Mock, Phil Sherwood, Mike Carter, Roger Dobbs, Rick 
Light, Ernie Kingery and Lowell Eagleston. 




As you leave Toledo on Ohio Street going north for two miles, 
you will come to the second crossroads. Here you will find the re- 
mains of a settlement nestled between two creeks. One-half mile 
east is the Cottonwood Creek and one-half mile west the Muddy 

At a time years ago when the Illinois Central Railroad came 
through the area, some businesses began to spring up at the 

Emmanuel St. John and his wife, Lizzie, ran a general store. 
They bought the farmers' produce and sold groceries and other 
items in return. If they didn't have the articles asked for Lizzie 
would say, "It will be in on the Local." 

The depot was operated by Jake Simerley. A stockyard was built 
by the local traders and friends. They were John Lacy, Orla Scott, 
Bill Tomberlin plus others. It was located north of the general 
store on the east side of the railroad tracks. 

There were several families who lived within a quarter mile of 
the store: Jake Barger and wife Anna, Jake Fulfer and family, a 
Teets family, Postlewait family, W. H. Thompson and family. Bill 
Clark and family, Frank Barger and family, J. W. Barger and 

The Pleasant Grove School was the nearest school and it was 
located north of Bradbury. The children walked a mile to the 


Centerville was located west of Toledo, north side of today's 
Route 130 near the Muddy bridge. It was often referred to as 
Bildad or Ichabod. 

Centerville was another competitor for the county seat in the 
1855 election. It, too, was defeated and was lost in history. 


To find this little settlement, we go west of Toledo to Route 121 
to where the Bean School stood for years, south a mile and west a 
mile in Springpoint Township. The road is grown up in brush to- 
day; it has been described as located at a jog in the road. Croake 
was a stagecoach stop in the earliest days. Signs of this could be 
seen in the 1960s. 

Croake was named after Dr. Croake who later went to 
Johnstown. The only dates we are sure of are the post office was 
established January 21, 1884, and discontinued July 31, 1903. 
Mail was brought from Toledo about twice a week by Jim Cather. 
As the story goes, the Hopper family were the earliest inhabitants 
of Croake. The wife, Frances, was postmistress while Jim and 
family kept the gristmill, sawmill and farming done. In the sum- 
mer the post office was a rough smokehouse equipped with pigeon 
holes for the mail. In cold weather the mail was taken in their 
house and stowed under the bed, sorted out as people came to get 

Croake had a grocery store kept by Jim and Lora Schee in 1884. 
Some think maybe two groceries were there at one time. 

From all appearances Croake surely was a Democratic settle- 
ment. In the November 1884 election, when Cleveland was elected 
President, the Stars and Stripes flew high. Great debates were 
held with much interest at Croake at this time. 

Croake is gone and history is hard to find. It seems there are a 
few signs of its presence if you can reach its location, also a few 
records to prove its presence. Like other pioneer settlements, 
Croake is a place of the past, but we want to keep it in our 
county's history. 


Diona, originated in the 1800s, was located on the Coles- 
Cumberland County line. The story is that this was quite a trading 
post, and farmers came from miles around to trade their produce 
for groceries. Each came with a horse, wagon or buggy with their 
dog or dogs following. One such day they had a big dog fight. Of 
course, the farmers ended up in a fight, so it was called 
"Dogtown." Another source was the original name for the city. It 
was named in honor of the coon dogs owned by the residents in 
the early 1850s. Coons were plentiful and the skins were traded 
for things they needed or wanted. 

In the mid-1800s Mr. Wilhoit ran a gristmill and lumber mill 
just south of the present store. Diona is located just east of Clear 
Creek. They filled up this tributary in order to have water for 
their power. This mill was gone by 1900. A gristmill was also on 
the Levi Devinney farm, run by James Gill, John Stallings and 
others at one time. 

Old Diona Store building, presently the Masonic Button Lodge #698 Hall in 

In 1879 a store was operated by Matthews and Fulkerson. In 
1880 a brick building was built, and the general store was run by 
Ernest Stanberry, another by Mr. Stull; both burned. 

There was later a grocery store run by Mart Neal with a dance 
hall upstairs. There was a furniture store by Mr. Haddock. Diona 
also had an undertaker, also four doctors: Dr. Franklin from Ken- 
tucky in 1879; he died in 1906; Dr. Butler, Dr. O'Connor and Dr. 

Gustie Gill had a millinery store and post office located on the 
Coles County side. Postmaster in 1879 was Nicholas McMorris. 

Diona Mutual Telephone Company was a telephone office 
operated by Mrs. Haddock in her home. 

Blacksmiths were Joel James Cougill who came to Diona in 
1850 from Virginia, Golda Graves, John Muncie, Ed Malcom from 
Virginia and John Sherman in 1901. 

Peter Adams was a merchant in Diona in 1908. In 1911 William 
H. Stanberry ran a general store in a building owned by Tom 
McMorris. It burned to the ground. Oscar Haddock built a store 
between 1924-31 and sold it. Bud Outright operated a store in 
later years. 

During the 1960s an antique shop was in the old building. Even 
though this thriving little village has been closed down, this old 
brick building still serves as meeting place for the Masonic Hut- 
ton Lodge #698 which meets weekly. This lodge was chartered in 
1872 and is still active. The DIY Club also meets regularly in this 

Submitted by Martha Nees 



Fulkerson was located northwest of Bradbury, east of the Em- 
barras River in Cottonwood Township. We know very little about 
it. A post office was established March 3, 1875, and discontinued 
February 28, 1876. 

George Fulkerson and others by this name were in that area at 
that time; therefore, we assume it was named after these pioneers. 


In the 1800s there was a store just north of the present Mt. Zion 
or Block Church in Greenup Township. It was run by Ed 
McElwee. In later years Guy Walden moved the old store building 
across the road and added onto it for a house, still standing today. 

There was a blacksmith shop operated by Ira Roan south of the 
church and across the road east. 


The railroad which ran from Richland County to Vermillion 
County during the early part of the 1900s was one of the earliest 
forms of transportation for early farmers to transport their goods 
from the farm to other points in the area. 

The Danville, Olney and Ohio River Railroad was organized in- 
to a company under a charter granted March 10, 1869. The pro- 
posed route for this started from the north bank of the Ohio River 
in Massac County, Illinois, northward to the city of Chicago. 

Work began on the northern end of the road and pushed south 
toward Kansas, Illinois, in Edgar County. In 1876 there were but 
eight miles of the road from Kansas to Westfield, Illinois. In 1878 
this section was put into operation. The road made slow progress 
reaching 13 miles the following year, 1879. 

Hazel Dell Depot around 1913. The man and the boy at the corner of the 
building are stationmaster Winfield Harrison and son Carter. "Link" Goodman 
(standing) was the foreman of the section crew, in front of Goodman is Dick 
Laymon, and the man on the right is James Cox. 

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In 1881 work began again, and 57 miles were completed. In 
1882 the road was completed to Olney, Illinois, where it formed a 
link between the Ohio and Mississippi on the south and the St. 
Louis and Indianapolis on the north. This line ran through the 
west part of Clark County and through the eastern portion of 
Crooked Creek Township in Cumberland County with a station at 
Hazel Dell. It became of vital importance because of the oil boom 
in Clark County, but in later years, when the oil industry quieted 
down, its usefulness dwindled. 

Marshall Stuns and Hope Sample in foreground at Hazel Dell Depot. Freight 
train on siding is waiting to unload or to be loaded. Storage buildings and 
stockyard are on the right. 


The "Doty" probably got its name from the railroad which had 
been in existence since 1880 until sometime in the 1920s when 
trains no longer ran. A vehicle was needed to carry passengers 
and mail. I think Albert Hunsaker and Clem Hunt owned it. It 
made two round trips a day from Yale to Casey. It arrived in 
Hazel Dell near 7:00 a.m. or after. You could hear the whistle as it 
came up the tracks. It stopped at the old depot and at every 
crossroads where passengers were waiting. It arrived back in 
Hazel Dell about 4:30 p.m. 

This was no luxury vehicle. Seats were on both sides and across 
the back. Heat was furnished by a small heating stove in the mid- 
dle of the car. The driver was conductor and ticket taker or fare 
collector. I think for a week's fare it was $1.25. It might have been 
15^ to ride to Casey. So when students bought a week's fare it was 

Submitted by Mabel (Copeland) Glenn 

*:^- I 


This train passed through the east side of Crooked Creek Township with depot 
at Hazel Dell. 

The Hazel Dell Homecoming, "The Doty," 1929-30 - Bessie Hunsaker, Mabel 
Copeland, Hazel and Arthur Cornwell, Mr. Taylor and Theron Brown. 

Hazel Dell Street Scene in 1900 - The view is west down the street. The first 
building on the left (the south side of the street) was Meeker's Grocery, second 
building, the bank, then a barber shop. In the distance is the steeple of the Church 
of God. At the right of the picture, first building, is the Luke and Richardson 
general store. The next two-story building was a grocery and general store 
operated by Burnett and Barkley (previous owners Taggart and Card). The second 
floor housed the Masonic Lodge. Other merchants of that time in buildings not in- 
cluded in the picture were Dave Kelly, hardware; Mrs. John Gore, millinery; 
Waldo Vickrey, grocery; W. F. Taggart, harness shop; Mort Sturts, furniture and 
undertaking business; Jess Finney, blacksmith shop. None of these business 
buildings is in existence today. 



A bank with $25,000 capital opened in Hazel Dell in 1910, 
located on the southeast corner of the square in the 0. P. Groves 
store building. The stock was fully subscribed by farmers and 
businessmen of undoubted financial and business standing. A fire 
and burglar-proof manganese safe was installed. John Sample was 
the first cashier, followed by Frank Geffs and later by Perry Fou- 





Hazel Dell Bank - Pictured in doorway, Blanche and Perry Fouly 


Many of the older folks who had been "raised" in or around 
Hazel Dell got together and formed the "Old-Timers" Club. They 
were people who had known each other perhaps all their lives, had 
retired and mostly lived in Hazel Dell or Casey. They visited, had 
parties, picnicked at the park and kept in touch. 

Submitted by Mrs. Irene Hollensbe 

Aaron Hawker (standing), Mr. Davis (driver), Ethel (Applegate) Gross, Audrey 
(Sartor) Finney and Edna (Kelly) Hawker 


Located three miles east of Greenup along the Old National 
Trail in the 1800s was a blacksmith shop at the crossroads. No fur- 
ther information on it is available. 

In later years Lee and Dora Lionberger built a group of log 
cabins on the northeast corner. They were rented to tourists. 
This was called Hickory Grove. 

Lee died in 1945. Dora sold the corner to Mack Roberts in 
1949. He built a modern motel, which he operated for a while, 
known as Mac's Motel. He sold it to Edith Cutright. She con- 
tinued to run it until 1979 when Russell Glosser bought it for buy- 
ing and selling furs and metals. He removed the motel and built 
new buildings. He is in business in 1991. 

On the southwest and northwest corners new motels were 
established around 1950 by Coleman Matson. He operated the 
Matson Motel on the northwest corner and Dillard Wilson ran the 
motel on the southwest corner. Later Gene and Margaret 
Beckham lived there and ran it a few years. The Mike Stults fami- 
ly live here now. Both motels closed after Interstate 70 was 
opened. It took the business off Route 40. 

On the southeast corner, Gene Carlen has a garage and 
residence, operating in 1991. 

Irene's Beauty Shop (1940-1991) float, featuring 1940 original equipment, in 
the parades at Hazel Dell in May 1991 and Casey, Illinois, on July 4, 1991. 

Hickory Grove, 1930s, early '40s, Mac's Motel, 1949-1979 


Janesville is an old town located on the Coles-Cumberland line. 
With the coming of the Grayville and Mattoon Railroad, the site 
of Janesville was established, and in 1879 the town was laid out, 
half in Cumberland County and half in Coles County. The land 
was given by John and Jane Furry with the town being named 
after Jane. 

There were three churches in the early history. United 
Brethren, Baptist and Christian Church. In time the United 
Brethren became Pilgrim Holiness and is now the Wesleyan 
Church. Rev. W. E. Catey was the minister of the Pilgrim Holiness 
for many years. The present minister to the Wesleyan Church is 
Rev. Lissenbee, and it is the only active church in the town at the 
present time. The only minister that I can remember in the 
Baptist Church was Rev. Nay from Iowa. This church, sometime 
in the 1980s, was given to the Lincoln Log State Park and was 
used to help restore some of the buildings at the state park. The 
church was located on the Cumberland side, south of the main 
highway. The Christian Church was built in 1898. The land was 
given by Alonzo and Sally Grafton in 1897, and they were the first 
trustees. This church was sold to the International Lighthouse 
Assemblies in September 1991 with James Davisson as minister. 
At one time, this small village was a thriving one. Before the 
black-topped highway went through, there was a town pump 
located on the Cumberland side of town. There was always a metal 


tin cup hanging on the pump to serve the thirsty loafers and shop- 
pers wanting to get a drink. Joyce and Frank Edwards bought the 
lot where the old building stood, and they built a home. At one 
time, there were many varied businesses in Janesville such as 
grocery stores, livery stable, millinery shop, bank, barber shop, 
post office, rural mail route, lumberyard, hardware, casket fac- 
tory, bulk gasoline plant, blacksmith, photograph shop, garages, 
doctors, telephone office, hotel, restaurants, pool hall, livestock 
pens, hay barn and lodges. 

There has been a post office in Janesville since September 
1879. It has been on both sides of the county line. At present it is 
in Cumberland County. This is the place of meeting of all the peo- 
ple in this small community since it is the only place that everyone 
has to go. 

The old Tom Stanberry Store, Janesville, Illinois, standing 1992 

There have been many changes during the beginning of our 
small village. The village started going down after the black- 
topped highway was built about 1939. Everyone went to Mattoon 
and Charleston to do their shopping. The town got electricity 
about 1938 or 1939. 


Last Friday Isaac Houser, aged 65, appeared in County Clerk 
Meyer's office and secured a license to wed Mrs. Eliza Jane Ster- 
ling, aged 58, of Greenup. Saturday Mr. Houser returned the 
license unused and requested the return of the dollar license fee, 
which, of course. Clerk Meyer could not refund. Mr. Houser was 
mad clear through, for he had discovered that Mrs. Sterling had 
been united in marriage on Thursday by Squire L. B. Ross, to 
Wm. Montgomery, aged 60, of Janesville. 

Mr. Houser had already ordered the prospective bride's 
trousseau and had contracted for stoves and other household and 
kitchen furniture, which orders he proceeded to cancel Monday 
morning. All of which reminds us of the old man's advice to his 
son to "Bevare of der vidders." 

August 1, 1912, Toledo Democrat 

November 10, 1910 

Oats, 30c. Hens, 9 & 10c 

Corn, 40c Springs, 8 & 9c 

Eggs, 26 & 28c Hay, $11.00 

Ducks, 9 & 10c Roosters, 5 & 6c 

Geese, 8 & 9c Cattle— butchers' stock, $3.75 & $4.00 

Butter, 20c Hides, 6 & 7 cts per lb. 

Hogs, $8.00 Horsehides, $1.25 to $1.50 

Turkeys, Y'ng Hens, 8 lbs & up, 14 & 16c 

Turkeys, Y'ng Toms, 10 lbs & up, 14 & 16c 

Turkeys, Old Hens, 14 & 16c 

Turkeys, Old Toms, 10 & lie Potatoes, per bu $.40 


Johnstown is one of the oldest settlements in Cumberland 
County, located on Muddy Creek just south of the Coles County 
line. John Tully started a mill and distillery in 1827, the first 
business in the area. In 1837 he sold it to Box Dixon and Walter 
Patterson. They laid out the town and named it Sheffield. They 
soon left. 

A man by the name of John W. Alexander, son of Alfred Alex- 
ander, bought the town and replatted it in 1843. He named it 
Johnstown. It originally consisted of 12 blocks with eight lots each 
and a public square the size of one block. 

This little village has had many businesses down through the 
years. To name a few and the merchants: doctors were Dr. 
Nathaniel James, Dr. Jonathan Wilson Shull, Dr. Eskridge, Dr. 
Croake and Dr. Bannerman; Jesse Wright was an auctioneer and 
had a distillery and a gristmill; George Thornton and Sydney 
Greeson also ran the gristmill; Sydney Greeson and Jim Barger 
had a sawmill; blacksmiths were Jesse Wright, Sam Benfer and 
Ben Olmsted; Ben also ran a wagon shop; there was a tannery with 
Albert Humphrey, Tom Sherman and Bill Tornton at this 
buisness. Some general store merchants were Earl Randolph, Ben 
Olmsted, Marion Brashares, Dave Ooley, Ross Greeson, John 
Michaels, Hugh Freeman, Fred Jones and James Connell. In later 
years there were Had Brown, Gertie and Sylvia Sweet, Edgar 
Croy, Charles Hillard, Claude Hatfill, Joyce Morgan, Leonard 
Randolph and Mario Speer. 

Johnstown had an lOOF and Modern Woodman Lodge Hall, at 
least five churches and always a school. It was a thriving village 
always longing for the railroad to pass through. This did not 
materialize. At the present Johnstown is a quiet little town, all 
gone but the Johnstown Community Club building, formerly the 
school, and two churches, all nestled along the wooded banks of 
Muddy Creek. 

On March 30, 1855, a post office was established at Johnstown 
and it was discontinued April 15, 1905, now RFD, Lerna. 


The first store at Liberty Hill was located on the west side of 
Route 121, across from the Liberty Hill School. It was a two-story 
building built by Albert and Lottie Blair. They sold groceries and 
gas until the building burned in the 1940s. At this time the Blairs 
went north to live. 

In 1959 Lester and Leeta Carlen built a store on the east side of 
Route 121 just south of the school. They sold groceries and gas for 
about three years. John and Naomi Strader bought it, operating it 
for a while, then sold it back to Lester and Leeta. They ran the 
store until they closed, due to illness in the family. 

Jim and Lillie Eveland had an antique shop for a while here. 
Like most country stores, it is closed at this time. It still stands. 

Store at Liberty Hill, 1991 



In Liberty Hill's history they have had three ball teams of dif- 
ferent generations. 

The first team was sometime during the 1920s. The ball dia- 
mond was north of the Liberty Hill Church across the road in Ed 
Richardson's pasture. The names of the players were Willie 
Markwell, Harlan Markwell, Roy Wright, Ed Richardson and Ir- 
vin Richardson. 

During the 1930s there was another team organized with 
several players. This team played at the same location. Players 
were Herb Eveland, Arnold Richardson, Doyle Richardson, Dale 
Richardson, Lowell Markwell, Ferd Brown, Joe Shull, Cork 
Dooley, Dale Brown, Dean Sutherland, Had LeMay, Leon "Stick" 
Matteson, Gerald Brown, Ivan Reynolds, Glee Nees, John Carrico, 
Doc Titus, Donnie Ewart, Herb Vanatta, Cliff LeMay, Ernest 
"Cotton" Matteson with Albert Blair as manager. Their uniforms 
were all made by Sylvia Markwell. The uniform of Cotton Mat- 
teson has been placed on display at the Historical Society 
Museum in Greenup. 

During the 1940s a third team was organized and played across 
the fence south of Liberty Hill Church in the Harlan Markwell 

Their pitcher was "Doc" Ebbert; other players were Lee 
Markwell, Dick Miller, Kenneth Miller, Laverle Sutherland and 
Philip Rowe. 

By this time, these boys all finished high school, schools con- 
solidated and the interest of the young generation went in dif- 
ferent directions. This concluded the good times at the "Old Ball 

Submitted by Lavada Markwell 


Longpoint originated as early as 1856 as a thriving little town 
located east and south of our present Neoga. Longpoint had a 
post office, established May 7, 1852, and changed to Neoga 
January 7, 1857. 

(More information can be found on page 33 - 1968 Cumberland 
County History Book.) 


Maple Point settlement was named from all the maple trees in 
the immediate area. After the businesses began to progress under 
the management of people by the name of Kuhn, it gained its 
nickname, "Kuhntown." 

Peter Kuhn, grandfather of the late Clifford Kuhn, came here 
from Ohio in 1833 to settle. Here he started the first gristmill 
which was run by steam, then a molasses mill. Both were very suc- 
cessful. This was the only one in the immediate area; therefore, 
people came from far and near to get feed ground and molasses 

In 1903 Peter's son Henry decided to start a store on top of the 
hill, north side of the road that takes us from our present Route 
130 to Union Center. This was good so he started a huckster route 
across the country, trading groceries for eggs, chickens and but- 
ter. This store closed about 1917. 

Maple Point Store, 1991 

In 1909 George, Henry and Tom Kuhn operated a gristmill and 
sawmill just north of the store. Israel Jenkins worked here. They 
also had a concrete block factory at this time. 

In the 1920s George and Henry built a store at the foot of the 
hill; this is the location we may see today. After they quit, 
George's son Clifford and wife Merl operated it until a few years 
before his death in 1976. 

Others who worked at or ran Maple Point were David Darling, 
Al Darling and John Tipsword. 


Mule Creek Post Office was located along Mule Creek west and 
south of Toledo in Springpoint Township. 

The post office was established March 3, 1863, and discon- 
tinued December 19, 1877. 


Neal is located in Neoga Township along the east side of Mule 
Creek or southeast of Zike's corner. 

Neal was named after Doc Neal who had a post office in his 
home. It was established February 5, 1892, discontinued October 
21, 1896, re-established February 11, 1898, and discontinued 
again July 3, 1903, with RED from Neoga. 

Neal wasn't so big, maybe 18 or 20 homes, but very active. It 
consisted of a country store, two churches, a race track, a school, a 
ball diamond, blacksmith shop and a filling station. 

In the early days, Owen Davis ran a country store named "Nip 
and Tuck." This was later managed by Lemuel Dewitt and Mr. 
Cluff. Lemuel also had a blacksmith shop. There isn't much 
known about this but thought to be before 1895. 

In about 1898 Walt Oday came to Neal from Neoga where he 
was born on a farm March 31, 1860, and was raised in that area. 
He married Katy Miller. Walt built a nice big store on the north- 
west corner of this crossroads. It was very large, about 60'x30', 
two stories high, shaped as an L. He built a small house out back 
for poultry which he bought and would sell. 

The post office was moved to this store with Katy Oday as 
postmistress. The store was stocked with everything from 
groceries to implements. A barber shop was in one corner of the 
store. lOOF and Woodmen Lodge meetings were held upstairs, 
also medicine shows and other entertainment that came through 
the country from store to store. 

An ice house was built, which ice from the creek or pond was 
preserved by burying it in sawdust until the next summer. 

Walt Oday owned a sawmill north of the store. Oxen were used 
at this time for working in timber. He had a gristmill where he 
made a dam across the stream. From this he had a supply of 
power for his steam engine to grind feed and flour. 

Both the Midway School and Church of Christ church stand as 
landmarks at the Neal crossroads today, neither being used. The 
Mt. Zion Southern Baptist Church and Drummond Cemetery are 
also landmarks today, located northwest from the Neal corner. 
Years ago there was a road which angled from the store across 
Mule Creek and through the woods to the cemetery and church. It 
is closed now. 

The Midway School on the crossroads at Neal, Illinois. A landmark in 1992. 

For many years a Neal Homecoming was held in the Maple 
Grove to visit and sing and enjoy the older folks playing the fid- 
dle. The trees are cut now and only memories left of the good 
times the residents experienced at Neal. Today they gather at the 
park at Neoga each year under the name of Mule Creekers Reun- 
ion and reminisce of the years past. 


Pageville was located just north of Hickory Corner on an Indian 
site, east side of our present Burma Road. History tells us there 
were families by the name of Page at this location. 

Pageville Post Office was established September 17, 1878, and 
discontinued February 21, 1881. 


Located southeast of Toledo in Sumpter Township near the 
Shiloh Church, Rainsburg originated in 1854 and consisted of 80 

Rainsburg was a competitor for the county seat in the election 
of 1855. It failed, so it went back to its simple rural living. 


There was a post office established in Roslyn June 26, 1889, 
and discontinued July 31, 1903. 

(For more history on Roslyn see page 54 - 1968 Cumberland 
County History Book.) 

Emory Olmstead, the Roslyn merchant, and wife Ida in their two-cylinder Max- 
well in front of their business at Roslyn in 1910. 


Late in the summer of 1945 a group of men from the Salem 
Church community west of Greenup started a Softball team. They 
had no diamond to play on so they played on the road. In the 
spring of 1946 Ray Houser, Luke Holsapple, Bill Mock, the Sher- 
wood boys, the Brandenburg boys and the Scales boys decided to 
build a diamond just east of the Salem Church on the A. H. Mock 
farm. Having no lights, they held weekend games only. Soon boys 
from the area around Toledo and Greenup were coming out and 
joining the team. This is how the Salem team got started. 

The first year each man purchased a jersey with "Salem" on 
the front and the number on the back. The ladies in the area sold 
soda pop and took donations to purchase needed balls and bats. 

The Toledo American Legion asked them to come to Toledo 
and play for them, as they were making a ball diamond (where it is 
today) and needed a team. The ball diamond was completed in 
1949 and the team moved there. This picture was taken in 1950. 

The team played together for many years and became well 
known in the area. Donnie Sherwood was the pitcher and other 
towns tried to lure him away to pitch for them. But he never left 

Salem Church Softball Team - Seated: Don Holsapple, "Buck" Buchanan, Scott 
Everhart, "Bill" Mock, Donnie Sherwood, Harve Sherwood and "Bud" Sher- 

Standing: Doyle Shupe, Farrell Sacco, Gilbert Bancroft, Bob Shaw, Bill Elder, 
Kenneth Quinn and Bill Snedeker. Burnham Neal was not present. 

the team. Younger boys joined the team as the older ones dropped 
out. The Salem team played north to Tuscola and Paris, east to 
Terre Haute, Indiana, south to Olney, west to Altamont and Pana. 

The above information was taken from a Toledo Democrat 
newspaper (dated 1989); the picture was provided by Judy (Sher- 
wood) Timm. 

Submitted by Judy (Sherwood) Timm 


A locality known as Sconce Bend but platted as DeKalb, located 
along the Embarras River in Union Township, south of the Ryan 
Bridge or east of Bradbury, was identified as a high point on the 
river. The bend is quite unusual as the river turns around and 
runs north, then it circles back south with approximately five or 
six miles of the river involved. 

In 1830 Thomas Sconce came to this part of the county from 
Kentucky as a county surveyor for Coles County. He is thought to 
have laid out Greenup March 5, 1843. At this same time the coun- 
ty was struck off from Coles. A county seat was necessary. The 
prospective sites were Sconce Bend or Greenup. With much con- 
troversy and concern, between 1843-1856, it was defeated. In 1857 
the records were moved to Toledo. During this time, Thomas 
Sconce died. 

There was a small settlement of about 15 homes in this area at 
that time. We read about Big Jim Eaton who was noted for his 
strength; Thomas Sconce was the county's first sheriff; Paul 
LeClair operated a sawmill in this area, he left and Clarence 
Ferguson and Lemuel Dewitt took over the mill. John Heddin, 
Luther Aldridge, Samuel Pennington and others were inhabitants 
of these parts. 

Sconce Bend today is identified only by the cemetery. 


The stagecoach stop was a place known as the "Abe Ruffner" 
place on the north side of Route 40, four miles east of Greenup. 
The farm was owned by Thomas Tutewiler in the mid-1800s, later 
the Ruffner family. Walter Ruffner managed the stagecoach sta- 
tion. Jake Tutewiler, the auctioneer, handed this information 
down to our generation. 


In the early 1900s Stringtown was located southeast of Greenup 
in Greenup Township along the road just north of the Paul 

Stringtown consisted of several families living closely along this 
road for three or four miles. Families living here were Paul, Allen, 
Wade, Howe, Tharp, Plunkett, Mattison, Lewis, Sturts, Simerl, 
Townsend, Kelley, AUentharp, Gilbert and Edwards, to name a 

A store and barbershop were owned and operated by Ed 
Plunkett at the top of the Range Creek hill on the east side. 



Between 1883 and 1889, Frank Ormsby owned and operated a 
small country store four miles northeast of Greenup, approximate- 
ly one mile east of the Hurricane bridge. In 1887 the U.S. Postal 
Department proposed starting a post office in the store; he 
agreed. They sent Frank a list of names to choose from. He chose 
Timothy. The Timothy Post Office was established March 16, 
1887, and was discontinued February 28, 1902. 

Broom factory in the rear of Timothy Store, early 1900s - C. W. Goekler, Milt 
Hampsten, Mr. Brownfield, Lewis Outright and Allen Speakman. 

Prior to 1900, Mr. Williams ran the store and sawmill. In 1900 
John Carr had a sawmill west of the store. At this same time 
Tillmai! Carrell had a blacksmith shop west of the store on the 
south side of the road where Charles Carlen lives today. He sold it 
to Fred Carver. Ross Northway was general merchant at Timothy 
at this time. 

In 1901 William Jennings took the store and post office. During 
this year Timothy installed a telephone line, the Lafferty Line, in 
Mrs. Jennings' residence. During 1901 or 1902 Perry Carr 
operated the store at Timothy. Frank and Edna Wade ran it in 
about 1906; Frank ran the Timothy Huckster. 

We do not know when the present building was erected, but the 
upstairs was owned by the Odd Fellows Lodge and the downstairs 
was owned by George Brownfield. In addition to the lodge 
meetings, medicine shows and traveling entertainment were held 
upstairs in those days. We know Al Darling and Riley Wade were 
merchants in Timothy during this period of time. Frank Benson 
ran the store around 1919. 

Timothy has always had two churches and one school in the 
neighborhood. Cliff Carr set up a sawmill about a mile south of 
the store and ran it for years, he also had a threshing machine 
which he took out during the summer to thresh grain. 

Many memories are vivid to the community and neighbors who 
visited this old country store through the years. 

Submitted by Martha Nees 


Timothy had a good ball team in years gone by. At one time the 
ball diamond was north of Plum Grove School, later it was located 
west of the school on the south side of the road and last about one- 
half mile south of the store near the woods on the Cliff Carr farm. 

Several years ago Cliff remarked, "I never saw a man who I 
couldn't strike out." Cliff was noted for his extremely "fast ball." 
Timothy was one of the top teams in the area and always had 
large crowds of people at their games. This was quite an attrac- 
tion for the neighborhood as well as neighboring communities. 

Submitted by Lucille Carr 

Timothy Ball Team ■ Front: Homer Brownfield, Finis Rikard and Irish "Pat" 
Connell. Back: Bill Catey, Paul Carr, Cliff Carr, Wick Stewart, Bernard Bland and 
Clifford Kuhn. 


The plot of the village of Trilla was surveyed December 21, 
1881, by J. L. Aubert, filed for record August 23, 1882, by the 
owner of the land, Jacob Fickes. The original town is located in 
the southwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 19, 
township 11, range 8. A log house owned and occupied by him 
and his family was the only building. He laid out blocks, one block 
was on the north side of the Clover Leaf Railroad and one block 
on the south side of the track. There was a street running on the 
west side of these blocks called State Street, one east of next block 
named Green Street; then two east and west streets each one block 
long on the north and south sides of the south block called Main 
Street, north called Railroad Street with an alley halfway between 
the streets running north and south. In 1882 the Clover Leaf laid 
a narrow gauge track and the town began. Freight express and 
passenger service were available. 

Trilla received its name in 1882. A committee composed of 
Henry McPherson, for years a merchant, James H. Clark, a 
banker from Mattoon, and C. B. Bostwick, editor of the Mattoon 
Gazette, met in Mattoon to select a name. The names of 
Brownsville, Brownstown, Jonesburg, McPherson, etc. were re- 
jected because the same or similar names designated other com- 
munities then in the state. 

Jerry Toles, a revenue collector of Mattoon, and his small 
daughter Trilla were present at the meeting of the committee and 
someone suggested that the town be called Trilla after the little 
girl, and the name was adopted. There was no town known by the 
name of Trilla and so far as is known no town in the entire United 
States today bears this name. A letter from a foreign country, ad- 
dressed to Trilla, U.S.A., reached its destination in Trilla, Illinois, 
in due time. Trilla Toles is said to be buried at Terre Haute, In- 


Trilla, for a time, had three churches. One, a Missionary Bap- 
tist Church built in 1883 on the vacant corner lot that is now 
owned by Ted Welton, at a cost of $1,200, was abandoned in 1904. 
In 1905 it was bought by a United Brethren congregation which 
held services there for a short time. This building was destroyed 
by fire. The original Methodist Episcopal Church was built in 
1894-95 at a cost of $1,200 and dedicated by Robert Stephens, 
presiding elder, September 8, 1895. 

The Trilla Post Office was established in Coles County on June 
28, 1882. The mail for a few months had been brought by 
horseback from Etna. Nolt Brown carried it to Trilla where it was 


distributed by the post office. Later, the railroad assumed delivery 
and Trilla was really a town on the map. The post office moved to 
Cumberland County on July 26, 1893, changed to Coles County 
on January 4, 1894, changed to Cumberland County on August 7, 
1914, then changed again to Coles County on October 1, 1948, 
where it is located today. 

yU -^ 


"^^■^: W ^ 

r, \* 

Cumberland Presbyterian Sunday School in 1901 ■ Front row: Harold Morgan, 
Daisy Woods, unidentified and Mabel Morgan. 

Second row: Leta Waggoner, Tony Tinkey, Wreatha White, Marie Roberts, 
Daisy Jones, Lean McGinnis and Marvin Hoke. 

Third row: unidentified, Blanche Morgan, George Tanner, Claude Roberts and 
Walter Tracy. 

Back row: Mary Albin, Arthur McGinnis, Guy Tinkey, Stanley Woods and Ella 
Titus (teacher). 

Trilla Cumberland Presbyterian Church - 1939 


Union Center is located two and a half miles east of Route 130 
on the crossroads. It began as a frontier trading center where all 
kinds of people passed through from all parts of the country. At 
times it was rather rough; therefore, it gained the name "Slap." 

Union Center Post Office was established June 10, 1869. The 
name was changed to Union Center July 31, 1893, discontinued 
February 28, 1903. The mail was hauled into or from Union 
Center by an individual with horse or wagon. 

In 1864 Amos Cutright, grandfather of our present Amos, and 
Dr. Lee started the first grocery store. Men walked, carrying a 
bucket of eggs, or the family would come in a big wagon or horse 

In 1876 P. W. Edwards had a large store. He was postmaster in 
1881. At his death Frank Jennings ran the store and was 

It is thought in the earliest days a school could have been here 
by the name of Union with a teacher by the name of Harry 
McPherson in 1900. 

The Woodmen had a lodge hall in 1906. Early business people 
were Tim Edwards, Frank Jennings, Amos Cutright, Ora Jobe, 
John "Jim" Grissom, John White, John Kuhn, Alia Rosencrans, 
Amos Redman, Roy Lacey, Tom Yanaway, James McMillan and 
Mr. McQueen. 

Today there is only the Union Township building, headquarters 
for the Union Township road equipment. Meetings are held here 
when the need arises and this is still the polling place on election 
day, the busiest day of the year in Union Center in 1992. There 
are also a few homes in Union center. 


Trilla Home Bureau, February 26, 1959 - Lena Davis, Daisy Barger, Ida Boruff, 
Ida Brady, Verneda Strohl Morgan Hubbart, Fern Green, Jean Luby Strohl and 
Thelma Boruff Brady 

Cecil Wright, a Union Center resident of over 40 years, hauled livestock, grain 
and fertilizer for Cumberland and Clark counties. Cecil hauled until his death 
January 24, 1989. 


In the latter 1800s the post office of WaPuck was established 
two and a half miles west of what is now the Liberty Hill corner. 
Then, due to the fact there was another WaPuck in Illinois, the 
name was changed to Walla Walla. The post office was discon- 
tinued in 1904. Mr. Lawrence Wade related much of the following 
account to Martha Nees. 

There was a big store which stood just west of the corner now 
marked with the "Walla Walla" sign. It was owned by Sam Sher- 
wood, and a Mr. Talbott was a partner. They had medallions bear- 
ing the names Sherwood-Talbott which were given out instead of 
change; to redeem them customers had to bring them back to the 
store for additional purchases. 

They bought and sold coal, hay, poultry, eggs, as well as food 
and dry goods. There was a set of platform scales along the east 
side of the store, a chicken cage in the back of the store, and, of 
course, the hitchrack on the east side was a necessity for tying up 


Walla Walla, October 1910 

The country store, like others of the time, was the center of 
social life day and night. On Sunday evenings, the boys would 
gather at the store to decide where they would go to church: Walla 
Walla, Liberty Hill or the Block (Mt. Zion). Then they would all 
leave for the evening. The store loafers spun their tales, each one 
trying to tell the biggest story (and, at times, that was BIG!). 

West of the store lived Jim Strain. Other near neighbors were 
Ross Greeson, Jimmie Darling (now the home of Dean and Linda 
Darling), Karl Kimble (now the home of Dave and Donna Kimble), 
Lowery Gabel (now the home of Mark and Debra Sherrick) and 
"Bill Spud" Albert where Mrs. Mary McMechan and family now 
own and reside. 

In the early 1900s there still stood a log cabin a little north of 
the store site. Farther west, on the edge of the Embarras River, 
was a gristmill. Farmers threw a sack of wheat on the back of a 
horse, went to the mill to get it ground, went to a fish trap located 
nearby and went home with flour and fish. The mill was out of 
operation by 1900; but, when the river is low, some traces of the 
ruins may still be seen. 

Walla Walla Neighborhood, 1947 ■ Front row: Ivan Reynolds, Gary Reynolds, 
Mary Kimble, Johnnie Shull, Sharon Lee Bradley, Clara Jo Sherrick, Beverly 
ShuU, Dorothy Kimble, Bob Smallwood, Donna Shull, Nina Feltner, Shirley Shull 
and unidentified. 

Second row: Maude Kimble and Lowell Smallwood, David Kimble, Ila Robey, 
Gertie Fogleman, Mary Starwalt and Larry Gabel, Mattie Wood and Carolyn 
Wood, Ina Feltner and Marilyn Wood, unidentified, Josie Sherrick, Marie 
Smallwood and Tom, Ivy Wood, Eileen Faulkner and Lilly Roberts. 

Third row; Harry Wood, Noah Sherrick, Stingley Outright, Forrest Wood, Con- 
rad Sherrick, Brub Fogleman, Jose Sherwood, Vernice Reynolds, Lena Sherrick, 
Irene Kimble, Cleo Gabel, unidentified, Nancy Reynolds, Cora Glidewell, Florence 
Sims, unidentified, Velma Sherrick, Dorothy Sherrick, Chloe Shull, unidentified, 
Zelda Faulkner, Zelma Roan, Lorene Sherrick, Jessie Wood, Leona Gabel and 
Donnie, and Lawerence Gabel Jr. 

Fourth row: Ralph Sherrick, Cap Roan, Johnny Starwalt, Roy Shull, Lawrence 
Gabel Sr., unidentified, unidentified, Everett Roberts, Mike Sherrick, Jim Sher- 
rick, Lenious Fogleman, unidentified, Eugene Nees and Karl Kimble. 

Walla Walla had a doctor at one time, Dr. Rollins, who lived 
east of the store. Alva Fletcher had a barbershop in 1907; he later 
went to Oklahoma. There were two churches. New Hope and New 
Haven, and the Hickory School. New Haven Baptist Church 
closed in the early 1950s; in the late 1940s children were bused to 
Greenup so the school building was sold to Dale and Lois James. 
New Hope Church was rebuilt after being struck by lightning in 
1978. It continues to have services at this time. 

About 1896 a bridge was built across the river west of the 
Hickory School. By this route, Jewett could be reached in a very 
short distance. In 1909 it washed out and was never rebuilt. Re- 
mains of it may still be seen. 

Lowery Gabel had a race track south of the store. He bought the 
famous horse by the name of "Hero" in the early 1900s. Hero, a 
good horse but somewhat hard to control, was well-known at the 
county fairs. 

Walla Walla is a quiet, friendly community today, but, as with 
all rural areas, good roads, automobiles and television have 
changed the social focus of the residents. 

Walla Walla, March 1992 


Woodbury was platted on land belonging to William C. 
Greenup and George Hanson in 1835. It was named for George 
Woodbury who built a cabin here as early as 1831. In 1833 Levi 
Beals came here and built a cabin, a horse mill which was quite 
a convenience for people from miles around. He also started a 
tavern, a general store and he was the postmaster at one time. D. 
T. Wisner kept a grocery store and post office. 

There has been a schoolhouse there for years, a Methodist 
Church and, around 1916, a United Brethren Church was built; it 
has been gone for years. When the railroad was built through 
here, a depot was established. The railroad was the St. Louis, Van- 
dalia and Terre Haute line. It has changed many times; now it is 

Woodbury Folks - ladies on the walk unidentified. In the buggy: unidentified. 
Myrtle McClellan, Lula (Plummer) Tolch, Guy Plummer and Clyde Plummer. 
Taken in the center of Montrose, Illinois. 


The Woodbury Post Office was established May 18, 1835, and 
changed to Ogden on August 22, 1849. On May 1, 1850, it 
changed back to Woodbury, on January 25, 1871, it changed to 
Jewett. Woodbury Post Office was established again October 30, 
1891, discontinued on April 14, 1917. Woodbury mail delivery is 
now RFD, Montrose, Illinois. 

Woodbury community has a unique item of interest. Just south 
of the Woodbury United Methodist Church is what the old-timers 
called "Indian Rock." Tradition is that a huge Indian head 
statue once stood on top of this mammoth rock. When the railroad 
was built this was blasted to get rock fill for the railroad bed. 
Nevertheless the huge rock still exists in 1992. A rock cave is also 
thought to have been in the side of this rock. 

The village of Woodbury lives only in the memory of the older 
citizens and the township of Woodbury. 


Y AN AWAY COMMUNITY, 1914-15-16 

Some identified, front row: Clyde Staley, Bernadine Brandenburg, Loren Gard- 
ner, Jake Henderson, Everett Staley, Orthello Wright, Leo Black, Blanche 
(Matheny) Taylor, Nora Louise Emerick, Alice (Wright) Jones and Hershell Owens. 

Others identified in picture: Fred Collins, Lucille Woodrow, Reatha Miller, 
Elsie Chrysler, Lett (Matheny) Oakley, Lily Taylor, Ruth Reinboldt, Effie Owen, 
Henry David, Fred Collins, Rosa Chrysler, Ellen Collins, Dave Miller, Bill 
Matheny, Mabel Brandenburg, Carrie Chrysler, Jennie Wright, Nell Collins, Amy 
Miller, Mrs. Bill Brewer, Daisy Owen, Luke Stultz, Flora (Chrysler) Matheny, 
Byron Emerick, Lyman Combs, Vena Stultz, Ellen Wright, Bill Owen, Leonard 
Henderson and Mabel Duncan. 


This is located on the southeast corner of Route 121 and the 
Neoga Road. Dr. G. W. Albin homesteaded this corner and built a 
log cabin. Later, James Madison Albin lived here. 

In 1930 Homer Baker built and ran a store and gas station at 
this location; later. Art Zike ran this store, thus it was called Zike's 
corner. Tom and Flo Wampler bought it around 1950, and they 
ran it until her death in 1985. 

On the northeast corner, George SuUender opened a store and 
gas station; it later closed. Today neither corner is in business. 


When the railroad was being built across Illinois, a construc- 
tion camp was set up. The workers in the construction camp came 
from a small town called Vevay in southeast Indiana near the Ken- 
tucky line. They gave the name of their hometown to the site and 
added the name Park since they were camped by a large woods. 

When trains began running on the line, there were coal- 

burning steam engines in use. The lake is real close to the tracks, 
so a large water tower was erected along the side of the track to 
furnish water for the engines. A large coal-fired engine was used 
to pump the water into the water tower. Trains stopped there 
every day to fill up with water. 

A building housing the water pump was also used as a depot for 
waiting passengers and ticket sales. The mail was put off there 
and out-going mail picked up. A man named Orr Shuey was sole 
operator. He walked and carried the mail sack of incoming mail 
about one-quarter mile to the post office in a store and took the 
out-going mail back with him. 

Passenger trains with diners and mail cars were a common daily 
sight for many years. Freight trains hauled a lot of freight before 
we had big trucks. So much freight was hauled that double tracks 
were installed in the 1920s from Casey to St. Louis, but a few 
years ago one set of tracks was removed because big trucks were 
taking so much of the railroad business. Passenger trains were 
taken off several years ago. 

Besides the elevator and coal business, Mr. Ruffner had a 
general store. He had the bricks for the building made from clay 
on his own land. On one counter there was a large red coffee 
grinder where coffee beans were ground fresh for customers. Also, 
there was a large round container for cheese with the big cutting 
knife. Bananas were hanging on the stalk on rope and pulley in 
one corner. On the dry goods side, on the counter was a big rack 
with a roll of wrapping paper and a knife to cut the paper with, 
also there was the O.N.T. thread dispenser. 

There was another store building to the east of the Ruffner 
building. It was used as a store on the first floor and on the second 
floor the Odd Fellow Lodge and Rebekah Lodge had their 
meetings. There was also a third general store west on the south 
side of the road. On the east at the crossroads on the north side 
was a church. It was moved into Casey many years ago. Just east 
of the church stood a large, red brick school building. It was a 
two-room school for many years. In 1918 the building was con- 
demned by a state inspector. The people failed to pass a tax 
referendum, so the school was moved to a vacant store building 
for two years. After that a new building was built. It was one of the 
most modern one-room buildings in Cumberland County. 

Vevay Park Store in the 1950s. Vevay Post Office was established Novebmer 15, 
1883, changed to Vevay Park October 19, 1887, and discontinued July 15, 1922. 



There is only one living veteran from the Spanish-American 
War, Nathan Cook, who turned 106 last year and resides in the 
Department of Veterans Affairs nursing home in Phoenix. There 
are about 81,000 living veterans of World War I; 8,812,000 of 
World War II; 4,812,000 of the Korean Conflict; and 8,299,000 
from the Vietnam era. Source: Department of Veterans Affairs. 


Revolutionary soldiers buried in Cumberland County are listed 
as: Captain Hart; Captain John F. Smith; and Pvt. James Ryan. 
James Ryan was born in Virginia and came to Coles County (in 
1843, part of Coles County became Cumberland) and so he 
became one of Cumberland's early settlers. He enlisted February 
28, 1777, in Captain James Calderwood's company, the 11th and 
15th Virginia troops commanded by Col. Daniel Morgan. From 
his pension census he was 83 in 1840. He is buried in Bright's 
Cemetery, Greenup Township, Cumberland County. 

WAR OF 1812 — 1812-1815 

Veterans of this war buried in Cumberland County are listed as: 
William Brewer and Dewey Wall who are buried at Harmony 
Cemetery; and Captain James Sperry, John Ward, T. Duncan, 
James Monohon, George Lewis, J. A. Pitts, Andrew Strader, James 
Pickering, James Cook, John Medley, Silas W. Huffcutt, 0. H. 
Payne, James Eaton, William Hopper, M. Houston, H. Aleshire, F. 
Stockbarger, R. Freeman and William Templeton are listed as 
buried in the Greenup Cemetery. 


Toledo veterans of this war were listed as: T. W. Seamans, Co. 
E. 4th, Illinois; George Barton, Co. E. 9th Illinois; and W. E. 
Walker, Co. M. U.S. Vol.; while Neoga's soldiers were Thomas 
Witwere, J. M. Wright, Dennis Higgins, Will Davidson and Harry 
S. R. Davidson. Greenup's veterans were listed as George Robert- 
son, J. W. Rudd and William Kilgore. Source: Record of Burial 
Places of Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, and Army Nurses of All Wars 
of the United States, Buried in Illinois, Vol. I. 

MEXICAN WAR — 1846-1848 

Two Cumberland County men lost their lives in Mexico during 
this war: Samuel Walden and Thomas Hart. From the obituary of 
Henry W. Green of Toledo (1827-1918), he was the country's last 
Mexican War veteran to die. He came to this country from Ken- 
tucky in 1832. He was deputy sheriff under Edward Baumgartner, 
1870-1872. In character he was a man of strong will, quick of con- 
ception, strict honesty, shrewd in business matters, a devoted 
friend under all circumstances, of kind and sympathetic nature, 
lion-like courage, and a man who would never betray a trust of 
confidence. He is buried in the Toledo Cemetery. 

CIVIL WAR — 1861-1865 

In the 1884 Cumberland County history, titled Cumberland 
County's War Record, and Adjutant General's Reports in Spring- 
field, Illinois, it becomes clear why the Civil War veterans had a 
camaraderie that was hard to breech. The Illinois regiments were 
made up of companies organized entirely of county men. Exam- 
ple, Company "B" of the 123rd was Cumberland County, home- 

Annual Reunion ut Ihe Cumberland County Civil War Veterans Association. It 
is believed to have been taken in Hazel Dell, 1899! 

Front row, right to left: J. N. Nees, Dave Mitchell, John Waldrip, Frank J. Cora, 
Ross Bosworlh, Jeff Latta, Cap Keys, Charles Allen, George Hosier, William H. 
Cole and S. Patrick. 

Second row, right to left: Roy Higgins, Elisha Ray, Henry Taylor, Chester Jones, 
John Kilgore, D. H. Rowe, Lewis Havins, Nehemiah Fancher, Dan Jobe, Joe 
Nichols, Floyd Reynolds, A. Judson, Albert Dorey, R. Button, Thomas Mouser, 

Ben tvilchcii, Lewis Cook, Henry Covill, John Yocum and P. Lookingbill (with 

Back row, right to left: Robert Shull (holding flag), Dan Gabels, John Conzet, 
Dan Monson, John Brashears, William Hammer, Joe Eveland, George Strader, 
unidentified, Dave Cole, Dr. Charles Cochran, Capt. Roy Fancher, George Tucker, 
Alferd Feathering, Zeke Anderson, Henry Catey, Ben Humphrey, John Latta, Levi 
Mattoon, Mortomer Price and Gabe Haga (kneeling). 

Man partially hidden not counted and unindentifed. 


grown boys, as were the 5th Cavalry's A and I companies, and so 
on it went. Most of the time a soldier spent his enlistment with 
men he had known at home, they shared good times, hard times 
and the loss of friends together. They endured things, they could 
only talk about with one another. 


This regiment was organized at Mattoon, Illinois, by Colonel 
James Monroe, companies A, C, D, H, I and K being from Coles 
County; B from Cumberland County; E from Clark County; F and 
G from Clark and Crawford counties. It was mustered into service 
at Camp Terry, Mattoon, September 6, 1862. With this company, 
a young man from Jewett, 24-year-old Alonzo C. Hilton, was a 
member. He was a corporal and his residence was listed as "Ma- 
jority Point." He was six feet, black hair and eyes, dark complex- 
ion, a farmer by trade and married to Sarah E. 

On September 19, the regiment was loaded into freight cars 
and transported to Louisville, Kentucky. They were to fortify the 
city against Gen. Bragg's army who was then advancing on in pur- 
suit of Gen. Buell. On October 1, they marched under Gen. Buell 
southward through Kentucky after Gen. Bragg who had turned 
back. They were raw recruits with little training, had never had 
battalion drill. On October 8, 1862, they engaged in battle with 
Bragg outside of Perryville at Chaplin Hills, Kentucky, and Corp. 
Alonzo C. Hilton was killed in action. Thirty-six other soldiers 
were killed, 180 were wounded and two commanders were killed 
that day. Generals Terrill and Jackson. 

They moved on through Kentucky and into Tennessee. In May 
they were assigned to Wilder's Brigade. They were mounted and 
armed with seven-shooter Spencer rifles. They fought their way 
through Tennessee, Georgia and into Alabama. Three years later, 
they were mustered out in Nashville, Tennessee, and found their 
way home. There were many of Cumberland County soldiers who 
never returned and some who were wounded and scarred for life 
from Southern prisons. Is it any wonder they called one another 

Veterans Group - only one identified is Henry Adkins, first row, second from the 


John Carruthers, a resident of Cumberland County at the time 
of his death in 1928, wrote the following letter to his brother 
Lemuel before they volunteered as soldiers in the Civil War. The 
letter reveals the moral and patriotic feeling that existed at the 
time of the Civil War. The letterhead upon which the letter was 
written bears the American flag in colors with 34 stars. Below the 
flag are the words, "Float on forever." The writer of the letter, 
John Carruthers, was the grandfather of Mrs. Gertrude Greeson, 

Oberlin Ohio 
June 25, 1861 
Dear Brother: 

I received your letter some time ago and being 
somewhat pressed for time I have not answered it yet. 
I should like to see the improvements you have been 
making in the appearance of the farm. While you are 
making external improvements I am trying to make 
some internal. I have no doubt yours will make the 
most show but still I hope I may be the instrument in 
the world of doing something good. It seems as 
though a man was made for some other purpose than 
merely to have an existence for a few short years and 
then pass off the stage of being and be no more. 
There is that within us which tells us we were made 
for something higher. I have concluded there is 
something beyond any earthly thing that should con- 
cern us more. Here we are brought in contact with 
religion showing there is genuineness in it. 

There are many persons here whose lives are con- 
sistent with their precepts and I know they have feel- 
ings which are entirely satisfactory to themselves. I 
have been led into this train of thought by hearing 
Prof. Morse and Prof. Finney preach a funeral of a 
very worthy young lady this afternoon. 

We had quite a patriotic meeting of yesterday. The 
occasion was raising a liberty pole and swinging from 
it the "Star Spangled Banner." A flag 36 feet long 
and 25 feet wide, a very nice one. There were two or 
three military companies on hand and as many brass 
bands. The town has purchased a cannon so that we 
are able to make our own noise and rejoice over vic- 
tories, if we have any to rejoice over, but the 
telegraph fools us so often we don't know when to 
believe it. 

There is some probability that the President will 
call on 500,000 men when Congress meets and if he 
does, don't you think you and I had better go? If we 
cannot get schools we might be just as useful, and if 
we die we have the consciousness of knowing that we 
will die for a good cause. I would rather go with a 
company from here if we should go, for then I would 
expect to be with good company, which I would not in 
many others, only I would like to have some relation 
with me and I would suggest if such be the case, and 
you have any desire to serve your country, that you 
will come here and join. 

The company from here gets all the honors imag- 
inable and they have raised a fund of several thou- 
sand dollars for the benefit of volunteers. I do not 
wish to go, but if I find it my duty to go probably I 
shall and no one can blame me for doing so. I think 
there are so many of us, and some of us ought to be in 
the good cause. 

(Signed) John Carruthers 

Submitted by Gertrude Greeson 



Mrs. R. E. Holsapple, Toledo, III. U.S.A. 
Dear Mother, 

Have been in Paris two days. Have been revisiting Reims today. Not much left 
of the town but ruins. 


This card was sent from Coen Holsapple to his mother from France in 1918. It 
was marked "Soldiers Postage" and used no stamp. 

Wayne Moses as a young soldier in 
front of his home 

Wayne Moses, 1984, in his World 
War I uniform, in front of his 
boyhood home. The house was torn 
down in 1990, after his death. 

Front row: Hamp Rodgers and Abner Scott. Back row: Don Cutts, unidentified 
Leland Smith and Harold Walker. 

Kneeling; Abner Scott. First row: Maudlene Scott, Bertha Cutts and Molly 
Walker. Second row: Rubin Scott, Olive Greathouse and Mrs. Ivan Smith. Third 
row: Leland Smith, Donald Cutts, Ivan Smith and Harold Walker. Back row; Hamp 

Wayne Moses 

Sunday, October 9, 1921 - the military services held for Corp. Orval J. Boggs 
and Miles G. Coleman on the west side of the old Greenup Courthouse, Greenup, 






u H 

October 9, 1921, Greenup, Illinois, the remains of Greenup's heros - Corp. Orval 
J. Boggs and Pvt. Miles G. Goleman are laid to rest. Several thousand people line 
Greenup street as the cortege moves slowly by. The caissons were pulled by six 
black horses. 


Militdri^ Funeral 


Private Fred L. Nichols, Co. L 47 Inf. 4th Div. 
Born Januai-y 12, 1893; 
Killed in Action in France July 29, 1918 


Private Wm. H. Hicks, Co. A. 119th Infantry 

Bom July 13, 1895 
Killed in Action in France October 10- 1918. 

Public Funeral Services will be held in the Public ! 
Square, at Greenup, Illinois, on 

Wednesday July 12th at 2:30 P. M. 

Under the auspices of the American Legion. 

Rev. Herbert G. Marldey and Rev. Scun Price will 


Interment in Greenup Cemetery 

Friends and Acquaintances of the families respect- 
fully invited to attend. 


Meinorwl Services \\\\\ Ul- la-l'l in honor ■-( 


Wlio -rave liis life for '.u-^ Conntry in tin.- trunt line tn-ndic- of 
France. Mond.iv. Au^'nst hx.\\ 191.S 

This service will he held at the I'resbyierian Church, WVilnes- 

(lay. October ind. at 1:30 P. M. luiiler the uuspues 

of the I. O. O. 1'.. Re'l Men. Rehukahs. D. of 

P. ami Sons of W-teran;,. Re\ . Saiiv Price 

will ileliver the aildre^s 

Friends of the f;--ni!\' are respectfnliy invited to attend 


rlit 4^1 ruin limit 

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•>viiirt^-3rtriifli (Lnnnimni, ^ixtli Jlrqimntt, Uiiitrb ^tntrs ^llnriitrs 

jfirll nit titr ^\rgniiitr ^H'irliN 

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•'^'rr\'irrs nt llrrfibutrrinn Cluirrlt, Js'rngn, Illliitpis 

^■jiM^nu itftrnumit, ^rrrmbrr first 

(EU'ii fprt(;-fii'r n'dnrk 

Public Funeral Service Card for Corporal Howard Russell Volaw of Neoga 



Anyone 50 years old or younger won't remember too much 
about the ration books each family had to have to purchase ra- 
tioned items. Once a month each family would go to the nearest 
"ration board office" (in my family's case it was Toledo) and pick 
up the allotted amount of stamps for the number of persons in the 
family. Each rationed item used a different color stamp. For ex- 
ample, red stamps were used for sugar, green for shoes, blue for 
gasoline, etc., and when the stamps were used up you couldn't buy 
anymore until you got a new batch the next month. It seemed we 
were always short of something, but my mother would say, 
"That's all right, we can get along." She and my dad were wor- 
ried constantly about the four sons they had serving in that war. 
Each family that had someone in the service would have a blue 
satin banner, with a white star representing each member of the 
family in the war, hanging in their window. I remember being so 
proud that our banner had four stars on it, and of course a lot 
happier when they all came back home. We were very fortunate. 

Submitted by Millie Gentry Lindsay 

Cecil Earnest Carver - Army, 1941-45. This is the type of World War II patriotic 
material you could find at any dime store in the country. 


Office of Price "Administration.'> . 



: ^-' :'■ IlvpbRTAj^^r(. ' vbmJyOT , 1^ 

5 V'^ /^ ' / ''^\\ ^.' ^AflTB Fats. Tbcy aj^'needed to 'mate monmons ^^■'^°^?^i' JH 
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' -ficitf ftcct^tlng this book, I recognizonhat it rnnaiiiB the propcrtr of tlie pulted 
..State* CoTeiTiinciiL I will use it; only in tlw 'manner and xcr the' pDipooe» 
■ _ autlukrizci} i>r tlic Office of Price Administration. .'J * 



i (I^«n«r 'to' viola t« ratujning rtguiation*. 

-Mr '«-f ■ 



Lowell G. Freeman was born in Cumberland County (on the old 
Soloman Smith farm north of the Greenup Post Office) on April 
19, 1918. He was the son of Franklin Watts and Alma Carlin. His 
mother later married Guy Victor Freeman, and his stepfather was 
his father figure and biggest influence during his younger years. 

He graduated Greenup High School in 1938, and in 1941 he 
enlisted in the regular Army, serving until 1954. 

It was during World War II in Italy that Sgt. Freeman, during 
the performance of duty in battle, became one of Cumberland 
County's heroes. His story, as told in his own words, is truly inspir- 
ing. He has 24 medals which includes the Silver Star, Purple 
Heart, Soldier's Medal and Good Conduct Medal. His claim to the 
highest honor, the Congressional Medal of Honor, has been his 
quest now for many years. 

Lowell Freeman in Italy, 1944 

In a letter from the Department of the Army, "They assure him 
they are taking every possible action to resolve the matter, but it 
is particularly frustrating because of the accidental destruction of 
your personnel records in the 1973 fire at the National Personnel 
Records Center in St. Louis." 

Lowell has spent many years (when he had time off from just liv- 
ing his life) trying to prove his story. Perhaps the most compelling 
proof he has was found in 1962 at the Journal-Gazette archives of 
old newspapers, an account of his deeds (just as he tells it) dated 
September 20, 1944! 


His Own Story 

Taken From the Service Record Book of 

Cumberland County, Illinois 

James Sherrick, World War II 

I went through the war as a reconnaissance officer in Battery 
A., 160th Field Artillery Battalion, 45th Infantry Division, with 
rank of first lieutenant. The 45th went into action, myself includ- 
ed, on July 9, 1943, in Sicily. Our next operation was September 
10, (?) on the Salerno Beachhead in Italy. In January of 1944, the 
division made a support landing on the beachhead at Anzio, Italy. 
I was captured on February 18, 1944, on this same beachhead by a 
German unit. This ended my combat experience. I was in various 
camps during the next few months, Verona, Italy, for three 
months, Austria for three months and Poland for seven months. In 
January 1945 a Russian column overtook the German company 
that was attempting to move us to central Germany. Most of this 
group were prisoners. I, with the rest of these prisoners, was 
evacuated. I was sent to Russia and then back to the states in 
April 1945. I was awarded the Silver Star for action near Persano, 
Italy, and for the day I was captured I was awarded the 
Distinguished Service Cross and Purple Heart. After being 
discharged, I attended law school and am now a retired judge of 
Douglas County and live in Villa Grove, Illinois. 


Highly decorated soldier John H. Mock was drafted into the 
U.S. Army at Camp Grant near Rockford, Illinois, November 27, 
1941, just five days before his 23rd birthday. Upon induction, he 
was sent immediately on to Camp Croft, South Carolina, for a 
16-week basic training period which was cut to 14 weeks due to 
Pearl Harbor and the U.S. entry into the war. At a salary of $21 
per month. Private Mock was sent next to Ft. Dix, New Jersev, 


where he joined I Company of the 135th Combat Infantry Regi- 
ment of the 34th Division. In the predawn hours of April 30, 1942, 
he left the United States by troop ship and on May 13 landed in 
Northern Ireland where he trained all that summer before leaving 
for an unknovm destination October 22, 1942. 

On November 8, 1942, Mock found himself on board the sink- 
ing destroyer Malcomb, one of two destroyers carrying 600 shock 
troop.« attempting to get into the port of Algiers in time to capture 
the French fleet anchored there. One destroyer made it into the 
port but the troops were captured, while survivors from the 
Malcomb were taken on board another ship which resumed the at- 
tack the next day, rescuing the 300 captured Allied troops and 
forcing the harbor to surrender on November 10. 

Following this initial taste of combat, he fought at the 
Kasserine Pass, then at Pichon, North Africa, where on March 6, 
1943, he was recommended for the Silver Star. 


HEADQiJAnTEns i;,Tii ir[FAi:Tn( mvisioii 


}0 U»j 19'i3. 

2;?0.33-Uot:k, John (Enl) 

Subjooti Award of ttio Silver Stnr. 

To : Cooniandlnj^ Of rlc«i , 135th InXnntry Roe''^"^. 

1. Undor tho rrovla^nng nf An 6no-/.5, ij, im-Md»d, oui >3 Rruionnced 
In CrviBl nrd-r.< Idimbor IS H"9'lTmrl nr-^ l/,Mi Tnl ^ti',r-/ Olvlalo", dnLn-l 
I'. U«y 19;.3, An swrird of th« ,'^llv-r "Inr In iwl" lo tli-» foUo-Uip iu..»d 
iDBmhPr of your conimand! 

JOIIH ICCK, 363W777, Corporal (TIibo Frlvitn), Coup-iny "I", 135th 
InfAntlT Rnglnont. For gi\ll«nlry In action on 6 Unrch 191,3, n">r Pichon, 
Tunisia, North Africa. Corporil Uo-I:, in l:,» fica of hnavj ancnj- machlna 
gnn and mortar lire, and njid"r perfect ob?'rvntlon of tlio ana ly loralod 
onl^ 250 ynrda ea^t, of his ccvT,|J»nj- and "1th utter diflie,i'rd [or his o*n 
paraonal oafoly, carried a aerlonnly wonndnd cc»nr,tdn t( en area of cover 
ehere lie could receive the neceaeary medical attention. Thl, gnUant act 
olvad hie comrado'o life. The courage of Corporal Unci; I, eoithy of tht 
hictieat pralae end ie a credit to the Annod Forces of the Llnited Stitee 
(Uedal No. 16630) 

CllAS. H. RYDIR, '' 

Uajor Ganertl, U. S. Arny, 

After this he took part in such battles on African soil as Fon- 
douc Pass, Sened Station and Hill 609 (which took three weeks to 
capture), to name but a few. From May 1943 through January 
1944, Bill saw a lot of heavy fighting and for his heroism was 
recommended for the Bronze Star, which he received after the 

John "Bill" Mock with list of decorations and citations awarded to him for his 
service during World War II: Silver Star Medal; Bronze Star Medal; Purple Heart; 
Good Conduct Medal; European-African-Middle Eastern Theatre Ribbon, with 
four Bronze Stars; American Campaign Ribbon, medal not shown; American 
Defense Service ribbon; Combat Infantry Badge; Distinguished Unit Badge. 

Next came Cassino, and it took more than a month of hard 
fighting to capture this important city. John Mock was wounded 
there on February 4, 1944, and returned to a field hospital to have 
the schrapnel removed but recovered fast enough to be back with 
his company in only 17 days. While in the hospital Mock received 
the Purple Heart and on March 1st was promoted to platoon 
sergeant. Upon returning to action. Mock, along with the entire 
34th Division, was taken back to Naples to take part in the frontal 
assault on Anzio Beach which was at that time both north of 
Naples as well as north of the front line. On April 18th he received 
orders that he would be reassigned back to the United States on a 
rotation plan and that very night he was sent back to Naples 
where he left for home on May 11, 1944. He arrived in New York 
on June 9th and from there he was sent to Fort Sheridan to get an 
allotment of new clothes and a furlough. He had not seen his fami- 
ly or Cumberland County since November of 1941. He returned to 
duty at Daytona Beach, Florida, where he served as sergeant ma- 
jor of Welch Convalescent Hospital until his discharge on 
September 5, 1945. 

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^M'^^l/ . 


Millard E. Kingery joined the Army and took basic training at 
Ft. Custer, Michigan. On December 1, 1940, he was assigned to an 
anti-tank company 2nd Infantry, Fifth Division, at 821 per month 
pay. The next several months were spent paratrooper training at 
Ft. Campbell, Kentucky, the Arizona desert, Louisiana, and at Ft. 
Custer where the company became an anti-tank battalion. In 
September he was sent to Iceland with the Seventh Engineers to 
build an airport, and having completed that was sent to New York 
state to take part in secret tests of the new 90-MM anti-tank guns. 
From these New York tests he returned to Reykjavik, Iceland, for 
intensive training before shipping out to North Africa, arriving on 
November 10 in time to engage in the big battle of Kasserine 
Pass, Tunisia. In this battle he was hit twice by machine gun 
bullets and was awarded the Purple Heart for the first of three 
times. The Germans lost 500 tanks in this battle and soon were 
forced to give up North Africa. 

On December 25, 1944, his division arrived in Bastogne, 


Belgium, to find their buddies of the 101st Airborne Division sur- 
rounded by Germans, down to their last round or two of ammuni- 
tion per rifle, but still able to hold out and defying a German re- 
quest for their surrender with the now famous "nuts to you" reply 
by their general. 

Having rescued the 101st Airborne, Millard Kingery's division 
remained at Bastogne until February 1, 1945, when it began pur- 
suing the Germans east all the way to the Rhine River, taking 
22,000 prisoners along the way. On this drive Kingery was leading 
a patrol through a small village with the goal of eradicating 
snipers lingering there. They entered a hotel when the desk clerk 
assured them there were no Germans left, but when they searched 
up as far as the third floor of the building and just as Kingery had 
his back turned inspecting one of the rooms, a German soldier 
rushed out of a broom closet and drove his bayonet deep between 
Kingery's shoulder blades. Bleeding profusely and with a col- 
lapsed lung, Kingery was carried by stretcher to a field hospital 


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Thpater of OppcaEion 

i:iM \ 1 Nliril Jt\ HAVIi I.N TttC «^IT^ or WASIIIMITOfJ 
Tills J^rli |IA\ m Pc-nbet lll^i 

where he was miraculously saved, and for this he received his sec- 
ond Purple Heart and the offer to return home, but he insisted on 
rejoining his old outfit and buddies even though they had moved 
ahead by many miles. Kingery requisitioned a jeep and struck out 
on his own, finally catching his outfit at the town of Offenbach, 
Germany. From here they advanced with great speed southeast in- 
to Austria, crossing the Salzuch River in a few hours. But it was 
here that Kingery received a near-fatal hit from an artillery shell 
and got his third Purple Heart. This time the Army insisted that 
he return to the states. 


As Patton's Third Army was advancing across France in 1944, 
an urgent message was passed from the French Red Cross to the 
English Red Cross stating the Germans planned to execute all 
prisoners at Rouen, France, rather than let them be liberated by 
Patton's advance units which were within three-days distance of 
the prison camp. Most of the prisoners to be executed were 
English pilots, some who had been prisoners since Dunkirk. 

Millard E. Kingery was placed in command of 50 men assigned 
to capture the prison camp. Following a carefully planned 
manuever, Kingery's troopers dropped by parachute into the 
farm area of the huge walled camp at three in the morning. The 
guards were fast asleep and easily overcome without firing a shot, 
the arms depot opened without difficulty, and 500 pilots issued 
German rifles and ammunition and told to be ready to fight for 
their very lives. At dawn the Germans knew the camp was cap- 
tured, so with a large contingent of troops attacked the camp head 
on, but suffering such heavy casualties were forced to retreat. In 
the late afternoon another attack was beaten back and that even- 
ing a third major attack was repulsed. Only four of Kingery's men 
were wounded in the three attacks, and the camp held out until 
the next day when the Seventh Tank Battalion broke into the city 
and rescued them. For such heroic action Kingery and all 50 of 
his men were awarded the Silver Star and received special praise 
from Patton. 

Millard Kingery with a list of medals from his service in World War II: Combat 
Infantry; American Defense; European-African Campaign; Good Conduct; World 
War II; Army of Occupation; Silver Star; Bronze Star; Purple Heart #1; Purple 
Heart #2; Purple Heart #3, not shown; Honorable Service; American Campaign; 
plus seven more medals not shown. 

When John H. Mock and Millard E. Kingery returned to Cum- 
berland County they almost immediately took up civic duties. 

Both of these modest, unassuming men are representative of 
the unflinching sense of duty shown by the thousands of men and 
women who have been called over the years to serve their nation's 
colors whether at the workbench, in the fields of crops or on the 
battlefields in distant lands. 

Cumberland County is indeed proud of these thousands who 
have risen to the call, and their memory will always be honored in 
the hearts and minds of those generations yet to come. 

Submitted by John Cowger with approval of John Mock and 
Millard Kingery 



The soldiers who gave their lives in Vietnam from Cumberland 
County were: 

Army 1st Lt. Daniel L. Wente, born July 4, 1941, at Neoga, Il- 
linois, the son of Leo "Slim" and Rose Wente, died April 3, 1967. 

• • » • • 

Army Sp. 4 Michael H. Flood, born October 1, 1948, Toledo, Il- 
linois, son of Harold and Charlene Flood, died on Good Friday, 
April 4, 1969, a year to the day he enlisted. He was serving with a 
medical unit, the 101st Airborne Division southwest of Hue, South 
Vietnam, when it was reported that a soldier was down and need- 
ed medical aid. Michael was mortally wounded while attempting 
to carry the wounded man to safety. His parents received the 
Silver Star "for gallantry in action," awarded posthumously to 



Army Cpl. Raymond L. Williams, Neoga, born January 8, 1950, 

son of Claude and Fern Williams, died April 9, 1970. 

« « • * * 

Army Sp. 5 Michael L. Brummer, Jewett, was born October 10, 
1950, son of Ed and Margie Brummer. He was killed April 23, 
1971, while serving his second tour of duty in Vietnam. He was 20 
years old. 

Brummer was a machine gunner for helicopter medical evacua- 
tion. He enlisted in the Army at 17, just out of high school. Prior 
to his death, he was awarded the Third Air Medal with "V" for 

heroism in action. 


One of the ironies of Cumberland County's Vietnam dead is 
that each soldier died in April. Lt. Wente died April 3, 1967; Sp. 4 
Flood was killed April 4, 1969; Corp. Williams on April 9, 1970; 
and Sp. 5 Brummer gave his young life April 23, 1971. Still fur- 
ther Michael Brummer's helicopter was shot down three times 
before and the aircraft was destroyed, and each time it happened 
in April. 

The parents of these young fighting men began to dread for 
April to roll around each year. 


On December 16, 1991, while all America watched on televi- 
sion, the war in the Persian Gulf began. "Desert Storm," as it was 
called, was certainly a different kind of war for the folks at home. 
We felt a part of what our young soldiers were doing because we 
watched it happen. We became one of the biggest support groups 
ever; we tied yellow ribbons on our homes, fences and trees. The 
hometown papers published letters from our boys, and we 
answered them. 

It was also different in other ways, too. There had always been 
women in uniform during war, but this time, in our own communi- 
ty, we had mothers called up for duty in the National Guard. They 
were more than nurses and clerks, they were combat soldiers. We 
also had husbands and wives sent for active duty at the same time 
and both would go overseas. One such couple, Wesley and Carrie 
Martin from Greenup, was sent to the desert. 

And the biggest difference of all, for the very first time, 
Cumberland County had no casualties! Thank God for modern 
warfare, it was over almost before it started. Of course, other 
towns, counties and states lost loved ones. We were LUCKY, our 
prayers were answered! 


General Norman "Stormin' Norman" Schwarzkopf, the com- 
mander of "Desert Storm," became a national hero. He was 

dynamic in his speeches on television — someone we could relate 
to. He was a career soldier, ready to retire. This was his last com- 
mand and he gave it his ALL. He held our hearts in his hands and 
we knew we could count on him. 

Larry Sponsel, a Vietnam veteran from Greenup who was 
critically ill with cancer, was on the minds of many of our 
Cumberland County veterans, and they decided to hold an auc- 
tion sometime in October to help Larry's family with expenses. 
Jim Dunn, commander of the American Legion at Greenup, and 
Randell Rowe, treasurer of the American Legion at Neoga, decid- 
ed they would call on Gen. Schwarzkopf to send something for the 
auction. Jim and Randy said, "We just sat down and started call- 
ing; we called New York, Washington, D.C., and finally reached 
him at his office in Florida." 

They were told that because his nickname was "Bear," over the 
years he had been given and had collected "Teddy bears," over 
600 of them, in fact. He had handled all of them at one time or 
another and was going to start donating them to worthy causes. 
However, he did more than just send the Teddy bear. He wrote a 


Larry Sponsel, Greenup, who is critically ill at his home, recent- 
ly received the following letter from General H. Norman Schwarz- 

Dear Mr. Sponsel, I received a letter from your friends, Mr. 
Rowe and Mr. Dunn, the other day and they mentioned that you 
were in a battle of your own. I hope this letter will give you the 
ammunition you need to fight on. You would have been proud to 
lead our troops into battle. They are the most highly trained and 
competent force I have ever led. The NCO's and junior officers 
performed superbly in critical situations, providing "grass roots" 
leadership for our fighting troops. I was proud of each and every 
one of them and I would gladly serve with them again. Take care. 
You are lucky to have friends that care for you as much as Randell 
and Jim. Charge on and God bless you. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, 
General, U.S. Army! 

Also in the same Greenup Press: C.C.V.A. AUCTION SUC- 
CESSFUL — Weather considered, the Cumberland County 
Veterans Association auction in Greenup had a good turnout last 
Saturday morning during the Firemen's E.M.S. Festival. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jim Ryder purchased the Mystery Box, but not before lots of 
bidding while Roger Carrell took home the coveted Schwarzkopf 
Teddy bear. It was reported that the total proceeds received came 
to $1,105.50, with some advertising expenses to be deducted. The 
C.C.V.A. wished to express their thanks to everyone who came out 
to bid and who donated their time, materials and who helped in 
any way with the sale. A special thanks is also extended to Steve 
Brandenburg and Joe Gentry, volunteer auctioneers, also Mer- 
chandise Outlet for the use of their parking lot, and Debbie 
Brandenburg for collecting the Mystery Box. Note: Larry Sponsel 
did indeed "charge on." He told his family he v/as going to spend 
the Christmas holidays with them at home and he did. He lost his 
battle with cancer January 13, 1992. 


Shawn L. Alexander, Christopher Baker, Jeff W. Baker, Patti 
Baker, Brent Beyers, Jeffery A. Biggerman, James E. Brown, 
Travis E. Easton, Aaron Edwards, Donna Edwards, Robert Elsen, 
Rae Erickson, Mike Forbes, Clint A. Hymes, Andrew S. Kersey, 
Ernest L. Kersey, James R. Kersey Sr., Clayton King, Randell L. 
Lane, Tad Olmstead, Charles C. Shuemaker, John Smyser, M. D. 
Talbert Jr., Robert D. Winshester, Donald Maschenrose, Michael 
T. Walters and Tim Zimmer. 



John Bowman, Daniel J. Brummer, Eric C. Clark, James C. Cur- 
tis, Travis S. Easton, Jared L. Fritts, Shane Gentry, Curtis Hall, 
Herbert Hall, Larry Hall, John C. Hanley, John Mock Hickcox, 
Jodie L. Harvel, Donald Jackson HI, Glenn Livingston, John E. 
Osborne, Dennis Ray, Roscoe D. Shepherd, Carl R. Starvifalt Jr., 
Michael R. Tabacek, James R. Talley, Marty R. Talley, Thomas 
Tylka, Keith A. Landrus and Eric Hall. 


Jeffery Carrell, Phillip Cade, Herbert Holdren, Carrie Martin, 
Wesley Martin, Brian Holder, James Ray, Thomas D. Hand, 
Trevor Grissom, Bryan Hannah, Stephen Wallace, Ronald Marti, 
Kenneth Graham, Travis Easton, Roger Carlen, John Cisney, 
James Thompson, Andy Stout, Scott Jackson, Charles Warner H, 
Daniel Joe Brummer, Chanda Carlson, Scott Thornton, Randell 
Byers, Anthony Schaefer and Thad Frederick. 


"He stands in the unbroken line of patriots who have dared to 
die that FREEDOM might live and grow and increase its bless- 
ings. FREEDOM lives and through it he lives, in a way that 
humbles the undertakings of most men." 


GENESIS— We believe, as did Winston Churchill, that be- 
tween 1861 and 1865 was fought "The Noblest War," that the 
basic issues involved were somehow man's efforts to lift himself 
up by his bootstraps — away from profiting by the sweat and blood 
and degradation of enslaved victims. 

We believe that the "Boys in Blue" — whose bodies were of- 
fered in atonement for the great quilt of slavery — were, by this, 
hallowed and therefore ordained for a very special destiny. They 
were Lincoln's Boys. The Union soldier of the Civil War became a 
part of a surging torrent of change. For the most part, he went to 
war a callow youth, a provincial, an innocent. 

The fraternity of the tents, the barracks, the campfire, in- 
creased his understanding of his fellow man. Drill, and more drill, 
discipline had hardened him. The shock and fury of combat 
awakened him to a larger life — when it didn't kill or cripple him. 

If he left home a boy, he came home a man, if he came back at 
all. But he never forgot those with whom he served, fought beside, 
suffered and sacrificed with. These friendships became as strong 
as family ties. One of these veterans was to become the father of 
what was to become the most influential veterans organization 
that ever was. 

Major Benjamin Franklin Stephenson was a surgeon of the 14th 
Illinois. During the war he had been thinking about an organiza- 
tion of veterans to be organized after the war. By 1866 he had 
gathered a like-minded group, and on April 16, 1866, "The Grand 
Army of the Republic" was chartered. Decatur was Post#l. It has 
become a legend among the allied orders that the name was first 
heard at the Grand Review, Washington, D.C., in May 1865 as the 
first elements of the mighty Union Army swung into sight at the 
reviewing stand (taking two days to pass). General Grant, as the 
story goes, marched up to President Johnson, saluted and an- 
nounced, "Here, sir, is the Grand Army of the Republic!" 

SOURCE: Grand Army of the Republic, by Ernest G. Wells. 

The first convention was held in Springfield on July 12, 1866. 
In 1869 the department reported to national headquarters the ex- 
istence of 330 posts. 

The posts later demoralized and decreased with deaths of many 

leading comrades. Only 25 posts remained by 1870. They started 
a reorganization which was defeated when the Chicago fire 
destroyed all post records of the State Department. There were 
four posts operating in 1872. Rockford began reorganizing 
Chicago posts, and an upsurge lasted for the enrollment of 800 
posts. Records are on file for all but 33 of them. 

Hazel Dell Post #336 

Hazel Dell G.A.R. Post #336 was chartered August 24, 1883, by 
the Willow Hill Post #199. In a letter dated September 19, 1883, to 
national headquarters from W. J. Crittenden, he reports: Dear Sir 
and Comrade, On yesterday the 18th, I mustered Hazel Dell with 
the following members: D. H. Rowe, W. A. Applegate, Nicholis 
Applegate, John D. Lee, James Rader, Jacob Flint, W. H. 
Williams, John A. Kelly, William R. Davis, William Billman, John 
Walker, C. G. Cochran, J. M. Travis, A. Stuarts, James PuUen, 
Samuel Randell, Lewis B. Sandford, John E. Smith and Nicholis 
Brooks. The following officers were elected: D. C. G. Cochran, 
commander; Wm. A. Applegate, sr. vice commander; J. W. Travis, 
jr. vice commander; John Kelly, surgeon; D. H. Rowe, officer of 
the day; John Walker, adjutant; Wm. R. Davis, quartermaster; 
Nich Applegate, officer of the guard; and W. H. Williams, 

The comrades there all seemed to be pleased and if they do not 
succeed as a post, they have some bright members and a good 
material yet outside the order to work on. Yours in faith, comrade- 
ship and love, W. J. Crittenden, commander of Post #199. 

The quarterly adjutant's report shows they had their meetings 
every second and fourth Wednesday of each month at the 
Masonic Hall. Later they added members: J. R. Lansbery, 
Soloman Gross, Sam Reynolds (perhaps this is the Sam Randell 
listed before?) and T. J. Slusser. 

Hazel Dell's last quartermaster report was made on July 4, 
1910, with 15 members in good standing, and was made by J. S. 
Ragon, commander. In a letter from Chicago, dated March 13, 
1911 — My Dear Comrade, your post did not pay any per capita 
tax for the half year ending December 31, 1910, and does not res- 
pond to the several appeals which have been made since that 
time. I assume that this means that the post does not wish to con- 
tinue its charter and I therefore suggest that you take measures to 
wind it up and surrender your charter. Under the rules and 
regulations, this question must be submitted at a meeting of the 
post. Will you call the members together and submit it? 

Greenup's Smeidell Post #257 G.A.R. 

Greenup's G.A.R. Post was named for 1st Lt. Charles L. 
Smeidell who was born at Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, in 
1835. He was a lawyer and apparently came to Cumberland Coun- 
ty as a grown man without his family. He married Laura 0. 
Bosworth, born in 1843 in Cumberland County, the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. A. K. Bosworth. (He was removed from the office of 
county clerk because he refused to allow the records to be moved 
to the new county seat in Prairie City.) Lt. Smeidell enlisted in the 
Army May 7, 1861, and died in Nashville, Tennessee, of 
pneumonia on April 27, 1863. He and Laura had a daughter born 
in 1862, Lilly Smeidell Taylor. She lived in Terre Haute, Indiana, 
after she married. Laura Smeidell later married James Ewart. 

The Greenup Post was chartered on May 26, 1883, with charter 
members: E. Talbott, John Conzet, J. K. Green, William Cole, J. 
D. Eveland, G. B. Nichols, L. S. Fancher, J. M. Franklin, A. R. 
Bosworth, R. A. Matheney, William H. Ward, Joseph Havens, J. L. 
Mattoon, Samuel H. Wilcox, Harlow Park, George L. Nichols, 
Lemuel Leggett, Daniel Gabriel, Philander Bennett and 


Nehemiah Fancher. Officers were: Harlow Park, commander; 
Lemuel Leggett, sr. vice commander; A. R. Bosworth, jr. vice com- 
mander; John Conzet, officer of the day; William A. Cole, officer 
of the guard; Nehemiah Fancher, quartermaster; George L. 
Nichols, chaplain; Joseph D. Eveland, surgeon. 

The last quartermaster report was sent in June 1924 with 
Thomas Latta as commander. They had their meetings the first 
Monday on or before the full moon at the Masonic Hall. The com- 
manders were: 1884, Milton F. Franklin; 1885, Edward Talbott; 
1886-88, William Cole; 1888-89, Reily M. Smith; 1890, Alexander 
Keys; 1891, Albert G. Dorsey; 1892-93, Joshua L. Mattoon; 1894, 
R. N. Button; 1895-97, William Cole; 1898, Henry Catey; 1899, 
Joseph Eveland; 1900-01, William Cole; 1902-12, Henry CoviU; 
1912-13, H. I. Baker; 1914-15, 1922-23, E. Anderson; 1916, '19, 
'21, John Wadlem; 1819, J. L. Mattoon; and 1920, '24, Thomas 

Alonzo Hilton G.A.R. Post /539, Jewett, Illinois 

The Jewett G.A.R. Post was named for Alonzo C. Hilton whose 
family had lived in Cumberland County since the 1840s. His 
biography was included in the Civil War and Cumberland County 
section of this history. The Jewett Post is the only Cumberland 
County post to name their post for a soldier actually killed during 
battle in the Civil War. 

The charter began October 2, 1883, with charter members: 
Alfred MuUer, William Lamaster, Samuel Hickman, James Berry, 
George H. Kensell, J. T. Soshow, Frank Clark, Austin Vermillian, 
Joseph Shoots, William E. Teets, William Matheney, John Hub- 
bard; and the charter officers were: William H. Harmon, post 
commander; Samuel Anderson, sr. vice commander; Cadwell B. 
Fry, jr. vice commander; John F. Neal, adjutant; James W. Booth, 
quartermaster; C. W. Toler, surgeon; S. A. Hendricks, chaplain; 
C. W. Oliver, officer of the day; 0. P. Jones, officer of the guard. 

They held their meetings every other Saturday in the district 
hall at Jewett. The last adjutant's report was sent in on December 
31, 1910, so it would seem the post was no longer in existence in 

Hall Wilson G.A.R. Post #424, Toledo, Illinois 

The Toledo G.A.R. Post was named for Col. Hall Wilson, born 
in 1831 at Fairfield, Illinois. He was a resident of Springfield, 
single and a lawyer when he enlisted in the Army, December 12, 
1861. He was a major at Camp Butler in Springfield when he was 
given command of the Fifth Cavalry, Illinois. Cumberland County 
men made up one of the companies of the 5th, and I assume this 
was the reason he was given the honor of having Toledo name 
their G.A.R. Post for him. He may have had "kin" in Toledo, 
however, I was not able to find him in any of the Cumberland 
County census records. 

The Toledo post began their charter in April 1884. Charter 
members were: John Dare, age 45, born in Illinois and lived in 
Bradbury; S. F. Hallett, age 45, born in Illinois and lived in 
Toledo; A. T. Brewer, age 47, born in Indiana and lived in Toledo; 
David Brewster, age 60, born in Kentucky; (all the rest lived in 
Toledo.) H. Stevens, age 49, born in Arkansas; J. T. Conners, age 

41, born in Indiana; M. Hurst, age 46, born in Indiana; Silas 
Holsapple, age not known, born in Indiana; George Adkins, age 

42, born in Indiana; W. R. Humphrey, age 56, born in Kentucky; 
William Logan, age 41, born in Indiana; William Ross, age 43, 
born in Illinois; Alexander Hughes, age 41, born in Ohio; Thomas 
Storm, age 42, born in Kentucky; B. F. Anderson, age 46, born in 
Indiana; A. J. Lee, age 54, born in Indiana; William Parks, age 
45, born in Illinois; A. Gaskill, no other information; I. Niccum, 
age 62, born in Ohio; J. J. Hastings, age 43, born in Ohio; 0. 

Lawrence, age 41, born in Indiana; J. C. Tomlinson, no other in- 
formation; J. N. Prince, age 44, born in Indiana; William Mer- 
riweather, age 43, born in Indiana; R. D. Ashwell, age 51, born in 
Ohio; I. J. Pugh, age 44, born in Ohio; John Rouch, age 61, born 

in Ohio; Adkins, age 47, born in Indiana; Lewis Curtner, age 

40, born in North Carolina; William Mathews, age 53, born in In- 
diana; John Greenwood, age 40, born in Illinois; and Joseph 
Everett, age 42, born in Indiana. 

Charter officers were: Alexander Hughes, post commander; 
William Logan, sr. vice commander; John T. Conners, jr. vice 
commander; Thomas R. Storm, adjutant; William R. Humphries, 
quartermaster; William Park, surgeon; Isaac Niccum, chaplain; R. 
D. Ashwell, officer of the day; Isaac Pugh, officer of the guard; 
Henry Stephens, quartermaster, sgt. The post meetings were 
listed as not organized at this time. The last adjutant's report was 
sent in 1922. That would indicate the post was no longer in ex- 
istence after 1922. 

Thomas A. Apperson G.A.R. Post #202, Neoga, Illinois 

The Neoga G.A.R. Post was named for Lt. Col. Thomas A. Ap- 
person. He was an officer in the Illinois Fifth Cavalry. He served 
under Col. Hall Wilson. In 1861 he was listed as 42 years old, a 
farmer, married, and born at Lebanon, Illinois. His residence was 
Centralia, Marion County, Illinois. He was discharged in 1865 at 
Springfield. Here again we would suppose they named the post 
after a commander or field leader. 

The charter was issued April 7, 1883. At some point, they had a 
change of mind about the name of their post as stated in a letter 
dated May 9, 1883, to the Chicago headquarters: Comrade, the 
names of our charter members are as follows: M. A. Ewing, S. F. 
Wilson, Philip Welshimer, Philip Everhart, James K. Brown, John 
B. McCormack, T. R. Hancock, William Burchfield, A. T. 
Welman, William L. Farr, Hugh C. Turner, Thomas Brant, 
William C. Singer, David Best, John W. Carr, John Wakefield, 
Peter L. Devore, George W. Albin, Hamlin Jones, Joseph 
Winston, James M. Simpson, H. V. Keys, J. N. Smith, John W. 
Stewart, A. C. Myers, William A. Russell, I. C. HoUoway, Thomas 
P. Hanks, Seth Kern, John Carruthers and Henry Ferris. 

We soon discovered our mistake in regard to the name of our 
post and now call it Neoga Post. Our regular meetings are held on 
Tuesday night following the full of the moon in each month. We 
are getting along nicely. Mustered four recruits last night and ex- 
pect to muster about 20 more before Memorial Day. Yours in 
Faith, Comradeship and Love, M. A. Ewing. 

A good guess would be that they had discovered another post 
was named for Lt. Col. Apperson, perhaps in his hometown. 
Whatever the case, it must have been forgotten in later years. The 
post lasted until 1932 and was referred to as the Thomas A. Ap- 
person Post #202. 

Also in reference to the letter, by September 1883, they had 55 
members in good standing. It was one of the largest posts in the 
county and it lasted longer. 

Charter officers were: Meitton A. Ewing, post commander; 
Josiah N. Smith, sr. vice commander; William Burchfield, jr. vice 
commander; George W. Albin, surgeon; James K. Brown, sergeant 
major; William Hamlin Jones, quartermaster; John B. McCor- 
mick, adjutant; Peter L. Devore, officer of the day; Henry C. 
Turner, chaplain; Alexander C. Myers, officer of the guard; and 
Seth Kearn, sergeant quartermaster. 

As mentioned before, the last report was sent in on August 29, 
1932, with five members in good standing. 



There is very little guessing to realize that the G.A.R. posts 
were the forerunners of our American Legion of today. In his book 
The Grand Army of the Republic, Ernest G. Wells tells us that 
when the veterans of World War I wanted to organize, they called 
on seven old Grand Army comrades to advise them in drawing the 
constitution and procedures of the American Legion. This was in 
1919, when all of them were well along in years. Even right up to 
this moment, the officers and more ritualistic work of veterans 
groups are unmistakably Grand Army in origin. 

As before them the veterans of World War I began to organize 
a military organization to honor their comrades in arms. And so 
the American Legion Post came into being. All of Cumberland 
County's American Legion posts were chartered after World War 
I with the exception of Hazel Dell, and it was chartered after 
World War IL 

Jim Dunn, commander, Greenup 
Legion, receiving award for the 
American Legion volunteer work at 
Danville Hospital. 

Vic Ormsby, Jim Dunn, Lesa Dunn and Pauline Kinser with Danville Veterans' 
Hospital adminstrator as they give a television to the hospital. 

Neoga American Legion: Votaw-Swank Post #458 

The post at Neoga was organized in January 1920 and the 
charter was issued in August of that year with George Soliday as 
the first commander. He resigned in June 1921, and Ellis Barr 
took his place. Some of the early commanders were: Max Young, 
1922; George Jacobsen, 1923; Lloyd Kraft, 1924-25; Carl O'Day, 
1926-27; Arthur Ellis, 1928-29; Leo Wente, 1933-34; Everett Ew- 
ing, 1935-36; Homer Her, 1937-38; and Otis Dollar, 1939-40. 

The post was named for the first two boys from Neoga to fall in 
a World War overseas, Corp. Ralph Swank and Corp. Howard 

Corp. Swank was born in Neoga August 3, 1897, the son of 
Charles P. and Emma Buchanan Swank. He was sent overseas 
with the first troops to go to France. He was reported as taking 
part where the fiercest battles were raging on the western front. 
He died on October 9, 1918, at the age of 21. According to a letter 
written to his family from a friend, "He died like a man and 
without any suffering; a German machine gun bullet struck him in 
the heart." 

Corp. Howard Russell "Red" Votaw was born in Lerna on 
August 12, 1891, the son of Lyman T. and Olive B. Votaw. He was 
raised in Neoga and graduated high school there. After three 
years at Park College, Missouri, he went to Chicago to work. He 
was engaged to Miss Florence Wood, yet postponed his wedding 
to enlist in the Marines. "It was just at dawn, a sniper's bullet hit 
him in the abdomen, he was carried to the rear and later to a 
French hospital where he died in the afternoon, October 3, 1918." 
He was buried in French soil until 1920. On July 22, 1920, his 
body was brought home and laid to rest under the auspices of the 
Neoga Post #458. Corp. Votaw was 27 years old and died six days 
before Corp. Swank. Mr. and Mrs. Votaw received a letter from 
Howard after he died and to the letter was added this notation: "I 
found this letter on your boy after he died and am sending it to 
you at once. He did not suffer much and everything was done to 
help him, as he was a very popular boy," Chaplain Doherty. 

Neoga lost 16 other soldiers in this war. The present officers of 
Post #458 are: Earl Poe, commander; Randy Rowe, sr. vice 
finance officer and historian; Gary Cameron, jr. vice; Jerry 
Hawcraft, adjutant; and Richard Barger, chaplain. 

The post has a fine record of service to the community which in- 
cludes annual Santa with Toys for Children, annual area boys sent 
to the State Legion Camp and funds for the Neoga Library. 

Toledo American Legion Wiley-Mumford Post #764 
The Toledo Post entered their charter in 1922 with 16 charter 
members, veterans of WWI, John "Jake" Yanaway, Ben C. 
Willis, Clinton Wiley, Owen Titus, W. Orlanda Stitt, Edgar Neal, 
Harry W. Huffman, Clarance Hall, Dave Glenn, Claude Fulfer, 
Millard Everhart, Calvin Darling, Halsey Clark, Garland Beau- 
mont, Chauncey H. Barcus and Golden B. Ashwill. 

The post was named for two Toledo boys who died in France 
during World War I. Pvt. Clarence Edward "Rusty" Wiley, son 
of Charles and Marie Wiley, was born January 16, 1898, in 
Toledo, Illinois. He attended the Toledo public schools and was a 
member of the Methodist Church. Five days after America 
entered the war, he enlisted in Co. A, 4th Illinois National Guard 
at Casey, Illinois, because he was too young for the Army and his 
parents refused their permission. While in the National Guard, he 
was called to Charleston, Illinois, on May 27, 1917, on cyclone du- 
ty and on July 20, 1917, he was sent to East St. Louis during the 
race riot. On July 25, 1917, all National Guard units were mobil- 
ized into the federal service. He was sent to Co. G, 28th Infantry, 
1st Div. This was where he did his hard fighting, the 1st Div. be- 
ing practically wiped out four times and being replaced with on- 
coming troops. On October 10, 1918, in the Argonne Forest, 
Clarence was killed. He was 20 years old. He was buried in France 
and for a time it seemed he would be listed among the unknown 
dead because his body could not be located. However, after much 
inquiry and investigation by his father, circuit clerk Charles 
Wiley, the body was located and returned home after three years 
(December 18, 1921). The funeral was under the auspices of the 
Greenup Post #566, assisted by ex-servicemen from Toledo. The 
Charleston and Casey Legion had made plans to be present but 
couldn't because of bad road conditions. 


Sgt. Wilson Flavins "Jerry" Mumford was born April 6, 1895, 
in Toledo, Illinois, the youngest son of Wilson D. and Almira 
Tossey Mumford. He entered the service October 5, 1917, and was 
promoted April 6, 1918, to sergeant for bravery and leadership in 
action. On October 9, 1918, in the great battle of the Meuse- 
Argonne sections at 6:00 a.m., Sgt. Mumford fell in battle, killed 
instantly by a shell explosion. He was looking for some of his miss- 
ing men when the shell struck him. Always faithful in the perfor- 
mance of his duties, Wilson held a splendid record as automatic 
rifle sergeant, holding high markmanship. 

His body was returned to Toledo September 16, 1922, and his 
funeral service was held at the Christian Church and conducted 
by Rev. Robert Hutchins, pastor of the Presbyterian Church. He 
was laid to rest at the Toledo Cemetery with military honors, 
under the auspices of the American Legion of Toledo, assisted by 
comrades from Neoga and Greenup, and their faithfulness to one 
who died for the cause for which they all fought was true and in- 

» • • • • 

Today's officers of Post #764 are Larry Groves, commander; 
Danny Hurt, service president; Delbert Kerner, jr. vice president; 
Marion Stewart, finance officer; Bill Sherwood, adjutant; Mike 
McElravy, chaplain. 

The Toledo Post #764 has used their monies to help their com- 
munity with many worthwhile projects and to support their 

The Greenup American Legion 
Nichols-Goleman-Boggs Post #566 

The Greenup Legion Post #566 was issued a charter on March 
18, 1920, with 14 members: W. W. Wyman, L. 0. McGinness, Earl 
Parker, James H. Bright, John M. McDonald, Ray W. Nichols, 
Thomas F. Gressel, Roy Edwards, David M. Glenn, Carl Bosworth, 
Clark Stewart, Owen Strain, M. T. Williams and M. E. Williams. 

The past commanders were 1920, unknown; 1921, M. T. 
Williams; 1922, Dave Glenn; 1923-24, unknown; 1925, Ray 
Nichols; 1926, Fred Neese; 1927, Earl Diller; 1928, Dr. Charles 
Goodman; 1929, John Milan; 1930, Chester Sedwick; 1931, Rufus 
Carrell; 1932, Elmer Cloud; 1933, Elwood Freeman; 1934, Edward 
Cutright; 1935, Rufus Carrell; 1936, Charles Smith; 1937, H. E. 
Freeman; 1938, Carl Bosworth; 1939, Fr. George Powell; 1940, 
Cole Winnett; 1941, Earl Diller; 1942, Clark Stewart; 1943-45, 
Rufus Carrell; 1946, Dave Glenn; 1948 and '53, Charles Good- 
man; 1950 and '52, Francis Oakley; 1951, William Stewart; 1954, 
Henry Carroll; 1955-1967, 1975-1978, Lowell Khun; 1956-57, '63, 
Lyndon Darling; 1958, Dan Sherrick; 1959, '61-62, D. D. Swim; 
1964, Golden Myers; 1965, Edwin L. Titus; 1966, Dave Carlin; 
1968, Ernest Henderson; 1981, Boodge Matteson; 1979, Russell 
"Tyke" Closer; 1980, Paul McCollough; 1982, Leland Starwalt; 
1983-84, Charles Ormsby; 1985-87, James Ryder; 1988-91, Charles 
Neal; and 1992, James Dunn. 

The Greenup Post lost their charter in 1968 for lack of members 
and it was through the efforts of Lowell Kuhn and Robert Mat- 
teson that they regained it in 1975. Today they have 200 members 
with Jim Dunn, commander; Jim Jones, sr. vice commander; John 
James, adjutant; Darrel Owens, finance officer; Charles Grey, 
chaplain; and Jim Sowers, sergeant-at-arms. 

Post #566 was named in memory of three Greenup boys that 
lost their lives in France during WWI. Pvt. Frederick Lucian 
Nichols, Co. L., 47th U.S. Infantry, 4th Div., was born one-half 
mile east of Greenup on January 12, 1893, the son of Roy and 
Rebecca J. Smith Nichols. He answered his country's call on Oc- 
tober 3, 1917, and received his training at Camp Taylor, Ken- 

tucky. On July 28, 1918, he went into action on the Chateau 
Theirry Offensive and was killed in action July 29, 1918. He was 

26 years old. His grandfather Joseph Nichols came to America 
from France and there is something touching and inspiring in the 
thought of this young soldier giving his life in the defense of the 
land of his forefathers, as well as his own. He was buried in the 
American Battle Area Cemetery at Sergy Aisne, France. On 
Wednesday, July 23, 1922, his body was returned home and laid 
to rest with full military honors. 

Private Miles Golden Goleman, affectionately called "Jake" by 
his many friends, son of John Franklin and Mary Goleman, was 
born July 12, 1891, at Greenup, Illinois. He entered the Army on 
May 28, 1918, and received his training at Camp Gordon, 
Georgia. He was a member of Co. B, 330th Infantry and was 
transferred to Co. L, 11th Infantry a short time before he was 
killed November 10, 1918, in the Argonne Offensive. He was 
buried at Louppy-Sur-Loisou-Meuse in France and his body was 
returned home October 3, 1921, with his comrade Orville Boggs. 
He and Pvt. Boggs were in the same company and died in the 
same battle. "Jake" worked for the Illinois Central Railroad ser- 
vice at Greenup for eight years before going to the Army. He was 

27 years old when he died. 

Corp. Orval J. Boggs, eldest son of Henry and Ella Boggs, was 
born in Jasper County, Illinois, on October 18, 1897. In 1912, he 
and his family moved to Greenup. On May 26, 1918, he entered 
the Army and received his training at Camp Gordon, Georgia. In 
August he was sent to France by way of England. He and Pvt. 
Coleman's Army careers are close to the same. Corp. Boggs was 
wounded November 9, 1918 (one day before Miles Goleman) and 
he died seven days later on November 16. He was buried in the 
Argonne American Cemetery and returned home at the same time 
as Goleman to one of the biggest military parades ever seen. 

His last letter was sent from Bordeaux, France, telling his fami- 
ly and friends not to worry, that Uncle Sam would bring him home 
safely and he was trying to make a brave soldier. 

Hazel Dell American Legion Glidewell-Yelton Post #1230 

The Hazel Dell Post #1230 organized their charter in the spring 
of 1953. John Glidewell remembers he and Roy Ragon drove the 
county roads, farm to farm, asking if they would like to have their 
own Legion Hall. They needed ten charter members to begin and 
they ended up with 12, Roy Ragon, Herman Devall, Max 
Hollensbe, Robert Thomas, Charles Laymon, Paul Huddlestun, 
John Glidewell, William Burnett and Don Lansbery. Charter of- 
ficers were Carl Ragon, commander; Orville Yelton, sr. vice; and 
Howard Hawker, jr. vice. 

They held their first meetings in the old Hazel Dell town hall 
building. Later, when all of the Cumberland County Schools con- 
solidated, the Hazel Dell School building became available and is 
used for Legion meetings and many other village functions. 

The post was named in honor of two Hazel Dell boys that were 
killed while overseas in battle, Kenneth W. Glidewell and Harold 
E. Yelton. 

Kenneth W. Glidewell, son of Walter and Cora Glidewell, 
joined the Army during World War II in 1942. He was killed in 
Italy on May 29, 1944. 

Harold E. Yelton, son of John and Ruby Leohr Yelton, was a 
Marine private and died in Korea on March 28, 1953. Both 
soldiers hold the honor of having their pictures and war 
memorabilia on display in the Legion Hall meeting room. 

Today's membership stands at 61 members in good standing. 
The officers are Clifford Laymon, commander; Dean Fasig, sr. 
vice; John Glidewell, jr. vice; Norman West, treasurer; Weldon 
Calvert, adjutant; Donald Shanks, chaplain; and William Black, 


The Hazel Dell Post takes pride in the fact that they have used 
their monies in giving to their community, such as the Town Hall 
Pavilion which is used for village events and picnics, and just this 
past Christmas, they gave the Ralph Hanners family a car because 
the family's old car had broken down beyond repair and he need- 
ed the means to get to the doctor and hospital. 

Post #1230 does not have an auxiliary, however, the Legion- 
naire's wives are a great support team. 


In our Cumberland History Book, 1968, the history of the 
V.F.W. Post #4598 is on pages 164-165. So this will be an update! 
One thing we might add, there is only one V.F.W. in all of 
Cumberland County; in fact, the post members today call 
themselves Cumberland County V.F.W. Post #4598. In updating 
the past commanders, we add: Bob McMechan, 1968-71; Frank 
Lewis, 1971-74; Paul McCullough, 1974-76; James "Mike" Ozier, 
1976-77; Byron Shields, 1977-78; Gene Carrell, 1978-79; Harold 
Lewis, 1979-80; Elwood Hawes, 1980-81; Charles Finney, 1982-84; 
Raymond Pearcy, 1984-85; Bill McElravy, 1985-86; Robert L. 
Brandenburg, 1986-87; Mike McElravy, 1987-89; Phillip Cutright, 
1989-90; and Phillip Green, 1990-92. 


The Cumberland County Veterans Association was chartered 
August 21, 1991, with charter officers: John Glidewell, chairper- 
son; Philip Sherwood, first vice chairperson; Leland Starwalt, sec- 
ond vice chairperson; John James, secretary; and Millard Kingery, 

The main reason this association was organized was to support 
veterans in Cumberland County that need transportation to the 
Danville Veterans Hospital. They have members from all four 
American Legion Posts in Cumberland County. Each of the five 
clubs, Greenup, Hazel Dell, Neoga and Toledo American Legions 
and the Cumberland County V.F.W., contributed $600 each and 
purchased a car. The association has 13 drivers that are certified 
with the state and with the Veterans Hospital Association to drive 
the needy veterans to the hospital. In the past six months, the 
drivers have made 147 trips to the Danville Veterans Hospital. 


Sons of Veterans of the American Legion organized in the sum- 
mer of 1991 with 70 members. The charter officers are Harvey E. 
Starwalt, commander; Dave Neal, sr. vice commander; Melvin Liv- 
ingston, jr. vice commander; Jim Shafer, adjutant; Fred Stierwalt, 
finance officer; Michael Ryder, chaplain; and Harvey Starwalt Jr., 


There are a few other organizations, some within the American 
Legions, such as the Forty and Eight, and in this case, the 
members are from all four American Legion posts in Cumberland 
County. There is a Korean Veterans Association, Vietnam 
Veterans Association (these are statewide) and there are the 
Patriots that give support to our nation's M.I.A.s (missing in ac- 
tion). In some old newspapers there is a reference to the Robert- 
son Camp #300, Sons of Civil War Veterans, so there is very little 
doubt the G.A.R. was the parent of other veterans organizations 
as well. 




The first auxiliary was in support of the G.A.R. and is called 
"The Women's Relief Corps." It was and is a strong organization 
nationwide and they still do a lot of good work. From some of the 
convention records, on May 14-16, 1901, it would seem that 
Cumberland County had active "Tents" (as they were called): 
There was a delegate from Neoga Tent #211, Mrs. P. A. Kemery, 
and in 1903, Mrs. Maud Lacey. Also, there was a delegate from 
the Toledo Tent #254, Mrs. Clara Moore. The records are not 
complete and so it's unknown if the other towns in the county had 
tents. Since they. Hazel Dell, Jewett and Greenup, had G.A.R. 
posts, it is certain they did; perhaps they did not send delegates to 
the conventions. 

The National Woman's Relief Corps have established a perma- 
nent headquarters and museum as a living memorial to the Grand 
Army of the Republic who were the Civil War veterans. Therefore, 
much of the thuseum display is Civil War oriented. The National 
Woman's Relief Corps still owns and maintains the musuem 
which is located in Springfield at 627 South 7th Street. There was 
also a Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War. 

Today's auxiliaries were usually chartered not long after the 
American Legion Post was organized and used solely as a support 
group. Their concern has always been their veterans first and 
community second. 

Some of the Auxiliary members are pictured here as they presented the Legion 
with a wheelchair and three pairs of crutches and a check for $100 for the baseball 

Front: Shirley Easton and Madclyn Kuhn. Back: Don Malleson, Florence 
Highfill, Dorothy Hannah, Goldie Henderson, Jane Jones and Myrtle Ormsby. 


Post #458 Ladies Auxiliary was organized in 1948 with Mrs. 
Francis Kritz as president. The group has grown from 37 
members to 124. Today's officers are Mrs. Terri Latch, president; 
Mrs. Mary Ann Irwin, vice president; Mrs. Donna Lawrence, 
secretary; Mrs. Charles McKinney, treasurer; Mrs. Bobbie 
Watkins, chaplain; Mrs. Rowenia Finley, historian; and Mrs. 
Ralph Schafer, sergeant-at-arms. 


Post #764 Ladies Auxiliary was organized with charter officers: 
Helen Freyburger, president; Elizabeth Greeson, secretary; 
Marinda Furry, treasurer. 


The charter members were Almira Mumford, Thursa Lyons, 
Louise Bradshaw, Jennie Bradshaw, Marjorie Burker, Lucille 
Grissom, Lorena Strader, Edith Glenn, Ruth Stoele, Myrna Green, 
Lea Underwood, Cecile Drakeford, Gertrude Yanaway, Madge 
Willis, Hattie Ashwill, Winniferd Ashwill, Opal Fulfer, Edna Bar- 
cus, Fern Roberts, Grace Darling, Violet McCandish and Lora 
Ann Neal. 

Officers of the Toledo Auxiliary are Linda Groves, president; 
Sue Walker, vice president; Sharon Mills, secretary; Elenore Eg- 
gers, treasurer; Patty Yaw, chaplain; Violet Stewart, sergeant-at- 
arms; and Helen Scott, historian. 

The Toledo Auxiliary is proud of their color guard; they have 
marched for the last 20 years in all parades in which the American 
Legion has participated. They have also had bingo for 18 years to 
raise money for their various charities which include the 
Cumberland school system, Danville's Veterans Hospital and the 
veterans themselves, and all community needs that come to their 
attention. The Legion has a very nice kitchen, and the Auxiliary 
ladies make dinners at holidays and for Legionnaires special func- 


Past presidents of the Greenup Auxiliary from the year 1975 are 
Madelyn Kuhn, 1975-76; Dorothy Hannah, 1977; Florence 
Highfill, 1978; Goldie Henderson, 1979-80; Linda Tincher, 1981; 
Sharon Smith, 1982; Pauline Kinser, 1983; Madelyn Ryder, 
1984-85; Irma Marshall, 1986; Terry Livingston, 1987; Jane Jones, 
1988; Cindy McCuUough, 1989; Myrtle Ormsby, 1990; and Lorane 
Neal, 1991. 

Present officers are Betty Bowman, president; Beverly Byrnes, 
secretary and sr. vice president; Madelyn Ryder, jr. vice presi- 
dent; Carolyn Bland, treasurer; Marlene Livingston, sergeant-at- 
arms; and Jane Jones, chaplain. 

The Greenup Auxiliary sponsors all school activities and Camp 
New Hope. They make regular trips to the Danville Veterans 
Hospital with "goodies" and gifts for the veterans. They also 
sponsor an afternoon of bingo with prizes and refreshements for 
the veterans, and sometimes a bowling game session. They have 
purchased a wheelchair and three pairs of crutches for the Legion 
to loan. This auxiliary also marches in parades with their Legion- 
naires as color guards and makes meals for meetings and 


The V.F.W. Auxiliary's history is on pages 161-62 of the 1968 
Cumberland County History Book. This will be an update of past 
presidents since 1968: Mary Jane Rogers, 1969; Chailene Flood, 
1970; Helen Van Sycoc, 1971; Leona Dryden, 1972; Sandra Car- 
son, 1973; Marion Beaumont, 1974; Charlene Flood, 1975; Doris 
Alshire, 1976-77; Elizabeth Ozier, 1978; Rosemary Brandenburg, 
1979; Pauline Kinser, 1980; Deanne Winnett, 1981, 1987-88; 
Catherine Lewis, 1982; Julianne Wylde, 1983-86; Bonnie 
Brandenburg, 1984-85; Kay Monroe, 1989-90; and Susan 
Cutright, 1991-92. 

All of Cumberland County's auxiliaries are an integral part of 
their community's support system, and they do this with open 
hearts and hands. 




In the summer of 1927, five Cumberland County boys were 
sponsored by the Toledo American Legion Post #764 to attend 
Citizens Military Training Camp. Over 1,300 young men from Il- 
linois lived in a tented city for 30 days and received typical 
military training. They were issued uniforms and paid a month's 

The young men from Cumberland County were Donald Cutts, 
Leland Smith, Harold Walker, Hamp Rodgers and Abner Scott. 
At the month's end, they had graduation ceremonies attended by 
their parents and family. Leland Smith decided to make the Army 
his career and went on to become a high-ranking officer before 

Submitted by Jacqueline S. Carver 


Cumberland County World War I veterans were honored at 
Greenup's 150th, sesquicentennial, Thursday, May 24, 1984. One 
of these veterans, Wayne Malcom Moses, stole the show! Pvt. 
Moses, at age 87, wore his uniform and full military gear. 
Throughout the day, he posed for pictures and talked about his 
military hitch. He had his discharge and a list of the World War 
veterans in his pocket. Pvt. Moses was born and raised in 
Cumberland County and has since died (March 11, 1990). He 
donated his uniform to the Toledo American Legion where it is on 


If we have omitted anyone's name in the proper place it should 
have been, it was certainly not intentional. We have tried to base 
this history on fact as we know it, from articles and personal ac- 
counts, and to everyone who gave of their time, we thank you. 
Lastly, this is dedicated to all of our county veterans who have 
served in our country's armed forces, either at home or overseas. 

Submitted by Jacqueline S. Carver 




Hazel Haskett Addison was born in Cumberland County on the 
farm of her parents, Merrill Haskett and Grace Miller Haskett. 
She graduated from Toledo High School, Eastern Illinois Univer- 
sity, Charleston, received her doctor's degree from New York 
University and master's degree from Columbia. She taught home 
economics in several high schools in Illinois and served as super- 
visor of State Department of Public Instruction in Springfield, Il- 
linois, before moving to New York in 1947. 

Hazel married Phillip Addison in Toledo, Illinois, and they 
have two children, Lennie and Linda. She retired from her 
teaching position at Hunter College City University of New York. 
She and her family lived on the east coast for many years and in 
the Closter, New Jersey, area. 

Hazel died October 13, 1988, and is buried in Tappan 
Cemetery, Tappan, New Jersey. The Haskett homestead stood un- 
til 1989 when it was taken down after generations of the family 
had lived there. 

Hazel's mother, Grace, was a homemaker and her father, Mer- 
rill, taught schools in Cumberland and Cole counties plus farmed 
the 120 acres which they purchased from Grace's parents, Owen 
Miller, who had farmed the land after he bought it from his 
father, Francis Miller. Francis Miller and his wife are both buried 
in Drummond Cemetery, Toledo, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Owen 
Miller and Mr. and Mrs. Merrill Haskett are buried in Toledo 
Cemetery, Toledo, Illinois. 

Submitted by Mary Ruth McKinney 


On September 10, 1923, Noah and Josie Sherrick's last child, 
Bette Juanita, was born. She graduated from Hickory School 
south of Greenup in 1936, from Greenup High School in 1940, 
and from Eastern Illinois University with a home economics major 
and physical education minor in 1944. 

She married Robert Earl Albers from Charleston, Illinois, on 
March 3, 1944. At that time. Bob was serving a hitch in the U. S. 
Navy. Subsequently, he became an air traffic controller and the 
family lived in Bunker Hill, Indiana; Smithville, Missouri; St. 
Charles, Missouri; Wake Island; and Kaneohe, Hawaii. 

In 1974 Bob retired from air traffic controlling and the couple 
moved to Brownsville, Texas, where they still live. They usually 
spend part of the summer in Greenup where they are building a 
small country home around a bend in the road from Noah and 
Josie's home place. 

Bob and Bette have four daughters. Margery Ann was born 
February 19, 1944, in Charleston, Illinois. She married Don Kelly 
on May 18, 1969. They had two daughters. The first was 
Katharine Briar, born August 3, 1972, in Bend Oregon. The sec- 

ond was Amanda Bain, born August 2, 1974, also in Bend, 
Oregon, where they live. Bob and Bette's second daughter, 
Juanita Jane, was born in Smithville, Missouri, on January 4, 
1947. She married James Steiger on August 17, 1969. The couple 
had two daughters. The first, Andree Rebecca, was born on 
November 7, 1972, in Norman, Oklahoma. The second, Roberta 
Ann, was born October 3, 1976, in Richmond, British Columbia. 
This is where the family now lives. Bob and Bette's third 
daughter, Rebecca Josephine, was born in Smithville, Missouri, 
on March 2, 1948. She married Tex Darling on August 16, 1974, 
in Villa Grove, Illinois. They and their son, Joshua Daniel, born in 
Great Falls, Montana, now live south of Greenup. Bob and Bette's 
fourth daughter, Roberta Elaine, was born on December 2, 1950, 
in St. Charles, Missouri. She now lives in Stockton, California. 


Carl Allen Fredirick Albert was born November 12, 1950, in 
Cumberland County, Illinois, on the farm owned by his great- 
uncle Jack Charles Ray Albert. 

Carl's paternal great-grandparents were Charles John Albert, 
born April 21, 1883, and Ora Ellen (Sheperd) Albert, born October 
6, 1883. They are the parents of four children: Elmer, Bertha Myr- 
tle (Cottle), Jack and Hazel, who died in infancy. 

His paternal grandparents are Elmer, born April 2, 1905, and 
Edna Pearl (Cummings) Albert, born March 7, 1906, in 
Cumberland County at Jewett, Illinois. Elmer and Edna were mar- 
ried September 6, 1924, and moved to the family home place in 
Jasper County near Hidalgo. They were farmers most of their lives 
and are the parents of six sons and one daughter. Elmer died 
February 12, 1974, and is buried in the Hays Cemetery. 

Carl's father, Edgar, one of the six sons of Elmer and Edna, was 

Mildred (Carter), Edna Pearl (Cummings), Kenneth, Edgar, Jim L. and Fred 
Albert. This photograph was taken October 9, 1983, after the memorial services 
for their brother, John Albert. Their brother, Elmer, is not shown here. 


born November 4, 1925, in Jasper County. He married Dorothy 
Marie Tiemann, March 16, 1947, in Joliet, Illinois. Dorothy was 
born December 3, 1928, in Kewanee, Illinois, to Herman 
Theodore Tiemann, born September 22, 1874, in Mulhiem Ruhr, 
Germany, and Marie Christina (Hansen) Tiemann, born March 
12, 1907, in Kewanee, Illinois. Herman and Marie were married 
September 22, 1925. He died December 22, 1952. 

After their marriage, Edgar and Dorothy lived in Joliet for 
three years, then moved to Cumberland County on November 20, 
1950, the day before Carl was born. They lived here for four years 
before moving back to Joliet where they stayed for 23 years. In 
1977 they moved back to the Greenup area where they now reside. 
They are the parents of four sons, Daniel Ray Herman, Carl, 
David Andrew and William Lee Ernest. 

Carl married Cheryle Lewis and they were the parents of two 
children, Christopher Allen, March 3, 1972, and Cynthia Ann, 
December 28, 1973. The marriage ended in divorce, and Carl 
married the second time to Donna Ann Fowler. 

Their son Charles Allen was born September 21, 1978. This 
marriage, too, ended with divorce, and in November 1987 Carl, 
with his son Charles, moved south of Woodbury and with the help 
of his father and brothers built a log home where he now resides. 

Submitted by Dorothy Albert 


David Andrew Albert was born July 27, 1952, a son of Edgar 
and Dorothy Marie (Tiemann) Albert. He was born on his great- 
uncle Charles Ray Albert's farm on the Cumberland County line. 
David has three brothers: Daniel Ray Herman Albert, June 28, 
1949; Carl Allen Frederick Albert, November 21, 1950; and 
William Lee Ernest Albert, October 19, 1953. 

The family moved to Joliet, Illinois, in 1954, where David's 
father, Edgar, worked at the federal penitentiary until they moved 
back to Jasper County. 

David married Deborah Jean (Stonehouse/O'Meara) on 
February 27, 1976. They and Deborah's daughter Tamara Lynn 
lived in Greenup for a year, then moved to Neoga, and, while liv- 
ing there, their son Jeremy David Albert was born June 1, 1979. 
Due to complications at birth, Jeremy had to be flown by 
helicopter to Springfield where he was kept in the hospital until 
June 15, 1979. 

They started building a new home on land owned by David's 
grandfather Elmer Albert near Pioneer School in 1982 and with 
the help of David's brothers they were able to move into it in 

Marie (Hansen) Tiemann, Edna Pearl (Cummings) Albert, Dorothy (Tiemann) 
Albert, Barbara Joyce (Combosi) Albert, William Lee, Edgar, Daniel Ray, David 
Andrew and Carl Allen Albert. 


David's father, Edgar, was born November 4, 1926, to Elmer 
and Pearl (Cummings) Albert, and his mother, Dorothy Marie 
(Tiemann) Albert, was born December 3, 1928, to Herman and 
Marie Tiemann who lived in Joliet. 

Submitted by Dorothy Albert 


Edgar Albert, November 4, 1925, was born on the family farm 
in Hidalgo, Illinois, Jasper County. Father Elmer Lorence Albert, 
April 2, 1905, born on the family farm Hidalgo, Illinois, Jasper 
County. Mother Edna Pearl Cummings Albert born March 7, 
1907, Jewett, Illinois. Brother of Edgar Chester, Kenneth, James 
Lee and Fred I. Sister Mildred Albert Carter. 

Parent date of marriage September 6, 1924, Newton, Illinois, 
Jasper County. 

Wife's name Dorothy Marie Tiemann born December 3, 1928, 
in Kewanee, Illinois, Henry County. Father's name Herman 
Theodor Tiemann born December 14, 1898, in Muhliem Saarn 
Germany. Came to U.S.A. November 1923. Mother's name Marie 
Christina Hansen Tiemann born March 12, 1907, Kewanee, Il- 
linois, Henry County. Sister Alma Jurgensen. Brothers Carl, Hans 
Peter, Walter Ernest Hansen. Marie and Herman were married 
September 22, 1925, Kewanee, Illinois, Henry County. Dorothy 
and Edgar were married March 16, 1947, St. Peters L. Church, 
Joliet, Illinois. Children's names Daniel Ray Herman, June 28, 
1949, Carl Allen Fredirick, November 21, 1950, David Andrew, 
July 27, 1952, William Lee Ernest Albert, October 19, 1953. 

Edgar and Dorothy live three miles west of Hidalgo, Illinois, 
Jasper County, on the family farm since 1958. Jacob and Kisiah 

Edgar military service 286th Engineer Combat Battalion. 
Enlisted January 18, 1944, age 19, truck driver private first class 
engr. Epernay, France, auto mechanic, January 1945, overseas 
one year, six months, 15 days. Departure October 22, 1944, arrival 
November 2, 1944 to U.S.A. April 26, 1946, arrival May 6, 1946, 
Camp McCoy, Wisconsin May 11, 1946, was in Rhineland. Central 
Europe Occupation Medal, Germany Good Conduct Medal, 45 
European Medal, three overseas bars. 

Moved to Joliet, Illinois, November 3, 1954, back to Greenup, 
Illinois, May 23, 1977, moved to Hidalgo, Illinois, November 1, 
1982. Edgar worked at Statervella Prison then on to Joliet Correc- 
tional Center, Lt. Edgar Albert 


Edna Pearl Albert moved to North Mill Street in Greenup, Il- 
linois, in 1975. Her late husband, Elmer, had purchased the prop- 
erty and built a home there for their retirement. 

Elmer had purchased a two-room barber shop (owned by Bud 
Ware) which he moved to the Mill Street property where he added 
three rooms and a full basement. Elmer passed away February 12, 
1974, and never lived in the Greenup home. 

Elmer Lawrence Albert, son of John Charles and Ora Shepard 
Albert, was born April 2, 1905. He married Edna Pearl Cummings 
September 6, 1924. She was born March 7, 1906. They had six 

Edgar was born November 4, 1925; married Dorothy Marie 
Tiemann March 16, 1947. She was born December 3, 1928. They 
had four sons. 

Chester was born February 12, 1928; married Olive Lee Seets 
October 17, 1952. She was born August 31, 1935. They had two 
sons and three daughters. 

Mildred was born January 1, 1930; married John Meade Carter 
November 23, 1948. He was born March 11, 1922. They had four 
sons and three daughters. 

Kenneth was born January 25, 1932; married Ruth Lenore 
Groves August 7, 1951. She was born November 22, 1935. They 
had one son and two daughters. 

James was born June 1, 1936; married Clara Mae Teets 
December 31, 1955. She was born February 19, 1938. They had 
two sons and one daughter. 

Fred was born September 24, 1939; married Mary Kathleen 
Senior Herrmann August 7, 1986. She was born May 6, 1951. 
They had one daughter and Kathleen had one son and two 
daughters from a previous marriage. 

Elmer and Pearl had lived their entire married life on a farm 
situated about three miles west of Hidalgo, Illinois. The farm was 
a portion of the "old homeplace" which had been in the Albert 
family since the mid-1830s. Elmer had spent his entire life there 
and was raised only a few hundred yards away at his father's farm. 

Their farm home overlooked the bottoms of the Confluence of 
the Embarass River and Range Creek. Being a "general" farmer, 

they raised the usual assortment of hogs, milking cows, beef cat- 
tle, and chickens. Along with the staples of corn, soybeans, wheat 
and hay, the crops also included popcorn and sorghum for 
molasses. There was the customary vegetable garden with pear, 
peach, apple, and persimmon fruit trees. Hazel bushes, hickory 
and walnut trees provided nuts. 

The road the Alberts lived on was called Walnut-Tree Road 
after a walnut tree which stood in the middle of the would-be 
straight road. People naturally had to go around the tree whether 
on foot, horseback, buggy or wagon, and in the late 1800s the 
county road supervisor told Mr. Albert, "The tree must come 
down." Mr. Albert's reply was, "Not as long as I live!" The tree 
was still standing in 1912. 

During the early '50s, Elmer Albert began assembling a small 
saw mill. Some parts were bought (used of course), some were 
modified factory parts, and many were fabricated by Elmer who 
was somewhat of an amateur blacksmith/machinist. The mill was 
up and running by the mid-50s with people from surrounding 
areas bringing in native timber to be sawed into lumber. Most of 
the native lumber was used to build farm pens, gates, and farm 
out-buildings. However, some used the lumber in self-built homes, 
Zeke Haley, Oral Ray Bowers, and Max Markwell to name a few. 
The mill is still operated at that same location by a son, Kenneth, 
who owns a portion of the original farm. 

Part of the original farm, now owned by Edgar Albert, has a 
small cemetery on it. Among the half-dozen or so graves are those 
of Jacob and Kisiah Albert who were the first known to live there. 
Records show Jacob married Kisiah February 18, 1830, and had 
six children. Jacob died in May of 1861. 


James Albert was born June 1, 1936, in Hidalgo, Jasper County, 
Illinois, a son of Elmer L. Albert (born April 2, 1905, Jasper 
County, Illinois, died February 12, 1974, with burial at Hays) and 
Edna Pearl (Cummings) Albert (born March 7, 1906, Jewett, 
Cumberland County, Illinois). Elmer and Edna were married 
September 6, 1924, in Newton, Illinois. Besides James, they are 
the parents of Edgar, November 4, 1925; Chester, February 12, 
1928; Mildred (Carter), January 1, 1930; Kenneth, January 25, 
1932; James (above); and Fred, September 24, 1939. 

Clara May Teets was born February 19, 1938, in Cumberland 
County, Illinois, a daughter of Chester Sherman (Joe) Teets (born 
March 27, 1904, in Cumberland County) and Nellie C. Jennings 
Sides Teets (born July 1, 1911, in Farmington, Missouri, and died 
January 11, 1990, with burial in the Jewett Cemetery). Joe and 
Nell were married August 14, 1930, in Farmington, Missouri, and 
are the parents of David Rufus, November 21, 1931; Marjorie Lee 
(Carani), February 22, 1933; Patricia Louise (Klingler), January 

28, 1935; Aha Nell (Hess), April 15, 1940; Robert Joe, February 
19, 1942; William Marvin, January 31, 1943; Jonell June (Bell), Ju- 
ly 4, 1945; Ruby Esther (Rankin), March 9, 1947; John Dale, 
March 24, 1949, and our subject, Clara May. 

Jim and Clara were married December 1, 1955, and are the 
parents of James Dean, born December 19, 1956; Cathy Jo, born 
May 16, 1961, and John Eric, born September 1, 1966, and died 
October 5, 1983. The family has lived in Areola, Illinois, before 
moving to Lapeer, Michigan, where they now reside. 

Submitted by James Albert 


The earliest record of the Albin family to my knowledge begins 
with Joseph Albin, born in 1794, a native of Kentucky, who 
emigrated to Lawrence County, Indiana. He had 15 children, 
three of whom he had with Eliza Marsh, from Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. Their children were Jane, William, and George. George 
was the first Albin native of Cumberland County. He was a doctor 
and a Presbyterian. 

After the death of Eliza, Joseph married Rosanah Sheeks, with 
whom he had 12 children. One of these born in 1849 was James M. 
Albin, this writer's great-grandfather. He moved to Cumberland 
County from Greencastle, Indiana, buying Dr. George's first 
residence four miles east of Neoga on what is known as Albin cor- 

James M. Albin married Joan Goddard from Virginia and had 
four children: Joseph, Charles, Florance, and Eugene. He farmed 
all his life, was a very religious person and was a member of the 
Long Point Methodist Church. It is said he had Bible readings 
every night and his blessings at meal time, according to Frank 
Bassett, a grandson, should have been in the Guiness book of 

James M. Albin's oldest child, Joseph Lozier, was a farmer and 
a Methodist minister, whose house still stands east of Albin cor- 
ner. He was a circuit preacher and this writer has the saddle he 
used in his circuit preaching. He married Margaret Hart, part In- 
dian, in 1887 with whom was born James Stanley Albin, my father, 
and Paul Dewitt who died in infancy. When "Maggie" died, he 
then married Rilla Rhodes of whom was born Verna. When Rilla 
died he married Lulu Stout from White Hall, Illinois. Both finish- 
ed their lives in Neoga, Illinois. 

James Stanley Albin was born in 1889. He was a member of the 
Methodist church and a farmer. He married Florance Royer with 
whom he had eight children. They were Glenn Samuel, Hazel, 
Helen, Margaret, Joseph, Theodore, Eugene, and. Charles. The 
first three are deceased. 

James Stanley Albin Family - James Stanley, Florence (Royer) Glenn, Helen, 
Margaret, Joe, Theodore, Eugene and Charles. 


Glenn Samuel, born in 1910, married Delores Stuckey of Mat- 
toon, Illinois. They had five children: Glenn Stanley, Richard, 
Joseph, Glenda, and Dennis. Glenn Samuel was a lay minister in 
the Methodist church. 

Hazel, Helen's twin sister, died in infancy. 

Helen, born in 1912, married Henry Parker, had two children, 
James and Julia. They lived on Neoga area farms. All are de- 
* ceased except Julia, her children and James' children. 

Margaret Albin was born in 1913. She married Joe Janes and 
later married James Fetzer in New Yo''k City. There were no 
children. Joe and James are deceased and Margaret lives with her 
brother Eugene in Florida. 

Joseph Stanley was born in 1916 and is now retired from the 
Navy. He resides in El Cajon, California. He married Edna 
Thacker. They adopted one child, Kathryn Marie, in 1953. 

Theodore Albin, born in 1918, married Agnes Haskenhern. 
They had no children. After her death he married Sally Meeker. 
They now reside in Strasburg, Illinois. 

Eugene James was born in 1921. He married Mildred Gammill 
and they had three children: Peggy, Gregory, and Blaine. He later 
married Sue Colman and had three children: Dwight, Corlis, and 
Lisa. He was a Neoga area farmer until moving to Florida. 

Lastly, this writer, Charles Dewitt Albin, was born in 1923, mar- 
ried Marjorie Coen. We had one son by birth, Roger, and one son 
by adoption, John. Roger married Jean Parker and had one son. 
Brad. Roger later married Rebecca Hudson and now lives in 
Dallas, Texas. He is employed as a hospital management consul- 
tant. John married Darlene Moffit. They had one son, Gregory. 
They live in Neoga and John works for United Parcel. 

This writer is also a lay minister, has pastored the last ten years 
in Neoga Baptist Church, and has had a religious radio broadcast 
for the past 20 years. I was also a farmer, later a union carpenter, 

For the rest of the history of the Albin family, I leave to Glenn 
Stanley Albin, my nephew, to include elsewhere in this book. 

Submitted by Charles Dewitt Albin 


Stanley was born July 13, 1935. He and his wife, Janet, reside 
four miles east of Neoga at the "home farm" acquired February 
6, 1865, according to land abstracts, by his great-great- 
grandfather, James Madison Albin (July 26, 1841 - February 22, 
1931). The farm has also been the residence of great-grandfather 
Joseph Lozier Albin (December 4, 1863 - May 5, 1948), grand- 
father James Stanley Albin (January 27, 1889 - January 14, 1963) 
(see page 214, 7968 Cumberland County Illinois) and father and 
mother, Glenn Samuel (November 15, 1910 - January 28, 1968) 
and Delores (Stuckey) Albin (December 16, 1915 - October 13, 
1978). All above ancestors are interred at Long Point Cemetery 
southeast of Neoga. 

Stanley is a great-great-great-grandson of Joseph Albin 
(February 18, 1794 - July 24, 1863) who was a native of Kentucky 
and emigrated to Indiana in 1816. (Joseph was a soldier in the 
War of 1812.) Two of Joseph's sons, George W. (December 17, 
1822 - October 1, 1890) and James Madison emigrated to 
Cumberland County. 

Dr. George W. Albin settled four miles east of Neoga in 1853. 
He then moved to Neoga in 1856 and erected the first dwelling at 
what is now 738 Walnut. (See pages 219 and 322, Counties of 
Cumberland, Jasper, and Richland, Illinois.) Dr. G. W. Albin was 
commissioned first assistant surgeon in the 143rd Illinois Infantry 
in 1864 in the War between the States. (See "The Albins History 
and Genealogy" compiled by Frank Albin Bassett.) 

James Madison Albin moved in a covered wagon with his wife 
Mary Joan Goddard (September 19, 1842 - February 18, 1924) and 


sons Joseph Lozier and Charles N. to Cumberland County and 
resided in a log cabin four miles east of Neoga which had been the 
former residence of Dr. G. W. Albin. In 1871 James replaced the 
log cabin with a frame house which was the birthplace for two 
more children— Florence (1871) and Eugene (1874). James farmed 
all his life and was a very active member of Long Point Church. 
For almost 50 years he served as a crop reporter for the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture. The "Albin Bridge" east of Neoga 
was named in his honor. His youngest son, Eugene (June 2, 1874 
-May 21, 1913) farmed until his untimely death when his corn 
planter check wire was struck by a lightening bolt while planting 
corn just east of their home. His middle son, Charles, farmed and 
raised his family four miles north at the Route 121 and Route 45 
junction. His eldest son, Joseph Lozier, Stanley's great- 
grandfather, was a farmer, handyman, and Methodist circuit 
minister. Stanley has his account book recording a "single tree 
$1.75," "neck yoke 83.50." "wagon wheel repair 81.00," "wagon 
tongue 83.00." Joseph built a house on part of the family farm. 
He married Margaret Hart, part Blackfoot Indian, in 1887. 

James Stanley Albin, Stanley's grandfather, and Joseph 
Lozier's eldest son, was a lifelong resident farmer of Cumberland 
County. (See the Charles Dewitt Albin account elsewhere in this 
book ■ youngest child of James Stanley.) 

Glenn Samuel Albin, Stanley's father and James Stanley's 
eldest son, was born and raised in Cumberland County. He was an 
auditor for the Internal Revenue Service, manager of a Mattoon 
wholesale business, sales representative for a Decatur firm, part- 
time farmer and part-time tax consultant. He was active in school 
affairs having been instrumental in the creation of Pioneer con- 
solidated school, serving on the Neoga Board of Education, and 
on the Lake Land College Lay Advisory Council. Glenn acquired 
the family farm from his Grandfather Joe in 1944 and resided 
there until his passing in 1968. 

Glenn Stanley Albin Family 

Front row: Courtney Leigh Albin (granddaughter) and Candace LeAnn Albin 

Second row: Janet R. (Short) and Glenn Stanley Albin. 

Back row: Joan E. Albin, Deano Swearingen (fiance), William G. and Connie 
(Hatten) Albin. 

Glenn Stanley Albin, eldest son of Glenn Samuel has three 
brothers and one sister; Richard L. Albin (February 7, 1937) living 
at the southeast corner of the home farm, Joseph H. Albin 
(December 26, 1942) living on the home farm, Glenda Sue Zimmer 
(June 24, 1945), Bethany, Illinois, and Dennis R. Albin (February 
17, 1950), Decatur, Illinois. 

Stanley attended the one-room Buck Branch School until it was 
consolidated into Pioneer School. He graduated from Neoga High 
School in 1953 and attended the University of Illinois and then 

Eastern Illinois University where he received B.S. and M.S. 

He married Janet Ruth Short August 5, 1957. Janet, a daughter 
of William Votaw and Helen J. (Ponder) Short of Neoga, was born 
February 23, 1940. She attended Neoga schools and Eastern Il- 
linois University where she received a B.S. degree in 1965 and has 
since taught physical education at Cumberland High School. 
Janet is an organist at the Grace United Methodist Church in 
Neoga where she and Stanley are members. 

Stanley and Janet have two children: Joan Elaine (March 15, 
1958), and William Glenn (April 18, I960). Joannie currently 
resides in Mattoon, Illinois, where she is employed as a computer 
operator. Bill lives three miles north of Neoga and is engaged in 
farming. Bill is married (June 27, 1986) to Connie (Hatten), 
daughter of Frank Elmer and Doris (Bishop) Hatten of Villa 
Grove, formerly of Neoga. Bill and Connie have two chidlren: 
Courtney Leigh (April 8, 1988), and Candace LeAnn (May 29, 
1991). Connie is a teacher-aid at E.I.A.S.E. in Mattoon, Illinois. 

After graduating from Eastern Illinois University in 1958, 
Stanley began teaching business education at Cumberland High 
School and is currently a counselor at Neoga High School. He has 
also been a self-employed tax accountant since 1958 and has been 
involved with farming the family farm which he acquired from his 
mother in 1968. 

Submitted by G. Stanley Albin 


Albin Family Group Picture Taken September 1912 

Front row: Frank Albin Bassett, son of C. L. and Florence R. Bassett; Carroll 
Clinton Bassett, son of C. L. and Florence R. Bassett; Dorothy Christine Albin, 
daughter of Charles Neander and Nettie Albin; Arthur DeWitt Albin, son of 
Eugene Cooper and Ethel (Brewer) Albin; Marguerite Irene Albin, daughter of 
Eugene Cooper and Ethel (Brewer) Albin. 

Middle row (children): Charlwood Basset (on his mother's lap); Suma Helen 
Albin (in front of Joseph L. Albin), daughter of Eugene and Ethel Albin; Helen 
Lucille Albin (on grandma's lap), daughter of Stanley and Florence Albin; Mary 
Elizabeth Bassett (in front of grandpa), daughter of C. L. and Florence Bassett; 
Charles Earl Albin (son of Charles N. and Nettie Albin) in front of his father; 
Eugene Vernon Albin (son of Eugene and Ethel Albin), standing in front of his 
father; Florence Ethel Albin (daughter of Eugene and Ethel Albin) silting on her 
father's lap. 

Middle row (adults): Florence (Albin) Bassett, wife of C. L. Bassett; Joseph 
Lozier Albin, son of James M. Albin and Mary Joan (Goddard) Albin; Mary Joan 
(Goddard) Albin, wife of James M. Albin; James Madison Albin. husband of Mary 
Joan Albin; Charles Neander Albin, son of James M. and Mary Joan Albin; Eugene 
Cooper Albin, son of James M. and Mary Joan Albin. ■> 

Back row: Verna Albin, daughter of Joseph Lozier and Rilla Albin; C. L. Bassett, 
husband of Florence (Albin) Bassett; Florence Albin, wife of Stanley Albin; Glen 
Samuel Albin, son of Stanley and Florence Albin; James Stanley Albin, son of 
Joseph Lozier and Margaret (Hart) Albin; Nettie (Dove) Albin, wife of Charles 
Neander Albin; Ethel (Brewer) Albin, wife of Eugene Cooper Albin. 


Joseph Henry Albin, third son of Glenn Samuel and Dolores 
Stuckey Albin, was born December 26, 1942. (See Glenn Stanley 
Albin for family history.) 

He married Dianna Louise O'Dell December 9, 1962. Dianna, a 
daughter of Ammon and Agnes O'Dell of rural Toledo, was born 
October 13, 1943. 

Joseph and Dianna have four children: Julia Dianne (May 
13, 1963), Joda Leahann (March 27, 1964), Patricia Jill (February 
22, 1971) and Jennifer Susanne (December 15, 1976). Julia was 
married to Mark Edward Beabout June 27, 1987. They live in 
Gays, Illinois, with their daughter, Leslee Amanda, born March 
29, 1989. Joda was married to Timothy Baker Morton January 4, 
1986. They live in rural Bement and are expecting a child in May 
1992. (Patricia) Jill resides in Mattoon where she attends college 
and works as a computer operator. She is engaged to Thomas 
James Sheehan of Sigel. Jennifer is a freshman at Neoga High 
School where she is an honor student, active in sports, band and 

Joseph has been with Lake Land College for 25 years. He cur- 
rently teaches electronics and is division chairman of the in- 
dustrial/engineering technology division of the school. 


Richard LeRoy Albin, second son of Glenn Samuel and Delores 
(Stuckey) Albin, was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, February 7, 
1937. Richard attended school in the one-room Buck Branch 
School and Pioneer School. He graduated from Neoga High 
School in 1954. He sold Country Companies Insurance, was assis- 
tant manager for F. S. in Benton, Illinois, manager at Neoga F. S. 
and now operates semi-tractor trailers for Advance Transporta- 
tion Company in Effingham, Illinois. 

Richard married Betty Jean Mercier January 27, 1963. Betty, 
the daughter of William F. and Alma C. (KirchhofQ Mercier, was 
born April 14, 1936, in Effingham, Illinois. She graduated from 
Effingham High School in 1954. Betty worked for Illinois Bell 
Telephone Company, Illinois Consolidated Telephone Company 
and as a tax accounting secretary for G. Stanley Albin. 

Richard and Betty have two children: Randal Richard, born 
August 20, 1963, and Tracy Jean, born September 21, 1966. Ran- 
dal lives five miles north of Neoga and is a materials expediter for 
Trailmobile in Charleston, Illinois. Randal is married (June 15, 
1985) to Dawn Jo Robison, born September 6, 1965, daughter of 
Freda Faye (Wright) Robison of St. Elmo, Illinois, and Wendell 
Eugene Robison. Randal and Dawn have one child, a daughter, 
Karissa Brittany Nicole Albin born July 14, 1988. Tracy lives one- 
half mile west of Richard and Betty. Tracy is married (September 
20, 1986) to Ronald Kelly Dow, born May 7, 1963, son of Judy 
(Dow) Kapper of Mattoon, Illinois, and John Evans of Mattoon, Il- 
linois. Tracy is employed at Central National Bank in Mattoon, Il- 
linois, as secretary to the vice president and Ronald is employed 
at Steven's Cabinet Company in Teutopolis, Illinois. 

Submitted by Betty J. Albin 


Chester Lessie Alumbaugh was born at Jewett, Illinois, on 
November 2, 1908. His grandparents, Willis and Sarah Bickle 
Alumbaugh, had moved from Sullivan County, Indiana, to a farm 
near Jewett when she inherited the land. They are buried at the 
Jewett Cemetery. 

They had ten children. Pearl married Joe Flake; Joe married 
Ollie Pearl; John; Lyda married John Graham; Lesta married 
Albert Starwalt; Carrie married Fred Cox; Etta; Art; and Ira mar- 
ried Grace Elizabeth McMillan. 

Ira and Grace Elizabeth McMillan Alumbaugh were the parents 
of Chester. They are buried at the Jewett Cemetery. Ira was the 
road commissioner for Woodbury Township for many years. They 


had three children: Chester Lessie, John Harold and Minnie 

Chester Lessie married Grace LeVeda Herendeen, daughter of 
Arthur and Leona Morgan Herendeen, on February 7, 1931, in 
Sullivan, Illinois. They had four children: Eugene, Evelyn, Jack 
and John Bart. 

Eugene Alumbaugh married Patricia Owen of Evansville, In- 
diana. They have four daughters and two sons: Joan, Ramona, 
Karen, Cathy, Anthony and Stephen. They reside at Herrin, Il- 
linois, and Eugene is employed by Fedders Corporation. 

Evelyn married William Philippi. They had ten children: Terri 
Lee, Michael (deceased as an infant), Teddy, Tricia, Tammy, 
Teena, Timmy, Tonya, Tracie and Troy. Evelyn resides at Casey, 

Jack Alumbaugh married Carla Burke of Watson, Illinois. They 
had six children: Pamela, Toni, Ricky, Jackie, Lorelie and 
Frankie. They live at Neoga, Illinois. Carla is employed by R. R. 
Donnelley & Sons and Jack is employed by General Electric. 

John Bart Alumbaugh married Marjorie Blair of Jewett, Il- 
linois. They had three children: Vicki (deceased), John Jr. and 
David. They live near Mattoon. John is a retired United States Air 
Force officer. He owned and operated Bresler's Ice Cream Shop 
in the Cross County Mall for ten years. He is presently employed 
by Cumberland Associates in Toledo, Illinois. He is an ordained 
Southern Baptist minister and has pastored the Baptist churches 
in Greenup and Strasburg, Illinois. 

Chester lived near Jewett most of his life. He was a welder for 
Garwood at Mattoon, Illinois. He died July 25, 1967, and is buried 
at the Jewett Cemetery. Grace lives at Herrin, Illinois, with her 
son Eugene and his family. 

Submitted by Mrs. John B. Alumbaugh 


David Lee Alvis was born July 29, 1939, a son of Billie Alvis 
(born March 2, 1909 in Kell, Illinois, and died June 12, 1986 with 
burial in Rest Haven cemetery, Matoon) and Audrey (Littrell) Alvis 
(born September 5, 1911, Kell, Illinois). Billie and Audrey were 
married May 31, 1930, and to this union ten children were born, 
Charles, November 18, 1932 -died August 13, 1990; James Ronald, 
November 8, 1935; Billie Joe, June 10, 1937; David, above; Sally 
Ann (Wilcox), October 17, 1941; Wayne, March 6, 1944; Donald 
Lloyd, June 19, 1945; Gary, August 19, 1946; Darrell, October 27, 
1947 and Kenny, May 8, 1951 - died February 7, 1976. 

Katherine Lavon Sparks was born May 12, 1938 in Cumberland 
County, Illinois, a daughter of Alonzo Edward Sparks, (born 
March 20, 1916 - died October 21, 1963 with burial in Toledo 
cemetery) and Florence Lillian (Scales) Sparks, (born June 21, 
1919). Eddie and Florence were married June 26, 1937 and are 
the parents of Lavon (above); Earl Edward, born June 27, 1944; 
Joyce Ellen (McSchooler), born February 6, 1947 - died January 
21, 1990; and Charles Phillip, born July 5, 1948. 

Dave and Lavon Alvis 

Dave and Lavon were married June 13, 1981 in Mattoon, Il- 
linois. Lavon was married to Gary Eugene Drum and had one 
child, Gary Kevin, born February 2, 1959. They were divorced, 
and Lavon married Wilton Carter, son of Frank and Clara (Teats) 

Carter. They were the parents of three children, Nikala Jo, born 
April 18, 1965; William Edward, born August 6, 1969 and James 
Neal, born June 9, 1971. Wilton died August 18, 1977, and after 
Dave and Lavon's marriage, Dave legally adopted Bill and James 
on June 22, 1982. 

Dave served in the Armed Forces from March 1963 - March 
1965. They presently make their home in Mattoon. 

Submitted by Dave and Lavon Alvis 


Ezekiel Anderson Jr. was born September 17, 1842, in Monroe 
County, Ohio. His parents were Ezekiel Sr., born in 1813 in Bel- 
mont County, Ohio, and Elizabeth Katherine Keller, born in 1815 
in Ohio. His paternal grandparents were Samuel Anderson and 
Lydia Powell, daughter of Samuel Powell, who were married in 
Shenandoah County, Virginia, in 1805 and moved to Monroe 
County, Ohio, in 1817. His maternal grandfather was John Keller, 
b 1791 at Wheeling Creek, Ohio County, West Virginia, son of 
George. The identity of John Keller's wife and mother are not 
known. Zeke's brothers and sisters were Mary Jane, b 1833, m 
Howard Crayons in Ohio in 1852; Joshua, b 1835; John Keller, b 
1837, m Susanah Casner in about 1860 and remained all of his life 
in Ohio; and Matilda, b 1839, m Benjamin Yoho in 1857 in Iowa. 

The older Ezekiel died when the younger was still very young, 
and Ezekiel Jr. and his siblings grew up as orphans, all placed 
with different families. In 1861 he enlisted in Co I of the 20th 
Regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry and remained a soldier 
for the duration of the war. In 1862 he was standing barefoot 
beside a pile of gunpowder which accidentally exploded, injuring 
his feet. In 1868 he married Rachel Catherine Winnett, daughter 
of John and Mary Winnett of Guernsey County, Ohio. Rachel's 
paternal grandparents were William Winnett Jr. and Rachel 
Young, who were married in Washington County, Pennsylvania, 
in about 1798. Around 1870 Zeke and Rachel moved to 
Cumberland County, Illinois. Rachel's brothers Nathan and 
George also came to Illinois. 

Zeke and Rachel had five children: William Henry (1869-1886), 
John Harvey (1871-1953), Alvah Alfred (1873-1945), Arie Elizabeth 
(Lizzie) (1893-?) and David Elmer (1878-1918). All but Lizzie are 
buried at Harmony Cemetery. Will died at the age of 16 after hav- 
ing been kicked in the head by a horse. Lizzie married J. Pizzaro 
Smith. Elmer married Hester Keys, daughter of A. C. Keys and 
Sophia Lassing, in 1899. They had a son, Russell, born in 1900 
and a daughter born in 1902. At one time Elmer ran a bicycle and 
shoe repair shop in downtown Greenup. Alvah married Sarah 
Evelyn Beaumont in 1898. They had five children who lived to 
adulthood: Martha Alma, b 1900, m Gaylin Reynolds; Ava Chloe, 
b 1902, m Roy Garrett; William Elvin, b 1904, m Exie Ashby; Lula 
Lois, b 1906, m Paul Rosebraugh; and Herman Dale, b 1912, m 
Helen Chapman. Sarah, who lived to be over 100, was the 
daughter of Dennis Beaumont and Mary Elizabeth Neese. Zeke 
died in 1932 and Rachel in 1927; both are buried in Harmony. 

John Harvey married Lucy Almeda Neese in 1894. Lucy was the 
daughter of Thomas S. Neese and Harriet S. Decker. Her paternal 
grandparents were Eli and Mary Neese from Grayson County, 
Kentucky. Maternal grandparents were William P. and Cynthia 
Decker, who were married in 1826 in Grayson County, Kentucky. 
Family history tells us that Almeda's grandmother rode from Ken- 
tucky carrying her baby in her arms and riding on the back of a 
donkey with a featherbed tied on its back. Family legend also has 
it that both Harriet Decker and Cynthia Neese were Indian, or 
part Indian, but no recorded proof of this has been found to date. 
Harvey and Almeda had nine children: Goldie Marie, b 1896, m Al 
Coleman, had nine children and died in 1980 in Casey; Alvah 
Dennis (Bill), b 1898, m Cecil Moore, had five children, d in 1945 
in Terre Haute, Indiana; Mary Irene, b 1900, m Ernest Donner, 

At Greenup, Illinois circa 1940 - John Harvey Anderson, Almeda Nees Ander- 
son, Bill (Alvah A.) Anderson, Irene Anderson Donner, Retha Anderson Dover, 
Ernestine Anderson (Ray) Richcy, George E. Anderson, Josephine Anderson 

had one son, Victor, d in Casey in 1969; Harriet R., b 1903, d 
1904; Retha Hazel, b 1905, m James Dover, had one daughter, 
Barbara, d 1971 in Michigan; Opal Ernestine, b 1907, m Ralph 
Richey, d 1972 in Effingham; George, b 1909, d 1910; George 
Elmer Valentine, b 1911; and Josephine Elizabeth, b 1915, m 
John Jackson, had one daughter, Sandra Lynn, d 1968 in Florida. 
John Harvey was a carpenter, as had been his father. He also was 
widely known for the scrumptious blackberries which he grew on 
his property and sold to a large clientele until the time of his 
death. The last moments of his life were spent picking berries in 
his blackberry patch. He and Almeda are both buried at Harmony 

George E. V. Anderson was born on Valentine's Day in 1911. In 
1935 he married Thelma Blanch McNeely, daughter of Charles 
Edward McNeely and Grace Ann Coy. George died in 1979 and is 
buried at Harmony Cemetery. Thelma was born in 1915 and is 
still living. Thelma's paternal grandparents were Reason L. 
McNeely and Emma Mae Winslow of Jasper County, Illinois. Her 
maternal grandparents were Jacob Lincoln Coy and Lavina Alice 
Neese who were married in Toledo in 1889. Line Coy was an early 
preacher at Harmony Church, referred to by his daughter Grace 
as a "shoutin' Methodist." Family legend also maintains that 
Vine's mother, Katherine Ann Sullivan, was Indian or part In- 
dian. George and Thelma had one daughter, Linda Elaine, born 
in 1942. She married Joel Harvey McCarter in 1963 and had four 
children: Robin Darlene, Timothy Joel, Joel David and Jonathan 
Adam; and seven grandchildren to date: Uriah Michael, Linda 
Elaine, Michael Frederick and Jeremiah Joel Hughes, children of 
Robin; Ashley Mary and Joel David McCarter Jr., children of Joel; 
and Joshua Allen McCarter, son of Jonathan. 

George and Thelma were divorced in 1944. In 1945 he married 
Wilda Jean Paris of Mattoon, Illinois, the daughter of Wilbur For- 
rest Paris and Lena E. Ellett, who were married in 1919 in In- 
dianapolis. Wilda's paternal grandparents were Alvah and 
Elizabeth Paris. Her maternal grandparents were Sylvester Ellett 
and Rose Stierwalt. George and Wilda had seven children: Nancy 
Karen, b 1946, m Michael Lynn Morgan in 1967, parents of Bran- 
don Michael, grandparents of Lorelei Michelle; Patricia Lynne, b 
1949, m Richard Franklin Abell in 1966, parents of Sonia Renee, 
grandparents of Rachel Elizabeth Sommer; George Stephen, b 
1954, m Vicki Hardesty in 1979; Pamela Valerie, b 1956, m 
George Franklin Diel in 1973, parents of Sarah Marie, Zachary 
Franklin and Alison Bess; Janet Marilyn, b 1958, m Darrell Gene 
Zike in 1975, parents of Korey Allen and Kenneth Brian, married 
second Shannon Brooks in 1990; Melanie Dawn, b 1965; and Jeff- 
rey Scott, b 1969. 

Thelma remarried in 1945 to Everett Joseph Little, son of 
Josiah Little and Lavina Neese. They had two daughters: 1) Don- 
na Louise, b 1945, m Howard Lewis Chesnet 1962, parents of 
Yvette Nadine, b 1965, m Theodore R. Brown 1988, grandparents 

of Caitlin Chenee, b 1992, m second Porter Eugene Long in 1976, 
parents of Christina Michelle, b 1976, and Cynthia Marie, b 1979; 
2) Evelyn Susanne, b 1946, the parent of Deirdre Mae, b 1970. 
Submitted by Linda McCarter 


James Harold Baker was born September 14, 1923 north of 
Janesville, Illinois. His parents were Robert Hamilton Baker and 
Zola Annette (Reed) Baker. A brother, John, died in 1915 and 
another brother, Robert Gale Baker, was born December 27 

Gale Baker and his wife, Lois Pearl (Deverick) Baker, founders 
of Ga-Lo Farms, have lived just north of Janesville, Illinois, since 
1939. Their two sons, Robert and Richard, grew up there. 

Jim Baker married Rhea Eileen Poehler of Montrose, Illinois, 
on September 7, 1947. Rhea is the daughter of Theodore J. and 
Tressa Melissa (Scott) Poehler, who were long-time residents of 
Montrose, Illinois. Prior to her marriage to Jim, Rhea taught sixth 
grade at Hawthorne Grade School in Mattoon. 

Jim grew up at the old Oak Grove Lodge tourist stop between 
Greenup and Casey. He graduated from Casey Township High 
School in 1941; he then attended Aeronautical University (a 
technical school) in Chicago until taking a job with Curtiss- 
Wright Corporation in Columbus, Ohio, in the spring of 1942. In 
March 1943, he entered the armed forces and became a control 
tower operator in the Army Air Force until being discharged in 
March 1946. 

He then started farming with his brother, Gale, and they 
farmed in the "Goose Nest Prairie" area of Pleasant Grove 
Township just north of Janesville. They also farmed their grand- 
mother's (Flora B. Reed) land in Sconce Bend, Cottonwood 
Township. Their grandfather, Thomas J. Reed, died in 1929. 

Jim and Rhea moved to the Reed farm in Sconce Bend in the 
spring of 1948 where they farmed until 1952. They then moved to 
Urbana and attended the University of Illinois. Rhea obtained a 
bachelor of arts degree in English in 1953 and a master's degree 
in education in 1955. Jim graduated in May 1955 with a bachelor 
of science degree in aeronautical engineering. 

They then moved to San Diego, California, where Jim took a 
job with Consolidated Vultee Aircraft, which later became Con- 
vair and later on - a division of General Dynamics Corporation. 

The San Diego time was interrupted for a year and a half when 
Jim took a job with McDonnell Aircraft of St. Louis, Missouri. 
When living in St. Louis, Rhea taught English and was a 
sophomore counselor in an Overton, Missouri, high school. 

Scott, Rhea, Jim and Susan Baker ■ 1962 

They returned to San Diego in 1957 when Jim again signed on 
with General Dynamics. During this time, Rhea taught English in 
Encinitas High School until the adoption of two children, Scott 
and Susan. Scott was born May 9, 1960 and Susan was born May 
28, 1962. Jim earned an M.S. degree in aerospace engineering 
from San Diego State University by attending night classes while 


working in the astronautics division of General Dynamics. Jim 
and Rhea returned to east central Illinois in the fall of 1968 with 
their children. 

Son Scott has lived in the Chicago area since graduating from 
Lake Land College in 1980 with an associate degree in 
mechanical-electrical technology. Job assignments required him 
to travel extensively in the United States and also to Europe, the 
Mideast, Argentina, Hawaii, Japan and the Philippines. He is 
presently attending the University of Illinois at Chicago studying 
chemical engineering. 

Daughter Susan graduated from Lake Land College in 1982 
and from Eastern Illinois University in 1984 with a bachelor's 
degree in business. She then took a position with State Farm In- 
surance Company in Bloomington, Illinois. She has been with the 
corporate offices there except for a two year period when she was 
assigned to a regional office in Marshall, Michigan. In 1991, she 
earned a master's degree in business administration (MBA) from 
Illinois State University. 

Upon returning to east central Illinois in 1968, Jim became an 
instructor in the technology division of Lake Land College. He 
was later assigned the chairmanship of the technology division 
until his retirement in May 1988. Jim and Rhea have resided in 
Mattoon, Illinois, since 1968. 

Submitted by Jim Baker 


James and Cora Baker lived in Springpoint Township, 
Cumberland County, Illinois, and were the parents of eleven 
children. Their first child, Mable, born July 12, 1904, married 
Everett Butler on March 4, 1922. They had two children, both 
deceased, and Mable died October 13, 1923. 

(2) Charles E. Baker, born January 22, 1906, and married Delia 
Niccum March 28, 1937. They had no children. Charles died in 

(3) Thurman Baker, born March 26, 1908, and married Irene 
Cox August 18, 1934. They had two children, Cora May (Patty) 
Trostle and T. Eugene. Thurman died in 1988. 

(4) Velma Baker, born August 8, 1910, married Austin Tays. 
They had no children and now live in Mattoon, Illinois. 

(5) John Hubert Baker, born November 14, 1911, and married 
Rosemond Cain on April 21, 1940. They have one son, John 
Hubert Baker Jr., and reside in West Terre Haute, Indiana. 

(6) Mary Irene Baker was born April 30, 1913. She never mar- 
ried and died March 26, 1978. 

(7) Carl Baker born January 6, 1915, married Marietta Wheat 
Andrews and they had one daughter, Sherill. They live in the state 
of Nevada. 

(8) Dorsa Baker born August 30, 1916. She married George 
Pfeifer and had two sons, James and George Jr. James died in 
1984. Dorsa married John "Bill" Mock on March 31, 1948, and 
they have one son, Joe Mock. Dorsa and Bill live in Toledo, Il- 

(9) Millard Baker born June 18, 1921, and married Rhoda Kile 
on November 22, 1952. They had no children. Millard died June 
3, 1976. 

(10) Lucille Baker born March 23, 1923, married Oscar Francis 
and have two children, Robert and Judy. They reside in Arizona. 

(11) Beulah Baker born February 19, 1925, and married Ralph 
James on March 31, 1948. They have two daughters, Vickie 
(Keller) and Nancy (Sanders). They live in Casey, Illinois. 

Submitted by Bill Mock 


Thurman Eugene Baker was born May 11, 1943, to Thurman 
Baker Sr. and Opal Irene (Cox) Baker. He married Janet Rose 
(Shafer, born November 14, 1944), a daughter of Robert and 
Lillian (Lineberry) Shafer, Jewett, on July 31, 1963. To this union 
were born four children: 

Thurman Eugene Jr., born February 19, 1965, married Deana 
Evans on July 7, 1986. They are the parents of Ashton Leann, 
born November 15, 1987, and Payton Thomas, born July 29, 1990. 

Kelly Rochelle, born May 27, 1968, married Jeffery Swingler on 
April 13, 1991. 

Shelly Michelle, born April 24, 1970, married Michael Helmink 
on October 6, 1990. They are the parents of Kassandra Marie 
"Kasi" Helmink, born September 28, 1990. 

Robert 0. Baker was born February 22, 1973. 

The Bakers have lived in Cumberland County and farmed for a 
living for several years. 

Submitted by Pat Trostle 


He was a resident of Greenup, Illinois, Cumberland County, his 
entire life. He was born May 18, 1894. His grandparents were Ben- 
jamin and Sarah Jane Bancroft of Toledo, Illinois. His father was 
Stephen Henry Bancroft, born July 12, 1859, and died July 14, 
1931. Stephen Bancroft was a carpenter. He built houses in 
Greenup, some of which are still standing. His mother was Dora A. 
Griffin. She was a teacher from Martinsville, Illinois. She was 
born December 14, 1878, and died August 24, 1899. His sister was 
Bernice Bancroft Williams, Fort Pierce, Florida, and his brother 
was Chester Bancroft, Decatur, Illinois. Both are deceased. 

Franklin Wayne Bancroft 
thought to be graduation picture. 

James Baker Family ■ 1930. 

Front row: Cora Baker (mother), Velma, Mary, Dorsa, Lucille, Beulah. 

Back row: James Baker (father), Charles, Thurman, Hubert, Carl and Millard. 


His wife was Jessie Lora Burwell of Hidalgo, Illinois. She was 
born March 5, 1901. Her parents were William Theodore Burwell, 
born August 15, 1877, died June 20, 1924, and Mary Elizabeth 
Brown Burwell. Her brother was Byard Burwell of Mattoon, Il- 
linois. He is deceased. Her half sisters are Mildred Burwell 
Jackson and Virginia Burwell Carey of Hidalgo, Illinois. Wayne 
and Jessie were wed November 13, 1920. 

Their children are daughter Mary Dora Bancroft Kincaid and 
son-in-law Marvin Merle "Pete" Kincaid, Crown Point, Indiana; 
grandchildren are Joseph Allan Kincaid, Griffith, Indiana, and 

Janice Sue Kincaid Clifford, Cincinnati, Ohio; great- 
grandchildren are Andrew Joseph Kincaid, Michael Paul Kin- 
caid, Kathryn Mary Clifford, Michael Thomas Clifford, and Brian 
Kincaid Clifford. 

Mr. Bancroft was a bookkeeper. He kept books for many 
businesses in Greenup. Some of them were Greenup National 
Bank, Greenup Shoe Company, L. H. Broom Drug Store, Eubank 
Ford Motor Sales, Ruffner Chevrolet Garage, and Greenup 
Broom Factory. He graduated from Greenup High School in 1914. 
He played an alto horn in the Greenup municipal band. He also 
served as village treasurer for many years. He said he hoped 
Greenup and Cumberland County would be his home forever and 
it was. He died August 5, 1976. His wife, Jessie, died December 
24, 1976. They are at rest in the Greenup, Cumberland County, 

Submitted by their daughter, Mary Dora Kincaid 


Jacob W. Barger, son of Robert and Mirada Barger, was born 
October 30, 1860. He was a grandson of Isaac Barger and wife of 
Neoga and Toledo, Hlinois. He married Lillian Oldham who was 
born in 1861. They were the parents of five sons and one 
daughter, Luther M., Cassius F., Roy E., Stanley H., Jacob L. and 

Jake and Annie lived in Bradbury on the east side across from 
the store. They had two stores, one west of the railroad tracks that 
burned; later one east of the tracks. This store remained there for 
a long time with different owners. 

For many years Jake bought and sold livestock and hay. He had 
a set of drive-on scales and scale house just north of their house 
and yard. There was a large hay barn east of the scales where hay 
was stored. The livestock was shipped by train from Bradbury to 
different locations. 

When Jake's father passed away he built a small house just 
south of his house for his mother. She lived there until her death. 

Roy Barger, son of Jake and Annie, had a farm home just east 
of his parents' home for several years. 

The house Jake and Annie lived in had a large front porch 
along the west side with large posts made of concrete and wood. 
Chairs were on the front porch for family and friends. When Jake 
wasn't busy you would see him on the front porch in his favorite 
chair with his feet up on the north post. Usually someone else was 
there visiting with him. This was his favorite resting place and as 
he grew older he spent hours on the front porch. 


East of Bradbury about three-fourths of a mile the Newton 
Barger family lived. His wife was Rachel. They had one child, 
Bonnie. Rachel was well versed in the use of herbs for medicine in 
curing diseases in people. She was well known and frequently 
called to help out in sickness in the neighborhood. One example 
was taking in children that doctors had not been able to cure and 
had given up on their living very long. She was able to cure their 
ailments. Rachel grew up, married and raised eight healthy 

Bonnie, their daughter, married Charles Spessard and lived 
south of Greenup for several years. Later they moved back to 
Bradbury to live with her mother, Rachel. Newton Barger died 
before his only granddaughter, Irma, was born. 

Irma had a lot of good training from her grandmother. They at- 
tended the Bradbury Free Methodist Church which was built in 
1917. Irma was a good speaker at the programs the church put on. 
Her grandmother insisted that she speak loud and clear. 

Vera Thompson and Irma were good friends in grade school. 
They would go to each other's home to spend the night. They at- 
tended the Pleasant Grove School District *17. 

Irma rode the train from Bradbury to Toledo of a morning to 
go to high school. One morning the agent forgot to flag the train 
and it didn't stop. The engineer looked back and saw the flagman 
so he stopped the train and backed up one-half mile to take Irma 
to school at Toledo that day. Can you top that for kindness? 

Later Irma married Dwight Moses and had four children: 
Roscoe, Harve, Ray and Maria. She lives in Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, and works on "The Day of Discovery" television pro- 

There were so many great people who lived, raised big or small 
families and helped to make Cumberland County great. 

What do you think was the very lowest crime a man could com- 
mit? It was being accused of being a "chicken thief." 


Ernest Eugene Barnes was born June 3, 1939, a son of Roscoe 
Fenton Barnes (born July 28, 1912, in Clark County, Illinois) and 
his mother, Calla Juanita Greeson Barnes (born March 24, 1913, 
in Jewett, Cumberland County, Illinois). 

Donna Jean Dudley Barnes was born September 20, 1943, in St. 
Mary Hospital in Decatur, Marion County, Illinois, a daughter of 
Guy Dudley (born January 29, 1909, in Pickettville, Kentucky 
- died July 17, 1958, with burial in Harmony Cemetery, 
Cumberland County, Illinois) and her mother, Jane Pearcey 
Dudley (born April 14, 1911, in Lovington, Illinois - died July 28, 
1979, with burial in Harmony Cemetery. She married John 
Knight after her first husband died.) 

Ernie and Donna Barnes family - Lonnie, Ernie, Donna, Guy, and Mike Barnes. 

Ernie and Donna were married July 30, 1959, and are the 
parents of three children, Michael Duane, born March 5, 1960, Ef- 
fingham, Illinois, and married Debbie Croy; Guy Douglas, born 
March 22, 1961, in Effingham, and married Stephanie Livesay; 
Lonnie Eugene, born June 25, 1966, in Effingham, still resides at 

Ernie helps his brothers farm part time and works at Fedders 
(Norge) Corporation in Effingham, Illinois. 


Guy Douglas Barnes was born March 22, 1961, in Effingham, 
Illinois, to Ernie Eugene (born June 3, 1939) and Donna Jane 
(Dudley, born September 20, 1943) Barnes. Ernie and Donna were 
married July 30, 1960, and are the parents of three sons, Mike, 
born March 5, 1961, who married Debra Ruth Croy on September 
29, 1984, and have a son, Brandon Michael, born February 10, 
1988. Their third son is Lonnie, born June 25, 1966, in Eff- 
ingham, Illinois. Ernie and Donna reside about two miles north of 

Guy's maternal grandparents are Guy Davis and Louisa Jane 
(Pearcy) Dudley. They are both deceased and were from the 


Guy, Mandy and Stephanie holding Levi Barnes 

Decatur, Illinois, area. His paternal grandparents are Roscoe Fen- 
ton and Calla Juanita (Greeson) Barnes of rural Jewett. 

Guy graduated from Cumberland High School in 1979 where 
he met the girl he would eventually marry, but had to wait until 
she graduated three years later. She is Stephanie Jo (Livesay) who 
was born July 10, 1964, at St. Mary's Hospital in Decatur, Illinois. 
She is the third daughter of George Clayton Livesay and Shirley 
Trinvilla (Gentry/Livesay) Easton. Her two sisters are Georgiana 
Kaye (Kline) and Shirlene Sue (Plante). Her maternal grand- 
parents are William Glenn and Verna Mable (Kingery) Gentry of 
Jewett, Illinois. Her paternal grandparents are John Wilbern and 
Beulah Mabel (Titus) Livesay, both deceased, from Arthur, Il- 

Stephanie lived most of her childhood in Jewett, Illinois, and 
after her parents were divorced and her mother re-married to 
Wilmer Leroy Easton, she and her family moved to Greenup, Il- 
linois, where she was raised by her mother and stepfather. Her 
parents now reside in Fort Myers Beach, Florida. Her father, 
George, married Susan Ellen Sherwood and they reside in 
Greenup, Illinois. 

Stephanie graduated from Cumberland High School in May 
1982, and on October 2 of that same year she married her high 
school sweetheart, Guy Barnes. They were married in the 
Greenup Methodist Church in Greenup, Illinois. Stephanie 
worked at Whitehouse Manufacture in Teutopolis, Illinois, as an 
inspector, then at the Dairy Queen Brazier in Greenup, Illinois, 
for a while until they decided to start their family. Their daughter, 
Mandy Jo, was born April 10, 1988, at Sarah Bush Lincoln 
Hospital in Mattoon, Illinois. 

In August 1990, Stephanie enrolled at Lakeland College in Mat- 
toon where she studied to become a certified nursing assistant. 
After becoming certified, she started employment with 
Cumberland Nursing Center, Greenup, Illinois, where she is still 
employed. She took time off from her job to give birth to their sec- 
ond child, Levi Davis Barnes, on September 29, 1991, at Sarah 
Bush Lincoln Hospital in Mattoon. 

After graduation from high school in 1979, Guy became 
employed with Fritts Fertilizer, Greenup, Illinois, and has re- 
mained there where he is now plant manager. He is also a member 
of the Greenup Volunteer Fire Department. Guy and Stephanie 
make their home in Greenup, Illinois, where they purchased their 
home in 1985. 

Submitted by Stephanie Barnes 


Harold Wayne Barnes was born February 17, 1946, at the 
family home in Jewett, Illinois, a son of Roscoe Fenton Barnes 
(born July 28, 1912) and Calla Juanita Greeson Barnes (born 
March 24, 1913). After finishing school, Harold enlisted in the Air 
Force on January 6, 1966. He was selected for training at Amarillo 
Air Force Base, Texas, as an Air Force metals repair specialist and 

Harold Wayne Barnes 


completed his basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. 
In the three years he spent in the Air Force, Harold was named as 
airman of the month and later outstanding maintenance man of 
the year. He was an airframe repairman and was selected for his 
exemplary conduct and duty performance. He was also a member 
of the military airlife command which provided evacuation, air 
weather, and air photography. He was honored for his expert 
marksmanship as a rifleman. He was discharged as an E5 staff 
sergeant on May 12, 1969. He now resides at Jewett, Illinois, and 
is employed at Blaw-Knox in Mattoon, Illinois. He and his 
brothers farm together part time. 
Submitted by Calla Barnes 


Hubert Leroy Barnes was born in Clark County, Marshall, Il- 
linois, on April 17, 1888. His parents were Lulu (Castle) Barnes 
and Samuel Barnes. Leroy married Nellie (Mason) Barnes in 1909 
and she passed away on May 11, 1926. Leroy passed away in July 

Hubert Leroy Barnes, father of Roy 

To this union were born six children: Seybert, Roscoe, Grace, 
Roy and Jack. Mrs. Barnes and a baby died in childbirth on May 
11, 1926. Seybert passed away July 1946. Jack was killed on Oc- 
tober 31, 1937, in a car-train accident in Jewett. 

Roy Barnes Jr. was born August 28, 1921. He married Helen 
Sowers on May 18, 1940. To this union were born two daughters: 
Janet and Phyllis. 

Helen (Sowers) Barnes 

Roy Barnes with daughters 
Phyllis Jean and Janet Ann 

Janet married Roger H. Mead on May 18, 1967. They had one 
daughter, Philena Ann. 

Phyllis married Robert D. Hawes on March 30, 1968. They have 
three daughters: Gayle LaNell, Melissa Ann and Christina Dale. 
One son, Travis Dale, died at birth. 

Helen Barnes passed away on December 19, 1978. 

Roy Barnes Jr. married Phyllis Carrell Yaw on April 13, 1983. 
Phyllis has two sons: Dennis and Marty. Phyllis has four grand- 
children: David, Matthew, Tana and Tori. Roy Barnes has resided 
in the Jewett area for 67 years. 


Michael Duane Barnes, son of Ernie and Donna Dudley 
Barnes, born March 5, 1960, in Effingham, Illinois, married 
Debra Ruth Croy, September 29, 1984, in Greenup, Illinois. 
Debra was born November 12, 1964, in Mattoon, Illinois. 

They have two children: Brandon Michael, born February 10, 
1988, in Effingham, Illinois, and Anthony Robert, born January 
19, 1992, in Mattoon, Illinois. 

Submitted by Debra Barnes 


Ronald Lee Barnes was born November 11, 1937, in Jewett, 
Woodbury Township, Cumberland County, Illinois, a son of 
Roscoe Fenton Barnes (born July 28, 1912, in McKeen, Clark 
County, Illinois) and Calla Juanita Greeson Barnes (born March 

24, 1913, in Jewett, Illinois). 

Judith Ann (Mooday) Barnes was born December 10, 1941, a 
daughter of Clifford Mooday (born January 1, 1922, in 
Cumberland County, Illinois, died September 7, 1981, with burial 
in the Janesville Cemetery) and Evelyn Bright Mooday (born May 

25, 1921). 




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t 1. 


Ronald and Judy Barnes family - Teresa (Allison), Rhonda (Wilson), Ronnie, 
Stella, Steve, Judy and Danita (Starwalt). 

Ronnie and Judy were married February 16, 1958, in the Chris- 
tian Church in Jewett, Illinois. From this union there were four 
children born: Stephen Lee, born March 22, 1961, in the Eff- 
ingham Hospital, Stephen married Stella (Hazel); Teresa Ann, 
born January 17, 1963, in Effingham, married Kim Allison; 
Danita Lynn, born February 22, 1964, in Effingham, married 
Brad Starwalt; Rhonda Marline, born August 5, 1970, in Eff- 
ingham, and married Troy Wilson. 

Ronnie is a factory worker and farmer and his family has lived 
in Jewett most of their lives. 

Submitted by Calla Barnes 


Roscoe Fenton Barnes was born July 28, 1912, in McKeen, 
Clark County, Illinois, a son of Hubert LeRoy Barnes (born April 
17, 1888, in Clark County, Illinois - died July 27, 1972, with burial 
in Dunlap Cemetery) and his mother Nellie Victoria (Mason) 

Barnes (born January 8, 1892 - died May 11, 1926, with burial in 
Dunlap Cemetery). 

Calla Juanita (Greeson) Barnes was born March 24, 1913, in 
Jewett, Cumberland County, Illinois, a daughter of Samuel Glen 
"Doc" Greeson (born February 16, 1875, in Greenup, 
Cumberland County, Illinois - died December 1, 1942, with burial 
at Toledo Cemetery) and her mother Mary Estella (Armer) 
Greeson (born November 26, 1877 - died April 10, 1969, with 
burial at Toledo Cemetery). 

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Roscoe Barnes family ■ Ernie, Roscoe, Calla, Ronnie and Harold. 

Roscoe and Calla were married July 12, 1933, and are the 
parents of four children, Ronald Lee, born November 11, 1937, at 
home, married Judy Mooday; Ernie Eugene, born June 3, 1939, at 
home, married Donna Dudley; Harold Wayne, born February 17, 
1946, at home, unmarried; and Cheryl Marlene, born July 16, 
1955, at Mattoon Hospital, died February 2, 1956. 

Roscoe worked for the Pennsylvania Railroad, factory work, 
construction, farmed, road commissioner for three and one-half 
years, and supervisor for Woodbury Township for 24 years. 

Submitted by Calla Barnes 


George Frank Bauguss was born June 27, 1921, in Baltimore, 
Maryland. On August 20, 1942, he married Marjorie Sedgwick 
(born December 11, 1921), daughter of Dora Mildred Bower and 
Ernest Sedgwick. They had one daughter, Jeanne Lynn, born 
June 30, 1946. 

For 28 years Frank farmed and lived east of Greenup on the 
York Road. He was also a grain bin inspector for the government. 

In 1971 Frank married Marion Hackenberry and they moved to 
Gilbertsville, Kentucky. Frank had three grandchildren and three 

Frank died November 15, 1987, and is buried in Benton, Ken- 

Submitted by Ernestine Robey 

William "Bill" Bauguss, 
Frank Bauguss and Louis Bauguss 



Jeanne Lynn Bauguss presently lives in O'Fallon, Missouri, 
with husband Leslie Whiteside and daughter Karie Linke, born 
August 18, 1978. Jeanne also has a son, John Franklin Sutherlin, 
and a daughter, Susan Sutherlin Howard, who live in St. Charles, 
Missouri. John married Lynn Yerkey and they have two children, 
John Franklin and Lindsay Nicole. Susan married John Howard 


John Lewis Bauguss was born November 6, 1924, at Princeton, 
West Virginia. He married Hazel Denny and they had five 
children: Vicky Lynn Bauguss (June 10, 1950). Doris Jo Bauguss 
(September 19, 1951), Ross Allen Bauguss (January 31, 1954), 
Mark Bauguss (stillborn December 18, 1955 - buried at Greenup) 
and Michael Bauguss (June 9, 1957). 

Lou married Grace and had one son, Mark. Lou now resides in 

Vicky Lynn Bauguss Vest Richards married Billy Joe Vest on 
July 2, 1966, at Alvin, Texas. They had three children: Bobby Joe 
Vest (born July 25, 1968), Tracy Lynn Vest (born June 26, 1970), 
and Eddie Wayne Vest (born August 1, 1973). All were born at 
Houston, Texas. On May 15, 1987, Vicky married Edward Clyde 
Richards at Alvin, Texas. They have no children. 

Bobby Joe Vest married Lisa Shafer on July 18, 1990, at Alvin, 

Tracy Lynn Vest married Jeffery Thomas Hannegan on 
September 24, 1988, at Pearland, Texas. They have one son: An- 
thony Garrick Hannegan, born October 15, 1985, at Galveston, 

Eddie Wayne Vest is married and has one son: Christopher 
Michael Vest, born June 1, 1991, at Galveston. 

Doris Jo Bauguss Sinclair married Sherman Wesley Sinclair on 
April 24, 1970, at Alvin, Texas. They have three children: Toby 
James Sinclair (born January 25, 1972), Toni Joanne Sinclair 
(born September 2, 1973), and Lisa Leanne Sinclair (born May 30 

Submitted by Marilyn Martin 


Michael Lee Bauguss was born August 20, 1951, in Mattoon, Il- 
linois, a son of William Davis Bauguss (born November 8, 1931, in 
Portland, Indiana) and Barbara Lee (Cox) Bauguss (born April 4, 
1934, in Woodbury, Illinois). Michael has one brother and two 
sisters, Thomas Al Bauguss, Linda Jo Bauguss Bruner, and Billie 
Jean Bauguss Chambers. 

Gwendolyn Sue Hutson Bauguss was born October 1, 1953, in 
Olney, Illinois, a daughter of Cloyce Eugene Hutson (born August 
14, 1922, Hidalgo, Illinois) and Ruby LaVerne Shofner Hutson 
(born August 30, 1920, in Springfield, Illinois). Sue has two 
brothers and two sisters, Billy Eugene Hutson, James Linden Hut- 
son, Terri Annette Hutson Webb, and Trudy Lucille Hutson 

Michael and Sue were married July 1, 1969, in St. Charles, 
Missouri, and are the parents of four sons, Michael Lee Jr., born 
February 7, 1970; Davis Eugene, born August 30, 1972; Nicholas 
Thomas, born September 18, 1981; and Gustin Al, born December 
5, 1985. They have one grandchild, Challen Davis Bauguss, born 
July 2, 1991, son of Davis Eugene and Shelly Marie Ingram. 

Michael and Sue live in Greenup, Illinois, where Michael is 
owner-president of MB Contract Telephone Company, Incor- 
porated and Decade Telecommunications, Incorporated, since 
September 1979. Gwendolyn Sue is secretary to the company. 

Submitted by Mike and Sue Bauguss 



William Davis Bauguss was born November 8, 1931, in 
Portland, Ohio, a son of Lewis and Fanny May (Davis) Bauguss. 
Bill died September 20, 1987, at his home in Jewett of pancreas 
cancer. He has one brother and two sisters, Frank Bauguss, Dassie 
(Dennis), and Mary (Tanner). 

On January 30, 1958, Bill married Barbara Lee Cox, born April 
4, 1934. She is a daughter of Al Cox (born May 18, 1883 - died 
June 15, 1960) and Lola May (Kingery) Cox (born May 5, 1897 - 
died March 29, 1953). Barbara was born in Woodbury and her 
sisters and brothers are Ernest, Lorraine (Brent), Lucille 
(Niccum), Bernadine (Clem), Opal (Myers), Ruby (Fletcher), 
Wayne Junior, Imogene, Vernon, Johnnie, and Frank. 

.\ 11 




Barbara and Bill Bauguss, Billie, Linda, Tommy and Mike 

Bill and Barbara are the parents of Michael Lee Bauguss Sr., 
born August 20, 1951; Thomas Al Bauguss, born August 19, 1955; 
Linda Jo (Bruner), born November 8, 1958; and Billie Jean 
(Chambers), born January 11, 1960. 

The family has lived in Jewett and Cumberland County all their 

Submitted by Barbara Bauguss 


James "Jim" Perry Bean was born in a log cabin five miles 
west of Toledo, just north of the old Bean School, on April 26, 
1861, the fourth child of Jesse M. Bean and Rose Linda (Elder) 
Bean. He was married to Mattie Thomas on February 22, 1891, 
and after their marriage bought a farm three and one-half miles 
southeast of Toledo near the Salem Church area. From 1909 until 
1917 he and his family lived in Edwards County, near Albion, Il- 
linois, where he operated a general store. He and his family 
returned to his farm home southeast of Toledo where he farmed 
until the late 1940s. He retired from farming and rented out 
the farm to a tenant, but continued to live in the farm home 
until his death on July 10, 1951. His wife, Mattie, was born 
March 1, 1864, and died September 8, 1958. Their children: Ivan 
Monroe Bean (born December 4, 1892, died May 17, 1981), Jennie 
Belle Bean (born October 9, 1899, died June 12, 1984), Flossie 
Neva Bean (born November 6, 1901, living at Toledo) and Harold 
R. Bean (born June 5, 1904, died May 29, 1936). They are buried 
at the Toledo Cemetery. 

Submitted by Edwin Bean 


Jesse Monroe Bean was born in Caldwell County, North 
Carolina, on July 24, 1826, the second child of Joel and Barbara 
Bean. On September 15, 1830, his father and grandfather sold out 
in North Carolina and came to Morgan County, Indiana. In 

Jesse Monroe Bean 

Morgan County he grew up and married Rose Linda Elder (born 
November 23, 1829, daughter of James and Barbery Elder) on 
July 6, 1848. In Morgan County their first child was born: Ma- 
linda Jane in 1850. Jesse and Rose came to Cumberland County, 
Neoga Township, five miles west of Toledo in 1850/1 and built a 
log cabin near Mule Creek. It was in this log cabin that six more 
children were born: Mary Elizabeth (1853), Barbara Alice (1859), 
James Perry (1861), William Hannibal (1863), Meldona (1866) and 
Isebell (1867). During this time Jesse Monroe farmed and 
operated a sorghum mill. On April 1, 1868, Rose Linda died. Jesse 
Monroe then married Elizabeth (Miles) Henderson, a widow with 
two sons, on July 25, 1870. (Elizabeth had grown up in Morgan 
County, Indiana, and possibly knew Jesse Monroe Bean as a 
child.) Elizabeth had married Albert Henderson in 1855 and he 
died in 1866 leaving sons, Albert and John Henderson, which 
Jesse M. Bean raised. Jesse M. Bean and Elizabeth had two 
children: Cora Catherine (1869) and Winter Edward (1873). 

Malinda Jane Bean married Jacob R. Keller, Mary Jane Bean 
married Abraham "Hadley" Mock, Barbara Alice Bean married 
Parker Groves, James Perry Bean married Mattie Thomas, Wm. 
Hannibal Bean married Magnolia Leach, Meldona and Isebell 
both died young, Cora C. Bean never married. Winter Edward 
Bean married Maude White. Jesse Monroe Bean died January 17, 
1911, and is buried beside his first wife. Rose Linda, at the Salem 
Church Cemetery. 

Submitted by Edwin Bean 


Oscar Otto Bean was born between Jewett and Greenup in a log 
cabin along the National Road October 15, 1899, the fourth child 
of William Hannibal Bean and Magnolia (Leach) Bean. He was 
married to Cleo Benson of Greenup in March 1923. They lived in 
Greenup for several years where their only child, Dorothy Jean 
Bean, was born. 

Oscar Otto Bean 

Oscar worked for the Illinois State Police while living in 
Greenup. The picture was taken about 1928/9 and was a familiar 
sight on Cumberland County roads during the "Prohibition 
Days" of the 1920s and '30s. Oscar worked for several years, after 
leaving the Illinois State Police, on the railroad as a telegraph 
operator (Big Four Railroad, New York Central Railroad) and 
retired from the Penn Central Railroad. 

Oscar Otto Bean died May 30, 1975, and was buried at Salem 
Church Cemetery. Cleo (Benson) Bean was born May 22, 1905, 
died June 23, 1948, and was buried at Harmony Cemetery, both in 
Cumberland County. 

Submitted by Edwin Bean 


William Hannibal "Han" Bean was born in a log cabin five 
miles west of Toledo, Neoga Township, on October 17, 1863, the 
fifth child of Jesse Monroe Bean and Rose Linda (Elder) Bean. He 
married Magnolia Leach (born April 23, 1871, daughter of 
William Thomas Leach and Mary Jane (Hanner) Leach) on 
December 26, 1888. Han was in the general merchandise business 
with Mr. Prather until the partnership broke up in Toledo. 
Records show that "Bean and Prather moved part of their mer- 
chandise to the Snider Bldg. in Roslynn staying through the year 
1896 or '97." He then moved to a log cabin between Jewett and 
Greenup along the old National Road (Route 40) - just west of the 
old Carson place - and during this time farmed and worked on the 
railroad at Mattoon, Illinois. About 1900 he moved to Jewett and 
had a poultry business on the south side of the main street and a 
little over a block east of the main road going south out of Jewett. 
During his 36 years in business in Jewett, he had three different 
store buildings. The second store was located on the north side of 
the main street across from his first store and on the west end of 
the post office block now. This store was a general merchandise 
business. As this business prospered, he bought a larger store 
building before it was completed by/from Fremont "Cricket" 
Goldsmith. This store was one block west of the other store and on 
the northeast corner of the intersection with the road going south 
out of Jewett. This store burned on Thanksgiving night of 1936 
and he then retired at the age of 73. Han and Maggie (as they 
were known) belonged to the Church of Christ in the west end of 
Jewett and Han served as elder in the church for many years. 

William Hannibal Bean family 

The William Hannibal Bean family (standing left to right): 
Jesse Allen Bean (born October 14, 1891, married Hettie C. 
Callahan, died December 24, 1964), Lloyd Foster Bean 
(1911-1980), Oscar Otto Bean (1899-1975). Seated left to right: 
Ona Cleo Bean (born July 14, 1897, married Alonzo F. Goldsmith, 
died July 1, 1974), Magnolia (Leach) Bean (died July 22, 1951), 
William Hannibal Bean (died April 2, 1948), Naomi "Bernice" 
Bean (born June 6, 1909, married Raymond Kline, died March 1, 
1987). Two other children not pictured were Fletcher Golden 
Bean (born November 9, 1889, married Irene A. Grisamore, died 
December 31, 1932) and Cecil William Bean (born June 23, 1903, 
died May 7, 1915). William Hannibal and Magnolia Bean are 
buried at the Salem Church Cemetery. 

Submitted by Edwin Bean 



Kenneth Dale Beaumont was born May 6, 1950, in Mattoon, Il- 
linois, to Leland Dale Beaumont (born December 8, 1920, in 
Toledo, Illinois) and Florence Marie (Roberts) (born May 3, 1920, 
in Greenup, Illinois) Beaumont. Leland and Florence were married 
February 26, 1947, and besides their son Kenneth they were the 
parents of two daughters, Melaina Kim (Pankey) and Marlene 

Susan Lynn (McMechan) was born June 26, 1956, in Mattoon, 
Illinois, a daughter of Kenneth Dewitt McMechan (born October 
1918) and Maye (Kemper) McMechan. Susan has one brother, 
Ronald McMechan, and four sisters, Sandra (Eades), Karon 
(Pfeifer), Sharon (Shull) and Sheila (Holsapple). 

Kenneth and Susan were married in Henderson, Kentucky, on 
April 8, 1989. Their children are Amanda Beth Carr, Courtney Jay 
Beaumont and Craig Dale Beaumont. They reside in Toledo, Il- 
linois, and Kenneth is a farm mechanic for Schillings John Deere 
dealership in Mattoon. Susan is a computer coordinator for the 
Embarras River Basin Agency in Greenup, Illinois. 

Submitted by Kenneth and Susan Beaumont 


Cassius Arthur Bensley Sr. was born January 23, 1909, in Hut- 
ton Township, Coles County, Illinois, at the home of his parents, 
Frank Elgin and Minnie Frances (Closson) Bensley. He was mar- 
ried November 14, 1931, to Birdie Janetta Cutright at Olney, Il- 
linois. Arthur lived most of his early life on the same farm where 
he was born, a place that had been in the immediate family for 
over a hundred years. He attended both the Charleston Teachers' 
College and Charleston High School. Although he considered 
himself a farmer, he worked at several other jobs, such as 
carpenter work, factory work and for the State of Illinois. He 
worked 15 months as a guard at Joliet State Penitentiary. He also 
worked in the maintenance department on the state highways. He 
retired from the Urban Sand & Grave